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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333814/morbidity-in-congenital-heart-surgery-in-a-public-hospital-in-argentina
#1
María Althabe, Ricardo Rodríguez R, María Balestrini, Alberto Charroqui, Mariela Krynski, Ana M Lenz, Mercedes Montonati, Guillermo Moreno, María L Pilan, Ricardo Magliola, Pablo García Delucis
OBJECTIVE: To describe the complications associated with heart surgery, compare them to a reference population, and identify mortality risk factors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Retrospective and descriptive study. All patients who underwent surgery at Hospital Garrahan in the 2013-2015 period were included. Age, weight, procedure, mechanical ventilation, length of stay in days, morbidity, and course were recorded. Renal failure requiring dialysis, neurological deficit, permanent pacemaker, circulatory support, phrenic nerve or vocal cord palsy, reoperation, wound infection, chylothorax, and tracheotomy were considered morbidities...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331872/effect-of-physical-activity-on-cognitive-flexibility-depression-and-rbd-in-healthy-elderly
#2
Stefanie Lerche, Alexandra Gutfreund, Kathrin Brockmann, Markus A Hobert, Isabel Wurster, Ulrike Sünkel, Gerhard W Eschweiler, Florian G Metzger, Walter Maetzler, Daniela Berg
OBJECTIVE: The prevalence of Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease increases with the raising number of elderly, which will be a challenging situation for the healthcare systems and society in the future. There is evidence that there are modifiable risk-factors e.g. physical activity for these diseases. Here, we study the interaction between sports inactivity with prodromal markers for neurodegeneration. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We investigated 667 neurologically healthy individuals cross-sectional and a subgroup longitudinal over six years...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327099/-genetics-of-tremor
#3
REVIEW
G Kuhlenbäumer, F Hopfner
BACKGROUND: Tremor is a symptom of many diseases and can constitute a disease of its own: essential tremor. OBJECTIVE: The genetics of essential tremor and differential diagnosis of monogenic diseases with the symptom tremor. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Literature search and search of clinical genetics databases, e.g. OMIM, GeneReviews, MDSGene and the German Neurological Society (DGN) guidelines. RESULTS: The genetics of essential tremor remain unresolved in spite of large, adequately powered studies...
January 11, 2018: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326531/medial-pivot-in-total-knee-arthroplasty-literature-review-and-our-first-experience
#4
REVIEW
Luigi Sabatini, Salvatore Risitano, Gennaro Parisi, Ferdinando Tosto, Pier Francesco Indelli, Francesco Atzori, Alessandro Massè
Background: Traditional total knee implants designs, usually, are not able to reproduce the physiological kinematics of the knee, leaving almost 20% of the patients, those who underwent a total knee arthroplasty (TKA), not fully satisfied. Modern inserts are nowadays designed with a fully congruent medial compartment to reproduce the normal medial pivoting biomechanics of the knee. The aim of this article was to evaluate preliminary clinical improvement using the Medial Congruent (MC) insert as specific level of constraint...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Arthritis and Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323040/d-dimer-may-predict-poor-outcomes-in-patients-with-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-a-retrospective-study
#5
Jun-Hui Liu, Xiang-Kui Li, Zhi-Biao Chen, Qiang Cai, Long Wang, Ying-Hu Ye, Qian-Xue Chen
Serum biomarkers may play a reliable role in predicting the outcomes of patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. This study retrospectively analyzed the relationship between serum biomarkers on admission and outcomes in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage. We recruited 146 patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage who were treated in Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University of China between 1 May 2014 and 30 March 2016. There were 57 males and 89 females included and average age of included patients was 57...
