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Syed Kamran Sami, Saqib Siddiqui, Sajal Shrivastava, Nae-Eung Lee, Chan-Hwa Chung
Flexible supercapacitors with high electrochemical performance and stability along with mechanical robustness have gained immense attraction due to the substantial advancements and rampant requirements of storage devices. To meet the exponentially growing demand of microsized energy storage device, a cost-effective and durable supercapacitor is mandatory to realize their practical applications. Here, in this work, the fabrication route of novel electrode materials with high flexibility and charge-storage capability is reported using the hybrid structure of 1D zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods and conductive polyvinylidene fluoride-tetrafluoroethylene (P(VDF-TrFE)) electrospun nanofibers...
October 17, 2017: Small
Jung Mee Park, Woo Jin Kim, Jin Bu Ha, Jung Ju Han, So Young Park, Shi Nae Park
OBJECTIVE: Sound generator (SG) plays a role as effective sound therapy of tinnitus retaining therapy (TRT) in patients with severe tinnitus (Category 1) or hyperacusis (Category 3). This study was performed to evaluate the therapeutic effect of SGs. METHODS: A total of 120 tinnitus patients who visited our tinnitus clinic and were treated with SG along with TRT from January 2008 to December 2016 were included. The patients were divided into two groups by tinnitus category; 78 patients of category 1 and 42 patients of category 3...
October 18, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
Jenny Nae, Mark W Creaby, Gustav Nilsson, Kay M Crossley, Eva Ageberg
Study Design Cross-sectional study. Background Visual rating of postural orientation (PO) during functional tasks may be a valuable tool to track rehabilitation progress following anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury. A valid test battery assessing PO as a separate construct is lacking. Objectives To evaluate measurement properties of a test battery to assess PO in patients with ACL injury. Methods Content validity of functional tasks was assessed by expert focus group discussions. 51 patients (45% women) with ACL injury performed nine functional tasks of varying difficulty...
October 15, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Tang-Jun Ai, Jian-Yong Sun, Lin-Juan Du, Chaoji Shi, Chao Li, Xue-Nan Sun, Yan Liu, Lihui Li, Zhixiong Xia, Lijun Jia, Jianmiao Liu, Sheng-Zhong Duan
Targeting apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) represents an attractive approach to diminish the occurrence of restenosis. Neddylation is a highly conserved post-translational modification process and inhibition of neddylation has been shown to regulate apoptosis of other cells. However, the impacts of neddylation inhibition on VSMCs and neointimal hyperplasia have not been studied. In our present study, we have shown that MLN4924, a selective inhibitor of NEDD8-activating enzyme (NAE), markedly inhibited neointimal hyperplasia and accumulation of VSMCs, whereas increased apoptosis in the vascular wall...
October 13, 2017: Cell Death and Differentiation
Noura S Dosoky, Lilu Guo, Zhongyi Chen, Andrew V Feigley, Sean S Davies
Engineering the gut microbiota to produce specific beneficial metabolites represents an important new potential strategy for treating chronic diseases. Our previous studies with bacteria engineered to produce N-acyl-phosphatidylethanolamines (NAPEs), the immediate precursors of the lipid satiety factors N-acyl-ethanolamides (NAEs), found that colonization of these bacteria inhibited development of obesity in C57BL/6J mice fed a high fat diet. Individual NAE species differ in their bioactivities. Intriguingly, colonization by our engineered bacteria resulted in increased hepatic N-stearoyl-ethanolamide (C18:0NAE) levels despite the apparent inability of these bacteria to biosynthesize its precursor N-stearoyl-phosphatidylethanolamine (C18:0NAPE) in vitro...
