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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435430/influence-of-daily-oral-prophylactic-selenium-treatment-on-the-dibutyltin-dichloride-dbtc-induced-pancreatitis-in-rats
#1
J Merkord, N Görl, M Lemke, A Berg, H Weber, R Ramer, G Hennighausen
Dibutyltin dichloride (DBTC) is an organotin compound used as model for acute and chronic pancreatitis. Oxidative stress is one of the mechanisms of propagation of acinar cell injury in acute pancreatitis. Selenium is an essential cofactor in the antioxidant glutathione peroxidase pathway. Selenium levels are described to be subnormal in patients with acute and chronic pancreatitis. The aim of our studies was to determine the prophylactic effect of Na-selenite [5 mg kg(-1) body weight (b.w.) per os (p.o.) 7 days] on the pathogenesis and course of DBTC- induced pancreatitis...
2017: EXCLI journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433613/association-between-early-ercp-and-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-cholangitis
#2
Ming Tan, Ove B Schaffalitzky de Muckadell, Stig B Laursen
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Acute cholangitis (AC) is associated with high mortality of up to 10%. The association between timing of ERCP and mortality in AC patients remains unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate if early ERCP within 24 hours was associated with improved survival. METHODS: All AC patients that underwent ERCP at Odense University Hospital, Denmark, between March 2009 and September 2016 were identified using a prospective ERCP database. Clinical data were collected from medical records...
April 19, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419374/patient-radiation-doses-in-therapeutic-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-in-patras-and-the-key-role-of-the-operator
#3
Anastasia C Hadjiconstanti, Gerasimos A T Messaris, Konstantinos C Thomopoulos, George S Panayiotakis
The patient radiation doses, in conjunction with the operator experience, in therapeutic endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) procedures, performed in our hospital, were obtained. Ninety-six patients participated in the study and were divided into 3 groups, based on the operator experience. The dosemetric indices, fluoroscopy time (FT), cumulative dose (Ka,r) and air kerma-area product (PKA), were collected. For the total and weight banding group the third quartile values of the distribution of FT, Ka,r and PKA were 2...
April 17, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382324/utilization-trends-in-inpatient-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-ercp-a-cross-sectional-us-experience
#4
Moiz Ahmed, Ritesh Kanotra, Ghanshyambhai T Savani, Fenilkumar Kotadiya, Nileshkumar Patel, Sarah Tareen, Matthew J Fasullo, Mayurathan Kesavan, Ahsan Kahn, Nikhil Nalluri, Hafiz M Khan, Dhaval Pau, Jeffrey Abergel, Liliane Deeb, Sherif Andrawes, Ananya Das
Study aims The goal of our study was to determine the current trends for inpatient utilization for endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and its economic impact in the United States between 2002 and 2013. Patients and methods A Nationwide Inpatient Sample from 2002 through 2013 was examined. We identified ERCPs using International Classification of Diseases (ICD-9) codes; Procedure codes 51.10, 51.11, 52.13, 51.14, 51.15, 52.14 and 52.92 for diagnostic and 51.84, 51.86, 52.97 were studied...
April 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381379/clinical-outcomes-of-ercp-related-retroperitoneal-perforations
#5
Francesco Guerra, Giuseppe Giuliani, Diego Coletta, Stefano Amore Bonapasta, Giovanni Battista Levi Sandri
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)-related perforations represent rare but often severe conditions. While lesions with intraperitoneal perforation have an almost imperative indication to surgery, whether or not to manage retroperitoneal perforations surgically is still an area of debate. The aim of the present work was to review the available clinical evidence on the operatively and medically treated ERCP-related retroperitoneal perforations. From MEDLINE/PubMed databases 137 patients with retroperitoneal perforation were included from 12 studies that met the selection criteria for data investigation and analysis...
