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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339463/combinations-of-serpinb5-gene-polymorphisms-and-environmental-factors-are-associated-with-oral-cancer-risks
#1
Hsiu-Ting Tsai, Ming-Ju Hsieh, Chiao-Wen Lin, Shih-Chi Su, Nae-Fang Miao, Shun-Fa Yang, Hui-Chuan Huang, Fu-Chih Lai, Yu-Fan Liu
BACKGROUND: We identified rs17071138 T/C, rs3744941 C/T, and rs8089104 T/C gene polymorphisms of SERPINB5 (mammary serine protease inhibitor) that are specific to patients with oral cancer susceptibility and their clinicopathological status. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In total, 1342 participants, including 601 healthy controls and 741 patients with oral cancer, were recruited for this study. Allelic discrimination of rs17071138 T/C, rs3744941 C/T, and rs8089104 T/C of the SERPINB5 gene was assessed by a real-time PCR with a TaqMan assay...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297677/recombinant-bcg-expressing-esx-1-of-mycobacterium-marinum-combines-low-virulence-with-cytosolic-immune-signaling-and-improved-tb-protection
#2
Matthias I Gröschel, Fadel Sayes, Sung Jae Shin, Wafa Frigui, Alexandre Pawlik, Mickael Orgeur, Robin Canetti, Nadine Honoré, Roxane Simeone, Tjip S van der Werf, Wilbert Bitter, Sang-Nae Cho, Laleh Majlessi, Roland Brosch
Recent insights into the mechanisms by which Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the etiologic agent of human tuberculosis, is recognized by cytosolic nucleotide sensors have opened new avenues for rational vaccine design. The only licensed anti-tuberculosis vaccine, Mycobacterium bovis BCG, provides limited protection. A feature of BCG is the partial deletion of the ESX-1 type VII secretion system, which governs phagosomal rupture and cytosolic pattern recognition, key intracellular phenotypes linked to increased immune signaling...
March 14, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272457/novel-vaccine-potential-of-rv3131-a-dosr-regulon-encoded-putative-nitroreductase-against-hyper-virulent-mycobacterium-tuberculosis-strain-k
#3
Kee Woong Kwon, Woo Sik Kim, Hongmin Kim, Seung Jung Han, Mi-Young Hahn, Jong Seok Lee, Ki Taek Nam, Sang-Nae Cho, Sung Jae Shin
Accumulating evidence indicates that latency-associated Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb)-specific antigens from the dormancy survival regulator regulon (DosR) may be promising novel vaccine target antigens for the development of an improved tuberculosis vaccine. After transcriptional profiling of DosR-related genes in the hyper-virulent Beijing Mtb strain K and the reference Mtb strain H37Rv, we selected Rv3131, a hypothetical nitroreductase, as a vaccine antigen and evaluated its vaccine efficacy against Mtb K...
March 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272206/limbic-encephalitis-associated-with-anti-nh2-terminal-of-%C3%AE-enolase-antibodies-a-clinical-subtype-of-hashimoto-encephalopathy
#4
Toru Kishitani, Akiko Matsunaga, Masamichi Ikawa, Kouji Hayashi, Osamu Yamamura, Tadanori Hamano, Osamu Watanabe, Keiko Tanaka, Yasunari Nakamoto, Makoto Yoneda
Several types of autoantibodies have been reported in autoimmune limbic encephalitis (LE), such as antibodies against the voltage-gated potassium channel (VGKC) complex including leucine-rich glioma inactivated 1 (LGI1). We recently reported a patient with autoimmune LE and serum anti-NH2-terminal of α-enolase (NAE) antibodies, a specific diagnostic marker for Hashimoto encephalopathy (HE), who was diagnosed with HE based on the presence of antithyroid antibodies and responsiveness to immunotherapy. This case suggests that LE patients with antibodies to both the thyroid and NAE could be diagnosed with HE and respond to immunotherapy...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260994/risk-factors-for-intraoperative-massive-transfusion-in-pediatric-liver-transplantation-a-multivariate-analysis
#5
Seok-Joon Jin, Sun-Key Kim, Seong-Soo Choi, Keum Nae Kang, Chang Joon Rhyu, Shin Hwang, Sung-Gyu Lee, Jung-Man Namgoong, Young-Kug Kim
Background: Pediatric liver transplantation (LT) is strongly associated with increased intraoperative blood transfusion requirement and postoperative morbidity and mortality. In the present study, we aimed to assess the risk factors associated with massive transfusion in pediatric LT, and examined the effect of massive transfusion on the postoperative outcomes. Methods: We enrolled pediatric patients who underwent LT between December 1994 and June 2015. Massive transfusion was defined as the administration of red blood cells ≥100% of the total blood volume during LT...
