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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441579/brain-anatomy-of-the-4-day-old-european-rabbit
#1
Nanette Y Schneider, Frédérique Datiche, Gérard Coureaud
The European rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) is a widely used model in fundamental, medical and veterinary neurosciences. Besides investigations in adults, rabbit pups are relevant to study perinatal neurodevelopment and early behaviour. To date, the rabbit is also the only species in which a pheromone - the mammary pheromone (MP) - emitted by lactating females and active on neonatal adaptation has been described. The MP is crucial since it contributes directly to nipple localisation and oral seizing in neonates, i...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432703/factors-influencing-southeastern-u-s-mothers-participation-in-baby-friendly-practices-a-mixed-methods-study
#2
Allison C Munn, Susan D Newman, Shannon M Phillips, Martina Mueller, Sarah N Taylor
BACKGROUND: Mothers in the southeastern United States, including rural-dwelling and African American mothers, have historically had low rates of breastfeeding; however, no studies have investigated these mothers' experiences of breastfeeding support processes associated with the Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative. Research aim: This study aimed to determine factors influencing southeastern U.S. mothers' participation in Baby-Friendly practices and breastfeeding decisions. METHODS: Using a convergent parallel mixed-methods design, medical record review of mother-infant dyads ( n = 234) provided data to determine if those who participated in more than half of the Ten Steps to Successful Breastfeeding had improved breastfeeding outcomes...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411152/drugs-in-lactation
#3
REVIEW
Philip O Anderson
One impediment to breastfeeding is the lack of information on the use of many drugs during lactation, especially newer ones. The principles of drug passage into breastmilk are well established, but have often not been optimally applied prospectively. Commonly used preclinical rodent models for determining drug excretion into milk are very unreliable because of marked differences in milk composition and transporters compared to those of humans. Measurement of drug concentrations in humans remains the gold standard, but computer modeling is promising...
February 6, 2018: Pharmaceutical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393671/importance-of-maternal-diet-in-the-training-of-the-infant-s-immune-system-during-gestation-and-lactation
#4
P V Jeurink, K Knipping, F Wiens, K Barańska, B Stahl, J Garssen, B Krolak-Olejnik
Latest forecasts predict that half of the European population will be allergic within the coming 15 years, with food allergies contributing substantially to the total burden; preventive measures are urgently needed. Unfortunately, all attempted alimentary strategies for primary prevention of allergic diseases through allergen avoidance so far have failed. This also holds true for the prevention of food allergies in breastfed infants by the common practice of excluding certain foods with allergenic potential from the maternal diet...
February 2, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306891/community-pharmacists-services-for-women-during-pregnancy-and-breast-feeding-in-kuwait-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Abdullah Albassam, Abdelmoneim Awad
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to identify the services provided by community pharmacists in Kuwait and their views regarding self-care in pregnancy and lactation. In addition, it determined the pharmacists' recommendations for treatment of pregnancy-related and breast feeding-related ailments. DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey. SETTING: Community pharmacies in Kuwait. PARTICIPANTS: 207 pharmacies were randomly selected from the Ministry of Health database...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280369/characteristics-of-the-regional-human-milk-bank-in-poland-donors-recipients-and-nutritional-value-of-human-milk
#6
Olga Barbarska, Monika Zielińska, Beata Pawlus, Aleksandra Wesołowska
Background: In case of shortage of breast milk despite proper lactation care or the poor state of the mother’s health, breast milk from human milk bank is recommended for feeding preterm infants Objective: This study retrospectively evaluated the first year of the operation of the Regional Human Milk Bank Material and methods: Data concerning donors was collected in the human milk bank during the cooperation. The clinical characteristics of the recipients was made on the basis of medical documentation from the Holy Family Hospital in Warsaw, Poland...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222843/association-of-california-mastitis-test-scores-with-intramammary-infection-status-in-lactating-dairy-cows-admitted-to-a-veterinary-teaching-hospital
#7
S A Kandeel, D E Morin, C D Calloway, P D Constable
BACKGROUND: Subclinical mastitis is of concern in veterinary hospitals because contagious mastitis pathogens might be unknowingly transmitted to susceptible cows and then back to their farm of origin. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the California mastitis test (CMT) as an indicator of intramammary infection (IMI) in lactating dairy cows admitted to a veterinary hospital. ANIMALS: A total of 139 admissions of 128 lactating dairy cows admitted to the University of Illinois Veterinary Teaching Hospital over a 2-year period...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161535/effect-of-dedicated-lactation-support-services-on-breastfeeding-outcomes-in-extremely-low-birth-weight-neonates
#8
Sharareh Gharib, Molly Fletcher, Richard Tucker, Betty Vohr, Beatrice E Lechner
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding is associated with major benefits for high-risk infants born prematurely, yet this population faces significant challenges to breastfeeding. Lactation services provide successful interventions, yet the impact of lactation services on breastfeeding outcomes in preterm infants is understudied. Research aim: The provision of full-time lactation support in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) will improve quantitative breastfeeding measures in premature infants...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119825/why-chinese-mothers-stop-breastfeeding-mothers-self-reported-reasons-for-stopping-during-the-first-six-months
#9
Ke Sun, Miaoxia Chen, Yuzhu Yin, Lingling Wu, Lingling Gao
The reasons why mothers in mainland China stop breastfeeding before their infants were six months old was investigated. Five hundred sixty-two mothers within two to three days after delivery in a hospital in Guangzhou, China, were followed up via telephone interview at one, four, and six months postpartum between January and August 2015 to assess their infant's feeding patterns and mother's reasons for breastfeeding cessation. Measures included the questionnaire about sociodemographic, psychosocial, and perinatal characteristics, the Breastfeeding Outcome Questionnaire and the Breastfeeding Self-efficacy Scale-Short Form...
