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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146534/systematic-review-for-the-2017-acc-aha-aapa-abc-acpm-ags-apha-ash-aspc-nma-pcna-guideline-for-the-prevention-detection-evaluation-and-management-of-high-blood-pressure-in-adults-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task
#1
David M Reboussin, Norrina B Allen, Michael E Griswold, Eliseo Guallar, Yuling Hong, Daniel T Lackland, Edgar Pete R Miller, Tamar Polonsky, Angela M Thompson-Paul, Suma Vupputuri
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature systematically and perform meta-analyses to address these questions: 1) Is there evidence that self-measured blood pressure (BP) without other augmentation is superior to office-based measurement of BP for achieving better BP control or for preventing adverse clinical outcomes that are related to elevated BP? 2) What is the optimal target for BP lowering during antihypertensive therapy in adults? 3) In adults with hypertension, how do various antihypertensive drug classes differ in their benefits and harms compared with each other as first-line therapy? METHODS: Electronic literature searches were performed by Doctor Evidence, a global medical evidence software and services company, across PubMed and EMBASE from 1966 to 2015 using key words and relevant subject headings for randomized controlled trials that met eligibility criteria defined for each question...
November 7, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133607/cardiovascular-outcomes-and-risks-after-initiation-of-a-sodium-glucose-co-transporter-2-inhibitor-results-from-the-easel-population-based-cohort-study
#2
Jacob A Udell, Zhong Yuan, Toni Rush, Nicholas M Sicignano, Michael Galitz, Norman Rosenthal
Background : Clinical trials have shown cardiovascular benefits and potential risks from sodium glucose co-transporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2i). Trials may have limited ability to address individual endpoints or safety concerns. Methods : We performed a population-based cohort study among type 2 diabetes patients with established cardiovascular disease newly initiated on antihyperglycemic agents (AHAs) within the US Department of Defense Military Health System between 4/1/2013 and 12/31/2016. Incidence rates, hazard ratios (HRs), and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for time to first composite endpoint of all-cause mortality (ACM) and hospitalization for heart failure (HHF) event, major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE; defined as ACM, nonfatal myocardial infarction, and nonfatal stroke), and individual endpoints were evaluated using conditional Cox models comparing new SGLT2i users with other AHAs...
November 13, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133355/systematic-review-for-the-2017-acc-aha-aapa-abc-acpm-ags-apha-ash-aspc-nma-pcna-guideline-for-the-prevention-detection-evaluation-and-management-of-high-blood-pressure-in-adults-a-report-of-the-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-task
#3
REVIEW
David M Reboussin, Norrina B Allen, Michael E Griswold, Eliseo Guallar, Yuling Hong, Daniel T Lackland, Edgar Pete R Miller, Tamar Polonsky, Angela M Thompson-Paul, Suma Vupputuri
OBJECTIVE: To review the literature systematically and perform meta-analyses to address these questions: 1) Is there evidence that self-measured blood pressure (BP) without other augmentation is superior to office-based measurement of BP for achieving better BP control or for preventing adverse clinical outcomes that are related to elevated BP? 2) What is the optimal target for BP lowering during antihypertensive therapy in adults? 3) In adults with hypertension, how do various antihypertensive drug classes differ in their benefits and harms compared with each other as first-line therapy? METHODS: Electronic literature searches were performed by Doctor Evidence, a global medical evidence software and services company, across PubMed and EMBASE from 1966 to 2015 using key words and relevant subject headings for randomized controlled trials that met eligibility criteria defined for each question...
November 13, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111008/management-of-blood-pressure-in-acute-stroke-comparison-of-current-prescribing-patterns-with-aha-asa-guidelines-in-a-sub-saharan-african-referral-hospital
#4
C Kuate-Tegueu, J J Dongmo-Tajeuna, J Doumbe, Y Mapoure-Njankouo, G Noubissi, V D P Djientcheu
BACKGROUND: High blood pressure (HBP) is common at acute phase of stroke. It may reflect untreated or uncontrolled hypertension before stroke, or it may relate to stress response. The present study was designed to compare current American Stroke Association (ASA) guidelines with actual prescribing patterns for management of HBP at the acute phase of stroke, in a tertiary care Hospital in Douala, Cameroon. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Cardiology and Neurology department of the Douala Laquintinie Hospital...