October 17, 2017: ACS Infectious Diseases
Manami Inoue, Kazuhito Tsuboi, Yoko Okamoto, Mayumi Hidaka, Toru Uyama, Toshihiko Tsutsumi, Tamotsu Tanaka, Natsuo Ueda, Akira Tokumura
N-acylethanolamines (NAEs), a class of lipid mediators, are produced from N-acyl-phosphatidylethanolamine (NAPE) by several pathways, including the direct release by NAPE-specific phospholipase D (NAPE-PLD) or the multistep pathway via sn-glycero-3-phospho-N-acylethanolamine (Gp-NAE). Using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry, we compared peripheral tissue levels of NAPE, Gp-NAE and NAE in NAPE-PLD-deficient (NAPE-PLD-/-) and wild type (WT) mice. NAPE-PLD was suggested to play a major role in the NAPE degradation in heart, kidney, and liver, but not in jejunum, because the NAPE levels except jejunum were significantly higher in NAPE-PLD-/- mice than in WT mice...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Biochemistry
Nae Young Choi, Eunhye Lee, Sang Gu Lee, Chang Hyun Choi, Sang Ryeol Park, Ilpyung Ahn, Shin Chul Bae, Cheol Ho Hwang, Duk-Ju Hwang
WRKY transcription factors (TFs) are involved in regulating a range of biological processes such as growth, development, and the responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. Genome-wide expression profiling of OsWRKY TF superfamily genes in rice after infection with Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo) was performed to elucidate the function of OsWRKY TFs in the interaction between rice and Xoo. Of the 111 OsWRKY TF genes tested, the transcription of 94 genes changed after Xoo infection. The OsWRKY TF genes were classified into eight types according to their expression profiles...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
Nae-Yun Heo, Ajitha Mannalithara, Donghee Kim, Prowpanga Udompap, Jane C Tan, W Ray Kim
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is common among kidney transplant (KTx) recipients. However, the impact of HCV infection on long-term graft and recipient survival after KTx from the large-scale data remains to be determined. METHODS: We used the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network (OPTN) database to identify all adults undergoing KTx in 2004-2006 in the United States. A propensity score (PS) was created to match each HCV-positive recipient with a HCV-negative control for unbiased comparisons...
October 3, 2017: Transplantation
Takuya Akai, Toshihisa Hatta, Hiroki Shimada, Keiji Mizuki, Nae Kudo, Taizo Hatta, Hiroki Otani
Cerebrospinal fluid is thought to be mainly absorbed into arachnoid granules in the subarachnoid space and drained into the sagittal sinus. However, some observations such as late outbreak of arachnoid granules in fetus brain and recent cerebrospinal fluid movements study by magnetic resonance images, conflict with this hypothesis. In this study, we investigated the movement of cerebrospinal fluid in fetuses. Several kinds of fluorescent probes with different molecular weights were injected into the lateral ventricle or subarachnoid space in mouse fetuses at a gestational age of 13 days...
October 4, 2017: Congenital Anomalies
Jin Yong Shin, Mun-Young An, Si-Gyun Roh, Suk Choo Chang, Nae-Ho Lee
According to a great desire for facial rejuvenation, dermal filler is promising for improving people's appearance without surgery. In a society of plastic surgery, injection of dermal filler is one of the most common procedures for a younger appearance. An increase in patients who have filler injection has been paralleled by a rise in various adverse reactions. Formation of inflammatory or infected nodules is one of the most common long-term complications. Infections can be increased because of improper disinfection of the patient's skin, a poor injection technique, decreased general immunity, and the presence of pathogens...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Yuichi Hayashi, Megumi Yamada, Akio Kimura, Takahiko Asano, Katsuya Satoh, Tetsuyuki Kitamoto, Maokoto Yoneda, Takashi Inuzuka
We report the case of a 76-year-old woman presenting with 47-month history of progressive dementia and cortical blindness with no family history. Antibodies against thyroid glands and the N-terminus of α-enolase (NAE) were detected in her serum. Neurological examination revealed progressive dementia, frontal signs, visual disturbance, and exaggerated bilateral tendon reflexes in both legs. Diffusion MRI showed cortical hyper-intensities in the bilateral occipital and parietal, and the left frontal and temporal cortices...
October 2, 2017: Prion
Nae-Gyune Rim, Erin G Roberts, Davoud Ebrahimi, Nina Dinjaski, Matthew M Jacobsen, Zaira Martín-Moldes, Markus J Buehler, David L Kaplan, Joyce Y Wong
Silk is a promising material for biomedical applications, and much research is focused on how application-specific, mechanical properties of silk can be designed synthetically through proper amino acid sequences and processing parameters. This protocol describes an iterative process between research disciplines that combines simulation, genetic synthesis, and fiber analysis to better design silk fibers with specific mechanical properties. Computational methods are used to assess the protein polymer structure as it forms an interconnected fiber network through shearing and how this process affects fiber mechanical properties...
August 14, 2017: ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering
Bom Nae Rin Lee, Yeon Sung Son, Dabin Lee, Young-Jin Choi, Sang-Mo Kwon, Hyun-Kyung Chang, Pyung-Hwan Kim, Je-Yoel Cho
Late endothelial progenitor cells (LEPCs) are derived from mononuclear cells (MNCs) and are thought to directly incorporate into blood vessels and differentiate into mature endothelial cells (ECs). Using transcriptome and proteome analysis, we identified distinctive LEPC profiles and found that Hedgehog-interacting protein (HIP) is strongly expressed in LEPCs. Inhibition of HIP by lentiviral knockdown activated canonical hedgehog signaling in LEPCs, while it activated non-canonical hedgehog signaling in ECs...