September 2017: Journal of Child Health Care: for Professionals Working with Children in the Hospital and Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026730/important-role-of-medical-training-curriculum-to-promote-the-rate-of-human-milk-feeding
#10
REVIEW
Yong Joo Kim
The rate of human milk feeding has been decreasing despite the diverse efforts of many physicians and nurses, as well as numerous professional organizations and various international health institutions. The number of physicians and nurses who can provide proper guidance for human milk feeding and offer appropriate knowledge and techniques to allow the most beneficial and convenient manner of breastfeeding is quite deficient. It is suggested that physicians and nurses be trained to teach and educate about the medical importance of human milk feeding to lactating mothers...
September 2017: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951685/the-availability-of-information-on-induced-lactation-in-malaysia
#11
REVIEW
Norsyamlina Che Abdul Rahim, Zaharah Sulaiman, Tengku Alina Tengku Ismail
Induced lactation is a method of stimulating the production of breast milk in women who have not gone through the process of pregnancy. Recent advances in technology have given such women the opportunity to breastfeed adopted children. Previous studies conducted in Western countries have explored the breastfeeding of adopted children, as well as the experiences, successes and challenges of this process. However, research on procedures for breastfeeding adopted children is lacking in Malaysia. The authors have therefore reviewed literature related to induced lactation in Malaysia to fill this gap...
August 2017: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926281/e-learning-to-improve-healthcare-professionals-attitudes-and-practices-on-breastfeeding
#12
Sofia Colaceci, Angela Giusti, Elise M Chapin, Maria Enrica Bettinelli, Alessia De Angelis, Francesca Zambri, Ercole Vellone, Rosaria Alvaro, Barbara De Mei
INTRODUCTION: Breastfeeding training has a crucial role in increasing healthcare professionals' attitudes and in improving professional support for breastfeeding. The collaboration between the Italian National Institute of Health, UNICEF, and the Local Health Authority of Milan has led to the development of an online course on lactation and infant feeding practices. AIM: To assess if the course was effective in improving healthcare professionals' attitudes and practices (APs)...
September 19, 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857686/natalizumab-during-pregnancy-and-lactation
#13
Undine Proschmann, Katja Thomas, Sandra Thiel, Kerstin Hellwig, Tjalf Ziemssen
BACKGROUND: Managing medication during pregnancy and lactation in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients needs to balance potential risks to the newborn with the substantial risks of ongoing disease activity. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the potential transfer of natalizumab (NAT) into breast milk and into the serum of newborn babies in women who continued NAT treatment during pregnancy and lactation. METHODS: Serum samples of 11 mother-infant pairs and mother milk samples of a further 4 women were analyzed for free NAT using a HL60 cell-based fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) assay...
August 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783032/seroprevalence-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-in-goats-from-the-south-west-region-of-poland-and-the-detection-of-t-gondii-dna-in-goat-milk
#14
Jacek Sroka, Pawel Kusyk, Ewa Bilska-Zajac, Jacek Karamon, Jacek Dutkiewicz, Angelina Wojcik-Fatla, Violetta Zajac, Krzysztof Stojecki, Miroslaw Rozycki, Tomasz Cencek
Toxoplasma gondii (Nicolle et Manceaux, 1908) is an obligatory intracellular protozoan parasite prevalent in animals and humans worldwide having medical and veterinary importance on account of causing abortion or congenital disease in intermediate hosts, including man. Since T. gondii has already been identified in the milk of goats, Capra aegagrus hircus (Linnaeus), the possibility of acquiring infection by ingesting unpasteurised goat milk should be taken into consideration. Thus, the aim of the present study was to determine the presence of T...
