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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445798/episiotomy-what-angle-do-you-cut-to-the-midline
#1
Kenneth Ma, Louise Byrd
OBJECTIVE: Although episiotomies are the commonest obstetric procedure performed the technique of performing one varies amongst obstetricians and midwives. The angle of episiotomy to the midline in particular has been shown to influence the risk of developing obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS). In order to identify the differences in technique and to identify targets for training we undertook a practice survey of episiotomies to analyse the differences in technique between grades of obstetricians and midwives...
April 11, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445791/quality-and-relevance-of-master-degree-education-for-the-professional-development-of-nurses-and-midwives
#2
Azzurra Massimi, Carolina Marzuillo, Marco Di Muzio, Maria Rosaria Vacchio, Elvira D'Andrea, Paolo Villari, Corrado De Vito
BACKGROUND: Advanced education in nursing is essential to provide safe, high quality and efficient health services in line with population needs. However, there is an almost complete lack of studies on how nurses view the usefulness of post-graduate education for their current employment and for professional advancement. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate how nurse graduates view the quality, relevance and applicability of the knowledge and skills acquired during the Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) degree...
April 14, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440950/the-need-to-know-the-information-needs-of-parents-of-infants-with-an-intellectual-disability-a-qualitative-study
#3
Tracy Douglas, Bernice Redley, Goetz Ottmann
AIM: To explore the information needs of parents of infants with an intellectual disability in the first year of life. BACKGROUND: Parents whose infant has an intellectual disability need access to information if they are to facilitate optimal care for their child. A lack of timely, accurate information provision by health professionals, particularly nurses and midwives, can increase parental stress and hinder access to the supports they and their infant require...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440904/the-european-court-of-human-rights-on-planned-home-birth-resolution-of-a-paradoxical-ruling
#4
Frank A Chervenak, Amos Grünebaum, Birgit Arabin, Laurence B McCullough
On November 15, 2016, the European Court of Human Rights issued its judgment in the case of Krejzová v. the Czech Republic, which concerned the policy of the Czech State not to provide skilled attendance by midwives at planned home births. The issue was whether this policy violated Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights: "Everyone has the right to respect for his private and family life, his home and his correspondence."(1) The Czech health policy before the Court did not prohibit unattended planned home birth but it created technical requirements for attendance at planned home birth that had the effect of prohibiting attendance by midwives...
April 25, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434673/factors-influencing-midwives-use-of-an-evidenced-based-normal-birth-guideline
#5
Jocelyn Toohill, Mary Sidebotham, Jennifer Gamble, Jennifer Fenwick, Debra K Creedy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 20, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432967/friendliness-functionality-and-freedom-design-characteristics-that-support-midwifery-practice-in-the-hospital-setting
#6
Athena Hammond, Caroline S E Homer, Maralyn Foureur
OBJECTIVE: to identify and describe the design characteristics of hospital birth rooms that support midwives and their practice. DESIGN: this study used a qualitative exploratory descriptive methodology underpinned by the theoretical approach of critical realism. Data was collected through 21 in-depth, face-to-face photo-elicitation interviews and a thematic analysis guided by study objectives and the aims of exploratory research was undertaken. SETTING: the study was set at a recently renovated tertiary hospital in a large Australian city...
April 4, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426160/assessment-and-support-during-early-labour-for-improving-birth-outcomes
#7
REVIEW
Shinobu Kobayashi, Nobutsugu Hanada, Masayo Matsuzaki, Kenji Takehara, Erika Ota, Hatoko Sasaki, Chie Nagata, Rintaro Mori
BACKGROUND: The progress of labour in the early or latent phase is usually slow and may include painful uterine contractions. Women may feel distressed and lose their confidence during this phase. Support and assessment interventions have been assessed in two previous Cochrane Reviews. This review updates and replaces these two reviews, which have become out of date. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effectiveness of assessment and support interventions for women during early labour...
April 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421939/the-nmc-wants-to-communicate-in-a-way-that-works-for-you
#8
Dame Janet Finch
Two years ago the Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) made a commitment, as part of our five-year strategy, to be a leading, dynamic regulator. This means protecting the public by being forward-looking and adapting our approach to regulation to reflect the circumstances in which nurses and midwives work.
