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society of neurology stroke

Peter J Kelly, Gregory W Albers, Anastasios Chatzikonstantinou, Gian Marco De Marchis, Julia Ferrari, Paul George, Mira Katan, Michael Knoflach, Jong S Kim, Linxin Li, Eun-Jae Lee, Jean-Marc Olivot, Francisco Purroy, Nicolas Raposo, Peter M Rothwell, Vijay K Sharma, Bo Song, Georgios Tsivgoulis, Cathal Walsh, Yuming Xu, Aine Merwick
BACKGROUND: Identification of patients at highest risk of early stroke after transient ischaemic attack has been improved with imaging based scores. We aimed to compare the validity and prognostic utility of imaging-based stroke risk scores in patients after transient ischaemic attack. METHODS: We did a pooled analysis of published and unpublished individual-patient data from 16 cohort studies of transient ischaemic attack done in Asia, Europe, and the USA, with early brain and vascular imaging and follow up...
November 2016: Lancet Neurology
Michał Starosta, Justyna Redlicka, Michał Brzeziański, Marta Niwald, Elżbieta Miller
Diseases of the central nervous system are the most common cause of mobility and cognitive impairment. Stroke is the leading cause of hospitalization in the Neurological Rehabilitation Departments. Age increases the risk of stroke, therefore monitoring basic medical parameters, including blood pressure especially under age of 65, is a very important part of preventive healthcare. According to data from the National Association of Stroke, in 10% of patients after brain stroke, recovery of motor functions and mental state is almost complete, in 25% impairment is minimal, in 40% the functional and cognitive disability is moderated or significant therefore requires rehabilitation, in 10% in view of impossibility of active rehabilitation patients requires comprehensive nursing care service at home or in special long term care centers...
July 29, 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Joanne Trinh, Emil K Gustavsson, Carles Vilariño-Güell, Stephanie Bortnick, Jeanne Latourelle, Marna B McKenzie, Chelsea Szu Tu, Ekaterina Nosova, Jaskaran Khinda, Austen Milnerwood, Suzanne Lesage, Alexis Brice, Meriem Tazir, Jan O Aasly, Laura Parkkinen, Hazal Haytural, Tatiana Foroud, Richard H Myers, Samia Ben Sassi, Emna Hentati, Fatma Nabli, Emna Farhat, Rim Amouri, Fayçal Hentati, Matthew J Farrer
BACKGROUND: Leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2) mutation 6055G→A (Gly2019Ser) accounts for roughly 1% of patients with Parkinson's disease in white populations, 13-30% in Ashkenazi Jewish populations, and 30-40% in North African Arab-Berber populations, although age of onset is variable. Some carriers have early-onset parkinsonism, whereas others remain asymptomatic despite advanced age. We aimed to use a genome-wide approach to identify genetic variability that directly affects LRRK2 Gly2019Ser penetrance...
November 2016: Lancet Neurology
Tanzila Shams, Osama Zaidat, Dileep Yavagal, Andrew Xavier, Tudor Jovin, Vallabh Janardhan
Brain attack care is rapidly evolving with cutting-edge stroke interventions similar to the growth of heart attack care with cardiac interventions in the last two decades. As the field of stroke intervention is growing exponentially globally, there is clearly an unmet need to standardize stroke interventional laboratories for safe, effective, and timely stroke care. Towards this goal, the Society of Vascular and Interventional Neurology (SVIN) Writing Committee has developed the Stroke Interventional Laboratory Consensus (SILC) criteria using a 7M management approach for the development and standardization of each stroke interventional laboratory within stroke centers...
June 2016: Interventional Neurology
Erica Tilley, James McLoughlin, Simon A Koblar, Sebastian H Doeltgen, Cindy Stern, Sarahlouise White, Micah D J Peters
BACKGROUND: Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is an adult onset neurodegenerative condition associated with mobility, balance, speech, swallowing, vision and cognitive changes. The condition is diagnosed using the National Institute for Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) and the Society of Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (SPSP) criteria. Therapeutic interventions for PSP are important, and a healthcare team should include a physiotherapist, occupational therapist and speech therapist...
June 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Fin Biering-Sørensen, Vanessa K Noonan
Increased survival after spinal cord injury (SCI) worldwide has enhanced the need for quality data that can be compared and shared between centers, countries, as well as across research studies, to better understand how best to prevent and treat SCI. Such data should be standardized and be able to be uniformly collected at any SCI center or within any SCI study. Standardization will make it possible to collect information from larger SCI populations for multi-center research studies. With this aim, the international SCI community has obtained consensus regarding the best available data and measures for use in SCI clinical practice and research...
