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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335541/effects-of-forest-therapy-on-depressive-symptoms-among-adults-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Insook Lee, Heeseung Choi, Kyung-Sook Bang, Sungjae Kim, MinKyung Song, Buhyun Lee
This study systematically reviewed forest therapy programs designed to decrease the level of depression among adults and assessed the methodological rigor and scientific evidence quality of existing research studies to guide future studies. This systematic review was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. The authors independently screened full-text articles from various databases using the following criteria: (1) intervention studies assessing the effects of forest therapy on depressive symptoms in adults aged 18 years and older; (2) studies including at least one control group or condition; (3) peer-reviewed studies; and (4) been published either in English or Korean before July 2016...
March 20, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334899/association-analyses-of-east-asian-individuals-and-trans-ancestry-analyses-with-european-individuals-reveal-new-loci-associated-with-cholesterol-and-triglyceride-levels
#2
Cassandra N Spracklen, Peng Chen, Young Jin Kim, Xu Wang, Hui Cai, Shengxu Li, Jirong Long, Ying Wu, Ya Xing Wang, Fumihiko Takeuchi, Jer-Yuarn Wu, Keum-Ji Jung, Cheng Hu, Koichi Akiyama, Yonghong Zhang, Sanghoon Moon, Todd A Johnson, Huaixing Li, Rajkumar Dorajoo, Meian He, Maren E Cannon, Tamara S Roman, Elias Salfati, Keng-Hung Lin, Xiuqing Guo, Wayne H H Sheu, Devin Absher, Linda S Adair, Themistocles L Assimes, Tin Aung, Qiuyin Cai, Li-Ching Chang, Chien-Hsiun Chen, Li-Hsin Chien, Lee-Ming Chuang, Shu-Chun Chuang, Shufa Du, Qiao Fan, Cathy S J Fann, Alan B Feranil, Yechiel Friedlander, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Dongfeng Gu, Lixuan Gui, Zhirong Guo, Chew-Kiat Heng, James Hixson, Xuhong Hou, Chao Agnes Hsiung, Yao Hu, Mi Yeong Hwang, Chii-Min Hwu, Masato Isono, Jyh-Ming Jimmy Juang, Chiea-Chuen Khor, Yun Kyoung Kim, Woon-Puay Koh, Michiaki Kubo, I-Te Lee, Sun-Ju Lee, Wen-Jane Lee, Kae-Woei Liang, Blanche Lim, Sing-Hui Lim, Jianjun Liu, Toru Nabika, Wen-Harn Pan, Hao Peng, Thomas Quertermous, Charumathi Sabanayagam, Kevin Sandow, Jinxiu Shi, Liang Sun, Pok Chien Tan, Shu-Pei Tan, Kent D Taylor, Yik-Ying Teo, Sue-Anne Toh, Tatsuhiko Tsunoda, Rob M van Dam, Aili Wang, Feijie Wang, Jie Wang, Wen Bin Wei, Yong-Bing Xiang, Jie Yao, Jian-Min Yuan, Rong Zhang, Wanting Zhao, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Stephen S Rich, Jerome I Rotter, Tzung-Dau Wang, Tangchun Wu, Xu Lin, Bok-Ghee Han, Toshihiro Tanaka, Yoon Shin Cho, Tomohiro Katsuya, Weiping Jia, Sun-Ha Jee, Yuan-Tsong Chen, Norihiro Kato, Jost B Jonas, Ching-Yu Cheng, Xiao-Ou Shu, Jiang He, Wei Zheng, Tien-Yin Wong, Wei Huang, Bong-Jo Kim, E-Shyong Tai, Karen L Mohlke, Xueling Sim
Large-scale meta-analyses of genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified >175 loci associated with fasting cholesterol levels, including total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglycerides (TG). With differences in linkage disequilibrium (LD) structure and allele frequencies between ancestry groups, studies in additional large samples may detect new associations. We conducted staged GWAS meta-analyses in up to 69,414 East Asian individuals from 24 studies with participants from Japan, the Philippines, Korea, China, Singapore, and Taiwan...
