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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437370/ethics-guide-recommendations-for-organ-donation-focused-physicians-endorsed-by-the-canadian-medical-association
#1
Sam D Shemie, Christy Simpson, Jeff Blackmer, Shavaun MacDonald, Sonny Dhanani, Sylvia Torrance, Paul Byrne
Donation physicians are specialists with expertise in organ and tissue donation and have been recognized internationally as a key contributor to improving organ and tissue donation services. Subsequent to a 2011 Canadian Critical Care Society-Canadian Blood Services consultation, the donation physician role has been gradually implemented in Canada. These professionals are generally intensive care unit physicians with an enhanced focus and expertise in organ/tissue donation. They must manage the dual obligation of caring for dying patients and their families while providing and/or improving organ donation services...
May 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432758/specificity-and-sensitivity-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-in-the-diagnosis-of-progressive-supranuclear-palsy
#2
REVIEW
Stephen Bacchi, Ivana Chim, Sandy Patel
Progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) is a neurodegenerative condition that can only be diagnosed conclusively on pathological examination. Currently, the diagnosis is based upon the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke and the Society for PSP criteria. These criteria consist of purely clinical findings. Elements of brain MRI that are being investigated for this role include identifying structural features on conventional MRI, volume changes, signal abnormalities and diffusion changes. The aim of this study is to conduct a systematic search to identify which MRI findings have evidence to support their sensitivity/specificity/accuracy in the diagnosis of PSP...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418689/an-official-american-thoracic-society-workshop-report-chemical-inhalational-disasters-biology-of-lung-injury-development-of-novel-therapeutics-and-medical-preparedness
#3
Eleanor M Summerhill, Gary W Hoyle, Sven-Eric Jordt, Bronwen J Jugg, James G Martin, Sadis Matalon, Steven E Patterson, David J Prezant, Alfred M Sciuto, Erik R Svendsen, Carl W White, Livia A Veress
This report is based upon the proceedings from the Inhalational Lung Injury Workshop jointly sponsored by the American Thoracic Society (ATS) and the National Institute of Health (NIH)/National Institute of Neurologic Disorders and Stroke (NINDS) Countermeasures Against Chemical Threats (CounterACT) program on May 21, 2013 in Philadelphia, PA. The CounterACT program facilitates research leading to the development of new and improved medical countermeasures for chemical threat agents. The workshop was initiated by the Terrorism and Inhalational Disasters (TID) Section of the Environmental, Occupational, and Population Health Assembly (EOPH) of the ATS...
April 18, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416250/therapeutic-hypothermia-for-neonates-with-hypoxic-ischemic-encephalopathy
#4
REVIEW
Ming-Chou Chiang, Yuh-Jyh Jong, Chyi-Her Lin
Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) is a recommended regimen for newborn infants who are at or near term with evolving moderate-to-severe hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). The Task Force of the Taiwan Child Neurology Society and the Taiwan Society of Neonatology held a joint meeting in 2015 to establish recommendations for using TH on newborn patients with HIE. Based on current evidence and experts' experiences, this review article summarizes the key points and recommendations regarding TH for newborns with HIE, including: (1) selection criteria for TH; (2) choices of method and equipment for TH; (3) TH prior to and during transport; (4) methods for temperature maintenance, monitoring, and rewarming; (5) systemic care of patients during TH, including the care of respiratory and cardiovascular systems, management of fluids, electrolytes, and nutrition, as well as sedation and drug metabolism; (6) monitoring and management of seizures; (7) neuroimaging, prognostic factors, and outcomes; and (8) adjuvant therapy for TH...
March 27, 2017: Pediatrics and Neonatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398932/brachial-arterial-pressure-monitoring-during-cardiac-surgery-rarely-causes-complications
#5
Asha Singh, Bobby Bahadorani, Brett J Wakefield, Natalya Makarova, Priya A Kumar, Michael Zhen-Yu Tong, Daniel I Sessler, Andra E Duncan
BACKGROUND: Brachial arterial catheters better estimate aortic pressure than radial arterial catheters but are used infrequently because complications in a major artery without collateral flow are potentially serious. However, the extent to which brachial artery cannulation promotes complications remains unknown. The authors thus evaluated a large cohort of cardiac surgical patients to estimate the incidence of related serious complications. METHODS: The institutional Society of Thoracic Surgeons Adult Cardiac Surgery Database and Perioperative Health Documentation System Registry of the Cleveland Clinic were used to identify patients who had brachial artery cannulation between 2007 and 2015...
April 10, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394031/degeneration-of-rapid-eye-movement-sleep-circuitry-underlies-rapid-eye-movement-sleep-behavior-disorder
#6
REVIEW
Dillon McKenna, John Peever
During healthy rapid eye movement sleep, skeletal muscles are actively forced into a state of motor paralysis. However, in rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder-a relatively common neurological disorder-this natural process is lost. A lack of motor paralysis (atonia) in rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder allows individuals to actively move, which at times can be excessive and violent. At first glance this may sound harmless, but it is not because rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder patients frequently injure themselves or the person they sleep with...
