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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817319/medicaid-reimbursement-for-the-female-condom
#1
Susan S Witte, Colleen MacPhee, Natalie Ginsburg, Neha Deshmukh
OBJECTIVES: To examine state-level female condom use through Medicaid from 2004 to 2014, because in 2010, the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) allowed for expanded Medicaid coverage in many states, extending requirements for contraceptive care to more of the poorest women in the United States and to most women with private insurance. METHODS: We collected data via brief survey of Medicaid offices in all 50 states between March 2015 and March 2016...
August 17, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815018/serum-complexed-and-free-prostate-specific-antigen-levels-are-lower-in-female-elite-athletes-in-comparison-to-control-women
#2
Emma Eklund, Eleftherios P Diamandis, Carla Muytjens, Sarah Wheeler, Anu Mathew, Martin Stengelin, Eli Glezer, Galina Nikolenko, Marshall D Brown, Yingye Zheng, Angelica Lindén Hirschberg
BACKGROUND: We hypothesize that prostate specific antigen (PSA), a protein that it is under regulation by androgens, may be differentially expressed in female elite athletes in comparison to control women. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 106 female athletes and 114 sedentary age-matched controls.  Serum from these women was analyzed for complexed prostate specific antigen (cPSA) and free prostate specific antigen (fPSA), by fifth generation assays with limits of detection of around 6 and 140 fg/mL, respectively...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813771/hepatic-adenoma-a-case-report
#3
Hasan H Turaihi, Thavam C Thambi-Pillai
Although liver lesions in the young population are relatively rare, clinicians can benefit from being familiar with a subset of common benign liver lesions which include hepatic adenoma, hepatic hemangioma, and focal nodular hyperplasia. This a case report of a 25-year-old Jehovah's Witness female on chronic oral contraception for polycystic ovarian syndrome who presented with progressive right upper quadrant abdominal pain. Ultrasound and MRI findings were consistent with hepatic adenoma. A description of her clinical work up followed by a brief description of the surgical intervention is discussed...
March 2017: South Dakota Medicine: the Journal of the South Dakota State Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810976/women-s-health-knowledge-and-skills-among-transitional-year-internship-trained-military-medical-officers-serving-as-independent-health-care-providers
#4
Ryan J Heitmann, Crystal B Hammons, Alison L Batig
BACKGROUND: Women comprise 14.5% of active duty service members. Delivery of women's health services is a critical component to personal, medical, and mission readiness. Our objective was to evaluate the knowledge, skills, and practices pertaining to basic elements of women's/reproductive health issues among transitional internship-trained general medical officers in the Army, Navy, and Air Force. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a cross-sectional survey study of transitional internship-trained graduates from 2012 to 2015 who transitioned to an operational assignment as an independent provider after internship graduation...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807160/treatment-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-for-female-infertility
#5
Dan Jiang, Lily Li, Bai-Yun Zeng
Female infertility is when a woman of reproductive age and sexual active, without contraception, cannot get pregnant after a year and more or keeps having miscarriages. Although conventional treatments for infertility such as hormone therapy, in vitro fertilization and many more, helped many female patients with infertility get pregnant during past a few decades, it is far from satisfactory with prolonging treatment time frames and emotional and financial burden. In recent years, more patients with infertile problems are seeking to alternative and complementary medicines to achieve a better outcome...
2017: International Review of Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800771/perceived-confidence-to-use-female-condoms-among-students-in-tertiary-institutions-of-a-metropolitan-city-southwestern-nigeria
#6
Taiwo A Obembe, Ayo S Adebowale, Kehinde O Odebunmi
BACKGROUND: Latex condoms for men have been documented to offer high efficacy as both a contraceptive and protection against sexually transmitted diseases. This equally establishes the importance of continued research on female condoms. This study aims to investigate the perceived confidence to use the female condoms amongst undergraduate female students from selected tertiary institutions from Ibadan Southwestern Nigeria. METHODS: The study was a descriptive cross-sectional survey involving 388 female undergraduate students selected through a multistage sampling technique...
August 11, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799272/results-of-a-national-multicenter-audit-assessment-of-gynecologic-history-in-surgical-patients
#7
Michael S J Wilson, Matilda Powell-Bowns, Andrew G Robertson, Andreas Luhmann, Colin H Richards
OBJECTIVE: To determine the adequacy of assessing gynecologic history for females of reproductive age (FRA) admitted to a general surgery department. METHODS: The present prospective multicenter audit included FRA who were admitted for elective or emergency procedures to general surgery departments in Scotland between May 11 and May 25, 2015. Data were compared between patients who were admitted for elective and emergency treatment. RESULTS: There were 530 FRA included from 18 centers, including 169 (31...
August 11, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795311/the-rise-of-female-sterilization-a-closer-look-at-colombia
#8
Beatriz M Folch, Sarah Betstadt, Dongmei Li, Natalie Whaley
Objective In the 1970s, OCPs and IUDs were the most popular contraceptive methods in Colombia. According to data from the most recent Demographic and Health Survey (DHS), sterilization has become the most common form of birth control in Colombia. This study aims to examine the characteristics of Colombian women desiring long-acting contraception. Methods This study uses the 2005 and 2010 Colombian DHS dataset. Women who choose long-acting contraception were divided into those using female sterilization and those using long-acting reversible contraception (LARC)...
