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Wearable health devices

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128285/prolonged-and-localized-sweat-stimulation-by-iontophoretic-delivery-of-the-slowly-metabolized-cholinergic-agent-carbachol
#1
Phillip Simmers, S Kevin Li, Gerald Kasting, Jason Heikenfeld
BACKGROUND: Continuous non-invasive sampling and sensing of multiple classes of analytes could revolutionize medical diagnostics and wearable technologies, but also remains highly elusive because of the many confounding factors for candidate biofluids such as interstitial fluid, tears, saliva, and sweat. Eccrine sweat biosensing has seen a recent surge in demonstrations of wearable sampling and sensing devices. However, for subjects at rest, access to eccrine sweat is highly limited and unpredictable compared to saliva and tears...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Dermatological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126580/codebook-based-electrooculography-data-analysis-towards-cognitive-activity-recognition
#2
P Lagodzinski, K Shirahama, M Grzegorzek
With the advancement in mobile/wearable technology, people started to use a variety of sensing devices to track their daily activities as well as health and fitness conditions in order to improve the quality of life. This work addresses an idea of eye movement analysis, which due to the strong correlation with cognitive tasks can be successfully utilized in activity recognition. Eye movements are recorded using an electrooculographic (EOG) system built into the frames of glasses, which can be worn more unobtrusively and comfortably than other devices...
October 28, 2017: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118062/wearables-for-promoting-physical-activity
#3
REVIEW
Scott J Strath, Taylor W Rowley
BACKGROUND: The rapid expansion and popularity of consumer-wearable physical activity monitors (WPAMs) has enabled the integration of technology into physical activity (PA) intervention, deployment, and evaluation. This brief review reports on the accuracy of consumer-WPAMs, considers the intervention effects of using consumer-WPAMs, and offers future considerations as the proliferation of this area of product development and consumer use continues to escalate. CONTENT: The studies reviewed document the utility for consumer-WPAMs to objectively assess PA, with output metrics similar to research-grade activity monitors...
November 8, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115820/continuously-producible-ultrasensitive-wearable-strain-sensor-assembled-with-three-dimensional-interpenetrating-agnw-poe-nanofibrous-composite-yarn
#4
Weibing Zhong, Cui Liu, Chenxue Xiang, Yuxia Jin, Mufang Li, Ke Liu, Qiongzhen Liu, Yuedan Wang, Gang Sun, Dong Wang
Fiber shaped strain sensors with great flexibility and knittability have been tremendously concerned due to the wide applications in health manager devices, especially in human motion detection and physicalogical signal monitoring. Herein, a novel fiber shaped strain sensor has been designed and prepared by interpenetrating AgNWs into POE nanofibrous yarn. The easy-to-obtain structure and simple roll-to-roll process make the continuous large-scale production of nanofibrous composite yarn possible. The continuous and alternating stretching and releasing reversibly change the contact probability between AgNWs in this interpenetrating networks, leading to the variations of electrical resistance of the sensor...
November 8, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111642/a-stretchable-and-transparent-nanocomposite-nanogenerator-for-self-powered-physiological-monitoring
#5
Xiaoliang Chen, Kaushik Parida, Jiangxin Wang, Jiaqing Xiong, Meng-Fang Lin, Jinyou Shao, Pooi-See Lee
Smart sensing electronic device with good transparency, high stretchability and self-powered sensing characteristics are essential in wearable health monitoring systems. This paper innovatively proposes a stretchable nanocomposite nanogenerator with good transparency that can be conformally attached on human body to harvest biomechanical energy and monitor physiological signals. The work reports an innovative device that uses sprayed silver nanowires as transparent electrodes and sandwiches a nanocomposite of piezoelectric BaTiO3 and PDMS as the sensing layer, which exhibits good transparency and mechanical transformability with stretchable, foldable, and twistable properties...
November 7, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098597/smart-r-a-prospective-cohort-study-of-a-resilience-curriculum-for-residents-by-residents
#6
Deanna Chaukos, Emma Chad-Friedman, Darshan H Mehta, Laura Byerly, Alper Celik, Thomas H McCoy, John W Denninger
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the feasibility of a resident-led resiliency curriculum developed by residents, for residents. METHODS: The Stress Management and Resiliency Training Program for Residents (SMART-R) is a 6-h group-based curriculum that teaches meditation, behavioral skills, and positive perspective-taking strategies. SMART-R was implemented for all medicine and psychiatry interns at a large US teaching hospital during the first 6 months of internship...
