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Mental health elderly

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742292/effects-of-a-course-of-right-unilateral-ultrabrief-pulse-electroconvulsive-therapy-combined-with-venlafaxine-on-insomnia-symptoms-in-elderly-depressed-patients
#1
W Vaughn McCall, Sarah H Lisanby, Peter B Rosenquist, Mary Dooley, Mustafa M Husain, Rebecca G Knapp, Georgios Petrides, Matthew V Rudorfer, Robert C Young, Shawn M McClintock, Martina Mueller, Joan Prudic, Robert M Greenberg, Richard D Weiner, Samuel H Bailine, Mary Anne Riley, Laryssa McCloud, Charles H Kellner
OBJECTIVE: Antidepressant medications have a variety of effects on sleep, apart from their antidepressant effects. It is unknown whether electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has effects on perceived sleep in depressed patients. This secondary analysis examines the effects of ECT on perceived sleep, separate from its antidepressant effects. METHODS: Elderly patients with major depressive disorder, as defined by DSM-IV, received open-label high-dose, right unilateral ultrabrief pulse ECT, combined with venlafaxine, as part of participating in phase 1 of the National Institute of Mental Health-supported study Prolonging Remission in Depressed Elderly (PRIDE)...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738480/-epidemiological-study-of-sleep-disorder-in-the-elderly
#2
Y Tian, L M Li
As a common health problem in modern society, sleep disorder have a high incidence in the elderly population, which seriously affect the quality of life and physical and mental health of the elderly, and can even aggravate to cause diseases. This review summarizes main research findings in the field of sleep disorder during the past 20 years, describes the sleeping characteristics of elderly, the epidemiological distribution of sleep disorder and possible influencing factors, and finally suggests appropriate measures for the prevention of sleep disorder...
July 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735916/morbidity-and-mortality-of-middle-aged-and-elderly-narcoleptics
#3
Poul Jennum, Eva Wiberg Thorstensen, Line Pickering, Rikke Ibsen, Jakob Kjellberg
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the study was to evaluate the morbidities and mortality in a national group of middle-aged and elderly narcolepsy patients before and after the first diagnosis of the condition. METHODS: From the Danish National Patient Registry (NPR), 1174 patients (45.1% males) aged 20-59 years and 339 patients (44.8% males) aged 60+ who received a diagnosis of narcolepsy between 1998 and 2014 were compared, respectively, with 4716 and 1353 control citizens matched for age, gender and geography, who were randomly chosen from the Danish Civil Registration System Statistics...
August 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728082/oral-infections-comorbidities-and-sensory-evidences-in-elderly-cross-sectional-study
#4
Nathalia Santos Viana Silva, Luciana Alvarenga da Silva, Omar Jaluul, Wilson Jacob-Filho, Silvia Regina Dowgan Tesseroli de Siqueira
BACKGROUND: Oral infections affect the general health and overlap with chronic diseases due to infectious-immune mechanisms. On the other side, sensory abnormalities may be symptoms of this association. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the prevalence of oral infections, comorbidities, health parameters and sensory abnormalities in elderly patients. METHODS: Thirty (30) elderly with mean age 70.4 yo, distributed according to ages were evaluated with a protocol that included demographics, comorbidities, medications, laboratory tests, blood pressure, heart rate, mini-mental state examination, clinical oral evaluation and systematized sensory testing (gustative, olfactory, thermal, mechanical and pain thresholds)...
July 1, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726492/does-cognition-specific-computer-training-have-better-clinical-outcomes-than-non-specific-computer-training-a-single-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Ji-Hyuk Park, Jin-Hyuck Park
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate differences between non-specific computer training (NCT) and cognition-specific computer training (CCT). DESIGN: Randomized controlled experimental study. SETTING: Local community welfare center. SUBJECTS: A total of 78 subjects with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) were randomly assigned to the NCT ( n = 39) or CCT group ( n = 39). INTERVENTION: The NCT group underwent NCT using Nintendo Wii for improving functional performance, while the CCT group underwent CCT using CoTras for improving function of the cognitive domain specifically...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724016/deinstitutionalization-of-long-stay-patients-in-a-psychiatric-hospital-in-rio-de-janeiro
#6
Paulo Roberto Fagundes da Silva, Maria Cecília de Araújo Carvalho, Maria Tavares Cavalcanti, Rodrigo Cunha Echebarrena, Adriana Santos de Mello, Catarina Magalhães Dahl, Débora Bastos de Lima, Flávia Mitkiewicz de Souza
Critical Time Intervention (CTI) is a time-limited mental health intervention offered to people with mental disorders during critical/transition periods. This study assesses the impact of CTI-BR on social performance and quality of life within a population in the process of deinstitutionalization, after long-term hospitalization in a psychiatric institution. The study population was split into two groups, one of which received CTI plus the regular care. Results showed no advantage of the intervention compared to the regular programs provided by the institution...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721837/effects-of-progressive-resistance-training-combined-with-a-protein-enriched-lean-red-meat-diet-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-elderly-women-secondary-analysis-of-a-4-month-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Susan J Torres, Sian Robinson, Liliana Orellana, Stella L O'Connell, Carley A Grimes, Niamh L Mundell, David W Dunstan, Caryl A Nowson, Robin M Daly
Resistance training (RT) and increased dietary protein are recommended to attenuate age-related muscle loss in the elderly. This study examined the effect of a lean red meat protein-enriched diet combined with progressive resistance training (RT+Meat) on health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) in elderly women. In this 4-month cluster randomised controlled trial, 100 women aged 60-90 years (mean 73 years) from self-care retirement villages participated in RT twice a week and were allocated either 160 g/d (cooked) lean red meat consumed across 2 meals/d, 6 d/week or ≥1 serving/d (25-30 g) carbohydrates (control group, CRT)...