July 11, 2017: Folia Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759177/breastfeeding-outcomes-after-oxytocin-use-during-childbirth-an-integrative-review
#15
REVIEW
Elise N Erickson, Cathy L Emeis
INTRODUCTION: Despite widespread use of exogenous synthetic oxytocin during the birth process, few studies have examined the effect of this drug on breastfeeding. Based on neuroscience research, endogenous oxytocin may be altered or manipulated by exogenous administration or by blocking normal function of the hormone or receptor. Women commonly cite insufficient milk production as their reason for early supplementation, jeopardizing breastfeeding goals. Researchers need to consider the role of birth-related medications and interventions on the production of milk...
July 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727931/pumping-milk-without-ever-feeding-at-the-breast-in-the-moms2moms-study
#16
Sarah A Keim, Kelly M Boone, Reena Oza-Frank, Sheela R Geraghty
BACKGROUND: More than 85% of contemporary lactating women in the United States express their milk at least sometimes. Some produce milk exclusively through pumping. We characterized women who pumped but never fed at the breast and compared their infant feeding practices with those of women who fed at the breast with or without pumping. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Study participants were those delivered at Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center in 2011 and completed a questionnaire at 12 months postpartum (n = 478)...
September 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714610/use-of-psychotropic-medications-in-breastfeeding-women
#17
REVIEW
Nirit Kronenfeld, Maya Berlin, Dotan Shaniv, Matitiahu Berkovitch
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding women who are prescribed with psychotropic medications on a regular basis are often concerned, regarding the possible implications of such treatment on the breastfed infant. A mother's well-being has a direct influence on the well-being of the baby. However, the notorious reputation of psychotropic medications may lead to suboptimal prescribing by the physician and poor adherence by the mother. METHODS: A PubMed search (from 1976 through February 2017) was conducted for commonly used psychotropic drug classes, as well as individual medications commonly prescribed in these classes, along with the MeSH terms "breastfeeding"/"lactation"...
July 17, 2017: Birth Defects Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704470/mammary-candidiasis-a-medical-condition-without-scientific-evidence
#18
Esther Jiménez, Rebeca Arroyo, Nivia Cárdenas, María Marín, Pilar Serrano, Leonides Fernández, Juan M Rodríguez
Many physicians, midwives and lactation consultants still believe that yeasts (particularly Candida spp.) play an important role as an agent of nipple and breast pain despite the absolute absence of scientific proofs to establish such association. In this context, the objective of this study was to investigate the microorganisms involved in sore nipples and/or painful "shooting" breastfeeding by using a variety of microscopy techniques, as well as culture-dependent and-independent identification methods. Initially, 60 women (30 diagnosed as suffering "mammary candidiasis" and 30 with no painful breastfeeding) were recruited to elucidate the role of their pumps on the milk microbial profiles...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569202/a-health-partnership-to-reduce-neonatal-mortality-in-four-hospitals-in-rwanda
#19
Placide Ntigurirwa, Kathy Mellor, Daniel Langer, Mari Evans, Emily Robertson, Lisine Tuyisenge, Alan Groves, Tom Lissauer
BACKGROUND: A health partnership to improve hospital based neonatal care in Rwanda to reduce neonatal mortality was requested by the Rwandan Ministry of Health. Although many health system improvements have been made, there is a severe shortage of health professionals with neonatal training. METHODS: Following a needs assessment, a health partnership grant for 2 years was obtained. A team of volunteer neonatologists and paediatricians, neonatal nurses, lactation consultants and technicians with experience in Rwanda or low-income countries was assembled...
June 1, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558732/safety-and-tolerability-of-bifidobacterium-longum-subspecies-infantis-evc001-supplementation-in-healthy-term-breastfed-infants-a-phase-i-clinical-trial
#20
Jennifer T Smilowitz, Jackelyn Moya, Melissa A Breck, Chelsea Cook, Annette Fineberg, Kathleen Angkustsiri, Mark A Underwood
BACKGROUND: Historically, bifidobacteria were the dominant intestinal bacteria in breastfed infants. Still abundant in infants in developing nations, levels of intestinal bifidobacteria are low among infants in developed nations. Recent studies have described an intimate relationship between human milk and a specific subspecies of Bifidobacterium, B. longum subsp. infantis (B. infantis), yet supplementation of breastfed, healthy, term infants with this organism, has not been reported...
May 30, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
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