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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647009/teenage-parenthood-and-birth-rates-for-individuals-with-and-without-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#1
Søren D Østergaard, Søren Dalsgaard, Stephen V Faraone, Trine Munk-Olsen, Thomas M Laursen
OBJECTIVE: Prior studies have established that attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with risky sexual behavior, but it remains unknown whether individuals with ADHD also are more likely to become parents while being teenagers. This aspect is clinically relevant because teenage parenthood is associated with adverse outcomes for parents and children. Therefore, the main aim of this study was to investigate whether individuals with ADHD would be more likely to become teenage parents compared with individuals without ADHD...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645785/contraceptive-counseling-in-reproductive-aged-women-treated-for-breast-cancer-at-a-tertiary-care-institution-a-retrospective-analysis
#2
Sara L Johansen, Klaira Lerma, Kate A Shaw
OBJECTIVE: To assess the frequency of documented contraceptive and fertility preservation counseling for women treated for breast cancer. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a chart analysis of female breast cancer patients (n=211) ages 18-45 receiving chemotherapy treatment at Stanford Comprehensive Cancer Center from 2010-2014. Primary outcomes of contraceptive counseling and fertility preservation counseling documentation were assessed for frequency. Secondary outcomes included pregnancy testing, contraception use, and pregnancy during treatment...
June 20, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642961/female-sexual-dysfunction-with-combined-oral-contraceptive-use
#3
Jean Jasmin M L Lee, Thiam Chye Tan, Seng Bin Ang
Combined oral contraceptive pills (COCs) remain one of the most popular forms of contraception to prevent unwanted pregnancy in women. While it is known that COCs can cause sexual dysfunction in women, there is currently no recommendation to screen for sexual function before and after initiation of COCs. We propose that, based on the evidence available, assessment of sexual function should be done at initiation of COCs, as well as at regular intervals thereafter. This would allow COC-related sexual dysfunction to be managed early, such as by switching the patient to newer-generation COCs or other forms of contraception...
June 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638292/combined-oral-contraceptive-pill-initiation-in-a-patient-with-major-depressive-disorder-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-social-anxiety-panic-disorder-and-histrionic-personality-disorder
#4
Cody Roi, Erich J Conrad
BACKGROUND: Comorbid psychiatric conditions present an added layer of challenge in managing patients, as each condition and associated set of symptoms exacerbate the complexity of the overall presentation. Premenopausal women may be at particular risk for inadequate care, as their comorbid conditions may present overlapping symptoms and mask independent premenstrual symptoms. The prevalence of premenstrual dysphoric disorder and associated conditions can be as high as 8% in women of reproductive age...
2017: Ochsner Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625324/esr2-genetic-variants-and-combined-oral-contraceptive-use-associated-with-the-risk-of-stroke
#5
Zhenlin Xu, Ying Li, Xiaoping Huang, Wei Shen, Jianling Bai, Chong Shen, Yang Zhao
BACKGROUND AND AIM: There is accumulating evidence suggesting an important role of estrogen receptor-β in the development of cardiovascular disease. The present study aims to investigate the relationship of estrogen receptor β gene (ESR2) polymorphisms with stroke risk in Chinese women, and further evaluate the gene-environment interaction of ESR2 and combined oral contraceptive (COC) use on stroke risk. METHODS: A case-control study was conducted with 446 first-ever stroke patients and 864 control subjects recruited from our prospective female cohort...
February 2017: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621511/pregnancy-and-bariatric-surgery
#6
Kamal K Mahawar
INTRODUCTION: A large number of women experience pregnancy after bariatric surgery. The purpose of this review was to understand the evidence base in this area to come up with practical, evidence-based recommendations. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We examined PubMed for all published articles on pregnancy in patients who have previously undergone a bariatric surgery. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: There is an increasing body of evidence pointing towards a beneficial effect of weight loss induced by bariatric surgery on female and male fertility prompting calls for recognition of infertility as a qualifying co-morbidity for patients between the BMI of 35...
June 16, 2017: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619692/a-randomized-trial-of-motivational-interviewing-and-facilitated-contraceptive-access-to-prevent-rapid-repeat-pregnancy-among-adolescent-mothers
#7
Jack Stevens, Robyn Lutz, Ngozi Osuagwu, Dana Rotz, Brian Goesling
BACKGROUND: Most interventions designed to reduce teen pregnancy rates have not focused on pregnant and/or parenting adolescents. Therefore, a large randomized controlled trial was conducted regarding a motivational interviewing program entitled Teen Options to Prevent Pregnancy in a low income sample of adolescent mothers. This program recommended monthly sessions between a participant and a registered nurse over 18 months. This program also featured facilitated birth control access through transportation assistance and a part-time contraceptive clinic...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619391/pharmacists-attitudes-regarding-provision-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services
#8
Austin T Hilverding, Natalie A DiPietro Mager
OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to assess attitudes from Ohio pharmacists about contraceptive authority. Secondary objectives included determining pharmacists' perceptions of benefits, barriers, and preparedness for offering such services and examining attitudes about and experiences with other reproductive health topics to inform future research. METHODS: An anonymous 26-question Institutional Review Board-approved electronic survey was developed and distributed via Qualtrics to a random sample of 500 licensed pharmacists in Ohio...
