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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521767/the-impact-of-an-m-health-financial-incentives-program-on-the-physical-activity-and-diet-of-australian-truck-drivers
#1
Nicholas D Gilson, Toby G Pavey, Olivia Rl Wright, Corneel Vandelanotte, Mitch J Duncan, Sjaan Gomersall, Stewart G Trost, Wendy J Brown
BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases are high in truck drivers and have been linked to work routines that promote inactivity and poor diets. This feasibility study examined the extent to which an m-Health financial incentives program facilitated physical activity and healthy dietary choices in Australian truck drivers. METHODS: Nineteen men (mean [SD] age = 47.5 [9.8] years; BMI = 31.2 [4.6] kg/m(2)) completed the 20-week program, and used an activity tracker and smartphone application (Jawbone UP™) to regulate small positive changes in occupational physical activity, and fruit, vegetable, saturated fat and processed/refined sugar food/beverage choices...
May 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501356/engaging-overweight-adolescents-in-a-health-and-fitness-program-using-wearable-activity-trackers
#2
Marian Wilson, Samantha Ramsay, Kimberly J Young
INTRODUCTION: Our objectives were to (a) examine feasibility and receptivity of overweight adolescents joining a community-based group fitness program and (b) test preliminary efficacy of a 12-week pilot intervention designed to promote health, fitness, and self-efficacy for the identified teens. METHODS: The 12-week fitness program for overweight adolescents was developed and included planned physical activities, nutrition classes, and goal-setting sessions. A one-group pre-/posttest study design evaluated 20 participants from grades 10 through 12 who enrolled in the program pilot study...
May 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495352/reliability-of-commercially-available-sleep-and-activity-trackers-with-manual-switch-to-sleep-mode-activation-in-free-living-healthy-individuals
#3
Alexia Gruwez, Walter Libert, Lieveke Ameye, Marie Bruyneel
INTRODUCTION: Wearable health devices have become trendy among consumers, but it is not known whether they accurately measure sleep and physical activity parameters. To address this question, we have studied the measured data of two consumer-level activity monitors (Up Move Jawbone(®) (U) and Withings Pulse 02(®) (W)) and compared it with reference methods for sleep and activity recordings, namely the Bodymedia SenseWear Pro Armband(®) actigraph (SWA) and home-polysomnography (H-PSG)...
June 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490620/physical-activity-evaluation-in-children-with-congenital-heart-disease
#4
REVIEW
Christine Voss, Kevin C Harris
Significant advances in the management of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) have resulted in marked improvements in survival and life expectancy. Thus, there is an increased emphasis on promoting physical activity to optimise healthy development and long-term cardiovascular health. Evaluation of physical activity levels as part of ongoing clinical care is recommended to facilitate physical activity counselling and/or exercise prescription. Physical activity is a complex health behaviour that is challenging to evaluate...
May 10, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488834/the-efficacy-of-wearable-activity-tracking-technology-as-part-of-a-weight-loss-program-a-systematic-review
#5
Scott W Cheatham, Kyle R Stull, Mike Fantigrassi, Ian Motel
INTRODUCTION: The world obesity rate has increased over the past two decades. This problem has been linked to inactivity and lack of exercise among individuals which prompted the development of wearable activity tracking technology. This technology is commonly offered as a bracelet, watch, or pendent that provides feedback of daily activity such as total step count, heart rate, and energy expenditure. Despite the popularity of these devices, their efficacy to assist in behavior change and weight loss is still being studied...
May 9, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487202/thalamic-mast-cell-activity-is-associated-with-sign-tracking-behavior-in-rats
#6
Christopher J Fitzpatrick, Jonathan D Morrow
Mast cells are resident immune cells in the thalamus that can degranulate and release hundreds of signaling molecules (i.e., monoamines, growth factors, and cytokines) both basally and in response to environmental stimuli. Interestingly, mast cell numbers in the brain show immense individual variation in both rodents and humans. We used a Pavlovian conditioned approach (PCA) procedure to examine whether mast cells are associated with individual variation in the attribution of incentive-motivational value to reward-related cues...
May 6, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473304/ownership-and-use-of-commercial-physical-activity-trackers-among-finnish-adolescents-cross-sectional-study
#7
Kwok Ng, Jorma Tynjälä, Sami Kokko
BACKGROUND: Mobile phone apps for monitoring and promoting physical activity (PA) are extremely popular among adults. Devices, such as heart rate monitors or sports watches (HRMs/SWs) that work with these apps are at sufficiently low costs to be available through the commercial markets. Studies have reported an increase in PA levels among adults with devices; however, it is unknown whether the phenomena are similar during early adolescence. At a time when adolescents start to develop their own sense of independence and build friendship, the ease of smartphone availability in developed countries needs to be investigated in important health promoting behaviors such as PA...
