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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640686/prevalence-of-financial-fraud-and-scams-among-older-adults-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
David Burnes, Charles R Henderson, Christine Sheppard, Rebecca Zhao, Karl Pillemer, Mark S Lachs
BACKGROUND: The financial exploitation of older adults was recently recognized by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as a serious public health problem. Knowledge of the prevalence of elder financial exploitation is mostly limited to the category of financial abuse, which occurs in relationships involving an expectation of trust. Little is known about the other major category of elder financial exploitation-elder financial fraud and scams, which is perpetrated by strangers...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628498/earlier-physical-therapy-input-is-associated-with-a-reduced-length-of-hospital-stay-and-reduced-care-needs-on-discharge-in-frail-older-inpatients-an-observational-study
#2
Peter J Hartley, Victoria L Keevil, Ledia Alushi, Rebecca L Charles, Eimear B Conroy, Patricia M Costello, Becki Dixon, Aida M Dolinska-Grzybek, Diana Vajda, Roman Romero-Ortuno
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Pressures on hospital bed occupancy in the English National Health Service have focused attention on enhanced service delivery models and methods by which physical therapists might contribute to effective cost savings, while retaining a patient-centered approach. Earlier access to physical therapy may lead to better outcomes in frail older inpatients, but this has not been well studied in acute National Health Service hospitals. Our aim was to retrospectively study the associations between early physical therapy input and length of hospital stay (LOS), functional outcomes, and care needs on discharge...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623009/s%C3%A3-ntomas-neuropsiqui%C3%A3-tricos-como-factor-de-confusi%C3%A3-n-en-la-detecci%C3%A3-n-de-la-demencia
#3
David Córcoles, Angeles Malagón, Magdalena Bellsolà, Ana Gonzalez, Romina Cortizo, Jordi Leon, Antoni Bulbena, Victor Pérez, Luis M Martín
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate whether the neuropsychiatric symptoms interfere with cognitive impairment detection in primary care and to describe which of them generate more confusion. DESIGN: Descriptive and observational study. LOCATION: Mobile psychiatric unit in collaboration with primary healthcare centers in Barcelona. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 104 patients over 65years referred to mobile psychiatric unit from primary healthcare clinicians suspecting mental disease...
June 13, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621563/reduced-mastication-impairs-memory-function
#4
Y Fukushima-Nakayama, Takehito Ono, M Hayashi, M Inoue, H Wake, Takashi Ono, T Nakashima
Mastication is an indispensable oral function related to physical, mental, and social health throughout life. The elderly tend to have a masticatory dysfunction due to tooth loss and fragility in the masticatory muscles with aging, potentially resulting in impaired cognitive function. Masticatory stimulation has influence on the development of the central nervous system (CNS) as well as the growth of maxillofacial tissue in children. Although the relationship between mastication and cognitive function is potentially important in the growth period, the cellular and molecular mechanisms have not been sufficiently elucidated...
May 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619861/geriatrics-and-the-legal-system
#5
Stephanie C Yarnell, Paul D Kirwin, Howard V Zonana
Correctional systems, already struggling to meet the basic and functional requirements of older prisoners, will be further challenged by the increasing medical and psychiatric needs of this population. Mental health and general medical care for older adults requires specific on-site or consultation expertise in geriatric medicine and psychiatry, as well as potential changes in infrastructure, both of which may be prohibitively expensive. However, compassionate and effective treatment of older prisoners requires that prison and legal systems facilitate this expert care...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617691/the-pride-study-and-the-conduct-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-questions-answered-and-unanswered
#6
Keith G Rasmussen
The recently published PRIDE study (prolonging remission in the depressed elderly) constitutes an important contribution to electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) technique, from the standpoint of both the index course to treat depressive symptoms and the post-remission continuation period to prevent relapse. This study was probably the last large, National Institute of Mental Health-funded, multisite ECT technical study for some time to come, so extracting clinically relevant recommendations is worthwhile. In this commentary, the author discusses evidence from this trial relevant to several important clinical index and continuation ECT technical issues and elaborates several unanswered questions deserving further consideration...
