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Mental health elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932003/mental-health-and-related-influencing-factors-among-the-empty-nest-elderly-and-the-non-empty-nest-elderly-in-taiyuan-china-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Y-Q Guo, C-C Zhang, H Huang, X Zheng, X-J Pan, J-Z Zheng
OBJECTIVE: In China, elderly make up a large proportion of the society, but their mental health is often overlooked. The aim of this study is to compare mental health and related influencing factors among the empty-nest and the non-empty-nest elderly, and attain the purpose of improving their quality of life. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 488 elderly people aged 60-92 years in six districts of Taiyuan, China...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928523/quality-of-life-in-elderly-iranian-population-using-the-qol-brief-questionnaire-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Zahra Cheraghi, Amin Doosti-Irani, Sima Nedjat, Parvin Cheraghi, Saharnaz Nedjat
BACKGROUND: Due to the increase in the elderly population in different societies, their primary needs, physical and mental health, and quality of life, is important. This study aimed to estimate the overall mean score of the QOL based on the Qol-Brief questionnaire in the elderly population of Iran. METHODS: The international and national databases, including; Medline, Scopus, Science Direct, MagIran, and SID were searched up to Feb 2015. All studies, addressed the quality of life among the healthy Iranian elderly population using WHO-QOL-BRIEF questionnaire, were included...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927732/trauma-informed-hospice-and-palliative-care
#3
Barbara L Ganzel
This review highlights the need to integrate trauma-informed practices into hospice and palliative care. The pervasiveness of psychological trauma exposure has been established in the general population and among the elderly adults. Moreover, there is emerging evidence for multiple additional opportunities for exposure to psychological trauma at or near the end of life. For example, many people experience intensive medical interventions prior to their admission to hospice and/or palliative care, and there is increasing recognition that these interventions may be traumatic...
December 7, 2016: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917556/the-mental-health-of-children-providing-care-to-their-elderly-parent
#4
Dörte Heger
Providing care to a disabled parent can be a psychologically strenuous activity with potential negative consequences for the caregiver's mental health. At the same time, experiencing the declining health of a parent - often the very reason for the parent's care needs - can impact the adult child's mental health negatively. Because both events are usually observed simultaneously, disentangling the "caregiver effect" and the "family effect" remains a challenge. Using longitudinal data of the elderly population in Europe and an instrumental variable approach to address possible endogeneity concerns, this paper separately estimates the effect of caregiving and the decline of a parent's health on adult children's mental health...
December 4, 2016: Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906817/classifying-patients-complaints-for-regulatory-purposes-a-pilot-study
#5
Renée Bouwman, Manja Bomhoff, Paul Robben, Roland Friele
OBJECTIVES: It is assumed that classifying and aggregated reporting of patients' complaints by regulators helps to identify problem areas, to respond better to patients and increase public accountability. This pilot study addresses what a classification of complaints in a regulatory setting contributes to the various goals. METHODS: A taxonomy with a clinical, management, and relationship domain was used to systematically analyze 364 patients' complaints received by the Dutch regulator...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896465/psychocardiology-in-the-elderly
#6
REVIEW
Brigita Novak Sarotar, Mitja Lainscak
The population is rapidly aging worldwide and the burden of chronic disease follows along. Frequently, diseases go hand in hand and cardiovascular disease and mental health problems are no exception. Symptoms of depression in the elderly are often overlooked and untreated because they coincide with other problems encountered by the elderly. Older adults with depressive symptoms have poorer functioning compared to those with chronic medical conditions. The burden of cardiovascular disease also remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality...
November 28, 2016: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886569/effects-of-a-right-unilateral-ultrabrief-pulse-electroconvulsive-therapy-course-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-elderly-depressed-patients
#7
W Vaughn McCall, Sarah H Lisanby, Peter B Rosenquist, Mary Dooley, Mustafa M Husain, Rebecca G Knapp, Georgios Petrides, Matthew V Rudorfer, Robert C Young, Shawn M McClintock, Martina Mueller, Joan Prudic, Robert M Greenberg, Richard D Weiner, Samuel H Bailine, Mary Anne Riley, Laryssa McCloud, Charles H Kellner
INTRODUCTION: Patients with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) referred for electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) have poorer Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL), compared with other patients with MDD, but ECT is associated with significant and durable improvement in HRQOL. However, no prior research has focused exclusively on elderly patients with MDD receiving ECT. METHODS: HRQOL data from 240 depressed patients over the age of 60 was measured with the Medical Outcomes Study Short Form 36 (SF-36)...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886078/effects-of-two-year-vitamin-b12-and-folic-acid-supplementation-on-depressive-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-in-older-adults-with-elevated-homocysteine-concentrations-additional-results-from-the-b-proof-study-an-rct
#8
Elisa J de Koning, Nikita L van der Zwaluw, Janneke P van Wijngaarden, Evelien Sohl, Elske M Brouwer-Brolsma, Harm W J van Marwijk, Anke W Enneman, Karin M A Swart, Suzanne C van Dijk, Annelies C Ham, Nathalie van der Velde, André G Uitterlinden, Brenda W J H Penninx, Petra J M Elders, Paul Lips, Rosalie A M Dhonukshe-Rutten, Natasja M van Schoor, Lisette C P G M de Groot
Lowering elevated plasma homocysteine (Hcy) concentrations by supplementing vitamin B12 and folic acid may reduce depressive symptoms and improve health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in older adults. This study aimed to test this hypothesis in a randomized controlled trial. Participants (N = 2919, ≥65 years, Hcy concentrations ≥12 µmol/L) received either 500 µg vitamin B12 and 400 µg folic acid daily or placebo for two years. Both tablets contained 15 µg vitamin D₃. Depressive symptoms were measured with the Geriatric Depression Scale-15 (GDS-15)...