February 21, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329627/association-of-atopic-dermatitis-with-tobacco-smoke-exposure-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Robert Kantor, Ashley Kim, Jacob Thyssen, Jonathan I Silverberg
Previous studies found conflicting results about whether exposure to tobacco smoke is associated with increased atopic dermatitis (AD). We examined this association by systematic review and meta-analysis of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, and Cochrane Library and identified 86 studies, including 680,176 patients from 39 countries. A meta-analysis was performed using random-effects models to estimate pooled odds ratios (OR). Subset analyses were performed for different ages (children or adult), regions, study designs (cross-sectional vs...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329376/comparison-of-the-prognostic-value-of-negative-non-invasive-cardiac-investigations-in-patients-with-suspected-or-known-coronary-artery-disease-a-meta-analysis
#4
Martijn W Smulders, Caroline Jaarsma, Patricia J Nelemans, Sebastiaan C A M Bekkers, Jan Bucerius, Tim Leiner, Harry J G M Crijns, Joachim E Wildberger, Simon Schalla
Aims: To compare the prognostic value of negative non-invasive cardiac investigations (coronary computed tomographic angiography [CCTA], cardiovascular magnetic resonance [CMR], exercise electrocardiographic testing [EET], positron emission tomography [PET], stress-echocardiography [SE], and single-photon emission tomography [SPECT]) in patients with suspected or known coronary artery disease (CAD) and to explore the effect of adjustment for population event risk and presence of CAD. Methods and results: MEDLINE/PubMed database, EMBASE and Cochrane Library were searched from January-1990 to April-2015 for studies reporting annual event rates (AER) of myocardial infarction (MI) and cardiac death...
February 27, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28321402/prognostic-role-of-the-microrna-200-family-in-various-carcinomas-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
Jung Soo Lee, Young-Ho Ahn, Hye Sung Won, Der Sheng Sun, Yeo Hyung Kim, Yoon Ho Ko
Background/Aims. The miRNA-200 (miR-200) family may act as key inhibitors of epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition. However, the potential prognostic value of miR-200s in various human malignancies remains controversial. This meta-analysis analyzed the associations between miR-200 levels and survival outcomes in a variety of tumors. Methods. Eligible published studies were identified by searching the Embase, PubMed, CINAHL, and Google scholar databases. Patient clinical data were pooled, and pooled hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were used to calculate the strength of this association...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319436/estimating-the-risks-of-breast-cancer-radiotherapy-evidence-from-modern-radiation-doses-to-the-lungs-and-heart-and-from-previous-randomized-trials
#6
Carolyn Taylor, Candace Correa, Frances K Duane, Marianne C Aznar, Stewart J Anderson, Jonas Bergh, David Dodwell, Marianne Ewertz, Richard Gray, Reshma Jagsi, Lori Pierce, Kathleen I Pritchard, Sandra Swain, Zhe Wang, Yaochen Wang, Tim Whelan, Richard Peto, Paul McGale
Purpose Radiotherapy reduces the absolute risk of breast cancer mortality by a few percentage points in suitable women but can cause a second cancer or heart disease decades later. We estimated the absolute long-term risks of modern breast cancer radiotherapy. Methods First, a systematic literature review was performed of lung and heart doses in breast cancer regimens published during 2010 to 2015. Second, individual patient data meta-analyses of 40,781 women randomly assigned to breast cancer radiotherapy versus no radiotherapy in 75 trials yielded rate ratios (RRs) for second primary cancers and cause-specific mortality and excess RRs (ERRs) per Gy for incident lung cancer and cardiac mortality...
March 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317342/genetic-determinants-of-adiponectin-regulation-revealed-by-pregnancy
#7
Marie-France Hivert, Denise M Scholtens, Catherine Allard, Michael Nodzenski, Luigi Bouchard, Diane Brisson, Lynn P Lowe, Ian McDowell, Tim Reddy, Zari Dastani, J Brent Richards, M Geoffrey Hayes, William L Lowe
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated genetic determinants of adiponectin during pregnancy to reveal novel biology of adipocyte regulation. METHODS: A genome-wide association study was conducted in 1,322 pregnant women from the Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome Study with adiponectin measured at ∼28 weeks of gestation. Variants reaching P < 5×10(-5) for de novo genotyping in two replication cohorts (Genetics of Glycemic regulation in Gestation and Growth N = 522; ECOGENE-21 N = 174) were selected...
