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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917505/association-of-self-reported-discrimination-and-suicide-ideation-in-older-chinese-americans
#1
Lydia W Li, Gilbert C Gee, XinQi Dong
OBJECTIVE: This study examines racial discrimination as a potential novel risk factor for suicide ideation among older Chinese Americans. DESIGN: In a cross-sectional analysis, this study drew on data collected in the Population-based Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago on Chinese older adults age 60 + in the Greater Chicago area (N = 3,157). Thirty-day suicide ideation was a dichotomous variable, derived from items of the Physical Health Questionnaire and the Geriatric Mental State Examination-Version A...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916860/the-effect-of-migration-on-social-capital-and-depression-among-older-adults-in-china
#2
Qiuju Li, Xudong Zhou, Sha Ma, Minmin Jiang, Lu Li
PURPOSE: An estimated 9 million elderly people accompanied their adult children to urban areas in China, raising concerns about their social capital and mental health following re-location. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of migration on social capital and depression among this population. METHODS: Multistage stratified cluster sampling was applied to recruit the migrant and urban elderly in Hangzhou from May to August, 2013. Data were collected from face-to-face interviews by trained college students using a standardized questionnaire...
September 15, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910599/a-meta-analytic-review-on-social-relationships-and-suicidal-ideation-among-older-adults
#3
Qingsong Chang, Chee Hon Chan, Paul S F Yip
Social relationships play an important role in mental health as well as suicidal ideation in later life. In contrast with the other well-established risk factors, despite an increasing number of related studies, no meta-analyses focusing on social relationships and late-life suicidal ideation have been published. Synthesis of data across the studies using different measurements of social relationships would allow for comparison of the effects on late-life suicidal ideation that have not been studied before...
September 5, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904715/awareness-of-hypertension-and-its-impact-on-blood-pressure-control-among-elderly-nigerians-report-from-the-ibadan-study-of-aging
#4
Yemi Raheem Raji, Taiwo Abiona, Oye Gureje
INTRODUCTION: Hypertension is highly prevalent among the elderly. Its awareness has a direct influence on control through drug adherence. Earlier studies have shown that awareness of hypertension is low among sub-Saharan African populations but only a few studies have looked at the prevalence and awareness of hypertension among the elderly. METHODS: The Ibadan Study of Ageing is a longitudinal cohort study of the mental and physical health status as well as the functioning of elderly persons residing in the Yoruba-speaking areas of Nigeria...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901279/role-of-physical-exercise-and-omega-3-fatty-acids-on-depressive-illness-in-the-elderly
#5
Stefano Farioli-Vecchioli, Stefano Sacchetti, Vittoria Nicolis di Robilant, Debora Cutuli
BACKGROUND: In adulthood, depression is the most common type of mental illness and will be the second leading cause of disease by 2020. Major depression dramatically affects the function of the central nervous system and degrades life quality, especially during aging. Several mechanisms underlie the pathophysiology of depressive illness, given it has a multifactorial etiology. Human and animal studies have demonstrated that depression is mainly associated with imbalances in neurotransmitters and neurotrophins, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis alterations, brain volume changes, neurogenesis dysfunction, and dysregulation of inflammatory pathways...
September 11, 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899766/health-relevance-of-the-modification-of-low-grade-inflammation-in-ageing-inflammageing-and-the-role-of-nutrition
#6
REVIEW
Philip C Calder, Nabil Bosco, Raphaëlle Bourdet-Sicard, Lucile Capuron, Nathalie Delzenne, Joel Doré, Claudio Franceschi, Markus J Lehtinen, Tobias Recker, Stefano Salvioli, Francesco Visioli
Ageing of the global population has become a public health concern with an important socio-economic dimension. Ageing is characterised by an increase in the concentration of inflammatory markers in the bloodstream, a phenomenon that has been termed "inflammageing". The inflammatory response is beneficial as an acute, transient reaction to harmful conditions, facilitating the defence, repair, turnover and adaptation of many tissues. However, chronic and low grade inflammation is likely to be detrimental for many tissues and for normal functions...
September 9, 2017: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894703/health-related-quality-of-life-and-mental-health-of-elderly-by-occupational-status
#7
Yeunhee Kwak, Yoonjung Kim
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify the association between health-related quality of life and mental health by elderly Koreans' occupational status. METHODS: This descriptive cross-sectional study consisted of a secondary analysis of data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V-3 (2012). The sample comprised 1431 people aged 65 yr and older. RESULTS: Compared to participants employed, those not showed lower HRQOL...
