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Marianges Zadrozny Gouvêa da Costa, Júlia Glória Lucatelli Pires, Paulo Dominguez Nasser, Camila da Silva Ferreira, Ana Cristina de Sá Teixeira, Denise Cerqueira Paranaguá-Vezozzo, Dulce Reis Guarita, Flair José Carrilho, Suzane Kioko Ono
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the association between chronic pancreatitis and smoking or genetic mutations. METHODS: The study sample comprised 148 patients with chronic pancreatitis, 110 chronic alcoholic subjects without pancreatic disease, and 297 volunteer blood donors. RESULTS: Of the patients with chronic pancreatitis, 74% had alcoholic etiology and 26% had idiopathic pancreatitis. The frequency of smoking was 91.4% in patients with alcoholic pancreatitis, higher than 73...
October 2016: Pancreas
S Amar, M Van Boven, H Rooijakkers, M Momeni
We describe the case of a woman with a history of active tabagism and on the oral contraceptive Yasmin, presenting in the Post-Anesthesia Care Unit (PACU) with a cardiac arrest due to massive pulmonary embolism following transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion surgery. The patient had preoperatively several risk factors for deep venous thrombosis. This case-report emphasizes the value of a preoperative anesthetic visit and eventual temporary cessation of certain oral contraceptives in specific cases.
2014: Acta Anaesthesiologica Belgica
Mariléia Chaves Andrade, Shirlene Barbosa Pimentel Ferreira, Luciana C Gonçalves, Alfredo Maurício Batista De-Paula, Elaine Speziali de Faria, Andréa Teixeira-Carvalho, Olindo Assis Martins-Filho
The study population comprised HNSCC patients, risk-positive controls (tabagism and alcoholism habits), and risk-negative controls (without risk factors). Significant increases in the activation status of CD4(+)and CD8(+) T-cells, and higher migration potentials of lymphocytes were observed in HNSCC patients compared with control groups. Although decreased frequency of CD19(+)-B lymphocytes was observed in HSNCC patients, a higher percentage of HLA-DR(+)CD19(+)-B lymphocytes was detected in these individuals as compared with other evaluated groups...
December 2013: Human Immunology
Jean Deleuze
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2012: La Revue du Praticien
Precil Diego Miranda de Menezes Neves, Arthur Alberto de Oliveira E Oliveira, Marcela Cristina de Oliveira E Oliveira, Juliana Reis Machado, Marlene Antônia Dos Reis, Helena Moisés Mendonça, Luiz Antônio Pertili Rodrigues de Resende, Vilmar de Paiva Marques
INTRODUCTION: The detection of the renal artery stenosis in hypertensive patients can be a signal of systemic arterial atherosclerosis. AIMS: To identify and characterize clinical-epidemiologically the hypertensive patients with renal artery stenosis, evaluating factors of cardiovascular risk and presence of symptomatic multiarterial atherosclerotic. METHOD: Were selected the hypertensive patients who were assisted at the Nephrological Clinic of Universidade Federal do Triângulo Mineiro (UFTM) between 2000-2010, with diagnosis of renal artery stenosis of atherosclerotic etiology...
July 2012: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
Camila Gimenes, Irma de Godoy, Carlos Roberto Padovani, Rodrigo Gimenes, Marina Politi Okoshi, Katashi Okoshi
BACKGROUND: To evaluate clinical and laboratorial parameters that predict decreased respiratory function in patients subjected to coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). MATERIAL/METHODS: This was a prospective study evaluating 61 patients subjected to CABG with cardiopulmonary bypass, median sternotomy, and under mechanical ventilation for up to 24 h. One day before surgery, clinical information was recorded. Maximal inspiratory (MIP) and expiratory (MEP) pressures, and expiratory peak flow rate (EPFR) values were assessed 1 day before surgery and on the fifth postoperative day...
September 2012: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Lúcia Taborda, Laurinda Pereira, Eurides Amona, Erique Guedes Pinto, Joaquim Rodrigues
Most abdominal aortic aneurysms are asymptomatic, being accidentally found on physical examination or in routinely performed imaging studies. They only require surveillance (which is variable according to the aneurism size) and medical therapy in order to achieve risk factor reduction. However, in certain situations, according to the risk of aneurism rupture, elective surgery or endovascular procedure may be necessary. About 80% of the cases of aneurism rupture occur into the retroperitoneal space, with a high mortality rate...
