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Karen P Hayhurst, Matthias Pierce, Matthew Hickman, Toby Seddon, Graham Dunn, John Keane, Tim Millar
BACKGROUND: Although evidence points to a strong link between illicit drug use and crime, robust evidence for temporal order in the relationship is scant. We carried out a systematic review to assess the evidence for pathways through opiate/crack cocaine use and offending to determine temporal order. METHODS: A systematic review sourced five databases, three online sources, bibliographies and citation mapping. Inclusion criteria were: focus on opiate/crack use, and offending; pre-drug use information; longitudinal design; corroborative official crime records...
October 19, 2016: International Journal on Drug Policy
Yanping Wang, Jin Li, Thomas F Kolon, Alicia Olivant Fisher, T Ernesto Figueroa, Ahmad H BaniHani, Jennifer A Hagerty, Ricardo Gonzalez, Paul H Noh, Rosetta M Chiavacci, Kisha R Harden, Debra J Abrams, Deborah Stabley, Cecilia E Kim, Katia Sol-Church, Hakon Hakonarson, Marcella Devoto, Julia Spencer Barthold
BACKGROUND: Copy number variation (CNV) is a potential contributing factor to many genetic diseases. Here we investigated the potential association of CNV with nonsyndromic cryptorchidism, the most common male congenital genitourinary defect, in a Caucasian population. METHODS: Genome wide genotyping were performed in 559 cases and 1772 controls (Group 1) using Illumina HumanHap550 v1, HumanHap550 v3 or Human610-Quad platforms and in 353 cases and 1149 controls (Group 2) using the Illumina Human OmniExpress 12v1 or Human OmniExpress 12v1-1...
October 21, 2016: BMC Urology
Hae Jin Park, Kyung Hwan Shin, Jin Ho Kim, Seung Do Ahn, Ja Young Kim, Won Park, Yong Bae Kim, Yeon-Joo Kim, Jin Hee Kim, Kyubo Kim, Kyung Ran Park, Hyun Soo Shin, Bae Kwon Jeong, Sun Young Lee, Suzy Kim
Purpose: In a recent meta-analysis, post-mastectomy radiotherapy (PMRT) reduced any first recurrence (AFR) and improved survival in N1 and N2 patients. We investigated risk factors for AFR in N1 after optimal systemic therapy without PMRT, to define a subgroup of patients who may benefit from PMRT. Materials and Methods: 1,382 pT1-2N1M0 breast cancer patients treated with mastectomy without PMRT between 2005 and 2010 were retrospectively analyzed. Only 0.6% had no systemic therapy...
October 19, 2016: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
Jun Ho Kim, Kyung Hee Lee, Kyoung-Tae Kim, Hyun Jung Kim, Hyeong Sik Ahn, Yeo Ju Kim, Ha Young Lee, Yong Sun Jeon
OBJECTIVE: To compare the diagnostic accuracy of digital tomosynthesis (DTS) to that of chest radiography for the detection of pulmonary nodules by meta-analysis. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed to identify relevant original studies from January 1, 1976 to August 31, 2016. The quality of included studies was assessed by quality assessment of diagnostic accuracy studies (QUADAS-2). Per-patient data were used to calculate the sensitivity and specificity and per-lesion data were used to calculate the detection rate...
October 19, 2016: British Journal of Radiology
Dong-Ho Shin, Sung-Jin Hong, Gary S Mintz, Jung-Sun Kim, Byeong-Keuk Kim, Young-Guk Ko, Donghoon Choi, Yangsoo Jang, Myeong-Ki Hong
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical usefulness of intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided new-generation drug-eluting stent (DES) implantation using a meta-analysis of individual patient-level data from randomized trials. BACKGROUND: Published randomized trials that compare IVUS-guided versus angiography-guided new-generation DES implantation are scarce. METHODS: Searches of the MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane databases were performed to find randomized trials that compared IVUS-guided versus angiography-guided new-generation DES implantation...
