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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210806/the-current-state-of-orthopaedic-residency-in-18-european-countries
#1
Rami Madanat, Tatu J Mäkinen, Daniel Ryan, Gazi Huri, Nikolaos Paschos, Joao Vide
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare differences in current orthopaedic and trauma training programs across Europe. METHODS: A questionnaire was sent to the FORTE (Federation of Orthopaedic Trainees in Europe) representatives of 25 different European countries, of which 18 responded. The questionnaire included demographic information and information concerning the structure of the training programs, including duration, selection, and mandatory training requirements...
February 16, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209906/first-evaluation-of-pet-based-human-biodistribution-and-dosimetry-of-18-f-faza-a-tracer-for-imaging-tumor-hypoxia
#2
Savi Annarita, Elena Incerti, Federico Fallanca, Valentino Bettinardi, Francesca Rossetti, Cristina Monterisi, Antonia Compierchio, Giampiero Negri, Piero Zannini, Luigi Gianolli, Maria Picchio
Fluorine-18 labelled fluoroazomycinarabinoside ((18)F-FAZA) is a positron emission tomography (PET) biomarker for non-invasive identification of regional tumor hypoxia. Aim of the present Phase I study was to firstly evaluate in non-small cell lung cancer patients the human biodistribution and dosimetry of (18)F-FAZA. Methods: Five patients awaiting surgical resection after histologically proven or radiologically suspected non-small cell lung cancer were prospectively enrolled for the study. The patients underwent a PET/computed tomography (CT) study after the injection of 371±32 MBq of (18)F-FAZA...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209533/hospital-admission-after-gastric-bypass-a-nationwide-cohort-study-with-up-to-6-years-follow-up
#3
Gustaf Bruze, Johan Ottosson, Martin Neovius, Ingmar Näslund, Richard Marsk
BACKGROUND: Several studies have addressed short-term admission rates after bariatric surgery. However, studies on long-term admission rates are few and population based studies are even scarcer. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess short- and long-term admission rates for gastrointestinal surgery after gastric bypass in Sweden compared with admission rates in the general population. SETTING: Swedish healthcare system. METHODS: The surgery cohort consisted of adults with body mass index≥35 identified in the Scandinavian Obesity Surgery Registry (n = 28,331; mean age 41 years; 76% women; Roux-en-Y gastric bypass performed 2007-2012)...
January 5, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206921/empowering-surgical-residents-as-mentors-a-pilot-program-for-female-medical-students
#4
Sidrah Khan, Paula Ferrada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203253/the-use-of-laparoscopy-simulation-to-explore-gender-differences-in-resident-surgical-confidence
#5
Rebecca L Flyckt, Eliza E White, Linnea R Goodman, Catherine Mohr, Sanjeev Dutta, Kristine M Zanotti
Background. The objective of this study was to determine whether female surgical residents underestimate their surgical abilities relative to males on a standardized test of laparoscopic skill. Methods. Twenty-six male and female general surgery residents and 25 female obstetrics and gynecology residents at two academic centers were asked to predict their score prior to undergoing the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery standardized skills exam. Actual and predicted score as well as delta values (predicted score minus actual score) were compared between residents...
2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203055/resident-surgeon-efficiency-in-femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-surgery
#6
Andrew C Pittner, Brian R Sullivan
PURPOSE: Comparison of resident surgeon performance efficiencies in femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) versus conventional phacoemulsification. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted on consecutive patients undergoing phacoemulsification cataract surgery performed by senior ophthalmology residents under the supervision of 1 attending physician during a 9-month period in a large Veterans Affairs medical center. Medical records were reviewed for demographic information, preoperative nucleus grade, femtosecond laser pretreatment, operative procedure times, total operating room times, and surgical complications...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196696/patients-hospitalized-abroad-as-importers-of-multiresistant-bacteria-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Tamim Khawaja, Juha Kirveskari, Sara Johansson, Juuso Väisänen, Aurora Djupsjöbacka, Annika Nevalainen, Anu Kantele
OBJECTIVES: The pandemic spread of multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria poses a threat to healthcare worldwide, with highest prevalence in indigent regions of the (sub)tropics. As hospitalization constitutes a major risk factor for colonization, infection control management in low-prevalence countries urgently needs background data on patients hospitalized abroad. METHODS: We collected data on 1122 patients who, after hospitalization abroad, were treated at the Helsinki University Hospital between 2010 and 2013...
