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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779827/zika-virus-report-from-the-task-force-on-tropical-diseases-by-the-world-federation-of-societies-of-intensive-and-critical-care-medicine
#1
Gisele Sampaio Silva, Guy A Richards, Tim Baker, Jorge Hidalgo, Juan Ignacio Silesky Jiménez, Pravin Amin
Zika fever is an acute infectious disease caused by the Zika virus (ZIKV), an RNA virus belonging to the genus Flavivirus. ZIKV can be transmitted by bites from Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus species, sexual activity, blood transfusion and from mother to fetus during pregnancy and delivery. A total of 50 territories and countries in the Americas had reported ZIKV infections. For those with symptoms, the presentation is similar to dengue fever with body aches, joint pain, fatigue, malaise, fever and conjunctivitis lasting up to seven days...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775977/-rehabilitation-after-traumatic-fracture-of-thoracic-and-lumbar-spine
#2
Hartmut Bork, Stefan Simmel, Eckhardt Böhle, Ulrich Ernst, Klaus Fischer, Bernd Fromm, Jean-Jacques Glaesener, Bernhard Greitemann, P Krause, S Panning, V Pullwitt, J Schmidt, Andreas Veihelmann, Lutz Vogt
On the basis of the S2-k guideline "Rehabilitation after traumatic fractures of the thoracic und lumbar spine without neurologic disorder", this article gives an overview of target-oriented rehabilitation of patients with minor fractures or those with column stability and unstable spinal fractures which are stabilised by surgery. To obtain early social and job related reintegration, outpatient or inpatient rehabilitation has to start immediately after treatment in hospital. Rehabilitation must be orientated towards the biopsychosocial model of ICF and has to be adapted for the patient...
May 18, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773566/multisociety-consensus-quality-improvement-revised-consensus-statement-for-endovascular-therapy-of-acute-ischemic-stroke-from-the-american-association-of-neurological-surgeons-aans-american-society-of-neuroradiology-asnr-cardiovascular-and-interventional-radiology
#3
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766366/consensus-statement-on-the-definition-of-neurogenic-supine-hypertension-in-cardiovascular-autonomic-failure-by-the-american-autonomic-society-aas-and-the-european-federation-of-autonomic-societies-efas-endorsed-by-the-european-academy-of-neurology-ean-and-the
#4
REVIEW
Alessandra Fanciulli, Jens Jordan, Italo Biaggioni, Giovanna Calandra-Buonaura, William P Cheshire, Pietro Cortelli, Sabine Eschlboeck, Guido Grassi, Max J Hilz, Horacio Kaufmann, Heinz Lahrmann, Giuseppe Mancia, Gert Mayer, Lucy Norcliffe-Kaufmann, Anne Pavy-Le Traon, Satish R Raj, David Robertson, Isabel Rocha, Walter Struhal, Roland Thijs, Konstantinos P Tsioufis, J Gert van Dijk, Gregor K Wenning
PURPOSE: Patients suffering from cardiovascular autonomic failure often develop neurogenic supine hypertension (nSH), i.e., high blood pressure (BP) in the supine position, which falls in the upright position owing to impaired autonomic regulation. A committee was formed to reach consensus among experts on the definition and diagnosis of nSH in the context of cardiovascular autonomic failure. METHODS: As a first and preparatory step, a systematic search of PubMed-indexed literature on nSH up to January 2017 was performed...
May 15, 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765218/the-effects-of-maras-powder-use-on-patients-with-migraine
#5
Yılmaz İnanç, Fatma Özlem Orhan, Yusuf İnanç
Background: It is accepted that smoking often triggers migraine. However, studies evaluating the relationship between the use of smokeless tobacco and migraine are limited, and there is no clear consensus on the subject. In this study, it was aimed to evaluate the relationship between migraine and Maras powder, which is the most common smokeless tobacco in Turkey. Subjects and methods: The study included a total of 600 subjects, consisting of 300 patients (aged >18 years) diagnosed with a migraine according to the International Headache Society (IHS-ICHD-3 Beta) criteria after presenting at Sütçü Imam University Medical Faculty Neurology Policlinic with the complaint of headache between July 2016 and December 2016 and a control group of 300 individuals with similar features of age, gender, and educational level...
