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Review and adhd

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144831/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-unique-considerations-in-athletes
#1
Chaney G Stewman, Catherine Liebman, Laura Fink, Brad Sandella
CONTEXT: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common psychiatric condition in the general population, with evidence suggesting that it may be more common among athletes. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Literature searches were performed on PubMed, MEDLINE, and Cochrane databases for the years 2000 to 2016 utilizing the following key search terms: ADHD, ADD, guidelines, diagnosis, athlete, sports, treatment, pharmacotherapy, stimulants, risk, cardiovascular effects, concussion, and traumatic brain injury (TBI)...
November 1, 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143762/executive-function-capacities-negative-driving-behavior-and-crashes-in-young-drivers
#2
REVIEW
Elizabeth A Walshe, Chelsea Ward McIntosh, Daniel Romer, Flaura K Winston
Motor vehicle crashes remain a leading cause of injury and death in adolescents, with teen drivers three times more likely to be in a fatal crash when compared to adults. One potential contributing risk factor is the ongoing development of executive functioning with maturation of the frontal lobe through adolescence and into early adulthood. Atypical development resulting in poor or impaired executive functioning (as in Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder) has been associated with risky driving and crash outcomes...
October 28, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141323/-a-systematic-review-of-seizure-risk-and-efficacy-of-methylphenida-tetreatment-on-epilepsy-combined-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#3
C Yang, H Z Zhou, S H Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134566/lisdexamfetamine-a-review-in-binge-eating-disorder
#4
Young-A Heo, Sean T Duggan
Oral lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (Vyvanse(®); lisdexamfetamine), a prodrug of dextroamfetamine, is currently the only drug to be approved in the USA for the treatment of moderate to severe binge eating disorder (BED) in adult patients. Its approval was based on the results of two pivotal short-term (12 weeks) phase III studies, which showed a significantly greater reduction in binge eating days/week at the end of the study with lisdexamfetamine 50-70 mg/day than with placebo. The findings of these studies have been supported and extended by the results of longer-term (≤ 52 weeks) phase III studies, including one with a randomized 26-week withdrawal phase, which showed that lisdexamfetamine markedly reduced the risk of BED relapse relative to placebo...
November 13, 2017: CNS Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132072/peripheral-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-in-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-comprehensive-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Jian Zhang, Wanjun Luo, Qiyang Li, Ruoting Xu, Qiqiong Wang, Qitao Huang
BACKGROUND: Studies suggest that dysfunction of BDNF is a possible contributor to the pathology and symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Several studies have found changes of peripheral BDNF levels in ADHD, but findings are not always consistent. The aim of our study was to assess the association between peripheral BDNF levels and ADHD by using a meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic search of Pubmed, Web of Science and China National Knowledge Infrastructure identified 10 articles encompassing a sample of 1183 individuals for the meta-analysis...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129189/a-review-of-the-economic-impact-of-mental-illness
#6
Christopher M Doran, Irina Kinchin
Objective To examine the impact and cost associated with mental illness.Methods A rapid review of the literature from Australia, New Zealand, UK and Canada was undertaken. The review included literature pertaining to the cost-of-illness and impact of mental illness as well as any modelling studies. Included studies were categorised according to impact on education, labour force engagement, earlier retirement or welfare dependency. The well-accepted Drummond 10-point economic appraisal checklist was used to assess the quality of the studies...
November 13, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129152/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-in-epilepsy-and-primary-adhd-differences-in-symptom-dimensions-and-quality-of-life
#7
Ozalp Ekinci, Çetin Okuyaz, Semra Erdoğan, Serkan Gunes, Nuran Ekinci, Merve Kalınlı, Halenur Teke, Meltem Çobanoğulları Direk
PURPOSE: We aimed to (1) compare quality of life (QOL) among children with epilepsy, epilepsy and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and primary ADHD and (2) compare ADHD symptom dimensions and subtypes between children with epilepsy-ADHD and primary ADHD. METHODS: A total of 140 children; 53 with epilepsy, 35 with epilepsy-ADHD, and 52 with primary ADHD were included. KINDL-R (quality of life measure), Turgay DSM-IV Disruptive Behavior Disorders Rating Scale (T-DSM-IV-S), and Conners' Parent Rating Scale (CPRS) were completed...
