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Christopher Pignanelli, Dennis Ma, Megan Noel, Jesse Ropat, Fadi Mansour, Colin Curran, Simon Pupulin, Kristen Larocque, Jianzhang Wu, Guang Liang, Yi Wang, Siyaram Pandey
Recently, research has focused on targeting the oxidative and metabolic vulnerabilities in cancer cells. Natural compounds like curcumin that target such susceptibilities have failed further clinical advancements due to the poor stability and bioavailability as well as the need of high effective doses. We have synthesized and evaluated the anti-cancer activity of several monocarbonyl analogs of curcumin. Interestingly, two novel analogs (Compound A and I) in comparison to curcumin, have increased chemical stability and have greater anti-cancer activity in a variety of human cancer cells, including triple-negative, inflammatory breast cancer cells...
April 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
Youjun Zhang, Hao Ma, Yuelin Wu, Zhongli Wu, Zhengguang Yao, Wannian Zhang, Chunlin Zhuang, Zhenyuan Miao
Piperlongumine (PL) is a natural alkaloid with broad biological activities. Twelve analogues have been designed and synthesized with non-substituted benzyl rings or heterocycles in this work. Most of the compounds showed better anticancer activities than the parent PL without apparent toxicity in normal cells. Elevation of cellular ROS levels was one of the main anticancer mechanisms of these compounds. Cell apoptosis and cell cycle arrest for the best compound ZM90 were evaluated and similar mechanism of action with PL was demonstrated...
April 13, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Hyeon-Ok Jin, Jin-Ah Park, Hyun-Ah Kim, Yoon Hwan Chang, Young Jun Hong, In-Chul Park, Jin Kyung Lee
HER family receptors are frequently deregulated in breast cancer and the deregulation of these receptors is associated with poor prognosis. Thus, these receptors are considered therapeutic targets. In the present study, we found that piperlongumine (PL) downregulates the expression of HER family receptors HER1, HER2, and HER3 in breast cancer cells. Downregulation of these receptors by PL is mediated through the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), as N-acetyl-cysteine blocks it. Interestingly, the HER2-overexpressing cell lines BT474 and SkBr3 are somewhat more sensitive to PL than the low HER2-expressing cell line MCF7...
May 13, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Yi Zhu, Ewald J Doornebal, Tamar Pirtskhalava, Nino Giorgadze, Mark Wentworth, Heike Fuhrmann-Stroissnigg, Laura J Niedernhofer, Paul D Robbins, Tamara Tchkonia, James L Kirkland
Senescent cells accumulate with aging and at sites of pathology in multiple chronic diseases. Senolytics are drugs that selectively promote apoptosis of senescent cells by temporarily disabling the pro-survival pathways that enable senescent cells to resist the pro-apoptotic, pro-inflammatory factors that they themselves secrete. Reducing senescent cell burden by genetic approaches or by administering senolytics delays or alleviates multiple age- and disease-related adverse phenotypes in preclinical models...
March 8, 2017: Aging
Xiaojuan Xu, Xia Fang, Jun Wang, Hong Zhu
A series of novel ROS inducers were designed by merging the fragments of piperlongumine and dicoumarol. Most of these derivatives showed potent in vitro activity against three cancer cell lines and good selectivity towards normal lung cells. The most potent and selective compound 3e was proven to exhibit obvious ROS elevation and excellent in vivo antitumor activity with suppressed tumor growth by 48.46% at the dose of 5mg/kg. Supported by these investigation, these findings encourage further investigation around this interesting antitumor chemotype...
August 6, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Sun Mi Gu, Jaesuk Yun, Dong Ju Son, Hoi Yeong Kim, Kyung Tak Nam, Hae Deun Kim, Min Gi Choi, Jeong Soon Choi, Young Min Kim, Sang-Bae Han, Jin Tae Hong
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, autoimmune and neurodegenerative disease in which demyelination sporadically and repeatedly occurs in the central nervous system (CNS). The activity of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB), a family of transcription factors, was increased in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and/or the serum and brain and/or spinal cord of MS patients than in a healthy donors. In our study, we investigated whether piperlongumine (PL), which is known to have inhibitory effect on activity of NF-κB, can alleviate an experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE)...
December 21, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Nitin P Lad, Sarang Kulkarni, Rajiv Sharma, Malcolm Mascarenhas, Mahesh R Kulkarni, Shivaji S Pandit
A novel modification of piperlongumine is designed, bearing a cyclic sulphonamide (sultam) and its synthesis is described. For the first time herein we report the synthesis and biological evaluation of the natural product derived cyclic sulfonamides using Grubbs second generation catalyst (Grubbs II) via ring closing metathesis approach. Synthesis of a series of piperlongumine derived sultams is done in a moderate to good yield using Wittig reaction, Ring-Closing Metathesis (RCM) and, amide synthesis by using mixed anhydride, approach...
