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Medications milk lactating

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222843/association-of-california-mastitis-test-scores-with-intramammary-infection-status-in-lactating-dairy-cows-admitted-to-a-veterinary-teaching-hospital
#1
S A Kandeel, D E Morin, C D Calloway, P D Constable
BACKGROUND: Subclinical mastitis is of concern in veterinary hospitals because contagious mastitis pathogens might be unknowingly transmitted to susceptible cows and then back to their farm of origin. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the California mastitis test (CMT) as an indicator of intramammary infection (IMI) in lactating dairy cows admitted to a veterinary hospital. ANIMALS: A total of 139 admissions of 128 lactating dairy cows admitted to the University of Illinois Veterinary Teaching Hospital over a 2-year period...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161535/effect-of-dedicated-lactation-support-services-on-breastfeeding-outcomes-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-neonates
#2
Sharareh Gharib, Molly Fletcher, Richard Tucker, Betty Vohr, Beatrice E Lechner
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is associated with major benefits for high-risk infants born prematurely, yet this population faces significant challenges to breastfeeding. Lactation services provide successful interventions, yet the impact of lactation services on breastfeeding outcomes in preterm infants is understudied. Research aim: The provision of full-time lactation support in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) will improve quantitative breastfeeding measures in premature infants...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119825/why-chinese-mothers-stop-breastfeeding-mothers-self-reported-reasons-for-stopping-during-the-first-six-months
#3
Ke Sun, Miaoxia Chen, Yuzhu Yin, Lingling Wu, Lingling Gao
The reasons why mothers in mainland China stop breastfeeding before their infants were six months old was investigated. Five hundred sixty-two mothers within two to three days after delivery in a hospital in Guangzhou, China, were followed up via telephone interview at one, four, and six months postpartum between January and August 2015 to assess their infant's feeding patterns and mother's reasons for breastfeeding cessation. Measures included the questionnaire about sociodemographic, psychosocial, and perinatal characteristics, the Breastfeeding Outcome Questionnaire and the Breastfeeding Self-efficacy Scale-Short Form...
September 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026730/important-role-of-medical-training-curriculum-to-promote-the-rate-of-human-milk-feeding
#4
REVIEW
Yong Joo Kim
The rate of human milk feeding has been decreasing despite the diverse efforts of many physicians and nurses, as well as numerous professional organizations and various international health institutions. The number of physicians and nurses who can provide proper guidance for human milk feeding and offer appropriate knowledge and techniques to allow the most beneficial and convenient manner of breastfeeding is quite deficient. It is suggested that physicians and nurses be trained to teach and educate about the medical importance of human milk feeding to lactating mothers...
September 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951685/the-availability-of-information-on-induced-lactation-in-malaysia
#5
REVIEW
Norsyamlina Che Abdul Rahim, Zaharah Sulaiman, Tengku Alina Tengku Ismail
Induced lactation is a method of stimulating the production of breast milk in women who have not gone through the process of pregnancy. Recent advances in technology have given such women the opportunity to breastfeed adopted children. Previous studies conducted in Western countries have explored the breastfeeding of adopted children, as well as the experiences, successes and challenges of this process. However, research on procedures for breastfeeding adopted children is lacking in Malaysia. The authors have therefore reviewed literature related to induced lactation in Malaysia to fill this gap...
August 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926281/e-learning-to-improve-healthcare-professionals-attitudes-and-practices-on-breastfeeding
#6
Sofia Colaceci, Angela Giusti, Elise M Chapin, Maria Enrica Bettinelli, Alessia De Angelis, Francesca Zambri, Ercole Vellone, Rosaria Alvaro, Barbara De Mei
INTRODUCTION: Breastfeeding training has a crucial role in increasing healthcare professionals' attitudes and in improving professional support for breastfeeding. The collaboration between the Italian National Institute of Health, UNICEF, and the Local Health Authority of Milan has led to the development of an online course on lactation and infant feeding practices. AIM: To assess if the course was effective in improving healthcare professionals' attitudes and practices (APs)...
September 19, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857686/natalizumab-during-pregnancy-and-lactation
#7
Undine Proschmann, Katja Thomas, Sandra Thiel, Kerstin Hellwig, Tjalf Ziemssen
BACKGROUND: Managing medication during pregnancy and lactation in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients needs to balance potential risks to the newborn with the substantial risks of ongoing disease activity. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential transfer of natalizumab (NAT) into breast milk and into the serum of newborn babies in women who continued NAT treatment during pregnancy and lactation. METHODS: Serum samples of 11 mother-infant pairs and mother milk samples of a further 4 women were analyzed for free NAT using a HL60 cell-based fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) assay...
