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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28108026/parity-infertility-oral-contraceptives-and-hormone-replacement-therapy-and-the-risk-of-ovarian-serous-borderline-tumors-a-nationwide-case-control-study
#1
Emma L Kaderly Rasmussen, Charlotte Gerd Hannibal, Christian Dehlendorff, Louise Baandrup, Jette Junge, Russell Vang, Robert J Kurman, Susanne K Kjaer
OBJECTIVE: Few studies have examined the risk of an ovarian serous borderline tumor (SBT) associated with parity, infertility, oral contraceptives (OCs), or hormone replacement therapy (HRT), which was the study aim. METHODS: This nationwide case-control study included all women with an SBT diagnosis in Denmark, 1978-2002. SBTs were confirmed by centralized expert pathology review. For each case, 15 age-matched female controls were randomly selected using risk-set sampling...
January 17, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107821/effects-of-a-single-20%C3%A2-mg-dose-of-letrozole-on-ovarian-function-post-dominant-follicle-selection-an-exploratory-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
H C M Allaway, D R Chizen, G P Adams, R A Pierson
BACKGROUND: Our objective was to explore the impact of a single dose of an aromatase inhibitor (letrozole) administered at defined times of the follicular phase or immediately after ovulation on dominant follicle development, luteogenesis and new follicle wave emergence. METHODS: A prospective pilot study using a randomized complete block, controlled, open label design was conducted at an academic clinical research center. Forty-five healthy, female volunteers (25...
January 21, 2017: Journal of Ovarian Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107371/sexual-reproductive-health-needs-and-rights-of-young-people-in-slum-areas-of-kampala-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Andre M N Renzaho, Joseph K Kamara, Nichole Georgeou, Gilbert Kamanga
BACKGROUND: Young people in Uganda face various sexual and reproductive health risks, especially those living in urban slums. The aim of this study was to examine factors associated with comprehensive categories of sexual and reproductive health, including sexual behaviours; sexual education and access to contraceptive services; family planning; prevention of STDs; sexual consent as a right; gender based violence; as well as HIV testing, counselling, disclosure and support. METHODS: The study was cross-sectional in design and was carried out in July 2014 in Makindye and Nakawa Divisions of Kampala City, Uganda...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103896/sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-utilization-by-female-sex-workers-is-context-specific-results-from-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-india-kenya-mozambique-and-south-africa
#4
Yves Lafort, Ross Greener, Anuradha Roy, Letitia Greener, Wilkister Ombidi, Faustino Lessitala, Jolene Skordis-Worrall, Mags Beksinska, Peter Gichangi, Sushena Reza-Paul, Jenni A Smit, Matthew Chersich, Wim Delva
BACKGROUND: Female sex workers (FSWs) are extremely vulnerable to adverse sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes. To mitigate these risks, they require access to services covering not only HIV prevention but also contraception, cervical cancer screening and sexual violence. To develop context-specific intervention packages to improve uptake, we identified gaps in service utilization in four different cities. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted, as part of the baseline assessment of an implementation research project...
January 19, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103891/a-mixed-methods-assessment-of-barriers-to-maternal-newborn-and-child-health-in-gogrial-west-south-sudan
#5
Lynn Lawry, Covadonga Canteli, Tahina Rabenzanahary, Wartini Pramana
BACKGROUND: Health conditions for mothers, newborns, and children in South Sudan are among the worst worldwide. South Sudan has the highest rate of maternal mortality in the world and despite alarming statistics, few women and children in South Sudan have access to needed healthcare, especially in rural areas. The purpose of this study was to understand the barriers to maternal, newborn and child health in Gogrial West, Warrap State, South Sudan, one of the most underdeveloped states...
January 19, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101307/review-and-recommendations-on-management-of-adult-female-thalassemia-patients-with-hypogonadism-based-on-literature-review-and-experience-of-icet-a-network-specialists
#6
REVIEW
Vincenzo De Sanctis, Ashraf T Soliman, Heba Elsedfy, Alice Albu, Soad Al Jaouni, Salvatore Anastasi, Maria Grazia Bisconte, Duran Canatan, Soteroula Christou, Shahina Daar, Salvatore Di Maio, Mohamed El Kholy, Doaa Khater, Mohamed Elshinawy, Yurdanur Kilinc, Roberto Mattei, Hala H Mosli, Alessandra Quota, Maria Grazia Roberti, Praveen Sobti, Saif Al Yaarubi, Saveria Canpisi, Christos Kattamis
BACKGROUND: Multi-transfused thalassemia major (TM) patients frequently develop severe endocrine complications, mainly due to iron overload, anemia, and chronic liver disease, which require prompt diagnosis, treatment and follow-up by specialists. The most common endocrine complication documented is hypogonadotropic hypogonadism which increases with age and associated comorbidities. It is thus important for physicians to have a clear understanding of the pathophysiology and management of this disorder...