November 2, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080814/sleep-devices-wearables-and-nearables-informational-and-interventional-consumer-and-clinical
#7
Matt T Bianchi
The field of sleep is in many ways ideally positioned to take full advantage of advancements in technology and analytics that is fueling the mobile health movement. Combining hardware and software advances with increasingly available big datasets that contain scored data obtained under gold standard sleep laboratory conditions completes the trifecta of this perfect storm. This review highlights recent developments in consumer and clinical devices for sleep, emphasizing the need for validation at multiple levels, with the ultimate goal of using personalized data and advanced algorithms to provide actionable information that will improve sleep health...
October 25, 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079550/understanding-monitoring-technologies-for-adults-with-pain-systematic-literature-review
#8
REVIEW
Iyubanit Rodríguez, Valeria Herskovic, Carmen Gerea, Carolina Fuentes, Pedro O Rossel, Maíra Marques, Mauricio Campos
BACKGROUND: Monitoring of patients may decrease treatment costs and improve quality of care. Pain is the most common health problem that people seek help for in hospitals. Therefore, monitoring patients with pain may have significant impact in improving treatment. Several studies have studied factors affecting pain; however, no previous study has reviewed the contextual information that a monitoring system may capture to characterize a patient's situation. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to conduct a systematic review to (1) determine what types of technologies have been used to monitor adults with pain, and (2) construct a model of the context information that may be used to implement apps and devices aimed at monitoring adults with pain...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077906/accelerometry-shows-inpatients-with-acute-medical-or-surgical-conditions-spend-little-time-upright-and-are-highly-sedentary-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
Claire Baldwin, Gisela van Kessel, Anna Phillips, Kylie Johnston
Background: Physical inactivity and sedentary behaviors have significant and independent effects on health. The use of wearable monitors to measure these constructs in people who are hospitalized with an acute illness is rapidly expanding, but has not been systematically described. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to review the use of accelerometer monitoring with inpatients who are acutely ill, including what activity and sedentary behaviors have been measured and how active or sedentary inpatients are...
November 1, 2017: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076297/recent-progress-of-self-powered-sensing-systems-for-wearable-electronics
#10
REVIEW
Zheng Lou, La Li, Lili Wang, Guozhen Shen
Wearable/flexible electronic sensing systems are considered to be one of the key technologies in the next generation of smart personal electronics. To realize personal portable devices with mobile electronics application, i.e., wearable electronic sensors that can work sustainably and continuously without an external power supply are highly desired. The recent progress and advantages of wearable self-powered electronic sensing systems for mobile or personal attachable health monitoring applications are presented...
October 27, 2017: Small
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062537/tea-talk-and-technology-patient-and-public-involvement-to-improve-connected-health-wearables-research-in-dementia
#11
Lamiece Hassan, Caroline Swarbrick, Caroline Sanders, Angela Parker, Matt Machin, Mary P Tully, John Ainsworth
PLAIN ENGLISH SUMMARY: There are a growing number of mobile phones, watches and electronic devices which can be worn on the body to track aspects of health and well-being, such as daily steps, sleep and exercise. Dementia researchers think that these devices could potentially be used as part of future research projects, for example to help spot changes in daily activity that may signal the early symptoms of dementia. We asked a range of older people, including people living with dementia and their carers, to participate in interactive discussions about how future participants might find using these devices as part of research projects...
2017: Res Involv Engagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060887/monitoring-smoking-behaviour-using-a-wearable-acoustic-sensor
#12
Inigo Torres Uribe Echebarria, Syed Anas Imtiaz, Mingxu Peng, Esther Rodriguez-Villegas
Smoking is a cause of multiple health problems resulting in diseases which can also be fatal. It is well known that smoking has long-term impact on the health of an individual as well. While a number of studies have looked at the impact of smoking on health and its economic impacts, most of these rely on input from smokers in the form of questionnaires and surveys. Long-term monitoring of smoking habits and behaviour is thus not possible because of the lack of means to do so. This paper proposes the use of a wearable device to monitor breathing signals of subjects...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060636/a-novel-smartphone-camera-led-communication-for-clinical-signal-transmission-in-mhealth-rehabilitation-system
#13
Vega Pradana Rachim, Jinyoung An, Pham Ngoc Quan, Wan-Young Chung
In this paper, an implementation of mobile-Visible Light Communication (mVLC) technology for clinical data transmission in home-based mobile-health (mHealth) rehabilitation system is introduced. Mobile remote rehabilitation program is the solutions for improving the quality of care of the clinicians to the patients with chronic condition and disabilities. Typically, the program inquires routine exercise which obligate patients to wear wearable electronic sensors for hours in a specific range of time. Thus it motivate us to develop a novel harmless biomedical communicating system since most of the device's protocol was based on RF communication technology which risky for a human body in term of long term usage due to RF exposure and electromagnetic interference (EMI)...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060387/wearable-ppg-sensor-based-alertness-scoring-system
