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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525988/positive-and-negative-influences-of-social-participation-on-physical-and-mental-health-among-community-dwelling-elderly-aged-65-70%C3%A2-years-a-cross-sectional-study-in-japan
#1
Kimiko Tomioka, Norio Kurumatani, Hiroshi Hosoi
BACKGROUND: Although numerous investigations have indicated that social participation (SP) has positive effects on the health of older adults, there have been few studies on its negative health consequences. We examined the cross-sectional associations of the type, frequency, and autonomy for SP with physical and mental health. METHODS: The analytical subjects were 5126 males and 7006 females who were functionally independent, born between 1945 and 1949, and covered by A City's medical insurance system...
May 19, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515634/difference-in-quality-of-life-and-associated-factors-among-the-elderly-in-rural-vietnam
#2
REVIEW
T Van Nguyen, H Van Nguyen, T Duc Nguyen, T Van Nguyen, T The Nguyen
BACKGROUND: In Vietnam today, many generations remain living together in a family. With escalating urbanization and population aging, mental health disorders and the quality of life (QoL) among the elderly are gradually presenting themselves as of great concern. The objective of this study was to examine gender differences in QoL and some associated factors among the elderly in rural Vietnam using the QoL scale of WHO (WHOQOL-BREF). METHODS: A cross-sectional study using quantitative methods...
March 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515187/reducing-social-isolation-and-loneliness-in-older-people-a-systematic-review-protocol
#3
Filipa Landeiro, Paige Barrows, Ellen Nuttall Musson, Alastair M Gray, José Leal
INTRODUCTION: Social isolation and loneliness affect approximately one-third to one-half of the elderly population and have a negative impact on their physical and mental health. Group-based interventions where facilitators are well trained and where the elderly are actively engaged in their development seem to be more effective, but conclusions have been limited by weak study designs. We aim to conduct a systematic review to assess the effectiveness of health promotion interventions on social isolation or loneliness in older people...
May 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511740/the-association-between-cognitive-decline-and-incident-depressive-symptoms-in-a-sample-of-older-puerto-rican-adults-with-diabetes
#4
Tyler Bell, Ana Luisa Dávila, Olivio Clay, Kyriakos S Markides, Ross Andel, Michael Crowe
BACKGROUND: Older Puerto Rican adults have particularly high risk of diabetes compared to the general US population. Diabetes is associated with both higher depressive symptoms and cognitive decline, but less is known about the longitudinal relationship between cognitive decline and incident depressive symptoms in those with diabetes. This study investigated the association between cognitive decline and incident depressive symptoms in older Puerto Rican adults with diabetes over a four-year period...
May 17, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510785/the-impact-of-leisure-on-mental-health-of-sardinian-elderly-from-the-blue-zone-evidence-for-ageing-well
#5
Maria Chiara Fastame, Paul Kenneth Hitchcott, Maria Pietronilla Penna
BACKGROUND: There has been scientific interest in the Sardinia population for a number of years and for a variety of reasons, including its extreme longevity. This is especially prevalent in the central-eastern region of the island, where a blue zone region has been precisely delineated. AIMS: The present study examines the influence of leisure activities on psychological well-being and depressive symptoms in elderly individuals living in the blue zone region of inner Sardinia...
May 16, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510288/the-relationship-of-physiopsychosocial-factors-and-spiritual-well-being-in-elderly-residents-implications-for-evidence-based-practice
#6
Yi-Heng Chen, Li-Chan Lin, Li-Lan Chuang, Mei-Li Chen
BACKGROUND: Older adults in residential settings frequently suffer from functional decline, mental illness, and social isolation, which make them more vulnerable to spiritual distress. However, empirical evidence of the interrelationships between physiopsychosocial variables and spiritual well-being are still lacking, limiting the application of the biopsychosocial-spiritual model in institutional healthcare practice. AIMS: To explain the mechanisms by which these variables are linked, this cross-sectional study tested a causal model of predictors of spiritual well-being among 377 institutionalized older adults with disability using a structural equation modeling approach...
May 16, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507563/can-coffee-consumption-lower-the-risk-of-alzheimer-s-disease-and-parkinson-s-disease-a-literature-review
#7
Regina Wierzejska
In light of the fact that the number of elderly citizens in society is steadily increasing, the search for dietary factors which might prolong mental agility is growing in significance. Coffee, together with its main ingredient, caffeine, has been the focus of much attention from various researchers, as data on its beneficial effects on human health continue to accumulate. Most reports indicate that moderate coffee consumption may in fact lower the risk for common neurodegenerative conditions, i.e. Alzheimer's and Parkinson's diseases...
