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Articular ultrasound

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521047/musculoskeletal-ultrasonography-for-psoriatic-arthritis-and-psoriasis-patients-a-systematic-literature-review
#1
Alen Zabotti, Francesca Bandinelli, Alberto Batticciotto, Carlo Alberto Scirè, Annamaria Iagnocco, Garifallia Sakellariou
Objective.: To systematically review the role of musculoskeletal US in patients suffering from PsA or psoriasis (Pso) in terms of prevalence, diagnosis, prognosis, monitoring and treatment. Methods.: A systematic literature review was conducted through medical databases (MEDLINE via PubMed, Embase) and the grey literature up to September 2015 to inform a new study of the Musculoskeletal Ultrasound Study Group of the Italian Society for Rheumatology. All articles reporting data on musculoskeletal US in PsA or Pso were included and extracted according to the underlying clinical question...
May 18, 2017: Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499496/relationships-between-quantitative-pulse-echo-ultrasound-parameters-from-the-superficial-zone-of-the-human-articular-cartilage-and-changes-in-surface-roughness-collagen-content-or-collagen-orientation-caused-by-early-degeneration
#2
Wataru Kiyan, Akira Ito, Yasuaki Nakagawa, Shogo Mukai, Koji Mori, Tatsuo Arai, Eiichiro Uchino, Yasushi Okuno, Hiroshi Kuroki
We aimed to quantitatively investigate the relationship between amplitude-based pulse-echo ultrasound parameters and early degeneration of the knee articular cartilage. Twenty samples from six human femoral condyles judged as grade 0 or 1 according to International Cartilage Repair Society grading were assessed using a 15-MHz pulsed-ultrasound 3-D scanning system ex vivo. Surface roughness (Rq), average collagen content (A1) and collagen orientation (A12) in the superficial zone of the cartilage were measured via laser microscopy and Fourier transform infrared imaging spectroscopy...
May 9, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481763/in-plane-ultrasound-guided-knee-injection-through-a-lateral-suprapatellar-approach-a-safe-technique
#3
Francisco A Chagas-Neto, Atul K Taneja, Everaldo Gregio-Junior, Marcello H Nogueira-Barbosa
PURPOSE: This study aims to describe a technique for in-plane ultrasound-guided knee arthrography through a lateral suprapatellar approach, reporting its accuracy and related complications. METHODS: A retrospective search was performed for computed tomography and magnetic resonance reports from June 2013 through June 2015. Imaging studies, puncture descriptions, and guided-procedure images were reviewed along with clinical and surgical history. A fellowship-trained musculoskeletal radiologist performed all procedures under sterile technique and ultrasound guidance with the probe in oblique position on the lateral suprapatellar recess after local anesthesia with the patient on dorsal decubitus, hip in neutral rotation, and 30 to 45 degrees of knee flexion...
May 4, 2017: Ultrasound Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470772/validation-of-the-ultrasonographic-assessment-of-the-femoral-trochlea-epiphyseal-cartilage-in-foals-at-osteochondrosis-predilected-sites-with-mri-and-histology
#4
G Martel, C Forget, G Gilbert, H Richard, T Moser, J Olive, S Laverty
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive imaging tools are needed to screen foal femoropatellar joints to detect subclinical osteochondrosis lesions due to focal failure of endochondral ossification to enhance early management to optimise intrinsic healing events. Recently investigations employing 3T susceptibility-weighted MRI (3T SWI MRI) and CT have demonstrated their capacity for early osteochondrosis diagnosis, but these technologies are not practical for field screening. We postulate that ultrasonography is a valuable field tool for the detection of subclinical osteochondrosis lesions...
