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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545268/-efficacy-and-impact-on-quality-of-life-of-different-drug-treatments-after-partial-resection-of-rectovaginal-endometriosis
#1
T Li, X X Xu, Y Dai, J J Zhang, J H Lang, J H Leng
Objective: To evaluate different postoperative medications as maintenance treatment for rectovaginal endometriosis (RVE) patients after conservative surgery. Methods: RVE patients who underwent transvaginal partial excision from January 2007 to September 2016 with regular outpatient follow-up were retrospectively screened. Those followed by a levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (LNG-IUS) insertion or oral contraceptive drospirenone/ethinylestradiol (DRSP/EE) 3 mg/30 μg administration were enrolled...
May 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538285/teenage-pregnancy-prevention-the-role-of-young-men
#2
Gabriela Vargas, Joshua Borus, Brittany M Charlton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Although teenage pregnancy is declining in many parts of the world, it remains associated with considerable social, health, and economic outcomes. Pregnancy prevention efforts focus primarily on young women, with minimal attention to young men. This review highlights recent literature pertaining to the role of young men in pregnancy prevention. RECENT FINDINGS: Young men have varying views on contraception as well as which partner(s) should be responsible for its use...
May 22, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533198/chlamydia-and-hiv-testing-contraception-advice-and-free-condoms-offered-in-general-practice-a-qualitative-interview-study-of-young-adults-perceptions-of-this-initiative
#3
Leah Ffion Jones, Ellie Ricketts, Katy Town, Claire Rugman, Donna Lecky, Kate Folkard, Anthony Nardone, Thomas Nathan Hartney, Cliodna McNulty
BACKGROUND: Opportunistic chlamydia screening is actively encouraged in English general practices. Based on recent policy changes, Public Health England piloted 3Cs and HIV in 2013-2014, integrating the offer of chlamydia testing with providing condoms, contraceptive information, and HIV testing (referred to as 3Cs and HIV) according to national guidelines. AIM: To determine young adults' opinions of receiving a broader sexual health offer of 3Cs and HIV at their GP practice...
May 22, 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529362/study-of-sexual-functioning-and-disorder-in-women-before-and-after-tubal-sterilization-tubectomy
#4
Shweta Patil Kunkeri, T S Sathyanarayana Rao, Chittaranjan Andrade
INTRODUCTION: Sexual relationship is a basis for mental health and continuity of the healthy generation. There are very few studies on the female sexual functioning, especially in India. Sterilization being the most common contraceptive method, sexual functioning in women undergoing this surgical intervention has not been adequately explored. Available studies have found conflicting results; some have reported that sterilization has positive effects on sexual functioning since anxiety of getting pregnant is abolished...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527670/vulvar-fibroepithelial-polyps-in-an-adolescent-female
#5
Jonathan Avila, Kathleen Nicol, Steven C Matson
BACKGROUND: Fibroepithelial polyps (FEPs) are benign tumors, of possibly hormone-dependent nature, found in the vulvovaginal region of women of reproductive age. CASE: A 15-year-old adolescent girl, on hormonal contraceptive therapy, who presented with multiple vulvar masses with histopathology consistent with FEP. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION: The spectrum of the morphology of FEPs may make their diagnosis challenging. We describe a rare presentation of vulvar fibroepithelial polyps in an adolescent girl on hormonal contraceptive therapy...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527064/treating-migraine-with-contraceptives
#6
Gianni Allais, Giulia Chiarle, Silvia Sinigaglia, Gisella Airola, Paola Schiapparelli, Fabiola Bergandi, Chiara Benedetto
At least 18% of women suffers from migraine. Clinically, there are two main forms of migraine: migraine with aura (MA) and migraine without aura (MO) and more than 50% of MO is strongly correlated to the menstrual cycle. The high prevalence of migraine in females, its correlation with the menstrual cycle and with the use of combined hormonal contraceptives (CHCs) suggest that the estrogen drop is implicated in the pathogenesis of the attacks. Although CHCs may trigger or worsen migraine, their correct use may even prevent or reduce some forms of migraine, like estrogen withdrawal headache...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524326/family-planning-knowledge-and-use-among-women-in-camps-for-internally-displaced-people-in-the-democratic-republic-of-the-congo
#7
Rogatien M Kisindja, Christophe Kimona, Modestine Etoy, Florby Dorme, Nerys Benfield
OBJECTIVE: To describe family planning awareness and needs among internally displaced women residing in the Mugunga camps in North Kivu, eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of women aged 14-45 years residing in the Mugunga camps was conducted during March 2014. The verbally administered survey assessed participants' obstetric history and their family planning knowledge, interest, and use. Descriptive statistics were obtained...
