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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778585/surgical-sterilization-among-u-s-men-and-women-with-employer-based-insurance-a-claims-data-analysis
#1
Amir Ishaq Khan, Dattatraya Patil, Jennifer Fay Kawwass, Vitaly Zholudev, Akanksha Mehta
OBJECTIVE: To assess variability in the use of surgical sterilization among privately insured U.S. men and women. STUDY DESIGN: We queried the MarketScan Commercial Claims database using CPT, ICD9, and HCPCS codes to identify 658,509 individuals between 18-65years old (0.37% of total) who underwent male or female sterilization between 2009-2014. We examined annual trends using Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel test. We analyzed differences in age, geographic distribution, and family size using Wilcoxon sum-rank and generalized chi-squared tests...
May 17, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768459/use-of-modern-contraceptive-methods-and-its-association-with-qol-among-nepalese-female-migrants-living-in-japan
#2
Richa Shah, Junko Kiriya, Akira Shibanuma, Masamine Jimba
INTRODUCTION: Modern contraceptive use among migrants may be limited due to factors such as language barriers, socio-economic condition, and inadequate knowledge. Limited evidence is available on the factors associated with the use of modern contraceptive methods by migrants in Japan. Moreover, evidence remains scarce on the quality of life (QOL) of migrants in relation to contraceptive use. As the Nepalese migrant population in Japan is increasing, this study was conducted to address their sexual and reproductive health issues...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752924/emergency-contraception-supply-in-australian-pharmacies-after-the-introduction-of-ulipristal-acetate-a-mystery-shopping-mixed-methods-study
#3
Jack Charles Collins, Carl Richard Schneider, Rebekah Jane Moles
OBJECTIVE: To explore the supply of emergency contraception (EC) from Australian community pharmacies after the introduction of ulipristal acetate (UPA), and to explore pharmacists' knowledge, decision-making, attitudes, and beliefs surrounding supplying EC. STUDY DESIGN: A mixed-methods approach of mystery shopping with structured interview was employed. From August-November 2017, 20 pharmacy students mystery-shopped 10 community pharmacies in metropolitan Sydney, Australia, requesting "the morning after pill"...
May 9, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752836/effect-of-a-diagonal-intervention-on-uptake-of-hiv-and-reproductive-health-services-by-female-sex-workers-in-three-sub-saharan-african-cities
#4
Yves Lafort, Letitia Greener, Faustino Lessitala, Sophie Chabeda, Ross Greener, Mags Beksinska, Peter Gichangi, Sally Griffin, Jenni A Smit, Matthew Chersich, Wim Delva
OBJECTIVES: To enhance uptake of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) services by female sex workers (FSWs), we conducted an implementation study in which we piloted and tested context-specific 'diagonal' interventions, combining vertical, targeted interventions with horizontally improved access to the general health services, in three cities in sub-Saharan Africa. METHODS: We collected indicators of SRH service uptake through face-to-face interviews with approximately 400 FSWs, pre- and post-intervention, in Durban, South Africa; Tete, Mozambique; and Mombasa, Kenya, recruited by respondent-driven sampling...
May 12, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750317/mycophenolate-mofetil-for-sustained-remission-in-nephrotic-syndrome
#5
Uwe Querfeld, Lutz T Weber
The clinical application of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) has significantly widened beyond the prophylaxis of acute and chronic rejections in solid organ transplantation. MMF has been recognized as an excellent treatment option in many immunologic glomerulopathies. For children with frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome (FRNS) or steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome (SDNS) experiencing steroid toxicity, MMF has been recommended as a steroid-sparing drug. Uncontrolled studies in patients with FRNS and SDSN have shown that many patients can achieve sustained remission of proteinuria with MMF monotherapy...
May 11, 2018: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747158/delayed-return-to-estrus-following-treatment-with-the-gonadotrophin-releasing-hormone-agonist-lucrin-%C3%A2-depot-in-the-tammar-wallaby
#6
Ryan R Witt, Lyn A Hinds, John C Rodger
Gonadotrophin-releasing hormone agonists that induce a reversible contraceptive state in several marsupials have the potential to be used to synchronize estrus. We used a model macropod, the tammar wallaby (Notamacropus eugenii), to investigate whether Lucrin Depot (AbbVie), a GnRH agonist microsphere preparation, could (1) inhibit follicular development and estrus in a cycle reactivated by removal of pouch young (RPY) and (2) facilitate a synchronous return to estrus. Our results show that females reactivated with bromocriptine and RPY in early seasonal quiescence (July 2015) were inhibited by Lucrin Depot (0...