November 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092746/comparing-associations-of-different-metabolic-syndrome-definitions-with-ischemic-stroke-in-chinese-elderly-population
#5
Qian Liu, Yan-Xun Li, Zhi-Hao Hu, Xiao-Yan Jiang, Shu-Juan Li, Xiao-Feng Wang
OBJECTIVES: Studies have showed the associations between different definitions of metabolic syndrome (MetS) and risk of ischemic stroke were inconsistent. In this study, we compared associations of different MetS definitions with ischemic stroke in Chinese elderly population. METHODS: A total of 1713 individuals aged 70-84years from Rugao Longevity and Ageing Study were analyzed. The MetS was defined by four different criteria: Chinese Adult Dyslipidemia Prevention Guide, International Diabetes Federation (IDF), Updated ATPIII (Updated ATPIII) by American heart association/American heart, lung and blood institute (AHA/NHLBI), and Joint Interim Statement(JIS) recommended by IDF and the American heart association/American national institutes of health/American heart, lung and blood institute (AHA/NIH/NHLBI)...
October 29, 2017: European Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022132/an-exploratory-study-of-the-electronic-medical-record-and-outpatient-vascular-neurology-consultations
#6
Larissa Georgeon, Philip B Gorelick, Tenko Raykov, Muhammad U Farooq, Jiangyong Min, Christopher Goshgarian, Bradley Haveman-Gould, Amy Groenhout, Molly McCarthy
We carried out a quality improvement project utilizing the electronic medical record (EMR) to determine (1) the quality of vascular neurologists' recommendations for recurrent stroke prevention and (2) primary care provider (PCP) acknowledgement of the vascular neurologists' recurrent stroke prevention recommendations and their frequency of meeting the recommended metrics for risk factor control and lifestyle modification. We conducted a retrospective EMR chart review on a convenience sample of ischemic stroke patients during two epochs...
October 11, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963367/trevo-stent-retriever-mechanical-thrombectomy-for-acute-ischemic-stroke-secondary-to-large-vessel-occlusion-registry
#7
Osama O Zaidat, Alicia C Castonguay, Raul G Nogueira, Diogo C Haussen, Joey D English, Sudhakar R Satti, Jennifer Chen, Hamed Farid, Candace Borders, Erol Veznedaroglu, Mandy J Binning, Ajit Puri, Nirav A Vora, Ron F Budzik, Guilherme Dabus, Italo Linfante, Vallabh Janardhan, Amer Alshekhlee, Michael G Abraham, Randall Edgell, Muhammad Asif Taqi, Ramy El Khoury, Maxim Mokin, Aniel Q Majjhoo, Mouhammed R Kabbani, Michael T Froehler, Ira Finch, Sameer A Ansari, Roberta Novakovic, Thanh N Nguyen
BACKGROUND: Recent randomized clinical trials (RCTs) demonstrated the efficacy of mechanical thrombectomy using stent-retrievers in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) with large vessel occlusions; however, it remains unclear if these results translate to a real-world setting. The TREVO Stent-Retriever Acute Stroke (TRACK) multicenter Registry aimed to evaluate the use of the Trevo device in everyday clinical practice. METHODS: Twenty-three centers enrolled consecutive AIS patients treated from March 2013 through August 2015 with the Trevo device...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898191/imaging-scales-and-techniques-used-in-the-2015-endovascular-stroke-trials-and-aha-asa-revised-guidelines-for-acute-intervention-neurologic-head-and-neck-imaging
#8
Meir H Scheinfeld, Daniel A Krieger, Deepa Bhupali, Richard L Zampolin, Amichai J Erdfarb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883125/defining-optimal-brain-health-in-adults-a-presidential-advisory-from-the-american-heart-association-american-stroke-association
#9
REVIEW
Philip B Gorelick, Karen L Furie, Costantino Iadecola, Eric E Smith, Salina P Waddy, Donald M Lloyd-Jones, Hee-Joon Bae, Mary Ann Bauman, Martin Dichgans, Pamela W Duncan, Meighan Girgus, Virginia J Howard, Ronald M Lazar, Sudha Seshadri, Fernando D Testai, Stephen van Gaal, Kristine Yaffe, Hank Wasiak, Charlotte Zerna
Cognitive function is an important component of aging and predicts quality of life, functional independence, and risk of institutionalization. Advances in our understanding of the role of cardiovascular risks have shown them to be closely associated with cognitive impairment and dementia. Because many cardiovascular risks are modifiable, it may be possible to maintain brain health and to prevent dementia in later life. The purpose of this American Heart Association (AHA)/American Stroke Association presidential advisory is to provide an initial definition of optimal brain health in adults and guidance on how to maintain brain health...
