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Tubal ligation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915483/factors-associated-with-sterilization-among-hiv-positive-us-women-in-an-urban-outpatient-clinic
#1
V T Raziano, A N Smoots, L B Haddad, K M Wall
This cross-sectional study sought to determine factors associated with sterilization among HIV-positive US women. HIV-positive women aged 18-45 completed an Audio Computer Assisted Self Interview (ACASI) questionnaire. Chi-square tests and multivariable logistic regression evaluated factors associated with sterilization. The median age of the 187 participants was 37, the majority had at least a high school education, and 88% were African American. Nearly a quarter (22%) of women had undergone sterilization at an average age of 25; of these women, 71% cited their HIV-positive status as an important factor in deciding to have a tubal ligation, 22% expressed desire for future children, 32% reported sterilization regret, and 20% reported feeling pressure to undergo sterilization...
December 4, 2016: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904563/the-risk-of-using-intrauterine-devices-to-benign-reproductive-system-conditions-in-postmenopausal-women-a-case-control-study
#2
Xiaohua Zhang, Liping Xiao, Haoping Zhu, Linan Cheng
BACKGROUND: To investigate the effect of using intrauterine devices (IUDs) during the fertile window on women's reproductive system health. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 2,744 postmenopausal women in the Minhang District, Shanghai, China were enrolled. In the IUDs group there were 2,253 women; in the tubal ligation group there were 202 women and there were 289 women in the control group. We selected subjects according to the cases number in different hospital by using step sampling, and, in addition, collected the sociological data and information of the previously used contraceptives by the subjects, which included whether the contraceptives were used appropriately and the effect they had...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895842/postoperative-outcome-of-caesarean-sections-and-other-major-emergency-obstetric-surgery-by-clinical-officers-and-medical-officers-in-malawi
#3
Garvey Chilopora, Caetano Pereira, Francis Kamwendo, Agnes Chimbiri, Eddie Malunga, Staffan Bergström
BACKGROUND: Clinical officers perform much of major emergency surgery in Malawi, in the absence of medical officers. The aim of this study was to validate the advantages and disadvantages of delegation of major obstetric surgery to non-doctors. METHODS: During a three month period, data from 2131 consecutive obstetric surgeries in 38 district hospitals in Malawi were collected prospectively. The interventions included caesarean sections alone and those that were combined with other interventions such as subtotal and total hysterectomy repair of uterine rupture and tubal ligation...
September 2016: Malawi Medical Journal: the Journal of Medical Association of Malawi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871526/risk-factors-for-failed-reactivation-of-a-labor-epidural-for-postpartum-tubal-ligation-a-prospective-observational-study
#4
Mark F Powell, Douglas D Wellons, Steve F Tran, John M Zimmerman, Michael A Frölich
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To determine specific risk factors that increase the failure rate of labor epidurals reactivated for use as a surgical block for postpartum tubal ligation. DESIGN: Prospective, observational study. SETTING: Labor and delivery suite and operating rooms at the Women and Infants Center. PATIENTS: One hundred patients undergoing postpartum tubal ligation with an existing labor epidural that is documented to be within 2 cm of initial placement...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854255/the-association-between-endometriosis-tubal-ligation-hysterectomy-and-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-meta-analyses
#5
Chunpeng Wang, Zhenzhen Liang, Xin Liu, Qian Zhang, Shuang Li
To investigate the association between endometriosis, tubal ligation, hysterectomy and epithelial ovarian cancer. Relevant published literatures were searched in PubMed, ProQuest, Web of Science and Medline databases during 1995-2016. Heterogeneity was evaluated by I² statistic. Publication bias was tested by funnel plot and Egger's test. Odds ratio and 95% CI were used to assess the association strength. The statistical analyses in this study were accomplished by STATA software package. A total of 40,609 cases of epithelial ovarian cancer and 368,452 controls in 38 publications were included...