June 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720075/physical-activity-body-functions-and-disability-among-middle-aged-and-older-spanish-adults
#8
Alexandre Caron, Alba Ayala, Javier Damián, Carmen Rodriguez-Blazquez, Javier Almazán, Juan Manuel Castellote, Madgalena Comin, Maria João Forjaz, Jesús de Pedro
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is a health determinant among middle-aged and older adults. In contrast, poor health is expected to have a negative impact on PA. This study sought to assess to what extent specific International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) health components were associated with PA among older adults. METHODS: We used a sample of 864 persons aged ≥50 years, positively screened for disability or cognition in a cross-sectional community survey in Spain...
July 18, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715595/lifestyle-physical-activity-and-cognitive-functions-the-impact-on-the-scores-of-montreal-cognitive-assessment-moca
#9
A Innocenti, D M Cammisuli, D Sgromo, F Franzoni, J Fusi, F Galetta, C Pruneti
The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) is a rapid screening tool, including subtests to assess several cognitive domains, developed to detect MCI from normal ageing cognitive changes. Several validation and normative studies have conducted around the world considering the influences of age and education on the MoCA score, but none takes into account the lifestyle and habits. However, lifestyles, and particularly physical activity (PA) have been positively associated with both physical and mental health in elderly...
July 1, 2017: Archives Italiennes de Biologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709060/the-association-between-suicidal-ideation-and-sleep-quality-in-elderly-individuals-a-cross-sectional-study-in-shandong-china
#10
Yangyang Qian, Long Sun, Chengchao Zhou, Dandan Ge, Li Zhang
Previous studies have identified global associations between sleep quality and suicidal ideation. However, little is known regarding the relationship between sleep quality and suicidal ideation among Chinese older adults. We examined the relationship between sleep quality and suicidal ideation in older adults in China. A cross-sectional study was conducted in 3313 seniors in Shandong, China. Suicidal ideation was assessed using the interviewees' answers to the question "Have you ever seriously considered wanting to die?"...
July 10, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707520/who-are-the-lonely-a-typology-of-loneliness-in-new-zealand
#11
Hannah Hawkins-Elder, Taciano L Milfont, Matthew D Hammond, Chris G Sibley
BACKGROUND: Loneliness has many negative physical and mental health ramifications and is most prevalent among vulnerable social groups. However, little is known about how loneliness is grouped within the population and the characteristics of those groups. METHODS: We conducted a Latent Profile Analysis on 18,264 participants from the fifth wave of the New Zealand Attitudes and Values Study to identify the number of distinct loneliness profiles in the population...
July 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700284/prevalence-of-financial-fraud-and-scams-among-older-adults-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
REVIEW
David Burnes, Charles R Henderson, Christine Sheppard, Rebecca Zhao, Karl Pillemer, Mark S Lachs
BACKGROUND: The financial exploitation of older adults was recently recognized by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as a serious public health problem. Knowledge of the prevalence of elder financial exploitation is mostly limited to the category of financial abuse, which occurs in relationships involving an expectation of trust. Little is known about the other major category of elder financial exploitation-elder financial fraud and scams, which is perpetrated by strangers...
August 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700042/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-serious-post-earthquake-complication
#13
Mudassir Farooqui, Syed A Quadri, Sajid S Suriya, Muhammad Adnan Khan, Muhammad Ovais, Zohaib Sohail, Samra Shoaib, Hassaan Tohid, Muhammad Hassan
Objectives: Earthquakes are unpredictable and devastating natural disasters. They can cause massive destruction and loss of life and survivors may suffer psychological symptoms of severe intensity. Our goal in this article is to review studies published in the last 20 years to compile what is known about posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) occurring after earthquakes. The review also describes other psychiatric complications that can be associated with earthquakes, to provide readers with better overall understanding, and discusses several sociodemographic factors that can be associated with post-earthquake PTSD...
