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Multivisceral

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330724/a-novel-nomogram-for-predicting-postsurgical-intra-abdominal-infection-in-gastric-cancer-patients-a-prospective-study
#1
Chen-Chen Mao, Xiao-Dong Chen, Ji Lin, Wei-Shan Zhu-Ge, Zhong-Dong Xie, Xi-Yi Chen, Feng-Min Zhang, Rui-Sen Wu, Wei-Teng Zhang, Neng Lou, Li Shi, Guan-Bao Zhu, Xian Shen
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the relationship between intra-abdominal infection (IAI) and sarcopenia prospectively and to construct a nomogram to identify patients at a high risk of IAI. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of 682 consecutive patients with gastric cancer who underwent radical gastrectomy. The sarcopenia elements, including lumbar skeletal muscle index, handgrip strength, and gait speed, were measured before surgery. Factors contributing to IAI were determined through univariate and multivariate analysis...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315649/current-principles-of-surgery-for-retroperitoneal-sarcomas
#2
REVIEW
Mark Fairweather, Ricardo J Gonzalez, Dirk Strauss, Chandrajit P Raut
Surgery for primary retroperitoneal sarcomas (RPS) often requires a technically challenging, en bloc multivisceral resection to optimize outcomes. Surgery may also be appropriate for patients with localized recurrent RPS. Anatomic considerations and tumor biology driven by histologic subtype may guide the extent of resection in patients with RPS. This review provides an overview of the current surgical principles for primary and recurrent RPS.
January 8, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29314041/surgical-morbidity-in-retroperitoneal-sarcoma-resection
#3
Andrea J MacNeill, Marco Fiore
Resection of retroperitoneal sarcoma (RPS) typically involves multivisceral resection. The morbidity of RPS resection has decreased over time despite widespread adoption of radical resection. Certain patterns of resection are associated with higher complication rates and elderly patients are at increased risk of morbidity. Administration of preoperative radiotherapy does not increase morbidity, but intraoperative and brachytherapy techniques are associated with heightened toxicities. Long-term functional outcomes and quality of life scores after RPS resection are acceptable...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303066/comparison-of-single-port-versus-standard-multiport-left-lateral-liver-sectionectomy
#4
Benjamin Struecker, Philipp Haber, Robert Öllinger, Marcus Bahra, Andreas Pascher, Johann Pratschke, Moritz Schmelzle
It remains unclear if single incision laparoscopic liver surgery is superior to standard multiport resections and in what regard patients might benefit from this approach. We retrospectively analyzed the course of all patients undergoing laparoscopic left lateral sectionectomy at our center between 2009 and 2017. In total, 11 single incision and 31 multiport left lateral sectionectomies were performed at our center between July 2009 and May 2017. Six patients were excluded due to multivisceral resections. Indications included adenoma (n = 7 vs n = 2), focal nodular hyperplasia (n = 4 vs n = 3), hepatocellular carcinoma (n = 4 vs n = 4), colorectal liver metastasis (n = 4 vs n = 0), noncolorectal metastasis (n = 2 vs n = 1), hemangioma (n = 3 vs n = 0), abscess (n = 1 vs n = 0), and cysts (n = 1 vs n = 0)...
January 1, 2018: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288580/multivisceral-transplant-is-a-viable-treatment-option-for-patients-with-nonresectable-intraabdominal-fibromatosis
#5
Zhikai Chi, Richard S Mangus, Chandrashekhar A Kubal, Shaoxiong Chen, Jingmei Lin
BACKGROUND: Intraabdominal fibromatosis often involves the mesentery root which is nonresectable by conventional surgery. Multivisceral transplant (MVT), as a potential cure to nonresectable fibromatosis, has rarely been reported and the prognosis is unknown. METHODS: Six patients who underwent MVT for intraabdominal fibromatosis were reviewed. Clinicopathological features, immunohistochemistry for β-catenin, p53, and Ki67, and outcomes were evaluated. Appropriate data for comparative analysis were obtained from a cohort of 24 patients who underwent conventional resection for intraabdominal fibromatosis...