April 19, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421145/a-framework-for-describing-the-influence-of-service-organisation-and-delivery-on-participation-in-fetal-anomaly-screening-in-england
#9
Hyacinth O Ukuhor, Janet Hirst, S José Closs, William J Montelpare
Objective. The aim of this research was to explore the influence of service organisation and delivery on providers and users' interactions and decision-making in the context of Down's syndrome screening. Methods. A qualitative descriptive study involving online interviews conducted with a purposive sample of 34 community midwives, 35 pregnant women, and 15 partners from two maternity services in different health districts in England. Data were analysed using a combination of grounded theory principles and content analysis and a framework was developed...
2017: Journal of Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420328/talking-about-intimate-partner-violence-in-multi-cultural-antenatal-care-a-qualitative-study-of-pregnant-women-s-advice-for-better-communication-in-south-east-norway
#10
Lisa Maria Garnweidner-Holme, Mirjam Lukasse, Miriam Solheim, Lena Henriksen
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) against women constitutes a major public health problem. Antenatal care is considered a window of opportunity to disclose and to communicate about IPV. However, little is known about how women from different ethnic backgrounds wish to communicate about their experiences with IPV during pregnancy in antenatal care. The aim of the present study was to explore how women from different ethnic backgrounds experienced IPV and what their recommendations were about how midwives should communicate about IPV in antenatal care...
April 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419709/job-satisfaction-and-subjective-well-being-among-midwives-analysis-of-a-multinational-cross-sectional-survey
#11
Darja Jarosova, Elena Gurkova, Katarina Ziakova, Daniela Nedvedova, Alvisa Palese, Gloria Godeas, Sally Wai-Chi Chan, Mi Sook Song, Jongwon Lee, Raul Cordeiro, Beata Babiarczyk, Malgorzata Fras
INTRODUCTION: There is a considerable amount of empirical evidence to indicate a positive association between an employee's subjective well-being and workplace performance and job satisfaction. Compared with nursing research, there is a relative lack of consistent scientific evidence concerning midwives' subjective well-being and its determinants related to domains of job satisfaction. The purpose of the study was to examine the association between the domains of job satisfaction and components of subjective well-being in hospital midwives...
March 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417256/to-which-extent-social-withdrawal-at-the-age-of-1%C3%A2-year-is-associated-with-iq-at-5-6%C3%A2-years-old-results-of-the-eden-mother-child-cohort
#12
Antoine Guedeney, Sarah Doukhan, Anne Forhan, Barbara Heude, Hugo Peyre
The present study aims to determine to which extent social withdrawal at 1 year is associated with the child's IQ at the end of the preschool period. Children (N = 1045) from the EDEN mother-child cohort were assessed for social withdrawal behaviours at 1 year by trained midwives using the Alarm Distress BaBy (ADBB) scale. Midwives also examined infants' language and motor development at 1 year. At the age 5-6 years, IQ scores were based on the WPPSI-III. Linear regression models were used to determine the association between IQ and ADBB, adjusted for a broad range of pre- and postnatal environmental factors and for language and motor skills scores at 1 year...
April 17, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417031/knowledge-practice-and-self-efficacy-in-evidence-based-practice-among-midwives-in-east-iran
#13
Elham Azmoude, Fereshteh Farkhondeh, Maryam Ahour, Maryam Kabirian
OBJECTIVES: The successful implementation of evidence-based practice (EBP) can lead to appropriate and effective midwifery care during pregnancy, childbirth and in the postnatal period. However, levels of knowledge and confidence in one's ability to apply EBP are related to its effective implementation. This study aimed to investigate levels of knowledge, practice of and self-efficacy towards the use of EBP among midwives in East Iran. METHODS: This cross-sectional study took place between January and February 2016 and involved 98 midwives employed at two hospitals and all four urban health care centres in Torbat-e Heydariyeh, Iran...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414983/a-randomised-controlled-trial-in-comparing-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-between-hands-and-knees-delivery-position-and-supine-position-in-china
#14
Hongyu Zhang, Shurong Huang, Xiaolan Guo, Ningning Zhao, Yujing Lu, Min Chen, Yingxia Li, Junqin Wu, Lihua Huang, Fenglan Ma, Yuhong Yang, Xiaoli Zhang, Xiaoyu Zhou, Renfei Guo, Wenzhi Cai
BACKGROUND: the supine position is the most frequently offered for birth delivery in China and many other countries, but the hands-and-knees position is now gaining prominence with doctors in China. This study aims to examine the differences in maternal and neonatal outcomes among low-risk women who gave birth either in the hands-and-knees position or the supine position. METHODS: a randomised controlled trial was conducted in 11 hospitals in China from May to December in 2012...