September 2011: Acta Médica Portuguesa
Juliano de Avelar Breunig, Hiram Larangeira de Almeida, Rodrigo Pereira Duquia, Paulo Ricardo Martins Souza, Henrique Luiz Staub
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of seborrheic dermatitis (SD) in the general population is variable in the literature. Factors associated with SD are not well understood. OBJECTIVE: To verify the prevalence of scalp SD in a selected survey of male adolescents on mandatory military service and to find possible associated factors (skin color, socioeconomic level, triceps skin fold, acne, and tobacco consumption). METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 18-year-old male adolescents on compulsory military service in a southern Brazilian city...
January 2012: International Journal of Dermatology
Ana Claudia Santos de Azevedo Izidoro, Andressa Marafon Semprebom, Fernanda Brasil Baboni, Rosimeire Takaki Rosa, Maria Angela Naval Machado, Lakshman Perera Samaranayake, Edvaldo Antonio Ribeiro Rosa
It is widely accepted that tabagism is a predisposing factor to oral candidosis and cumulate data suggest that cigarette compounds may increase candidal virulence. To verify if enhanced virulence occurs in Candida albicans from chronic smokers, a cohort of 42 non-smokers and other of 58 smokers (all with excellent oral conditions and without signs of candidosis) were swabbed on tong dorsum and jugal mucosa. Results showed that oral candidal loads do not differ between smoker and non-smokers. Activities of secreted aspartyl-protease (Sap), phospholipase, chondroitinase, esterase-lipase, and haemolysin secretions were screened for thirty-two C...
February 2012: Archives of Oral Biology
M Costa, S Rosas, A Chindano, P Lima, K Madi, M Carvalho
Bronchial biopsies of 21 patients with lung cancer were analyzed by Western blot for stress protein HSP70 and p53 proteins. Squamous carcinoma was the most common type found. The p53 protein was detectable in 14 cases. The HSP70 was detectable in 17 and overexpressed in 9 patients. Eleven patients showed positivity for both protein expressions, however no statistical significance was found (Kappa's test, p>0.05). Specific associations were not observed for HSP70 overexpression and p53 detection that could be related to clinical finds or tabagism...
September 1997: Oncology Reports
Marco Antônio Arruda, Vincenzo Guidetti, Federica Galli, Regina Célia Ajeje Pires de Albuquerque, Marcelo Eduardo Bigal
The influence of prenatal events on the development of headaches at childhood has not been investigated and is the scope of our study. Of 2,173 children identified as the target sample, consents and analyzable data were provided by 1,440 (77%). Parents responded to a standardized questionnaire with a validated headache module and specific questions about prenatal exposures. Odds of chronic daily headache (CDH) were significantly higher when maternal tabagism was reported. When active and passive smoking were reported, odds ratio (OR) of CDH were 2...
February 2011: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
Isabela Goeldner, Thelma L Skare, Iara T de Messias Reason, Renato M Nisihara, Marília B Silva, Shirley R da Rosa Utiyama
Gender and environmental factors are known to influence the clinical heterogeneity and outcome of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Some variables have been suggested to be associated with the severity of the disease, which can be of great value in the correct management of RA patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate the associations among anticyclic citrullinated antibody (anti-CCP2) positivity, extra-articular manifestations (EAM), gender, and tobacco exposure in a Brazilian RA population. We performed a transversal study comprising 156 RA patients which were investigated for EAM, functional class, presence of anti-CCP2, and IgM rheumatoid factor (IgM-RF)...
July 2011: Clinical Rheumatology
Artur Laizo, Francisco Eduardo da Fonseca Delgado, Glauco Mendonça Rocha
OBJECTIVE: To show the complications that increase the permanence at intensive care unit (ICU) of the patients submitted to cardiac surgery. METHODS: Eighty-five handbooks of patients submitted to cardiac surgery had been analyzed, retrospectively, from March to May 2009 at Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Juiz de Fora (MG)--Brazil--and 14 (16.47%) patients had been studied. They remained more than 5 days at ICU. In 85 patients occurred three deaths: two patients operated in urgency character and this increases the morbidity; one patient who remained in mechanical ventilation (MV) by 21 days...
