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Tubal ligation

F W Grimstad, Ajay K Nangia, B Luke, J E Stern, W Mak
STUDY QUESTION: Does ICSI improve outcomes in ART cycles without male factor, specifically in couples with a history of tubal ligation as their infertility diagnosis? SUMMARY ANSWER: The use of ICSI showed no significant improvement in fertilization rate and resulted in lower pregnancy and live birth (LB) rates for women with the diagnosis of tubal ligation and no male factor. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Prior studies have suggested that ICSI use does not improve fertilization, pregnancy or LB rates in couples with non-male factor infertility...
October 13, 2016: Human Reproduction
Amy L Shafrir, Megan S Rice, Mamta Gupta, Kathryn L Terry, Bernard A Rosner, Rulla M Tamimi, Jonathan L Hecht, Shelley S Tworoger
OBJECTIVE: We assessed the association between reproductive and hormonal factors and ovarian cancer incidence characterized by estrogen receptor-α (ERα) and progesterone receptor (PR) status. METHODS: Tissue microarrays were used to assess ERα and PR expression among 197 Nurses' Health Study (NHS), 42 NHSII and 76 New England Case-Control Study (NECC) ovarian cancer cases. NHS/NHSII cases were matched to up to 4 controls (n=954) on diagnosis date and birth year...
October 5, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Amy L Shafrir, Ana Babic, Rulla M Tamimi, Bernard A Rosner, Shelley S Tworoger, Kathryn L Terry
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer survival is poor, particularly for platinum-resistant cases. The previous literature on pre-diagnostic reproductive factors and ovarian cancer survival has been mixed. Therefore, we evaluated pre-diagnostic reproductive and hormonal factors with overall survival and, additionally, platinum-chemotherapy resistance. METHODS: We followed 1649 invasive epithelial ovarian cancer cases who were enrolled between 1992 and 2008 for overall mortality within the New England Case-Control Study and abstracted chemotherapy data on a subset (n=449)...
October 4, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
L A Gonzalez, M Islam, S Drnec, S Jamerson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
R B Danis, C R Della Badia, S D Richard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
P Carney, J Yao, J Lin, A Law
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Laura Ann McCloskey, Kelly A Doran, Megan R Gerber
BACKGROUND: Intimate partner violence (IPV) may interfere with women's use of preferred forms of contraception, resulting in unwanted pregnancies forcing women to seek permanent sterilization. A history of child sexual abuse (CSA) presages the risk for IPV in adulthood setting the stage for adverse reproductive outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether CSA and IPV are associated with women's voluntary sterilization when adjusting for demographics and reproductive health history...
September 23, 2016: Journal of Women's Health
Kathryn Goldrath, Lauren B Smith
When a gynecologist asks a twenty-one-year-old patient about her use of contraception, he is surprised that she would like to have a tubal ligation. The patient says that she would "never want to bring a child into this screwed up world." She has discussed tubal ligation with her boyfriend of one year, and he has told her that he accepts her decision. She asks her doctor if she can schedule the procedure as soon as possible. Her gynecologist mentions that he is concerned that she is very young and may eventually change her mind about having children...
September 2016: Hastings Center Report
Uma Hariharan, Neha Baduni, Bijender Pal Singh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
Maria Paula Ruiz, Pedro Beltran Morales-Ramirez, Olivia Lisa Dziadek, Stacey Denise Algren
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between different types of peritoneal insults and the development of sporadic epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) subtypes in the general population. STUDY DESIGN: Hospital based case control study comparing sporadic cases of EOC with age matched control group between 2003 and 2008. Medical, surgical, and gynecological histories were compared between 208 women with histological diagnosis of EOC and 224 women in the control group matched for age at presentation for well woman examination...
October 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Alexandra Albanese, Maureen French, Dana R Gossett
OBJECTIVE: Female sterilization is one of the most prevalent methods of contraception in the United States. Prior studies have shown that nearly half of postpartum tubal ligation (PPTL) requests go unfulfilled. This study seeks to establish whether obstetric or medical risk status influences patients' request for or subsequent completion of PPTL. METHODS: This study was a retrospective cohort study of women delivering at a university hospital in 2009-2010 who received prenatal care in the faculty and resident clinics...
