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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340086/real-world-massage-therapy-produces-meaningful-effectiveness-signal-for-primary-care-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-results-of-a-repeated-measures-cohort-study
#1
William G Elder, Niki Munk, Margaret M Love, Geza G Bruckner, Kathryn E Stewart, Kevin Pearce
Objective.:  While efficacy of massage and other nonpharmacological treatments for chronic low back pain is established, stakeholders have called for pragmatic studies of effectiveness in "real-world" primary health care. The Kentucky Pain Research and Outcomes Study evaluated massage impact on pain, disability, and health-related quality of life for primary care patients with chronic low back pain. We report effectiveness and feasibility results, and make comparisons with established minimal clinically important differences...
March 14, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337511/-dementia-in-the-focus-of-health-research-a%C3%A2-comparative-analysis-of-current-ageing-studies
#2
Kristin Illiger, Ulla Walter, Frauke Koppelin
Health research on an increasingly aging population calls for careful consideration of aging-associated phenomena, such as dementia. Accounting for such diseases is a necessary step for gaining a view of health in the elderly. It is moreover imperative to gather data on subjects' mental limitations in surveys to better evaluate the validity of answers disclosed by elderly participants. This article discusses the availability of data on individuals suffering from dementia in national studies on aging. It centers on the question of how surveys respond to the challenge of diagnosing dementia...
March 23, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336159/the-anticholinergic-impregnation-scale-towards-the-elaboration-of-a-scale-adapted-to-prescriptions-in-french-psychiatric-settings
#3
Jeanne Briet, Hervé Javelot, Edwige Heitzmann, Luisa Weiner, Catherine Lameira, Philippe D'Athis, Marie Corneloup, Jean-Louis Vailleau
PURPOSE: Some drugs have anticholinergic activity and can cause peripheral or central side effects. Several scales exist to evaluate the potential anticholinergic effect of prescribed drugs but: (i) they are validated in the elderly and mainly assess the cognitive side effect of treatments; (ii) they do not concern some of the drugs frequently used in clinical psychiatry in France. The aim of our study is to develop a new scale, the anticholinergic impregnation scale (AIS), with drugs used in France and based on an assessment of the drugs used against peripheral anticholinergic adverse effects...
February 17, 2017: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28328825/prevalence-of-symptomatic-hip-knee-and-spine-osteoarthritis-nationwide-health-survey-analysis-of-an-elderly-korean-population
#4
Jung-Ho Park, Jae-Young Hong, Kyungdo Han, Seung-Woo Suh, Si-Young Park, Jae-Hyuk Yang, Seung-Woo Han
Osteoarthritis is prominent among the elderly, with symptoms originating from multiple parts of the body. A cross-sectional study of a nationwide survey was performed to describe the prevalence of and identify factors related to symptomatic hip, knee, and spine osteoarthritis.This cross-sectional study collected data from the Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V-5; 2010-2012). After excluding ineligible subjects, there were 8976 subjects in this study (3830 males and 5146 females)...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324877/association-of-adherence-to-a-healthy-diet-with-cognitive-decline-in-european-and-american-older-adults-a-meta-analysis-within-the-chances-consortium
#5
Agnes A M Berendsen, Jae H Kang, Ondine van de Rest, Nicole Jankovic, Ellen Kampman, Jessica C Kiefte-de Jong, Oscar H Franco, M Arfan Ikram, Hynek Pikhart, Lena Maria Nilsson, Hermann Brenner, Paolo Boffetta, Snorri Bjorn Rafnsson, Deborah Gustafson, Andreas Kyrozis, Antonia Trichopoulou, Edith J M Feskens, Francine Grodstein, Lisette C P G M de Groot
AIM: To examine the association between a healthy diet, assessed by the Healthy Diet Indicator (HDI), and cognitive decline in older adults. METHODS: Data from 21,837 participants aged ≥55 years from 3 cohorts (Survey in Europe on Nutrition and the Elderly, a Concerted Action [SENECA], Rotterdam Study [RS], Nurses' Health Study [NHS]) were analyzed. HDI scores were based on intakes of saturated fatty acids, polyunsaturated fatty acids, mono- and disaccharides, protein, cholesterol, fruits and vegetables, and fiber...
March 22, 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320795/cross-sectional-survey-on-defensive-practices-and-defensive-behaviours-among-israeli-psychiatrists
#6
I Reuveni, I Pelov, H Reuveni, O Bonne, L Canetti
OBJECTIVE: Psychiatry is a low-risk specialisation; however, there is a steady increase in malpractice claims against psychiatrists. Defensive psychiatry (DP) refers to any action undertaken by a psychiatrist to avoid malpractice liability that is not for the sole benefit of the patient's mental health and well-being. The objectives of this study were to assess the scope of DP practised by psychiatrists and to understand whether awareness of DP correlated with defensive behaviours. METHODS: A questionnaire was administered to 213 Israeli psychiatry residents and certified psychiatrists during May and June 2015 regarding demographic data and experience with malpractice claims, medicolegal literature and litigation...
