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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748945/causes-of-low-vision-and-blindness-in-a-turkish-adult-population-the-izmir-eye-study
#1
Feray Koç, Veysi Erden, Nazife Sefi-Yurdakul
Background: Data from Turkey show that sense organ diseases were the second leading cause of years lost due to disability in 2015. However, there are no reliable data on either the baseline causative disorders of visual impairment or the burden of these disorders on the population in Izmir region. Izmir is the third most populated city of Turkey with a population of approximately 4.2 million. Aim: The purpose of this study was to define the baseline disorders causing low vision and blindness in accordance with World Health Organization criteria in an adult population in Izmir...
May 3, 2018: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29556090/cognitive-function-and-ophthalmological-diseases-the-beijing-eye-study
#2
Jost B Jonas, Wen Bin Wei, Li Ping Zhu, Liang Xu, Ya Xing Wang
To examine associations between cognitive function and ophthalmological parameters, the population-based Beijing Eye Study examined ophthalmologically and physically 3127 individuals (mean age: 64.2 ± 9.8 years). Using the mini-mental state examination, cognitive function was assessed as cognitive function score (CFS). Mean CFS was 26.3 ± 3.7 (median: 27; range: 2-30). Prevalence of mild (CFS: 23-19), moderate (CFS: 18-10) and severe cognitive dysfunction was 9.6% (95% confidence interval (CI): 8...
March 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29545417/prevalence-and-causes-of-vision-loss-in-high-income-countries-and-in-eastern-and-central-europe-in-2015-magnitude-temporal-trends-and-projections
#3
Rupert R A Bourne, Jost B Jonas, Alain M Bron, Maria Vittoria Cicinelli, Aditi Das, Seth R Flaxman, David S Friedman, Jill E Keeffe, John H Kempen, Janet Leasher, Hans Limburg, Kovin Naidoo, Konrad Pesudovs, Tunde Peto, Jinan Saadine, Alexander J Silvester, Nina Tahhan, Hugh R Taylor, Rohit Varma, Tien Y Wong, Serge Resnikoff
BACKGROUND: Within a surveillance of the prevalence and causes of vision impairment in high-income regions and Central/Eastern Europe, we update figures through 2015 and forecast expected values in 2020. METHODS: Based on a systematic review of medical literature, prevalence of blindness, moderate and severe vision impairment (MSVI), mild vision impairment and presbyopia was estimated for 1990, 2010, 2015, and 2020. RESULTS: Age-standardised prevalence of blindness and MSVI for all ages decreased from 1990 to 2015 from 0...
May 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444552/optometry-facilitated-teleophthalmology-an-audit-of-the-first-year-in-western-australia
#4
Stephen E Bartnik, Stephen P Copeland, Angela J Aicken, Angus W Turner
BACKGROUND: Lions Outback Vision has run a state-wide teleophthalmology service since 2011. In September 2015 the Australian federal government introduced a Medicare reimbursement for optometry-facilitated teleophthalmology consultations under specific circumstances. This audit demonstrates the first 12 months experience with this scheme. We aim to provide practical insights for others looking to embed a telemedicine program as part of delivering outreach clinical services. METHODS: A 12-month retrospective audit was performed between September 2015 and August 2016, inclusive...
February 14, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437582/number-of-incident-cases-of-the-main-eye-diseases-of-ageing-in-the-uk-biobank-cohort-projected-over-a-25-year-period-from-time-of-recruitment
#5
Parul Desai, Darwin C Minassian, Angela Reidy, Naomi Allen, Cathie Sudlow
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the number of new cases of age-related macular degeneration, cataract and glaucoma accruing in the UK Biobank cohort, over a period of 25 years from time of recruitment. Our secondary objective was to assess the statistical power of nested case-control studies of these eye diseases. We aimed to provide quantitative information relevant to UK Biobank's eye disease case ascertainment efforts and to the potential for UK Biobank-based research into the causes of eye disease...
February 6, 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284445/mapping-standard-ophthalmic-outcome-sets-to-metrics-currently-reported-in-eight-eye-hospitals
#6
MULTICENTER STUDY
Monica Michelotti, Dirk F de Korne, Jennifer S Weizer, Paul P Lee, Declan Flanagan, Simon P Kelly, Anne Odergren, Sukhpal S Sandhu, Charity Wai, Niek Klazinga, Aravind Haripriya, Joshua D Stein, Melanie Hingorani
BACKGROUND: To determine alignment of proposed international standard outcomes sets for ophthalmic conditions to metrics currently reported by eye hospitals. METHODS: Mixed methods comparative benchmark study, including eight eye hospitals in Australia, India, Singapore, Sweden, U.K., and U.S. All are major international tertiary care and training centers in ophthalmology. Main outcome measure is consistency of ophthalmic outcomes measures reported. RESULTS: International agreed standard outcomes (ICHOM) sets are available for cataract surgery (10 metrics) and macular degeneration (7 metrics)...