November 14, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806029/prevalence-of-contraceptive-use-in-new-zealand-women
#6
Jacqueline Chesang, Ann Richardson, John Potter, Pat Coope
AIMS: To estimate the prevalence of contraceptive use among New Zealand women and to measure changes in contraceptive use since the last population-based prevalence estimates were published in 1988. METHODS: Nine hundred and four women, aged 35-69 years were randomly selected from the electoral roll. A postal questionnaire was used to gather information on contraceptive use, socio-demographic characteristics and risk factors for ovarian cancer. Data were collected in 2013-2015...
October 28, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803828/a-historic-case-of-cardiac-surgery-in-pregnancy
#7
Said Benlamkaddem, Adnane Berdai, Smael Labib, Mustapha Harandou
Background. Heart disease is the leading cause of nonobstetric mortality in pregnant women. Because of high risk, medical management represents the first line of treatment. However, when medical treatment fails, cardiac surgery becomes necessary. Case Presentation. A 27-year-old female who underwent successfully cardiac surgery three times within 3 years. At the first time, she had an aortic valve replacement at 25 weeks of gestation after an infectious endocarditis complicated with an ischemic stroke. At 39 weeks of gestation, she had delivered, vaginally, a healthy baby boy weighing 2800 g...
2016: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738114/use-of-icsi-in-ivf-cycles-in-women-with-tubal-ligation-does-not-improve-pregnancy-or-live-birth-rates
#8
F W Grimstad, Ajay K Nangia, B Luke, J E Stern, W Mak
STUDY QUESTION: Does ICSI improve outcomes in ART cycles without male factor, specifically in couples with a history of tubal ligation as their infertility diagnosis? SUMMARY ANSWER: The use of ICSI showed no significant improvement in fertilization rate and resulted in lower pregnancy and live birth (LB) rates for women with the diagnosis of tubal ligation and no male factor. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Prior studies have suggested that ICSI use does not improve fertilization, pregnancy or LB rates in couples with non-male factor infertility...
October 13, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27720231/the-association-between-reproductive-and-hormonal-factors-and-ovarian-cancer-by-estrogen-%C3%AE-and-progesterone-receptor-status
#9
Amy L Shafrir, Megan S Rice, Mamta Gupta, Kathryn L Terry, Bernard A Rosner, Rulla M Tamimi, Jonathan L Hecht, Shelley S Tworoger
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the association between reproductive and hormonal factors and ovarian cancer incidence characterized by estrogen receptor-α (ERα) and progesterone receptor (PR) status. METHODS: Tissue microarrays were used to assess ERα and PR expression among 197 Nurses' Health Study (NHS), 42 NHSII and 76 New England Case-Control Study (NECC) ovarian cancer cases. NHS/NHSII cases were matched to up to 4 controls (n=954) on diagnosis date and birth year...
December 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701384/reproductive-and-hormonal-factors-in-relation-to-survival-and-platinum-resistance-among-ovarian-cancer-cases
#10
Amy L Shafrir, Ana Babic, Rulla M Tamimi, Bernard A Rosner, Shelley S Tworoger, Kathryn L Terry
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer survival is poor, particularly for platinum-resistant cases. The previous literature on pre-diagnostic reproductive factors and ovarian cancer survival has been mixed. Therefore, we evaluated pre-diagnostic reproductive and hormonal factors with overall survival and, additionally, platinum-chemotherapy resistance. METHODS: We followed 1649 invasive epithelial ovarian cancer cases who were enrolled between 1992 and 2008 for overall mortality within the New England Case-Control Study and abstracted chemotherapy data on a subset (n=449)...