December 30, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205364/effects-of-local-multivisceral-resection-for-clinically-locally-advanced-rectal-cancer-on-long-term-outcomes
#6
Anne M Dinaux, Lieve G J Leijssen, Liliana G Bordeianou, Hiroko Kunitake, David L Berger
INTRODUCTION: Multivisceral resection is occasionally needed to obtain clear margins in patients with transmural rectal cancer. Most series demonstrate equivalent outcomes between those patients who undergo multivisceral resections and those who do not, provided an R0-resection is achieved. This study focuses solely on patients who received neoadjuvant treatment for clinically transmural rectal cancers and underwent a local multivisceral R0-resection. METHODS: A retrospective, single center analysis of consecutive series of patients who received a surgical R0-resection after neoadjuvant treatment for a clinically transmural, non-metastatic, primary rectal cancer...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150964/de-novo-donor-specific-hla-antibodies-after-combined-intestinal-and-vascularised-composite-allotransplantation
#7
Annemarie Weissenbacher, Georgios Vrakas, Mian Chen, Srikanth Reddy, Philip Allan, Henk Giele, Martin Cnm Barnardo, Anil Vaidya, Peter J Friend, Susan V Fuggle
Combining vascularised composite allotransplantation (VCA) with intestinal transplantation to achieve primary abdominal closure has become a feasible procedure. Besides facilitating closure, the abdominal wall can be used to monitor intestinal rejection. As the inclusion of a VCA raises the possibility of an enhanced alloimmune response, we investigated the incidence and clinical effect of de novo donor specific HLA antibodies (dnDSA) in a cohort of patients receiving an intestinal transplant with or without a VCA...
November 18, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134385/robotic-assisted-multivisceral-resection-for-rectal-cancer-short-term-outcomes-at-a-single-center
#8
H Hino, T Yamaguchi, Y Kinugasa, A Shiomi, H Kagawa, Y Yamakawa, M Numata, A Furutani, Y Yamaoka, S Manabe, T Suzuki, S Kato
BACKGROUND: The safety and feasibility of robotic-assisted multivisceral resection for locally advanced rectal cancer remain unclear. The aim of this study was to assess the short-term outcomes of this procedure at our institution. METHODS: From December 2011 to December 2016, patients who underwent robotic-assisted multivisceral resection for rectal cancer were investigated. Patient demographics, treatment characteristics, perioperative outcomes, and pathological results were evaluated retrospectively...
November 13, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098019/leiomyosarcoma-of-the-inferior-vena-cava-survival-rate-following-radical-resection
#9
Frederico José Ribeiro Teixeira, Sergio Dias do Couto Netto, André Luis de Freitas Perina, Fabio C M Torricelli, Luciana Ragazzo Teixeira, Antonio Eduardo Zerati, Fabio de Oliveira Ferreira, Eduardo Hiroshi Akaishi, William Carlos Nahas, Edivaldo Massazo Utiyama
Leiomyosarcoma (LMS) of inferior vena cava (IVC) is a rare neoplasm affecting approximately 1/100,000 people. The prognosis is poor and potential curative intent occurs through challenging operations, such as vena cava resection, occasionally multivisceral when required, and vascular reconstruction. There are few retrospective series regarding this retroperitoneal neoplasm, and the aim of the present study was to discuss the experience at the São Paulo Cancer Institute and Clinics Hospital of University of São Paulo Medical School, São Paulo, Brazil...
October 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052073/laparoscopy-for-primary-cytoreduction-with-multivisceral-resections-in-advanced-ovarian-cancer-prospective-validation-the-times-they-are-a-changin
#10
Marcello Ceccaroni, Giovanni Roviglione, Francesco Bruni, Roberto Clarizia, Giacomo Ruffo, Matteo Salgarello, Michele Peiretti, Stefano Uccella
BACKGROUND: Primary cytoreduction is the mainstay of treatment for advanced ovarian cancer (AOC). We developed and prospectively evaluated an algorithm to investigate the possible role of laparoscopic primary cytoreduction (LPC) in carefully selected patients, with AOC. METHODS: From June 2007 to July 2015, all patients with stage III-IV ovarian cancer and clinical conditions allowing aggressive surgery were candidate to primary cytoreduction with the aim of achieving residual tumor (RT) = 0...