March 20, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300059/genetic-basis-for-variation-in-plasma-il-18-levels-in-persons-with-chronic-hepatitis-c-virus-and-human-immunodeficiency-virus-1-infections
#8
C Vergara, C Thio, R Latanich, A L Cox, G D Kirk, S H Mehta, M Busch, E L Murphy, M C Villacres, M G Peters, A L French, E Golub, J Eron, C D Lahiri, S Shrestha, D Gustafson, M Young, K Anastos, B Aouizerat, A Y Kim, G Lauer, D L Thomas, P Duggal
Inflammasomes are multi-protein complexes integrating pathogen-triggered signaling leading to the generation of pro-inflammatory cytokines including interleukin-18 (IL-18). Hepatitis C virus (HCV) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections are associated with elevated IL-18, suggesting inflammasome activation. However, there is marked person-to-person variation in the inflammasome response to HCV and HIV. We hypothesized that host genetics may explain this variation. To test this, we analyzed the associations of plasma IL-18 levels and polymorphisms in 10 genes in the inflammasome cascade...
March 16, 2017: Genes and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293714/dose-related-effect-of-statins-in-patients-with-endovascular-coiling-or-microsurgical-clipping-for-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-updated-study-level-meta-analysis
#9
Kyu-Sun Choi, Jae Min Kim, Hyeong-Joong Yi, Seon-Heui Lee, Taeho Lim, Wonhee Kim, Youngsuk Cho, Jin-Hwan Cheong
PURPOSE: We aimed to quantitatively assess the effects of short-term statin use on delayed ischemic neurologic deficits (DINDs) and clinical outcomes in patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) through a meta-analysis of the available evidence. METHODS: We searched the electronic databases up to April 8, 2016 to retrieve relevant studies comparing the outcomes between immediate statin-treated in statin-naïve patients and untreated patients following aneurysmal SAH...
March 14, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292633/the-outcomes-of-the-pancreaticoduodenectomy-in-patients-aged-80-or-older-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
REVIEW
Sandy Y Kim, Laurence Weinberg, Christopher Christophi, Mehrdad Nikfarjam
BACKGROUND: There is an increasing needed to consider pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for the treatment of pancreatic and periampullary malignancy in patients aged 80 and over, given the increasing aging population. METHODS: A systematic literature search was undertaken to identify selected studies that compared the outcomes of patients aged 80 years or over to those younger undergoing PD. RESULTS: In total 18 studies were included for evaluation...
March 11, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288483/efficacy-of-treatments-for-infantile-spasms-a-systematic-review
#11
Ji Min Song, Jongsung Hahn, Se Hee Kim, Min Jung Chang
OBJECTIVES: West syndrome (also known as infantile spasm because of its main seizure type) is a rare form of epilepsy that begins during early infancy. Recent guidelines and reviews on West syndrome recommend the use of adrenocorticotropic hormone steroids, or vigabatrin, as the first-line treatment. However, West syndrome remains to be one of the most challenging epilepsies to treat. Here, we systematically reviewed the current literature obtained during the previous decade. This article provides an overview of the current treatment of infantile spasms...
March 2017: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278210/sexual-learning-among-east-african-adolescents-in-the-context-of-generalized-hiv-epidemics-a-systematic-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#12
Amelia S Knopf, Kim R McNealy, Halima Al-Khattab, Lisa Carter-Harris, Ukamaka Marian Oruche, Violet Naanyu, Claire Burke Draucker
BACKGROUND: AIDS-related illness is the leading cause of mortality for adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa. Together, Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda account for 21% of HIV-infected adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa. The United Nations framework for addressing the epidemic among adolescents calls for comprehensive sexual and reproductive health education. These HIV prevention efforts could be informed by a synthesis of existing research about the formal and informal sexual education of adolescents in countries experiencing generalized epidemics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267554/is-gender-still-a-predisposing-factor-in-contrast-media-associated-adverse-drug-reactions-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials-and-observational-studies
#13
Heeyoung Lee, Seungyeon Song, Yun-Kyoung Oh, WonKu Kang, Eunyoung Kim
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of gender as a risk factor for developing contrast media-associated adverse drug reactions (CM-ADRs) by comparing the incidence of CM-ADR between male and female patients according to study design, ADR type, and computed tomography (CT) examination. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We systematically searched three electronic databases for eligible studies. In the studies included (n=18), we assessed effect estimates of the relative incidence of CM-ADR, analysed by experimental design, ADR type and CT examination...
April 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263953/transient-elastography-versus-hepatic-venous-pressure-gradient-for-diagnosing-portal-hypertension-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Gaeun Kim, Moon Young Kim, Soon Koo Baik
Background/Aims: Transient elastography (TE) has been proposed as a promising noninvasive alternative to hepatic venous pressure gradient (HVPG) for detecting portal hypertension (PH). However, previous studies have yielded conflicting results. We gathered evidence from literature on the clinical usefulness of TE versus HVPG for assessing PH. Methods: We conducted a systematic review by searching databases for relevant literature evaluating the clinical usefulness of non-invasive TE for assessing PH in patients with cirrhosis...
