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Multivisceral

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538578/total-abdominal-wall-transplantation-an-anatomical-study-and-classification-system
#1
David Light, Neilendu Kundu, Risal Djohan, Cristiano Quintini, Namita Gandhi, Brian R Gastman, Richard Drake, Maria Siemionow, James E Zins
BACKGROUND: Candidates for multivisceral transplantation present with complex defects often beyond traditional reconstructive options. In this study, the authors describe a dissection technique for a total abdominal wall vascularized composite flap. In addition, the authors suggest a classification system for complex abdominal wall defects. METHODS: Forty fresh, cadaveric hemiabdomens were dissected, with care taken to preserve the iliofemoral, deep circumflex iliac, superficial circumflex iliac, deep inferior epigastric, and superficial inferior epigastric arteries and corresponding veins...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510798/total-laparoscopic-management-for-stage-iv-colorectal-cancer-requiring-multivisceral-resection
#2
Y Nancy You, Hironori Shiozaki, Jeffrey E Lee, Guillaume Passot, Claire Goumard, Masayuki Okuno, Thomas A Aloia, Cathy Eng, George Chang, Jean-Nicolas Vauthey, Claudius Conrad
BACKGROUND: Surgical resection of all sites of disease, in combination with effective systemic chemotherapy, offers the only potential chance for cure for patients with stage IV colorectal cancer (CRC). Coordinated multistage resection using a minimally invasive approach may provide optimal oncologic outcome while potentially offering the benefit of decreased morbidity. PATIENT: A 66-year-old women presented with transverse colon cancer and synchronous metastasis (CRLM) in segment IV involving the middle hepatic vein and main left portal pedicle, as well as the left adrenal gland...
May 16, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481070/-negative-pressure-system-in-the-treatment-of-enterocutaneous-fistulas-in-the-pediatric-population
#3
V Núñez Cerezo, M I Romo Muñoz, M V Amesty Morello, A Vilanova Sánchez, M Dore Reyes, M Gómez Cervantes, A M Andrés Moreno, E Martínez-Ojinaga Nodal, L Martínez Martínez, M López Santamaría
AIM OF THE STUDY: The management of children with enterocutaneous fistulas (EF) along with large abdominal wall defects secondary to multiple surgical interventions can be difficult and sometimes lead to intestinal failure (IF). The aim of this study is to present the results of negative pressure systems and their properties (edema reduction angiogenesis promotion and granulation tissue formation) in children with enterocutaneous fistulas (EF) and their prognosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of children with refractory, high output EF treated with NPS between 2008-2014...
October 10, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457853/two-dimensional-electrophoresis-highlights-haptoglobin-beta-chain-as-an-additional-biomarker-of-congenital-disorders-of-glycosylation
#4
Arnaud Bruneel, Florence Habarou, Tanya Stojkovic, Grégory Plouviez, Laure Bougas, Fanny Guillemet, Nadine Brient, Dominique Henry, Thierry Dupré, Sandrine Vuillaumier-Barrot, Nathalie Seta
Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDGs) are rare inherited disorders affecting glycosylation of proteins and lipids and sharing very heterogeneous multivisceral symptoms. The biochemical screening of these diseases is currently limited to electrophoresis or HPLC separation/quantification of serum transferrin glycoforms and is relatively frequently hampered by genetic polymorphism. Further, it has been shown that transferrin glycosylation can be very poorly affected in confirmed CDGs. We developed a fast and simple two-dimensional (2-DE) Western-blot analysis applied to the simultaneous detection of various serum glycoproteins, i...
