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ERCP indications

A E Yıldırım, Z A Öztürk, B T Konduk, A Balkan, B Edizer, M T Gulsen, M C Savas, A Kadayıfcı
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The application of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in the octogenarian population is limited. The aim of the study was to compare the clinical characteristics and outcomes of ERCP in octogenarian patients with non-octogenarian elderly patients. MATERIALS METHODS: A total of 1044 patients who underwent ERCP for the first time and are over the age of 65 were enrolled in this study. Data regarding demographic characteristics, medical history of patients, indications, technical success rate, final clinical diagnosis and complications were analyzed...
April 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
G Mbatshi, E J Macken, H U De Schepper, H Piessevaux, P H Deprez, T G Moreels
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in Billroth II patients is challenging and different endoscopes can be used. We retrospectively analysed 67 ERCP procedures in 38 Billroth II patients focussing on endoscope type and respective technical success and adverse event rate. 33 (49.2 %) ERCPs were performed using a duodenoscope, 87.9 % were successful and 3 were completed with the single-balloon enteroscope. 28 (41.8 %) ERCPs were performed with the single-balloon enteroscope, 82.1 % were successful and 2 were completed with a paediatric colonoscope...
October 2017: Acta Gastro-enterologica Belgica
Marianna Galeazzi, Paolo Mazzola, Breanna Valcarcel, Giuseppe Bellelli, Marco Dinelli, Giulio Maria Pasinetti, Giorgio Annoni
BACKGROUND: The incidence of biliary tract pathology is growing with an age-related trend, and progresses as the population ages. Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) represents the gold standard for treatment in these cases, but evidence about its safety in the elderly is still debated. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the clinical records of all patients aged ≥65 undergoing ERCP between July 2013 and July 2015. Of 387 ERCP cases, 363 (~ 94%) were completed entirely...
March 14, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
Jessica Bernica, Sherif Alhanafi, Neeharika Kalkota, Yi Jia, Christopher Dodoo, Alok Dwivedi, Robert J Sealock, Kalpesh Patel, Isaac Raijman, Marc J Zuckerman, Mohamed Othman
BACKGROUND: Although cholangioscopy is a widespread technique used during Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatiography (ERCP), its safety and feasibility in the elderly are not well established. This study aims to evaluate the safety and feasibility of ERCP in elderly patients. METHODS: A retrospective study of all ERCPs with single operator cholangioscopy (SOC) was conducted at three tertiary referral hospitals between March 2012 and October 2015 (specific dates varying by center)...
March 2, 2018: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Henggao Zhong, Xiaohong Wang, Lihua Yang, Lin Miao, Guozhong Ji, Zhining Fan
This study aimed to assess the clinical value of transprepancreatic septotomy indwelling guide wire or pancreatic duct stent in intractable endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) for bile duct cannulation.Of the 2107 patients treated by ERCP, a total of 81 cases with difficult bile duct cannulation underwent transprebiliopancreatic septotomy (referred to as the septotomy group, 37 cases) and transprepancreatic septotomy with pancreatic duct stent (modified septotomy group, 44 cases). Success rates of cannulation and postoperative complications for both methods were compared...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Nèwel Salet, Rolf H Bremmer, Marc A M T Verhagen, Vivian E Ekkelenkamp, Bettina E Hansen, Pieter J F de Jonge, Rob A de Man
OBJECTIVE: To develop a feasible model for monitoring short-term outcome of clinical care trajectories for hospitals in the Netherlands using data obtained from hospital information systems for identifying hospital variation. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of collected data from hospital information systems combined with clinical indicator definitions to define and compare short-term outcomes for three gastrointestinal pathways using the concept of Textbook Outcome...
March 1, 2018: BMJ Open
Oriol Sendino, Alejandro Fernández-Simon, Ryan Law, Barham Abu Dayyeh, Michael Leise, Karina Chavez-Rivera, Henry Cordova, Jordi Colmenero, Gonzalo Crespo, Cristina Rodriguez de Miguel, Constantino Fondevila, Josep Llach, Miquel Navasa, Todd Baron, Andrés Cárdenas
Background: Bile leak after liver transplantation (LT) is commonly treated with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP); however, there are limited data regarding the optimal treatment strategy. Objective: We aimed to examine the role of ERCP in LT recipients with bile leaks at two large institutions. Methods: We reviewed all ERCPs performed in LT recipients with bile leak and duct-to-duct biliary anastomosis at two high-volume transplant centers...