September 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
Eun Roh, Han-Byeol Lee, Do-Il Kim, Nae-Eung Lee
The development of omnidirectionally stretchable pressure sensors with high performance without stretching-induced interference has been hampered by many challenges. Herein, an omnidirectionally stretchable piezoresistive pressure-sensing device is demonstrated by combining an omniaxially stretchable substrate with a 3D micropattern array and solution-printing of electrode and piezoresistive materials. A unique substrate structural design and materials mean that devices that are highly sensitive are rendered, with a stable out-of-plane pressure response to both static (sensitivity of 0...
September 27, 2017: Advanced Materials
Tran Quang Trung, Vinh Quang Dang, Han-Byeol Lee, Do-Il Kim, Sungjin Moon, Nae-Eung Lee, Hoen Lee
Omnidirectionally stretchable photodetectors are limited by difficulties in designing material and fabrication processes that enable stretchability in multiaxial directions. Here, we propose a new approach involving an organic-inorganic p-n heterojunction photodetector comprised of free-standing ZnO nanorods grown on a poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene)-polystyrene sulfonate transport layer coated on a three-dimensional micropatterned stretchable substrate containing bumps and valleys. This structure allows for efficient absorption of stretching strain...
October 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
J S Kong, C Y Jeong, M J Shim, W J Kim, S W Yeo, S N Park
OBJECTIVE: Ossiculoplasty is a surgical procedure that recreates sound transmission of the middle ear in conductive hearing loss. Various materials have been used for ossicular reconstruction, but the most ideal material for ossiculoplasty remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to introduce a novel method of autologous ossiculoplasty, bone-cartilage composite graft (BCCG) and to compare its surgical results with different types of ossiculoplastic prostheses. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study was performed in a tertiary referral centre...
September 25, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
Seon Young Kim, Kwantae Kim, Byungjin Hwang, Kyongok Im, Si Nae Park, Jung-Ah Kim, Sang Mee Hwang, Duhee Bang, Dong Soon Lee
Mutational profiles of 153 Korean myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) patients were investigated. Sequencing of 87 genes presented similar mutational profiles in Korean MDS patients compared with previous reports. The most frequently mutated genes were ASXL1 (22.9%), U2AF1 (16.3%), TP53 (13.7%), RUNX1 (10.5%), TET2 (10.5%), DNMT3A (8.5%), and SRSF2 (8.5%). The U2AF1 mutation frequency was higher, with different frequencies in the mutated sites of U2AF1 (S34Y, 6/25; S34F, 11/25; and Q157P 8/25). The U2AF1 S34Y mutation was strongly associated with isolated trisomy 8 (5/6, 83%) and was characterized by a younger age of MDS onset (median, 39 years)...
October 2017: Leukemia Research
Kieu The Loan Trinh, Nae Yoon Lee
A uniquely fabricated microdevice with a glass-polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE)-glass (GPG) sandwich configuration was developed for the fast identification of foodborne pathogens by using continuous-flow polymerase chain reaction (PCR) followed by on-site fluorescence detection of PCR products. A PTFE tube was simply folded into a serpentine configuration and sandwiched between two glass slides to maintain a 2D planar structure. By using a PTFE tube, the microchannel has the advantage of seamlessness without the need for photolithography methods, and is less expensive and less time-consuming to fabricate than alternative devices...
January 1, 2018: Talanta
Tomasz Banas, Kazimierz Pitynski, Marcin Mikos, Joanna Cielecka-Kuszyk
DNA fragmentation factor 40 (DFF40) is a key executor of apoptosis. It localizes to the nucleus together with DNA fragmentation factor 45 (DFF45), which acts as a DFF40 inhibitor and chaperone. B-cell lymphoma (Bcl-2) protein is a proven antiapoptotic factor present in the cytoplasm. In this study, we aimed to investigate DFF40, DFF45, and Bcl-2 immunoexpression in endometrial polyps (EPs) and benign endometrial hyperplasia (BEH) tissue compared with that in normal proliferative endometrium (NPE) and normal secretory endometrium (NSE) as well as normal post menopausal endometrium (NAE)...
September 13, 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Pathology
Jessica Karlsson, Sandra Gouveia-Figueira, Mireille Alhouayek, Christopher J Fowler
Tumour necrosis factor α (TNFα) is involved in the pathogenesis of prostate cancer, a disease where disturbances in the endocannabinoid system are seen. In the present study we have investigated whether treatment of DU145 human prostate cancer cells affects anandamide (AEA) catabolic pathways. Additionally, we have investigated whether cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) can regulate the uptake of AEA into cells. Levels of AEA synthetic and catabolic enzymes were determined by qPCR. AEA uptake and hydrolysis in DU145 and RAW264...
2017: PloS One
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