April 27, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434656/an-overview-of-eu-and-usa-intestinal-transplant-current-activity
#5
A Lauro, F Panaro, K R Iyer
AIM OF THE STUDY: To report the current activity of intestinal transplantation in Europe (EU) and Unites States of America (USA), underlining outcomes in the last 5 years and discussing possible trends. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data review of results was performed through analysis of ITR and UNOS registries, Eurotransplant and newsletter transplant reports, congress abstracts, international published literature, personal communications and hospital web sites. RESULTS: The absence in Europe of a sole organization collecting donors and the presence of many low-volume centers (less than 5 cases/year) makes the difference with USA: in the last 5 years (2010-2014), 222 intestinal/multivisceral transplants have been performed in EU countries (most of them in the UK), while in USA, the number of transplants achieved 634 procedures in the same period of time...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432461/laparoscopic-surgery-for-t4-colon-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Charlotte E L Klaver, Tijmen M Kappen, Wernard A A Borstlap, Willem A Bemelman, Pieter J Tanis
BACKGROUND: In colon cancer, T4 stage is still assumed to be a relative contraindication for laparoscopic surgery considering the oncological safety. The aim of this systematic review with meta-analysis was to evaluate short- and long-term oncological outcomes after laparoscopic surgery for T4 colon cancer, and to compare these with open surgery. METHODS: Using systematic review of literature, studies reporting on radicality of resection, disease-free survival (DFS), and/or overall survival (OS) after laparoscopic surgery for T4 colon cancer were identified, with or without a control group of open surgery...
April 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422396/a-simplified-multivisceral-transplantation-procedure-for-patients-with-combined-end-stage-liver-disease-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#7
Xiao-Shun He, Shun-Jun Fu, Qiang Zhao, Xiao-Feng Zhu, Dong-Ping Wang, Ming Han, Wei-Qiang Ju, Yi Ma, Jiao Xing-Yuan, Xiao-Peng Yuan, An-Bin Hu, Zhi-Yong Guo
In liver transplant patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), the disease worsens after transplantation because of long-term use of diabetogenic immunosuppressive drugs, making management of those patients a great challenge. The objective of our study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a simplified multivisceral transplantation (SMT) procedure for the treatment of patients with end-stage liver disease and concurrent type 2 DM. Forty-four patients who had pretransplant type 2 DM were included. Twenty-three patients received SMT and 21 patients received orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT)...
April 19, 2017: Liver Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395758/prevention-of-5-fluorouracil-induced-early-severe-toxicity-by-pre-therapeutic-dihydropyrimidine-dehydrogenase-deficiency-screening-assessment-of-a-multiparametric-approach
#8
Michele Boisdron-Celle, Olivier Capitain, Roger Faroux, Christophe Borg, Jean Philippe Metges, Marie Pierre Galais, Mehdi Kaassis, Jaafar Bennouna, Karine Bouhier-Leporrier, Eric Francois, Isabelle Baumgaertner, Véronique Guerin-Meyer, Oana Cojocarasu, Celia Roemer-Becuwe, Claire Stampfli, Ludovic Rosenfeld, Thierry Lecompte, Virginie Berger, Alain Morel, Erick Gamelin
5-Fluorouracil (5-FU)-based treatments can lead to early-onset severe (4%-5%) even fatal (0.3%) toxicities in patients with dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) deficiency. This multicenter prospective cohort study aimed to assess the clinical benefit of pretherapeutic screening for DPD deficiency using a multiparametric approach. Two parallel cohorts of patients treated with 5-FU-based chemotherapy for colorectal carcinoma were compared in a prospective nonrandomized study. In arm A, patients had DPD deficiency screening before treatment, whereas in arm B no pretherapy screening was performed...
February 2017: Seminars in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394870/postoperative-morbidity-after-radical-resection-of-primary-retroperitoneal-sarcoma-a-report-from-the-transatlantic-rps-working-group
#9
Andrea J MacNeill, Alessandro Gronchi, Rosalba Miceli, Sylvie Bonvalot, Carol J Swallow, Peter Hohenberger, Frits Van Coevorden, Piotr Rutkowski, Dario Callegaro, Andrew J Hayes, Charles Honoré, Mark Fairweather, Amanda Cannell, Jens Jakob, Rick L Haas, Milena Szacht, Marco Fiore, Paolo G Casali, Raphael E Pollock, Francesco Barretta, Chandrajit P Raut, Dirk C Strauss
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the safety of radical resection for retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS). BACKGROUND: The surgical management of RPS frequently involves complex multivisceral resection. Improved oncologic outcomes have been demonstrated with this approach compared to marginal excision, but the safety of radical resection has not been shown in a large study population. METHODS: The Transatlantic Retroperitoneal Sarcoma Working Group (TARPSWG) is an international collaborative of sarcoma centers...