October 6, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
Nicola Lindson-Hawley, Jamie Hartmann-Boyce, Thomas R Fanshawe, Rachna Begh, Amanda Farley, Tim Lancaster
BACKGROUND: Although smoking cessation is currently the only guaranteed way to reduce the harm caused by tobacco smoking, a reasonable secondary tobacco control approach may be to try and reduce the harm from continued tobacco use amongst smokers unable or unwilling to quit. Possible approaches to reduce the exposure to toxins from smoking include reducing the amount of tobacco used, and using less toxic products, such as pharmaceutical, nicotine and potential reduced-exposure tobacco products (PREPs), as an alternative to cigarettes...
October 13, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Yoo Jee Hee, Chang Seok Bang, Gwang Ho Baik, In Soo Shin, Ki Tae Suk, Tae Young Park, Dong Joon Kim
PURPOSE: Colorectal neoplasm and ischemic heart disease (IHD) share common risk factors. However, clinical guidance about screening or surveillance of colorectal neoplasm in patients with IHD has not been made. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between IHD and the development of colorectal neoplasm. METHODS: A systematic literature review was conducted using the core databases (MEDLINE through PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library). The data about the association between IHD and the development of colorectal neoplasm were extracted and analyzed using odds ratio (OR)...
2016: SpringerPlus
Jae-Sik Jang, Ho-Cheol Shin, Jong Seok Bae, Han-Young Jin, Jeong-Sook Seo, Tae-Hyun Yang, Dae-Kyeong Kim, Kyoung-Im Cho, Bo-Hyun Kim, Yong Hyun Park, Hyung-Gon Je, Dong-Soo Kim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Intravascular ultrasound (IVUS)-guided percutaneous coronary intervention frequently results in unnecessary stenting due to the low positive predictive value of IVUS-derived minimal lumen area (MLA) for identification of functionally significant coronary stenosis. We appraised the diagnostic accuracy of IVUS-derived MLA compared with the fractional flow reserve (FFR) to assess intermediate coronary stenosis. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: We searched MEDLINE and Cochrane databases for studies using IVUS and FFR methods to establish the best MLA cut-off values to predict significant non-left main coronary artery stenosis...
September 2016: Korean Circulation Journal
Chul Hwan Park, Kyunghwa Han, Jin Hur, Sang Min Lee, Ji Won Lee, Sung Ho Hwang, Jae Seung Seo, Kye Ho Lee, Woocheol Kwon, Tae Hoon Kim, Byoung Wook Choi
BACKGROUND: An optimal method of pre-operative localization for pulmonary nodules has yet to be established. This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to compare the success and complication rates associated with three pulmonary nodule localization methods for video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS): hook-wire localization, microcoil localization, and lipiodol localization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched the PubMed, MEDLINE, and EMBASE databases for prospective or retrospective English language studies of VATS localization in adult patients...
October 4, 2016: Chest
Clara Sze-Man Tang, Hongsheng Gui, Ashish Kapoor, Jeong-Hyun Kim, Berta Luzón-Toro, Anna Pelet, Grzegorz Burzynski, Francesca Lantieri, Man-Ting So, Courtney Berrios, Hyoung Doo Shin, Raquel M Fernández, Thuy-Linh Le, Joke B G M Verheij, Ivana Matera, Stacey S Cherny, Priyanka Nandakumar, Hyun Sub Cheong, Guillermo Antiñolo, Jeanne Amiel, Jeong-Meen Seo, Dae-Yeon Kim, Jung-Tak Oh, Stanislas Lyonnet, Salud Borrego, Isabella Ceccherini, Robert M W Hofstra, Aravinda Chakravarti, Hyun-Young Kim, Pak Chung Sham, Paul K H Tam, Maria-Mercè Garcia-Barceló
Hirschsprung disease (HSCR) is the most common cause of neonatal intestinal obstruction. It is characterized by the absence of ganglia in the nerve plexuses of the lower gastrointestinal tract. So far, three common disease-susceptibility variants at the RET, SEMA3 and NRG1 loci have been detected through genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in Europeans and Asians to understand its genetic etiologies. Here we present a trans-ethnic meta-analysis of 507 HSCR cases and 1191 controls, combining all published GWAS results on HSCR to fine-map these loci and narrow down the putatively causal variants to 99% credible sets...