May 19, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524239/oral-contraceptive-pills-risky-or-protective-in-case-of-trichinella-spiralis-infection
#8
Marwa A Hasby Saad, Dina A Radi, Eiman A Hasby
AIM: to investigate how Trichinella spiralis infection can be affected by contraceptive pills invivo. METHODS: included six groups of female Wistar rats; healthy, Trichinella infected, receiving combined contraceptive pills (COCPs), receiving progestin only pills (POPs), infected receiving COCPs and infected receiving POPs. Parasite burden was measured (two gender worm counts, gravidity, larvae/muscle and RCI). Histopathological examination, immunohistochemical detection of C-kit mast cells & Foxp3+ T-reg...
May 19, 2017: Parasite Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524047/oestrogen-and-progesterone-receptor-in-melanoma-and-nevi-an-immunohistochemical-study
#9
Emi Dika, Pier Alessandro Fanti, Sabina Vaccari, Elisa Capizzi, Alessio Degiovanni, Agnese Gobbi, Bianca Maria Piraccini, Simone Ribero, Carlotta Baraldi, Giulia Maria Ravaioli, Michelangelo Fiorentino, Annalisa Patrizi
The effect of hormonal stimulation and fertility treatments, as well as their role in the development of malignant melanoma (MM), is still to be determined. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of oestrogen receptor alpha (ERα) and progesterone receptor (PR) in MM and nevi after hormonal stimulation. Immunohistochemical analyses were performed utilizing antibodies specifically directed against ERα and PR in MM and atypical nevi specimens from patients: (1) diagnosed during pregnancy, (2) diagnosed in the six months following delivery, or (3) who had undergone repetitive cycles of hormonal stimulation for in vitro fertilization in the year that preceded MM diagnosis...
May 19, 2017: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521061/extracellular-camp-activates-molecular-signalling-pathways-associated-with-sperm-capacitation-in-bovines
#10
Carlos Agustín I Alonso, Claudia E Osycka-Salut, Luciana Castellano, Andreína Cesari, Nicolás Di Siervi, Adrián Mutto, Anders Johannisson, Jane M Morrell, Carlos Davio, Silvina Perez-Martinez
STUDY QUESTION: Is extracellular cAMP involved in the regulation of signalling pathways in bovine sperm capacitation? SUMMARY ANSWER: Extracellular cAMP-induced sperm capacitation through the activation of different signalling pathways that involve phospholipase C (PLC), PKC/ERK1-2 signalling and an increase in sperm Ca2+ levels, as well as soluble AC and cAMP/protein kinase A (PKA) signalling. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In order to fertilize the oocyte, ejaculated spermatozoa must undergo a series of changes in the female reproductive tract, known as capacitation...
May 18, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511371/study-of-serum-total-psa-and-free-psa-as-an-oncological-marker-in-breast-tumour
#11
Elteza Tahjiba Jahir, Runi Devi, Bibhuti Bhushan Borthakur
INTRODUCTION: Breast Cancer (BC) cases are rising alarmingly all over the world and India is not an exception. This rising trend is due to an increased age at first child birth, decreased breast feeding, and the changing lifestyle mostly in urban India. With the advent of more sensitive methodologies and research works in this field, it has been suggested that Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of breast cancer besides other established tumour markers...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507119/regulation-of-the-sperm-calcium-channel-catsper-by-endogenous-steroids-and-plant-triterpenoids
#12
Nadja Mannowetz, Melissa R Miller, Polina V Lishko
The calcium channel of sperm (CatSper) is essential for sperm hyperactivated motility and fertility. The steroid hormone progesterone activates CatSper of human sperm via binding to the serine hydrolase ABHD2. However, steroid specificity of ABHD2 has not been evaluated. Here, we explored whether steroid hormones to which human spermatozoa are exposed in the male and female genital tract influence CatSper activation via modulation of ABHD2. The results show that testosterone, estrogen, and hydrocortisone did not alter basal CatSper currents, whereas the neurosteroid pregnenolone sulfate exerted similar effects as progesterone, likely binding to the same site...
May 15, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505062/relationships-between-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-scores-and-blood-pressure-in-young-adults
#13
Sunil K Bhat, Lawrence J Beilin, Monique Robinson, Sally Burrows, Trevor A Mori
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety are risk factors for cardiovascular disease, but their relationship to blood pressure (BP) is less clear. Age-related comorbidity and lifestyle factors may confound these relationships. This study aimed to assess the relationships among BP, depression and anxiety symptom scores and self-reported history of depression in young adults. METHOD: Data on 1014 participants aged 20 years from the Western Australian Cohort (Raine) Study were analyzed for cross-sectional associations between clinic BP and Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale questionnaire scores or a reported history of depression, accounting for relevant confounders...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499716/risk-based-questionnaires-fail-to-detect-adolescent-iron-deficiency-and-anemia
#14
Deepa L Sekhar, Laura E Murray-Kolb, Eric W Schaefer, Ian M Paul
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the predictive ability of screening questionnaires to identify adolescent women at high-risk for iron deficiency or iron deficiency anemia who warrant objective laboratory testing. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of 96 female individuals 12-21 years old seen at an academic medical center. Participants completed an iron deficiency risk assessment questionnaire including the 4 Bright Futures Adolescent Previsit Questionnaire anemia questions, along with depression, attention, food insecurity, and daytime sleepiness screens...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497386/oral-contraceptive-pill-use-and-the-susceptibility-to-markers-of-exercise-induced-muscle-damage
#15
K M Hicks, G Onambélé-Pearson, K Winwood, C I Morse
PURPOSE: Firstly, to establish whether oral contraceptive pill (OCP) users are more susceptible to muscle damage compared to non-users, and secondly, to establish whether differences can be attributed to differences in patella tendon properties. METHODS: Nine female OCP users and 9 female non-users participated in the investigation. Combining dynamometry, electromyography and ultrasonography, patella tendon properties and vastus lateralis architectural properties were measured pre and during the first of 6 sets of 12 maximal voluntary eccentric knee extensions...