December 29, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259912/smartphones-tele-ophthalmology-and-vision-2020
#7
REVIEW
Mehrdad Mohammadpour, Zahra Heidari, Masoud Mirghorbani, Hassan Hashemi
Telemedicine is an emerging field in recent medical achievements with rapid development. The "smartphone" availability has increased in both developed and developing countries even among people in rural and remotes areas. Tele-based services can be used for screening ophthalmic diseases and also monitoring patients with known diseases. Electronic ophthalmologic records of the patients including captured images by smartphones from anterior and posterior segments of the eye will be evaluated by ophthalmologists, and if patients require further evaluations, they will be referred to experts in the relevant field...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100897/multiple-deprivation-vision-loss-and-ophthalmic-disease-in-adults-global-perspectives
#8
Mark Lane, Victoria Lane, Joseph Abbott, Tasanee Braithwaite, Peter Shah, Alastair K Denniston
The association between socioeconomic position and morbidity and mortality has long been recognized. We evaluate the evidence for an association between multiple aspects of deprivation and ocular health in a global context. This is a systematic review of studies that evaluated deprivation in the adult population in the context of the major acquired causes of visual loss such as cataract, diabetic eye disease, glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, and ocular trauma. The search strategy identified relevant studies reported between 1946 and August 2016, with randomized control trials, case-control, cohort, and cross-sectional study designs being selected for inclusion...
May 2018: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032195/global-causes-of-blindness-and-distance-vision-impairment-1990-2020-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Seth R Flaxman, Rupert R A Bourne, Serge Resnikoff, Peter Ackland, Tasanee Braithwaite, Maria V Cicinelli, Aditi Das, Jost B Jonas, Jill Keeffe, John H Kempen, Janet Leasher, Hans Limburg, Kovin Naidoo, Konrad Pesudovs, Alex Silvester, Gretchen A Stevens, Nina Tahhan, Tien Y Wong, Hugh R Taylor
BACKGROUND: Contemporary data for causes of vision impairment and blindness form an important basis of recommendations in public health policies. Refreshment of the Global Vision Database with recently published data sources permitted modelling of cause of vision loss data from 1990 to 2015, further disaggregation by cause, and forecasts to 2020. METHODS: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, we analysed published and unpublished population-based data for the causes of vision impairment and blindness from 1980 to 2014...
October 10, 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944207/predictive-factors-of-visual-outcome-of-malaysian-cataract-patients-a-retrospective-study
#10
Thanigasalam Thevi, Myron Anthony Godinho
AIM: To explore the associations between various characteristics of Malaysian cataract patients and their management, and their post-operative visual outcomes, to inform relevant bodies to reduce cataract-related blindness. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive secondary data analysis of cataract surgery patients in Melaka Hospital, from 2007 to 2014 using the National Eye Database (NED). Patient-related factors (demographic features, systemic and ocular comorbidities) and management-related factors (surgical duration, type of surgery, type of lens) were analysed for their association with visual outcome (acuity)...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933356/the-association-between-dietary-intake-of-antioxidants-and-ocular-disease
#11
Andrea Braakhuis, Ryan Raman, Ehsan Vaghefi
To assess the association between dietary antioxidant intake and the incidence of the three major oxidative stress-related eye diseases, cataracts, glaucoma, and age-related macular degeneration, 78 cases from the University of Auckland Optometry and Vision Science clinic and 149 controls were recruited. Participants completed an antioxidant food-frequency questionnaire, analysed through multiple logistic regression. Protective associations were identified with higher consumption of fruit and vegetables (OR = 0...
January 30, 2017: Diseases (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821861/the-validity-of-self-report-of-eye-diseases-in-participants-with-vision-loss-in-the-national-eye-health-survey
#12
Joshua Foreman, Jing Xie, Stuart Keel, Peter van Wijngaarden, Hugh R Taylor, Mohamed Dirani
We assessed the validity and reliability of self-report of eye disease in participants with unilateral vision loss (presenting visual acuity worse than 6/12 in the worse eye and equal to or better than 6/12 in the better eye) or bilateral vision loss (presenting visual acuity worse than 6/12 in the better eye) in Australia's National Eye Health Survey. In total, 1738 Indigenous Australians and 3098 non-Indigenous Australians were sampled from 30 sites. Participants underwent a questionnaire and self-reported their eye disease histories...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811796/visual-outcome-after-phacoemulsification-with-lens-implant-in-diabetic-and-non-diabetic-patients-a-comparative-study
#13
Abdul Rashid Shaikh, Abdul Haleem Mirani, Muhammad Saleh Memon, Muhammad Faisal Fahim
OBJECTIVE: To compare the visual outcomes of phacoemulsification surgery with intraocular lens (IOL) in persons with and without diabetes at end of follow-up. METHODS: This was a comparative, cross sectional, observational study with Non-probability, purposive sampling. After approval from "Research Ethical Committee of Isra Post-graduate Institute of Ophthalmology Karachi, 92 patients with cataract in one eye were selected. Patients were divided into two groups...