June 14, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615762/prevalence-of-depression-among-school-going-adolescents-in-an-urban-area-of-bihar-india
#7
Kunal Kishor Jha, Satyajeet Kumar Singh, Santosh Kumar Nirala, Chandramani Kumar, Pragya Kumar, Neeraj Aggrawal
INTRODUCTION: Depression is one of the under-recognized health problems in adolescents. Emotional instability resulted from childhood to adulthood transition makes adolescents vulnerable to depression. AIMS: The aim of the study was to explore the prevalence of depression and its associated sociodemographic factors among school-going adolescents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was undertaken from January 2016 to June 2016 in adolescents studying in 9-12(th) standard from forty schools located in an urban area of Patna, Bihar...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612539/-urban-rural-differences-in-the-role-of-family-support-in-physical-and-mental-health-of-elderly-people-in-china
#8
Hui-Qiang Luo, Kan Wu, Jia-Hui Qian, Pei-Ya Cao, Xiao-Hui Ren
OBJECTIVES: To investigate social support for elderly in urban and rural settings, and determine its role in physical and psychological health of the elderly populations. METHODS: Data were extracted from the 2013 China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS). Physical health was measured by the ADL/IADL scale. Mental health was measured by the CES-D scale. Family support included financial support, daily care and emotional care. Binary logistic models were established to test the associations between family support and physical and mental health...
March 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604128/cognitive-screening-tools-for-primary-care-settings-examining-the-test-your-memory-and-general-practitioner-assessment-of-cognition-tools-in-a-rural-aging-population-in-greece
#9
Eliza Iatraki, Panagiotis G Simos, Antonios Bertsias, George Duijker, Ioannis Zaganas, Chariklia Tziraki, Alexandros N Vgontzas, Christos Lionis
BACKGROUND: Under conditions of high demand for primary care services in a setting of low financial resources, there is need for brief, easily administered cognitive screening tools for use in the primary care setting, especially in rural areas. However, interpretation of these cognitive tests' results requires knowledge on their susceptibility to cultural, educational and demographic patient characteristics. OBJECTIVES: To assess the clinical validity of the 'Test Your Memory' (TYM) and 'General Practitioner assessment of Cognition' (GPCog) which was specifically designed for primary care practice, in a rural primary care setting in Greece, utilizing the 'Mini Mental State Examination' (MMSE) as a reference standard...
December 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603364/interrelationship-among-the-health-related-and-subjective-quality-of-life-daily-life-activities-instrumental-activities-of-daily-living-of-community-dwelling-elderly-females-in-orthopedic-outpatients
#10
Seiichi Takemasa, Ryoma Nakagoshi, Masayuki Uesugi, Yuri Inoue, Makoto Gotou, Susumu Naruse, Yoshihumi Nanba
[Purpose] This study aimed to examine the health-related and subjective quality of life of community-dwelling elderly females in orthopedic outpatients, and also examined how such quality of life correlate with their daily life activities and instrumental activities of daily living. [Subjects and Methods] Subjects were 27 community-dwelling elderly females in orthopedic outpatients (mean age: 76.3 ± 7.4 years). Their health-related quality of life and subjective quality of life, life-space assessment, frenchay activities index were researched...
May 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594390/does-the-health-impact-of-exposure-to-neighbourhood-green-space-differ-between-population-groups-an-explorative-study-in-four-european-cities
#11
Annemarie Ruijsbroek, Mariël Droomers, Hanneke Kruize, Elise van Kempen, Christopher J Gidlow, Gemma Hurst, Sandra Andrusaityte, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen, Jolanda Maas, Wim Hardyns, Karien Stronks, Peter P Groenewegen
It has been suggested that certain residents, such as those with a low socioeconomic status, the elderly, and women, may benefit more from the presence of neighbourhood green space than others. We tested this hypothesis for age, gender, educational level, and employment status in four European cities. Data were collected in Barcelona (Spain; n = 1002), Kaunas (Lithuania; n = 989), Doetinchem (The Netherlands; n = 847), and Stoke-on-Trent (UK; n = 933) as part of the EU-funded PHENOTYPE project. Surveys were used to measure mental and general health, individual characteristics, and perceived neighbourhood green space...
June 8, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593683/aging-in-hair-follicle-stem-cells-and-niche-microenvironment
#12
REVIEW
Jiang Ji, Bryan Siu-Yin Ho, Ge Qian, Xiao-Ming Xie, Paul Lorenz Bigliardi, Mei Bigliardi-Qi
Hair graying and hair loss are prominent and common characteristics of the elderly population. In some individuals these processes can significantly impact their quality of life, leading to depression, anxiety and other serious mental health problems. Accordingly, there has been much interest in understanding the complex physiological changes within the hair follicle in the aging individual. It is now known that hair follicles represent a prototypical stem cell niche, where both micro- and macroenvironmental influences are integrated alongside stem cell-stem cell and stem cell-stem niche interactions to determine hair growth or hair follicle senescence...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589496/screening-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-geriatric-psychiatry
#13
S M J Heijnen-Kohl, R M Kok, R M H J Wilting, G Rossi, S P J van Alphen
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are difficult to detect in old age. This study examined if ASD symptoms in older adults (age > 60) can be detected with the Dutch informant personality questionnaire, (Hetero-Anamnestische Persoonlijkheidsvragenlijst, HAP) in a mental health setting. Patients with ASD (N = 40) were compared to patients with a different psychiatric diagnosis (N = 43; personality disorders excluded). The ASD group had significant higher scores on the scales 'Socially avoidant behavior', 'Rigid behavior' and 'Unpredictable and impulsive behavior'...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575268/cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-association-between-trust-in-physician-and-depressive-symptoms-among-u-s-community-dwelling-chinese-older-adults
#14
XinQi Dong, Stephanie Bergren, Melissa A Simon
Background: Depression is a major public health concern among older adults and health care professionals play a vital role in screening and treatment. However, this process may be impeded by issues like lack of trust in physician (TIP). This study aims to examine the cross-sectional and longitudinal relationships between TIP and depressive symptoms among Chinese older adults in the Chicago area. Methods: Data were collected through the Population Study of Chinese Elderly (PINE), a longitudinal cohort study of Chinese older adults in the greater Chicago area...
