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Brian C Peach
INTRODUCTION: The Society of Critical-Care Medicine and the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine recently announced a marked change in the sepsis definition. A task force of 19 sepsis clinicians and researchers made the change based on advances in the pathobiological understanding of the septic process. SUMMARY OF CHANGE: The task force determined that there were numerous justifications for a revision of the sepsis definition, which are outlined in this article...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
E J Giamarellos-Bourboulis, T Tsaganos, I Tsangaris, M Lada, C Routsi, D Sinapidis, M Koupetori, M Bristianou, G Adamis, K Mandragos, G N Dalekos, I Kritselis, G Giannikopoulos, I Koutelidakis, M Pavlaki, E Antoniadou, G Vlachogiannis, V Koulouras, A Prekates, G Dimopoulos, A Koutsoukou, I Pnevmatikos, A Ioakeimidou, A Kotanidou, S E Orfanos, A Armaganidis, C Gogos
OBJECTIVES: Sepsis-3 definitions generated controversies regarding their general applicability. The Sepsis-3 Task Force outlined the need for validation with emphasis on the quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) score. This was done in a prospective cohort from a different healthcare setting. METHODS: Patients with infections and at least two signs of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) were analysed. Sepsis was defined as total SOFA ≥2 outside the intensive care unit (ICU) or as an increase of ICU admission SOFA ≥2...
November 14, 2016: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
Kwok M Ho, Norris S H Lan
PURPOSE: We sought to determine whether quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) score can be used to predict mortality of patients without suspected infection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using prospectively collected data within the first hour of intensive care unit admission, the predictive ability of qSOFA was compared with the Simplified Acute Physiology Score III, Admission Mortality Prediction Model III, Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II model, and standard (full-version) SOFA score using area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC) curve and Brier score...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
Thomas Desautels, Jacob Calvert, Jana Hoffman, Melissa Jay, Yaniv Kerem, Lisa Shieh, David Shimabukuro, Uli Chettipally, Mitchell D Feldman, Chris Barton, David J Wales, Ritankar Das
BACKGROUND: Sepsis is one of the leading causes of mortality in hospitalized patients. Despite this fact, a reliable means of predicting sepsis onset remains elusive. Early and accurate sepsis onset predictions could allow more aggressive and targeted therapy while maintaining antimicrobial stewardship. Existing detection methods suffer from low performance and often require time-consuming laboratory test results. OBJECTIVE: To study and validate a sepsis prediction method, InSight, for the new Sepsis-3 definitions in retrospective data, make predictions using a minimal set of variables from within the electronic health record data, compare the performance of this approach with existing scoring systems, and investigate the effects of data sparsity on InSight performance...
September 30, 2016: JMIR Medical Informatics
K de Leeuw, A S Niemeijer, J Eshuis, M K Nieuwenhuis, G I J M Beerthuizen, W M T Janssen
INTRODUCTION: In patients with severe burns, resuscitation with large volumes of fluid is needed, partly because of an increase in capillary leakage. Corticosteroids might be beneficial by diminishing capillary leakage. This study aimed to assess in severely burned nonseptic patients whether hydrocortisone (HC) improved outcome and diminished capillary leakage. METHODS: Retrospective analyses of a prospectively collected database were performed, including 39 patients (age 52 [35-62] years, 72% male)...
June 23, 2016: Journal of Critical Care
Jun-Yu Wang, Yun-Xia Chen, Shu-Bin Guo, Xue Mei, Peng Yang
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study are to investigate the performance of the quick Sepsis-related Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) in predicting mortality and intensive care unit (ICU) admission in patients with clinically diagnosed infection and to compare its performance with that of Mortality in Emergency Department Sepsis (MEDS), Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation (APACHE) II, and Sepsis-related Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA). METHODS: From July to December 2015, we retrospectively analyzed 477 patients clinically diagnosed with infection in the emergency department...
September 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Panita Worapratya, Apisit Wanjaroenchaisuk, Jutharat Joraluck, Prasit Wuthisuthimethawee
BACKGROUND: Since early goal-directed therapy (EGDT) became standard care in severe sepsis and septic shock patients in intensive care units many years ago, we suppose that the survival rate of severe sepsis and septic shock patients improves if the resuscitative procedure is quickly implemented and is initiated in the emergency room. OBJECTIVE: We aimed at recording emergency department time to improve our patient care system as well as determine the rate at which EGDT goals can be achieved...
