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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345989/assembly-of-copi-and-copii-vesicular-coat-proteins-on-membranes
#1
Julien Béthune, Felix T Wieland
In eukaryotes, distinct transport vesicles functionally connect various intracellular compartments. These carriers mediate transport of membranes for the biogenesis and maintenance of organelles, secretion of cargo proteins and peptides, and uptake of cargo into the cell. Transport vesicles have distinct protein coats that assemble on a donor membrane where they can select cargo and curve the membrane to form a bud. A multitude of structural elements of coat proteins have been solved by X-ray crystallography...
January 18, 2018: Annual Review of Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300766/sec16a-a-key-protein-in-copii-vesicle-formation-regulates-the-stability-and-localization-of-the-novel-ubiquitin-ligase-rnf183
#2
Yan Wu, Xiao Peng Guo, Soshi Kanemoto, Yujiro Maeoka, Atsushi Saito, Rie Asada, Koji Matsuhisa, Yosuke Ohtake, Kazunori Imaizumi, Masayuki Kaneko
We identified 37 ubiquitin ligases containing RING-finger and transmembrane domains. Of these, we found that RNF183 is abundantly expressed in the kidney. RNF183 predominantly localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), Golgi, and lysosome. We identified Sec16A, which is involved in coat protein complex II vesicle formation, as an RNF183-interacting protein. RNF183 colocalized with Sec16A and interacted through the central conserved domain (CCD) of Sec16A. Although Sec16A is not a substrate for RNF183, RNF183 was more rapidly degraded by the ER-associated degradation (ERAD) in the absence of Sec16A...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276723/cell-free-generation-of-copii-coated-procollagen-i-carriers
#3
Lin Yuan, Satoshi Baba, Kanika Bajaj, Randy Schekman
The aim of this protocol is to generate COPII-coated procollagen I (PC1) carriers in a cell-free reaction. The COPII-coated PC1 carriers were reconstituted from donor membrane, cytosol, purified recombinant COPII proteins, and nucleotides. This protocol describes the preparation of donor membrane and cytosol, the assembly of the reaction, and the isolation and detection of reconstituted COPII-coated carriers. This cell-free reaction can be used to test conditions that stimulate or suppress the packaging of PC1 into COPII-coated carriers...
November 20, 2017: Bio-protocol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161034/dynamic-glycosylation-governs-the-vertebrate-copii-protein-trafficking-pathway
#4
Nathan J Cox, Gokhan Unlu, Brittany J Bisnett, Thomas R Meister, Brett Condon, Peter M Luo, Tim J Smith, Michael Hanna, Abhishek Chhetri, Erik J Soderblom, Anjon Audhya, Ela W Knapik, Michael Boyce
The COPII coat complex, which mediates secretory cargo trafficking from the endoplasmic reticulum, is a key control point for subcellular protein targeting. Because misdirected proteins cannot function, protein sorting by COPII is critical for establishing and maintaining normal cell and tissue homeostasis. Indeed, mutations in COPII genes cause a range of human pathologies, including cranio-lenticulo-sutural dysplasia (CLSD), which is characterized by collagen trafficking defects, craniofacial abnormalities and skeletal dysmorphology...
November 21, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133483/ctage5-deletion-in-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cells-impairs-proinsulin-trafficking-and-insulin-biogenesis-in-mice
#5
Junwan Fan, Yaqing Wang, Liang Liu, Hongsheng Zhang, Feng Zhang, Lei Shi, Mei Yu, Fei Gao, Zhiheng Xu
Proinsulin is synthesized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in pancreatic β cells and transported to the Golgi apparatus for proper processing and secretion into plasma. Defects in insulin biogenesis may cause diabetes. However, the underlying mechanisms for proinsulin transport are still not fully understood. We show that β cell-specific deletion of cTAGE5, also known as Mea6, leads to increased ER stress, reduced insulin biogenesis in the pancreas, and severe glucose intolerance in mice. We reveal that cTAGE5/MEA6 interacts with vesicle membrane soluble N-ethyl-maleimide sensitive factor attachment protein receptor Sec22b...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112302/tmd1-domain-and-crac-motif-determine-the-association-and-disassociation-of-mxirt1-with-detergent-resistant-membranes
#6
Song Tan, Peng Zhang, Wei Xiao, Bing Feng, Lan-You Chen, Shuang Li, Peng Li, Wei-Zhong Zhao, Xiao-Ting Qi, Li-Ping Yin
Iron is essential for most living organisms. The iron-regulated transporter1 (IRT1) plays a major role in iron uptake in roots, and its trafficking from endoplasmic reticulum (ER) to plasma membrane (PM) is tightly coordinated with changes in iron environment. However, studies on IRT1 response are limited. Here, we report that Malus xiaojinesis IRT1 (MxIRT1) associates with detergent-resistant membranes (DRMs, a biochemical counterpart of PM microdomains), whereas the PM microdomains are known platforms for signal transduction in the PM...