January 27, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Hai-Bo Wang, Xiao-Ling Jin, Jia-Fang Zheng, Fu Wang, Fang Dai, Bo Zhou
We report a case of successful design of glutathione S-transferase (GST) inhibitors via a natural product-inspired and electrophilicity-based strategy. Based on this strategy, a novel piperlongumine analog (PL-13) bearing a para-trifluoromethyl group and an α-chlorine on its aromatic and lactam rings, respectively, surfaced as a promising GST inhibitor, thereby overcoming cisplatin resistance in lung cancer A549 cells.
January 27, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Yingying Wang, Jianhui Chang, Xingui Liu, Xuan Zhang, Suping Zhang, Xin Zhang, Daohong Zhou, Guangrong Zheng
Accumulating evidence indicates that senescent cells play an important role in many age-associated diseases. The pharmacological depletion of senescent cells (SCs) with a "senolytic agent", a small molecule that selectively kills SCs, is a potential novel therapeutic approach for these diseases. Recently, we discovered ABT-263, a potent and highly selective senolytic agent, by screening a library of rationally-selected compounds. With this screening approach, we also identified a second senolytic agent called piperlongumine (PL)...
November 19, 2016: Aging
Wayne Harshbarger, Sudershan Gondi, Scott B Ficarro, John Hunter, Durga Udayakumar, Deepak Gurbani, William D Singer, Yan Liu, Lianbo Li, Jarrod A Marto, Kenneth D Westover
Glutathione S-transferase pi 1 (GSTP1) is frequently overexpressed in cancerous tumors and is a putative target of the plant compound piperlongumine (PL), which contains two reactive olefins and inhibits proliferation in cancer cells but not normal cells. PL exposure of cancer cells results in increased reactive oxygen species and decreased GSH. These data in tandem with other information led to the conclusion that PL inhibits GSTP1, which forms covalent bonds between GSH and various electrophilic compounds, through covalent adduct formation at the C7-C8 olefin of PL, whereas the C2-C3 olefin of PL was postulated to react with GSH...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Charles C Sharkey, Jiahe Li, Sweta Roy, Qianhui Wu, Michael R King
This study outlines a drug delivery mechanism that utilizes two independent vehicles, allowing for delivery of chemically and physically distinct agents. The mechanism was utilized to deliver a new anti-cancer combination therapy consisting of piperlongumine (PL) and TRAIL to treat PC3 prostate cancer and HCT116 colon cancer cells. PL, a small-molecule hydrophobic drug, was encapsulated in poly (lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles. TRAIL was chemically conjugated to the surface of liposomes. PL was first administered to sensitize cancer cells to the effects of TRAIL...
March 2016: Technology
Santiago Vilar, Elías Quezada, Eugenio Uriarte, Stefano Costanzi, Fernanda Borges, Dolores Viña, George Hripcsak
The development of computational methods to discover novel drug-target interactions on a large scale is of great interest. We propose a new method for virtual screening based on protein interaction profile similarity to discover new targets for molecules, including existing drugs. We calculated Target Interaction Profile Fingerprints (TIPFs) based on ChEMBL database to evaluate drug similarity and generated new putative compound-target candidates from the non-intersecting targets in each pair of compounds. A set of drugs was further studied in monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) and cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) enzyme through molecular docking and experimental assays...
November 15, 2016: Scientific Reports
Vaishali Yadav, Shyam Sunder Chatterjee, Muhammed Majeed, Vikas Kumar
AIM: To compare stress resistance increasing and analgesic activities of piperlongumine and a methanolic Piper longum fruit extract (PLE). METHODS: Efficacies of a single and repeated daily oral doses (1-256 mg/kg/day) of PLE, piperlongumine, and 50 mg/kg/day doxycycline against foot shock stress triggered alteration in body weights and core temperatures, and of their 11 daily doses on antidepressants like activity in tail suspension test and on pentobarbital induced sedation in male mice were compared...
October 2016: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Mary J Meegan, Seema Nathwani, Brendan Twamley, Daniela M Zisterer, Niamh M O'Boyle
Piperlongumine (piplartine, 1) is a small molecule alkaloid that is receiving intense interest due to its antiproliferative and anticancer activities. We investigated the effects of 1 on tubulin and microtubules. Using both an isolated tubulin assay, and a combination of sedimentation and western blotting, we demonstrated that 1 is a tubulin-destabilising agent. This result was confirmed by immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy, which showed that microtubules in MCF-7 breast cancer cells were depolymerized when treated with 1...
