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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062982/psychiatric-comorbidities-among-breast-cancer-survivors-in-south-korea-a-nationwide-population-based-study
#1
Jaesung Heo, Mison Chun, Young-Taek Oh, O Kyu Noh, Logyoung Kim
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of mental disorders in breast cancer survivors using claims data from the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service in South Korea. We also analyzed patterns of mental disorders with respect to the time of diagnosis and age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We confirmed mental disorders in a nationwide cohort of 87,843 people who were diagnosed with invasive breast cancer and underwent surgery between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2014...
January 7, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056068/the-association-between-polypharmacy-and-dementia-a-nested-case-control-study-based-on-a-12-year-longitudinal-cohort-database-in-south-korea
#2
Hae-Young Park, Ji-Won Park, Hong Ji Song, Hyun Soon Sohn, Jin-Won Kwon
Dementia is a major concern among growing chronic diseases in the aging society and its association with polypharmacy has not been adequately assessed. The objective of this study was to determine the association between polypharmacy and dementia through multiple statistical approaches. We conducted a nested case-control study for newly diagnosed dementia cases using the South Korean National Health Insurance Service sample cohort database (2002-2013, n = 1,025,340). Interactions between polypharmacy (an average use of ≥5 prescription drugs daily) and comorbidities or potentially inappropriate medications (PIMs) were tested...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049503/effects-of-a-mutual-recovery-intervention-on-mental-health-in-depressed-elderly-community-dwelling-adults-a-pilot-study
#3
Chao Wang, Yujie Hua, Hua Fu, Longfeng Cheng, Wen Qian, Junyang Liu, Paul Crawford, Junming Dai
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of depression in the elderly is growing worldwide, and the population aging in China makes depression a major health problem for the elderly adults and a tremendous burden to the society. Effective interventions should be determined to provide an approach solving the problem and improving the situation. This study examined the effectiveness of a mutual recovery program intervention on depressive symptom, sleep quality, and well-being in community-dwelling elderly adults with depressive symptom in Shanghai...
January 3, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049443/performance-of-edmonton-frail-scale-on-frailty-assessment-its-association-with-multi-dimensional-geriatric-conditions-assessed-with-specific-screening-tools
#4
Simone Perna, Matthew D'Arcy Francis, Chiara Bologna, Francesca Moncaglieri, Antonella Riva, Paolo Morazzoni, Pietro Allegrini, Antonio Isu, Beatrice Vigo, Fabio Guerriero, Mariangela Rondanelli
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of Edmonton Frail Scale (EFS) on frailty assessment in association with multi-dimensional conditions assessed with specific screening tools and to explore the prevalence of frailty by gender. METHODS: We enrolled 366 hospitalised patients (women\men: 251\115), mean age 81.5 years. The EFS was given to the patients to evaluate their frailty. Then we collected data concerning cognitive status through Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), health status (evaluated with the number of diseases), functional independence (Barthel Index and Activities Daily Living; BI, ADL, IADL), use of drugs (counting of drugs taken every day), Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), Skeletal Muscle Index of sarcopenia (SMI), osteoporosis and functionality (Handgrip strength)...
January 4, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049071/pathways-from-neighborhood-poverty-to-depression-among-older-adults
#5
Spruha Joshi, Stephen J Mooney, Andrew G Rundle, James W Quinn, John R Beard, Magdalena Cerdá
The pathways through which neighborhood poverty can affect resident depression are still unknown. We investigated mechanisms through which neighborhood poverty may influence depression among older adults. Participants were drawn from the New York City Neighborhood and Mental Health in the Elderly Study II, a 3-wave study of adults aged 65-75 (n=3,497) at baseline. Neighborhood poverty and homicide were associated with depressive symptoms at follow-up waves (RR:1.20, 95%CI: 1.05, 1.36; RR: 1.09, 95%CI: 1.02, 1...
December 31, 2016: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029675/an-overview-of-menopausal-symptoms-in-a-district-hospital-of-nepal
#6
S Gupta, K Acharya, P Srivastav, P K Gurung, N Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Menopause is a universal reproductive phenomenon which confirms the end of fertility of the women. The objectives of this study were to establish the age of natural menopause and to identify the prevalence of menopausal symptoms among the rural women attending district hospital of Nepal. METHODS: This present study is a hospital based, observational cross-sectional study conducted in Outpatient department of Lamjung District Hospital, Lamjung, Nepal...
October 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028465/the-effect-of-cognitive-training-on-the-subjective-perception-of-well-being-in-older-adults
#7
Vladimír Bureš, Pavel Čech, Jaroslava Mikulecká, Daniela Ponce, Kamil Kuca
BACKGROUND: There is a growing number of studies indicating the major consequences of the subjective perception of well-being on mental health and healthcare use. However, most of the cognitive training research focuses more on the preservation of cognitive function than on the implications of the state of well-being. This secondary analysis of data from a randomised controlled trial investigated the effects of individualised television-based cognitive training on self-rated well-being using the WHO-5 index while considering gender and education as influencing factors...