October 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879791/incorporation-of-pcsk9-inhibitors-into-prevention-of-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease
#10
Cezary Wójcik
Primary and secondary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) has become recently more complex than ever, leaving the clinicians perplexed with outdated guidelines and emerging evidence about new LDL-C lowering therapies. 2013 American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines have focused on high intensity statin therapy for specific groups of patients, while abandoning long established LDL-C goals, a strategy which no longer seems valid. PCSK9 (proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9) inhibitors have emerged as the add-on therapy on top of statins and/or ezetimibe for the treatment of hypercholesterolemia and ASCVD prevention...
September 14, 2017: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877718/aortic-atheroma-as-a-source-of-stroke-assessment-of-embolization-risk-using-3d-cmr-in-stroke-patients-and-controls
#11
Thomas Wehrum, Iulius Dragonu, Christoph Strecker, Florian Schuchardt, Anja Hennemuth, Johann Drexl, Thomas Reinhard, Daniel Böhringer, Werner Vach, Jürgen Hennig, Andreas Harloff
BACKGROUND: It was our purpose to identify vulnerable plaques in the thoracic aorta using 3D multi-contrast CMR and estimate the risk of cerebral embolization using 4D flow CMR in cryptogenic stroke patients and controls. METHODS: One hundred patients (40 with cryptogenic stroke, 60 ophthalmologic controls matched for age, sex and presence of hypertension) underwent a novel 3D multi-contrast (T1w, T2w, PDw) CMR protocol at 3 Tesla for plaque detection and characterization within the thoracic aorta, which was combined with 4D flow CMR for mapping potential embolization pathways...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798779/one-swallow-does-not-a-summer-make-but-many-swallows-do-accumulating-clinical-evidence-for-nearly-eliminated-peri-procedural-and-30-day-complications-with-mesh-covered-stents-transforms-the-carotid-revascularisation-field
#12
REVIEW
Piotr Musiałek, L Nelson Hopkins, Adnan H Siddiqui
Atherosclerotic carotid artery stenosis (CS) continues to be a common cause of acute ischaemic stroke. Optimised medical therapy (OMT), the first-line treatment modality in CS, may reduce or delay - but it does not abolish - CS-related strokes. As per current AHA/ASA and ESC/ESVS/ESO guidelines, carotid artery stenting (CAS) is a less-invasive alternative to carotid endarterectomy (CEA) for CS revascularisation in primary and secondary stroke prevention. Ten-year follow-up from the CREST trial in patients with symptomatic and asymptomatic CS confirmed equipoise of CAS and CEA in the primary endpoint...
2017: Postępy W Kardiologii Interwencyjnej, Advances in Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794273/trajectories-in-leisure-time-physical-activity-and-risk-of-stroke-in-women-in-the-california-teachers-study
#13
Joshua Z Willey, Jenna Voutsinas, Ayesha Sherzai, Huiyan Ma, Leslie Bernstein, Mitchell S V Elkind, Ying K Cheung, Sophia S Wang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Whether changes in leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) over time are associated with lower risk of stroke is not well established. We examined the association between changes in self-reported LTPA 10 years apart, with risk of incident stroke in the CTS (California Teachers Study). We hypothesized that the risk of stroke would be lowest among those who remained active. METHODS: Sixty-one thousand two hundred and fifty-six CTS participants reported LTPA at 2 intensity levels (moderate and strenuous activity) at 2 time points (baseline 1995-96; 10-year follow-up 2005-2006)...
September 2017: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767503/neuroendovascular-surgery-for-the-treatment-of-ischemic-stroke
#14
Arthur Wang, Meic H Schmidt
This review discusses modern therapeutic interventions for acute ischemic stroke with a focus on endovascular therapy. In 2015, the American Heart Association made major changes to the guidelines for the endovascular treatment of acute ischemic stroke. The Class IA indications for endovascular therapy of stroke patients include symptom onset within 6 h, proven large vessel occlusion of an artery in the anterior circulation, and the use of a stent retriever as part of the mechanical thrombectomy. Advanced perfusion imaging helps identify patients with a low ratio of ischemic core to salvageable penumbra...
November 2017: Cardiology in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754397/contemporary-atrial-fibrillation-management-a-comparison-of-the-current-aha-acc-hrs-ccs-and-esc-guidelines
#15
REVIEW
Jason G Andrade, Laurent Macle, Stanley Nattel, Atul Verma, John Cairns
In this article we compare and contrast the current recommendations, and highlight the important differences, in the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association/Heart Rhythm Society, European Society of Cardiology, and Canadian Cardiovascular Society atrial fibrillation (AF) guidelines. Although many of the recommendations of the various societies are similar, there are important differences in the methodologies underlying their development and the specific content. Specifically, key differences can be observed in: (1) the definition of nonvalvular AF, which subsequently affects anticoagulation choices and candidacy for non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants; (2) the symptom score used to guide management decisions and longitudinal patient profiling; (3) the stroke risk stratification algorithm used to determine indications for oral anticoagulant therapy; (4) the role of acetylsalicylic acid in stroke prevention in AF; (5) the antithrombotic regimens used in the context of coronary artery disease, acute coronary syndromes, and percutaneous coronary intervention; (6) the rate control target and medications recommended to achieve the target; and (7) the role of "first-line" catheter ablation, open surgical ablation, and left atrial appendage exclusion...
