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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317075/the-origin-of-endometriosis-associated-ovarian-cancer-from-uterine-neoplastic-lesions
#1
Elisabetta Garavaglia, Cristina Sigismondi, Stefano Ferrari, Massimo Candiani
Endometriosis is a risk factor for type I epithelial ovarian cancer but an issue to be clarified is the site of origin of endometriosis associated ovarian cancer. Here we proposed that the uterus may be the organ of origin of ovarian endometrioid cancer associated with endometriosis. Thus, the first neoplastic transformation would characterize the uterine cells migrating in the pelvis via retrograde menstruation and they would implant secondarily on the ovary. Supporting this hypothesis, an higher incidence of synchronous precancerous and cancerous endometrial pathology in patients affected by ovarian endometrioid cancer associated with endometriosis was showed...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303880/ab-interno-tube-occlusion-for-postoperative-hypotony-in-a-patient-with-an-ahmed-glaucoma-drainage-device
#2
Max Feinstein, Kareem Moussa, Ying Han
PURPOSE: To report a case of Ahmed glaucoma valve-induced hypotony that was successfully managed with postoperative intraluminal stenting of the aqueous shunt tube. PATIENT AND METHODS: We describe a 68-year-old male with advanced uveitic glaucoma with an intraocular pressure (IOP) of 25▒mm Hg in the left eye. The patient initially responded well to an Ahmed glaucoma valve implant, but at 10 weeks post-implantation, the patient underwent cataract surgery and developed persistent hypotony, choroidal folds, and decreased vision...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Glaucoma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297842/sterilization-of-hybrid-marmoset-callithrix-sp-females-an-evaluation-of-two-surgical-methods
#3
Fábio Ferreira de Queiroz, Giane Chaves Kristosch, Flávio Landim Soffiati, Mônica Jorge Luz, André Lacerda de Abreu Oliveira, Tânia Ribeiro Junqueira Borges, Carlos Ramón Ruiz Miranda, Leonardo Serafim da Silveira
Population control techniques, either permanent or reversible, are important tools for the management of wildlife in captive and natural environments. Among these, surgical sterilization provides a permanent solution to unwanted reproduction. Surgical techniques can differ in their invasiveness and in the subsequent effect on behavior and physiology. For social animals, techniques that preserve gonads, such as vasectomy for males and ligation of uterine tubes for females, may be preferred because they maintain important physiology that influences behavior...
December 2017: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295697/towards-prevention-of-ovarian-cancer
#4
Aus Tariq Ali
Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death of all gynaecological cancers. To date, there is no reliable, specific screening procedure for detecting ovarian cancer. The risk factors of ovarian cancer include modifiable and non-modifiable factors. The main goal of the ovarian cancer prevention program is to significantly reduce the risk of development of ovarian cancer and other cancers such as breast and/or peritoneal cancer. The application of non-surgical preventive approaches such as oral contraceptives, parity and breastfeeding has been shown to be highly protective against ovarian cancer development...
January 1, 2018: Current Cancer Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288653/long-term-outcomes-after-elective-sterilization-procedures-a-comparative-retrospective-cohort-study-of-medicaid-patients
#5
Rachel Steward, Patricia Carney, Amy Law, Lin Xie, Yuexi Wang, Huseyin Yuce
OBJECTIVES: Compare the long-term outcomes, including hysterectomy, chronic pelvic pain (CPP), and abnormal uterine bleeding (AUB) in women post-hysteroscopic sterilization (HS) and laparoscopic tubal ligation (TL) in the Medicaid population. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective observational cohort analysis using data from the US Medicaid Analytic Extracts (MAX) Encounters database. Women aged 18 to 49years with at least one claim for HS (n=3929) or TL (n=10,875) between July 1, 2009, through December 31, 2010 were included...
December 27, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215509/interval-female-sterilization
#6
Gretchen S Stuart, Shanthi S Ramesh
Female sterilization is relied on by nearly one in three women aged 35-44 years in the United States. Sterilization procedures are among the most common procedures that obstetrician-gynecologists perform. The most frequent sterilization procedures include postpartum tubal ligation, laparoscopic tubal disruption or salpingectomy, and hysteroscopic tubal occlusion. The informed consent process for sterilization is crucial and requires shared decision-making between the patient and the health care provider. Counseling should include the specific risks and benefits of the specific surgical approaches...
January 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201669/comparison-of-outcomes-of-ivf-cycles-between-transferred-frozen-thawed-embryos-and-fresh-embryos-by-a-2-year-survey
#7
Ensieh Shahrokh-Tehraninejad, Zeynab Vosoog, Fatemeh Farajzadeh-Vajari
Background: Infertility as one of most concerning topics in childbearing age mothers needs better managements with less complications and IVF can be assumed as an efficient method. This study aimed to compare pregnancy outcomes in fresh and frozen embryos transferred in IVF cycles. Methods: In a retrospective study, 11201 patients underwent IVF cycles from 21st March 2013 to 20th March 2014 and they were categorized into two groups according to age, previous tubal disease and surgery, tubal ligation, and previous ectopic pregnancy variables...
