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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347812/reevaluation-of-the-impact-of-methicillin-resistance-on-outcomes-in-patients-with-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteremia-and-endocarditis
#1
Eun-Jeong Joo, Dong Ah Park, Cheol-In Kang, Doo Ryeon Chung, Jae-Hoon Song, Sang Moo Lee, Kyong Ran Peck
Background/Aims: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is highly prevalent in hospitals, and has recently emerged in the community. The impact of methicillin-resistance on mortality and medical costs for patients with S. aureus bacteremia (SAB) requires reevaluation. Methods: We searched studies with SAB or endocarditis using electronic databases including Ovid-Medline, Embase-Medline, and Cochrane Library, as well as five local databases for published studies during the period January 2000 to September 2011...
January 20, 2018: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344378/clinical-outcomes-and-costs-of-cardiac-revascularisation-in-england-and-new-york-state
#2
Francisco Leyva, Tian Qiu, Felicity Evison, Christopher Christoforou, David McNulty, Peter Ludman, Daniel Ray
Objectives: Healthcare expenditure per-capita in the USA is higher than in England. We hypothesised that clinical outcomes after cardiac revascularisation are better in the USA. We compared costs and outcomes of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in England and New York State (NYS). Methods: Costs and total mortality were assessed using the Hospital Episode Statistics for England and the Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System for NYS...
2018: Open Heart
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343950/examining-30-day-copd-readmissions-through-the-emergency-department
#3
Michael E Rezaee, Charlotte E Ward, Bonita Nuanez, Daniel A Rezaee, Jeffrey Ditkoff, Alexandra Halalau
Background: Thirty-day readmission in COPD is common and costly, but potentially preventable. The emergency department (ED) may be a setting for COPD readmission reduction efforts. Objective: To better understand COPD readmission through the ED, ascertain factors associated with 30-day readmission through the ED, and identify subgroups of patients with COPD for readmission reduction interventions. Patients and methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted from January 2009 to September 2015 in patients with COPD of age ≥18 years...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342059/patients-living-alone-can-be-safely-discharged-directly-home-after-total-joint-arthroplasty-a-prospective-cohort-study
#4
Andrew N Fleischman, Matthew S Austin, James J Purtill, Javad Parvizi, William J Hozack
BACKGROUND: Despite the expense and potential hazards of inpatient rehabilitation, there is a prevailing belief that patients living alone cannot be safely discharged directly home after total joint arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to assess the safety and efficacy of direct home discharge for patients living alone during convalescence after primary total joint arthroplasty. METHODS: We prospectively studied 910 consecutive patients undergoing primary, unilateral total hip arthroplasty or total knee arthroplasty over an 8-month period...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340940/characterizing-potentially-preventable-admissions-a-mixed-methods-study-of-rates-associated-factors-outcomes-and-physician-decision-making
#5
Lisa M Daniels, Atsushi Sorita, Deanne T Kashiwagi, Masashi Okubo, Evan Small, Eric C Polley, Adam P Sawatsky
BACKGROUND: Potentially preventable admissions are a target for healthcare cost containment. OBJECTIVE: To identify rates of, characterize associations with, and explore physician decision-making around potentially preventable admissions. DESIGN: A comparative cohort study was used to determine rates of potentially preventable admissions and to identify associated factors and patient outcomes. A qualitative case study was used to explore physicians' clinical decision-making...
January 16, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340924/impact-of-preoperative-opioid-use-after-emergency-general-surgery
#6
Young Kim, Alexander R Cortez, Koffi Wima, Vikrom K Dhar, Krishna P Athota, Jason J Schrager, Timothy A Pritts, Michael J Edwards, Shimul A Shah
BACKGROUND: Preoperative exposure to narcotics has recently been associated with poor outcomes after elective major surgery, but little is known as to how preoperative opioid use impacts outcomes after common, emergency general surgical procedures (EGS). METHODS: A high-volume, single-center analysis was performed on patients who underwent EGS from 2012 to 2013. EGS was defined as the seven emergent operations that account for 80% of the national burden. Preoperative opioid use was defined as having an active opioid prescription within 7 days prior to surgery...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334925/implementing-blended-learning-in-emergency-airway-management-training-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Madeleine Huei Tze Kho, Keng Sheng Chew, Muhaimin Noor Azhar, Mohd Lotfi Hamzah, Kee Man Chuah, Aida Bustam, Hiang Chuan Chan
BACKGROUND: While emergency airway management training is conventionally conducted via face-to-face learning (F2FL) workshops, there are inherent cost, time, place and manpower limitations in running such workshops. Blended learning (BL) refers to the systematic integration of online and face-to-face learning aimed to facilitate complex thinking skills and flexible participation at a reduced financial, time and manpower cost. This study was conducted to evaluate its effectiveness in emergency airway management training...