2016: Open Access Emergency Medicine: OAEM
Yun-Xia Chen, Jun-Yu Wang, Shu-Bin Guo
BACKGROUND: The quick Sepsis-related Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) is a new screening system for sepsis that has prognostic performance equal to the full SOFA for patients with suspected infection outside the intensive care unit (ICU). The predictive value of qSOFA for mortality and site of care in patients with pneumonia is not clear. The present study was designed to investigate the predictive performance of qSOFA, CRB-65 (confusion, respiratory rate ≥30/minute, systolic blood pressure <90 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure ≤60 mmHg, age ≥65 years) and CRB (confusion, respiratory rate ≥30/minute, systolic blood pressure <90 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure ≤60 mmHg) for mortality, hospitalisation and ICU admission in patients with pneumonia in the emergency department (ED)...
June 1, 2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Shengjian Zhong, Chunbao Zhang, Juntao Hu, Zhanhong Tang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the results of thrombelastography (TEG) and the conventional coagulability test in patients with sepsis, and to discuss the value of TEG in monitoring blood coagulation dysfunction in patients with sepsis. METHODS: The clinical data of 92 adult patients with sepsis admitted to Department of Critical Care Medicine of the First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University were retrospectively analyzed. The patients were divided into sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score ≥ 12 group (n = 47) and SOFA < 12 group (n = 45)...
February 2016: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
Christopher W Seymour, Vincent X Liu, Theodore J Iwashyna, Frank M Brunkhorst, Thomas D Rea, André Scherag, Gordon Rubenfeld, Jeremy M Kahn, Manu Shankar-Hari, Mervyn Singer, Clifford S Deutschman, Gabriel J Escobar, Derek C Angus
IMPORTANCE: The Third International Consensus Definitions Task Force defined sepsis as "life-threatening organ dysfunction due to a dysregulated host response to infection." The performance of clinical criteria for this sepsis definition is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the validity of clinical criteria to identify patients with suspected infection who are at risk of sepsis. DESIGN, SETTINGS, AND POPULATION: Among 1.3 million electronic health record encounters from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2012, at 12 hospitals in southwestern Pennsylvania, we identified those with suspected infection in whom to compare criteria...
February 23, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Christin Edmark, Mark J W McPhail, Max Bell, Tony Whitehouse, Julia Wendon, Kenneth B Christopher
PURPOSE: To develop a liver function-related risk prediction tool to identify acute-on-chronic liver failure patients at greatest risk of in-hospital mortality. METHODS: The LiFe (liver, injury, failure, evaluation) score, was constructed based on the opinions of 157 intensivists within the European Society for Intensive Care Medicine. Experts were surveyed and instructed to weigh the diagnostic importance of each feature of a proposed prediction model. We performed a retrospective cohort study of 1916 patients with chronic liver disease admitted to a medical or surgical ICU between 1997, and 2011 in three large hospitals in Boston, USA, and London, UK, with arterial lactate, total bilirubin and INR drawn at ICU admission...
March 2016: Intensive Care Medicine
Eileen M Bulger, Addison May, Andrew Bernard, Stephen Cohn, David C Evans, Sharon Henry, Jacob Quick, Leslie Kobayashi, Kevin Foster, Therese M Duane, Robert G Sawyer, John A Kellum, Adrian Maung, Greg Maislin, David D Smith, Irit Segalovich, Wayne Dankner, Anat Shirvan
BACKGROUND: Necrotizing soft tissue infections (NSTI) represent a rare but devastating disease for which the systemic manifestations have been poorly characterized. In an effort to define an optimal endpoint for clinical trials in this condition, the objective of this study was to establish the pattern of organ dysfunction over time and determine the correlation between organ dysfunction and clinical outcome in patients with NSTI. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter, retrospective clinical study of patients with NSTI presenting to 12 academic medical centers in the U...
December 2015: Surgical Infections
Chen-June Seak, Chip-Jin Ng, David Hung-Tsang Yen, Yon-Cheong Wong, Kuang-Hung Hsu, Joanna Chen-Yeen Seak, Chen-Ken Seak
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to evaluate the performance of Simplified Acute Physiology Score II (SAPS II), the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score, and the Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score for predicting illness severity and the mortality of adult hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) patients presenting to the emergency department (ED). This will assist emergency physicians in risk stratification. METHODS: Data for 48 adult HPVG patients who visited our ED between December 2009 and December 2013 were analyzed...