April 10, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387695/the-quest-to-apply-vr-technology-to-rehabilitation-tribulations-and-treasures
#7
Emily A Keshner, Joyce Fung
The papers that follow stem from a symposium presented at the International Society for Posture and Gait Research (ISPGR) in Seville, Spain, in July 2015. Four speakers were charged with presenting their methods of applying virtual reality (VR) technology to obtain meaningful rehabilitation outcomes. The symposium aims to explore characteristics of VR that modify mechanisms supporting motor relearning. Common impairments in posture and gait that can be modulated within virtual environments by employing motor learning concepts, including sensory augmentation and repetition, were examined...
2017: Journal of Vestibular Research: Equilibrium & Orientation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28387620/reoperation-and-readmission-after-clipping-of-an-unruptured-intracranial-aneurysm-a-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-analysis
#8
Hormuzdiyar H Dasenbrock, Timothy R Smith, Robert F Rudy, William B Gormley, M Ali Aziz-Sultan, Rose Du
OBJECTIVE Although reoperation and readmission have been used as quality metrics, there are limited data evaluating the rate of, reasons for, and predictors of reoperation and readmission after microsurgical clipping of unruptured aneurysms. METHODS Adult patients who underwent craniotomy for clipping of an unruptured aneurysm electively were extracted from the prospective National Surgical Quality Improvement Program registry (2011-2014). Multivariable logistic regression and recursive partitioning analysis evaluated the independent predictors of nonroutine hospital discharge, unplanned 30-day reoperation, and readmission...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382486/-guideline-conform-diagnostics-for-dysphagia-a%C3%A2-representative-survey-of-speech-therapists-at-certified-stroke-units-in-germany
#9
C M Flader, C Rosendahl, T Günther
BACKGROUND: Almost 260,000 people in Germany suffer from a stroke each year. As a consequence, for more than 60% this leads to dysphagia. In order to prevent secondary diseases, such as pneumonia, malnutrition and dehydration, a differentiated diagnosis by a multiprofessional team in a stroke unit is required. The guidelines in 2015 for diagnosing neurologic dysphagia by the German Society of Neurology recommend a detailed anamnesis, a standardized screening, a clinical swallowing examination and additional instrumental diagnostics...
April 5, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377294/a-survey-on-general-and-temperature-management-of-post-cardiac-arrest-patients-in-large-teaching-and-university-hospitals-in-14-european-countries-the-spame-trial-results
#10
Christian Storm, J Nee, Kjetil Sunde, Michael Holzer, Pia Hubner, Fabio Silvio Taccone, Hans Friberg, Esteban Lopez-de-Sa, Alain Cariou, Joerg C Schefold, Giuseppe Ristagno, Marko Noc, Dirk W Donker, Janusz Andres, Pawel Krawczyk, Markus B Skrifvars, James Penketh, Alexander Krannich, Michael Fries
INTRODUCTION: International guidelines recommend a bundle of care, including targeted temperature management (TTM), in post cardiac arrest survivors. Aside from a few small surveys in different European countries, adherence to the European Resuscitation Council (ERC) and European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM) recommendations are unknown. METHODS: This international European telephone survey was conducted to provide an overview of current clinical practice of post cardiac arrest management with a main focus on TTM...
April 2, 2017: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371877/comprehensive-analysis-of-13-897-consecutive-regional-anesthetics-at-an-ambulatory-surgery-center
#11
Randall J Malchow, Rajnish K Gupta, Yaping Shi, Matthew S Shotwell, Lisa M Jaeger, Clifford Bowens
Objective.:  The authors investigated a wide range of perioperative outcome measures in the context of a robust regional anesthesia practice. Design.:  Comprehensive review of a prospectively collected six-year database. Setting.:  Freestanding, academic ambulatory surgery center. Subjects.:  There were 13,897 consecutive regional anesthetics in 10,338 patients. Methods.:  We investigated patient satisfaction, postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), postoperative pain, catheter analgesia, and complications...
March 24, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368210/judicial-oversight-of-life-ending-withdrawal-of-assisted-nutrition-and-hydration-in-disorders-of-consciousness-in-the-united-kingdom-a-matter-of-life-and-death
#12
Mohamed Y Rady, Joseph L Verheijde
Mr Justice Baker delivered the Oxford Shrieval Lecture 'A Matter of Life and Death' on 11 October 2016. The lecture created public controversies about who can authorise withdrawal of assisted nutrition and hydration (ANH) in disorders of consciousness (DOC). The law requires court permission in 'best interests' decisions before ANH withdrawal only in permanent vegetative state and minimally conscious state. Some clinicians favour abandoning the need for court approval on the basis that clinicians are already empowered to withdraw ANH in other common conditions of DOC (e...
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367937/the-proceedings-of-the-106th-kinki-regional-meeting-of-the-japanese-society-of-neurology
#13
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364694/the-role-of-melatonin-neurokinin-neurotrophic-tyrosine-kinase-and-glucocorticoid-receptors-in-antidepressant-like-effect
#14
REVIEW
Karolina Pytka, Katarzyna Młyniec, Karolina Podkowa, Adrian Podkowa, Magdalena Jakubczyk, Elżbieta Żmudzka, Klaudia Lustyk, Jacek Sapa, Barbara Filipek
Over the last few decades, depression has become one of the major public health problems in our society. This problem is connected not only with morbidity, but also with treatment, specifically with the effectiveness of the therapy as well as the concomitant side effects of available antidepressants. Major depressive disorder is a complex clinical entity, including different molecular mechanisms and neurological processes. This complexity is a challenge for scientists seeking to discover an innovatory antidepressant drug with multiple and complementary mechanisms of action...