April 2017: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355667/pancreas-divisum-in-children-and-duodenum-preserving-resection-of-the-pancreatic-head
#6
Jiri Snajdauf, Ondrej Petru, Jiri Nahlovsky, Michal Rygl, Barbora Frybova, Jiri Bronsky, Vladimir Mixa, Radan Keil
Introduction A retrospective study was performed to evaluate the clinical features, diagnostic methods, and treatment alternatives in children with pancreas divisum (PD). Materials and Methods Patients who underwent treatment for PD between 1999 and 2014 at our department were evaluated for sex, age, presenting symptoms, physical examination findings, biochemical markers, diagnostic methods, treatment modalities, and results of treatment during follow-up. Results Seven patients who underwent treatment of symptomatic PD were included in the study...
March 29, 2017: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342650/subtotal-cholecystectomy-for-the-hostile-gallbladder-failure-to-control-the-cystic-duct-results-in-significant-morbidity
#7
Michael E Lidsky, Paul J Speicher, Brian Ezekian, Edwin W Holt, Daniel P Nussbaum, Anthony W Castleberry, Alexander Perez, Theodore N Pappas
BACKGROUND: Outcomes following the inability to control the cystic duct due to a hostile triangle of Calot during cholecystectomy remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to analyze the safety and efficacy of subtotal cholecystectomy, with attention to the necessity for secondary interventions. METHODS: Sixteen thousand five hundred ninety six cholecystectomies from January 2002 to August 2014 were reviewed, identifying patients managed with subtotal cholecystectomy, defined as the inability to isolate/transect the cystic duct...
March 22, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337485/safety-and-efficacy-of-minimal-biliary-sphincterotomy-with-papillary-balloon-dilation-m-ebs-epbd-in-patients-using-clopidogrel-or-anticoagulation
#8
Shaffer R S Mok, Murtaza Arif, David L Diehl, Harshit S Khara, Henry C Ho, Adam B Elfant
Background and study aims Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with endoscopic biliary sphincterotomy (EBS) or endoscopic papillary balloon dilation (EPBD) are common techniques of biliary decompression. Potential risks include gastrointestinal hemorrhage, which can be increased by antiplatelet agents, anticoagulants (AC) and/or novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) (ie. apixaban, dabigatran and rivaroxaban). The study aim is to evaluate the safety/efficacy of an alternative technique, minimal-EBS plus EPBD (m-EBS + EPBD), in individuals for whom clopidogrel, AC, and/or NOACs cannot be interrupted due to high cardiovascular or thromboembolic risk...
March 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299352/a-simple-ergonomic-measure-reduces-fluoroscopy-time-during-ercp-a-multivariate-analysis
#9
Fahd Jowhari, Wilma M Hopman, Lawrence Hookey
Background and study aims Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatgraphy (ERCP) carries a radiation risk to patients undergoing the procedure and the team performing it. Fluoroscopy time (FT) has been shown to have a linear relationship with radiation exposure during ERCP. Recent modifications to our ERCP suite design were felt to impact fluoroscopy time and ergonomics. This multivariate analysis was therefore undertaken to investigate these effects, and to identify and validate various clinical, procedural and ergonomic factors influencing the total fluoroscopy time during ERCP...
March 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298192/how-to-select-patients-and-timing-for-rectal-indomethacin-to-prevent-post-ercp-pancreatitis-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Jianhua Wan, Yuping Ren, Zhenhua Zhu, Liang Xia, Nonghua Lu
BACKGROUND: Acute pancreatitis is a severe complication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Previous meta-analyses have shown that indomethacin effectively prevents this complication; however, the data are limited. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to clarify the applications for rectal indomethacin. METHODS: A systematic search was performed in June 2016. Human prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled trials that compared rectally administered indomethacin with a placebo for the prevention of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP) were included...