October 3, 2016: Human Molecular Genetics
Luca A Lotta, Stephen J Sharp, Stephen Burgess, John R B Perry, Isobel D Stewart, Sara M Willems, Jian'an Luan, Eva Ardanaz, Larraitz Arriola, Beverley Balkau, Heiner Boeing, Panos Deloukas, Nita G Forouhi, Paul W Franks, Sara Grioni, Rudolf Kaaks, Timothy J Key, Carmen Navarro, Peter M Nilsson, Kim Overvad, Domenico Palli, Salvatore Panico, Jose-Ramón Quirós, Elio Riboli, Olov Rolandsson, Carlotta Sacerdote, Elena Salamanca-Fernandez, Nadia Slimani, Annemieke M W Spijkerman, Anne Tjonneland, Rosario Tumino, Daphne L van der A, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Mark I McCarthy, Inês Barroso, Stephen O'Rahilly, David B Savage, Naveed Sattar, Claudia Langenberg, Robert A Scott, Nicholas J Wareham
Importance: Low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C)-lowering alleles in or near NPC1L1 or HMGCR, encoding the respective molecular targets of ezetimibe and statins, have previously been used as proxies to study the efficacy of these lipid-lowering drugs. Alleles near HMGCR are associated with a higher risk of type 2 diabetes, similar to the increased incidence of new-onset diabetes associated with statin treatment in randomized clinical trials. It is unknown whether alleles near NPC1L1 are associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes...
October 4, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Jann P Foster, Kim Psaila, Tiffany Patterson
BACKGROUND: Non-nutritive sucking (NNS) is used during gavage feeding and in the transition from gavage to breast/bottle feeding in preterm infants to improve the development of sucking behavior and the digestion of enteral feedings. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of non-nutritive sucking on physiologic stability and nutrition in preterm infants. SEARCH METHODS: We used the standard search strategy of the Cochrane Neonatal Review group to search the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL; 2016, Issue 1), MEDLINE via PubMed (1966 to 25 February 2016), Embase (1980 to 25 February 2016), and CINAHL (1982 to 25 February 2016)...
October 4, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Steven R Brant, David T Okou, Claire L Simpson, David J Cutler, Talin Haritunians, Jonathan P Bradfield, Pankaj Chopra, Jarod Prince, Ferdouse Begum, Archana Kumar, Chengrui Huang, Suresh Venkateswaran, Lisa W Datta, Zhi Wei, Kelly Thomas, Lisa J Herrinton, Jan-Micheal A Klapproth, Antonio J Quiros, Jenifer Seminerio, Zhenqiu Liu, Jonathan S Alexander, Robert N Baldassano, Sharon Dudley-Brown, Raymond K Cross, Themistocles Dassopoulos, Lee A Denson, Tanvi A Dhere, Gerald W Dryden, John S Hanson, Jason K Hou, Sunny Z Hussain, Jeffrey S Hyams, Kim L Isaacs, Howard Kader, Michael D Kappelman, Jeffry Katz, Richard Kellermayer, Barbara S Kirschner, John F Kuemmerle, John H Kwon, Mark Lazarev, Ellen Li, David Mack, Peter Mannon, Dedrick E Moulton, Rodney D Newberry, Bankole O Osuntokun, Ashish S Patel, Shehzad A Saeed, Stephan R Targan, John F Valentine, Ming-Hsi Wang, Martin Zonca, John D Rioux, Richard H Duerr, Mark S Silverberg, Judy H Cho, Hakon Hakonarson, Michael E Zwick, Dermot P B McGovern, Subra Kugathasan
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) cause significant morbidity and are increasing in prevalence among all populations, including African Americans. More than 200 susceptibility loci have been identified in populations of predominantly European ancestry, but few loci have been associated with IBD in other ethnicities. METHODS: We performed 2 high-density, genome-wide scans comprising 2345 cases of African Americans with IBD (1646 with CD, 583 with UC, and 116 inflammatory bowel disease unclassified [IBD-U]) and 5002 individuals without IBD (controls, identified from the Health Retirement Study and Kaiser Permanente database)...