August 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887605/the-possible-protective-effect-of-marital-status-in-quality-of-life-among-elders-in-a-u-s-mexico-border-city
#8
Marisela Gutiérrez-Vega, Oscar Armando Esparza-Del Villar, Irene Concepción Carrillo-Saucedo, Priscila Montañez-Alvarado
The purpose of this study was to determine how marital status may have an impact on quality of life in a group of older adults living in a U.S.-Mexico border city. Two-hundred and seventy-six older adults completed the Spanish version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment, composed of four domains: physical health, psychological health, social relationships, and environment. Participants answered a measure of sociodemographic variables. In the psychological health component of quality of life, single and married older adults had the highest scores as compared to widowed and divorced...
September 8, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886736/what-do-we-know-about-the-needs-and-challenges-of-health-systems-a-scoping-review-of-the-international-literature
#9
Federico Roncarolo, Antoine Boivin, Jean-Louis Denis, Rejean Hébert, Pascale Lehoux
BACKGROUND: While there is an extensive literature on Health System (HS) strengthening and on the performance of specific HSs, there are few exhaustive syntheses of the challenges HSs are facing worldwide. This paper reports the findings of a scoping review aiming to classify the challenges of HSs investigated in the scientific literature. Specifically, it determines the kind of research conducted on HS challenges, where it was performed, in which health sectors and on which populations...
September 8, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880438/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-among-chinese-older-adults-with-depression
#10
Ning Li, Gong Chen, Ping Zeng, Jing Pang, Huan Gong, Yiwen Han, Yan Zhang, Enyi Zhang, Tiemei Zhang, Xiaoying Zheng
AIM: Depression and mild cognitive impairment (MCI) are common among older adults. Most of the existing studies were carried out in developed countries, and evidence from developing countries are lacking. In the present study, using a national sample, we aimed to describe the prevalence of MCI and its associated factors among Chinese older adults with depression. METHOD: The present study uses data from a national survey of the 2011 Comprehensive Assessment of Elderly Health, which involved 8113 older adults from eight provinces or municipalities directly under the Central Government of six regions in China...
September 7, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880346/-rom-for-the-elderly-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-the-outcomes-on-the-honos-65-in-various-diagnostic-groups
#11
M L M Hermens, M A Nugter, N Mooij, A W Hoogendoorn, G E van Son, S Robbers, M M van Bueren, A T F Beekman, J Theunissen
Routine outcome monitoring (rom) provides us with opportunities to study treatment outcome in daily clinical practice and to learn from the results.<br/> AIM: To assess the changes that occur in the psychological and social functioning of patients in geriatric psychiatry who are suffering from substance dependence, mood disorder, anxiety disorder, psychotic disorder, or personality disorder.<br/> METHOD: We analysed data relating to 1,810 patients (aged 60-101) from nine mental health care organisations that together form SynQuest cv...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877202/shorter-dialysis-session-length-was-not-associated-with-lower-mental-health-and-physical-functioning-in-elderly-hemodialysis-patients-results-from-the-japan-dialysis-outcome-and-practice-patterns-study-j-dopps
#12
Masashi Kitagawa, Ken-Ei Sada, Norikazu Hinamoto, Miho Kimachi, Yosuke Yamamoto, Yoshihiro Onishi, Shunichi Fukuhara
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQOL) is often prioritized over long-term survival in elderly patients. Although a longer dialysis session length (DSL) has been shown to reduce mortality, its effects on improving the HRQOL are unknown. METHODS: Using data from the Japan Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (J-DOPPS), patients aged ≥ 65 years on maintenance hemodialysis were enrolled. DSL was categorized as short (<210 minutes), medium (210-240 minutes), or long (>240 minutes)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876308/the-need-to-promote-sexual-health-in-america-a-new-vision-for-public-health-action
#13
Jessie V Ford, Megan B Ivankovich, John M Douglas, Edward W Hook, Lynn Barclay, Joycelyn Elders, David Satcher, Eli Coleman
Sexual health is considered to be a state of wellness with physical, emotional, mental, and social dimensions. Sexual health can contribute to our overall well-being in each of these dimensions. However, despite the intrinsic importance and positive aspects of sexuality in our lives, the United States presently faces significant challenges related to the sexual health of its citizens, including human immunodeficiency virus, other sexually transmitted infections, viral hepatitis, unintended pregnancies, sexual violence, sexual dysfunction, and cancers in reproductive tracts with serious disparities among the populations affected...
June 28, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871311/-multiprofessional-outpatient-psychosocial-treatment-for-elderly-patients-with-mental-disorders
#14
REVIEW
L P Hölzel, M Härter, M Hüll
Mental disorders contribute substantially to the loss of quality of life and life expectancy in old age. Life expectancy is reduced especially by the bidirectional interaction with heart diseases, diabetes mellitus as well as the depression-specific risk of suicide. Depression in old age is a strong risk factor for nursing home placement, which is usually an undesired outcome for older people. Utilization of mental health services is hindered by self-stigmatization and prejudice; however, according to recent surveys older people increasingly value psychotherapeutic services...