March 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296975/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-health-in-the-context-of-multimorbidity-a-korean-panel-study
#7
Myung Ki, Yo Han Lee, Yong-Soo Kim, Ji-Yeon Shin, Jiseun Lim, James Nazroo
Socioeconomic inequalities in health are commonly known to decrease at late age. Yet, it remains unclear whether socioeconomic inequalities in health at late age appear in relation to multimorbidity, particularly in Korea where social support remains unsatisfactory for older people. Using three waves of Korea Health Panel, data of 19,942 observations with repeated measure were constructed to ensure a temporal sequence between three socioeconomic measures (i.e., poverty, employment status, and education) and multimorbidity with a t to t+1 year transition...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293918/the-elderly-liver-transplant-recipients-anxiety-depression-fatigue-and-life-satisfaction
#8
Felix Krenzien, Nicco Krezdorn, Mehmet H Morgül, Georg Wiltberger, Georgi Atanasov, Hans-Michael Hau, Andreas Hinz, Moritz Schmelzle, Michael Bartels, Christian Benzing
Introduction Older patients are neglected in clinical trials and are likely to be excluded from liver transplantation (LT). The aim of this study was to assess fatigue, anxiety, depression, and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in elderly LT recipients. Methods Questionnaires were mailed to patients who underwent LT between 1993 and 2013. Three groups were created: patients ≥ 70, 60 - 69, and < 60 years old. Mental-health status, life satisfaction, and fatigue were assessed using, respectively, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), Questions on Life Satisfaction (FLZ-M), and the Multidimensional Fatigue Inventory (MFI-20)...
March 14, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gastroenterologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290722/associations-of-a-social-network-typology-with-physical-and-mental-health-risks-among-older-adults-in-south-korea
#9
N S Park, Y Jang, B S Lee, D A Chiriboga, S Chang, S Y Kim
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to (1) develop an empirical typology of social networks in older Koreans; and (2) examine its effect on physical and mental health. METHOD: A sample of 6900 community-dwelling older adults in South Korea was drawn from the 2014 Korean National Elderly Survey. Latent profile analysis (LPA) was conducted to derive social network types using eight common social network characteristics (marital status, living arrangement, the number and frequency of contact with close family/relatives, the number and frequency of contact with close friends, frequency of participation in social activities, and frequency of having visitors at home)...
March 14, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288407/therapeutic-relationship-in-the-treatment-of-geriatric-depression-with-executive-dysfunction
#10
Ryan A Mace, David A Gansler, Michael K Suvak, Carla M Gabris, Patricia A Areán, Patrick J Raue, George S Alexopoulos
BACKGROUND: The effects of therapeutic relationship (TR) in elder mental health are understudied. A greater understanding of TR in geriatric psychotherapy is particularly needed for treating late-life depression with executive dysfunction, which predicts poor response to antidepressant medication and presents unique clinical challenges. METHODS: Participants were older patients (N = 220) with major depression and executive dysfunction who received 12 weeks of problem-solving therapy or supportive therapy in a randomized control trial...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285816/survival-disabilities-in-activities-of-daily-living-and-physical-and-cognitive-functioning-among-the-oldest-old-in-china-a-cohort-study
#11
Yi Zeng, Qiushi Feng, Therese Hesketh, Kaare Christensen, James W Vaupel
BACKGROUND: The oldest-old (those aged ≥80 years) are the most rapidly growing age group globally, and are most in need of health care and assistance. We aimed to assess changes in mortality, disability in activities of daily living, and physical and cognitive functioning among oldest-old individuals between 1998 and 2008. METHODS: We used data from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Study. Three pairs of cohorts aged 80-89 years, 90-99 years, and 100-105 years (in total, 19 528 oldest-old participants) were examined; the two cohorts in each pair were born 10 years apart, with the same age at the time of the assessment in the 1998 and 2008 surveys...
March 9, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281140/human-predisposition-to-cognitive-impairment-and-its-relation-with-environmental-exposure-to-potentially-toxic-elements
#12
Marina M S Cabral Pinto, A Paula Marinho-Reis, Agostinho Almeida, Carlos M Ordens, Maria M V G Silva, Sandra Freitas, Mário R Simões, Paula I Moreira, Pedro A Dinis, M Luísa Diniz, Eduardo A Ferreira da Silva, M Teresa Condesso de Melo
New lines of evidence suggest that less than 10% of neurodegenerative diseases have a strict genetic aetiology and other factors may be prevalent. Environmental exposures to potentially toxic elements appear to be a risk factor for Parkinson's, Alzheimer's and sclerosis diseases. This study proposes a multidisciplinary approach combining neurosciences, psychology and environmental sciences while integrating socio-economic, neuropsychological, environmental and health data. We present the preliminary results of a neuropsychological assessment carried out in elderly residents of the industrial city of Estarreja...