December 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107450/epilepsy-as-a-network-disorder-1-what-can-we-learn-from-other-network-disorders-such-as-autistic-spectrum-disorder-and-mood-disorders
#8
REVIEW
Andres M Kanner, Helen Scharfman, Nathalie Jette, Evdokia Anagnostou, Christophe Bernard, Carol Camfield, Peter Camfield, Karen Legg, Ilan Dinstein, Peter Giacobe, Alon Friedman, Bernd Pohlmann-Eden
Epilepsy is a neurologic condition which often occurs with other neurologic and psychiatric disorders. The relation between epilepsy and these conditions is complex. Some population-based studies have identified a bidirectional relation, whereby not only patients with epilepsy are at increased risk of suffering from some of these neurologic and psychiatric disorders (migraine, stroke, dementia, autism, depression, anxiety disorders, Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and psychosis), but also patients with these conditions are at increased risk of suffering from epilepsy...
October 26, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106438/the-neurocognitive-profile-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-review-of-meta-analyses
#9
Michelle A Pievsky, Robert E McGrath
Objective: Numerous meta-analyses have summarized studies comparing the neurocognitive performance of individuals with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) to that of healthy controls. Method: The present study is a systematic review and quantitative summary of those meta-analyses that aimed to determine the extent to which individuals with ADHD differ cognitively from typically developing controls. Results: Of 253 standardized mean differences (SMDs) drawn from 34 meta-analyses, 244 (96%) were positive, indicating better neurocognitive performance in the control group than the ADHD group...
July 6, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099034/the-association-between-sleep-and-theory-of-mind-in-school-aged-children-with-adhd
#10
REVIEW
Rackeb Tesfaye, Reut Gruber
Theory of Mind (ToM) is defined as the ability to infer a range of internal mental states of others, including beliefs, intentions, desires, and emotions. These abilities are associated with children's ability to socialize effectively with peers. ToM impairments are associated with peer rejection and psychiatric disorders such as Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Previous studies have found poor sleep negatively impacts executive functioning (EF) and emotional information processing, which are essential for the effective use of ToM...
August 21, 2017: Medical Sciences: Open Access Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096908/using-task-performance-to-inform-treatment-planning-for-youth-with-adhd-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Stephen J Molitor, Joshua M Langberg
The role that neuropsychological task performance plays in the assessment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is currently ambiguous, and findings are mixed regarding whether tasks have validity for diagnosing the disorder. Irrespective of their validity for diagnosing ADHD, neuropsychological tasks could provide valuable information to mental health professionals if they can inform recommendations for treatment targets and modalities. Therefore, this review sought to synthesize the available evidence related to the use of neuropsychological task performance as a tool for informing treatment planning for youth with ADHD...
December 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083042/practitioner-review-current-best-practice-in-the-use-of-parent-training-and-other-behavioural-interventions-in-the-treatment-of-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#12
REVIEW
David Daley, Saskia Van Der Oord, Maite Ferrin, Samuele Cortese, Marina Danckaerts, Manfred Doepfner, Barbara J Van den Hoofdakker, David Coghill, Margaret Thompson, Philip Asherson, Tobias Banaschewski, Daniel Brandeis, Jan Buitelaar, Ralf W Dittmann, Chris Hollis, Martin Holtmann, Eric Konofal, Michel Lecendreux, Aribert Rothenberger, Paramala Santosh, Emily Simonoff, Cesar Soutullo, Hans Christoph Steinhausen, Argyris Stringaris, Eric Taylor, Ian C K Wong, Alessandro Zuddas, Edmund J Sonuga-Barke
BACKGROUND: Behavioural interventions are recommended for use with children and young people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD); however, specific guidance for their implementation based on the best available evidence is currently lacking. METHODS: This review used an explicit question and answer format to address issues of clinical concern, based on expert interpretation of the evidence with precedence given to meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082428/social-skills-training-and-adhd-what-works
#13
REVIEW
Amori Yee Mikami, Sophie Smit, Adri Khalis
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Many children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) have difficulties in their social skills and peer relationships. Because social problems exacerbate later maladjustment in ADHD populations, it is important to address this serious impairment. Although social skills training (SST) is a common intervention approach, evidence to date suggests that SST has limited efficacy, at least when provided in traditional, clinic-based settings. The current review summarizes recent advances to traditional SST approaches that may potentially enhance their efficacy...