December 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322616/development-of-methods-and-feasibility-of-using-hyperpolarized-carbon-13-imaging-data-for-evaluating-brain-metabolism-in-patient-studies
#6
Ilwoo Park, Peder E Z Larson, Jeremy W Gordon, Lucas Carvajal, Hsin-Yu Chen, Robert Bok, Mark Van Criekinge, Marcus Ferrone, James B Slater, Duan Xu, John Kurhanewicz, Daniel B Vigneron, Susan Chang, Sarah J Nelson
PURPOSE: Hyperpolarized carbon-13 (13 C) metabolic imaging is a noninvasive imaging modality for evaluating real-time metabolism. The purpose of this study was to develop and implement experimental strategies for using [1-13 C]pyruvate to probe in vivo metabolism for patients with brain tumors and other neurological diseases. METHODS: The 13 C radiofrequency coils and pulse sequences were tested in a phantom and were performed using a 3 Tesla whole-body scanner...
January 10, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321713/two-branches-of-the-same-tree-a-brief-history-of-turkish-neuropsychiatric-society-1914-2016
#7
Fatih Artvinli, Şahap Erkoç, Fulya Kardeş
Introduction: The aim of this article is to provide a brief history of Turkish Neuropsychiatric Society by examining its institutional background, the milestones within its history, and the major activities undertaken by the organization during the years. Methods: Firstly, the books, journals, and articles that are related to the history of psychiatry and neurology in Turkey have been reviewed and the information that can explain the history of the society has been brought together...
December 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316350/relationships-between-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-intolerance-of-uncertainty
#8
Roma A Vasa, Nicole L Kreiser, Amy Keefer, Vini Singh, Stewart H Mostofsky
Intolerance of uncertainty (IU) is a dispositional risk factor involving maladaptive responding under conditions of uncertainty. Recent data indicate that IU is likely elevated in youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and is positively correlated with anxiety. This study examined whether IU may be associated with ASD independent of anxiety. Relationships between anxiety, ASD, and IU were examined in 57 children with ASD without co-occurring intellectual disability and 32 control participants, ages 7-16 years...
January 7, 2018: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306355/neurophysiology-of-the-pelvic-floor-in-clinical-practice-a-systematic-literature-review
#9
REVIEW
Fiorella Bianchi, Giovanna M Squintani, M Osio, A Morini, C Bana, G Ardolino, M Barbieri, L Bertolasi, R Caramelli, F Cogiamian, A Currà, G de Scisciolo, C Foresti, V Frasca, E Frasson, M Inghilleri, L Maderna, L Motti, E Onesti, M C Romano, U Del Carro
Neurophysiological testing of the pelvic floor is recognized as an essential tool to identify pathophysiological mechanisms of pelvic floor disorders, support clinical diagnosis, and aid in therapeutic decisions. Nevertheless, the diagnostic value of these tests in specific neurological diseases of the pelvic floor is not completely clarified. Seeking to fill this gap, the members of the Neurophysiology of the Pelvic Floor Study Group of the Italian Clinical Neurophysiology Society performed a systematic review of the literature to gather available evidence for and against the utility of neurophysiological tests...
October 2017: Functional Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303124/prevalence-and-clinical-characteristics-of-headaches-among-undergraduate-students-in-three-tertiary-institutions-in-ilorin-nigeria
#10
E O Sanya, O O Desalu, S A Aderibigbe, P M Kolo, A F Mustapha, O A Adeyanju
OBJECTIVE: Headache is a common chronic neurologic disorder with huge economic and psychosocial impact. In comparison with other neurological disorders, there is limited data on primary headache, especially from sub-Saharan Africa. This study was done to fill in the gap and provide recent information on headache among Nigerian undergraduate students. METHODOLOGY: Quota sampling was used to select students from three tertiary educational institutions within Ilorin, the capital of Kwara state...