May 4, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470368/breast-cancer-survivors-preferences-for-technology-supported-exercise-interventions
#8
Siobhan M Phillips, David E Conroy, Sarah Kozey Keadle, Christine A Pellegrini, Gillian R Lloyd, Frank J Penedo, Bonnie Spring
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore breast cancer survivors' interest in and preferences for technology-supported exercise interventions. METHODS: Post-treatment survivors [n = 279; M age = 60.7 (SD = 9.7)] completed a battery of online questionnaires in August 2015. Descriptive statistics were calculated for all data. Logistic regression analyses were conducted to examine relationships between survivors' interest in a technology-supported exercise interventions and demographic, disease, and behavioral factors...
May 3, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457922/t3-peptide-an-active-fragment-of-tumstatin-inhibits-h2o2-induced-apoptosis-in-h9c2-cardiomyoblasts
#9
Jumpei Yasuda, Muneyoshi Okada, Hideyuki Yamawaki
Tumstatin, a cleaved fragment of α3 chain of type IV collagen, is an endogenous anti-angiogenetic peptide. Although the expression level of tumstatin changes in the heart tissues of certain experimental cardiac disease models, its effect on cardiomyocytes has not been clarified. In this study, we examined the effects of T3 peptide, an active subfragment of tumstatin, on hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-induced cell death in H9c2 cardiomyoblasts. Cell viability was examined by a cell counting assay. Staining using 4', 6-diamidino-2-phenylindole was performed to observe nuclear morphology...
April 27, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455335/yersinia-pestis-resists-predation-by-acanthamoeba-castellanii-and-exhibits-prolonged-intracellular-survival
#10
Javier A Benavides-Montaño, Viveka Vadyvaloo
Plague is a flea-borne rodent-associated zoonotic disease caused by Yersinia pestis The disease is characterized by epizootics with high rodent mortalities, punctuated by inter-epizootic periods when the bacterium persists in an unknown reservoir. This study investigates the interaction between Y. pestis and the ubiquitous soil free-living amoeba (FLA), Acanthamoeba castellanii, to assess if the bacterium can survive within soil amoeba and whether intracellular mechanisms are conserved between infection of mammalian macrophages and soil amoeba...
April 28, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28455278/the-physical-activity-tracker-testing-in-youth-p-a-t-t-y-study-content-analysis-and-children-s-perceptions
#11
Brittany Masteller, John Sirard, Patty Freedson
BACKGROUND: Activity trackers are widely used by adults and several models are now marketed for children. OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to (1) perform a content analysis of behavioral change techniques (BCTs) used by three commercially available youth-oriented activity trackers and (2) obtain feedback describing children's perception of these devices and the associated websites. METHODS: A content analysis recorded the presence of 36 possible BCTs for the MovBand (MB), Sqord (SQ), and Zamzee (ZZ) activity trackers...
April 28, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450274/establishing-linkages-between-distributed-survey-responses-and-consumer-wearable-device-datasets-a-pilot-protocol
#12
Julia E Brinton, Mike D Keating, Alexa M Ortiz, Kelly R Evenson, Robert D Furberg
BACKGROUND: As technology increasingly becomes an integral part of everyday life, many individuals are choosing to use wearable technology such as activity trackers to monitor their daily physical activity and other health-related goals. Researchers would benefit from learning more about the health of these individuals remotely, without meeting face-to-face with participants and avoiding the high cost of providing consumer wearables to participants for the study duration. OBJECTIVE: The present study seeks to develop the methods to collect data remotely and establish a linkage between self-reported survey responses and consumer wearable device biometric data, ultimately producing a de-identified and linked dataset...
April 27, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448949/utility-of-the-fitbit-flex-to-evaluate-sleep-in-major-depressive-disorder-a-comparison-against-polysomnography-and-wrist-worn-actigraphy
#13
Jesse D Cook, Michael L Prairie, David T Plante
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance is a common and important component of affective illness. Fitness activity trackers are emerging as alternative means to estimate sleep in psychiatric patients; however, their ability to quantify sleep in mood disorders has not been empirically evaluated. Thus, this study sought to evaluate the utility of the Fitbit Flex (FBF) to estimate sleep in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) relative to gold standard polysomnography (PSG) and a widely-used actigraph (Actiwatch-2; AW-2)...