January 15, 2018: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330835/international-guidelines-for-groin-hernia-management
#8
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: Worldwide, more than 20 million patients undergo groin hernia repair annually. The many different approaches, treatment indications and a significant array of techniques for groin hernia repair warrant guidelines to standardize care, minimize complications, and improve results. The main goal of these guidelines is to improve patient outcomes, specifically to decrease recurrence rates and reduce chronic pain, the most frequent problems following groin hernia repair. They have been endorsed by all five continental hernia societies, the International Endo Hernia Society and the European Association for Endoscopic Surgery...
January 12, 2018: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329508/hospital-readmissions-and-the-day-of-the-week
#9
Aman Verma, Christian Rochefort, Guido Powell, David Buckeridge
Objectives Patients discharged from hospitals on a Friday (Friday discharges) are readmitted sooner (a shorter time-to-emergency-readmission) than those discharged on any other day of the week. To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of increasing weekend capacity, the effect estimate of Friday discharge on time-to-emergency-readmission needs to be precise. However, precise effect estimation is complicated by the confounding effect of differing healthcare-seeking behaviour and admission practices, and therefore different admission probability, by day of the week...
January 2018: Journal of Health Services Research & Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323930/the-economic-burden-of-asthma-in-the-united-states-2008-2013
#10
Tursynbek Nurmagambetov, Robin Kuwahara, Paul Garbe
RATIONALE: Asthma is a chronic disease that affects quality of life, productivity at work and school, healthcare use, and can result in death. Measuring the current economic burden of asthma provides important information on the impact of asthma on society. This information can be used to make informed decisions about allocation of limited public health resources. OBJECTIVES: In this paper, we provide a comprehensive approach to estimate current prevalence, medical costs, cost of absenteeism (missed work and schooldays) and mortality attributable to asthma from a national perspective...
January 11, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321107/can-i-send-this-patient-with-stroke-home-strategies-managing-transient-ischemic-attack-and-minor-stroke-in-the-emergency-department
#11
Bernard P Chang, Sara Rostanski, Joshua Willey, Benjamin Kummer, Eliza Miller, Mitchell Elkind
BACKGROUND: While transient ischemic attack and minor stroke (TIAMS) are common conditions evaluated in the emergency department (ED), there is controversy regarding the most effective and efficient strategies for managing them in the ED. Some patients are discharged after evaluation in the ED and cared for in the outpatient setting, while others remain in an observation unit without being admitted or discharged, and others experience prolonged and potentially costly inpatient admissions...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318927/cost-effectiveness-of-evaluation-of-children-with-epilepsy-in-the-emergency-department-need-for-investment-in-patient-education
#12
Karen S Carvalho, Anthony L Fine, Christopher J Haines, Ignacio Valencia, Divya S Khurana, Agustin Legido
We aimed to study cost-effectiveness of seizure evaluation of children with epilepsy in the emergency department (ED). We reviewed epilepsy patients seen at our ED for 1 year. Age, laboratory and neuroimaging results, treatment, disposition, and usefulness of the visit (need for hospitalization, clinical improvement) were analyzed. We identified 330 patients, aged 23 days-21 years, 190 (57.5%) had blood tests, 45 (13.6%) urinalysis, 2 (0.6%) cerebrospinal fluid testing, and 44 neuroimaging studies (13.3%)...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316820/cost-effectiveness-of-access-to-critical-cerebral-emergency-support-services-access-a-neuro-emergent-telemedicine-consultation-program
#13
Justin Whetten, David N van der Goes, Huy Tran, Mark Moffett, Colin Semper, Howard Yonas
AIMS: Access to Critical Cerebral Emergency Support Services (ACCESS) was developed as a low-cost solution to providing neuro-emergent consultations to rural hospitals in New Mexico that do not offer comprehensive stroke care. ACCESS is a two-way audio visual program linking remote emergency department physicians and their patients to stroke specialists. ACCESS also has an education component in which hospitals receive training from stroke specialists on the triage and treatment of patients...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315035/does-a-daily-consultant-ward-round-affect-the-outcomes-of-orthopaedic-patients
#14
Kwaku W Baryeh, David Elliott, Ziad Harb, Radcliffe Lisk
INTRODUCTION: In the UK, more than 60 000 patients present with a fractured neck of femur each year. These patients represent a huge financial cost. This study looks at the 30-day readmissions and total length of hospital stay of patients presenting with a fractured neck of femur, as well as length of stay in non-hip fracture trauma patients, following the change to a daily consultant-led ward round. METHODS: A total of 200 records of patients with fractured neck of femur were reviewed with data collected retrospectively and prospectively following the introduction of the daily consultant-led ward round...