July 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575261/elder-self-neglect-and-suicidal-ideation-in-an-u-s-chinese-aging-population-findings-from-the-pine-study
#15
XinQi Dong, Ying Xu, Ding Ding
Background: Self-neglect and suicidal ideations are important public health issues among the aging population. This study aims to examine the association between self-neglect, its phenotypes, and suicidal ideation among U.S. Chinese older adults. Methods: Guided by a community-based participatory research approach, the Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago (PINE) study is a population-based epidemiological study conducted from 2011 to 2013 among 3,159 Chinese older adults aged 60 years and older in the Greater Chicago area...
July 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575253/family-relationships-and-depressive-symptoms-among-chinese-older-immigrants-in-the-united-states
#16
Jinyu Liu, XinQi Dong, Duy Nguyen, Daniel W L Lai
Background: Given the growth in the number of older Chinese immigrants in the United States and the importance of family support in Chinese culture, this study examines how supportive and negative relationships with family members (children and spouse) influence depressive symptom severity among this population. Methods: Using data from the Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago, we carried out multivariate negative binomial regression analysis using a sample of 3,159 Chinese older immigrants...
July 1, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573820/aromatherapy-massage-versus-reflexology-on-female-elderly-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#17
Tahereh Bahrami, Nahid Rejeh, Majideh Heravi-Karimooi, Mojtaba Vaismoradi, Seyed Davood Tadrisi, Christina L Sieloff
BACKGROUND: Fatigue and abnormalities in cardiovascular parameters are recognized as major problems for patients with acute coronary syndrome. Non-pharmacological nursing interventions are useful for controlling this fatigue and reducing patients' suffering during hospitalization. AIM: The present study compared the effects of aromatherapy massage and reflexology on fatigue and cardiovascular parameters in older female patients with acute coronary syndrome. DESIGN: This study was a randomized clinical trial...
June 2, 2017: Nursing in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562839/changes-in-physical-activity-barriers-among-american-indian-elders-a-pilot-study%C3%A2
#18
Craig N Sawchuk, Joan E Russo, Peter Roy-Byrne, Jack Goldberg, Ralph Forquera, Dedra Buchwald
The objective of the present study was to assess whether selfreported physical activity barriers could be reduced among American Indian elders who participated in a 6-week randomized physical activity trial that compared the use of a pedometer only to that of pedometers with step-count goal setting. Elders (N = 32) were compared on the Barriers to Being Physically Active Quiz after participating in a pilot physical activity trial. Elders were classified into high- and low-barrier groups at baseline and compared on self-reported physical activity, health-related quality of life, pedometer step counts, and 6-minute walk performance...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561149/-preoperative-evaluation-and-arrangements-the-elderly-patient
#19
Cynthia Olotu-Steffen, Simone Gurlit, Rainer Kiefmann
With a constantly growing portion of elderly within our population and the advances of modern medicine, surgery on aged and very aged patients has become a daily hospital routine. Due to the physical and mental features of ageing these patients face special perioperative risks. They display a higher rate of complications, morbidity and cognitive deficits which might in the end lead to persisting need of care. Even in the healthy elderly, most organ functions are "physiologically" instable or deficient and the homeostasis of health and disease is fragile...
May 2017: Anästhesiologie, Intensivmedizin, Notfallmedizin, Schmerztherapie: AINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558532/development-of-a-short-self-report-disability-questionnaire-for-health-conditions
#20
Johannes F L M van Kemenade, Clemens M H Hosman
For use in mental epidemiological survey research, a short self-report questionnaire measuring current disability is needed to assess the severity of health symptoms of respondents. A questionnaire, measuring current disability at the somatic, mental, and social domains in the environments of work, family (social) life, and leisure time was made along guidelines issued at the 54th World Health Assembly regarding the acceptance of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. This article presents the reliability and validity of the Self-Report Disability Questionnaire (SRDQ)...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
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