November 23, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881697/adult-day-services-outcomes-delphi-review-of-an-integrated-participant-assessment-system
#9
Shannon Jarrott, Aaron M Ogletree
Adult day services (ADS) aim to help elders age in place, but evidence of impact on participants lags behind caregiver research. To play a larger role in the continuum of care, ADS participant outcomes should regularly be documented with standard measures. We conducted a Delphi review of one integrated participant assessment system. Capturing physical, mental, and cognitive health indicators and activity engagement of typical ADS participants (i.e., frail elders eligible for nursing home placement), experts evaluated the system on instrument validity, relevance, and application...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881145/evaluation-of-efficacy-and-efficiency-of-a-pragmatic-intervention-by-a-social-worker-to-support-informal-caregivers-of-elderly-patients-the-ice-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Astrid Pozet, Catherine Lejeune, Magalie Bonnet, Sandrine Dabakuyo, Michèle Dion, Philippe Fagnoni, Maryse Gaimard, Geneviève Imbert, Virginie Nerich, Audrey Foubert, Morgane Chotard, Marie Bonin, Amélie Anota, Franck Bonnetain
BACKGROUND: Medical progress and the lifestyle modification have prolonged life expectancy, despite the development of chronic diseases. Support and care for older subjects are often provided by a network of informal caregivers composed of family, friends and neighbors, who are essential in helping older persons to continue living at home. It has been shown that the extent and diversity of informal tasks may jeopardize the physical, mental and social wellbeing of caregivers. METHODS/DESIGN: The aim of the Informal Carers of Elderly cohort is to define, through a longitudinal study, profiles of caregivers of older patients with a diagnosis of one of the following diseases: cancer (breast, prostate, colorectal), neurodegenerative diseases (Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease and similar diseases), neurovascular diseases (stroke), sensory diseases (age-related macular degeneration (AMD)) and heart disease (heart failure)...
November 3, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27880624/suicidal-ideation-among-korean-elderly-risk-factors-and-population-attributable-fractions
#11
Jong-Il Park, Jong-Chul Yang, Changsu Han, Tae Won Park, Sang-Keun Chung
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to investigate the risk factors of suicidal ideation and their population attributable fraction (PAF) in a representative sample of the elderly population in Korea. METHOD: We examined the data set from the Survey of Living Conditions and Welfare Needs of Korean Older Persons, which was conducted by the Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs (KIHASA) in 2011. In that survey, 10,674 participants were randomly selected from those older than age 65...
2016: Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874210/cost-effectiveness-of-using-cognitive-screening-tests-for-detecting-dementia-and-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-primary-care
#12
Thaison Tong, Praveen Thokala, Brian McMillan, Rob Ghosh, John Brazier
INTRODUCTION: We estimated the cost effectiveness of different cognitive screening tests for use by General Practitioners (GPs) to detect cognitive impairment in England. METHODS: A patient-level cost-effectiveness model was developed using a simulated cohort that represents the elderly population in England (65 years and older). Each patient was followed over a lifetime period. Data from published sources were used to populate the model. The costs include government funded health and social care, private social care and informal care...
November 22, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872000/is-testosterone-a-food-for-the-brain
#13
REVIEW
Giacomo Ciocca, Erika Limoncin, Eleonora Carosa, Stefania Di Sante, Giovanni L Gravina, Daniele Mollaioli, Daniele Gianfrilli, Andrea Lenzi, Emmanuele A Jannini
INTRODUCTION: Testosterone is fundamental for psychological, sexological, cognitive, and reproductive aspects, and its lack or reduction largely impacts the quality of life in males and females. AIM: Therefore, the aim of this review is to describe the role of testosterone in the neurophysiology of the brain and related aspects regarding the quality of general and sexual life. METHODS: We listed and discussed the principal studies on the role of testosterone in the brain regarding sexual health, psychopathological conditions, and the elderly...