February 2018: United European Gastroenterology Journal
Min Chen, Lei Wang, Yun Wang, Wei Wei, Yu-Ling Yao, Ting-Sheng Ling, Yong-Hua Shen, Xiao-Ping Zou
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) may have complications. Our study aimed to investigate the risk factors and prevention of post-ERCP cholangitis. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 4234 cases undergone ERCP in the Affiliated Drum Tower Hospital of Nanjing University Medical School from January 2008 to December 2013. Patient-related factors and procedure-related factors were analyzed to find the risk factors of post-ERCP cholangitis...
February 2018: Hepatobiliary & Pancreatic Diseases International: HBPD INT
Margaret G Keane, Mayur Kumar, Natascha Cieplik, Douglas Thorburn, Gavin J Johnson, George J Webster, Michael H Chapman, Keith J Lindley, Stephen P Pereira
BACKGROUND: In adults ERCP and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) are standard methods of evaluating and treating many hepatopancreaticobiliary (HPB) conditions. HPB disease is being diagnosed with increasing frequency in children but information about role of ERCP and EUS and their outcomes in this population remain limited. Therefore the aims of this study were to describe the paediatric ERCP and EUS experience from a large tertiary referral HPB centre, and to systematically compare outcomes with those of other published series...
February 9, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Shuto Fujita, Hiroyoshi Matsukawa, Shigehiro Shiozaki, Daisuke Satoh, Hitoshi Idani, Yasutomo Ojima, Masao Harano, Kanyu Nakano, Daisuke Sumitani, Yasuhiro Choda, Michihiro Ishida, Soichiro Miyake, Tetsushi Kubota, Masazumi Okajima
Anaplastic carcinoma spindle cell type is an extremely rare disease and its prognosis is very poor. We herein report a case of anaplastic carcinoma spindle cell type of the pancreas. A 50-year-old man complaining of epigastralgia was found to have a pancreatic body-tail tumor by abdominal US and CT studies. Abdominal CT showed an irregular poorly-enhanced 33mm tumor containing a cystic component. ERCP revealed the main pancreatic duct was cut off at the tumor. Cytology of the pancreatic fluids did not indicate malignancy...
November 2017: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Lars Enochsson, My Blohm, Gabriel Sandblom, Eduard Jonas, Bengt Hallerbäck, Lars Lundell, Johanna Österberg
OBJECTIVE: To analyse the completeness in GallRiks of the follow-up frequency in relation to the intraoperative and postoperative outcome. DESIGN: Population-based register study. SETTING: Data from the national Swedish Registry for Gallstone Surgery and Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), GallRiks. POPULATION: All cholecystectomies and ERCPs recorded in GallRiks between 1 January 2006 and 31 December 2014...
January 23, 2018: BMJ Open
Guru Trikudanathan, Patrick Hoversten, Mustafa A Arain, Rajeev Attam, Martin L Freeman, Stuart K Amateau
Background and study aims : Management of post-sphincterotomy perforations is variable, with some patients managed conservatively and other requiring surgery. Fully-covered self-expanding metal stents (FCSEMs) have been used in the past, but data is limited. The aim of this study was to report the clinical characteristics and outcomes following placement of anchored FCSEMSs for the immediate management of post-sphincterotomy perforation. Patients and methods : All patients undergoing an ERCP procedure between June 2011 and December 2015 at our institution were reviewed for post-sphincterotomy perforation...
January 2018: Endoscopy International Open
Panagiotis Katsinelos, Georgia Lazaraki, Grigoris Chatzimavroudis, Sotiris Terzoudis, Anthi Gatopoulou, Andreas Xanthis, Sotiris Anastasiadis, Kiriaki Anastasiadou, Nikos Georgakis, Dimitris Tzivras, Jannis Kountouras
Background: With advancing age there is progressive pancreatic atrophy and fibrosis, leading to tissue destruction and chronic pancreatitis that has been found to be protective against post-endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) pancreatitis (PEP). However, there are no reports regarding the potential effect of the aging pancreatic changes on the incidence and severity of PEP. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate the impact of senile changes in the pancreas on the incidence and severity of PEP...