October 19, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024228/de-novo-hepatocellular-carcinoma-post-multivisceral-transplantation-in-a-child
#11
P Tran, S Zhou, L Wang, M Finegold, L Mascarenas, S Alexopolous, Y Genyk, N Kerkar
De novo hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) post-transplantation in patients without viral hepatitis is extremely rare, with only three reported adult cases in the English literature. Here, we present a case of de novo HCC that developed in a 7-year-old female, who at 8 months of age received a liver, small bowel, spleen, and pancreas transplantation 6.5 years ago for gastroschisis and total parenteral nutrition (TPN)-related cirrhosis. The post-transplant course was complicated by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection, post-transplant lymphoproliferative disease, and subsequent development of multifocal EBV-associated post-transplant smooth muscle tumors (EBV-PTSMT) in the small bowel 1 year and 10 months after transplantation, respectively...
November 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017264/application-of-precision-medicine-through-the-molecular-characterization-of-extensively-drug-resistant-klebsiella-pneumoniae-in-a-multivisceral-transplant-patient
#12
Rossana Rosa, Susan D Rudin, Laura J Rojas, Armando Perez-Cardona, Laura Aragon, David P Nicolau, Federico Perez, Andrea M Hujer, Akin Tekin, Octavio Martinez, Jose F Camargo, Robert A Bonomo, Lilian M Abbo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964481/pediatric-pancreas-transplantation-including-total-pancreatectomy-with-islet-autotransplantation
#13
Alexander J Bondoc, Maisam Abu-El-Haija, Jaimie D Nathan
Unlike other solid-organ transplants, whole pancreas transplantation in children is relatively rare, and it occurs more frequently in the context of multivisceral or composite organ transplantation. Because children only infrequently suffer severe sequelae of type 1 diabetes mellitus, pancreas transplantation is rarely indicated in the pediatric population. More commonly, pediatric pancreas transplant occurs in the setting of incapacitating acute recurrent or chronic pancreatitis, specifically islet autotransplantation after total pancreatectomy...
August 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943396/pancreatectomy-combined-with-multivisceral-resection-for-pancreatic-malignancies-is-it-justified-results-of-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Niccolò Petrucciani, Tarek Debs, Giuseppe Nigri, Giulia Giannini, Elena Sborlini, Radwan Kassir, Imed Ben Amor, Antonio Iannelli, Stefano Valabrega, Francesco D'Angelo, Jean Gugenheim, Giovanni Ramacciato
BACKGROUND: Multivisceral resections combined with pancreatectomy have been proposed in selected patients with tumor invasion into adjacent organs, in order to allow complete tumor resection. Some authors have also reported multivisceral resection combined with metastasectomy in very selected cases. The utility of this practice is debated. The aim of the review is to compare the postoperative results and survival of pancreatectomies combined with multivisceral resections with those of standard pancreatectomies...