October 30, 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079900/perceptions-of-adhd-among-diagnosed-children-and-their-parents-a-systematic-review-using-the-common-sense-model-of-illness-representations
#14
REVIEW
Iana Y T Wong, David J Hawes, Simon Clarke, Michael R Kohn, Ilan Dar-Nimrod
Research on children and parents' experiences of ADHD has grown in recent years, attracting attention to their subjective perception of ADHD as a disorder. Theoretical accounts of illness perception suggest that it is multi-dimensional, consisting of at least five core constructs (see the common-sense model of illness representations or CSM: Leventhal et al., in: Rachman (ed) Medical psychology, Pergamon, New York, vol 2, pp 7-30, 1980, in: Baum, Taylor, Singer (eds) Handbook of psychology and health: social psychological aspects of health, Earlbaum, Hillsdale, vol 4, pp 219-252, 1984)...
October 27, 2017: Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077142/-non-invasive-neurostimulation-in-the-treatment-of-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry
#15
S van der Meersche, G Lemmens, C Matton, C Baeken
Neurostimulation is a potentially interesting treatment option for children and adolescents with psychiatric disorders.<br/> AIM: To review the efficacy of two non-invasive neurostimulation techniques, namely repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rtms) and transcranial direct current stimulation (tdcs), in the treatment of child and adolescent psychiatric disorders.<br/> METHOD: We searched the literature research using PubMed.<br/> RESULTS: There is some evidence that rtms is being used to treat unipolar depression, psychosis, autism spectrum disorder, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and tic disorder...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073744/a-retrospective-study-of-long-acting-risperidone-use-to-support-treatment-adherence-in-youth-with-conduct-disorder
#16
Sevcan Karakoç Demirkaya, Hatice Aksu, Börte Gürbüz Özgür
Objective: Risperidone has been widely used to control aggression and conduct disorder (CD) in youth; however, treatment compliance is a major problem in CD. Our aim is to evaluate the effectiveness and tolerability of long-acting risperidone (LAR) in treating nonadherent cases. Methods: The medical records of children and adolescents who had CD and were nonadherent to conventional drugs and psychosocial interventions (and therefore taking LAR) were reviewed. Informed consent on offlabel use of LAR was obtained from the parents...
November 30, 2017: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072189/association-of-maternal-depression-with-children-s-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#17
S Sfelinioti, M Livaditis
Family problems are considered to be the main risk factor leading to the development of behavi oural problems during childhood and adolescence as well. A well documented fact in the current literature is that psychopathology of any kind in parents may influence behaviour, personality and appearance of psychopathology in their children. The permanent interaction between children's psychopathology or any kind of developmental disorder on one hand and parental psychopathology on the other, is considered to be one of the most important fields of research during the last decades...
July 2017: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070492/vitamin-d-deficiency-infertility-and-neurodevelopmental-diseases-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-autism-and-schizophrenia
#18
Michael J Berridge
The process of development depends on a progressive sequence of events that are carefully orchestrated by a number of signalling systems. Alteration in these signalling events results in infertility and neurodevelopmental diseases such as attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and schizophrenia. A prominent role throughout development beginning at fertilization and continuing through early development, implantation and organ differentiation such as heart and brain development is regulated by Ca(2+) signalling...
October 25, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065807/prospective-memory-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-review
#19
Karley-Dale S Talbot, Ulrich Müller, Kimberly A Kerns
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the paper is to synthesize the research on prospective memory (PM) in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). METHOD: Research on PM and ADHD in youth was synthesized according to the PRISMA guidelines and a summary of the types of PM deficits typically seen in these children, as well as the methods currently available to assess and treat these deficits is provided. Suggestions on ways to better manage PM deficits in children's everyday lives are also discussed...
October 24, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057670/do-parents-and-children-agree-on-rating-a-child-s-hrqol-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-comparisons-between-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-and-children-with-typical-development-using-the-pedsql-tm
#20
Yi-Chen Lee, Hao-Jan Yang, Wan-Ting Lee, Ming-Jen Teng
PURPOSE: This meta-analysis was conducted to assess differences in a child's health-related quality of life (HRQOL) as reported by the child and their parents using the Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory(TM), and the effects in both children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and those with typical development. METHODS: Eight studies encompassing 16 independent groups met the inclusion criteria and were combined and compared in this meta-analysis...
October 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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