August 12, 2016: Brain Sciences
Ying-Ying Su, Dai-Quan Gao, Xiao-Yan Zeng, Rui-Juan Sha, Xiao-Yuan Niu, Chang-Qing Wang, Dong Zhou, Wen Jiang, Fang Cui, Yi Yang, Su-Yue Pan, Xu Zhang, Lian-Di Li, Liang Gao, Bin Peng, Chun-Long Zhong, Zhen-Chuan Liu, Li-Hong Li, Hong Tan, Pei-Yuan Lv
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: With the development of enteral nutrition in patients with neurological disorders in China, related guidelines were published in 2011. The Chinese Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition conducted a survey to evaluate the status quo of enteral nutrition practices in these patients. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This multicenter prospective investigation was conducted from April 2012 to April 2013 and involved 18 tertiary hospitals in China...
2016: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Edoardo Ferlazzo, Sara Gasparini, Ettore Beghi, Chiara Sueri, Emilio Russo, Antonio Leo, Angelo Labate, Antonio Gambardella, Vincenzo Belcastro, Pasquale Striano, Maurizio Paciaroni, Laura Rosa Pisani, Umberto Aguglia
OBJECTIVE: Seizures may occur in close temporal association with a stroke or after a variable interval. Moreover, epilepsy is often encountered in patients with leukoaraiosis. Although early post-stroke seizures have been studied extensively, less attention has been paid to post-stroke epilepsy (PSE) and to epilepsy associated with leukoaraiosis (EAL). The aim of this paper is to review data concerning pathophysiology, prognosis, and treatment of PSE and EAL. METHODS: We performed an extensive literature search to identify experimental and clinical articles on PSE and EAL...
August 2016: Epilepsia
Alica M Goldman, W Curt LaFrance, Tim Benke, Miya Asato, Dan Drane, Alison Pack, Tanvir Syed, Robert Doss, Samden Lhatoo, Brandy Fureman, Ray Dingledine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Epilepsy Currents
Aristea S Galanopoulou, Michael Wong, Devin Binder, Adam L Hartman, Elizabeth M Powell, Avtar Roopra, Richard Staba, Annamaria Vezzani, Brandy Fureman, Ray Dingledine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Epilepsy Currents
Rochelle Caplan, Heather Mefford, Madison Berl, Bernard Chang, Jack Lin, Andrey Mazarati, Brandy Fureman, Ray Dingledine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Epilepsy Currents
Yong Zhang, Shanshan Wang, Pei Chen, Xiaoshu Zhu, Zongheng Li
INTRODUCTION: Stroke is a major cause of death and disability, and imposes a huge burden and significant workload for patients, their families and society. As a special form of physical activity, Tai Chi is may be useful for stroke rehabilitation. The objective of this review is to systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Tai Chi for rehabilitation in stroke patients. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will conduct a systematic search of the following electronic databases from their inception to 31 October 2015: MEDLINE, EMBASE, the Cochrane Library, the Chinese BioMedical Literature Database (CBM), the Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), the Chinese Science and Technology Periodical Database (VIP), Wanfang and the Chinese Dissertation Database...
2016: BMJ Open
Marco T Medina, Gustavo C Román
The Pan-American Federation of Neurological Societies (PAFNS) was created on 15 November 2011 during the 20th World Congress of Neurology in Marrakech by virtue of the "Declaration of Morocco" signed by the WFN Latin American delegates and ratified on 5 March 2012 by delegates attending the 13th Pan-American Congress of Neurology in La Paz, Bolivia. On 20 March 2013 delegates attending the 65th Annual Meeting of the American Academy of Neurology in San Diego, California, USA, gave formal approval to the PAFNS Constitution...
July 15, 2016: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
J B Kuramatsu, H B Huttner, S Schwab
In Germany dedicated neurological-neurosurgical critical care (NCC) is the fastest growing specialty and one of the five big disciplines integrated within the German critical care society (Deutsche Interdisziplinäre Vereinigung für Intensiv- und Notfallmedizin; DIVI). High-quality investigations based on resilient evidence have underlined the need for technical advances, timely optimization of therapeutic procedures, and multidisciplinary team-work to treat those critically ill patients. This evolution has repeatedly raised questions, whether NCC-units should be run independently or better be incorporated within multidisciplinary critical care units, whether treatment variations exist that impact clinical outcome, and whether nowadays NCC-units can operate cost-efficiently? Stroke is the most frequent disease entity treated on NCC-units, one of the most common causes of death in Germany leading to a great socio-economic burden due to long-term disabled patients...