November 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302987/an-investigation-of-factors-influencing-high-usage-of-medical-and-long-term-care-services-in-an-aging-society-in-japan
#11
Kana Kazawa, Md Moshiur Rahman, Michiko Moriyama
Medical and long-term care costs are increasing all over the world. In this study, we investigated the characteristics of groups with high cost of medical and long-term care to define targets for curbing social security costs. As a result, for the population covered by the National Health Insurance, a large portion of medical costs were incurred for mental disorders, malignant neoplasms, and lifestyle-related diseases. For those covered by the Late Elderly Health Insurance System, most medical costs were incurred for lifestyle-related diseases, femoral fractures, neurological diseases, mental disorders, pneumonia, malignant neoplasms, and Alzheimer's disease...
January 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301440/advancing-the-understanding-of-progression-in-multiple-sclerosis-an-interview-with-shibeshih-belachew
#12
Shibeshih Belachew
Shibeshih Belachew speaks to Laura Dormer, Commissioning Editor: Dr Shibeshih Belachew, MD, PhD, is a Senior Medical Director for Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Disease Area in Global Product Development Medical Affairs at Roche (Basel, Switzerland). Prior to joining Roche in January 2016, he was Director of MS Franchise and Head of Medical Director's office for Biogen Region Europe and Canada. Previously at Biogen he also served as a Director in Global Neurology for the natalizumab program in Cambridge (MA, USA)...
January 5, 2018: Neurodegenerative Disease Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299501/giant-cell-tumor-of-the-sacrum-series-of-19-patients-and-review-of-the-literature
#13
Khodamorad Jamshidi, Abolfazl Bagherifard, Alireza Mirzaei, Mehrdad Bahrabadi
There are still some debates regarding the best treatment of Giant Cell Tumor (GCT) of the sacrum. Since GCT of this location is rare, therapeutic strategies are mainly based on the treatment of GCT in other anatomic locations. The objective of this study was to evaluate the oncologic and clinical results of surgical management of sacral GCT with and without local adjuvant therapy. Medical records of 19 patients diagnosed with GCT of the sacrum, were retrospectively reviewed. Sixteen patients were treated by intralesional curettage and three patients with marginal resection...
November 2017: Archives of Bone and Joint Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298301/mapping-of-global-scientific-research-in-comorbidity-and-multimorbidity-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#14
Ferrán Catalá-López, Adolfo Alonso-Arroyo, Matthew J Page, Brian Hutton, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, Rafael Aleixandre-Benavent
BACKGROUND: The management of comorbidity and multimorbidity poses major challenges to health services around the world. Analysis of scientific research in comorbidity and multimorbidity is limited in the biomedical literature. This study aimed to map global scientific research in comorbidity and multimorbidity to understand the maturity and growth of the area during the past decades. METHODS AND FINDINGS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of the Web of Science...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297596/neuropathology-of-autonomic-dysfunction-in-synucleinopathies
#15
REVIEW
Elizabeth A Coon, Jeremy K Cutsforth-Gregory, Eduardo E Benarroch
The synucleinopathies-Parkinson's disease, dementia with Lewy bodies, multiple system atrophy, and pure autonomic failure-result from distinct patterns of abnormal α-synuclein aggregation throughout the nervous system. Autonomic dysfunction in these disorders results from variable involvement of the central and peripheral autonomic networks. The major pathologic hallmark of Parkinson's disease and dementia with Lewy bodies is Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites; of multiple system atrophy, oligodendroglial cytoplasmic inclusions; and of pure autonomic failure, peripheral neuronal cytoplasmic inclusions...
January 3, 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290130/women-fare-best-following-surgery-for-degenerative-lumbar-spondylolisthesis-a-comparison-of-the-most-and-least-satisfied-patients-utilizing-data-from-the-quality-outcomes-database
#16
Andrew K Chan, Erica F Bisson, Mohamad Bydon, Steven D Glassman, Kevin T Foley, Eric A Potts, Christopher I Shaffrey, Mark E Shaffrey, Domagoj Coric, John J Knightly, Paul Park, Kai-Ming Fu, Jonathan R Slotkin, Anthony L Asher, Michael S Virk, Panagiotis Kerezoudis, Silky Chotai, Anthony M DiGiorgio, Alvin Y Chan, Regis W Haid, Praveen V Mummaneni
OBJECTIVE The American Association of Neurological Surgeons launched the Quality Outcomes Database (QOD), a prospective longitudinal registry that includes demographic, clinical, and patient-reported outcome (PRO) data, to measure the safety and quality of neurosurgical procedures, including spinal surgery. Differing results from recent randomized controlled trials have established a need to clarify the groups that would most benefit from surgery for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis. In the present study, the authors compared patients who were the most and the least satisfied following surgery for degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis...