January 2, 2018: British Journal of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310703/management-of-persistent-epistaxis-using-floseal-hemostatic-matrix-vs-traditional-nasal-packing-a-prospective-randomized-control-trial
#15
Scott Murray, Adrian Mendez, Alexander Hopkins, Hamdy El-Hakim, Caroline C Jeffery, David W J Côté
BACKGROUND: Epistaxis is the most common emergent consultation to otolaryngology-head & neck surgery (OHNS) and with 60% of the population having experienced an episode and 1.6 in 10,000 requiring hospitalization in their lifetime. In preliminary studies Floseal® (Baxter, USA) Hemostatic Matrix has shown efficacy in up to 80% of persistent anterior epistaxis. We sought to evaluate the clinical efficacy and cost-effectiveness of Floseal® (Baxter, USA) compared to traditional nasal packing for persistent epistaxis...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306269/sealone-safety-and-efficacy-of-coronary-computed-tomography-angiography-with-low-dose-in-patients-visiting-emergency-room-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Joonghee Kim, Joon-Won Kang, Kyuseok Kim, Sang Il Choi, Eun Ju Chun, Yeo Goon Kim, Won Young Kim, Dong Woo Seo, Jonghwan Shin, Huijai Lee, Kwang-Nam Jin, Soyeon Ahn, Seung Sik Hwang, Kwang Pyo Kim, Ru-Bi Jeong, Sang Ook Ha, Byungho Choi, Chang-Hwan Yoon, Jung-Won Suh, Hack-Lyoung Kim, Ju Kyoung Kim, Sujin Jang, Ji Seon Seo
OBJECTIVE: Chest pain is one of the most common complaints in the emergency department (ED). Cardiac computed tomography angiography (CCTA) is a frequently used tool for the early triage of patients with low- to intermediate-risk acute chest pain. We present a study protocol for a multicenter prospective randomized controlled clinical trial testing the hypothesis that a low-dose CCTA protocol using prospective electrocardiogram (ECG)-triggering and limited-scan range can provide sufficient diagnostic safety for early triage of patients with acute chest pain...
December 2017: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298370/eradication-rate-of-helicobacter-pylori-on-the-us-mexico-border-using-the-urea-breath-test
#17
Roy P Liu, Roberta Romero, Jerzy Sarosiek, Christopher Dodoo, Alok K Dwivedi, Marc J Zuckerman
OBJECTIVES: Helicobacter pylori is prevalent worldwide, especially in Latin America. Triple and quadruple antibiotic therapies have been relatively effective; however, resistance has emerged in recent years. The treatment success rate of these regimens on the border of the United States and Mexico is unknown. Our study attempted to determine eradication rates of two major regimens based on urea breath test (UBT) results in patients previously diagnosed as having H. pylori in a single center in El Paso, Texas, a city on the geographic border with Mexico...
January 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297705/use-of-the-thermocool-smarttouch-catheter-for-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation-the-relationship-between-hospital-procedure-volume-readmissions-and-economic-outcomes
#18
Andrea Barnow, Laura Goldstein, Iftekhar Kalsekar, Ray Liao, Rahul Khanna
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between hospital volume of prior THERMOCOOL SMARTTOUCH Catheter use and health and economic outcomes among hospitalized patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) undergoing ablation using this device. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients aged ≥18 years with a primary diagnosis of AF undergoing ablation treatment using the THERMOCOOL SMARTTOUCH Catheter between January 2014 and June 2016 were identified from the Premier hospital database with the first date of such procedure being defined as the index date...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Medical Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297659/fetal-fibronectin-testing-and-pregnancy-outcomes-among-texas-medicaid-patients-at-risk-for-preterm-birth
#19
Jamie C Barner, Allison A Petrilla, Hyeun Ah Kang, Xian Shen, Ahmed M Alshehri, Erin M Sullivan, Kathleen A Troeger, Kristin M Richards, Sean C Blackwell
OBJECTIVES: Fetal fibronectin (fFN) testing between the 24th and 34th weeks of pregnancy in patients with symptomatic preterm labor (PTL) helps assess the risk of spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB), yet the extent of its use is unknown. We assessed use of fFN testing among Texas Medicaid enrollees with symptomatic PTL and evaluated time to infant delivery and healthcare utilization/costs. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study using medical and pharmacy claims for Texas Medicaid enrollees...
December 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290518/enteral-nutrition-improves-clinical-outcome-and-reduces-costs-of-acute-mesenteric-ischaemia-after-recanalisation-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#20
Shuofei Yang, Jianming Guo, Qihong Ni, Jiaquan Chen, Xiangjiang Guo, Guanhua Xue, Meng Ye, Lan Zhang
BACKGROUND: Little data evaluate the enteral nutrition (EN) for patients with acute mesenteric ischaemia (AMI) in the intensive care unit (ICU). This study assessed the outcomes of EN for recanalised AMI patients in the ICU. METHODS: In this retrospective study, 183 AMI patients with mesenteric recanalisation admitted to two surgical ICUs were included. Patients were divided into EN (EN within first week, n = 95) and total parenteral nutrition (TPN) group (TPN in 1st week, n = 88)...
December 20, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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