March 15, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230608/specialized-imaging-and-procedures-in-pediatric-pancreatology-a-north-american-society-for-pediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-clinical-report
#11
Tom K Lin, David M Troendle, Daniel B Wallihan, Bradley Barth, Victor L Fox, Douglas S Fishman, Veronique D Morinville
OBJECTIVES: An increasing number of children are being diagnosed with pancreatitis and other pancreatic abnormalities. Dissemination of the information regarding existing imaging techniques and endoscopic modalities to diagnose and manage pancreatic disorders in children is sorely needed. METHODS: We conducted a review of the medical literature on the use of the following imaging and procedural modalities in pediatric pancreatology: transabdominal ultrasonography (TUS), computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)/magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP), endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS), and endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)...
March 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208000/two-cases-of-plug-or-stone-in-remnant-intrapancreatic-choledochal-cysts-treated-with-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#12
Eunbee Kim, Min Ho Kang, Jisun Lee, Hanlim Choi, Jae-Woon Choi, Joung-Ho Han, Seon Mee Park
Incomplete resection of choledochal cysts (CCs) that extend deep into the pancreas can lead to protein plug or stone formation, pancreatitis, and cholangiocarcinoma. We encountered two cases of choledocholithiasis in remnant intrapancreatic CCs (IPCCs), in which the patients exhibited symptoms after 3 and 21 years of cyst excision. A 21-year-old woman who had undergone excision of a CC, as a neonate, presented with epigastric pain. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed stones inside the remnant pancreatic cyst, which were removed by endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), and her symptoms improved...
February 16, 2017: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188033/success-and-safety-of-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-in-children
#13
Jordan D Rosen, Rebecca S Lane, Jose M Martinez, Eduardo A Perez, Jun Tashiro, Amy E Wagenaar, Robert M Van Haren, Ashwini Kumar, Juan E Sola
PURPOSE: Despite its diagnostic and therapeutic utility, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is underutilized in children. METHODS: Patients younger than 18years undergoing ERCP from 2000 to 2014 at a children's hospital were identified. Patient characteristics and outcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: Overall, 215 ERCPs (78% therapeutic) were performed in 184 patients. Our cohort was 67% female, with a median age (IQR) of 14 (8) years...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171691/toward-routine-use-of-nonsteroidal-anti-inflammatory-drugs-for-patients-undergoing-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#14
EDITORIAL
Tsuyoshi Hamada, Yousuke Nakai, Hiroyuki Isayama, Kazuhiko Koike
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are the most widely used pharmacological prevention strategy for post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP).(1,2) Experimental data suggest that NSAIDs, a group of inhibitors of PTGS1 (cyclooxygenase-1 or COX-1) and PTGS2 (cyclooxygenase-2 or COX-2), can prevent PEP through inhibition of phospholipase A2 which plays a key role in triggering inflammatory response in the pancreas.(3) Given accumulating evidence from clinical trials, peri-procedural use of rectal NSAIDs is considered as an established strategy for prevention of PEP, at least for patients who have risk factors for PEP including younger age, suspected sphincter of Oddi dysfunction as an indication, and a history of pancreatitis...
February 7, 2017: Digestive Endoscopy: Official Journal of the Japan Gastroenterological Endoscopy Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081547/diagnosis-of-pancreaticobiliary-malignancy-by-detection-of-minichromosome-maintenance-protein-5-in-biliary-brush-cytology
#15
Margaret G Keane, Matthew T Huggett, Michael H Chapman, Gavin J Johnson, George J Webster, Douglas Thorburn, James Mackay, Stephen P Pereira
BACKGROUND: Biliary brush cytology is the standard method of evaluating biliary strictures, but is insensitive at detecting malignancy. In pancreaticobiliary cancer minichromosome maintenance replication proteins (MCM 2-7) are dysregulated in the biliary epithelium and MCM5 levels are elevated in bile samples. This study aimed to validate an immunocolorimetric ELISA assay for MCM5 as a pancreaticobiliary cancer biomarker in biliary brush samples. METHODS: Biliary brush specimens were collected prospectively at ERCP from patients with a biliary stricture...