2017: International Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252812/hepatitis-c-virus-and-its-cutaneous-manifestations-treatment-in-the-direct-acting-antiviral-era
#6
REVIEW
L E Wiznia, M E Laird, A G Franks
New all-oral direct acting antivirals (DAA) have changed the hepatitis C virus (HCV) treatment landscape. Given that dermatologists frequently encounter HCV-infected patients, knowledge of the current treatment options and their utility in treating HCV-associated dermatologic disorders is important. In addition to highlighting the new treatment options, we review four classically HCV-associated dermatologic disorders - mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC), lichen planus (LP), porphyria cutanea tarda (PCT), and necrolytic acral erythema (NAE) - and examine the role for all-oral direct acting antiviral (DAA) regimens in their treatment...
March 2, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245538/-improvement-in-hyperglysemia-following-unilateral-adrenalectomy-for-acth-independent-macronodular-adrenal-hyperplasia-aimah-a-case-report
#7
Junichi Ikeda, Kouei Muguruma, Takaaki Inoue, Teruhisa Nishida, Shigenari Kawakita, Takashi Murota, Haruyuki Ohsugi, Nae Takizawa, Hidefumi Kinoshita, Tadashi Matsuda, Amika Noda, Keita Utsunomiya
Adrenal corticotropin (ACTH) -independent macronodular adrenal hyperplasia (AIMAH) is a rare cause of Cushing's syndrome. Bilateral adrenalectomy is the treatment of choice, but lifetime steroid replacement is essential. Here we report a case of AIMAH whose hyperglycemia was improved following unilateral adrenalectomy. A 42-year-old woman with serious intellectual disability and intractable epilepsy presented with polydipsia. Casual blood glucose and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) were 322 mg/dl and 8.5%, respectively...
January 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239084/a-case-of-advanced-gastric-cancer-concomitant-with-pyogenic-liver-abscess-in-the-patient-with-subtotal-gastrectomy
#8
Dong Hee Park, Nae Yun Heo, Heon Sa-Kong, Na Ri Jeong, Su Jin Jeong, Sung Jin Oh, Kyung Han Nam
The hematogenous spreading of an infectious pathogen via the portal vein from a mucosal injury in the gastrointestinal tract has been considered as one of the pathologic mechanisms of pyogenic liver abscess. Several studies have presented the association between colorectal cancer and pyogenic liver abscess. However, the cases of stomach cancer concomitant with pyogenic liver abscess have rarely been reported in the world. Herein, we present a case of advanced gastric cancer concomitant with pyogenic liver abscess in a patient who previously underwent subtotal gastrectomy due to peptic ulcer perforation...
February 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225556/nb-doped-rutile-tio2-mesocrystals-with-enhanced-lithium-storage-properties-for-lithium-ion-battery
#9
Mingdeng Wei, Tongbin Lin, Weifeng Zhang, Nae-Lih Wu
A homogeneous Nb-doped rutile TiO2 mesocrystal material was synthesized successfully via a facile hydrothermal route. The incorporation of Nb5+ not only promotes the crystallization for the building subunits of the rutile TiO2 mesocrystal but also improves the electrochemical performance at higher current rates. For instance, a capacity of 96.3 mA h g-1 at a current density as high as 40 C and an excellent long-term cycling stability with a capacity loss of ca. 0.006% per cycle at 5 C can be achieved when an appropriate amount of Nb5+ was doped into rutile TiO2 mesocrystal...
February 22, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224765/dysregulation-of-telomere-lengths-and-telomerase-activity-in-myelodysplastic-syndrome
#10
Hee Sue Park, Jungeun Choi, Cha Ja See, Jung Ah Kim, Si Nae Park, Kyongok Im, Sung Min Kim, Dong Soon Lee, Sang Mee Hwang
BACKGROUND: Telomere shortening is thought to be involved in the pathophysiology of myeloid malignancies, but telomere lengths (TL) during interphase and metaphase in hematopoietic malignancies have not been analyzed. We aimed to assess the TLs of interphase and metaphase cells of MDS and telomerase activity (TA) and to find out prognostic significances of TL and TA. METHODS: The prognostic significance of TA by quantitative PCR and TL by quantitative fluorescence in situ hybridization (QFISH) of interphase nuclei and metaphase chromosome arms of bone marrow cells from patients with MDS were evaluated...