January 29, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364046/neonatal-hypoglycemia
#15
Alecia Thompson-Branch, Thomas Havranek
Lower blood glucose values are common in the healthy neonate immediately after birth as compared to older infants, children, and adults. These transiently lower glucose values improve and reach normal ranges within hours after birth. Such transitional hypoglycemia is common in the healthy newborn. A minority of neonates experience a more prolonged and severe hypoglycemia, usually associated with specific risk factors and possibly a congenital hypoglycemia syndrome. Despite the lack of a specific blood glucose value that defines hypoglycemia, concern for substantial neurologic morbidity in the neonatal population has led to the generation of guidelines by both the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the Pediatric Endocrine Society (PES)...
April 2017: Pediatrics in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363725/incidence-of-severe-critical-events-in-paediatric-anaesthesia-apricot-a-prospective-multicentre-observational-study-in-261-hospitals-in-europe
#16
Walid Habre, Nicola Disma, Katalin Virag, Karin Becke, Tom G Hansen, Martin Jöhr, Brigitte Leva, Neil S Morton, Petronella M Vermeulen, Marzena Zielinska, Krisztina Boda, Francis Veyckemans
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the incidence of severe critical events in children undergoing general anaesthesia in Europe. We aimed to identify the incidence, nature, and outcome of severe critical events in children undergoing anaesthesia, and the associated potential risk factors. METHODS: The APRICOT study was a prospective observational multicentre cohort study of children from birth to 15 years of age undergoing elective or urgent anaesthesia for diagnostic or surgical procedures...
March 28, 2017: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362964/commentary-an-introduction-to-leadership-self-assessment-at-the-society-of-neurological-surgeons-post-graduate-year-1-boot-camp-observations-and-commentary
#17
Matthew A Hunt, Carl B Heilman, Max Shutran, Julian K Wu
Recent trends in graduate medical education have emphasized the mastery of nontechnical skills, especially leadership, for neurosurgical trainees. Accordingly, we introduced leadership development and self-awareness training to interns attending the Society of Neurological Surgeons Post-Graduate Year 1 Boot Camp in the Northeast (New England/New York/New Jersey) region in 2015. Feedback about the session was collected from interns. While neurosurgical interns conveyed a desire to receive more information on improving their leadership skills, most indicated that guidance seemed to be lacking in this critical area...
March 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362921/readmission-after-craniotomy-for-tumor-a-national-surgical-quality-improvement-program-analysis
#18
Hormuzdiyar H Dasenbrock, Sandra C Yan, Timothy R Smith, Pablo A Valdes, William B Gormley, Elizabeth B Claus, Ian F Dunn
BACKGROUND: Although readmission has become a common quality indicator, few national studies have examined this metric in patients undergoing cranial surgery. OBJECTIVE: To utilize the prospective National Surgical Quality Improvement Program 2011-2013 registry to evaluate the predictors of unplanned 30-d readmission and postdischarge mortality after cranial tumor resection. METHODS: Multivariable logistic regression was applied to screen predictors, which included patient age, sex, tumor location and histology, American Society of Anesthesiologists class, functional status, comorbidities, and complications from the index hospitalization...
April 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362890/a-history-of-the-council-of-state-neurosurgical-societies
#19
Hasan A Zaidi, Luis M Tumialán, Joshua M Rosenow, Chaim B Colen, Ann R Stroink, Mark Linskey, Clemens M Schirmer, Clarence Watridge
As neurological surgery evolved into its own subspecialty early in the 20th century, a need arose to create an environment for communication and education among those surgeons working in this burgeoning surgical discipline. As the socioeconomic climate in health care began to change in the United States, an unforeseen need arose that was outside the scope of the American Association of Neurological Surgeons, Congress of Neurological Surgeons, and Society of Neurological Surgeons. The capacity to understand and address the evolving socioeconomic landscape and to offer a platform for advocacy required a new entity...
January 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362188/spinal-column-shortening-for-tethered-cord-syndrome-associated-with-myelomeningocele-lumbosacral-lipoma-and-lipomyelomeningocele-in-children-and-young-adults
#20
Guillermo Aldave, Daniel Hansen, Steven W Hwang, Amee Moreno, Valentina Briceño, Andrew Jea
OBJECTIVE Tethered cord syndrome is the clinical manifestation of an abnormal stretch on the spinal cord, presumably causing mechanical injury, a compromised blood supply, and altered spinal cord metabolism. Tethered cord release is the standard treatment for tethered cord syndrome. However, direct untethering of the spinal cord carries potential risks, such as new neurological deficits from spinal cord injury, a CSF leak from opening the dura, and retethering of the spinal cord from normal scar formation after surgery...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
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