April 30, 2018: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744948/presynaptic-inhibition-decreases-when-estrogen-level-rises
#7
M A Hoffman, J R Doeringer, M F Norcross, S T Johnson, P E Chappell
The objective was to determine estrogen's influence on control of a skeletal muscle through measurements of motorneuron excitability (H:M ratio) and presynaptic inhibition (PI). Estrogen serum concentrations were measured at menses and ovulation of female subjects and compared to male controls. Data was analyzed from 12 females and 13 males reporting no history of knee ligament injury. Females reported regular menstrual cycles and no hormone-based contraceptive use for the previous year. Females were tested at menses (Time1) and ovulation (Time2)...
May 9, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731234/effective-contraception-use-by-usual-source-of-care-an-opportunity-for-prevention
#8
Martina T Caldwell, Hwajung Choi, Phillip Levy, Vanessa K Dalton, Dawn Phillips Misra
INTRODUCTION: Women using emergency departments (ED) or urgent care facilities for their usual care may lack access to contraception. This study examined the relationship between effectiveness of current contraception use (highly effective/effective methods vs. less effective/no method) and usual source of care in the clinic (referent group), urgent care, ED or none among U.S. reproductive-aged females at risk for unintended pregnancy. METHODS: Using the National Survey of Family Growth, we conducted logistic regression analyses using pooled, as well as age- and insurance-stratified data...
May 3, 2018: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726056/evaluation-of-compliance-with-isotretinoin-ppp-recommendations-and-exploration-of-reasons-for-non-compliance-survey-among-french-speaking-health-care-professionals-and-patients-in-belgium
#9
Mélanie Lelubre, Jamila Hamdani, Christelle Senterre, Karim Amighi, Marion Peres, Marie-Paule Schneider, Olivier Bugnon, Carine De Vriese
PURPOSE: To evaluate awareness of and compliance in Belgium by French-speaking health care professionals and patients with the isotretinoin safety recommendations regarding its teratogenic risk. METHOD: Survey using online questionnaires, delivered from December 2014 to March 2015 for patients, pharmacists, dermatologists, and GPs and delivered again from September 2015 to October 2015 for GPs. RESULTS: Questionnaires were completed by 24 dermatologists, 24 GPs, 58 pharmacists, and 33 female patients...
May 3, 2018: Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724181/high-pregnancy-incidence-and-low-contraceptive-use-among-a-prospective-cohort-of-female-entertainment-and-sex-workers-in-phnom-penh-cambodia
#10
Putu Duff, Jennifer L Evans, Ellen S Stein, Kimberly Page, Lisa Maher
BACKGROUND: While HIV and unintended pregnancies are both occupational risks faced by female sex workers, the epidemiology of pregnancy and its drivers in this population remains understudied. This includes Cambodia, where the drivers of pregnancy among female entertainment and sex workers (FESW) remain unknown. The current study aimed to examine factors associated with incident pregnancy, as well as describe contraceptive use among FESW in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. METHODS: This analysis drew from the Young Women's Health Study (YWHS)-2, a 12-month observational cohort of 220 FESW aged 15-29 years, conducted between August 2009 and August 2010...
May 3, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723658/common-risk-factors-of-dry-socket-alveolitis-osteitis-following-dental-extraction-a-brief-narrative-review
#11
Vahid Rakhshan
Dry socket is a common complication of dental extraction, especially extraction of third molars. Knowledge of the frequent risk factors of alveolitis osteitis is useful in determining high-risk patients, treatment planning, and preparing the patients mentally. The aim of this narrative review was to summarize the common risk factors of dry socket. A bibliographic search was carried out to find literature regarding risk factors of dry socket after tooth extraction. Each full article or abstract was read at least twice, and the relevant information was summarized...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721490/impact-of-a-diagonal-intervention-on-uptake-of-sexual-and-reproductive-health-services-by-female-sex-workers-in-mozambique-a-mixed-methods-implementation-study
#12
Yves Lafort, Faustino Lessitala, Malica Sofia Ismael de Melo, Sally Griffin, Matthew Chersich, Wim Delva
Background: Female sex workers (FSWs) have high risks for adverse sexual and reproductive health (SRH) outcomes, yet low access to services. Within an implementation research project enhancing uptake of SRH services by FSWs, we piloted a "diagonal" intervention, which combined strengthening of FSW-targeted services (vertical) with making public health facilities more FSW-friendly (horizontal), and tested its effect. Methods: The study applied a convergent parallel mixed-methods design to assess changes in access to SRH services...
2018: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719219/deriving-a-clinical-prediction-rule-to-target-sexual-healthcare-to-women-attending-british-general-practices
#13
N L Edelman, J A Cassell, C H Mercer, S A Bremner, C I Jones, A Gersten, R O deVisser
Some women attending General Practices (GPs) are at higher risk of unintended pregnancy (RUIP) and sexually transmitted infections (STI) than others. A clinical prediction rule (CPR) may help target resources using psychosocial questions as an acceptable, effective means of assessment. The aim was to derive a CPR that discriminates women who would benefit from sexual health discussion and intervention. Participants were recruited to a cross-sectional survey from six GPs in a city in South-East England in 2016...