January 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288108/sexual-dysfunction-after-good-grade-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage
#17
Lorenz Epprecht, Michael Messerli, Robin Samuel, Martin Seule, Johannes Weber, Jean-Yves Fournier, Werner Surbeck
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to assess the consequences of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) on sexual pleasure in patients with an otherwise favorable neurological outcome. METHODS: Anonymous, standardized questionnaires concerning sexual function, including the International Index of Erectile Function, Female Sexual Function Index, and a statement on subjective change in sexual pleasure after aSAH, were completed by 33 patients treated at the Cantonal Hospital St...
December 26, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287819/adult-spinal-deformity-knowledge-in-orthopedic-spine-surgeons-impact-of-fellowship-training-experience-and-practice-characteristics
#18
Zachary J Grabel, Robert A Hart, Aaron P Clark, Sara Heejung Park, Christopher I Shaffrey, Justin K Scheer, Justin S Smith, Michael P Kelly, J Mason DePasse, Munish C Gupta, Christopher P Ames, Alan H Daniels
STUDY DESIGN: Survey study. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper was to assess the level of adult spine deformity (ASD) knowledge among orthopedic spine surgeons and identify areas for improvement in spine surgery training. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: ASD is increasingly encountered in spine surgery practice. While ASD knowledge among neurosurgeons has been evaluated, ASD knowledge among orthopedic spine surgeons has not previously been reported...
January 2018: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287728/-towards-a-national-strategy-on-the-diagnosis-of-neurocognitive-disorders-a-shared-approach-among-the-french-national-college-of-general-practitioners-and-specialists-of-neurocognitive-disorders
#19
Pierre Krolak-Salmon, Laurent Letrilliart, Mathieu Ceccaldi, Sandrine Andrieu, Olivier Guérin, Bruno Dubois, Bruno Brochet, Pierre Vandel, Claude Jeandel, Armelle Leperre-Desplanques, Michel Clanet, Pierre-Louis Druais
Neurocognitive disorders leading to progressive cognitive, functional and behavioural impairment are often undiagnosed or diagnosed lately. But tailored care and therapeutics help in implementing secondary and tertiary prevention dynamics aiming at preserving quality of life and delaying, anticipating or preventing behavioural crisis and severe stages of dementia. Moreover, the diagnosis of numerous diseases induces specific care and therapeutics, as well access to research and clinical trials. For the first time, the representatives of the National College of General Practitioners, the French Federation of Memory Centres, the French Federation of Gerontology and Geriatrics, the French Federation of Neurology, the French Society of Psychogeriatrics and the national plan on neurodegenerative diseases propose a graduated and tailored diagnosis strategy involving primary care and specialists of neurocognitive disorders...
December 26, 2017: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283018/a-practical-clinical-kinematic-model-for-the-upper-limbs
#20
Jonathan J Noble, Nicola Rd Fry, Carly R Bingham, Rebecca H East, Adam P Shortland
A novel clinically practical upper limb model is introduced that has been developed through clinical use in children and adults with neurological conditions to guide surgery to the elbow and wrist. This model has a minimal marker set, minimal virtual markers, and no functional joint centres to minimise the demands on the patient and duration of data collection. The model calculates forearm supination independently from the humerus segment, eliminating any errors introduced by poor modelling of the shoulder joint centre...
December 1, 2017: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
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