2017: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092783/pulmonary-emboli-cardiac-arrest-with-cpr-complication-liver-laceration-and-massive-abdominal-bleed-a-case-report
#7
John Lundqvist, Jan G Jakobsson
INTRODUCTION: Massive pulmonary emboli may cause right ventricular failure and backward stasis with parenchymal organ swelling thus increasing the risk for laceration, e.g. if CPR is needed. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 28-year-old Colombian female with no medical history but taking contraceptive pills and having had a recent longer flight was admitted to Danderyds hospital Emergency Department because of respiratory failure. She developed cardiac arrest in the emergence department following the emergent diagnosis of pulmonary emboli...
January 3, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092212/systemic-medications-used-in-treatment-of-common-dermatological-conditions-safety-profile-with-respect-to-pregnancy-breast-feeding-and-content-in-seminal-fluid
#8
S M Brown, K A Aljefri, R Waas, P J Hampton
: Prescribing for pregnant or lactating patients and male patients wishing to father children can be a difficult area for dermatologists. There is a lack of review articles of commonly used systemic medications in dermatology with respect to their effects on developing embryogenesis and their potential transfer across the placenta, in breast milk and in seminal fluid. This paper aims to provide an up to date summary of evidence to better equip dermatologists to inform patients about the effects of systemic medications commonly used in dermatology to treat conditions such as atopic dermatitis, psoriasis and acne, on current and future embryogenesis and fertility...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090005/unstable-angina-pectoris-in-a-22-year-old-female-patient
#9
Hanae Yoshimura, Toyoharu Oba, Takanobu Nagata, Eita Kumagai, Naoki Itaya, Naohiro Yoshikawa, Daiki Akagaki, Hideki Ohshima, Michihide Nishihara, Takafumi Ueno, Yoshihiro Fukumoto
Because of the protective effect of estrogen for atherosclerosis, the prevalence of acute coronary syndrome in women before menopause is low. We report a rare case of unstable angina in a young Japanese female who had a history of cigarette smoking and contraceptive use. Her coronary stenosis was successfully treated by percutaneous coronary intervention.
January 16, 2017: Kurume Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088497/offering-the-full-range-of-contraceptive-options-a-survey-of-interest-in-vasectomy-training-in-the-us-family-planning-community
#10
Brian T Nguyen, Andrea L Jochim, Grace H Shih
OBJECTIVE: To assess current practices regarding female and male sterilization counseling and provision, as well as determine interest in providing vasectomy among family planning specialists. METHODS: Members of the US-based network of family planning fellowship physicians (current fellows, graduates and faculty) received a Web-based survey from November 2015 through January 2016 regarding current sterilization preferences and practices, as well as interest in obtaining training in vasectomy counseling and procedure...
January 11, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088438/a-snapshot-of-urban-adolescent-women-s-contraceptive-knowledge-at-the-onset-of-a-community-larc-promotion-initiative
#11
K B Greenberg, S C Jenks, N G Piazza, B R Malibiran, C A Aligne
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To contextualize young women's knowledge and attitudes regarding contraception at the outset of an intervention promoting long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARC) for teen pregnancy prevention. DESIGN: and Setting: Our intervention is based on diffusion of innovation theory, and at the outset we were interested in likely early adopters' existing knowledge and attitudes towards contraception. This mixed methods study consists of focus groups within positive youth development programs in Rochester, New York; we discussed young women's knowledge and sources of information for all FDA-approved contraceptive methods...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087972/lack-of-effect-of-oral-cabotegravir-on-the-pharmacokinetics-of-a-levonorgestrel-ethinyl-estradiol-containing-oral-contraceptive-in-healthy-adult-females
#12
C Trezza, S L Ford, E Gould, Y Lou, C Huang, J M Ritter, A M Buchanan, W Spreen, P Patel
AIM(S): This study aimed to investigate whether cabotegravir (CAB), an integrase inhibitor in development for treatment and prevention of HIV-1, influences the pharmacokinetics (PK) of a levonorgestrel (LNG) and ethinyl estradiol (EE)-containing oral contraceptive (OC) in healthy women. METHODS: In this open-label, fixed-sequence crossover study, healthy female subjects received LNG 0.15 mg/EE 0.03 mg tablet once daily Days 1-10 alone and with oral CAB 30 mg once daily Days 11-21...
January 14, 2017: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076614/association-between-asthma-and-female-sex-hormones
#13
Raquel Prudente de Carvalho Baldaçara, Ivaldo Silva
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The relationship between sex hormones and asthma has been evaluated in several studies. The aim of this review article was to investigate the association between asthma and female sex hormones, under different conditions (premenstrual asthma, use of oral contraceptives, menopause, hormone replacement therapy and pregnancy). DESIGN AND SETTING: Narrative review of the medical literature, Universidade Federal do Tocantins (UFT) and Universidade Federal de São Paulo (Unifesp)...