2018: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763271/adults-with-developmental-disabilities-a-comprehensive-approach-to-medical-care
#6
Clarissa Kripke
Developmental disabilities are attributable to a cognitive impairment, physical impairment, or both. They manifest during the developmental period from birth to early adulthood, and are likely to continue indefinitely. The life expectancy of most persons with developmental disabilities now approaches that of the general population. According to the neurodiversity model of care, developmental disability is accepted as a valued part of human neurologic diversity. The social model focuses on improving participation in society with accommodations such as adaptive equipment or improvements to the social and physical environment...
May 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762181/intraneural-ultrasound-guided-sciatic-nerve-block-minimum-effective-volume-and-electrophysiologic-effects
#7
Gianluca Cappelleri, Andrea Luigi Ambrosoli, Marco Gemma, Valeria Libera Eva Cedrati, Federico Bizzarri, Giorgio Francesco Danelli
BACKGROUND: Both extra- and intraneural sciatic injection resulted in significant axonal nerve damage. This study aimed to establish the minimum effective volume of intraneural ropivacaine 1% for complete sensory-motor sciatic nerve block in 90% of patients, and related electrophysiologic variations. METHODS: Forty-seven consecutive American Society of Anesthesiologists physical status I-II patients received an ultrasound-guided popliteal intraneural nerve block following the up-and-down biased coin design...
May 15, 2018: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756333/safe-use-of-epidural-corticosteroid-injections-recommendations-of-the-wip-benelux-workgroup
#8
REVIEW
Koen Van Boxem, Mienke Rijsdijk, Guy Hans, Jasper de Jong, Jan Willem Kallewaard, Kris Vissers, Maarten van Kleef, James P Rathmell, Jan Van Zundert
BACKGROUND: Epidural corticosteroid injections are used frequently worldwide in the treatment of radicular pain. Concerns have risen involving rare major neurologic injuries after this treatment. Recommendations to prevent these complications have been published, but local implementation is not always feasible due to local circumstances and necessitating local recommendations based on literature review. METHODS: A workgroup of 4 stakeholder pain societies in Belgium, The Netherlands and Luxembourg (Benelux) has reviewed the literature involving neurological complications after epidural corticosteroid injections and possible safety measures to prevent these major neurologic injuries...
May 14, 2018: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756278/sleep-related-motor-and-behavioral-disorders-recent-advances-and-new-entities
#9
REVIEW
David P Breen, Birgit Högl, Alfonso Fasano, Claudia Trenkwalder, Anthony E Lang
Patients with sleep-related motor and behavioral disorders present to a variety of subspecialty clinics (neurology, sleep medicine, respiratory medicine, psychiatry). Diagnosing these disorders can be difficult, and sometimes they have a significant impact on quality of life. Alongside a number of common and well-recognized conditions, several new disease entities have been described in recent years that present with abnormal nocturnal motor phenomena (such as ADCY5-associated disease and anti-IgLON5 disease)...
May 14, 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746481/disease-specific-out-of-pocket-and-catastrophic-health-expenditure-on-hospitalization-in-india-do-indian-households-face-distress-health-financing
#10
Anshul Kastor, Sanjay K Mohanty
BACKGROUND: Rising non-communicable diseases (NCDs) coupled with increasing injuries have resulted in a significant increase in health spending in India. While out-of-pocket expenditure remains the major source of health care financing in India (two-thirds of the total health spending), the financial burden varies enormously across diseases and by the economic well-being of the households. Though prior studies have examined the variation in disease pattern, little is known about the financial risk to the families by type of diseases in India...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743022/predictors-of-major-complications-after-elective-abdominal-surgery-in-cancer-patients
#11
Claudia M Simões, Maria J C Carmona, Ludhmila A Hajjar, Jean-Louis Vincent, Giovanni Landoni, Alessandro Belletti, Joaquim E Vieira, Juliano P de Almeida, Elisangela P de Almeida, Ulysses Ribeiro, Ana L Kauling, Celso Tutyia, Lie Tamaoki, Julia T Fukushima, José O C Auler
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing abdominal surgery for solid tumours frequently develop major postoperative complications, which negatively affect quality of life, costs of care and survival. Few studies have identified the determinants of perioperative complications in this group. METHODS: We performed a prospective observational study including all patients (age > 18) undergoing abdominal surgery for cancer at a single institution between June 2011 and August 2013...
