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Autoimmune thyroiditis, celiac disease vitiligo

Christina Tatsi, Meg Keil, Charalampos Lyssikatos, Elena Belyavskaya, Constantine A Stratakis, Maya B Lodish
Glucocorticoids are widely used for immunosuppression in autoimmune diseases. After the resolution of hypercortisolemia, the immune system recovers allowing for autoimmune diseases to manifest. Here we investigated the presence of autoimmune and related diseases that developed after cure of endogenous Cushing syndrome (CS) in children. We identified 129 children who were diagnosed and successfully treated for endogenous CS at the National Institutes of Health from 1997 until 2017, and who were followed for at least 6 months after treatment...
April 2018: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
Pavel Kolkhir, Elena Borzova, Clive Grattan, Riccardo Asero, Dmitry Pogorelov, Marcus Maurer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Numerous autoimmune diseases (AIDs) have been linked to chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU). Here, we provide the first extensive and comprehensive evaluation of the prevalence of AIDs in patients with CSU and vice versa. METHODS: A Pubmed and Google Scholar search was performed to identify studies reporting the prevalence of various AIDs in CSU and vice versa published before April 2017. RESULTS: The prevalence of individual AIDs in CSU is increased (≥1% in most studies vs ≤1% in the general population)...
December 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
Francesca Cipriani, Alice Marzatico, Giampaolo Ricci
Evidence has emerged about the relationship between atopic dermatitis (AD) and autoimmune diseases, but the underlying mechanism of this association is complex and still unclear. Recent epidemiological data from the published work suggest a positive correlation. The aim of this review is to analyze the frequency of co-occurrence of AD and autoimmune diseases. Our systematic review included 22 articles from PubMed describing the reciprocal association between AD and autoimmune diseases. Although not all the studies achieved statistically significant results, patients suffering from autoimmune diseases involving skin and intestinal mucosa, such as vitiligo, alopecia areata, celiac disease and inflammatory bowel diseases, showed a higher risk to have AD as comorbidity...
December 2017: Journal of Dermatology
Roberto Vita, Maria Giulia Santaguida, Camilla Virili, Maria Segni, Marina Galletti, Mattia Mandolfino, Flavia Di Bari, Marco Centanni, Salvatore Benvenga
Polyglandular autoimmune syndrome (PAS) type 3 consists of autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) coexisting with ≥1 non-thyroidal autoimmune disease (NTAID) other than Addison's disease and hypoparathyroidism. We evaluated the prevalence and repertoire of thyroid hormones antibodies (THAb) in PAS-3 patients. Using a radioimmunoprecipation technique, we measured THAb (T3IgM, T3IgG, T4IgM, and T4IgG) in 107 PAS-3 patients and 88 controls (patients with AITD without any NTAID). Based on the selective coexistence of AITD with one NTAID (chronic autoimmune gastritis, non-segmental vitiligo or celiac disease), patients were divided into group 1 (chronic autoimmune gastritis positive, n = 64), group 2 (non-segmental vitiligo positive, n = 24), and group 3 (celiac disease positive, n = 15)...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Poupak Fallahi, Silvia Martina Ferrari, Ilaria Ruffilli, Giusy Elia, Marco Biricotti, Roberto Vita, Salvatore Benvenga, Alessandro Antonelli
We have evaluated prospectively the prevalence of other autoimmune disorders in outpatient clinic in 3069 consecutive patients with diagnosed chronic autoimmune thyroiditis (AT), with respect to two age- and sex-matched control groups: a) a control group of 1023 subjects, extracted from a random sample of the general population without thyroid disorders; b) 1023 patients with non-toxic multinodular goiter extracted from the same random sample of the general population, with similar iodine intake. The results of our study demonstrate a significant increase of the prevalence of autoimmune disorders in AT patients (with respect to both controls), for the following diseases: chronic autoimmune gastritis (CAG), vitiligo (Vit), rheumatoid arthritis, polymialgia rheumatica (Polym), celiac disease, diabetes, sjogren disease, multiple sclerosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, sarcoidosis, alopecia, psoriathic arthritis, systemic sclerosis, and HCV-related cryoglobulinemia...
December 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
Esperanza Avalos-Díaz, Elena Pérez-Pérez, Mayra Rodríguez-Rodríguez, María-Guadalupe Pacheco-Tovar, Rafael Herrera-Esparza
Vitiligo is a chronic disease characterized by the dysfunction or destruction of melanocytes with secondary depigmentation. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of vitiligo associated with autoimmune rheumatic diseases. The clinical records from a 10-year database of patients with rheumatic diseases and associated vitiligo was analysed, with one group of patients having autoimmune rheumatic disease and another non-autoimmune rheumatic disease. Available serum samples were used to assess the anti-melanocyte antibodies...
