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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284445/mapping-standard-ophthalmic-outcome-sets-to-metrics-currently-reported-in-eight-eye-hospitals
#1
Monica Michelotti, Dirk F de Korne, Jennifer S Weizer, Paul P Lee, Declan Flanagan, Simon P Kelly, Anne Odergren, Sukhpal S Sandhu, Charity Wai, Niek Klazinga, Aravind Haripriya, Joshua D Stein, Melanie Hingorani
BACKGROUND: To determine alignment of proposed international standard outcomes sets for ophthalmic conditions to metrics currently reported by eye hospitals. METHODS: Mixed methods comparative benchmark study, including eight eye hospitals in Australia, India, Singapore, Sweden, U.K., and U.S. All are major international tertiary care and training centers in ophthalmology. Main outcome measure is consistency of ophthalmic outcomes measures reported. RESULTS: International agreed standard outcomes (ICHOM) sets are available for cataract surgery (10 metrics) and macular degeneration (7 metrics)...
December 29, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259912/smartphones-tele-ophthalmology-and-vision-2020
#2
REVIEW
Mehrdad Mohammadpour, Zahra Heidari, Masoud Mirghorbani, Hassan Hashemi
Telemedicine is an emerging field in recent medical achievements with rapid development. The "smartphone" availability has increased in both developed and developing countries even among people in rural and remotes areas. Tele-based services can be used for screening ophthalmic diseases and also monitoring patients with known diseases. Electronic ophthalmologic records of the patients including captured images by smartphones from anterior and posterior segments of the eye will be evaluated by ophthalmologists, and if patients require further evaluations, they will be referred to experts in the relevant field...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100897/multiple-deprivation-vision-loss-and-ophthalmic-disease-in-adults-global-perspectives
#3
REVIEW
M Lane, V Lane, J Abbott, T Braithwaite, P Shah, A K Denniston
The association between socio-economic position and morbidity and mortality has long been recognised. We evaluate the evidence for an association between multiple aspects of deprivation and ocular health in a global context. This is a systematic review of studies that evaluated deprivation in the adult population in the context of the major acquired causes of visual loss such as cataract, diabetic eye disease, glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, and ocular trauma. The search strategy identified relevant studies reported between 1946 to August 2016, with randomized control trials, case control, cohort and cross-sectional study designs being selected for inclusion...
October 31, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032195/global-causes-of-blindness-and-distance-vision-impairment-1990-2020-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Seth R Flaxman, Rupert R A Bourne, Serge Resnikoff, Peter Ackland, Tasanee Braithwaite, Maria V Cicinelli, Aditi Das, Jost B Jonas, Jill Keeffe, John H Kempen, Janet Leasher, Hans Limburg, Kovin Naidoo, Konrad Pesudovs, Alex Silvester, Gretchen A Stevens, Nina Tahhan, Tien Y Wong, Hugh R Taylor
BACKGROUND: Contemporary data for causes of vision impairment and blindness form an important basis of recommendations in public health policies. Refreshment of the Global Vision Database with recently published data sources permitted modelling of cause of vision loss data from 1990 to 2015, further disaggregation by cause, and forecasts to 2020. METHODS: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we analysed published and unpublished population-based data for the causes of vision impairment and blindness from 1980 to 2014...
October 10, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944207/predictive-factors-of-visual-outcome-of-malaysian-cataract-patients-a-retrospective-study
#5
Thanigasalam Thevi, Myron Anthony Godinho
AIM: To explore the associations between various characteristics of Malaysian cataract patients and their management, and their post-operative visual outcomes, to inform relevant bodies to reduce cataract-related blindness. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive secondary data analysis of cataract surgery patients in Melaka Hospital, from 2007 to 2014 using the National Eye Database (NED). Patient-related factors (demographic features, systemic and ocular comorbidities) and management-related factors (surgical duration, type of surgery, type of lens) were analysed for their association with visual outcome (acuity)...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933356/the-association-between-dietary-intake-of-antioxidants-and-ocular-disease
#6
Andrea Braakhuis, Ryan Raman, Ehsan Vaghefi
To assess the association between dietary antioxidant intake and the incidence of the three major oxidative stress-related eye diseases, cataracts, glaucoma, and age-related macular degeneration, 78 cases from the University of Auckland Optometry and Vision Science clinic and 149 controls were recruited. Participants completed an antioxidant food-frequency questionnaire, analysed through multiple logistic regression. Protective associations were identified with higher consumption of fruit and vegetables (OR = 0...