March 7, 2017: Clinical and Molecular Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263660/a-meta-analysis-of-treatment-interventions-for-internet-addiction-among-korean-adolescents
#15
JongSerl Chun, HaiSun Shim, Soyoun Kim
This study comprehensively examined the effects of treatment interventions for Internet addiction among adolescents in South Korea through a meta-analysis. We analyzed 70 domestic master's theses and journal articles that reported on controlled studies and involved pre- and post-test analyses in the design. The dates of these publications fall between 2000 and 2015. The total effect size, calculated by random-effect analysis (g), revealed that interventions for the treatment of Internet addiction were effective (ES = 1...
March 6, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251356/midterm-outcomes-of-injectable-bulking-agents-for-fecal-incontinence-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
K D Hong, J S Kim, W B Ji, J W Um
BACKGROUND: Various bulking agents have been used to treat fecal incontinence. While short-term outcomes are attractive, there is still a lack of long-term data. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the midterm outcomes of treatment with injectable bulking agents and to identify predictive factors for improvement in incontinence. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and Cochrane Library databases were searched using the terms injection, bulking agents, and fecal incontinence...
March 1, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248714/nebulization-of-antiinfective-agents-in-invasively-mechanically-ventilated-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Candela Solé-Lleonart, Jean-Jacques Rouby, Stijn Blot, Garyfallia Poulakou, Jean Chastre, Lucy B Palmer, Matteo Bassetti, Charles-Edouard Luyt, Jose M Pereira, Jordi Riera, Tim Felton, Jayesh Dhanani, Tobias Welte, Jose M Garcia-Alamino, Jason A Roberts, Jordi Rello
BACKGROUND: Nebulization of antiinfective agents is a common but unstandardized practice in critically ill patients. METHODS: A systematic review of 1,435 studies was performed in adults receiving invasive mechanical ventilation. Two different administration strategies (adjunctive and substitute) were considered clinically relevant. Inclusion was restricted to studies using jet, ultrasonic, and vibrating-mesh nebulizers. Studies involving children, colonized-but-not-infected adults, and cystic fibrosis patients were excluded...
March 1, 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247849/meta-analysis-of-the-usefulness-of-plasma-galectin-3-to-predict-the-risk-of-mortality-in-patients-with-heart-failure-and-in-the-general-population
#18
Tasnim F Imran, Hyun Joon Shin, Njambi Mathenge, Frank Wang, Bernard Kim, Jacob Joseph, J Michael Gaziano, Luc Djoussé
Galectin-3 is an emerging biomarker of myocardial fibrosis, inflammation, and immune response. We sought to examine the relation of plasma galectin-3 with cardiovascular (CVD) mortality, all-cause mortality, and incident heart failure (HF). We performed a literature search for all relevant publications using Ovid MEDLINE, Google Scholar, and other databases up to January 2016. Two reviewers independently extracted data and assessed risk of bias. We extracted hazard ratios (HRs) from regression models that adjusted for age, gender, race, body mass index, smoking, hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes, natriuretic peptides, and renal function, when available...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241023/diagnostic-value-of-urodynamic-bladder-outlet-obstruction-to-select-patients-for-transurethral-surgery-of-the-prostate-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Myong Kim, Chang Wook Jeong, Seung-June Oh
PURPOSE: To investigate the diagnostic value of urodynamic bladder outlet obstruction (BOO) in the selection of patients for transurethral surgery of the prostate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We systematically searched online PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases from January 1989 to June 2014. RESULTS: A total of 19 articles met the eligibility criteria for this systematic review. The eligible studies included a total of 2321 patients with a median number of 92 patients per study (range: 12-437)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225198/adjunctive-steroid-therapy-versus-antibiotics-alone-for-acute-endophthalmitis-after-intraocular-procedure
#20
REVIEW
Carole H Kim, Monica F Chen, Anne L Coleman
BACKGROUND: Endophthalmitis refers to severe infection within the eye that involves the aqueous humor or vitreous humor, or both, and threatens vision. Most cases of endophthalmitis are exogenous (i.e. due to inoculation of organisms from an outside source), and most exogenous endophthalmitis is acute and occurs after an intraocular procedure. The mainstay of treatment is emergent administration of broad-spectrum intravitreous antibiotics. Due to their anti-inflammatory effects, steroids in conjunction with antibiotics have been proposed to be beneficial in endophthalmitis management...
February 22, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
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