August 26, 2016: Contraception
Waleed Ali Sayed Ahmed, Yasser Hasan Habash, Mostafa Ahmed Hamdy, Hanan Mohamed Ghoneim
OBJECTIVES: To examine the incidence, causative factors, maternal and fetal outcomes and subsequent fertility in cases of uterine rupture in scarred and unscarred uteri. METHODS: A 20 years' retrospective review was carried out where relevant data were collected from the medical records. Outcome measures included labour characteristics, operative procedures, maternal and perinatal outcome in addition to subsequent fertility. RESULTS: Forty-nine cases of complete uterine rupture were identified...
August 3, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Soo Hyun Ahn, Kasra Khalaj, Steven L Young, Bruce A Lessey, Madhuri Koti, Chandrakant Tayade
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the molecular profiles of endometriotic lesions contain informative measures of inflammation and immune dysfunction that may contribute to better understanding of the interplay between immune dysfunction and inflammation and their contribution to endometriosis pathogenesis. DESIGN: Immune and inflammation transcriptomic analysis with the use of the Nanostring nCounter GX Human Immunology V2 platform (579 human immune and inflammation-related genes and 15 housekeeping genes)...
July 27, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
Brenda M Birmann, Mollie E Barnard, Kimberly A Bertrand, Ying Bao, Marta Crous-Bou, Brian M Wolpin, Immaculata De Vivo, Shelley S Tworoger
OBJECTIVES: To review the contributions of the Nurses' Health Study (NHS) to epidemiologic knowledge of endometrial, ovarian, pancreatic, and hematologic cancers. METHODS: We reviewed selected NHS publications from 1976 to 2016, including publications from consortia and other pooled studies. RESULTS: NHS studies on less common cancers have identified novel risk factors, such as a reduced risk of endometrial cancer in women of advanced age at last birth, and have clarified or prospectively confirmed previously reported associations, including an inverse association between tubal ligation and ovarian cancer...
September 2016: American Journal of Public Health
Farhat Ul Ain Ahmed, Afshan Ambreen, Sobia Zubair, Noori Kiran
Torsion of the pregnant uterus, at term, is a very rare event in obstetric practice. It is associated with high perinatal mortality. We are reporting a case of uterine torsion, where a booked second gravida with previous lower segment cesarean section underwent an emergency cesarean section due to severe lower abdominal pain, persistent fetal tachycardia and poor Bishop Score. Following delivery of baby and placenta, uterus untwisted on itself through 180 degrees and it was realized that the incision had been made on the posterior wall of the uterus...
June 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Z Kamalak, N Köşüş, Ü Isaoğlu, E Ç Tanriverdi, N Isaoğlu
Data consistently show that in experienced trained hands, laparoscopic tubal sterilization is safe and highly effective regardless of the approach or occlusive method. The known mortality rate is between four and eight deaths per 100,000 cases and the rate of intraoperative and postoperative major complications is less than 1%. The anesthetic complication rate for laparoscopy is between 0.016% and 0.75%. Carbon dioxide (CO2) pneumoperitoneum effects are still controversial. Here the authors present a case report of patient who suffered from intraoperative cardiac arrest during laparoscopic tubal ligation under general anesthesia...
2016: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
Stephanie Eschenbach, Dirk Entzian, Deborah A Baumgarten
We describe the case of a 37-year-old woman who had undergone reversal of tubal ligation with subsequent heterotopic pregnancy. We review the initial radiological evaluation of heterotopic pregnancies and the subsequent radiologic findings following appropriate therapy.
2008: Radiology case reports
Daniel Li, Leslie Heyer, Victoria H Jennings, Colin A Smith, David B Dunson
OBJECTIVES: We propose a new, personalised approach of estimating a woman's most fertile days that only requires recording the first day of menses and can use a smartphone to convey this information to the user so that she can plan or prevent pregnancy. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of two cohort studies (a North Carolina-based study and the Early Pregnancy Study [EPS]) and a prospective multicentre trial (World Health Organization [WHO] study)...
August 2016: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
Shaibya Saldanha
After going through the case report, it seems there can be two possible explanations for the tubal ligation performed without the consent of the patient: first, absolute malafide intent and second, a medical mix-up with tragic long-term consequences for the girl.
April 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
Alaa Mosbah, Yasmin Nabiel, Eman Khashaba
OBJECTIVE: To compare levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), intracellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), and glycodelin A in serum and peritoneal fluid of patients with and without endometriosis, and to correlate levels with disease stage. METHODS: An observational study was undertaken at Mansoura University Hospital, Egypt, between March 2014 and June 2015. Patients aged 21-48 years laparoscopically diagnosed with endometriosis and those without endometriosis who underwent laparoscopy for tubal ligation were included...
September 2016: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
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