April 19, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437597/weight-loss-in-weight-watchers-online-with-and-without-an-activity-tracking-device-compared-to-control-a-randomized-trial
#14
J Graham Thomas, Hollie A Raynor, Dale S Bond, Anna K Luke, Chelsi C Cardoso, Gary D Foster, Rena R Wing
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate a commercial online weight loss program and activity tracker, which are popular but have unknown efficacy. METHODS: Two hundred seventy-nine participants with BMI 27 to 40 kg/m(2) were randomized to 12 months of the Weight Watchers Online program alone (WWO) or with the ActiveLink(®) activity tracking device (WWO+AL) or an online newsletter (Control). RESULTS: Weight losses at 3 months were significantly greater in WWO (2...
April 24, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420602/the-fitbit-one-physical-activity-tracker-in-men-with-prostate-cancer-validation-study
#15
Erin L Van Blarigan, Stacey A Kenfield, Lucy Tantum, Lisa A Cadmus-Bertram, Peter R Carroll, June M Chan
BACKGROUND: Physical activity after cancer diagnosis improves quality of life and may lengthen survival. However, objective data in cancer survivors are limited and no physical activity tracker has been validated for use in this population. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to validate the Fitbit One's measures of physical activity over 7 days in free-living men with localized prostate cancer. METHODS: We validated the Fitbit One against the gold-standard ActiGraph GT3X+ accelerometer in 22 prostate cancer survivors under free-living conditions for 7 days...
April 18, 2017: JMIR Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420055/perceived-stress-and-reported-cognitive-symptoms-among-georgia-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#16
L Plantinga, S S Lim, C B Bowling, C Drenkard
Objective To examine associations of perceived stress with cognitive symptoms among adults with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods Among 777 adult (≥18 years) SLE patients, the association of Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) scores with two self-reported cognitive symptoms was examined: forgetfulness (severe/moderate vs. mild/none; from the Systemic Lupus Activity Questionnaire) and difficulty concentrating (all/most vs. some/little/none of the time; from the Lupus Impact Tracker). The study used multivariable logistic regression to estimate the odds ratios (ORs) per minimal important difference (MID = 0...
January 1, 2017: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417456/interventions-to-improve-adherence-to-inhaled-steroids-for-asthma
#17
REVIEW
Rebecca Normansell, Kayleigh M Kew, Elizabeth Stovold
BACKGROUND: Despite its proven efficacy in improving symptoms and reducing exacerbations, many patients with asthma are not fully adherent to their steroid inhaler. Suboptimal adherence leads to poorer clinical outcomes and increased health service utilisation, and has been identified as a contributing factor to a third of asthma deaths in the UK. Reasons for non-adherence vary, and a variety of interventions have been proposed to help people improve treatment adherence. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy and safety of interventions intended to improve adherence to inhaled corticosteroids among people with asthma...
April 18, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395305/the-accuracy-of-heart-rate-monitoring-by-some-wrist-worn-activity-trackers
#18
Lisa Cadmus-Bertram, Ronald Gangnon, Emily J Wirkus, Keith M Thraen-Borowski, Jessica Gorzelitz-Liebhauser
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 18, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28382164/visualization-of-macrophage-recruitment-to-inflammation-lesions-using-highly-sensitive-and-stable-radionuclide-embedded-gold-nanoparticles-as-a-nuclear-bio-imaging-platform
#19
Sang Bong Lee, Ho Won Lee, Thoudam Debraj Singh, Yinghua Li, Sang Kyoon Kim, Sung Jin Cho, Sang-Woo Lee, Shin Young Jeong, Byeong-Cheol Ahn, Sangil Choi, In-Kyu Lee, Dong-Kwon Lim, Jaetae Lee, Yong Hyun Jeon
Reliable and sensitive imaging tools are required to track macrophage migration and provide a better understating of their biological roles in various diseases. Here, we demonstrate the possibility of radioactive iodide-embedded gold nanoparticles (RIe-AuNPs) as a cell tracker for nuclear medicine imaging. To demonstrate this utility, we monitored macrophage migration to carrageenan-induced sites of acute inflammation in living subjects and visualized the effects of anti-inflammatory agents on this process...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381393/who-is-still-playing-pok%C3%A3-mon-go-a-web-based-survey
#20
Peter Rasche, Anna Schlomann, Alexander Mertens
BACKGROUND: Poor physical activity is one of the major health care problems in Western civilizations. Various digital gadgets aiming to increase physical activity, such as activity trackers or fitness apps, have been introduced over recent years. The newest products are serious games that incorporate real-life physical activity into their game concept. Recent studies have shown that such games increase the physical activity of their users over the short term. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigated the motivational effects of the digital game "Pokémon Go" leading to continued use or abandonment of the game...
April 5, 2017: JMIR Serious Games
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