#14
Jishnu Dey, Tanmoy Bhowmik, Saswata Sahoo, Vijay Narayan Tiwari
Quantifying mental alertness in today's world is important as it enables the person to adopt lifestyle changes for better work efficiency. Miniaturized sensors in wearable devices have facilitated detection/monitoring of mental alertness. Photoplethysmography (PPG) sensors through Heart Rate Variability (HRV) offer one such opportunity by providing information about one's daily alertness levels without requiring any manual interference from the user. In this paper, a smartwatch based alertness estimation system is proposed...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060372/wearable-internet-of-things-from-human-activity-tracking-to-clinical-integration
#15
Poonam Kumari, Miguel Lopez-Benitez, Gyu Myoung Lee, Tae-Seong Kim, Atul S Minhas
Wearable devices for human activity tracking have been emerging rapidly. Most of them are capable of sending health statistics to smartphones, smartwatches or smart bands. However, they only provide the data for individual analysis and their data is not integrated into clinical practice. Leveraging on the Internet of Things (IoT), edge and cloud computing technologies, we propose an architecture which is capable of providing cloud based clinical services using human activity data. Such services could supplement the shortage of staff in primary healthcare centers thereby reducing the burden on healthcare service providers...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060177/mhealth-tools-for-monitoring-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-at-home-proof-of-concept
#16
Miguel A Camara, Yolanda Castillo, Dolores Blanco-Almazan, Luis Estrada, Raimon Jane
Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a sleep disorder that affects mainly the adult and elderly population. Due to the high percentage of patients who remain undiagnosed and untreated because of limitations of current diagnosis methods, the management of OSA is an important social, scientific and economic problem that will be difficult to be assumed by health systems. On the other hand, smartphone platforms (mHealth systems) are being considered as an innovative solution, thanks to the integration of the essential sensors to obtain clinically relevant parameters in the same device or in combination with wireless wearable devices...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059795/wearable-health-monitoring-using-capacitive-voltage-mode-human-body-communication
#17
Shovan Maity, Debayan Das, Shreyas Sen
Rapid miniaturization and cost reduction of computing, along with the availability of wearable and implantable physiological sensors have led to the growth of human Body Area Network (BAN) formed by a network of such sensors and computing devices. One promising application of such a network is wearable health monitoring where the collected data from the sensors would be transmitted and analyzed to assess the health of a person. Typically, the devices in a BAN are connected through wireless (WBAN), which suffers from energy inefficiency due to the high-energy consumption of wireless transmission...
July 2017: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054836/formative-assessment-design-of-a-web-connected-sedentary-behavior-intervention-for-females
#18
Amber W Kinsey, Matthew Whipple, Lauren Reid, Olivia Affuso
BACKGROUND: Sedentary behavior (SB) is a significant risk factor for heart disease, diabetes, obesity, and early mortality, particularly among women, and the health consequences associated with SB are independent of physical activity status. Interventions utilizing wearable technologies can improve SB, but their effectiveness is influenced by individual preferences, device engagement strategies, and technological features, which may affect user compliance. Gathering a priori insight from target populations on their preferences for program tools and strategies may assist researchers in identifying effective methods to improve the efficacy of SB interventions...
October 20, 2017: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051136/using-google-glass-in-nonsurgical-medical-settings-systematic-review
#19
Bryn Dougherty, Sherif M Badawy
BACKGROUND: Wearable technologies provide users hands-free access to computer functions and are becoming increasingly popular on both the consumer market and in various industries. The medical industry has pioneered research and implementation of head-mounted wearable devices, such as Google Glass. Most of this research has focused on surgical interventions; however, other medical fields have begun to explore the potential of this technology to support both patients and clinicians. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to systematically evaluate the feasibility, usability, and acceptability of using Google Glass in nonsurgical medical settings and to determine the benefits, limitations, and future directions of its application...
October 19, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027496/optimizing-usability-and-signal-capture-a-proactive-risk-assessment-for-the-implementation-of-a-wireless-vital-sign-monitoring-system
#20
Rebecca Kowalski, Muge Capan, Peter Lodato, Danielle Mosby, Tamekia Thomas, Ryan Arnold, Kristen Miller
Wearable vital sign monitors are a promising step towards optimal patient surveillance, providing continuous data to allow for early detection and treatment of patient deterioration. However, as wearable monitors become more widely adopted in healthcare, there is a corresponding need to carefully design the implementation of these tools to promote their integration into clinical workflows and defend against potential misuse and patient harm. Prior to the roll-out of these monitors, our multidisciplinary team of clinicians, clinical engineers, information technologists and research investigators conducted a modified Healthcare Failure Mode and Effect Analysis (HFMEA), a proactive evaluation of potential problems which could be encountered in the use of a wireless vital signs monitoring system...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology
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