May 2017: Annals of Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224644/clinical-effect-of-intratympanic-dexamethasone-injection-in-acute-unilateral-tinnitus-a-prospective-placebo-controlled-multicenter-study
#11
Hyun-Jin Lee, Min-Beom Kim, Shin-Young Yoo, Shi Nae Park, Eui-Cheol Nam, In Seok Moon, Ho-Ki Lee
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of intratympanic dexamethasone injection (ITDI) in acute tinnitus of presumed cochlear origin. STUDY DESIGN: A prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded, multicenter study. METHODS: Between August 2013 and December 2015, 54 patients with unilateral tinnitus were enrolled at four different centers. Patients were assigned either to an ITDI (n = 27) or an intratympanic normal saline injection (ITNI; n = 27) group through block randomization...
February 22, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222552/comparison-of-cognitive-orientation-to-daily-occupational-performance-and-conventional-occupational-therapy-on-occupational-performance-in-individuals-with-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Si-Nae Ahn, Min-Ye Jung, Hae-Yean Park, Ji-Yeon Lee, Yoo-Im Choi, Eun-Young Yoo
BACKGROUND: Cognitive Orientation to daily Occupational Performance (CO-OP) approach based on cognitive strategy in occupational therapy. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effects of CO-OP approach on occupational performance in individuals with hemiparetic stroke. METHODS: This study was designed as a 5-week, randomized, single-blind. Forty-three participants who had a diagnosis of first stroke were enrolled in this study. The participants were randomly assigned to the experimental group (n = 20) or the control group (n = 23)...
February 8, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215162/gut-brain-axis-role-of-lipids-in-the-regulation-of-inflammation-pain-and-cns-diseases
#13
Roberto Russo, Claudia Cristiano, Carmen Avagliano, Carmen De Caro, Giovanna La Rana, Giuseppina Mattace Raso, Roberto Berni Canani, Rosaria Meli, Antonio Calignano
The human gut is a composite anaerobic environment with a large, diverse and dynamic enteric microbiota, represented by more than 100 trillion microorganisms, including at least 1000 distinct species. The discovery that a different microbial composition can influence behavior and cognition, and in turn the nervous system can indirectly influence enteric microbiota composition, has significantly contributed to establish the well-accepted concept of gut-brain axis. This hypothesis is supported by several evidence showing mutual mechanisms, which involve the vague nerve, the immune system, the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis modulation and the bacteria-derived metabolites...
February 16, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185634/usefulness-of-a-noninvasive-device-to-identify-elevated-left-ventricular-filling-pressure-using-finger-photoplethysmography-during-a-valsalva-maneuver
#14
Panagis Galiatsatos, Theingi Tiffany Win, Jennifer Monti, Peter V Johnston, William Herzog, Jeffrey C Trost, Chao-Wei Hwang, Gene Y Fridman, Nae-Yuh Wang, Harry A Silber
The high rate of re-hospitalization for heart failure might be reduced by improving noninvasive techniques for identifying elevated left ventricular (LV) filling pressure. We previously showed that changes in a finger photoplethysmography (PPG) waveform during the Valsalva maneuver (VM) reflect invasively measured LV end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP). We have since developed a hand-held device that analyzes PPG while guiding the expiratory effort of a VM. Here we assessed the sensitivity and specificity of this device for identifying elevated LVEDP in patients...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163566/optimal-cut-off-value-of-the-superior-articular-process-area-as-a-morphological-parameter-to-predict-lumbar-foraminal-stenosis
#15
Tae-Ha Lim, Soo Il Choi, Hyung Rae Cho, Keum Nae Kang, Chang Joon Rhyu, Eun Young Chae, Young Su Lim, Yongsoo Lee, Young Uk Kim
Background. We devised a new morphological parameter called the superior articular process area (SAPA) to evaluate the connection between lumbar foraminal stenosis (LFS) and the superior articular process. Objective. We hypothesized that the SAPA is an important morphologic parameter in the diagnosis of LFS. Methods. All patients over 60 years of age were included. Data regarding the SAPA were collected from 137 patients with LFS. A total of 167 control subjects underwent lumbar magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as part of a routine medical examination...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138687/serum-endocannabinoids-and-n-acyl-ethanolamines-and-the-influence-of-simulated-solar-uvr-exposure-in-humans-in-vivo
#16
Sarah J Felton, Alexandra C Kendall, Abdalla F M Almaedani, Paula Urquhart, Ann R Webb, Richard Kift, Andy Vail, Anna Nicolaou, Lesley E Rhodes
Solar ultraviolet radiation (UVR) exposure of human skin has beneficial and harmful effects on health, including impact on immune function, inflammation and reportedly mood, but these are not fully elucidated. Since the endocannabinoid system is implicated in many activities including mood alteration, our objective was to (i) determine and quantify circulating levels of a wide range of endocannabinoid and N-acyl ethanolamine (NAE) species (ii) evaluate whether these are modulated by cutaneous UVR exposures, as attained through repeated low level summer sunlight exposure...