August 9, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795111/data-describing-lack-of-effects-of-17%C3%AE-ethinyl-estradiol-on-mammary-gland-morphology-in-female-mice-exposed-during-pregnancy-and-lactation
#9
Charlotte D LaPlante, Laura N Vandenberg
Ethinyl estradiol (EE) is a synthetic estrogen used in pharmaceutical contraceptives. In many studies evaluating estrogenic endocrine disruptors, EE is used as a positive control for estrogenicity. However, the effects of EE often differ from the effects of other xenoestrogens, suggesting that these other compounds might act via distinct mechanisms. Reported here are data describing the effect of low doses of EE during pregnancy and lactation on the morphology of the lactating mammary gland in CD-1 mice. The data suggest that these low doses have few if any discernable effects on mammary gland morphology...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774749/sexual-and-reproductive-health-behaviors-and-experiences-reported-by-young-women-with-cystic-fibrosis
#10
Traci M Kazmerski, Gregory S Sawicki, Elizabeth Miller, Kelley A Jones, Kaleab Z Abebe, Lisa K Tuchman, Sigrid Ladores, Ronald C Rubenstein, Scott D Sagel, Daniel J Weiner, Joseph M Pilewski, David M Orenstein, Sonya Borrero
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of general and disease-specific sexual and reproductive health (SRH) concerns is unknown in the United States (U.S.) female CF population. This study aimed to describe and compare the SRH experiences and behaviors of young women with CF with the general U.S. POPULATION: HASH(0x5529b70) METHODS: Young women with CF ages 15-24years from five geographically diverse U.S. CF centers participated in a survey investigating SRH...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis: Official Journal of the European Cystic Fibrosis Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762119/-sexual-and-contraceptive-behaviour-of-young-people-throughout-the-decades-german-federal-centre-for-health-education-selected-survey-results-on-youth-sexuality
#11
REVIEW
Angelika Heßling, Heidrun Bode
The study Youth Sexuality 2015 by the German Federal Centre for Health Education (BZgA) makes clear the changes in the sexual and contraceptive behaviour of teenagers and young adults over the last 35 years. Among young Germans, we can see that there is now more gender similarity both with regard to the age at which intercourse first takes place, and in contraceptive behaviour. The proportion of those who take no contraceptive precautions when they have intercourse for the first time is now 6% among male German teenagers and 8% among female ones, a lower figure than ever previously recorded...
July 31, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761298/three-cases-of-autoimmune-progesterone-dermatitis
#12
Hye Rin You, Sook Jung Yun, Sung Jin Kim, Seung-Chul Lee, Young Ho Won, Jee-Bum Lee
Autoimmune progesterone dermatitis is a rare cyclic premenstrual reaction to progesterone produced during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. The clinical symptoms of autoimmune progesterone dermatitis overlap with other forms of dermatosis such as erythema multiforme, eczema, fixed drug eruption, urticaria, and angioedema. We experienced 3 cases of autoimmune progesterone dermatitis. All patients had a recurrent history of monthly skin eruptions. Skin lesions normally began a few days before menstruation and resolved a few days later...
August 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759402/access-to-emergency-contraception-after-removal-of-age-restrictions
#13
Tracey A Wilkinson, Porsche Clark, Sally Rafie, Aaron E Carroll, Elizabeth Miller
BACKGROUND: Levonorgestrel emergency contraception (EC) is safe and effective for postcoital pregnancy prevention. Starting in 2013, the US Food and Drug Administration removed age restrictions, enabling EC to be sold over the counter to all consumers. We sought to compare the availability and access for female adolescents with the 2012 study, using the same study design. METHODS: Female mystery callers posing as 17-year-old adolescents in need of EC used standardized scripts to telephone 979 pharmacies in 5 US cities...
July 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758023/strategies-to-improve-the-uptake-of-effective-contraception-in-perinatally-hiv-infected-adolescents
#14
EDITORIAL
Nadia Kancheva Landolt, Jullapong Achalapong, Pope Kosalaraksa, Witaya Petdachai, Chaiwat Ngampiyaskul, Stephen Kerr, Pongrak Boonyanurak, Jintanat Ananworanich, Torsak Bunupuradah
OBJECTIVE: To assess strategies to improve safe-sex practices in sexually active female adolescents living with HIV, through linking reproductive health (RH) care with HIV care. METHODS: A single arm, 48-week prospective study was conducted with 77 sexually active adolescents in five sites in Thailand. Guided RH education was carried out through video, brochures and individual counselling. Participants were offered free effective contraception (EC), in addition to a barrier method (dual contraception) versus barrier method only...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Virus Eradication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746373/zika-virus-preferentially-replicates-in-the-female-reproductive-tract-after-vaginal-inoculation-of-rhesus-macaques
#15
Timothy Carroll, Ming Lo, Marion Lanteri, Joseph Dutra, Katie Zarbock, Paola Silveira, Tracy Rourke, Zhong-Min Ma, Linda Fritts, Shelby O'Connor, Michael Busch, Christopher J Miller
Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-transmitted virus that can cause severe defects in an infected fetus. ZIKV is also transmitted by sexual contact, although the relative importance of sexual transmission is unclear. To better understand the role of sexual transmission in ZIKV pathogenesis, a nonhuman primate (NHP) model of vaginal transmission was developed. ZIKV was readily transmitted to mature cycling female rhesus macaque (RM) by vaginal inoculation with 104-106 plaque-forming units (PFU). However, there was variability in susceptibility between the individual RM with 1->8 vaginal inoculations required to establish infection...