January 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054294/treatment-of-common-bile-duct-stones-in-gastric-bypass-patients-with-laparoscopic-transgastric-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography
#16
Nina A Frederiksen, Louise Tveskov, Frederik Helgstrand, Lars Naver, Andrea Floyd
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass excludes the biliary tree from traditional evaluation and treatment with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Due to the initial rapid weight loss, gastric bypass patients have an increased risk of developing gallstones in the gallbladder as well as in the common bile duct. Various techniques to access the biliary tree have been described. The techniques are characterised by complexity and varying results. The aim of the present study was to assess both feasibility and outcome of laparoscopic-assisted transgastric ERCP in patients with gastric bypass...
January 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042392/combination-of-two-hour-post-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-amylase-levels-and-cannulation-times-is-useful-for-predicting-post-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-pancreatitis
#17
Shiro Hayashi, Tsutomu Nishida, Hiromi Shimakoshi, Akiyoshi Shimoda, Takahiro Amano, Aya Sugimoto, Kei Takahashi, Kaori Mukai, Tokuhiro Matsubara, Masashi Yamamoto, Sachiko Nakajima, Koji Fukui, Masami Inada
AIM: To estimate the efficacy of 2 h post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) serum amylase levels and other factors for predicting post-ERCP pancreatitis. METHODS: This was a retrospective, single-center cohort study of consecutive patients who underwent ERCP from January 2010 to December 2013. Serum amylase levels were measured 2 h post-procedure, and patient- and procedure-related pancreatitis (PEP) risk factors were analyzed using a logistic model...
December 16, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039647/a-multicenter-experience-of-through-the-scope-balloon-assisted-enteroscopy-in-surgically-altered-gastrointestinal-anatomy
#18
Jennifer X Cai, David L Diehl, Ralf Kiesslich, Andrew C Storm, Mohamad H El Zein, Alan H Tieu, Arthur Hoffman, Vikesh K Singh, Mouen A Khashab, Patrick I Okolo, Vivek Kumbhari
BACKGROUND: Surgically altered gastrointestinal anatomy poses challenges for deep enteroscopy. Current overtube-assisted methods have long procedure times and utilize endoscopes with smaller working channels that preclude use of standard accessories. A through-the-scope balloon-assisted enteroscopy (TTS-BAE) device uses standard endoscopes with a large working channel to allow metallic and plastic stent insertion. We aim to determine the efficacy and safety of TTS-BAE in patients with altered surgical anatomy...
December 30, 2016: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027817/management-of-endoscopic%C3%A2-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-related-perforations-experience-of-a-tertiary-center
#19
Roi Weiser, Niv Pencovich, Liat Mlynarsky, Adi Berliner-Senderey, Guy Lahat, Erwin Santo, Joseph M Klausner, Ido Nachmany
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography-induced perforation (EP) is a rare but severe complication. We describe the risk factors, management, and outcome of ERCP-induced perforations in a tertiary center. METHODS: This is a case-control study. All EP cases between March 2004 and February 2015 were compared to a control group without perforation. Data on patients, procedures, presentation, perforation type, radiologic findings, management, and outcome were assessed...
December 24, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999591/endoscopic-management-of-the-difficult-bile-duct-stones-a-single-tertiary-center-experience
#20
Bülent Ödemiş, Ufuk Barış Kuzu, Erkin Öztaş, Fatih Saygılı, Nuretdin Suna, Orhan Coskun, Adem Aksoy, Zeliha Sırtaş, Derya Arı, Yener Akpınar
Background. Most common bile duct (CBD) stones can be removed with standard techniques using endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), but in some cases additional methods are needed. In this study we aimed to investigate the management of patients with difficult stones and the factors that affect the outcome of patients that have undergone periodic endobiliary stenting. Materials and Methods. Data of 1529 patients with naive papilla who had undergone ERCP with an indication of CBD stones was evaluated retrospectively...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
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