February 11, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196042/the-use-of-the-h-index-in-academic-orthopaedic-surgery
#8
Sevag Bastian, Joseph A Ippolito, Santiago A Lopez, Jean Anderson Eloy, Kathleen S Beebe
BACKGROUND: The Hirsch index (h-index), widely considered a valuable measure of assessing academic productivity, has been studied in various medical and surgical specialties and has shown strong associations between higher h-indices and academic promotion, as well as with National Institutes of Health (NIH) awards. Additionally, the m-index and e-index may complement the h-index in this assessment of merit. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the h, m, and e-indices and academic rank for 2,061 academic orthopaedic surgeons in the United States...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195997/development-and-validation-of-the-cochlear-implant-surgical-competency-assessment-instrument
#9
Thomas Balkany, Kaming Lo, Howard Francis, Simon Angeli, Michael Novak, William Luxford, Rodney Lusk, Heather Strader
OBJECTIVE: We present a new instrument for evaluation of cochlear implant (CI) surgical skills and review its validation process. METHODS: An instrument to assess CI surgical competency incorporated results of structured surveys of comprehensiveness sent to 30 international CI experts and US trainees. One-hundred evaluations of 28 residents, fellows, and practicing CI surgeons were completed. Surgical skills were evaluated by four experienced neurotologists (two raters per subject) using two temporal bones per subject...
February 10, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195022/impact-of-county-level-socioeconomic-status-on-oropharyngeal-cancer-survival-in-the-united-states
#10
Uchechukwu C Megwalu
Objective To evaluate the impact of county-level socioeconomic status on survival in patients with oropharyngeal cancer in the United States. Study Design Retrospective cohort study via a large population-based cancer database. Methods Data were extracted from the SEER 18 database (Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results) of the National Cancer Institute. The study cohort included 18,791 patients diagnosed with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma between 2004 and 2012. Results Patients residing in counties with a low socioeconomic status index had worse overall survival (56...
February 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194616/impact-of-fellow-versus-resident-assistance-on-outcomes-following-pancreatoduodenectomy
#11
Rosalie A Carr, Catherine W Chung, Christian M Schmidt, Andrea Jester, Molly E Kilbane, Michael G House, Nicholas J Zyromski, Attila Nakeeb, C Max Schmidt, Eugene P Ceppa
BACKGROUND: Participation by surgical trainees in complex procedures is key to their development as future practicing surgeons. The impact of surgical fellows versus general surgery resident assistance on outcomes in pancreatoduodenectomy (PD) has not been well studied. The purpose of this study was to determine differences in patient outcomes based on level of surgical trainee. METHODS: Consecutive cases of PD (n = 254) were reviewed at a single high-volume institution over a 2-year period (July 2013-June 2015)...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193299/otolaryngology-outreach-to-komfo-anokye-teaching-hospital-a-medical-and-educational-partnership
#12
B Waller, R Larsen-Reindorf, M Duah, J Opoku-Buabeng, B M Edwards, D Brown, J Moyer, M Prince, G J Basura
BACKGROUND: Medical and educational partnerships between high- and low-resourced countries provide opportunities to have a long-term meaningful impact on medical training and healthcare delivery. METHODS: An otolaryngology partnership between Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital in Kumasi, Ghana, and the University of Michigan Department of Otolaryngology/Head and Neck Surgery has been undertaken to enhance healthcare delivery at both institutions. RESULTS: A temporal bone dissection laboratory, with the equipment to perform dedicated otological surgery, and academic platforms for clinical and medical education and residency training have been established...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193248/formal-mentorship-in-a-surgical-residency-training-program-a-prospective-interventional-study
#13
Han Zhang, Andre Isaac, Erin D Wright, Yaser Alrajhi, Hadi Seikaly
BACKGROUND: Otolaryngology-Head and Neck surgery resident physicians (OHNSR) have a high prevalence of burnout, job dissatisfaction and stress as shown within the literature. Formal mentorship programs (FMP) have a proven track record of enhancing professional development and academic success. More importantly FMP have an overall positive impact on residents and assist in improving job satisfaction. The purpose of the study is to determine the effects of a FMP on the well-being of OHNSR...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192383/pilot-study-evaluating-the-impact-of-otology-surgery-videos-on-otolaryngology-resident-education
#14
Charles Poon, Shawn M Stevens, Justin S Golub, Myles L Pensak, Ravi N Samy
OBJECTIVES: Use of videos as educational tools is not a novel concept; however, there is a paucity of high-quality video resources available to otolaryngology trainees. We hypothesized that residents would deem surgical-videos using a multimedia-style format more valuable as preparatory tools. Aims of this study: 1) develop portfolio of otology/neurotology videos overviewing key steps, anatomy, and pearls by a senior surgeon; 2) have residents rate the effectiveness of the videos as a preoperative tool...