April 2010: Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
Frederico C Moura, Mario L Monteiro
Three patients with progressive visual loss, chronic alcoholism and tabagism were submitted to a complete neuro-ophthalmic examination and to retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) measurements using optical coherence tomography (OCT) scanning. Two patients showed marked RNFL loss in the temporal sector of the optic disc. However, a third patient presented RNFL measurements within or above normal limits, based on the Stratus-OCT normative database. Such findings may be due to possible RNFL edema similar to the one that may occur in the acute phase of toxic optic neuropathies...
March 2010: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Afifa Abdelkafi Koubaa, Moncef Chibani, Najet Bel Abed, Hayet Dahmen, Nabil Ouerfelli, Mohamed Taher Maabouj, Khadija Hasni, Moncef Askri, Lotfi Sellami
UNLABELLED: The aim of this study is to evaluate the rate of smoker adolescents in Zaghouan, to seek for the smoking reasons, the used arguments, recording to them, to stop, and show their knowledge about prevention. METHODS: A prospective study included 266 teenagers scolarised: 194 boys and 72 girls (aged from 12 to 16 years) from 3 colleges located in Zaghouan during 2006. A questionnaire was drawn up on these adolescents. It contains three parts: tabagic habits of smoking teenagers, the reasons of smoking and information about prevention...
September 2009: La Tunisie Médicale
Regina Helena Garcia Martins, Marcela Ferreira Santana, Elaine Lara Mendes Tavares
SUMMARY: Vocal cysts are benign laryngeal lesions, which affect children and adults. They can be classified as epidermic or mucous-retention cyst. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to study the clinical, endoscopic, and surgical aspects of vocal cysts. METHODS: We reviewed the medical charts of 72 patients with vocal cysts, considering age, gender, occupation, time of vocal symptoms, nasosinusal and gastroesophageal symptoms, vocal abuse, tabagism, alcoholism, associated lesions, treatment, and histological details...
January 2011: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Mauro Eduardo Jurno, Liliana Chevtchouk, Aida Aguilar Nunes, Dilermando Fazito de Rezende, Carla da Cunha Jevoux, Jano Alves de Souza, Pedro Ferreira Moreira Filho
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies support the association between migraine, especially migraine with aura, and vascular disorders. The ankle-brachial index (ABI) is largely used as a surrogate of peripheral obstructive arterial disorders (POAD). Accordingly, in this study we contrasted the ABI in individuals with migraine and in controls. METHODS: We investigated 50 migraineurs and 38 controls and obtained the ABI (ratio between the systolic arterial pressure obtained in the legs and in the arms) using digital sphygmomanometry...
April 2010: Headache
Rogério Dias Renovato, Maria Helena Salgado Bagnato, Lourdes Missio, Silvana Elisa Sauaia Lopes Murback, Lúcia Pedroso da Cruz, Greicelene Aparecida Hespanhol Bassinello
This article analyzes the images publicized on cigarettes packs that are part of the strategies from the Ministry of Health to combat the tabagism and available from the Cancer National Institute. These images bring the official speech of specialists and build narratives, understood such as truths, based on scientific knowledge. We have supported our thesis on theoretical referential of Cultural Studies, since its reflections help to understand that the subjectiveness is social and culturally built by different speeches and devices...
October 2009: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Hamouda Ibtissem Ben, Amel Mrabet
AIM/BACKGROUND: Development on progress in cerebral vascular pathology. METHOD: Research on PubMed concerning advances on Neurovascular diseases during the last twenty years. RESULTS: Stroke incidence and prevalence have shown an increase for a few years. High blood pressure (HBP) is well the main risk factor; the implication of tabagism, even passive, and of hormone substitutive therapy were also proven. Vascular and cellular mechanisms are implied in cerebral ischemia...
January 2009: La Tunisie Médicale
Luciana Moreira Lima, Maria das Graças Carvalho, Cirilo Pereira da Fonseca Neto, José Carlos Faria Garcia, Marinez Oliveira Sousa
This study investigated the correlation of sPLA2 (secretory phospholipase A2) activity with the atheromatosis extent in subjects with coronary artery disease (CAD) undergoing coronary angiography. We analyzed 123 patients, including 35 subjects with angiographically normal coronary arteries (controls), 31 with mild/moderate atheromatosis (stenosis of 30-70% of the luminal diameter in one or more coronary arteries) and 57 with severe atheromatosis (>70% stenosis). Plasma sPLA2 activity was significantly higher in subjects with severe [127...
April 2010: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
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