January 30, 2017: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821861/the-validity-of-self-report-of-eye-diseases-in-participants-with-vision-loss-in-the-national-eye-health-survey
#7
Joshua Foreman, Jing Xie, Stuart Keel, Peter van Wijngaarden, Hugh R Taylor, Mohamed Dirani
We assessed the validity and reliability of self-report of eye disease in participants with unilateral vision loss (presenting visual acuity worse than 6/12 in the worse eye and equal to or better than 6/12 in the better eye) or bilateral vision loss (presenting visual acuity worse than 6/12 in the better eye) in Australia's National Eye Health Survey. In total, 1738 Indigenous Australians and 3098 non-Indigenous Australians were sampled from 30 sites. Participants underwent a questionnaire and self-reported their eye disease histories...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811796/visual-outcome-after-phacoemulsification-with-lens-implant-in-diabetic-and-non-diabetic-patients-a-comparative-study
#8
Abdul Rashid Shaikh, Abdul Haleem Mirani, Muhammad Saleh Memon, Muhammad Faisal Fahim
OBJECTIVE: To compare the visual outcomes of phacoemulsification surgery with intraocular lens (IOL) in persons with and without diabetes at end of follow-up. METHODS: This was a comparative, cross sectional, observational study with Non-probability, purposive sampling. After approval from "Research Ethical Committee of Isra Post-graduate Institute of Ophthalmology Karachi, 92 patients with cataract in one eye were selected. Patients were divided into two groups...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607177/burden-of-vision-loss-associated-with-eye-disease-in-china-1990-2020-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#9
Bingsong Wang, Nathan Congdon, Rupert Bourne, Yichong Li, Kai Cao, Aiping Zhao, Mayinuer Yusufu, Wenlan Dong, Maigeng Zhou, Ningli Wang
AIMS: To assess the burden of vision loss due to eye disease in China between 1990 and 2015, and to predict the burden in 2020. METHODS: Data from the GBD 2015 (Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015) were used. The main outcome measures were prevalence and years lived with disability (YLDs) for vision loss due to cataract, glaucoma, macular degeneration, other vision loss, refraction and accommodation disorders and trachoma. RESULTS: Prevalence for eye diseases increased steadily from 1990 to 2015, and will increase until 2020...
June 12, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582804/food-components-and-ocular-pathophysiology-a-critical-appraisal-of-the-role-of-oxidative-mechanisms
#10
Reinlesh Raman, Ehsan Vaghefi, Andrea J Braakhuis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Three of the major ocular diseases, namely cataracts, age-related macular degeneration and glaucoma are associated with oxidative damage. Disease risk and progression may be reduced through consumption of dietary components. To critically examine the literature on dietary and supplemental intakes of fruit and vegetables, meat, antioxidants (vitamins C, E and A), calcium, folate, iron, and their association with ocular disease. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Google Scholar and key references from texts and publications were searched using search terms (eye disease, antioxidants), (vision, nutrition), no date restriction, only articles in English were included...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091428/refractive-aim-and-visual-outcome-after-phacoemulsification-a-2-year-review-from-a-tertiary-private-eye-hospital-in-sub-saharan-africa
#11
O Oderinlo, A O Hassan, F O Oluyadi, A O Ogunro, O N Okonkwo, M O Ulaikere, O Ashano
AIM: To review the short-term visual outcome of phacoemulsification in adults with uncomplicated cataracts in Eye Foundation Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of records of patients that had phacoemulsification between January 2012 and December 2013 in Eye Foundation Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria, was done. Preoperative visual acuity, refractive aim, intraoperative complications, postoperative unaided, and best-corrected visual acuity at 1 and 3 months were analyzed...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006748/a-focus-on-resveratrol-and-ocular-problems-especially-cataract-from-chemistry-to-medical-uses-and-clinical-relevance
#12
REVIEW
Ganesh Goutham, Ramar Manikandan, Manikandan Beulaja, Raman Thiagarajan, Chinnasamy Arulvasu, Munusamy Arumugam, William N Setzer, Maria Daglia, Seyed Fazel Nabavi, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi
Low vision and blindness are important health problems that affect millions of people throughout the world. The most common and important pathologies are diabetic retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma as well as cataracts. The latter consists of an opacification of the lens of the eye which impedes the passage of light and represents one of the most important causes of vision loss. Among the risk factors for cataract development, there are life-style factors such as the use of tobacco, abuse of alcohol and unhealthy diet...
February 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982213/repeatability-of-contrast-sensitivity-testing-in-patients-with-age-related-macular-degeneration-glaucoma-and-cataract
#13
Selcuk Kara, Baran Gencer, Ismail Ersan, Sedat Arikan, Omer Kocabiyik, Hasan Ali Tufan, ArzuTaskiran Comez
Purpose: To analyze the intrasession and intersession repeatability of contrast sensitivity (CS) measurements in patients with glaucoma, cataract, or age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and healthy controls. Methods: CS measurements were performed using the OPTEC-Functional Vision Analyzer (FVA), which uses a standardized and closed (view-in) system. Measurements for patients with glaucoma, cataract, or AMD and healthy controls were repeated within 30 minutes (intrasession) and during two sessions (intersession), separated by one week to one month...