August 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783032/seroprevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-in-goats-from-the-south-west-region-of-poland-and-the-detection-of-t-gondii-dna-in-goat-milk
#8
Jacek Sroka, Pawel Kusyk, Ewa Bilska-Zajac, Jacek Karamon, Jacek Dutkiewicz, Angelina Wojcik-Fatla, Violetta Zajac, Krzysztof Stojecki, Miroslaw Rozycki, Tomasz Cencek
Toxoplasma gondii (Nicolle et Manceaux, 1908) is an obligatory intracellular protozoan parasite prevalent in animals and humans worldwide having medical and veterinary importance on account of causing abortion or congenital disease in intermediate hosts, including man. Since T. gondii has already been identified in the milk of goats, Capra aegagrus hircus (Linnaeus), the possibility of acquiring infection by ingesting unpasteurised goat milk should be taken into consideration. Thus, the aim of the present study was to determine the presence of T...
July 11, 2017: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759177/breastfeeding-outcomes-after-oxytocin-use-during-childbirth-an-integrative-review
#9
REVIEW
Elise N Erickson, Cathy L Emeis
INTRODUCTION: Despite widespread use of exogenous synthetic oxytocin during the birth process, few studies have examined the effect of this drug on breastfeeding. Based on neuroscience research, endogenous oxytocin may be altered or manipulated by exogenous administration or by blocking normal function of the hormone or receptor. Women commonly cite insufficient milk production as their reason for early supplementation, jeopardizing breastfeeding goals. Researchers need to consider the role of birth-related medications and interventions on the production of milk...
July 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727931/pumping-milk-without-ever-feeding-at-the-breast-in-the-moms2moms-study
#10
Sarah A Keim, Kelly M Boone, Reena Oza-Frank, Sheela R Geraghty
BACKGROUND: More than 85% of contemporary lactating women in the United States express their milk at least sometimes. Some produce milk exclusively through pumping. We characterized women who pumped but never fed at the breast and compared their infant feeding practices with those of women who fed at the breast with or without pumping. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Study participants were those delivered at Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center in 2011 and completed a questionnaire at 12 months postpartum (n = 478)...
September 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714610/use-of-psychotropic-medications-in-breastfeeding-women
#11
REVIEW
Nirit Kronenfeld, Maya Berlin, Dotan Shaniv, Matitiahu Berkovitch
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding women who are prescribed with psychotropic medications on a regular basis are often concerned, regarding the possible implications of such treatment on the breastfed infant. A mother's well-being has a direct influence on the well-being of the baby. However, the notorious reputation of psychotropic medications may lead to suboptimal prescribing by the physician and poor adherence by the mother. METHODS: A PubMed search (from 1976 through February 2017) was conducted for commonly used psychotropic drug classes, as well as individual medications commonly prescribed in these classes, along with the MeSH terms "breastfeeding"/"lactation"...
July 17, 2017: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704470/mammary-candidiasis-a-medical-condition-without-scientific-evidence
#12
Esther Jiménez, Rebeca Arroyo, Nivia Cárdenas, María Marín, Pilar Serrano, Leonides Fernández, Juan M Rodríguez
Many physicians, midwives and lactation consultants still believe that yeasts (particularly Candida spp.) play an important role as an agent of nipple and breast pain despite the absolute absence of scientific proofs to establish such association. In this context, the objective of this study was to investigate the microorganisms involved in sore nipples and/or painful "shooting" breastfeeding by using a variety of microscopy techniques, as well as culture-dependent and-independent identification methods. Initially, 60 women (30 diagnosed as suffering "mammary candidiasis" and 30 with no painful breastfeeding) were recruited to elucidate the role of their pumps on the milk microbial profiles...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569202/a-health-partnership-to-reduce-neonatal-mortality-in-four-hospitals-in-rwanda
#13
Placide Ntigurirwa, Kathy Mellor, Daniel Langer, Mari Evans, Emily Robertson, Lisine Tuyisenge, Alan Groves, Tom Lissauer
BACKGROUND: A health partnership to improve hospital based neonatal care in Rwanda to reduce neonatal mortality was requested by the Rwandan Ministry of Health. Although many health system improvements have been made, there is a severe shortage of health professionals with neonatal training. METHODS: Following a needs assessment, a health partnership grant for 2 years was obtained. A team of volunteer neonatologists and paediatricians, neonatal nurses, lactation consultants and technicians with experience in Rwanda or low-income countries was assembled...
June 1, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558732/safety-and-tolerability-of-bifidobacterium-longum-subspecies-infantis-evc001-supplementation-in-healthy-term-breastfed-infants-a-phase-i-clinical-trial
#14
Jennifer T Smilowitz, Jackelyn Moya, Melissa A Breck, Chelsea Cook, Annette Fineberg, Kathleen Angkustsiri, Mark A Underwood
BACKGROUND: Historically, bifidobacteria were the dominant intestinal bacteria in breastfed infants. Still abundant in infants in developing nations, levels of intestinal bifidobacteria are low among infants in developed nations. Recent studies have described an intimate relationship between human milk and a specific subspecies of Bifidobacterium, B. longum subsp. infantis (B. infantis), yet supplementation of breastfed, healthy, term infants with this organism, has not been reported...