April 7, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393434/multivisceral-transplantation-for-abdominal-tumors-in-children-a-single-center-experience-and-review-of-the-literature
#10
Eliza Lee, Nicole Hodgkinson, Rima Fawaz, Khashayar Vakili, Heung Bae Kim
Standard management of intra-abdominal pediatric solid tumors requires complete resection. However, tumors with multiple organ and vascular involvement present a unique surgical challenge. We conducted a retrospective chart review of four patients, aged 2-14 years, undergoing MVT for intra-abdominal tumors with significant involvement of the visceral arteries and/or portomesenteric venous system at our institution. Indications for MVT included hepatocellular carcinoma, inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor, and two cases of hepatoblastoma...
April 9, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362060/maintenance-immunosuppression-for-adults-undergoing-liver-transplantation-a-network-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Manuel Rodríguez-Perálvarez, Marta Guerrero-Misas, Douglas Thorburn, Brian R Davidson, Emmanuel Tsochatzis, Kurinchi Selvan Gurusamy
BACKGROUND: As part of liver transplantation, immunosuppression (suppressing the host immunity) is given to prevent graft rejections resulting from the immune response of the body against transplanted organ or tissues from a different person whose tissue antigens are not compatible with those of the recipient. The optimal maintenance immunosuppressive regimen after liver transplantation remains uncertain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the comparative benefits and harms of different maintenance immunosuppressive regimens in adults undergoing liver transplantation through a network meta-analysis and to generate rankings of the different immunosuppressive regimens according to their safety and efficacy...
March 31, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359594/improvement-in-postoperative-mortality-in-elective-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-analysis-of-predictive-factors-in-1066-patients-from-a-single-centre
#12
E Norero, E A Vega, C Diaz, G Cavada, M Ceroni, C Martínez, E Briceño, F Araos, P Gonzalez, S Baez, E Vinuela, M Caracci, A Diaz
BACKGROUND: Gastrectomy represents the main treatment for gastric adenocarcinoma. This procedure is associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to evaluate the postoperative mortality changes across the study period and to identify predictive factors of 30-day mortality after elective gastrectomy for gastric cancer. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of a prospective database from a single centre. Patients treated with an elective gastrectomy from 1996 to 2014 for gastric adenocarcinoma were included...
February 10, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338493/surgery-for-recurrent-uterine-cancer-surgical-outcomes-and-implications-for-survival-a-case-series
#13
Lavinia Domenici, Katherine Nixon, Flavia Sorbi, Maria Kyrgiou, Joseph Yazbek, Marcia Hall, Jeremy Campbell, Norma Gibbons, Won-Ho Edward Park, Hani Gabra, Christina Fotopoulou
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe the patterns of relapse in uterine cancer (UC) and the role of surgery in the recurrent setting. METHODS: We describe surgical and clinical outcomes of all patients who underwent surgery for recurrent UC in a gynecological oncology tertiary referral center between May 1, 2013, and April 30, 2016. Progression-free survival and overall survival were estimated using Kaplan-Meier methods with the surgery at relapse being the starting point...
May 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280917/short-and-long-term-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-multivisceral-resection-for-clinically-suspected-t4-colon-cancer
#14
Tsutomu Kumamoto, Shigeo Toda, Shuichiro Matoba, Jin Moriyama, Yutaka Hanaoka, Kenji Tomizawa, Toshihito Sawada, Hiroya Kuroyanagi
BACKGROUND: The use of laparoscopic surgery for colorectal cancer has become widespread recently. However, the safety and oncological outcomes of laparoscopic surgery for primary advanced colorectal cancer need extensive investigation. We analyzed the short- and long-term outcomes after laparoscopic multivisceral resection for primary colon cancer with suspected invasion of other organs at a single institution. METHODS: Between January 2000 and December 2014, 118 patients underwent laparoscopic multivisceral resection for primary colon cancer invading or adhering to adjacent organs or structures; their short- and long-term outcomes were retrospectively evaluated...