May 4, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468607/does-local-infiltration-analgesia-reduce-peri-operative-inflammation-following-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-randomized-double-blind-study
#5
J Kuchálik, A Magnuson, E Tina, A Gupta
BACKGROUND: Postoperative inflammation following total hip arthroplasty (THA) can lead to delayed mobilization and return of hip function. Our primary aim was to assess whether local infiltration analgesia (LIA) during surgery can prevent postoperative inflammation. METHODS: This is a sub-analysis of data from a broader double-blind study where 56 patients received spinal anaesthesia for THA. Additionally, Group FNB (Femoral Nerve Block) received an ultrasound-guided femoral nerve block using 30 mL of ropivacaine 7...
May 3, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451606/ultrasound-and-functional-assessment-of-transtendinous-repairs-of-partial-thickness-articular-sided-rotator-cuff-tears
#6
Roger V Ostrander, Jeffrey M Klauser, Sanjay Menon, Joshua G Hackel
BACKGROUND: Partial-thickness articular-sided rotator cuff tears are a frequent source of shoulder pain. Despite conservative measures, some patients continue to be symptomatic and require surgical management. However, there is some controversy as to which surgical approach results in the best outcomes for grade 3 tears. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate repair integrity and the clinical results of patients treated with transtendinous repair of high-grade partial-thickness articular-sided rotator cuff tears...
March 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439423/rheumatoid-arthritis-what-do-mri-and-ultrasound-show
#7
EDITORIAL
Iwona Sudoł-Szopińska, Lennart Jans, James Teh
Rheumatoid arthritis is the most common inflammatory arthritis, affecting approximately 1% of the world's population. Its pathogenesis has not been completely understood. However, there is evidence that the disease may involve synovial joints, subchondral bone marrow as well as intra- and extraarticular fat tissue, and may lead to progressive joint destruction and disability. Over the last two decades, significant improvement in its prognosis has been achieved owing to new strategies for disease management, the emergence of new biologic therapies and better utilization of conventional disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs...
March 2017: Journal of Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438383/remitting-seronegative-symmetrical-synovitis-with-pitting-edema-rs3pe-syndrome-induced-by-nivolumab
#8
Marie-Léa Gauci, Barouyr Baroudjian, Pauline Laly, Isabelle Madelaine, Laetitia Da Meda, Laetitia Vercellino, Martine Bagot, Frédéric Lioté, Cécile Pages, Céleste Lebbé
INTRODUCTION: A new articular syndrome described as immunrelated side effect of immunotherapy: PD-1 inhibitors have revolutionized the treatment of advanced melanoma but are responsible for immune-related toxicity. We report a case of remitting seronegative symetrical synovitis with pitting edema (RS3PE) syndrome induced by nivolumab. CASE REPORT: A 80 year-old man with stage IV BRAF-wild type and NRAS exon 2-mutated melanoma was treated first line by nivolumab 3mg/kg every 2 weeks...
March 8, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434187/ultrasound-guided-intra-articular-injection-of-the-radio-ulnar-radio-humeral-joints-and-ultrasound-guided-dry-needling-of-the-affected-limb-muscles-to-relieve-fixed-pronation-deformity-and-myofascial-issues-around-the-shoulder-in-a-case-of-complex-regional
#9
Renuka Pai, Lakshmi Vas
BACKGROUND: Complex Regional Pain Syndrome (CRPS) occurs due to different pathophysiological mechanisms. Presently there is no description of definitive treatment that can resolve the especially recalcitrant motor issues of disability in CRPS-1. CASE REPORT: We have herein described the successful management of motor disability with a multi-modal approach in a patient with CRPS-1 that occurred as a result of a fracture sustained in the lower end of the radius. Sensory/sudomotor/vasomotor symptoms were relieved completely by medications and stellate ganglion block, in two weeks...
April 23, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429341/hyalone%C3%A2-in-the-treatment-of-symptomatic-hip-oa-data-from-the-antiage-register-seven-years-of-observation
#10
A Migliore, U Massafra, B Frediani, E Bizzi, E Sinelnikov Yzchaki, G Gigliucci, M Cassol, S Tormenta
OBJECTIVE: Several studies on knee osteoarthritis suggest that the intra-articular administration of hyaluronic acid products may be a relevant option in the management of patients with persistent pain. The aim of this study is to report the data of efficacy of US-guided HyalOne®/Hyalubrix® 60 injections in a large population of patients with hip osteoarthritis, repeated at least 2 times per year for up to seven years. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This is a prospective, post-marketing, cohort study...