May 30, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557525/human-milk-provision-experiences-goals-and-outcomes-for-teen-mothers-with-low-birth-weight-infants-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#15
Beverly Rossman, Paula P Meier, Judy E Janes, Christie Lawrence, Aloka L Patel
INTRODUCTION: Breastfeeding rates are virtually unknown for teen mothers whose low-birth-weight (LBW; <2500 gm) infants are hospitalized in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). The objective was to examine the infant feeding experiences, goals, and outcomes of teen mothers of LBW infants. METHODS: We conducted a multimethod study using a qualitative research design, survey, and infant medical records. The primary data source was individual interviews conducted with teen mothers of LBW infants hospitalized in a tertiary NICU...
July 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486375/domperidone-for-lactation-what-health-care-providers-need-to-know
#16
Catherine A Sewell, Christina Y Chang, Miriam M Chehab, Christine P Nguyen
This commentary serves to raise health care provider awareness about the regulatory status and available evidence regarding domperidone for insufficient lactation. Breastfeeding provides significant health benefits for mothers and infants, and insufficient milk production remains the most common reason for early weaning. Domperidone, a dopamine receptor antagonist that may increase milk production, is not approved for any human use in the United States. It is approved in some countries for certain gastrointestinal disorders, but is not approved in any country for lactation enhancement...
June 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475629/purification-and-characterization-of-recombinant-human-bile-salt-stimulated-lipase-expressed-in-milk-of-transgenic-cloned-cows
#17
Yuhang Wang, Fangrong Ding, Tao Wang, Wenjie Liu, Susanne Lindquist, Olle Hernell, Jianwu Wang, Jing Li, Ling Li, Yaofeng Zhao, Yunping Dai, Ning Li
Bile salt-stimulated lipase (BSSL) is a lipolytic digestive enzyme with broad substrate specificity secreted from exocrine pancreas into the intestinal lumen in all species and from the lactating mammary gland into the milk of some species, notably humans but not cows. BSSL in breast milk facilitates digestion and absorption of milk fat and promotes growth of small for gestational age preterm infants. Thus, purified recombinant human BSSL (rhBSSL) can be used for treatment of patients with fat malabsorption and expressing rhBSSL in the milk of transgenic cloned cows would therefore be a mean to meet a medical need...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249795/early-exposure-to-agricultural-soil-accelerates-the-maturation-of-the-early-life-pig-gut-microbiota
#18
Nguyen Vo, Tsung Cheng Tsai, Charles Maxwell, Franck Carbonero
Reduced microbial exposure in early childhood is postulated to be associated with subsequent immune deficiencies and associated health conditions. This corollary to the "hygiene hypothesis" has grown of popularity in the medical field, but can only be really tested with animal models. Based on previous observation that access to outdoor environment improves piglets' growth performance, we simulated early microbial exposure by providing pigs with topsoil during the lactation phase. Specifically, pigs from 20 litters were assigned to either control treatments (C) or soil treatments (S): pigs exposed to topsoil from day 4 postpartum to the end of lactation...
June 2017: Anaerobe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161183/investigation-of-the-effect-of-pegbovigrastim-on-some-periparturient-immune-disorders-and-performance-in-mexican-dairy-herds
#19
R Ruiz, L O Tedeschi, A Sepúlveda
This study analyzed the efficacy of pegbovigrastim (Imrestor, Elanco Animal Health, Greenfield, IN) on some health and production parameters in lactating dairy cows. Primiparous and multiparous Holsteins from 17 Mexican dairy herds (n = 10,238) were included in this study, which was conducted in 2015. Treated cows (n = 5,025) received Imrestor approximately 7 d before expected calving and again within 24 h after calving; control cows (n = 5,213) did not receive a placebo. Clinical mastitis (MAS; 0 to 30 DIM), retained placenta (RP), and clinical metritis (MET; 0 to 21 DIM) occurrences were recorded, as well as the number of medication days, medical treatments needed, and the number of days that milk was discarded due to medication administered for disease...
April 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092212/systemic-medications-used-in-treatment-of-common-dermatological-conditions-safety-profile-with-respect-to-pregnancy-breast-feeding-and-content-in-seminal-fluid
#20
S M Brown, K A Aljefri, R Waas, P J Hampton
Prescribing for pregnant or lactating patients and male patients wishing to father children can be a difficult area for dermatologists. There is a lack of review articles of commonly used systemic medications in dermatology with respect to their effects on developing embryogenesis and their potential transfer across the placenta, in breast milk and in seminal fluid. This paper aims to provide an up to date summary of evidence to better equip dermatologists to inform patients about the effects of systemic medications commonly used in dermatology to treat conditions such as atopic dermatitis, psoriasis and acne, on current and future embryogenesis and fertility...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
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