April 1, 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505541/retirement-blues
#8
Gabriel Heller-Sahlgren
This paper analyses the short- and longer-term effects of retirement on mental health in ten European countries. It exploits thresholds created by state pension ages in an individual-fixed effects instrumental-variable set-up, borrowing intuitions from the regression-discontinuity design literature, to deal with endogeneity in retirement behaviour. The results display no short-term effects of retirement on mental health, but a large negative longer-term impact. This impact survives a battery of robustness tests, and applies to women and men as well as people of different educational and occupational backgrounds similarly...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493371/effects-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-on-improvement-of-cognition-in-elderly-patients-with-cognitive-impairment-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Calvin Pak Wing Cheng, Corine Sau Man Wong, Kelsey Kimyin Lee, Alfred Pui Kam Chan, Jerry Wing Fai Yeung, Wai Chi Chan
OBJECTIVE: This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to examine the effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on cognitive function in older patients with cognitive impairment. METHODS: A literature search was performed for articles published in English using the 10 databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, INSPEC, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature Plus, AMED, Biological Sciences, ClinicalTrials.gov, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews) from their inception to May 2016...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492456/calmer-life-a-hybrid-effectiveness-implementation-trial-for-late-life-anxiety-conducted-in-low-income-mental-health-underserved-communities
#10
Srijana Shrestha, Nancy Wilson, Mark E Kunik, Paula Wagener, Amber B Amspoker, Terri Barrera, Jessica Freshour, Cynthia Kraus-Schuman, Jane Bavineau, Maria Turner, Melinda A Stanley
OBJECTIVE: Anxiety is common among older adults and is associated with multiple negative outcomes. Late-life anxiety is usually unrecognized by providers and undertreated, although evidence supports the effectiveness of psychosocial treatment. Access to mental health care is especially poor among African American seniors. New treatment models are needed to expand the reach of mental health care to minority elders. METHODS: Our article outlines a study designed to test the effectiveness and implementation potential of Calmer Life (CL), a community-based, person-centered, flexible and culturally tailored intervention for late-life anxiety and worry, offered in low-income, mental health-underserved and predominantly African American communities...
May 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492059/severity-of-memory-impairment-in-the-elderly-association-with-health-care-resource-use-and-functional-limitations-in-the-united-states
#11
Myrlene Sanon Aigbogun, Robert Stellhorn, Holly Krasa, Dusan Kostic
INTRODUCTION: Dementia is a prevalent condition in older adults associated with decline in cognitive and functional abilities and substantial burden. This study assessed the prevalence and impact of subjective memory impairment in the United States. METHODS: The 2011 to 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a population-based, nationally representative survey, was analyzed. Data included medical examinations, self-reported cognitive and functional limitations, and health care utilization over 1 year...
2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479898/aerobic-exercise-improves-quality-of-life-psychological-well-being-and-systemic-inflammation-in-subjects-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#12
Shehab M Abd El-Kader, Osama H Al-Jiffri
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease has a destructive drawbacks on the patient and his/her entire family as this disease badly af fects the behavior, cognition and abilities to do activities of daily living (ADL). The physical and mental benefits of exercise are widely known but seldom available to persons suffering from Alzheimer's disease. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to measure quality of life, systemic inflammation and psychological well-being response to aerobic exercises in Alzheimer's...
December 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475664/dynamical-resilience-indicators-in-time-series-of-self-rated-health-correspond-to-frailty-levels-in-older-adults
#13
Sanne M W Gijzel, Ingrid A van de Leemput, Marten Scheffer, Mattia Roppolo, Marcel G M Olde Rikkert, René J F Melis
Background: We currently still lack valid methods to dynamically measure resilience for stressors before the appearance of adverse health outcomes that hamper well-being. Quantifying an older adult's resilience in an early stage would aid complex decision-making in health care. Translating complex dynamical systems theory to humans, we hypothesized that three dynamical indicators of resilience (variance, temporal autocorrelation, and cross-correlation) in time series of self-rated physical, mental, and social health were associated with frailty levels in older adults...