March 31, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412314/improving-students-ability-to-perform-a-standardized-foetal-biometry-plane-using-ultrasound-simulators-immediate-effect-of-simulation-training-on-obstetrical-ultrasound-skills
#15
M Le Lous, V Tsatsaris, A Tesnière, G Grangé
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess progress made in the ultrasound (US) measurement of femur length (FL) by students after one hour of training on US obstetric simulators. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical residents and midwives registered for the 2016 French national foetal US diploma were invited to a one-hour US training course with simulators. The time to acquire the FL plane with changing foetal presentation was prospectively measured before and after the training...
April 12, 2017: J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28411030/a-critical-and-interpretive-literature-review-of-birthing-women-s-non-elicited-pain-language
#16
Stephanie Power, Fiona E Bogossian, Roland Sussex, Jenny Strong
BACKGROUND: Standardised pain assessment i.e. the McGill Pain Questionnaire provide an elicited pain language. Midwives observe spontaneous non-elicited pain language to guide their assessment of how a woman is coping with labour. This paper examined the labour pain experience using the questions: What type of pain language do women use? Do any of the words match the descriptors of standardised pain assessments? What type of information doverbal and non-verbal cues provide to the midwife? METHODS: A literature search was conducted in 2013...
April 12, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407765/government-supervision-on-quality-of-smoking-cessation-counselling-in-midwifery-practices-a-qualitative-exploration
#17
Sandra F Oude Wesselink, Annemiek Stoopendaal, Vicki Erasmus, Déan Smits, Johan P Mackenbach, Hester F Lingsma, Paul B M Robben
BACKGROUND: The Dutch Healthcare Inspectorate supervises care providers in order to improve quality of care. Recently the inspectorate assessed and promoted the use of a guideline on smoking-cessation counselling in midwifery practices. The supervision programme consisted of an announcement of the enforcement deadline for the guideline and site visits. The purpose of our qualitative study was to identify factors related to guideline adherence after the supervision programme, and investigate whether the programme had helped improve adherence...
April 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404461/experiences-and-perspectives-of-mothers-of-the-pertussis-vaccination-programme-in-london
#18
C G Winslade, C M Heffernan, C J Atchison
BACKGROUND: In 2012, a pertussis outbreak prompted a national vaccination programme for pregnant women, which provides passive protection for infants. Vaccine uptake in London is consistently lower than elsewhere in the UK. There are few studies looking at the reasons why pregnant women accept or refuse pertussis vaccination. Therefore, this study aimed to gain a better understanding of London women's views and experiences, to identify how services might be improved. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional qualitative semi-structured interviews study...
February 1, 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403460/factors-associated-with-quitting-among-smoking-pregnant-women-from-small-town-and-rural-areas-in-poland
#19
Lukasz Balwicki, Danielle M Smith, Magdalena Pierucka, Maciej L Goniewicz, Marzena Zarzeczna-Baran, Tadeusz Jedrzejczyk, Marzena Strahl, Tomasz Zdrojewski
Introduction: Smoking rates among women in Poland are high, and access to specialized smoking cessation services in rural areas are limited. The aim of this study was to assess factors related to quitting among pregnant women who smoke in rural areas of Poland. Methods: Data were collected during interviews conducted by midwives among 4512 women at various stages of their pregnancy. The interviews took place in small towns with populations having less than 8000 residents, located within 12 out of 16 voivodships (provinces)...
May 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403456/national-survey-of-smoking-and-smoking-cessation-education-within-uk-midwifery-school-curricula
#20
Jane Forman, James M Harris, Fabiana Lorencatto, Andy McEwen, Maria J Duaso
Introduction: Smoking in pregnancy in the United Kingdom remains prevalent (11%). To encourage and support pregnant smokers to quit, midwives must be adequately trained to do so. Substantial curricular gaps have been identified in the smoking cessation training of medical, nursing, and optometry schools. This study aimed to identify the extent of smoking cessation training and assessment in UK midwifery schools. Methods: All UK undergraduate midwifery schools (n = 53) were invited to complete a web-based survey of their curricular coverage and assessment related to smoking cessation, and perceived barriers to delivering smoking cessation training...
May 1, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
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