March 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182824/a-portable-shoulder-mounted-camera-system-for-surgical-education-in-spine-surgery
#15
Martin H Pham, Ifije E Ohiorhenuan, Neil N Patel, Andre M Jakoi, Patrick C Hsieh, Frank L Acosta, Jeffrey C Wang, John C Liu
The past several years have demonstrated an increased recognition of operative videos as an important adjunct for resident education. Currently lacking, however, are effective methods to record video for the purposes of illustrating the techniques of minimally invasive (MIS) and complex spine surgery. We describe here our experiences developing and using a shoulder-mounted camera system for recording surgical video. Our requirements for an effective camera system included wireless portability to allow for movement around the operating room, camera mount location for comfort and loupes/headlight usage, battery life for long operative days, and sterile control of on/off recording...
February 7, 2017: Surgical Technology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178918/global-health-training-among-u-s-residency-specialties-a-systematic-literature-review
#16
Duncan K Hau, Luke R Smart, Jennifer I DiPace, Robert N Peck
BACKGROUND: Interest in global health training during residency is increasing. Global health knowledge is also becoming essential for health-care delivery today. Many U.S. residency programs have been incorporating global health training opportunities for their residents. We performed a systematic literature review to evaluate global health training opportunities and challenges among U.S. residency specialties. METHODS: We searched PubMed from its earliest dates until October 2015...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176544/self-directed-learning-in-otolaryngology-residents-preparation-for-surgical-cases
#17
Jad Jabbour, Anna Bakeman, Thomas Robey, Noel Jabbour
OBJECTIVES: To characterize the nature of surgical preparation among otolaryngology residents nationwide, determine the self-rated effectiveness and efficiency of case preparation practices, and identify potential means for educational improvement. METHODS: A survey examining the study objectives was developed and distributed to otolaryngology residents nationwide. Survey response data were submitted to descriptive analysis and comparative analyses between junior and senior residents...
February 1, 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176448/intraoperative-image-navigation-experimental-study-of-the-feasibility-and-surgeon-preference-between-a-sterile-encased-nintendo-wii-tm-remote-and-standard-wireless-computer-mouse
#18
Ryan Appleby, Alex Zur Linden, William Sears
Diagnostic imaging plays an important role in the operating room, providing surgeons with a reference and surgical plan. Surgeon autonomy in the operating room has been suggested to decrease errors that stem from communication mistakes. A standard computer mouse was compared to a wireless remote-control style controller for computer game consoles (Wiimote) for the navigation of diagnostic imaging studies by sterile personnel in this prospective survey study. Participants were recruited from a cohort of residents and faculty that use the surgical suites at our institution...
February 7, 2017: Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174395/-the-past-present-and-future-of-the-japanese-board-of-cardiovascular-surgery
#19
Kazuhiro Hashimoto
The Japanese Board of Cardiovascular Surgery(JBCVS) was established in 2002 by 3 surgical societies. The JBCVS was designed to function as a committee independent from these 3 surgical societies. Even though we revised and updated the several requirements for residents and renewal in board holders, the number of specialists increased and reaches 1,900 recently. In May 2014, Japan's Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare announced plans to renew the Japanese Medical Specialty Board system. The new system aims to qualify doctors not by their own academic societies but by an independent committee [the Japanese Medical Specialty Board (JMSB) established in April 2014] and to monitor and ensure continuous lifetime education in order to provide high-quality and appropriate medical care to the people of Japan and to increase the public's trust in their medical providers...
January 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28171711/useful-of-temporal-bone-prototype-for-drilling-training%C3%A2-a-prospective-study
#20
C Aussedat, F Venail, Y Nguyen, E Lescanne, M Marx, D Bakhos
OBJECTIVES: Dissection of cadaveric temporal bones (TBs) is considered the gold standard for surgical training in otology. For many reasons, access to the anatomic lab and cadaveric TBs is difficult for some facilities. The aim of this prospective and comparative study was to evaluate the usefulness of a physical TB prototype for drilling training in residency. DESIGN: Prospective study. SETTING: Tertiary referral centre. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-four residents were included...
February 7, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
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