December 2014: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Shuichi Hagiwara, Kiyohiro Oshima, Kazumi Furukawa, Takuro Nakamura, Yoshio Ohyama, Jun-ichi Tamura
PURPOSE: The reliable parameter, which can be obtained easily and quickly, is necessary to predict the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) of patients with cardiopulmonary arrest (CPA) in the emergency situation. In this study, we evaluated the significance of albumin corrected anion gap (ACAG) for the prediction of ROSC in patients with CPA. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In 166 patients with CPA between January 2009 and December 2010, 132 patients could be analyzed retrospectively...
2013: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Nam K Tran, David H Wisner, Timothy E Albertson, Stuart Cohen, David Greenhalgh, Tina L Palmieri, Christopher Polage, Gerald J Kost
BACKGROUND: The goal of this study is to determine the clinical value of multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) study for enhancing pathogen detection in patients with suspected septicemia after trauma, emergency, and burn surgery. PCR-based pathogen detection quickly reveals occult bloodstream infections in these high-risk patients and may accelerate the initiation of targeted antimicrobial therapy. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study comparing results for 30 trauma and emergency surgery patients to 20 burn patients...
March 2012: Surgery
H Gisquet, E Delay, P-O Paradol, G Toussoun, T Delaporte, D Perol
UNLABELLED: Seroma is the most frequent minor complication after harvesting latissimus dorsi flap for breast reconstruction. It induces patient's discomfort and multiple consultations for punctions. The dead space resulting from the harvest has to be closed by the "quilting suture" in order to prevent the seroma. Our aim is to evaluate the efficiency and the tolerance of the quilting suture by comparing two groups of 100 patients who had a breast reconstruction by the same technic of extended latissimus dorsi flap, performed by the same surgeon, from 2004 to 2007...
April 2010: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Pierre Emmanuel Charles, Sylvain Ladoire, Aurélie Snauwaert, Sébastien Prin, Serge Aho, André Pechinot, Niels-Olivier Olsson, Bernard Blettery, Jean-Marc Doise, Jean-Pierre Quenot
BACKGROUND: Blood stream infections (BSI) are life-threatening infections in intensive care units (ICU), and prognosis is highly dependent on early detection. Procalcitonin levels have been shown to accurately and quickly distinguish between BSI and noninfectious inflammatory states in critically ill patients. It is, however, unknown to what extent a recent history of sepsis (namely, secondary sepsis) can affect diagnosis of BSI using PCT. METHODS: review of the medical records of every patient with BSI in whom PCT dosage at the onset of sepsis was available between 1st September, 2006 and 31st July, 2007...
December 2, 2008: BMC Infectious Diseases
Feng Li, Hua Sun, Xu-dong Han
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of different fluids on blood pressure (BP), blood lactate clearance and mortality in patients with septic shock after early fluid resuscitation. METHODS: Sixty patients were enrolled and randomly divided into four groups according to the fluids used in resuscitation: normal saline (NS) group (15 cases), hydroxyethyl starch (HES) group (15 cases), 4% hypertonic saline solution (4%NaCl) group (15 cases), hypertonic sodium chloride hydroxyethyl starch 40 solution (HSH40) group, (15 cases)...
August 2008: Zhongguo Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue, Chinese Critical Care Medicine, Zhongguo Weizhongbing Jijiuyixue
Pierre Emmanuel Charles, Sylvain Ladoire, Serge Aho, Jean-Pierre Quenot, Jean-Marc Doise, Sébastien Prin, Niels-Olivier Olsson, Bernard Blettery
BACKGROUND: In the ICU, bacteremia is a life-threatening infection whose prognosis is highly dependent on early recognition and treatment with appropriate antibiotics. Procalcitonin levels have been shown to distinguish between bacteremia and noninfectious inflammatory states accurately and quickly in critically ill patients. However, we still do not know to what extent the magnitude of PCT elevation at the onset of bacteremia varies according to the Gram stain result. METHODS: Review of the medical records of every patient treated between May, 2004 and December, 2006 who had bacteremia caused by either Gram positive (GP) or Gram negative (GN) bacteria, and whose PCT dosage at the onset of infection was available...
2008: BMC Infectious Diseases
C Becchi, M Al Malyan, L P Fabbri, M Marsili, V Boddi, S Boncinelli
AIM: Sepsis, as an uncontrolled generalized inflammatory response, involves also the haemostatic mechanisms. Mean platelet volume (MPV) measurement has been available since 1970s, but neither its relationship with platelet count nor the clinical meaning of this relation has been understood in sepsis yet. This study aimed to evaluate both the trend and the relationship between platelet count (PC) and their MPV and to explore their significance in the course of sepsis. METHODS: Seventy septic patients, were recruited in this prospective study...
September 2006: Minerva Anestesiologica
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