June 12, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602789/age-associated-and-deslorelin-induced-declines-in-serum-anti-m%C3%A3-llerian-hormone-concentrations-in-female-cheetahs-acinonyx-jubatus
#9
Ned J Place, Adrienne E Crosier, Pierre Comizzoli, Jennifer B Nagashima, Holly Haefele, Anne Schmidt-Küntzel, Laurie L Marker
Anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) is widely used in human medicine to non-invasively estimate the size of the ovarian follicle reserve and to predict the ovarian response to gonadotropin stimulation in the context of assisted reproductive technologies (e.g., IVF). These applications of AMH testing have recently expanded to non-human mammals, with production animals, such as cows, goats and sheep being the primary focus of AMH research. However, few investigations have involved exotic species, and in particular carnivores...
June 8, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600755/a-review-of-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-the-female-perspective
#10
REVIEW
Jennifer L Bailey, Suzanne T Molino, Ana D Vega, Melissa Badowski
When taken consistently, pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) against human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) with once daily tenofovir disoproxil fumarate-emtricitabine (TDF-FTC) has been shown to safely reduce the incidence of HIV infection in high-risk individuals by more than 90%. Yet, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, there were about 2.1 million new cases of HIV reported worldwide in 2015. Undoubtedly, there is significant room for improvement to prevent the transmission of HIV. Research to date has been heavily focused on the high-risk men who have sex with men (MSM) population, yet, many women worldwide remain at high risk of HIV transmission...
June 9, 2017: Infectious Diseases and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598795/determination-of-reference-intervals-for-urinary-steroid-profiling-using-a-newly-validated-gc-ms-ms-method
#11
Wilhelmina H A de Jong, Edward Buitenwerf, Alle T Pranger, Ineke J Riphagen, Bruce H R Wolffenbuttel, Michiel N Kerstens, Ido P Kema
BACKGROUND: Urinary steroid profiling (USP) is a powerful diagnostic tool to asses disorders of steroidogenesis. Pre-analytical factors such as age, sex and use of oral contraceptive pills (OCP) may affect steroid hormone synthesis and metabolism. In general, USP reference intervals are not adjusted for these variables. In this study we aimed to establish such reference intervals using a newly-developed and validated gas chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry detection method (GC-MS/MS)...
June 9, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597617/iron-monitoring-of-male-and-female-rugby-sevens-players-over-an-international-season
#12
Anthea C Clarke, Judith M Anson, Christine E Dziedzic, Warren A McDonald, David B Pyne
BACKGROUND: Given the likely influence that high training loads, contact-induced haemolysis and female-specific requirements have on the incidence of iron deficiency, characterising the direction and magnitude of fluctuations in iron status over an international season is important for managing player health and physical performance in rugby sevens. METHODS: Australian national male (n=27) and female (n=23) rugby sevens players undertook blood tests at pre-season, mid-season, and end-season...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596097/menstrual-cycle-vocal-performance-and-laryngeal-vascular-appearance-an-observational-study-on-17-subjects
#13
Hagit Shoffel-Havakuk, Narin N Carmel-Neiderman, Doron Halperin, Yael Shapira Galitz, Dan Levin, Yaara Haimovich, Oded Cohen, Jean Abitbol, Yonatan Lahav
OBJECTIVE: To assess the anatomical and functional features of the vocal folds during different phases of the female menstrual cycle. METHODS: An observational study of 17 healthy fertile female volunteers not using hormonal contraception was carried out. Each volunteer underwent two examinations: first, during the early days of the menstrual cycle when progesterone levels are low (p-depletion), and second, during premenstruation when progesterone levels are high (p-peak)...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593057/clomiphene-associated-inferior-stemi-in-a-young-female-due-to-right-coronary-artery-dissection
#14
Feras Husain Abuzeyad, Eltigani Seedahmed Ibnaouf, Mudhaffar Al Farras
Nonatherosclerotic spontaneous coronary artery dissection (NA-SCAD) is an uncommon cause of myocardial infarction. It most commonly affects females in the perimenopausal age. NA-SCAD has been associated with many predisposing factors including pregnancy and hormonal therapy for both contraception and ovulation induction. The presented case is a previously healthy 41-year-old woman diagnosed with inferior ST-elevation myocardial infarction due to right descending coronary artery dissection associated with recent use of clomiphene monotherapy for ovulation induction (a previously fertile woman), which was not previously reported...