September 4, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868891/anticholinergic-burden-in-older-inpatients-on-psychotropic-medication-do-we-care
#15
Mei Shiang Lee, Steve Kisely, Boris Zolotarev, Andrew Warren, Jack Henderson, Manoj George
OBJECTIVES: This quality activity explored the prescribing patterns in an Older Persons Mental Health Inpatient Unit in order to establish whether the Anticholinergic Cognitive Burden Scale (ACB Scale) score on admission was reviewed to minimise anticholinergic cognitive burden (ACB) while maintaining therapeutic effects. METHODS: A retrospective electronic chart review of 50 discharged patients for any documented ACB review by the treating team, as well as the ACB Scale scores on admission and discharge...
September 1, 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868067/cerebrospinal-fluid-apolipoprotein-e-levels-in-delirium
#16
Gideon A Caplan, JIan Tai, Fazrul Mohd Hanizan, Catherine L McVeigh, Mark A Hill, Anne Poljak
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Delirium and the apolipoprotein E ε4 allele are risk factors for late-onset Alzheimer disease (LOAD), but the connection is unclear. We looked for an association. METHODS: Inpatients with delirium (n = 18) were compared with LOAD outpatients (n = 19), assaying blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) using multiplex ELISA. RESULTS: The patients with delirium had a higher Confusion Assessment Method (CAM) score (5.6 ± 1.2 vs. 0...
May 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders Extra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855464/the-effects-of-quality-of-life-on-behavioral-and-psychological-symptoms-in-elderly-people-with-dementia-residing-at-long-term-care-facilities
#17
Mizue Suzuki, Hideyuki Hattori, Koji Fukuda, Hajime Ooshiro, Takayuki Saruhara, Yoshie Furuta, Kunihiko Abe, Masao Kanamori
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to clarify how quality of life (QOL) affects the behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSDs) among elderly individuals with dementia within long-term care facilities (e.g., long-term healthcare facilities, sanatorium-type medical facilities, and special nursing homes for the elderly). METHODS: Elderly individuals with dementia were evaluated to determine their activities of daily living (ADL; Katz), Mini-mental State Examination (MMSE), Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI), and Quality of life inventory for the elderly with dementia (QOLD) scores...
2017: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851276/effects-of-horticultural-therapy-on-elderly-health-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Hui Yu Chan, Roger Chun-Man Ho, Rathi Mahendran, Kheng Siang Ng, Wilson Wai-San Tam, Iris Rawtaer, Chay Hoon Tan, Anis Larbi, Lei Feng, Angelia Sia, Maxel Kian-Wee Ng, Goh Lee Gan, Ee Heok Kua
BACKGROUND: Due to a rapidly ageing population in the world, it is increasingly pertinent to promote successful ageing strategies which are cost-effective, easily accessible, and more likely to be acceptable to the elderly. Past research associates exposure to natural environments and horticultural therapy (HT) with positive psychological, social and physical health benefits. This Randomized Controlled Trial (RCT) is designed to evaluate the efficacy of HT in promoting Asian elderly' mental health, cognitive functioning and physical health...
August 29, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838778/outbreaks-of-influenza-b-infection-and-pneumococcal-pneumonia-at-a-mental-health-facility-in-japan
#19
Yoshitaka Yamazaki, Norihiko Goto, Naoya Iwanami, Mineyuki Hama, Noriko Fujiwara, Yuko Takahashi, Maki Sekiguchi, Bin Chang, Munehiro Yamazaki
BACKGROUND: Japan has an aging population and an increasing number of patients who reside in long-term care and mental health facilities. Both pneumococcal pneumonia and influenza B infection outbreaks have been observed in these populations, although no reports have described concurrent outbreaks of pneumococcal pneumonia and influenza B infection in these facilities. CASE PRESENTATION: Six patients and two staffs were initially diagnosed with influenza B infection at a mental health facility on March 14, 2015...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28836493/developing-a-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-package-following-hip-fracture-and-testing-in-a-randomised-feasibility-study-fracture-in-the-elderly-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-femur
#20
Nefyn H Williams, Jessica L Roberts, Nafees Ud Din, Joanna M Charles, Nicola Totton, Michelle Williams, Kevin Mawdesley, Claire A Hawkes, Val Morrison, Andrew Lemmey, Rhiannon T Edwards, Zoe Hoare, Aaron W Pritchard, Robert T Woods, Swapna Alexander, Catherine Sackley, Pip Logan, Clare Wilkinson, Jo Rycroft-Malone
BACKGROUND: Proximal femoral fracture is a major health problem in old age, with annual UK health and social care costs of £2.3B. Rehabilitation has the potential to maximise functional recovery and maintain independent living, but evidence of clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness is lacking. OBJECTIVES: To develop an enhanced community-based rehabilitation package following surgical treatment for proximal femoral fracture and to assess acceptability and feasibility for a future definitive randomised controlled trial (RCT) and economic evaluation...
August 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
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