March 9, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273399/clinical-presentation-and-outcomes-of-norovirus-infection-in-intestinal-allograft-compared-to-native-intestine
#15
Diana F Florescu, Jessica L Sonderup, Wendy Grant, Pearlie P Chong, David van Duin, Andre C Kalil
BACKGROUND: No data are available on clinical manifestations and course of norovirus gastroenteritis (NVE) in intestinal allograft (from intestinal and multivisceral transplant recipients, ITR) compared to native intestine (from other allograft recipients, nITR). METHODS: This was a retrospective study of solid organ transplant recipients with NVE at two centers from January 1, 2010 to April 1, 2014. Chi-square, t-test, linear and logistic regression analyses were done to compare NVE in ITR vs nITR patients...
March 8, 2017: Transplant Infectious Disease: An Official Journal of the Transplantation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261615/can-the-preoperative-serum-lactate-level-predict-the-extent-of-bowel-ischemia-in-patients-presenting-to-the-emergency-department-with-acute-mesenteric-ischemia
#16
Peter C Ambe, Kai Kang, Marios Papadakis, Hubert Zirngibl
Purpose. Early recognition of acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) can be challenging. Extensive bowel necrosis secondary to AMI is associated with high rates of mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between preoperative serum lactate level and the extent of bowel ischemia in patients with AMI. Methods. Data of patients with abdominal pain and elevated serum lactate undergoing emergency laparotomy for suspected AMI within 24 hours of presentation was retrospectively abstracted. The length of the ischemic bowel segment was compared with the preoperative serum lactate level...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249618/locally-advanced-colon-cancer-with-cutaneous-invasion-case-report
#17
Nádia Tenreiro, Cátia Ferreira, Silvia Silva, Rita Marques, Artur Ribeiro, Paulo Jorge Sousa, Fernando Próspero Luís
BACKGROUND: Locally advanced colon cancer with direct abdominal wall and skin invasion is an extremely rare finding with most data being derived from case reports, historical autopsy-based or single-center retrospective studies. We present a unique case of a colon cancer with direct cutaneous invasion and colocutaneous fistulization. CASE PRESENTATION: Eighty-six year old Caucasian female with multiple comorbidities, referred to Surgical Consultation due to ulcerated skin lesion in the abdomen...
March 1, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188188/locally-advanced-colon-cancer-evaluation-of-current-clinical-practice-and-treatment-outcomes-at-the-population-level
#18
Charlotte E L Klaver, Lieke Gietelink, Willem A Bemelman, Michel W J M Wouters, Theo Wiggers, Rob A E M Tollenaar, Pieter J Tanis
Background: The goal of this study was to evaluate current clinical practice and treatment outcomes regarding locally advanced colon cancer (LACC) at the population level. Methods: Data were used from the Dutch Surgical Colorectal Audit from 2009 to 2014. A total of 34,527 patients underwent resection for non-LACC and 6,918 for LACC, which was defined as cT4 and/or pT4 stage. LACC was divided into those with multivisceral resection (LACC-MV; n=3,385) and without (LACC-noMV; n=1,595). Guideline adherence, treatment strategy, and short-term outcomes were evaluated...
February 2017: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151808/techniques-for-abdominal-wall-reconstruction-in-intestinal-transplantation
#19
Gabriel E Gondolesi, Nicolás F Aguirre
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: One of the most important challenges in the intestinal (ITx) and multivisceral transplant (MVTx) is to achieve a successful abdominal wall closure. RECENT FINDINGS: A tension-free primary closure should be our aim. In most of the cases, we need to perform a component separation technique, alone or combined, to the use of a synthetic mesh. If those options are not feasible, the abdominal wall composite vascularized allograft transplant (AW-CVA) utilizing direct orthotopic vascularization can be considered...
February 1, 2017: Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147371/crohn-s-disease-and-intestinal-transplantation
#20
Pavel Drastich, Martin Oliverius
BACKGROUND: Most patients with Crohn's disease (CD) require one or more operations during their lifetime. Repeated resections and surgical complications may result in short gut in a subset of patients, typically those with extensive small bowel disease or a penetrating CD phenotype. The effects of short bowel syndrome (SBS) can range in seriousness from mild to life-threatening advanced intestinal failure. Worldwide, CD is the second leading indication for intestinal transplantation (ITx) in SBS, but the overall incidence of ITx is quite low...
2017: Digestive Diseases
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