January 2018: Annals of Gastroenterology: Quarterly Publication of the Hellenic Society of Gastroenterology
Yuki Ishikawa-Kakiya, Masatsugu Shiba, Hirotsugu Maruyama, Kunihiro Kato, Shusei Fukunaga, Satoshi Sugimori, Koji Otani, Shuhei Hosomi, Fumio Tanaka, Yasuaki Nagami, Koichi Taira, Hirokazu Yamagami, Tetsuya Tanigawa, Toshio Watanabe, Yasuhiro Fujiwara
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Advanced techniques have been developed to overcome difficult cannulation cases in endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Pancreatic duct guidewire placement method (PGW) is performed in difficult cannulation cases; it is possible that it places patients at risk of post-ERCP pancreatitis (PEP). The mechanism of PEP is still unclear, but pancreatic duct pressure and injury of pancreatic duct are known causes of PEP. Therefore, we hypothesized a relationship between pancreatic duct diameter and PEP and predicted that PGW would increase the risk of PEP in patients with non-dilated pancreatic ducts...
2018: PloS One
Mohammad F Ali, Rani Modayil, Krishna C Gurram, Collin Brathwaite, David Friedel, Stavros Stavropoulos
BACKGROUND: Deep enteroscopy-assisted ERCP (DEA-ERCP) in post-bariatric Roux-en-Y (RY) anatomy is challenging. Laparoscopy-assisted ERCP (LA-ERCP) or EUS-directed transgastric ERCP (EDGE) are technically easier and faster, but are more invasive and morbid procedures. Therefore, we have used DEA-ERCP as our first-line approach, reserving EDGE and LA-ERCP for cases in which adjunctive techniques that cannot be performed through an enteroscope are required (eg, EUS-FNA, SO manometry), or DEA-ERCP failures...
January 6, 2018: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Magdalena Plewka, Jacek Rysz, Kryzsytof Kujawski
Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a common procedure of the diagnosis and treatment of biliary and pancreatic diseases. ERCP combines both endoscopic and radiologic imaging. Despite the fact that it is widely considered as relatively safe and useful procedure when performed by an experienced endoscopist, ERCP may potentially result in complications due to its invasive nature. These complications vary in severity and include post-ERCP pancreatitis, cholangitis, hemorrhage and perforations of the gastrointestinal tract...
December 22, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Mazen R Al-Mansour, Eleanor C Fung, Edward L Jones, Nichole E Zayan, Timothy D Wetzel, Sara E Martin Del Campo, Anahita D Jalilvand, Andrew J Suzo, Rebecca R Dettorre, James K Fullerton, Michael P Meara, John D Mellinger, Vimal K Narula, Jeffrey W Hazey
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is a common procedure that, in the United States, is traditionally performed by gastroenterologists. We hypothesized that when performed by well-trained surgeons, ERCP can be performed safely and effectively. The objectives of the study were to assess the rate of successful cannulation of the duct of interest and to assess the 30-day complication and mortality rates. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of 1858 patients who underwent 2392 ERCP procedures performed by five surgeons between August 2003 and June 2016 in two centers...
December 22, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
Jeffrey S Bank, Benjamin L Witt, Linda J Taylor, Douglas G Adler
BACKGROUND: The sensitivity of brush cytology for biliary strictures has typically been low, usually 30%-60%. We compared the cellular yield and diagnostic accuracy using a new cytology brush (n = 16) versus standard biliary brushings (n = 16) in 32 patients who underwent endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with brushings for evaluation of a biliary stricture for malignancy. METHODS: We performed retrospective chart reviews of 16 consecutive ERCPs with brushings performed for the cytologic evaluation of a biliary stricture for malignancy using the new cytology brush between January 2016 and February 2017 at our institution...
March 2018: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Benjamin Martin, Evelyn Geok Peng Ong
AIMS: Intraoperative cholangiograms (IOC) during laparoscopic cholecystectomy have been advocated to detect biliary anomalies and intraductal calculi. However, IOC increases operative time and patient irradiation, and therefore is not universally used. We hypothesise selective IOC may be a valuable tool in children. METHODS: A retrospective case note review was performed of all children who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy at a single institution by a single surgeon between January 2011 and March 2017...
February 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
D Verscheure, D Gianfranco, P Tammaro, J L Dumont, J P Marmuse, K Arapis
BACKGROUND: Rapid weight loss after bariatric surgery is associated with a high prevalence of gallstone formation. In laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP), the bypassed segment is not readily available for endoscopic or radiographic examination. We propose a laparoscopic Janeway gastrostomy for secondary access to excluded structures in bariatric centers with no mandatory technical equipment in endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), double-balloon ERCP or spiral enteroscopy...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
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