September 28, 2016: Gastroenterology
Young-Wan Moon, Hyun-Jung Kim, Hyeong-Sik Ahn, Chan-Deok Park, Dae-Hee Lee
BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis was designed to compare the accuracy of soft tissue balancing and femoral component rotation as well as change in joint line positions, between the measured resection and gap balancing techniques in primary total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: Studies were included in the meta-analysis if they compared soft tissue balancing and/or radiologic outcomes in patients who underwent total knee arthroplasty with the gap balancing and measured resection techniques...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Hee Jun Kim, Gee Su Yang, Joel D Greenspan, Katherine D Downton, Kathleen A Griffith, Cynthia L Renn, Meg Johantgen, Susan G Dorsey
Our objective was to describe the racial and ethnic differences in experimental pain sensitivity. Four databases (PubMed, EMBASE, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and PsycINFO) were searched for studies examining racial/ethnic differences in experimental pain sensitivity. Thermal-heat, cold-pressor, pressure, ischemic, mechanical cutaneous, electrical, and chemical experimental pain modalities were assessed. Risk of bias was assessed using the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality guideline...
September 24, 2016: Pain
Jeong Lae Kim, Jong-Hoon Park, Seung-Beom Han, Il Youp Cho, Ki-Mo Jang
BACKGROUND: Blood loss occurs significantly more frequently during total hip and knee arthroplasty than among any other type of orthopedic operation, which can sometimes lead to requiring a blood transfusion. Although allogeneic blood transfusion has been identified as a risk factor for postoperative surgical-site infection following arthroplasty, results are inconclusive. The purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic meta-analysis to investigate whether having an allogeneic blood transfusion significantly increases the risk for surgical-site infection, particularly after total hip and knee arthroplasty...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Hong-Bae Kim, Seung-Kwon Myung, Yon Chul Park, Byoungjin Park
Several observational epidemiological studies have reported inconsistent results on the association between the use of benzodiazepine and the risk of cancer. We investigated the association by using a meta-analysis. We searched PubMed, EMBASE, and the bibliographies of relevant articles to locate additional publications in January 2016. Three evaluators independently reviewed and selected eligible studies based on predetermined selection criteria. Of 796 articles meeting our initial criteria, a total of 22 observational epidemiological studies with 18 case-control studies and 4 cohort studies were included in the final analysis...
September 26, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Jae Hyun Jung, Gwan Gyu Song, Jae-Hoon Kim, Young Ho Seo, Sung Jae Choi
BACKGROUND: Factor XIII plays an important role in the stabilization of the linkage between fibrins and in the pathophysiology of coronary artery disease (CAD). The association between factor XIII Val34Leu polymorphism and CAD risk remains controversial. METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis of 36 studies involving 26,940 cases and 34,694 controls. Subgroup analyses were performed with division of data into disease (myocardial infarction [MI], CAD without MI), age, and sex...
September 26, 2016: Cardiology Journal
Sung Ryul Shim, Se Joong Kim, Sun Il Kim, Dae Sung Cho
PURPOSE: Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS) has been reported to predict oncologic outcomes in various type of cancer. However, their prognostic value in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is unclear. In this meta-analysis, we evaluated the prognostic significance of GPS in RCC patients. METHODS: We performed comprehensive searches of electronic databases to identify studies that evaluated the prognostic impact of pretreatment GPS in RCC patients. The end points were cancer-specific survival (CSS), recurrence-free/disease-free survival (RFS/DFS)...
September 24, 2016: World Journal of Urology
Byung Gun Lim, Il Ok Lee, Hyeongsik Ahn, Dong Kyu Lee, Young Ju Won, Hyun Jung Kim, Heezoo Kim
BACKGROUND: The differences in the incidence and severity of emergence agitation (EA) and emergence times between desflurane and sevoflurane anesthesia have not been as clearly elucidated in children as in adults. METHODS: The design of the study is a systematic review with meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. The study methodology is based on the Cochrane Review Methods. A comprehensive literature search was conducted to identify clinical trials comparing the incidence or severity of EA and emergence times in children anesthetized with desflurane or sevoflurane...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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