January 5, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Fernanda de Lima Moreira, Maísa D Habenschus, Thiago Barth, Lucas M M Marques, Alan Cesar Pilon, Vanderlan da Silva Bolzani, Ricardo Vessecchi, Norberto P Lopes, Anderson R M de Oliveira
Piperlongumine (PPL), a natural plant product, has been extensively studied in cancer treatment going up on clinical trials. Since the first report related to its use on cancer research (in 2011) around 80 papers have been published in less than 10 years, but a gap still remaining. There are no metabolism studies of PPL in human organism. For the lack of a better view, here, the CYP450 in vitro oxidation of PPL was described for the first time. In addition, the enzymatic kinetic data, the predicted in vivo parameters, the produced metabolites, the phenotyping study and possible piperlongumine-drug interactions in vivo is presented...
September 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
Yao Yao, Yueyue Sun, Min Shi, Dandan Xia, Kai Zhao, Lingyu Zeng, Ruosi Yao, Ying Zhang, Zhenyu Li, Mingshan Niu, Kailin Xu
Effective new therapies are urgently needed for the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM), an incurable hematological malignancy. In this study, we evaluated the effects of piperlongumine on MM cell proliferation both in vivo and in vitro. Piperlongumine inhibited the proliferation of MM cells by inducing cell apoptosis and blocking osteoclastogenesis. Notably, piperlongumine also reduced bortezomib resistance in MM cells. In a disseminated MM mouse model, piperlongumine prolonged the survival of tumor-bearing mice without causing any obvious toxicity...
November 8, 2016: Oncotarget
Yi Liao, Xiaojia Niu, Bailing Chen, Holly Edwards, Liping Xu, Chengzhi Xie, Hai Lin, Lisa Polin, Jeffrey W Taub, Yubin Ge, Zhihui Qin
Synergistic-to-additive antileukemic interactions of piperlongumine (PL) and HDAC inhibitor (HDACi) SAHA (Vorinostat) provide a compelling rationale to construct PL-HDACi hybrids, such as 1-58, which recapitulated the synergism between the parental compounds in high-risk and chemoresistant AML cells. Both PL and HDACi components, either in combination or in hybrid molecules, are essential for inducing significant DNA damage and apoptosis. Introducing C2-chloro substituent to 1-58 yielded 3-35 with increased cytotoxicity but decreased selectivity in noncancerous MCF-10A cells; eliminating C7-C8 olefin of PL obtained 3-31/3-98 scaffolds which were still more active than PL or SAHA in AML and were well-tolerated by MCF-10A cells...
September 8, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Genki Tanaka, Ken-Ichi Inoue, Takayuki Shimizu, Kazumi Akimoto, Keiichi Kubota
NRF2 stabilizes redox potential through genes for glutathione and thioredoxin antioxidant systems. Whether blockade of glutathione and thioredoxin is useful in eliminating cancer stem cells remain unknown. We used xenografts derived from colorectal carcinoma patients to investigate the pharmacological inhibition of glutathione and thioredoxin systems. Higher expression of five glutathione S-transferase isoforms (GSTA1, A2, M4, O2, and P1) was observed in xenograft-derived spheroids than in fibroblasts. Piperlongumine (2...
September 2016: Cancer Medicine
Merve Alpay, Begum Yurdakok-Dikmen, Gorkem Kismali, Tevhide Sel
AIM OF STUDY: This research indicated to evaluate the effects of piperlongumine (PL), a biologically active alkaloid, and alpha lipoic acid (ALA), a naturally occurring cofactor existed in multienzyme complexes regulating metabolism on leukemia cells. Excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) can lead to oxidative stress, a state that has been observed in several hematopoietic malignancies, including acute and chronic myeloid leukemias. The importance of the association between oxidative stress and malignancy is not currently clear; however, there is evidence that tumor...
April 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Li-Chen Han, Paul A Stanley, Paul J Wood, Pallavi Sharma, Anchala I Kuruppu, Tracey D Bradshaw, John E Moses
Natural products with anti-cancer activity play a vital role in lead and target discovery. We report here the synthesis and biological evaluation of the plant-derived alkaloid, piperlongumine and analogues. Using a Horner-Wadsworth-Emmons coupling approach, a selection of piperlongumine-like compounds were prepared in good overall yield from a novel phosphonoacetamide reagent. A number of the compounds displayed potent anti-cancer activity against colorectal (HCT 116) and ovarian (IGROV-1) carcinoma cell lines, via a mechanism of action which may involve ROS generation...
August 21, 2016: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
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