January 2016: Sexual Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863317/evaluating-promis-%C3%A2-applied-cognition-items-in-a-sample-of-older-adults-at-risk-for-cognitive-decline
#14
Molly Howland, Curtis Tatsuoka, Kathleen A Smyth, Martha Sajatovic
PROMIS(®) Applied Cognition is a short self-assessment of cognitive abilities and concerns that eliminates the need for a trained rater and provides online question banks that can be uniformly used across health care providers. This 12-month prospective study of 281 elderly individuals evaluates self-perceptions of cognitive functioning in relation to objective cognition, or assessment by an external rater, and compares PROMIS® Applied Cognition Abilities and Concerns subsets with commonly used "legacy" instruments...
November 1, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853872/-effects-of-psychosomatic-treatment-for-the-elderly-on-cognition-and-quality-of-life-naturalistic-study-at-the-psychosomatic-day-care-hospital-for-the-elderly-in-nuremberg
#15
Christina Wunner, Corinne Reichhart, Bernhard Strauss, Wolfgang Söllner
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In 2006 the psychosomatic day care hospital for the treatment of acute mental illness of elderly people opened as the first clinic of its kind in Germany. The aim of the study was to determine treatment effectiveness regarding quality of life and cognition. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Designed as a naturalistic study of a population sample of 116 patients, the cognitive capacity (memory performance and cognitive speed) and the subjective quality of life were measured by the Nuremberg aging inventory (NAI) and the World Health Organization quality of life for elderly persons (WHOQOL-OLD)...
November 16, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849279/oral-health-status-and-functional-capacity-in-the-elderly-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#16
Yan Nogueira Freitas, Kenio Costa Lima, Diviane Alves da Silva
Introduction: The study of oral health conditions and functional dependency in elderly people represents an important step toward the comprehension of the intervenient factors in the health care of this population. Purpose: This methodological note described strategies and methods adopted in a longitudinal study which has been analyzing the association of oral health conditions with functional dependence among the elderly population in a city located in the countryside of Northeastern Brazil...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847677/the-use-of-moca-and-other-cognitive-tests-in-evaluation-of-cognitive-impairment-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-arthroplasty
#17
Jukka Puustinen, Liisa Luostarinen, Markku Luostarinen, Veijo Pulliainen, Heini Huhtala, Marjo Soini, Jaana Suhonen
OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and effect of cognitive impairment on treatment outcomes in elderly patients undergoing arthroplasty and to describe the feasibility of cognitive tests. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The participants were 52 patients with a mean age of 78 years 11 months (SD: 3.3), waiting for primary arthroplasty. We translated Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) into Finnish and compared it with Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Mini-Cog, and clock-drawing tests prior to and 3 months after the surgery...
December 2016: Geriatric Orthopaedic Surgery & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846105/regular-exercise-and-depressive-symptoms-in-community-dwelling-elders-in-northern-taiwan
#18
Shu-Hung Chang, Nai-Hui Chien, Miao-Chuan Chen
BACKGROUND: According to World Health Organization, depressive disorder will be a Top 2 disease in the world by 2020. In light of Taiwan's rapidly increasing elderly population, elderly psychological health is expected to become an increasingly important issue in healthcare. PURPOSE: This study examines the association between regular exercise and depressive symptoms in community-dwelling older adults by gender in northern Taiwan. METHODS: The participants were selected using a probability-proportional-to-size procedure from community-dwelling adults who were aged 65 years or older and living in northern Taiwan...
December 2016: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843832/evaluation-of-quality-of-life-and-depression-levels-in-individuals-with-type-2-diabetes
#19
Ali Altınok, Kamile Marakoğlu, Nisa Çetin Kargın
INTRODUCTION: Improving the quality of life in diabetic individuals is known to reduce morbidity and mortality. We aimed to investigate the quality of life and depression symptomatology situations and the related factors in patients with Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) in this study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 440 adult patients with Type 2 DM and under treatment admitted to Selcuk University Family Medicine Outpatient Diabetes Education Clinic were included in the study...
April 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835995/relationship-between-health-related-quality-of-life-perceived-family-support-and-unmet-health-needs-in-adult-patients-with-multimorbidity-attending-primary-care-in-portugal-a-multicentre-cross-sectional-study
#20
Filipe Prazeres, Luiz Santiago
BACKGROUND: Multimorbidity has a high prevalence in the primary care context and it is frequently associated with worse health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Few studies evaluated the variables that could have a potential effect on HRQoL of primary care patients with multimorbidity. The purpose of this study, the first of its kind ever undertaken in Portugal, is to analyse the relationship between multimorbidity, health-related quality of life, perceived family support and unmet health needs in adult patients attending primary care...
November 11, 2016: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
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