August 2016: Biomedical Reports
Tommaso Aversa, Mariella Valenzise, Andrea Corrias, Mariacarolina Salerno, Lorenzo Iughetti, Daniele Tessaris, Donatella Capalbo, Barbara Predieri, Filippo De Luca, Malgorzata Wasniewska
BACKGROUND: It is known that the association with Down syndrome (DS) can affect the phenotypic expression of autoimmune thyroid diseases (AITDs), whilst is unknown whether the clustering of extra-thyroidal autoimmune diseases (ETADs) may also be atypical in DS children. METHODS: The aim of this study was to investigate the clustering of ETADs in 832 children with AITDs divided in two groups with or without DS (A and B, respectively) and in four subgroups of patients aged either <6 or ≥6 years...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Monika Lechleitner, Friedrich Hoppichler, Susanne Kaser
According to literature about 30 % of the patients with type 1 diabetes develop further autoimmune diseases. Thyroid dysfunction represents with 15‒30 % the most common disorder, followed by gastritis with 5‒10 %, celiac disease with 4‒9 % and vitiligo with 2‒10 %. Addison's disease seems to be less prevalent. Diagnostic procedures in the course of the comprehensive care for diabetic patients should therefore include screening for further autoimmune diseases.
April 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
Ewa Rusak, Agata Chobot, Agnieszka Krzywicka, Janet Wenzlau
Anti-parietal cell antibodies (APCA) are an advantageous tool for screening for autoimmune atrophic gastritis (AAG) and pernicious anemia (PA). The target for APCA is the H+/K+ ATP-ase. It has been demonstrated, that APCA target both, the alpha, and beta subunits of the proton pump, although the major antigen is the alpha subunit. Circulating serum APCA can be detected by means of immunofluorescence, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay - currently the most commonly used method, and radioimmunoprecipitation assay (RIA) - the 4A subunit has been optimized as a molecular-specific antigen probe...
September 2016: Advances in Medical Sciences
Eren Gürkan, Berrin Çetinarslan, İsmail Güzelmansur, Beyza Kocabaş
There are many types of polyglandular autoimmune syndrome (PAS). PAS type 2 is the most common type among adults. For PAS type 2 (PAS-2) diagnosis, detection of Addison's disease with autoimmune thyroid disease and/or type 1 diabetes mellitus are required. Premature ovarian insufficiency, pernicious anemia, vitiligo, alopecia, myasthenia gravis, celiac disease and autoimmune diabetes insipidus may be comorbidities of this condition. Contrary to the common belief, latent PAS is more common than the manifest forms...
July 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
Amita Maturu, Aaron Michels, Boris Draznin
OBJECTIVE: Autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type II (APS II) is characterized by adrenal insufficiency (Addison's disease), autoimmune thyroid disease, and/or type 1 diabetes mellitus (DM1). Multiple other autoimmune diseases have been associated with APS II. Here we report a case of a patient with APS II who over the course of 10 years developed Addison's disease, hypothyroidism, DM1, Hashimoto's encephalopathy, vitiligo, celiac disease, seronegative arthritis, and ulcerative colitis...
December 2014: Endocrine Practice
Subodh Banzal, Abhishek Singhai
Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome Type II (APS II), also known as polyglandular autoimmune syndrome Type II or Schmidt syndrome, is constellations of multiple endocrine gland insufficiencies. It is a rare, but most common of the immunoendocrinopathy syndrome. It is characterized by the obligatory occurrence of autoimmune Addison's disease in combination with thyroid autoimmune diseases and/or Type I diabetes, hypogonadism, hypophysitis, myasthenia gravis, vitiligo, alopecia, pernicious anemia, and celiac disease...
May 2014: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
Jean-Louis Wémeau, Emmanuelle Proust-Lemoine, Amélie Ryndak, Laura Vanhove
Even though autoimmune thyroiditis is considered as the most emblematic type of organ-specific autoimmune disorder of autoimmunity, autoimmune thyroid diseases can be associated with other autoimmune endocrine failures or non-endocrine diseases (namely vitiligo, pernicious anemia, myasthenia gravis, autoimmune gastritis, celiac disease, hepatitis). Thyroid disorders, which are the most frequent expression of adult polyendocrine syndrome type 2, occur concomitantly with or secondarily to insulinodependent diabetes, premature ovarian failure, Addison's disease (Schmidt syndrome, or Carpenter syndrome if associated with diabetes)...
January 2013: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Iwona Ben-Skowronek, Aneta Michalczyk, Robert Piekarski, Beata Wysocka-Łukasik, Bożena Banecka
INTRODUCTION: Type III Polyglandular Autoimmune Syndrome (PAS III) is composed of autoimmune thyroid diseases associated with endocrinopathy other than adrenal insufficiency. This syndrome is associated with organ-specific and organ-nonspecific or systemic autoimmune diseases. The frequency of PAS syndromes in diabetic children is unknown. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the incidence of PAS III in children with diabetes mellitus type 1. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study consisted of 461 patients with diabetes mellitus type 1(T1DM), who were 1-19 years of age...