January 5, 2017: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076534/absorption-and-metabolization-of-sex-hormones-and-their-transformation-into-contraceptive-technologies-the-paths-taken-by-medical-thought-in-brazil
#14
Claudia Bonan, Luiz Antonio Teixeira, Andreza Rodrigues Nakano
The article analyses knowledge assimilation and the development of clinical and research practices relating to sex hormones among Brazilian gynaecologists. It discusses the paths taken by medical thought from the reception of the hormones to their transformation into contraceptives. Our objective is to comprehend styles of introducing and disseminating medical technologies in the area of reproductive health in Brazil. It uses methods of historical analysis and takes as its source the Anais Brasileiros de Ginecologia, a journal published between 1936 and 1970...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076528/the-brief-life-of-norplant%C3%A2-in-brazil-controversies-and-reassemblages-between-science-society-and-state
#15
Ana Cristina de Lima Pimentel, Cláudia Bonan Jannotti, Paula Gaudenzi, Luiz Antonio da Silva Teixeira
Norplant® is the brand name of the world's first registered subdermal hormonal contraceptive implant, developed by the laboratories of the Population Council, an international organisation working in the area of fertility and population growth. The article revisits the trajectory of this contraceptive in Brazil from its arrival through clinical trials to its eventual ban in 1986 by the Brazilian regulatory agency responsible for approving medications at the time. Its circulation generated controversies related to research practices, side effects and political uses of the drug as a birth control method...
January 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074980/-implications-of-chilean-legal-framework-in-teen-pregnancy-prevention-conflict-and-insecurity-in-health-professionals
#16
Carolina Luttges D, Carolina Leyton M, Ingrid Leal F, Paulina Troncoso E, Temístocles Molina G
BACKGROUND: Teenage pregnancy is a psychosocial and multifactorial problem described as a lack of exercise of rights in sexual and reproductive health. There are important aspects in the doctor-patient relationship and confidentiality that directly affect the continuity and quality of care. There are controversies in the laws relating to the provision of contraception and confidentiality, and those that protect the sexual indemnity, especially in adolescents under 14 years. AIM: To describe the implications of the legal framework for professional midwives in the care of adolescents younger than 14 years in sexual and reproductive health...
October 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069897/impact-of-estrogen-receptor-%C3%AE-gene-and-oxytocin-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-on-female-sexuality
#17
Anastasia K Armeni, Konstantinos Assimakopoulos, Dimitra J Marioli, Vasiliki Koika, Eftychia Michailidou, Niki Mourtzi, Gregoris Iconomou, Neoklis A Georgopoulos
Over the past decades, research attention has increasingly been paid to the neurobiological component of sexual behaviour. The aim of the present study was to investigate the correlation of estrogen receptor α (ERα) gene polymorphism (rs2234693-PvuII) (T→C substitution) and oxytocin receptor gene polymorphism (rs53576) (G→A substitution) with sexuality parameters of young, healthy women. One hundred thirty-three Greek heterosexual women, students in higher education institutions, 20-25 years of age, sexually active, with normal menstrual cycles (28-35 days), were recruited in the study...
January 9, 2017: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069493/-just-wear-dark-underpants-mainly-learning-from-adolescents-and-young-adults-experiences-with-early-discontinuation-of-the-contraceptive-implant
#18
Britt Lunde, Lisa Littman, Samantha Stimmel, Rima Rana, Adam Jacobs, Carol R Horowitz
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Long acting reversible contraception, including the contraceptive implant, is recommended for teens and young women. However, some young women discontinue the implant early, and we seek to better understand their experiences. DESIGN: / Setting / Participants: We conducted interviews with 16 females ages 14 to 24 presenting for removal of the contraceptive implant within 6 months after placement at out-patient adolescent, family medicine and obstetrics and gynecology clinics...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058853/postpartum-adolescents-contraceptive-counselling-preferences
#19
Stephanie Sober, Judy A Shea, Allison G Shaber, Paul G Whittaker, Courtney A Schreiber
OBJECTIVES: The optimal approach for provision and timing of postpartum contraceptive counselling for adolescents has not been established. To reduce repeat pregnancies from current USA levels of nearly 20%, a better understanding is needed of postpartum adolescent females' preferences regarding contraceptive counselling and delivery. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with 30 USA postpartum teens (97% Black) explored pregnancy prevention and contraceptive counselling...
January 6, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056842/sex-with-sweethearts-exploring-factors-associated-with-inconsistent-condom-use-among-unmarried-female-entertainment-workers-in-cambodia
#20
Siyan Yi, Sovannary Tuot, Pheak Chhoun, Khuondyla Pal, Chanrith Ngin, Kolab Chhim, Carinne Brody
BACKGROUND: Despite the success in promoting condom use in commercial relationships, condom use with regular, noncommercial partners remains low among key populations in Cambodia. This study explores factors associated inconsistent condom use with sweethearts among unmarried sexually active female entertainment workers (FEWs). METHODS: In 2014, the probability proportional to size sampling method was used to randomly select 204 FEWs from entertainment venues in Phnom Penh and Siem Reap for face-to-face interviews...
January 5, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
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