May 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607177/burden-of-vision-loss-associated-with-eye-disease-in-china-1990-2020-findings-from-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2015
#14
MULTICENTER STUDY
Bingsong Wang, Nathan Congdon, Rupert Bourne, Yichong Li, Kai Cao, Aiping Zhao, Mayinuer Yusufu, Wenlan Dong, Maigeng Zhou, Ningli Wang
AIMS: To assess the burden of vision loss due to eye disease in China between 1990 and 2015, and to predict the burden in 2020. METHODS: Data from the GBD 2015 (Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015) were used. The main outcome measures were prevalence and years lived with disability (YLDs) for vision loss due to cataract, glaucoma, macular degeneration, other vision loss, refraction and accommodation disorders and trachoma. RESULTS: Prevalence for eye diseases increased steadily from 1990 to 2015, and will increase until 2020...
February 2018: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582804/food-components-and-ocular-pathophysiology-a-critical-appraisal-of-the-role-of-oxidative-mechanisms
#15
Reinlesh Raman, Ehsan Vaghefi, Andrea J Braakhuis
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Three of the major ocular diseases, namely cataracts, age-related macular degeneration and glaucoma are associated with oxidative damage. Disease risk and progression may be reduced through consumption of dietary components. To critically examine the literature on dietary and supplemental intakes of fruit and vegetables, meat, antioxidants (vitamins C, E and A), calcium, folate, iron, and their association with ocular disease. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Google Scholar and key references from texts and publications were searched using search terms (eye disease, antioxidants), (vision, nutrition), no date restriction, only articles in English were included...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091428/refractive-aim-and-visual-outcome-after-phacoemulsification-a-2-year-review-from-a-tertiary-private-eye-hospital-in-sub-saharan-africa
#16
O Oderinlo, A O Hassan, F O Oluyadi, A O Ogunro, O N Okonkwo, M O Ulaikere, O Ashano
AIM: To review the short-term visual outcome of phacoemulsification in adults with uncomplicated cataracts in Eye Foundation Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of records of patients that had phacoemulsification between January 2012 and December 2013 in Eye Foundation Hospital, Lagos, Nigeria, was done. Preoperative visual acuity, refractive aim, intraoperative complications, postoperative unaided, and best-corrected visual acuity at 1 and 3 months were analyzed...
February 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006748/a-focus-on-resveratrol-and-ocular-problems-especially-cataract-from-chemistry-to-medical-uses-and-clinical-relevance
#17
REVIEW
Ganesh Goutham, Ramar Manikandan, Manikandan Beulaja, Raman Thiagarajan, Chinnasamy Arulvasu, Munusamy Arumugam, William N Setzer, Maria Daglia, Seyed Fazel Nabavi, Seyed Mohammad Nabavi
Low vision and blindness are important health problems that affect millions of people throughout the world. The most common and important pathologies are diabetic retinopathy, age-related macular degeneration, glaucoma as well as cataracts. The latter consists of an opacification of the lens of the eye which impedes the passage of light and represents one of the most important causes of vision loss. Among the risk factors for cataract development, there are life-style factors such as the use of tobacco, abuse of alcohol and unhealthy diet...
February 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982213/repeatability-of-contrast-sensitivity-testing-in-patients-with-age-related-macular-degeneration-glaucoma-and-cataract
#18
Selcuk Kara, Baran Gencer, Ismail Ersan, Sedat Arikan, Omer Kocabiyik, Hasan Ali Tufan, ArzuTaskiran Comez
Purpose: To analyze the intrasession and intersession repeatability of contrast sensitivity (CS) measurements in patients with glaucoma, cataract, or age-related macular degeneration (AMD) and healthy controls. Methods: CS measurements were performed using the OPTEC-Functional Vision Analyzer (FVA), which uses a standardized and closed (view-in) system. Measurements for patients with glaucoma, cataract, or AMD and healthy controls were repeated within 30 minutes (intrasession) and during two sessions (intersession), separated by one week to one month...
September 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Oftalmologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917530/visual-complications-in-diabetes-mellitus-beyond-retinopathy
#19
REVIEW
A Khan, I N Petropoulos, G Ponirakis, R A Malik
Diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of vision loss in people with diabetes mellitus; however, other causes of visual impairment/loss include other retinal and non-retinal visual problems, including glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy and cataracts. Additionally, when a person with diabetes complains of visual disturbance despite a visual acuity of 6/6, abnormalities in refraction, contrast sensitivity, straylight and amplitude of accommodation should be considered...
April 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565988/vision-impairment-and-major-eye-diseases-reduce-vision-specific-emotional-well-being-in-a-chinese-population
#20
Eva K Fenwick, Peng Guan Ong, Ryan E K Man, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Ching-Yu Cheng, Tien Y Wong, Ecosse L Lamoureux
AIMS: To assess the relationship between vision impairment (VI) and major eye diseases, with vision-specific emotional well-being in a Chinese population. METHODS: In this population-based cross-sectional study, 3353 Chinese participants aged 40-80 years answered the emotional well-being scale of the Impact of Vision Impairment questionnaire, validated using Rasch analysis. Participants underwent visual acuity testing and collection of sociodemographic and medical data from standardised questionnaires...
May 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
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