October 2017: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193584/contraceptive-choice-and-use-of-dual-protection-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-canada-priorities-for-integrated-care
#8
Angela Kaida, Sophie Patterson, Allison Carter, Mona Loutfy, Erin Ding, Paul Sereda, Kath Webster, Neora Pick, Mary Kestler, Alexandra de Pokomandy
CONTEXT: Preventing unintended pregnancy and HIV transmission is important for women with HIV, but little is known about their contraceptive use, particularly under current antiretroviral therapy (ART) recommendations for treatment and prevention. METHODS: The prevalence of contraceptive use and of dual protection was examined among 453 sexually active women with HIV aged 16-49 and enrolled in the Canadian HIV Women's Sexual and Reproductive Health Cohort Study in 2013-2015; multivariable logistic regression was used to identify correlates of use...
November 29, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164264/risks-and-benefits-of-salpingectomy-at-the-time-of-sterilization
#9
Tara Castellano, Matthew Zerden, Laura Marsh, Kim Boggess
Importance: Bilateral salpingectomy reduces the risk ovarian cancer. The Society of Gynecologic Oncology has recommended surgeons discuss salpingectomy with patients desiring sterilization. Objective: This review summarizes current literature on the benefits and risks of bilateral salpingectomy to reduce ovarian cancer risk. Areas of insufficient evidence and directions for further research are discussed. Evidence Acquisition: We examined the benefits and risks of bilateral salpingectomy for female surgical sterilization, using a PubMed and EMBASE literature review...
November 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142541/is-it-safe-to-have-multiple-repeat-cesarean-sections-a-high-volume-tertiary-care-center-experience
#10
Alper Biler, Atalay Ekin, Aykut Ozcan, Abdurrahman Hamdi Inan, Tayfun Vural, Emrah Toz
Objective: To compare the obstetric outcomes of cesarean section in women who had a history of four or more previous cesarean sections with those who had a history of two or three previous cesarean sections. Methods: Total 1318 women who underwent repeat cesarean section between January 2013 and January 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Of these, 244 (18.5%) had previously had four or more cesarean sections (multiple repeat cesarean section group) and 1074 (81...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124462/polymorphisms-of-mitochondrial-dna-control-region-are-associated-to-endometriosis
#11
Marina Paula Andres, Mari Maki Siria Godoy Cardena, Cintia Fridman, Sergio Podgaec
PURPOSE: Polymorphisms in the control region of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) can affect generation of reactive oxygen species and impact in the pathogenesis of endometriosis. This study investigated the association of mtDNA polymorphisms with endometriosis. METHODS: Patients were divided in two groups: endometriosis (n = 90) and control (n = 92). Inclusion criteria were as follows: women between 18 and 50 years, with histological diagnosis and surgical staging of endometriosis (endometriosis group) or undergoing gynecological surgery for tubal ligation, leiomyoma, or ovarian cysts, with no evidence of endometriosis (control group)...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119588/an-early-pregnancy-unit-in-the-united-states-an-effective-method-for-evaluating-first-trimester-pregnancy-complications
#12
Polina Rovner, Elaine Stickrath, Meredith Alston, Kirsten Lund
In the United Kingdom, early pregnancy assessment clinics have existed since the early 1990s and have become the reference standard for evaluating and treating women with first-trimester pregnancy complications. These units have now been established in many countries and have been found to be effective and efficient, saving money and unnecessary emergency department visits and hospital admissions. To our knowledge, no such model has been described in the United States. A PubMed search using a combination of "early pregnancy unit," "early pregnancy assessment clinic," and "United States," "U...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117355/current-gaps-in-ovarian-cancer-epidemiology-the-need-for-new-population-based-research
#13
REVIEW
Jennifer A Doherty, Allan Jensen, Linda E Kelemen, Celeste L Pearce, Elizabeth Poole, Joellen M Schildkraut, Kathryn L Terry, Shelley S Tworoger, Penelope M Webb, Nicolas Wentzensen
With recent ovarian cancer screening studies showing no clinically significant mortality benefit, preventing this disease, identifying high-risk populations, and extending survival remain priorities. However, several challenges are impeding progress in ovarian cancer research. With most studies capturing exposure information from 10 or more years ago, evaluation of how changing patterns of exposures, such as new oral contraceptive formulations and increased intrauterine device use, might influence ovarian cancer risk and survival is difficult...