May 11, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497376/application-of-electrospun-fibers-for-female-reproductive-health
#16
REVIEW
Anna K Blakney, Yonghou Jiang, Kim A Woodrow
Here, we present the current challenges in women's reproductive health and the current state-of-the-art treatment and prevention options for STI prevention, contraception, and treatment of infections. We discuss how the versatile platform of electrospun fibers can be applied to each challenge, and postulate at how these technologies could be improved. The void of approved electrospun fiber-based products yields the potential to apply this useful technology to a number of medical applications, many of which are relevant to women's reproductive health...
May 11, 2017: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494319/no-baby-booms-or-birth-sex-ratio-changes-following-fifty-shades-of-grey-in-the-united-states
#17
Victor Grech
INTRODUCTION: The Fifty Shades of Grey (FSOG) trilogy were publicised by the media as inflaming increased coital activity, and that this would result a baby boom. Furthermore, increased coital activity skews the sex ratio at birth (M/T) toward male births. This study was carried out in order to ascertain whether there were any spikes in total births or in M/T in the United States (US) circa nine months following the FSOG books. METHODS: Monthly male and female births for the US were obtained directly from the website of the Centre for Disease Control (01/2007-12/2015)...
May 8, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491234/knowledge-and-utilization-of-contraceptive-devices-among-unmarried-undergraduate-students-of-a-tertiary-institution-in-kano-state-nigeria-2016
#18
Zainab Datti Ahmed, Ibrahim Baffa Sule, Mohammed Lukman Abolaji, Yahaya Mohammed, Patrick Nguku
INTRODUCTION: Students in the universities mostly live independently from their parents or guardians, some of them for the first time. This gives them freedom and opportunity for high risk behavior such as unplanned and unprotected sex. The results of such sexual experimentation may include unplanned and or unwanted pregnancies that may lead to unsafe abortions and sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV/AIDS. Contraception has the potential to prevent unwanted pregnancies, abortion, and STIs...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479316/reference-intervals-for-plasma-concentrations-of-adrenal-steroids-measured-by-lc-ms-ms-impact-of-gender-age-oral-contraceptives-body-mass-index-and-blood-pressure-status
#19
Graeme Eisenhofer, Mirko Peitzsch, Denise Kaden, Katharina Langton, Christina Pamporaki, Jimmy Masjkur, George Tsatsaronis, Anastasios Mangelis, Tracy A Williams, Martin Reincke, Jacques W M Lenders, Stefan R Bornstein
BACKGROUND: Mass spectrometric-based measurements of the steroid metabolome have been introduced to diagnose disorders featuring abnormal steroidogenesis. Defined reference intervals are important for interpreting such data. METHODS: Liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry was used to establish reference intervals for 16 steroids (pregnenolone, progesterone, 11-deoxycorticosterone, corticosterone, aldosterone, 18-oxocortisol, 18-hydroxycortisol, 17-hydroxyprogesterone, 21-deoxycortisol, 11-deoxycortisol, cortisol, cortisone, dehydroepiandrosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate, androstenedione, testosterone) measured in plasma from 525 volunteers with (n=227) and without (n=298) hypertension, including 68 women on oral contraceptives...
May 4, 2017: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473617/the-relationship-between-area-deprivation-and-prescription-of-long-acting-reversible-contraception-in-women-of-reproductive-age-in-lothian-scotland-uk
#20
Catherine Rachel Morgan, Hanhua Liu
BACKGROUND: Reducing unplanned pregnancy in Scotland is a key government objective. Long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is a cost-effective way to reduce unintended pregnancy. Abortion and teenage pregnancy rates are highest in the most deprived areas. One possible explanation could be contraceptive prescribing inequality. This study examined the relationship between area deprivation measured by the Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation and LARC prescription. METHODS: Using Scottish electronic prescribing data from primary care and sexual and reproductive health clinics, this study analysed female Lothian residents with a valid postcode aged 16-49 years who received a contraceptive prescription from 1 April 2012 to 31 March 2014...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Family Planning and Reproductive Health Care
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