January 31, 2017: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120902/targeted-metabolomics-shows-plasticity-in-the-evolution-of-signaling-lipids-and-uncovers-old-and-new-endocannabinoids-in-the-plant-kingdom
#17
María Salomé Gachet, Alexandra Schubert, Serafina Calarco, Julien Boccard, Jürg Gertsch
The remarkable absence of arachidonic acid (AA) in seed plants prompted us to systematically study the presence of C20 polyunsaturated fatty acids, stearic acid, oleic acid, jasmonic acid (JA), N-acylethanolamines (NAEs) and endocannabinoids (ECs) in 71 plant species representative of major phylogenetic clades. Given the difficulty of extrapolating information about lipid metabolites from genetic data we employed targeted metabolomics using LC-MS/MS and GC-MS to study these signaling lipids in plant evolution...
January 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112243/a-chemical-genetic-screen-uncovers-a-small-molecule-enhancer-of-the-n-acylethanolamine-degrading-enzyme-fatty-acid-amide-hydrolase-in-arabidopsis
#18
Bibi Rafeiza Khan, Lionel Faure, Kent D Chapman, Elison B Blancaflor
N-Acylethanolamines (NAEs) are a group of fatty acid amides that play signaling roles in diverse physiological processes in eukaryotes. Fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) degrades NAE into ethanolamine and free fatty acid to terminate its signaling function. In animals, chemical inhibitors of FAAH have been used for therapeutic treatment of pain and as tools to probe deeper into biochemical properties of FAAH. In a chemical genetic screen for small molecules that dampened the inhibitory effect of N-lauroylethanolamine (NAE 12:0) on Arabidopsis thaliana seedling growth, we identified 6-(2-methoxyphenyl)-1,3-dimethyl-5-phenyl-1H-pyrrolo[3,4-d]pyrimidine-2,4(3 H,6 H)-dione (or MDPD)...
January 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107228/contribution-of-oxidative-stress-to-non-aids-events-in-hiv-infected-patients
#19
Mar Masiá, Sergio Padilla, Marta Fernández, Xavier Barber, Santiago Moreno, José Antonio Iribarren, Joaquín Portilla, Alejandro Peña, Francesc Vidal, Félix Gutiérrez
OBJECTIVE: Recognition of potentially modifiable mechanisms implicated in the pathogenesis of non-AIDS events (NAEs) might help improve outcomes of HIV-infected individuals. HIV infection has been associated with increased oxidative stress. We assessed the association between F2-isoprostanes and serious NAEs, and whether they improve the predictive performance of inflammation and coagulation biomarkers. METHODS: Prospective multicenter cohort. Individuals who had an incident serious NAE and two sex and age matched participants with no events were selected...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099390/to-nearly-come-full-circle-nonoperative-management-of-high-grade-iv-v-blunt-splenic-trauma-is-safe-using-a-protocol-with-routine-angioembolization
#20
Indermeet S Bhullar, Joseph J Tepas, Daniel Siragusa, Todd Loper, Andrew Kerwin, Eric R Frykberg
INTRODUCTION: Nonoperative management (NOM) of hemodynamically stable high-grade (IV-V) blunt splenic trauma remains controversial given the high failure rates (19%) that persist despite angioembolization (AE) protocols. The NOM protocol was modified in 2011 to include mandatory AE of all grade (IV-V) injuries without contrast blush (CB) along with selective AE of grade (I-V) with CB. The purpose of this study was to determine if this new AE (NAE) protocol significantly lowered the failure rates for grade (IV-V) injuries allowing for safe observation without surgery and if the exclusion of grade III injuries allowed for the prevention of unnecessary angiograms without affecting the overall failure rates...
April 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
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