October 1, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097232/cancer-risk-reducing-opportunities-in-gynecologic-surgery
#14
REVIEW
Carolyn Piszczek, Jun Ma, Claire H Gould, Paul Tseng
This review article discusses cancer risk-reducing opportunities in gynecologic surgery. We cover strategies to reduce ovarian and uterine cancer risk by presenting general practice guidelines and expanding on the literature behind clinical decision points. We address populations of women at increased hereditary risk and those at population risk. We present discussions on the role of gynecologic surgery, specifically, risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy, prophylactic salpingectomy with delayed oophorectomy, concomitant hysterectomy, opportunistic salpingectomy, and bilateral tubal ligation...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073928/safety-of-tubal-ligation-by-minilaparotomy-provided-by-clinical-officers-versus-assistant-medical-officers-study-protocol-for-a-noninferiority-randomized-controlled-trial-in-tanzanian-women
#15
Mark A Barone, Zuhura Mbuguni, Japhet Ominde Achola, Carmela Cordero, Joseph Kanama, Projestine S Muganyizi, Jamilla Mwanga, Caitlin Shannon, Leopold Tibyehabwa
BACKGROUND: Female sterilization by tubal ligation is a safe, extremely effective, and permanent way to limit childbearing. It is the most popular modern contraceptive method worldwide. The simplest way to provide tubal ligation is by a procedure called minilaparotomy, generally performed with the client under local anesthesia with systemic sedation and analgesia. In Tanzania, unmet need for family planning is high and has declined little in the past decade. Access to tubal ligation is limited throughout the country, in large part because of a lack of trained providers...
October 26, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031815/uptake-and-correlates-of-contraception-among-postpartum-women-in-kenya-results-from-a-national-cross-sectional-survey
#16
Dunstan Achwoka, Jillian Pintye, Christine J McGrath, John Kinuthia, Jennifer A Unger, Norah Obudho, Agnes Langat, Grace John-Stewart, Alison L Drake
OBJECTIVES: To characterize uptake and correlates of effective contraceptive use postpartum. STUDY DESIGN: We analyzed data from a national, cross-sectional evaluation of prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission programs that enrolled women attending 6-week or 9-month infant immunization visits at 120 Kenyan maternal and child health clinics. We classified women who resumed sexual activity postpartum and did not desire a child within 2years as having a need for family planning (FP)...
October 12, 2017: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024351/what-are-women-told-when-requesting-family-planning-services-at-clinics-associated-with-catholic-hospitals-a-mystery-caller-study
#17
Maryam Guiahi, Stephanie B Teal, Maryke Swartz, Sandy Huynh, Georgia Schiller, Jeanelle Sheeder
CONTEXT: Catholic Church directives restrict family planning service provision at Catholic health care institutions. It is unclear whether obstetrics and gynecology clinics that are owned by or have business affiliations with Catholic hospitals offer family planning appointments. METHODS: Mystery callers phoned 144 clinics nationwide that were found on Catholic hospital websites between December 2014 and February 2016, and requested appointments for birth control generally, copper IUD services specifically, tubal ligation and abortion...
October 12, 2017: Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985748/correction-to-trends-in-use-of-and-complications-from-intrauterine-contraceptive-devices-and-tubal-ligation-or-occlusion
#18
Brandon Howard, ElizaBeth Grubb, Maureen J Lage, Boxiong Tang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985581/postpartum-tubal-ligation-a-retrospective-review-of-anesthetic-management-at-a-single-institution-and-a-practice-survey-of-academic-institutions
#19
Christine McKenzie, Seden Akdagli, Gillian Abir, Brendan Carvalho
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The primary aim was to evaluate institutional anesthetic techniques utilized for postpartum tubal ligation (PPTL). Secondarily, academic institutions were surveyed on their clinical practice for PPTL. DESIGN: An institutional-specific retrospective review of patients with ICD-9 procedure codes for PPTL over a 2-year period was conducted. Obstetric anesthesia fellowship directors were surveyed on anesthetic management of PPTL. SETTING: Labor and delivery unit...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974236/endometriosis-is-the-independent-prognostic-factor-for-survival-in-chinese-patients-with-epithelial-ovarian-carcinoma
#20
Tong Ren, Shu Wang, Jian Sun, Ji-Min Qu, Yang Xiang, Keng Shen, Jing He Lang
BACKGROUND: Clinico-pathological characteristics and possible prognostic factors among women with epithelial ovarian carcinoma (EOC) with or without concurrent endometriosis were explored. METHOD: We retrospectively identified 304 patients with EOC treated primarily at Peking Union Medical College Hospital with median follow-up time of 60 months. RESULTS: Of 304 patients with EOC, concurrent endometriosis was identified in 69 (22.7%). The patients with concurrent endometriosis were younger and more probably post-menopausal at onset, were less likely to have abdominal distension, with significantly lower level of pre-surgery serum Ca125 and less possibility of having the history of tubal ligation...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Ovarian Research
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