September 21, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940122/prognostic-factors-affecting-survival-after-multivisceral-resection-in-patients-with-clinical-t4b-gastric-cancer
#15
Kazuhito Mita, Hideto Ito, Toshio Katsube, Ayaka Tsuboi, Nobuyoshi Yamazaki, Hideki Asakawa, Takashi Hayashi, Keiichi Fujino
BACKGROUND: The prognosis and survival of patients with advanced gastric cancer is poor. Although completeness of resection (R0) is one of the most important factors affecting survival, multivisceral resection (MVR) for locally advanced (clinical T4b, cT4b) gastric cancer remains controversial. The aim of this study was to evaluate the factors affecting prognosis and survival after MVR in patients with cT4b gastric cancer. METHODS: Between 2005 and 2015, we retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 103 patients who underwent MVR for cT4b gastric cancer with suspected direct invasion to adjacent organs...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921903/risk-factors-for-postoperative-ileus-after-colorectal-cancer-surgery
#16
E G Rybakov, Y A Shelygin, E A Khomyakov, I V Zarodniuk
AIM: To assess the rate and independent risk factors of postoperative ileus (POI) after colorectal cancer surgery. METHODS: Three hundred consecutive patients underwent colorectal surgery for cancer at the State Scientific Centre of coloproctology, Moscow, Russia, between November 2015 and August 2016. POI was diagnosed as an absence of intestinal function for 72 hours or more after operation and confirmed by plain radiography. Uni- and multivariate logistic regression of the tumour-, patient- and treatment-related factors was performed...
September 16, 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895102/the-impact-of-nodal-dissection-on-staging-in-adrenocortical-carcinoma
#17
Suraj Panjwani, Maureen D Moore, Katherine D Gray, Brendan M Finnerty, Toni Beninato, Laurent Brunaud, Thomas J Fahey, Rasa Zarnegar
BACKGROUND: The role of lymphadenectomy in adrenocortical carcinoma (ACC) is controversial, and formal lymph node (LN) dissection is not routine. We sought to determine the minimum number of LNs that must be examined to accurately identify a patient as node negative. METHODS: The National Cancer Database was used to identify patients diagnosed with ACC from 2004 to 2013 who underwent surgical resection. Patients with distant metastases, multivisceral resection, or missing surgical or lymphadenectomy data were excluded...
November 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854959/hemophagocytic-lymphohistiocytosis-presenting-in-a-pediatric-patient-with-near-total-colonic-and-small-bowel-aganglionosis-a-case-report
#18
Brittany Badal, Michael J Wilsey, Sara Karjoo
BACKGROUND: Total colonic and small bowel aganglionosis is a rare condition typically requiring intestinal transplant for long-term survival. There have not been any previously reported cases of near total intestinal aganglionosis complicated by concerns for hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis and need for both multivisceral organ transplant and hematopoietic stem cell transplant. CASE PRESENTATION: Our patient is a 35-month-old Egyptian boy who presented with bilious emesis and failure to pass meconium shortly after birth...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851346/metachronous-solitary-splenic-metastasis-arising-from-early-gastric-cancer-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#19
Tsutomu Namikawa, Yasuhiro Kawanishi, Kazune Fujisawa, Eri Munekage, Masaya Munekage, Takahito Sugase, Hiromichi Maeda, Hiroyuki Kitagawa, Tatsuya Kumon, Makoto Hiroi, Michiya Kobayashi, Kazuhiro Hanazaki
BACKGROUND: The metastasis of malignant tumors to the spleen is rare, and only a small percentage of cases can be treated surgically, as splenic metastases generally occur in the context of multivisceral metastatic cancer at a terminal stage. We report a rare case of metachronous solitary splenic metastasis arising from early gastric cancer. CASE PRESENTATION: A 75-year-old man was initially referred to our hospital for examination of gastric cancer, diagnosed at a medical check-up...
August 29, 2017: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819886/robotic-versus-laparoscopic-pancreaticoduodenectomy-a-nsqip-analysis
#20
Ibrahim Nassour, Sam C Wang, Matthew R Porembka, Adam C Yopp, Michael A Choti, Mathew M Augustine, Patricio M Polanco, John C Mansour, Rebecca M Minter
BACKGROUND: An increasing body of literature is supporting the safety of minimally invasive pancreaticoduodenectomy compared to open pancreaticoduodenectomy, but there are limited comparative studies between laparoscopic and robotic pancreaticoduodenectomy. The aim of this study was to compare the rate of postoperative 30-day overall complications between laparoscopic and robotic pancreaticoduodenectomy. METHODS: Patients who underwent laparoscopic and robotic pancreaticoduodenectomy were abstracted from the 2014-2015 pancreas-targeted American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program...
November 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
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