May 5, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474752/parents-experiences-of-caring-for-preterm-infants-after-discharge-with-grandmothers-as-their-main-support
#14
Esther Abena Adama, Sara Bayes, Deborah Sundin
AIM: To explore parents of preterm infants' experiences of caring for their preterm infants with the grandmother as their primary support after discharge. BACKGROUND: Preterm delivery is the major cause of high neonatal mortality in Sub-Saharan Africa. There is poor neonatal health outcome in the Ghanaian community with some illnesses culturally classified as not-for-hospital. In the community, grandmothers or elderly women provide support for new parents and decide treatment options for sick infants...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474412/mental-health-literacy-in-korean-older-adults-a-cross-sectional-survey
#15
Young Sun Kim, Hee Yun Lee, Mi Hwa Lee, Tina Simms, Byung Hyun Park
INTRODUCTIO: Korea is experiencing rapid population aging, spurring an increased need for mental health services for the elderly. Approximately one-third of Korean older adults experience depressive symptoms, and Korea has the highest elder suicide rate among 34 developed nations. Mental health literacy is an important component of promoting mental health, yet studies on the concept have been conducted in few countries. AIM: This study examines the level of mental health literacy among Korean older adults, and identifies factors associated with their mental health literacy...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471943/clinical-implications-of-aging-with-hiv-infection-perspectives-and-the-future-medical-care-agenda
#16
Giovanni Guaraldi, Frank J Palella
: The increasing number of aging HIV-infected (HIV+) persons comprises a unique population at risk for illnesses and syndromes traditionally associated with the elderly. As a result, similar to the current need for primary care providers to manage chronic noninfectious comorbidities among aging persons with well controlled HIV infection, HIV clinical care will need to routinely involve geriatric medicine in a new HIV-geriatric discipline. The objective of this article is to provide a conceptual framework in which HIV and geriatric management considerations for healthcare professionals caring for HIV+ persons are integrated...
June 1, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469046/gender-specific-predictors-of-depressive-symptoms-among-community-elderly
#17
Mahbobeh Faramarzi, Mahla Cheraghi, Mohammad Zamani, Farzan Kheirkhah, Ali Bijani, Seyed Reza Hosseini
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine the gender-specific predictors of depressive symptoms among an Iranian elderly community population. STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional study. METHODS: This study was performed on elderly subjects (aged ≥60 yr) who participated in the Amirkola Health and Aging Project, Amirkola, Babol, northern Iran in 2011-12. Depression was assessed by the Geriatric Depression Scale. Fourteen variables, including marital status, age, education, occupation, living alone, social support, dependency in daily activities, physical activity, smoking, body mass index, chronic pain, medicine use, comorbidities, and cognitive impairment, were analyzed as predictors of depression...
April 29, 2017: Journal of Research in Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459143/testosterone-deficiency-and-nocturia-a-review
#18
REVIEW
Kazuyoshi Shigehara, Koji Izumi, Atsushi Mizokami, Mikio Namiki
Nocturia causes lack of sleep and excessive daytime somnolence, reducing overall well-being, vitality, productivity, and mental health. Nocturia is significantly associated with testosterone deficiency, lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS), and sleep disorders. The development of LUTS is commonly associated with testosterone deficiency in elderly men, and recent studies have suggested that testosterone has an ameliorative effect on nocturia. In hypogonadal men with nocturia, a negative feedback cycle can arise, in which testosterone deficiency leads to the development of nocturia, and nocturia contributes to the decline in testosterone levels...
April 2017: World Journal of Men's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454520/physical-inactivity-and-self-reported-depression-among-middle-and-older-aged-population-in-south-asia-world-health-survey
#19
Ghose Bishwajit, Daniel Peter O'Leary, Sharmistha Ghosh, Sanni Yaya, Tang Shangfeng, Zhanchun Feng
BACKGROUND: With the increase in the understanding of the influence of various lifestyle factors such as sedentary behaviour and level of physical activity (PA) on physical and mental health, there has been a growing research interest on how physical inactivity correlates with depressive outcomes across countries. The present study aimed to examine 1) the pattern of engaging in PA among middle- and older-aged population in four South Asian countries, and 2) whether PA is associated with higher prevalence of depression...
April 28, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452673/improving-mental-health-in-the-community-outcome-evaluation-of-a-geriatric-mental-health-day-treatment-service
#20
Christine A Knight, Richard M Alarie
OBJECTIVES: This program evaluation reviewed the outcomes of a new 10-week multi-modal mental health day treatment program for elderly clients with mood and anxiety disorders. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of clients admitted during the first 3 years of the program (N = 255) was conducted. Paired sample t-tests were used to compare admission and discharge data. Focus groups were run with clients who attended the program during the previous months, to delineate the strengths of the program and to identify areas for improvement...
March 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
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