May 9, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742929/trends-in-the-quality-of-work-presented-at-the-society-of-british-neurological-surgeons-meetings-1975-to-2010
#12
John M Pallot, Halima Choonara, Elliot Gerrard, Kanna K Gnanalingham, Benjamin M Davies
BACKGROUND: The quality of scientific publications in clinical journals is well studied but the quality of work presented at medical conferences less so. AIMS: To describe trends in the quality of presentations at the Society of British Neurological Surgeons [SBNS] conference between 1975 and 2010 and the factors associated with higher quality work in order to consider what might improve publication rates. METHODS: Analysis was conducted in 5-year time periods (i...
May 9, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713307/fetal-neuroprotection-by-magnesium-sulfate-from-translational-research-to-clinical-application
#13
REVIEW
Clément Chollat, Loïc Sentilhes, Stéphane Marret
Despite improvements in perinatal care, preterm birth still occurs regularly and the associated brain injury and adverse neurological outcomes remain a persistent challenge. Antenatal magnesium sulfate administration is an intervention with demonstrated neuroprotective effects for preterm births before 32 weeks of gestation (WG). Owing to its biological properties, including its action as an N -methyl-d-aspartate receptor blocker and its anti-inflammatory effects, magnesium is a good candidate for neuroprotection...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709457/diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-epidemiology-diagnosis-and-pharmacotherapy
#14
REVIEW
Zohaib Iqbal, Shazli Azmi, Rahul Yadav, Maryam Ferdousi, Mohit Kumar, Daniel J Cuthbertson, Jonathan Lim, Rayaz A Malik, Uazman Alam
PURPOSE: Diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) is the commonest cause of neuropathy worldwide, and its prevalence increases with the duration of diabetes. It affects approximately half of patients with diabetes. DPN is symmetric and predominantly sensory, starting distally and gradually spreading proximally in a glove-and-stocking distribution. It causes substantial morbidity and is associated with increased mortality. The unrelenting nature of pain in this condition can negatively affect a patient's sleep, mood, and functionality and result in a poor quality of life...
April 27, 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704037/clinical-utility-of-fdg-pet-for-the-clinical-diagnosis-in-mci
#15
REVIEW
Javier Arbizu, Cristina Festari, Daniele Altomare, Zuzana Walker, Femke Bouwman, Jasmine Rivolta, Stefania Orini, Henryk Barthel, Federica Agosta, Alexander Drzezga, Peter Nestor, Marina Boccardi, Giovanni Battista Frisoni, Flavio Nobili
PURPOSE: We aim to report the quality of accuracy studies investigating the utility of [18 F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-PET in supporting the diagnosis of prodromal Alzheimer's Disease (AD), frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) and prodromal dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) in mild cognitive impairment (MCI) subjects, and the corresponding recommendations made by a panel of experts. METHODS: Seven panellist, four from the European Association of Nuclear Medicine, and three from the European Academy of Neurology, produced recommendations taking into consideration the incremental value of FDG-PET, as added on clinical-neuropsychological examination, to ascertain the aetiology of MCI (AD, FTLD or DLB)...