August 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752508/safety-and-effectiveness-of-intravenous-thrombolysis-for-acute-ischemic-stroke-outside-the-coverage-of-national-health-insurance-in-taiwan
#16
Yu-Hsiang Su, Chih-Hung Chen, Huey-Juan Lin, Yu-Wei Chen, Mei-Chiun Tseng, Han-Chieh Hsieh, Chih-Hung Chen, Sheng-Feng Sung
PURPOSE: Only a small percentage of ischemic stroke patients were treated with intravenous thrombolysis in Taiwan, partly because of the narrow reimbursement criteria of the National Health Insurance (NHI). We aimed to assess the safety and effectiveness of intravenous thrombolysis not covered by the NHI. METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of register data from four hospitals. All patients who received intravenous tissue plasminogen activator and fulfilled the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA) thrombolysis guidelines between January 2007 and June 2012 were distinguished into two groups: those in accordance (reimbursement group) and those not in accordance (non-reimbursement group) with the NHI reimbursement criteria...
March 15, 2017: Acta Neurologica Taiwanica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696250/american-heart-association-s-call-to-action-for-payment-and-delivery-system-reform
#17
REVIEW
Vincent J Bufalino, Scott A Berkowitz, Timothy J Gardner, Ileana L Piña, Madeleine Konig
The healthcare system is undergoing a transition from paying for volume to paying for value. Clinicians, as well as public and private payers, are beginning to implement alternative delivery and payment models, such as the patient-centered medical home, accountable care organizations, and bundled payment arrangements. Implementation of these new models will necessitate delivery system transformation and will actively involve all fields of medical care, in particular medicine and surgery. This call to action, on behalf of the American Heart Association's Expert Panel on Payment and Delivery System Reform, serves to offer support and direction for further involvement by the American Heart Association...
August 15, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687710/evaluating-the-impact-and-cost-effectiveness-of-statin-use-guidelines-for-primary-prevention-of-coronary-heart-disease-and-stroke
#18
David J Heller, Pamela G Coxson, Joanne Penko, Mark J Pletcher, Lee Goldman, Michelle C Odden, Dhruv S Kazi, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo
BACKGROUND: Statins are effective in the primary prevention of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. The 2013 American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) guideline expands recommended statin use, but its cost-effectiveness has not been compared with other guidelines. METHODS: We used the Cardiovascular Disease Policy Model to estimate the cost-effectiveness of the ACC/AHA guideline relative to current use, Adult Treatment Panel III guidelines, and universal statin use in all men 45 to 74 years of age and women 55 to 74 years of age over a 10-year horizon from 2016 to 2025...
September 19, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637777/the-american-heart-association-ideal-cardiovascular-health-and-incident-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-among-blacks-the-jackson-heart-study
#19
Valery S Effoe, Mercedes R Carnethon, Justin B Echouffo-Tcheugui, Haiying Chen, Joshua J Joseph, Arnita F Norwood, Alain G Bertoni
BACKGROUND: The concept of ideal cardiovascular health (CVH), defined by the American Heart Association primarily for coronary heart disease and stroke prevention, may apply to diabetes mellitus prevention among blacks. METHODS AND RESULTS: Our sample included 2668 adults in the Jackson Heart Study with complete baseline data on 6 of 7 American Heart Association CVH metrics (body mass index, healthy diet, smoking, total cholesterol, blood pressure, and physical activity)...
June 21, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629561/multi-contrast-and-three-dimensional-assessment-of-the-aortic-wall-using-3t-mri
#20
Thomas Wehrum, Iulius Dragonu, Christoph Strecker, Jürgen Hennig, Andreas Harloff
OBJECTIVES: To develop a 3D-multi-contrast MRI protocol allowing for high resolution imaging of the wall and of atheroma in the thoracic aorta. METHODS: Eleven healthy volunteers and eleven acute stroke patients with aortic plaques detected by TEE underwent MRI at 3T. The MRI-protocol consisted of a T1w-bright-blood, a T2w- and a PDw-black-blood sequence (spatial resolution=1.15mm(3)). Image quality was assessed by two blinded investigators using a 3-point score and intra- and inter-rater agreement was tested...
June 2017: European Journal of Radiology
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