March 9, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272705/the-most-common-factors-hindering-the-independent-functioning-of-the-elderly-at-home-by-age-and-sex
#13
D Talarska, S Kropińska, M Strugała, M Szewczyczak, S Tobis, K Wieczorowska-Tobis
OBJECTIVE: Changes occurring with increased age as well progressive illnesses can negatively affect the independent functioning of older people. The goal of this study was to identify the most common problems that make independent life at home more difficult for the elderly and to try and present their relation with age and gender. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 506 persons over 60 years of age took part in the study. They were residents of Poznań, Poland and surrounding areas...
February 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260613/sexual-harassment-in-care-work-dilemmas-and-consequences-a-qualitative-investigation
#14
Maj Britt D Nielsen, Susie Kjær, Per T Aldrich, Ida E H Madsen, Maria K Friborg, Reiner Rugulies, Anna P Folker
BACKGROUND: Care workers are often exposed to sexual harassment from patients. Research shows that such exposure may have detrimental effects on mental health of the care workers. Inappropriate sexual behaviour from patients is a particular challenge for formal and informal care workers alike. There is a scarceness of studies investigating the experience and the handling of sexual harassment from patients. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the experience and handling of sexual harassment from patients in care work...
February 24, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244651/relationship-between-swallowing-functions-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-community-dwelling-dependent-older-individuals
#15
Naoko Morisaki
AIM: This study analyzed the association between swallowing function levels and health-related quality of life (QOL) among community-dwelling dependent older persons in Japan. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of a purposive sample of community-dwelling dependent older individuals in Japan was conducted. Two swallowing functions (tongue pressure and lip-closure force), the risk of dysphagia, and health-related QOL (SF-8) were surveyed. RESULTS: There were 86 (38...
February 28, 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226007/hospitalization-and-hospital-mortality-of-elderly-people-with-mental-and-behavioral-disorders-in-brazil-2008-2014
#16
Vanessa Cruz Santos, Karla Ferraz Dos Anjos, Rita Narriman Silva de Oliveira Boery, Ramon Missias Moreira, Diego Pires Cruz, Eduardo Nagib Boery
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the evolution of hospitalizations and hospital mortality of elderly people with mental and behavioral disorders in Brazil, from 2008 to 2014. METHODS: this is a time series ecological study, with data from the Hospital Information System of the Brazilian National Health System (SIH/SUS), and analyzed through Prais-Winsten regression. RESULTS: during the studied period, 139,941 hospitalizations and 2,962 deaths were recorded; the hospitalization coefficient for mental and behavioral disorders decreased in Brazil, from 122...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224960/-elderly-women-and-alcohol
#17
Alba Moscato
It is important to understand the reasons for alcohol abuse in elderly people and in particular women. Psychological suffering must be envisaged. This behaviour can be considered as a necessary narcissistic retreat when ageing. The mental health of these women should be taken into account when providing them with help when they want it. This involves understanding them and supporting them as they adjust to the passage of time.
January 2017: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222807/validation-of-the-aging-perceptions-questionnaire-short-on-a-sample-of-community-dwelling-turkish-elderly-migrants
#18
Anne Slotman, Jane M Cramm, Anna P Nieboer
BACKGROUND: Aging perceptions have been found to be major contributors to health in old age. To quantitatively explore aging perceptions among elderly Turkish migrants, valid and reliable Turkish-language instruments are needed. The objective of the current study was to examine the construct validity and reliability of the Turkish-language version of the seven-dimension Aging Perceptions Questionnaire Short version (APQ-S) in a sample of community-dwelling elderly Turkish migrants in the Netherlands...
February 21, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215111/nursing-students-reflections-after-meetings-with-patients-and-their-relatives-enacted-by-professional-actors-being-touched-and-feeling-empathy
#19
Anja Söderberg, Johanna Karlsson Sundbaum, Åsa Engström
When professional actors have been used in mental health simulations with nursing students, the experience has been regarded as a meaningful contribution to their education and described as a safe way of experiencing challenging situations that can occur in clinical settings. The aim was to study nursing students' reflections after meetings with nursing patients and their relatives, as enacted by professional actors, in psychiatric/elderly care. The design was a qualitative descriptive research approach. Gibbs's ( 1988 ) reflective cycle was the basis for the questions that were asked...
February 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209982/severe-decline-of-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-associates-with-progressive-cognitive-deterioration-in-the-elderly-a-community-based-cohort-study
#20
Yi-Chi Chen, Shuo-Chun Weng, Jia-Sin Liu, Han-Lin Chuang, Chih-Cheng Hsu, Der-Cherng Tarng
Cognitive dysfunction is closely related to aging and chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, the association between renal function changes and the risk of developing cognitive impairment has not been elucidated. This longitudinal cohort study was to determine the influence of annual percentage change in estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) on subsequent cognitive deterioration or death of the elderly within the community. A total of 33,654 elders with eGFR measurements were extracted from the Taipei City Elderly Health Examination Database...
February 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
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