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black vulture parasites

Michael J Yabsley, Ralph E T Vanstreels, Ellen S Martinsen, Alexandra G Wickson, Amanda E Holland, Sonia M Hernandez, Alec T Thompson, Susan L Perkins, Christopher J West, A Lawrence Bryan, Christopher A Cleveland, Emily Jolly, Justin D Brown, Dave McRuer, Shannon Behmke, James C Beasley
BACKGROUND: New World vultures (Cathartiformes: Cathartidae) are obligate scavengers comprised of seven species in five genera throughout the Americas. Of these, turkey vultures (Cathartes aura) and black vultures (Coragyps atratus) are the most widespread and, although ecologically similar, have evolved differences in morphology, physiology, and behaviour. Three species of haemosporidians have been reported in New World vultures to date: Haemoproteus catharti, Leucocytozoon toddi and Plasmodium elongatum, although few studies have investigated haemosporidian parasites in this important group of species...
January 8, 2018: Malaria Journal
R I Rodríguez-Vivas, D A Apanaskevich, M M Ojeda-Chi, I Trinidad-Martínez, E Reyes-Novelo, M D Esteve-Gassent, A A Pérez de León
Domestic animals and wildlife play important roles as reservoirs of zoonotic pathogens that are transmitted to humans by ticks. Besides their role as vectors of several classes of microorganisms of veterinary and public health relevance, ticks also burden human and animal populations through their obligate blood-feeding habit. It is estimated that in Mexico there are around 100 tick species belonging to the Ixodidae and Argasidae families. Information is lacking on tick species that affect humans, domestic animals, and wildlife through their life cycle...
January 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
L Darwich, O Cabezón, I Echeverria, M Pabón, I Marco, R Molina-López, O Alarcia-Alejos, F López-Gatius, S Lavín, S Almería
Toxoplasma gondii infections are prevalent in many avian species and can cause mortality in some bird hosts. Although T. gondii has been isolated from various species of birds, the role of many different species of wild birds in the epidemiology of T. gondii remains unknown. Neospora caninum, a closely related parasite to T. gondii, has been recently confirmed to infect domestic chickens and wild birds such as house sparrows (Passer domesticus). The present study reports the presence of T. gondii and N. caninum DNA by PCR in brain tissues of 14 species of wild birds from Spain...
February 10, 2012: Veterinary Parasitology
Carlos Alberto Perez, Alvaro Fernando de Almeida, Alexandre Almeida, Victor Hugo Barbosa de Carvalho, Daniele do Carmo Balestrin, Murilo Saraiva Guimarães, Julio C Costa, Leonardo Adriano Ramos, Ana Dulce Arruda-Santos, Clarice Pinto Máximo-Espíndola, Darci Moraes Barros-Battesti
Seven species of mammals and 36 of birds were investigated to determine the tick prevalence and intensity of infestation. The study was conducted at the Esalq/USP in Piracicaba municipality, State of São Paulo. It was collected 52 mammals and 158 birds parasitized by 12,418 ticks. Adult ticks (N= 7,343) were found on capybaras, while the immature were mainly collected on small mammals and birds. The main hosts for immatures in descending order were opossums (69.1%), capybara (24.4%) and black vultures (3.7%)...
October 2008: Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinária, Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Parasitology
Javier Martínez, Angel Criado-Fornelio, Pilar Lanzarot, Manuel Fernández-García, Filomena Rodríguez-Caabeiro, Santiago Merino
This article describes a new pentastomid species from the abdominal air sacs of a black vulture (Aegypius monachus Linnaeus, 1766) from central Spain. The parasite's morphological characteristics (as shown by light and scanning electron microscopy) suggest that it should be classified in the new genus. It is the third pentastomid species described in birds and the first for the Accipitridae. The mouth is almost terminal, there are 2 pairs of hooks behind the mouth, and the genital pore is immediately posterior to these structures, placing the new species within the Cephalobaenida...
October 2004: Journal of Parasitology
D S Lindsay, D S Zarlenga, H R Gamble, F al-Yaman, P C Smith, B L Blagburn
A nematode from the genus Trichinella was observed in histological sections of breast and tracheal muscles from a black vulture Coragyps atratus from Alabama. Larvae obtained from breast muscle tissue that had been refrigerated for 8 days were infectious for laboratory mice. No nurse cell was observed around larvae in the black vulture or in experimentally infected mice examined 7 or 9 wk postinoculation. The identity of the parasite as Trichinella pseudospiralis was confirmed by DNA hybridization using the species-specific probe, pTsp 5...
December 1995: Journal of Parasitology
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