June 2016: Der Nervenarzt
Hormuzdiyar H Dasenbrock, Kevin X Liu, Vamsidhar Chavakula, Christopher A Devine, William B Gormley, Elizabeth B Claus, Timothy R Smith, Ian F Dunn
OBJECTIVE Although there is a growing body of research highlighting the negative impact of obesity and malnutrition on surgical outcomes, few studies have evaluated these parameters in patients undergoing intracranial surgery. The goal of this study was to use a national registry to evaluate the association of body mass index (BMI) and hypoalbuminemia with 30-day outcomes after craniotomy for tumor. METHODS Adult patients who underwent craniotomy for tumor were extracted from the prospective National Surgical Quality Improvement Program registry...
May 20, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery
Phyo Kyaw Myint, Chun Shing Kwok, Christine Roffe, Evangelos Kontopantelis, Azfar Zaman, Colin Berry, Peter F Ludman, Mark A de Belder, Mamas A Mamas
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Stroke after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is a serious complication, but its determinants and outcomes after PCI in different clinical settings are poorly documented. METHODS: The British Cardiovascular Intervention Society (BCIS) database was used to study 560 439 patients who underwent PCI in England and Wales between 2006 and 2013. We examined procedural-type specific determinants of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke and the likelihood of subsequent 30-day mortality and in-hospital major adverse cardiovascular events (a composite of in-hospital mortality, myocardial infarction or reinfarction, and repeat revascularization)...
June 2016: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
Saritha Surapaneni, T Prakash, MdAsif Ansari, Pm Manjunath, D Kotresha, Divakar Goli
Stroke is a major cause of death and disability worldwide. The resulting burden on the society continues to grow, with increase in the incidence of stroke. Oxidative stress has been involved in the pathogenesis of several neurological diseases including acute stroke.Focal and global cerebral ischemia represents diseases that are common in the human population.In recent years much attention is being paid towards the exploration of herbal preparation, antioxidant agents and combination therapies including COX-2 inhibitors in experimental model of stroke...
May 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Timothy Hou Teng Oh, Tom Kai Ming Wang, James A Pemberton, Peter J Raudkivi
BACKGROUND: The European Society of Cardiology 2015 guidelines advise urgent surgery for endocarditis complicated by cerebral embolism or transient ischemic events (1B evidence). Nevertheless, the timing of surgery remains contentious. This study aimed to review our experience of early versus delayed surgery in a selected cohort. METHODS: Our surgical database was examined for patients with a discharge diagnosis of endocarditis from 2005 to 2011. Selection was limited to patients who fulfilled the Duke criteria and underwent brain imaging for a clinically diagnosed preoperative neurological event...
June 2016: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Un Jung Kang, Jennifer G Goldman, Roy N Alcalay, Tao Xie, Paul Tuite, Claire Henchcliffe, Penelope Hogarth, Amy W Amara, Samuel Frank, Alice Rudolph, Cynthia Casaceli, Howard Andrews, Katrina Gwinn, Margaret Sutherland, Catherine Kopil, Lona Vincent, Mark Frasier
BACKGROUND: Identifying PD-specific biomarkers in biofluids will greatly aid in diagnosis, monitoring progression, and therapeutic interventions. PD biomarkers have been limited by poor discriminatory power, partly driven by heterogeneity of the disease, variability of collection protocols, and focus on de novo, unmedicated patients. Thus, a platform for biomarker discovery and validation in well-characterized, clinically typical, moderate to advanced PD cohorts is critically needed. METHODS: BioFIND (Fox Investigation for New Discovery of Biomarkers in Parkinson's Disease) is a cross-sectional, multicenter biomarker study that established a repository of clinical data, blood, DNA, RNA, CSF, saliva, and urine samples from 118 moderate to advanced PD and 88 healthy control subjects...
June 2016: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
Hannah C Glass, Renée A Shellhaas, Courtney J Wusthoff, Taeun Chang, Nicholas S Abend, Catherine J Chu, M Roberta Cilio, David V Glidden, Sonia L Bonifacio, Shavonne Massey, Tammy N Tsuchida, Faye S Silverstein, Janet S Soul
OBJECTIVE: To determine the contemporary etiology, burden, and short-term outcomes of seizures in neonates monitored with continuous video-electroencephalogram (cEEG). STUDY DESIGN: We prospectively collected data from 426 consecutive neonates (56% male, 88% term) ≤44 weeks' postmenstrual age with clinically suspected seizures and/or electrographic seizures. Subjects were assessed between January 2013 and April 2015 at 7 US tertiary care pediatric centers following the guidelines of the American Clinical Neurophysiology Society for cEEG for at-risk neonates...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
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