2016: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025490/a-model-of-health-for-family-caregivers-of-elders
#8
Florence M Weierbach, Yan Cao
: Family members who provide care to their loved ones experience changes in their own health. The caregiver health model (CGHM) is a new model that identifies health holistically and identifies four determinant(s) that contribute to the health status of the family caregiver. The purpose is to introduce the CGHM: Hypothesis 1: the determinants of health in the CGHM contribute to the health of the Caregiver, Hypothesis 2: the determinants of health contribute to changes in the caregivers' health at 8 and 16 weeks, and Hypothesis 3: a change in health occurs from baseline to 8 and 16 weeks...
December 22, 2016: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28001259/health-related-quality-of-life-in-brazilian-community-dwelling-and-institutionalized-elderly-comparison-between-genders
#9
Gabriel Grizzo Cucato, Raphael Mendes Ritti-Dias, Maysa Seabra Cendoroglo, José Maria Maluf DE Carvalho, Fábio Nasri, Maria Luiza Monteiro Costa, Luciana Diniz Nagem Janot DE Matos, Fábio Gazelato DE Mello Franco
Objective: To compare the health-related quality of life (HRQL) indicators between institutionalized and community-dwelling elderly men and women. Method: This was a cross-sectional study with a sample of 496 elderly men and women, surveyed by researchers at a private hospital that attends institutionalized and community-dwelling elderly. HRQL (World Health Organization Quality of Life), daily living activities (Katz questionnaire), and instrumental daily living activities (Lawton questionnaire), mini-mental state examination, handgrip strength test, and function capacity (timed up and go test) were obtained...
December 2016: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998320/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-attempted-suicide-in-the-elderly-a-cross-sectional-study-in-shanghai-china
#10
Wei Zhang, Hansheng Ding, Peng Su, Qin Xu, Lixia Du, Chunyan Xie, Rong Chen, Yitong Yang, Chunlin Jin, Guangfeng Duan, Yang Li, Lingling Gong, Wenhua Tian
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have thoroughly investigated the prevalence and risk factors for completed suicide. In marked contrast is the lack of a better understanding of attempted suicide in the elderly. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of attempted suicide in the elderly and examine the associated factors. METHODS: Using a multi-stage cluster sampling approach, a cross-sectional survey of 8,399 elderly house-dwelling residents was conducted in Shanghai, China...
December 21, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27996114/mexican-american-dementia-nomogram-development-of-a-dementia-risk-index-for-mexican-american-older-adults
#11
Brian Downer, Amit Kumar, Sreenivas P Veeranki, Hemalkumar B Mehta, Mukaila Raji, Kyriakos S Markides
OBJECTIVES: To create a risk index (Mexican American Dementia Nomogram (MADeN)) that predicts dementia over a 10-year period for Mexican Americans aged 65 and older. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study with longitudinal analysis. SETTING: Texas, New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona, and California. PARTICIPANTS: Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Study of the Elderly (H-EPESE) participants (n = 1,739). MEASUREMENTS: Dementia was defined as a decline of three or more points per year on the Mini-Mental State Examination and inability to perform one or more daily activities...
December 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994445/are-older-people-more-vulnerable-to-long-term-impacts-of-disasters
#12
Hassan Rafiey, Yadollah Abolfathi Momtaz, Fardin Alipour, Hamidreza Khankeh, Shokoufeh Ahmadi, Mohammad Sabzi Khoshnami, Sharifah Azizah Haron
BACKGROUND: Despite the growing interest in the study of disasters, there is limited research addressing the elderly population that lead to prejudiced beliefs that older adults are more vulnerable to disasters than younger adults. This study aimed to compare positive mental health between elderly and young earthquake survivors. METHOD: Data for this study, consisting of 324 earthquake survivors, were obtained from a population-based cross-sectional survey conducted in Iran, 2015...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993249/-prevalence-of-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-on-people-with-chronic-conditions-results-from-the-national-mental-health-survey-in-colombia-2015
#13
Nathalie Tamayo Martínez, Carlos Gómez-Restrepo, Sandra Ramírez, María Nelcy Rodríguez
INTRODUCTION: The study of mental disorders in people with chronic conditions recognises the importance of actively seeking and treating both, since chronic conditions have a higher prevalence than mental disorders and their comorbidity generates greater burden than if each one was considered separately. OBJECTIVES: To measure the prevalence of mood disorders and anxiety in a Colombian population of 12 years and older and with and without different chronic conditions...