November 22, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678742/o-ring-self-retractor-for-post-partum-tubal-ligation
#11
L A Gonzalez, M Islam, S Drnec, S Jamerson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678597/postpartum-sterilization-could-bilateral-salpingectomy-replace-tubal-ligation
#12
R B Danis, C R Della Badia, S D Richard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27678592/comparison-of-healthcare-costs-among-commercially-insured-women-in-the-u-s-who-undergo-hysteroscopic-sterilization-vs-laparoscopic-bilateral-tubal-ligation-sterilization
#13
P Carney, J Yao, J Lin, A Law
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661288/intimate-partner-violence-is-associated-with-voluntary-sterilization-in-women
#14
Laura Ann McCloskey, Kelly A Doran, Megan R Gerber
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) may interfere with women's use of preferred forms of contraception, resulting in unwanted pregnancies forcing women to seek permanent sterilization. A history of child sexual abuse (CSA) presages the risk for IPV in adulthood setting the stage for adverse reproductive outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether CSA and IPV are associated with women's voluntary sterilization when adjusting for demographics and reproductive health history...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649822/doctor-knows-best-tubal-ligation-in-young-childless-women
#15
Kathryn Goldrath, Lauren B Smith
When a gynecologist asks a twenty-one-year-old patient about her use of contraception, he is surprised that she would like to have a tubal ligation. The patient says that she would "never want to bring a child into this screwed up world." She has discussed tubal ligation with her boyfriend of one year, and he has told her that he accepts her decision. She asks her doctor if she can schedule the procedure as soon as possible. Her gynecologist mentions that he is concerned that she is very young and may eventually change her mind about having children...
September 2016: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27625511/bilateral-rectus-sheath-block-for-single-incision-laparoscopic-tubal-ligation-in-a-cardiac-patient
#16
Uma Hariharan, Neha Baduni, Bijender Pal Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614171/epithelial-ovarian-cancer-and-type-of-peritoneal-insult-a-case-control-study
#17
Maria Paula Ruiz, Pedro Beltran Morales-Ramirez, Olivia Lisa Dziadek, Stacey Denise Algren
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between different types of peritoneal insults and the development of sporadic epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) subtypes in the general population. STUDY DESIGN: Hospital based case control study comparing sporadic cases of EOC with age matched control group between 2003 and 2008. Medical, surgical, and gynecological histories were compared between 208 women with histological diagnosis of EOC and 224 women in the control group matched for age at presentation for well woman examination...
October 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570140/request-and-fulfillment-of-postpartum-tubal-ligation-in-patients-after-high-risk-pregnancy
#18
Alexandra Albanese, Maureen French, Dana R Gossett
OBJECTIVE: Female sterilization is one of the most prevalent methods of contraception in the United States. Prior studies have shown that nearly half of postpartum tubal ligation (PPTL) requests go unfulfilled. This study seeks to establish whether obstetric or medical risk status influences patients' request for or subsequent completion of PPTL. METHODS: This study was a retrospective cohort study of women delivering at a university hospital in 2009-2010 who received prenatal care in the faculty and resident clinics...
August 26, 2016: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27487473/rupture-of-the-pregnant-uterus-a-20-years-review
#19
Waleed Ali Sayed Ahmed, Yasser Hasan Habash, Mostafa Ahmed Hamdy, Hanan Mohamed Ghoneim
OBJECTIVES: To examine the incidence, causative factors, maternal and fetal outcomes and subsequent fertility in cases of uterine rupture in scarred and unscarred uteri. METHODS: A 20 years' retrospective review was carried out where relevant data were collected from the medical records. Outcome measures included labour characteristics, operative procedures, maternal and perinatal outcome in addition to subsequent fertility. RESULTS: Forty-nine cases of complete uterine rupture were identified...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27475412/immune-inflammation-gene-signatures-in-endometriosis-patients
#20
Soo Hyun Ahn, Kasra Khalaj, Steven L Young, Bruce A Lessey, Madhuri Koti, Chandrakant Tayade
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the molecular profiles of endometriotic lesions contain informative measures of inflammation and immune dysfunction that may contribute to better understanding of the interplay between immune dysfunction and inflammation and their contribution to endometriosis pathogenesis. DESIGN: Immune and inflammation transcriptomic analysis with the use of the Nanostring nCounter GX Human Immunology V2 platform (579 human immune and inflammation-related genes and 15 housekeeping genes)...
July 27, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
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