November 7, 2017: Traffic
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093729/an-update-on-the-intracellular-and-intercellular-trafficking-of-carmoviruses
#7
REVIEW
José A Navarro, Vicente Pallás
Despite harboring the smallest genomes among plant RNA viruses, carmoviruses have emerged as an ideal model system for studying essential steps of the viral cycle including intracellular and intercellular trafficking. Two small movement proteins, formerly known as double gene block proteins (DGBp1 and DGBp2), have been involved in the movement throughout the plant of some members of carmovirus genera. DGBp1 RNA-binding capability was indispensable for cell-to-cell movement indicating that viral genomes must interact with DGBp1 to be transported...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074889/unravelling-pathways-downstream-sox6-induction-in-k562-erythroid-cells-by-proteomic-analysis
#8
Gloria Barbarani, Antonella Ronchi, Margherita Ruoppolo, Lucia Santorelli, Robert Steinfelder, Sudharshan Elangovan, Cristina Fugazza, Marianna Caterino
The Sox6 transcription factor is crucial for terminal maturation of definitive red blood cells. Sox6-null mouse fetuses present misshapen and nucleated erythrocytes, due to impaired actin assembly and cytoskeleton stability. These defects are accompanied with a reduced survival of Sox6(-/-) red blood cells, resulting in a compensated anemia. Sox6-overexpression in K562 cells and in human primary ex vivo erythroid cultures enhances erythroid differentiation and leads to hemoglobinization, the hallmark of erythroid maturation...
October 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29068315/inhibition-of-cholesterol-biosynthesis-through-rnf145-dependent-ubiquitination-of-scap
#9
Li Zhang, Prashant Rajbhandari, Christina Priest, Jaspreet Sandhu, Xiaohui Wu, Ryan Temel, Antonio Castrillo, Thomas Q de Aguiar Vallim, Tamer Sallam, Peter Tontonoz
Cholesterol homeostasis is maintained through concerted action of the SREBPs and LXRs. Here, we report that RNF145, a previously uncharacterized ER membrane ubiquitin ligase, participates in crosstalk between these critical signaling pathways. RNF145 expression is induced in response to LXR activation and high-cholesterol diet feeding. Transduction of RNF145 into mouse liver inhibits the expression of genes involved in cholesterol biosynthesis and reduces plasma cholesterol levels. Conversely, acute suppression of RNF145 via shRNA-mediated knockdown, or chronic inactivation of RNF145 by genetic deletion, potentiates the expression of cholesterol biosynthetic genes and increases cholesterol levels both in liver and plasma...
October 25, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026155/trk-fused-gene-tfg-regulates-pancreatic-%C3%AE-cell-mass-and-insulin-secretory-activity
#10
Takeshi Yamamotoya, Yusuke Nakatsu, Akifumi Kushiyama, Yasuka Matsunaga, Koji Ueda, Yuki Inoue, Masa-Ki Inoue, Hideyuki Sakoda, Midori Fujishiro, Hiraku Ono, Hiroshi Kiyonari, Hisamitsu Ishihara, Tomoichiro Asano
The Trk-fused gene (TFG) is reportedly involved in the process of COPII-mediated vesicle transport and missense mutations in TFG cause several neurodegenerative diseases including hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy with proximal dominant involvement (HMSN-P). The high coincidence ratio between HMSN-P and diabetes mellitus suggests TFG to have an important role(s) in glucose homeostasis. To examine this possibility, β-cell specific TFG knockout mice (βTFG KO) were generated. Interestingly, βTFG KO displayed marked glucose intolerance with reduced insulin secretion...