December 2016: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991648/quality-of-life-perceptions-and-health-satisfaction-of-older-adults-with-end-stage-renal-disease-a-systematic-review
#14
Seki A Balogun, Rasheed Balogun, John Philbrick, Emaad Abdel-Rahman
OBJECTIVES: To explore the quality of life (QOL), perceptions, and health satisfaction of older adults with end-stage renal disease (ESRD) undergoing renal replacement therapy (RRT). DESIGN: Systematic review of literature. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with ESRD undergoing RRT aged 65 and older. MEASUREMENTS: Articles identified from PubMed database search from January 1994 to December 2014. The methodological quality of each of the selected articles was assessed using eight standards adapted from well-established research quality review criteria...
December 19, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991477/nutritional-status-and-outcomes-in-hemodialysis-patients-from-the-gulf-cooperation-council-countries-enrolled-in-the-dialysis-outcome-and-practice-patterns-study-phase-5-2012-2015
#15
Fadwa S Al-Ali, Brian A Bieber, Ronald L Pisoni, Hany Ezzat, Mohammed AlGhonaim, Fayez AlHejaili, Sumaya AlGhareeb, Abdulkarim Saleh, Yacoub Al Maimani, Anas Alyousef, Haroun Z Ahmed, Abdullah Hamad
Nutrition is an important factor in maintaining good health of hemodialysis (HD) patients, affecting their morbidity and mortality. The Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) is an international observational study assessing differences in dialysis practices and outcomes across >20 countries. Here, we present the results for the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries regarding nutrition data and its relationship with outcomes as a part of the DOPPS Phase 5 study (2012-2015). Data were from Phase 5 of the DOPPS...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27987093/quality-of-life-of-older-african-american-breast-cancer-survivors-a-population-based-study
#16
Harveshp D Mogal, Marissa Howard-McNatt, Rebecca Dodson, Nora F Fino, Clancy J Clark
INTRODUCTION: Factors associated with lower health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among older African American (AA) breast cancer survivors (BCS) have not been elucidated. METHODS: Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results-Medicare Health Outcome Survey linked dataset, all resected AA BCS over 65 were identified. Using the most recent survey after diagnosis, individuals with a VR12 physical (PCS) or mental (MCS) component score 10 points lower than the median were categorized as having poor HRQOL...
December 16, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27975302/vitamin-d-deficiency-is-associated-with-functional-decline-and-falls-in-frail-elderly-women-despite-supplementation
#17
M P Kotlarczyk, S Perera, M A Ferchak, D A Nace, N M Resnick, S L Greenspan
: We examined the impact of daily supplementation on vitamin D deficiency, function, and falls in female long-term care residents. Initial vitamin D deficiency was associated with greater functional decline and increased fall risk despite guideline-recommended supplementation, highlighting the importance of preventing vitamin D deficiency in frail elderly. INTRODUCTION: Institute of Medicine (IOM) guidelines recommend 800 IU vitamin D daily for older adults and maintaining serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH) D] above 20 ng/ml for optimal skeletal health...
December 15, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968901/neighbouring-green-space-and-all-cause-mortality-in-elderly-people-in-hong-kong-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#18
Dan Wang, Kevin Ka-Lun Lau, Ruby H Y Yu, Samuel Y S Wong, Timothy C Y Kwok, Jean Woo
BACKGROUND: The worldwide trend in population ageing has been met by a concomitant research interest in the effect of environmental factors on the health of elderly people. Green space is an important constituent of the living environment, with regard to modifying local air quality and microclimate, and has been qualitatively shown to benefit both physical and psychological aspects of health through several pathways. We aimed to quantitatively and comprehensively evaluate the effect of green space on all-cause mortality in elderly people in Hong Kong...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968836/effects-of-a-peer-assisted-tai-chi-qigong-programme-on-social-isolation-and-psychological-wellbeing-in-chinese-hidden-elders-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Aileen W K Chan, Doris S F Yu, K C Choi, Helen Y L Chan, Eliza M L Wong
BACKGROUND: The term hidden elder is used in Chinese society to describe older adults who are socially isolated and refuse social participation. Substantial evidence has indicated the important role of social isolation in increasing psychiatric morbidity and mortality risks in later life. Innovative service is promptly needed to address the social and psychological health needs of hidden elders. We aimed to test the feasibility and the preliminary effectiveness of a peer-assisted tai-chi-qigong programme in strengthening social networks and enhancing psychosocial wellbeing of Chinese hidden elders...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942151/effects-of-compound-music-program-on-cognitive-function-and-qol-in-community-dwelling-elderly
#20
Takaaki Fujita, Akemi Ito, Nana Kikuchi, Tomohiro Kakinuma, Yoshihisa Sato
[Purpose] Interventions using music, physical exercise, and reminiscence therapy are widely used both for rehabilitation and care of the elderly. This study aimed to investigate the effect of structured interventions comprising music, physical exercise, and reminiscence therapy on cognitive function and quality of life of the community-dwelling elderly. [Subjects and Methods] The study included 15 community-dwelling elderly people who used a day-care center. Participants underwent sessions comprising the following three factors: 1) singing songs familiar to the elderly; 2) physical exercise to music; and 3) observation of historical pictures...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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