April 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397753/hip-arthropathy-in-haemophilia
#11
Christian Carulli, Anna Rosa Rizzo, Massimo Innocenti
Hip arthropathy in haemophilic patients is disabling for hip and other common target joints. Even if bleedings in the hip are not frequent, femoroacetabular alterations may affect the functional ability of patients at a very young age. A haematologic prophylaxis combined with an adequate lifestyle and regular and low-traumatic physical activity are the keys to preventing such arthropathy. In the early stages of arthropathy, anti-inflammatory drugs and physical therapy may be sufficient to limit its progression...
April 8, 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28365205/articular-ultrasound-in-asymptomatic-volunteers-identification-of-the-worst-measures-of-synovial-hypertrophy-synovial-blood-flow-and-joint-damage-among-small-medium-%C3%A2-and-large-sized-joints
#12
Flávia Soares Machado, Jamil Natour, Rogerio Diniz Takahashi, Rita N V Furtado
Articular ultrasound of 6500 joint recesses was performed for the purpose of identifying which joint had the highest measurements among small-sized (SSJ), medium-sized (MSJ) and large-sized (LSJ) joints. Quantitative measurements of synovial hypertrophy (QSR) and semiquantitative measurements of synovial hypertrophy (SSH), power Doppler (SPD) and bone erosion (SBE) (score: 0-3) were made. Higher measurements (p < 0.01) of QSR were obtained in the second metatarsophalangeal joint (MTP), talonavicular joint, and hip...
June 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344444/distribution-of-platelet-rich-plasma-after-ultrasound-guided-injection-for-chronic-elbow-tendinopathies
#13
Gi-Young Park, Dong Rak Kwon, Hee Kyung Cho, Jinyoung Park, Jung Hyun Park
Characteristics of the spreads of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) are not widely known despite commonly use. This study aims to evaluate whether PRP stays within the injected area by using ultrasonography, to improve understanding of the spreads of intratendinous injected PRP. Thirty-nine patients (15 males, 24 females; mean age, 49.3 years), who had symptoms on their elbows (> 6 months) and diagnosed as lateral (25 elbows) or medial (14 elbows) tendinopathies of elbow, were included. The severity of tendon pathology was assessed by ultrasonography as tear or no tear...
March 2017: Journal of Sports Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343011/ultrasound-characterization-of-ankle-involvement-in-l%C3%A3-fgren-syndrome
#14
Claire Goussault, Jean-David Albert, Guillaume Coiffier, François Lamer, Raphaël Guillin, Benoit Le Goff, Béatrice Bouvard, Emmanuelle Dernis, Marine Ferreyra, Grégoire Cormier, Pascal Guggenbuhl, Aleth Perdriger
BACKGROUND: Bilateral ankle arthritis is a classic diagnostic criterion for Löfgren syndrome. The objective of this study was to use ultrasonography to characterize the articular and peri-articular involvement of the ankles in patients with Löfgren syndrome. METHODS: Single-center descriptive cohort study of patients with Löfgren syndrome who underwent ultrasonography of the ankles. We collected clinical data, imaging study findings, blood test results, and joint fluid properties in patients who underwent joint aspiration...
March 22, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314694/stress-ultrasound-in-baseball-players-with-ulnar-collateral-ligament-injuries-additional-value-for-predicting-rehabilitation-outcome
#15
Na Ra Kim, Sung Gyu Moon, Jin-Young Park, Jin Woo Choi, Kyung-Soo Oh
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the additional value of stress ultrasound (US) for predicting rehabilitation outcome in baseball players with ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) injury. METHODS: Stress US and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in 41 baseball players with UCL injury who received rehabilitation treatment for more than 6 weeks were retrospectively compared between the rehabilitation group (n = 23) and surgery group (n = 18)...