October 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993693/uroplakin-traffic-through-the-golgi-apparatus-induces-its-fragmentation-new-insights-from-novel-in-vitro-models
#11
Tanja Višnjar, Giancarlo Chesi, Simona Iacobacci, Elena Polishchuk, Nataša Resnik, Horst Robenek, Marko Kreft, Rok Romih, Roman Polishchuk, Mateja Erdani Kreft
Uroplakins (UPs) play an essential role in maintaining an effective urothelial permeability barrier at the level of superficial urothelial cell (UC) layer. Although the organization of UPs in the apical plasma membrane (PM) of UCs is well known, their transport in UCs is only partially understood. Here, we dissected trafficking of UPs and its differentiation-dependent impact on Golgi apparatus (GA) architecture. We demonstrated that individual subunits UPIb and UPIIIa are capable of trafficking from the endoplasmic reticulum to the GA in UCs...
October 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973870/correction-for-hanna-et-al-tfg-facilitates-outer-coat-disassembly-on-copii-transport-carriers-to-promote-tethering-and-fusion-with-er-golgi-intermediate-compartments
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962860/key-components-of-copi-and-copii-machineries-are-required-for-chikungunya-virus-replication
#13
Na Zhang, Leiliang Zhang
The infection of CHIKV is associated with cellular membranes; however whether early secretory pathways are involved in CHIKV replication remains unclear. In the present study, we have provided initial evidences that CHIKV requires both COPI and COPII for its replication. Small interfering RNAs against COPI components, including coatomer, ARFs or GBF1, suppress CHIKV replication. Moreover, CHIKV infection is abolished by the presence of ARF1 inhibitor brefeldin A or GBF1 inhibitor golgicide A. In addition, perturbation of COPII by silencing key components of COPII pathways leads to a reduction in CHIKV replication...
November 25, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927260/the-roles-of-the-snare-protein-sed5-in-autophagy-in-saccharomyces-cerevisiae
#14
Shenshen Zou, Dan Sun, Yongheng Liang
Autophagy is a degradation pathway in eukaryotic cells in which aging proteins and organelles are sequestered into double-membrane vesicles, termed autophagosomes, which fuse with vacuoles to hydrolyze cargo. The key step in autophagy is the formation of autophagosomes, which requires different kinds of vesicles, including COPII vesicles and Atg9-containing vesicles, to transport lipid double-membranes to the phagophore assembly site (PAS). In yeast, the cis-Golgi localized t-SNARE protein Sed5 plays a role in endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-Golgi and intra-Golgi vesicular transport...
September 30, 2017: Molecules and Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879181/regulation-of-the-sar1-gtpase-cycle-is-necessary-for-large-cargo-secretion-from-the-endoplasmic-reticulum
#15
REVIEW
Kota Saito, Miharu Maeda, Toshiaki Katada
Proteins synthesized within the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) are transported to the Golgi via coat protein complex II (COPII)-coated vesicles. The formation of COPII-coated vesicles is regulated by the GTPase cycle of Sar1. Activated Sar1 is recruited to ER membranes and forms a pre-budding complex with cargoes and the inner-coat complex. The outer-coat complex then stimulates Sar1 inactivation and completes vesicle formation. The mechanisms of forming transport carriers are well-conserved among species; however, in mammalian cells, several cargo molecules such as collagen, and chylomicrons are too large to be accommodated in conventional COPII-coated vesicles...