September 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917530/visual-complications-in-diabetes-mellitus-beyond-retinopathy
#14
REVIEW
A Khan, I N Petropoulos, G Ponirakis, R A Malik
Diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of vision loss in people with diabetes mellitus; however, other causes of visual impairment/loss include other retinal and non-retinal visual problems, including glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy and cataracts. Additionally, when a person with diabetes complains of visual disturbance despite a visual acuity of 6/6, abnormalities in refraction, contrast sensitivity, straylight and amplitude of accommodation should be considered...
April 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565988/vision-impairment-and-major-eye-diseases-reduce-vision-specific-emotional-well-being-in-a-chinese-population
#15
Eva K Fenwick, Peng Guan Ong, Ryan E K Man, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Ching-Yu Cheng, Tien Y Wong, Ecosse L Lamoureux
AIMS: To assess the relationship between vision impairment (VI) and major eye diseases, with vision-specific emotional well-being in a Chinese population. METHODS: In this population-based cross-sectional study, 3353 Chinese participants aged 40-80 years answered the emotional well-being scale of the Impact of Vision Impairment questionnaire, validated using Rasch analysis. Participants underwent visual acuity testing and collection of sociodemographic and medical data from standardised questionnaires...
May 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490785/public-attitudes-about-eye-and-vision-health
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Adrienne W Scott, Neil M Bressler, Suzanne Ffolkes, John S Wittenborn, James Jorkasky
Importance: Understanding the importance of eye health to the US population across ethnic and racial groups helps guide strategies to preserve vision in Americans and inform policy makers regarding priority of eye research to Americans. Objective: To understand the importance and awareness of eye health in the US population across ethnic and racial groups. Design, Setting, and Participants: Online nationwide poll created by experienced policy makers in August 2014 designed to understand the importance of eye health in the US population, although the poll was not subjected previously to formal construct-validity testing...
October 1, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27479624/vision-loss-in-older-adults
#17
REVIEW
Allen L Pelletier, Ledy Rojas-Roldan, Janis Coffin
Vision loss affects 37 million Americans older than 50 years and one in four who are older than 80 years. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force concludes that current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for impaired visual acuity in adults older than 65 years. However, family physicians play a critical role in identifying persons who are at risk of vision loss, counseling patients, and referring patients for disease-specific treatment. The conditions that cause most cases of vision loss in older patients are age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma, ocular complications of diabetes mellitus, and age-related cataracts...
August 1, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27467140/association-of-vision-impairment-and-major-eye-diseases-with-mobility-and-independence-in-a-chinese-population
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Eva K Fenwick, Peng Guan Ong, Ryan Eyn Kidd Man, Ching-Yu Cheng, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Tien Y Wong, Ecosse L Lamoureux
Importance: Mobility limitations arising from vision impairment (VI) can result in loss of independence and reduced quality of life. However, few data are available on the association between VI and mobility limitations at a population-based level, particularly in Asian populations. Objective: To assess the association of VI and major eye diseases with mobility and independence (M&I) in a Chinese population. Design, Setting, and Participants: The Singapore Chinese Eye Study (February 9, 2009, to December 19, 2011) was a population-based, cross-sectional study of 3353 persons aged 40 to 80 years of Chinese ethnicity...
October 1, 2016: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27191960/the-impact-of-vision-impairment-ivi-questionnaire-validation-of-the-thai-version-and-the-implementation-on-vision-related-quality-of-life-in-thai-rural-community
#19
Mansing Ratanasukon, Jongjit Tongsomboon, Patama Bhurayanontachai, Pichai Jirarattanasopa
The objective of this study is to validate the Thai-version of the impact of vision impairment (IVI) questionnaire and to evaluate its impact on vision-related quality of life (VRQoL) in southern Thailand. The IVI questionnaire was translated into Thai according to WHO translation guidelines. In addition to the routine ophthalmological examinations, a Thai version of the IVI questionnaire was administered to all participants. A total of 120 patients with visual impairment who presented at Songklanagarind hospital, Songkhla province, were enrolled in the study; 30 had age-related macular degeneration (AMD), 30 had cataract, 30 had diabetic retinopathy, 30 had glaucoma, and 30 non-visually impaired individuals comprised the control group...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27139360/epidemiology-of-eye-diseases-and-infrastructure-of-ophthalmology-in-poland
#20
Olga Partyka, Mirosław J Wysocki
ADMISSION: Untreated eye diseases are the leading cause of blindness in the world. Most people suffering from visual impairment is in the age group above 50 years of age. As many as 82% of people in this group is suffering from eye diseases. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to present the epidemiology of eye diseases and state of infrastructure of ophthalmology in Poland. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Based on data by WHO prepared review of world and Polish literature on issues in the field of ophthalmology and epidemiology of eye diseases...
2015: Przegla̧d Epidemiologiczny
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