April 29, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717352/17%C3%AE-ethinylestradiol-and-17%C3%AE-estradiol-removal-from-a-secondary-urban-wastewater-using-an-rbc-treatment-system
#14
R Maurício, R Dias, V Ribeiro, S Fernandes, A C Vicente, M I Pinto, J P Noronha, L Amaral, P Coelho, A P Mano
The presence of micropollutants that include endocrine-disrupting compounds (EDC) in aquatic environments is currently one of the most relevant aspects of water quality due to their adverse effects on aquatic organisms and human health. From the several categories of EDC, 17β-estradiol (E2) is a natural hormone, which is prevalent in vertebrates, associated with the female reproductive system and maintenance of the sexual characters. 17α-Ethinylestradiol (EE2) is a synthetic hormone produced from the natural hormone E2 and is an essential component of oral contraceptives...
May 2, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710691/beta-estradiol-and-ethinylestradiol-enhance-rbc-deformability-dependent-on-their-blood-concentration
#15
Paulo L Farber, Teresa Freitas, Carlota Saldanha, Ana Santos Silva-Herdade
BACKGROUND: Natural and synthetic estrogens seems to have opposite effects on thrombosis and female cardiovascular system, since natural estrogen was supposed to be protective against cardiovascular diseases and synthetic estrogen has been related to thrombosis and cardiovascular diseases. In this work we have investigated if these differences could be related with the effects on those hormones on some hemorheological parameters. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work was to investigate the hemorheological changes of different concentrations of beta-estradiol and ethinylestradiol, on RBC aggregation and RBC deformability...
April 14, 2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709485/endometriosis-surgery-and-preservation-of-fertility-what-surgeons-should-know
#16
H Roman
Colorectal surgeons often participate in the multidisciplinary management of young females with endometriosis. Complications of endometriosis as well as its management often result in infertility since they can involve all pelvic organs including the procreative organs: uterus, ovaries and fallopian tubes. Complete excision of all endometriotic lesions should not be performed at the expense of irreversible destruction of the procreative organs; definitive infertility should not be the price to pay in order to obtain an improvement of the painful symptoms caused by endometriosis...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Visceral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707693/catsper-a-unique-calcium-channel-of-the-sperm-flagellum
#17
Polina V Lishko, Nadja Mannowetz
To overcome egg protective vestments and ensure successful fertilization, mammalian spermatozoa switch symmetrical progressive motility to a powerful, whip-like flagellar motion, known as hyperactivation. The latter is triggered by a calcium influx through the sperm-specific, voltage-dependent, and alkalization-activated calcium channel of sperm - CatSper. The channel comprises nine subunits which together form a heteromeric complex. CatSper-deficient male mice and men with mutations in CatSper genes are infertile...
April 2018: Current Opinion in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705576/estradiol-moderates-the-relationship-between-state-trait-anxiety-and-attentional-bias-to-threat-in-women
#18
Bronwyn M Graham, Geena Shin
Anxiety disorders are characterized by impaired fear extinction and heightened attentional allocation to threatening stimuli. The sex hormones estradiol and progesterone modulate fear extinction in female rats and women; whether these hormones are similarly related to attentional biases to threat has not been examined. In the present study 74 women (53 cycling, 21 using hormonal contraception), and a comparison group of 30 men, completed standard assessments of state-trait anxiety, as well symptoms of depression, anxiety and stress, followed by a computerized assessment of attentional bias, the dot-probe task...
April 22, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702082/multiple-contraceptive-method-use-and-prevalence-of-fertility-awareness-based-method-use-in-the-united-states-2013-2015
#19
Chelsea B Polis, Rachel K Jones
OBJECTIVES: Contraceptive prevalence in the United States is typically calculated according to the most effective method of contraception reported. This could theoretically underestimate the number of women using fertility-awareness based methods (FABMs), including those who use other methods (e.g., condoms) during the fertile window, but the extent of any such underestimation has not been assessed. STUDY DESIGN: We used data from the 2013-2015 National Survey of Family Growth to examine the extent to which women report use of an FABM alone or with other methods...
April 24, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695218/female-participation-in-household-decision-making-and-the-justification-of-wife-beating-in-bangladesh
#20
Md Shahin Alam, Md Ismail Tareque, Evan D Peet, Md Mosfequr Rahman, Tanvir Mahmud
We examined female participation in household decision making and its association with the justification of wife beating in Bangladesh. We used nationally representative data from the 2014 Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey. Our sample consisted of currently married women of age 15 to 49 years ( n = 16,463). Chi-square tests and multilevel logistic regression models were performed. Approximately 84% of women in the survey were participants in at least one household decision, and 72% reported that wife beating is not justified in any circumstance...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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