2017: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871045/loss-of-arabidopsis-p24-function-affects-erd2-traffic-and-golgi-structure-and-activates-the-unfolded-protein-response
#16
Noelia Pastor-Cantizano, Cesar Bernat-Silvestre, María Jesús Marcote, Fernando Aniento
p24 proteins are key regulators of protein trafficking along the secretory pathway but very little is known about their functions in plants. A quadruple loss-of-function mutant affecting the p24 genes from the δ-1 subclass of the p24 delta subfamily (p24δ3δ4δ5δ6) showed alterations in the Golgi apparatus, suggesting that these p24 proteins play a role in the organization of the compartments of the early secretory pathway in Arabidopsis Loss of p24δ-1 proteins also induced the accumulation of the K/HDEL receptor ERD2 at the Golgi apparatus and increased secretion of the ER chaperone BiP, an HDEL ligand, probably due to an inhibition of COPI-dependent Golgi-to-ER transport of ERD2 and thus retrieval of K/HDEL ligands...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869000/similarities-in-intracellular-transport-of-plant-viral-movement-proteins-bmb2-and-tgb3
#17
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Ekaterina A Lazareva, Alexander A Lezzhov, Sergey A Golyshev, Sergey Y Morozov, Manfred Heinlein, Andrey G Solovyev
The cell-to-cell transport of many plant viruses through plasmodesmata requires viral movement proteins (MPs) encoded by a 'triple gene block' (TGB) and termed TGB1, TGB2 and TGB3. TGB3 is a small integral membrane protein that contains subcellular targeting signals and directs both TGB2 and the helicase domain-containing TGB1 protein to plasmodesmata-associated structures. Recently, we described a 'binary movement block' (BMB) coding for two MPs, BMB1 and BMB2. The BMB2 protein associates with endoplasmic reticulum (ER) membranes, accumulates at plasmodesmata-associated membrane bodies and directs the BMB1 helicase to these structures...
September 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851831/tfg-facilitates-outer-coat-disassembly-on-copii-transport-carriers-to-promote-tethering-and-fusion-with-er-golgi-intermediate-compartments
#18
Michael G Hanna, Samuel Block, E B Frankel, Feng Hou, Adam Johnson, Lin Yuan, Gavin Knight, James J Moresco, John R Yates, Randolph Ashton, Randy Schekman, Yufeng Tong, Anjon Audhya
The conserved coat protein complex II (COPII) mediates the initial steps of secretory protein trafficking by assembling onto subdomains of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) in two layers to generate cargo-laden transport carriers that ultimately fuse with an adjacent ER-Golgi intermediate compartment (ERGIC). Here, we demonstrate that Trk-fused gene (TFG) binds directly to the inner layer of the COPII coat. Specifically, the TFG C terminus interacts with Sec23 through a shared interface with the outer COPII coat and the cargo receptor Tango1/cTAGE5...
September 12, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839076/golgi-entry-core-compartment-functions-as-the-copii-independent-scaffold-for-er-golgi-transport-in-plant-cells
#19
Yoko Ito, Tomohiro Uemura, Akihiko Nakano
Many questions remain about how the stacked structure of the Golgi apparatus is formed and maintained. In our previous study, we challenged this question using tobacco BY-2 cells and revealed that, upon Brefeldin A (BFA) treatment, previously undescribed small punctate structures containing a particular subset of cis-Golgi proteins are formed adjacent to the ER exit sites and act as the scaffold of Golgi regeneration after BFA removal. In this study, we have analyzed these structures further. The proteins that localize to these punctate structures originate from the cis-most cisternae...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801610/creb3l2-mediated-expression-of-sec23a-sec24d-is-involved-in-hepatic-stellate-cell-activation-through-er-golgi-transport
#20
Shotaro Tomoishi, Shinichi Fukushima, Kentaro Shinohara, Toshiaki Katada, Kota Saito
Hepatic fibrosis is caused by exaggerated wound healing response to chronic injury, which eventually leads to hepatic cirrhosis. Differentiation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) to myofibroblast-like cells by inflammatory cytokines is the critical step in fibrosis. This step is accompanied by enlargement of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and Golgi apparatus, suggesting that protein synthesis and secretion are augmented in the activated HSCs. However, the process of rearrangement of secretory organelles and their functions remain to be fully elucidated...
August 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
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