2017: Case Reports in Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591375/-barriers-to-the-search-for-female-sterilization-among-women-in-the-bolsa-fam%C3%A3-lia-program
#15
Marion Teodósio de Quadros, Giselle Maria Nanes Correia Dos Santos
Poor women in the Bolsa Família program are accused of having more children in order to enroll or remain in the program. In an ethnographic study (2012-2014), we analyzed reports by five beneficiaries of the program and found exactly the opposite. The women reported that they had gone to public health services in Recife, Pernambuco State, Brazil, in hopes of avoiding more children, but that they had encountered various obstacles. Such barriers included difficulties in obtaining reversible contraception and restrictions in the supply of sterilization in these services, which increases the demand for cesarean sections...
June 1, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588554/female-reproductive-factors-and-differentiated-thyroid-cancer
#16
REVIEW
Mariacarla Moleti, Giacomo Sturniolo, Maria Di Mauro, Marco Russo, Francesco Vermiglio
Differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) is markedly more common in women than men, the highest female-to-male ratio being recorded during the reproductive period. This evidence has led to the suggestion that female hormonal and reproductive factors may account for the observed DTC gender disparity. This review focuses on current evidence on the risk of DTC in conjunction with major female reproductive factors, including the impact of pregnancy on DTC occurrence and progression/recurrence. Overall, studies exploring the link between the risk of DTC and menstrual and menopausal factors, oral contraceptives and/or hormone replacement therapy, showed these associations, if any, to be generally weak...
2017: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587619/contraceptive-practices-among-married-women-of-reproductive-age-in-bangladesh-a-review-of-the-evidence
#17
REVIEW
Fauzia Akhter Huda, Yolande Robertson, Sabiha Chowdhuri, Bidhan Krishna Sarker, Laura Reichenbach, Ratana Somrongthong
BACKGROUND: Bangladesh has experienced a sevenfold increase in its contraceptive prevalence rate (CPR) in less than forty years from 8% in 1975 to 62% in 2014. However, despite this progress, almost one-third of pregnancies are still unintended which may be attributed to unmet need for family planning and discontinuation and switching of methods after initiation of their use. METHODS: We conducted an extensive literature review on contraceptive use among married women of reproductive age (MWRA) in Bangladesh...
June 6, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580069/granulomatous-mastitis-in-a-transgender-patient
#18
Kenny Q Sam, Frederick J Severs, Lilian O Ebuoma, Nagi S Chandandeep, Emily L Sedgwick
Granulomatous mastitis is a rare and benign inflammatory condition of the breast most commonly affecting women of child-bearing age as well as patients on oral contraceptives. This condition is important to identify due to its diagnostic mimicry of malicious entities such as breast carcinoma. Clinical and radiological findings are nonspecific and may overlap with breast carcinomas, thus pathologic confirmation is often necessary for definitive diagnosis. Although cases of granulomatous mastitis have been described in cisgender females, there have been no reported cases in the transgender patient, a growing patient population with few imaging guidelines...
February 2017: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577526/unplanned-pregnancy-risks-and-use-of-emergency-contraception-a-survey-of-two-nigerian-universities
#19
Anthony Idowu Ajayi, Ezebunwa Ethelbert Nwokocha, Oladele Vincent Adeniyi, Daniel Ter Goon, Wilson Akpan
BACKGROUND: The vulnerabilities of young women of low socio-economic status and those with little or no formal education tend to dominate the discourse on unplanned pregnancy, unsafe abortion and emergency contraception (EC) in sub-Saharan Africa. This article draws on a survey conducted among female undergraduate students to shed light on sexual behaviour and the dynamics of emergency contraceptive use among this cohort. METHODS: The survey involved 420 female undergraduate students drawn using a multistage sampling technique, while a self-administered questionnaire was used for data collection...
June 2, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577243/review-on-the-biological-mechanisms-associated-with-depo-provera-and-hiv-1-risk-acquisition-in-women
#20
REVIEW
Funanani Takalani, Ndumiso N Mhlongo, Suri Moonsamy, Mahmoud E S Soliman
Women constitute more than 50% out of millions of individuals infected with HIV-1, the major causative agent of acquired immune deficiency syndrome. About 40% of HIV-1 infections have been reported to initiate in the female reproductive tract. However, the mechanisms through which these infections are spread are poorly understood; hence, there is now a major concern in women who use long acting injectable hormonal contraceptives, particularly Depo-Provera and an increase of HIV-1 risk acquisition. Based on literature, Depo-Provera has an affinity for both the glucocorticoid receptor and the progesterone receptor in the female reproductive tract...
June 3, 2017: Cell Biochemistry and Biophysics
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