April 27, 2018: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701555/stereotactic-radiosurgery-for-trigeminal-neuralgia-a-systematic-review
#16
Constantin Tuleasca, Jean Régis, Arjun Sahgal, Antonio De Salles, Motohiro Hayashi, Lijun Ma, Roberto Martínez-Álvarez, Ian Paddick, Samuel Ryu, Ben J Slotman, Marc Levivier
OBJECTIVES The aims of this systematic review are to provide an objective summary of the published literature specific to the treatment of classical trigeminal neuralgia with stereotactic radiosurgery (RS) and to develop consensus guideline recommendations for the use of RS, as endorsed by the International Society of Stereotactic Radiosurgery (ISRS). METHODS The authors performed a systematic review of the English-language literature from 1951 up to December 2015 using the Embase, PubMed, and MEDLINE databases...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701421/rapid-pacing-for-thoracic-endovascular-aortic-repair-a-case-report
#17
Hugo Silva, Andreia Fernandes, João Rodrigues, Daniel Brandão, Manuela Vieira, Catarina Celestino
INTRODUCTION: Endovascular aortic interventions are suitable alternatives to open surgery, being less invasive and having lower mortality and complications. Accurate positioning of the stent graft is a critical point because of systolic thrush. Techniques used to prevent it include pharmacological (antihypertensive drugs, nitroglycerin, adenosine) and mechanical methods (temporary caval occlusion by balloon). Rapid Right Ventricular Pacing (RRVP) is an emerging alternative with good patient tolerance and low level of complications...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701382/institutional-protocol-for-prevention-of-tevar-related-spinal-cord-ischemia-the-first-9-cases
#18
Marina Dias-Neto, Pedro Reis, Leonor Mendes, Margarida Rodrigues, Cristina Amaral, Graça Afonso, José Fernando Teixeira
INTRODUCTION: Spinal cord ischemia (SCI) is a feared complication after endovascular correction of thoracic aortic diseases (TEVAR). The guidelines of the European Society for Vascular Surgery recommend prophylactic lumbar drainage (LD) of cerebrospinal fluid in high-risk patients undergoing TEVAR. Our institutional protocol considers as high-risk patients as: coverage of the origin of the Adamkiewicz artery (T9-T12), aortic coverage >15 cm, involvement of collaterals (treated or untreated abdominal aortic aneurysm, left subclavian artery revascularization or bilateral occlusion of the internal iliac arteries) and symptomatic SCI...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701358/carotid-stenosis-in-cardiac-surgery-patients
#19
Pedro Pinto Sousa, Gabriela Teixeira, João Gonçalves, Carlos Veiga, Pedro Sá Pinto, Pedro Brandão, Alexandra Canedo, Luis Vouga, Rui Almeida
INTRODUCTION: Ischemic stroke is a potential perioperative complication after an open heart surgery (OHS). Whether a carotid stenosis or occlusion is associated with an increased risk of perioperative stroke in patients or just a risk factor has been a concern of intense debate in the literature. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients submitted to OHS between January and December2016 with known asymptomatic carotid disease. The data from 85 consecutive patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting, valve replacement, or both was collected...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701263/neurological-adverse-event-profile-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-guided-focused-ultrasound-thalamotomy-for-essential-tremor
#20
Paul S Fishman, W Jeffrey Elias, Pejman Ghanouni, Ryder Gwinn, Nir Lipsman, Michael Schwartz, Jin W Chang, Takaomi Taira, Vibhor Krishna, Ali Rezai, Kazumichi Yamada, Keiji Igase, Rees Cosgrove, Haruhiko Kashima, Michael G Kaplitt, Travis S Tierney, Howard M Eisenberg
BACKGROUND: Magnetic resonance imaging-guided focused ultrasound thalamotomy is approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration for treatment of essential tremor. Although this incisionless technology creates an ablative lesion, it potentially avoids serious complications of open stereotactic surgery. OBJECTIVE: To determine the safety profile of magnetic resonance imaging-guided focused ultrasound unilateral thalamotomy for essential tremor, including frequency, and severity of adverse events, including serious adverse events...
April 27, 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
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