2013: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
Alessandra Fierabracci, Carla Bizzarri, Alessia Palma, Annamaria Milillo, Emanuele Bellacchio, Marco Cappa
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune polyendocrinopathy-candidiasis-ectodermal dystrophy syndrome (APECED) is an autosomal recessive disease due to mutations of the autoimmune regulator (AIRE) gene. Typical manifestations include candidiasis, Addison's disease, and hypoparathyroidism. Type 1 diabetes, alopecia, vitiligo, ectodermal dystrophy, celiac disease and other intestinal dysfunctions, chronic atrophic gastritis, chronic active hepatitis, autoimmune thyroid disorders, pernicious anemia and premature ovarian failure are other rare associated diseases although other conditions have been associated with APECED...
December 10, 2012: Gene
Fredrik Norström, Olof Sandström, Lars Lindholm, Anneli Ivarsson
BACKGROUND: A gluten-free diet is the only available treatment for celiac disease. Our aim was to investigate the effect of a gluten-free diet on celiac disease related symptoms, health care consumption, and the risk of developing associated immune-mediated diseases. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to 1,560 randomly selected members of the Swedish Society for Coeliacs, divided into equal-sized age- and sex strata; 1,031 (66%) responded. Self-reported symptoms, health care consumption (measured by health care visits and hospitalization days), and missed working days were reported both for the year prior to diagnosis (normal diet) and the year prior to receiving the questionnaire while undergoing treatment with a gluten-free diet...
2012: BMC Gastroenterology
Marta Toni García, Emma Anda Apiñániz, Juan Pablo, Martínez de Esteban, Patricia Munárriz Alcuaz, María José Goñi Iriarte, Lluís Forga Llenas
Autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type II (APS-II) is the most common immunoendocrinopathy syndrome. APS-II is defined by the development of two or more of the following entities: primary adrenal insufficiency (Addison's disease), Graves' disease, type 1A diabetes mellitus, autoimmune thyroiditis, primary hypogonadism, celiac disease, and myasthenia gravis. Other frequent clinical findings are vitiligo, alopecia, pernicious anemia and/or serositis. Primary adrenal insufficiency in these patients affects the adrenal cortex, which is destroyed by autoantibodies against 21-hydroxylase...
December 2008: Endocrinología y Nutrición: órgano de la Sociedad Española de Endocrinología y Nutrición
Przemysław R Witek, Joanna Witek, Ewa Pańkowska
Type 1 diabetes (T1DM) is often associated with autoimmune diseases such as: autoimmune thyroid disease (ATD), celiac disease (CD), autoimmune gastritis (AIG), pernicious anemia (PA) and vitiligo. Autoimmune thyroid disease is the most prevalent endocrinopathy among diabetic patients. Hypothyroidism, celiac disease or Addison's disease in patients with type 1 diabetes may deteriorate glycemic control and can lead to an increased rate of hypoglycemia. Autoimmune gastritis, pernicious anemia and celiac disease can cause malabsorption and anemia which additionally impair the quality of life in patients with T1DM...
January 2012: Medycyna Wieku Rozwojowego
Caio R D C Quaio, Jozélio F Carvalho, Clovis A da Silva, Cleonice Bueno, Amanda S Brasil, Alexandre C Pereira, Alexander A L Jorge, Alexsandra C Malaquias, Chong A Kim, Débora R Bertola
The association of RASopathies [Noonan syndrome (NS) and Noonan-related syndromes] and autoimmune disorders has been reported sporadically. However, a concomitant evaluation of autoimmune diseases and an assessment of multiple autoantibodies in a large population of patients with molecularly confirmed RASopathy have not been performed. The clinical and laboratory features were analyzed in 42 RASopathy patients, the majority of whom had NS and five individuals had Noonan-related disorders. The following autoantibodies were measured: Anti-nuclear antibodies, anti-double stranded DNA, anti-SS-A/Ro, anti-SS-B/La, anti-Sm, anti-RNP, anti-Scl-70, anti-Jo-1, anti-ribosomal P, IgG and IgM anticardiolipin (aCL), thyroid, anti-smooth muscle, anti-endomysial (AE), anti-liver cytosolic protein type 1 (LC1), anti-parietal cell (APC), anti-mitochondrial (AM) antibodies, anti-liver-kidney microsome type 1 antibodies (LKM-1), and lupus anticoagulant...
May 2012: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Cumali Efe, Staffan Wahlin, Ersan Ozaslan, Alexandra Heurgue Berlot, Tugrul Purnak, Luigi Muratori, Chiara Quarneti, Osman Yüksel, Gérard Thiéfin, Paolo Muratori
AIM: To assess the prevalence of concurrent extrahepatic autoimmune diseases in patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AIH)/primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) overlap syndrome and applicability of the 'mosaic of autoimmunity' in these patients. METHODS: The medical data of 71 AIH/PBC overlap patients were evaluated for associated autoimmune diseases. RESULTS: In the study population, 31 (43.6%) patients had extrahepatic autoimmune diseases, including autoimmune thyroid diseases (13 patients, 18...
May 2012: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
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