April 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694690/social-participation-and-perceived-depression-among-elderly-population-in-south-africa
#14
Gang Hao, Ghose Bishwajit, Shangfeng Tang, Changping Nie, Lu Ji, Rui Huang
There is a growing consensus regarding the influence of various psychosocial factors such as degree of social participation on health and disease outcomes, quality of life, and general well-being. Older individuals with diminished motor and physical functionality suffer a heightened risk of social exclusion and loneliness. Previous studies have demonstrated the association between social exclusion and loneliness with mental health among the older population. In the present study, we aimed to investigate whether or not difficulty in social participation has any relationship with perceived depression among older individuals in South Africa...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693551/volunteering-and-health-benefits-in-general-adults-cumulative-effects-and-forms
#15
Jerf W K Yeung, Zhuoni Zhang, Tae Yeun Kim
BACKGROUND: Although the health benefits of volunteering have been well documented, no research has examined its cumulative effects according to other-oriented and self-oriented volunteering on multiple health outcomes in the general adult public. This study examined other-oriented and self-oriented volunteering in cumulative contribution to health outcomes (mental and physical health, life satisfaction, social well-being and depression). METHODS: Data were drawn from the Survey of Texas Adults 2004, which contains a statewide population-based sample of adults (n = 1504)...
July 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682670/study-on-the-relationship-between-social-support-and-mental-health-of-the-elderly-in-china-a-case-study-of-xi-an-city-shaanxi-province
#16
Shaoguo Zhai, Qi Zhuang, Zhaoxi Wang
BACKGROUND: The elderly's mental health is becoming more and more severe under the aging society in China (one third of the elderly had the symptom of depression according to the statistics). It is urgent to explore how the social support system of the elderly can influence their mental health and how to enhance their mental care from the perspective of social support. AIMS: This article analyzes the relationship between social support and mental health of the elderly using quantitative and qualitative data...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680504/association-between-handgrip-strength-walking-age-related-illnesses-and-cognitive-status-in-a-sample-of-portuguese-centenarians
#17
Maria Vaz-Patto, Belén Bueno, Óscar Ribeiro, Laetitia Teixeira, Rosa Marina Afonso
BACKGROUND: Centenarians are a growing population in Europe and present significant variability in motor and cognitive functions. The aim of our study was to characterize health status, as well as cognitive and motor functions in a group of Portuguese centenarians. In addition, our study also aimed at analyzing the relationship between cognitive functions and the burden of diseases affecting the elderly. METHODS: Fifty-two centenarians were evaluated using the Mini-Mental State Examination, short version...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675623/association-between-mental-health-and-meal-patterns-among-elderly-koreans
#18
Yeunhee Kwak, Yoonjung Kim
AIM: The present cross-sectional study analyzed the differences in mental health among community-dwelling elderly Koreans based on type of meal skipping and family meal frequency. METHODS: We carried out a secondary data analysis using data from 4742 older adults aged ≥65 years from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey V (2010-2012), a nationally representative sample. RESULTS: In the final model, after adjusting for covariates, we found differences in stress, depression and suicidal ideation based on the type of meal skipping...
July 4, 2017: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674488/dancing-or-fitness-sport-the-effects-of-two-training-programs-on-hippocampal-plasticity-and-balance-abilities-in-healthy-seniors
#19
Kathrin Rehfeld, Patrick Müller, Norman Aye, Marlen Schmicker, Milos Dordevic, Jörn Kaufmann, Anita Hökelmann, Notger G Müller
Age-related degenerations in brain structure are associated with balance disturbances and cognitive impairment. However, neuroplasticity is known to be preserved throughout lifespan and physical training studies with seniors could reveal volume increases in the hippocampus (HC), a region crucial for memory consolidation, learning and navigation in space, which were related to improvements in aerobic fitness. Moreover, a positive correlation between left HC volume and balance performance was observed. Dancing seems a promising intervention for both improving balance and brain structure in the elderly...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669233/the-graying-of-rural-america-community-engagement-and-health-promotion-challenges
#20
Wilson Majee, Lydia Aziato, Karien Jooste, Adaobi Anakwe
BACKGROUND: Although social participation has been linked to positive physical and mental health outcomes, elderly people in rural areas remain highly disengaged. Also, few studies have examined community residents' perceptions of the barriers and opportunities for the elderly to participate in community activities. PURPOSE: This article highlights the perceptions of rural community residents regarding their understanding of the following: (1) community leadership, (2) barriers and opportunities for the elderly to engage in leadership, and (3) potential community-based solutions for promoting more social participation...
July 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
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