May 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298941/in-vivo-feasibility-of-real-time-mr-us-fusion-imaging-lumbar-facet-joint-injections
#16
Riccardo Sartoris, Davide Orlandi, Angelo Corazza, Luca Maria Sconfienza, Alice Arcidiacono, Silvia Perugin Bernardi, Simone Schiaffino, Giovanni Turtulici, Pietro Caruso, Enzo Silvestri
OBJECTIVES: Traditionally, facet joint injections (FJI) are performed under fluoroscopic or computed tomography (CT) guidance, mainly due to the deep anatomical location and the presence of bony landmarks. Fusion imaging technology, which couples the ultrasound scan with the corresponding CT or magnetic resonance (MR) image obtained from the diagnostic examination and reformatted in real time according to the ultrasound scanning plane, allows to combine the panoramic view and the elevated anatomical detail of MR or CT with the ease of use of ultrasound without patient exposure to ionizing radiation...
March 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295049/structure-symptom-relationship-with-wide-area-ultrasound-scanning-of-knee-osteoarthritis
#17
Jana Podlipská, Juhani M Koski, Päivi Kaukinen, Marianne Haapea, Osmo Tervonen, Jari P Arokoski, Simo Saarakkala
The aetiology of knee pain in osteoarthritis (OA) is heterogeneous and its relationship with structural changes and function is unclear. Our goal was to determine the prevalence of wide-area scanned ultrasound-defined knee OA structural features and their association with pain and functional impairment in 79 symptomatic and 63 asymptomatic subjects. All subjects underwent ultrasound knee wide-area scanning and the severity of articular cartilage degeneration, the presence and size of osteophytes, and meniscal extrusion were evaluated...
March 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292254/impact-of-joint-involvement-on-patients-reported-outcomes-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#18
Chiara Tani, Linda Carli, Andrea Delle Sedie, Lucrezia Riente, Sabrina Vagnani, Rosaria Talarico, Alessandra Della Rossa, Chiara Baldini, Stefano Bombardieri, Marta Mosca
OBJECTIVE: Joint involvement is common among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Aim of this work was to evaluate the correlation between the presence of joint involvement and patient-reported pain, perception of disease activity, general health and quality of life. METHODS: Fifty consecutive SLE patients were enrolled in the study. All patients underwent a complete clinical evaluation including a 44 joint count, in addition an ultrasound evaluation of joint involvement of hands and wrists was performed...
March 14, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290970/severe-systemic-lead-toxicity-resulting-from-extra-articular-retained-shrapnel-presenting-as-jaundice-and-hepatitis-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
Ian A Grasso, Matthew R Blattner, Tyler Short, John W Downs
INTRODUCTION: Despite greater than 60,000 nonfatal firearm injuries per year in the United States, retained shrapnel is a relatively rare cause of systemic lead toxicity with less than 100 cases reported in the medical literature since 1867. While intra-articular retained shrapnel as a cause of lead toxicity is well-described, extra-articular fragments are less well known to cause symptomatic disease. CASE REPORT: A 31-year-old man initially presented with abdominal pain, constipation, jaundice, and elevated liver transaminases approximately 3 weeks after suffering a left lower extremity injury during athletic activity...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280738/ultrasound-guided-obturator-nerve-block-a-focused-review-on-anatomy-and-updated-techniques
#20
REVIEW
Takayuki Yoshida, Tatsuo Nakamoto, Takahiko Kamibayashi
This review outlines the anatomy of the obturator nerve and the indications for obturator nerve block (ONB). Ultrasound-guided ONB techniques and unresolved issues regarding these procedures are also discussed. An ONB is performed to prevent thigh adductor jerk during transurethral resection of bladder tumor, provide analgesia for knee surgery, treat hip pain, and improve persistent hip adductor spasticity. Various ultrasound-guided ONB techniques can be used and can be classified according to whether the approach is distal or proximal...
2017: BioMed Research International
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