July 2017: PLoS Pathogens
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743530/different-inhibitory-potential-of-sex-hormones-on-nnk-detoxification-in%C3%A2-vitro-a-possible-explanation-for-gender-specific-lung-cancer-risk
#16
Claudia Stapelfeld, Karolina-Theresa Neumann, Edmund Maser
Smoking women are probably at a higher risk to develop lung cancer than men. Different explanations exist for these findings, a gender-specific impairment of tobacco carcinogen metabolism being one of them. In this study, we examined the inhibition of NNK reduction to NNAL, the first and most important detoxication step of this tobacco-specific carcinogen. It is mediated by different carbonyl reductases of the SDR (CBR1 and 11βHSD1) and AKR (AKR1B10, AKR1C1, AKR1C2 and AKR1C4) superfamilies. Inhibition constants of NNK reduction were determined with male (testosterone) and female (estradiol, progesterone) sex hormones and the contraceptives ethinylestradiol and drospirenone in A549 cells and with purified enzymes...
July 22, 2017: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743297/identification-of-reference-mirnas-in-plasma-useful-for-the-study-of-oestrogen-responsive-mirnas-associated-with-acquired-protein-s-deficiency-in-pregnancy
#17
J W Tay, I James, Q W Hughes, J Y Tiao, R I Baker
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence indicate that circulating microRNAs (miRNAs) are useful independent non-invasive biomarkers, with unique miRNA signatures defined for various pathophysiological conditions. However, there are no established universal housekeeping miRNAs for the normalisation of miRNAs in body fluids. We have previously identified an oestrogen-responsive miRNA, miR-494, in regulating the anticoagulant, Protein S, in HuH-7 liver cells. Moreover, increased thrombotic risk associated with elevated circulating oestrogen levels is frequently observed in pregnant women and oral contraceptive users...
July 25, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742614/compression-socks-worn-during-flight-and-hemostatic-balance-in-boston-marathon-runners-on-oral-contraceptives
#18
Beth A Taylor, Amanda L Zaleski, Kevin D Ballard, Gregory A Panza, Antonio B Fernandez, Lauren Corso, Linda S Pescatello, Aaron L Baggish, Christopher Troyanos, Paul D Thompson
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of oral contraceptive (OC) use and compression socks on hemostatic activation in women flying cross-country to and from a marathon. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: 2015 Boston Marathon. PARTICIPANTS: Women were divided into non-OC using (CONTROL; n = 12), OC-using (OC; n = 15), and OC-using plus compression sock (OC + SOCK; n = 14) groups. INTERVENTION: Women in OC + SOCK wore compression socks during flights to and from the marathon...
July 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740959/idiopathic-granulomatous-mastitis-an-institutional-experience
#19
Seetharam Prasad, Padmapriya Jaiprakash, Aniket Dave, Deepti Pai
OBJECTIVE: To study idiopathic granulomatous mastitis with respect to its various clinical features, etiologic factors, treatment modalities and complications. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective study of all patients who were diagnosed with idiopathic granulomatous mastitis from 1(st) January 2006 to 31(st) December 2014 at Kasturba Hospital, Manipal, India (a tertiary care referral centre). The research was performed according to the World Medical Association Declaration of Helsinki...
2017: Turk J Surg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737591/hiv-incidence-and-predictors-of-hiv-acquisition-from-an-outside-partner-in-serodiscordant-couples-in-lusaka-zambia-1995-2012
#20
Dvora L Joseph Davey, Kristin M Wall, William Kilembe, Htee Khu Naw, Ilene Brill, Bellington Vwalika, Elwyn Chomba, Joseph Mulenga, Amanda Tichacek, Marjan Javanbakt, Pamina Gorbach, Susan Allen
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the incidence and predictors of HIV acquisition from outside partners in serodiscordant couples. METHODS: Demographic, behavioral, and clinical exposures were measured quarterly in a cohort of serodiscordant cohabiting couples in Zambia from 1995-2012 (n=3049). Genetic analysis classified incident infections as those acquired from the study partner (linked) or acquired from an outside partner (unlinked). Factors associated with time to unlinked HIV infection were evaluated using multivariable Cox proportional hazards regression stratified by gender...
July 4, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
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