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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902445/longitudinal-changes-in-pelvic-floor-muscle-strength-among-parous-women
#1
Emily N B Myer, Jennifer L Roem, David A Lovejoy, Melinda G Abernethy, Joan L Blomquist, Victoria L Handa
BACKGROUND: There is limited knowledge of the effects of time on change in pelvic floor muscle strength after childbirth. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to estimate the change in pelvic floor muscle strength in parous women over time and to identify maternal and obstetric characteristics associated with the rate of change. STUDY DESIGN: This is an IRB approved prospective cohort study of parous women. Participants were recruited 5-10 years after first delivery and followed annually...
June 11, 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629991/failed-vacuum-and-the-long-term-hematologic-morbidity-of-the-offspring
#2
Salvatore A Mastrolia, Tamar Wainstock, Eyal Sheiner, Daniella Landau, Asnat Walfisch
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the effect of failed vacuum delivery leading to an emergency cesarean delivery on the long-term pediatric hematologic morbidity of the offspring. STUDY DESIGN: In this population-based cohort study, the risk of long-term hematologic morbidity (up to the age of 18 y) was evaluated in children born following successful vacuum vaginal delivery, as compared with that of children born following a failed procedure leading to an emergent cesarean delivery...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606411/nonoperative-management-of-pectus-excavatum-with-vacuum-bell-therapy-a-single-center-study
#3
Robert J Obermeyer, Nina S Cohen, Robert E Kelly, M Ann Kuhn, Frazier W Frantz, Margaret M McGuire, James F Paulson
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine variables predictive of an excellent correction using vacuum bell therapy for nonoperative treatment of pectus excavatum. METHODS: A single institution, retrospective evaluation (IRB 15-01-WC-0024) of variables associated with an excellent outcome in pectus excavatum patients treated with vacuum bell therapy was performed. An excellent correction was defined as a chest wall depth equal to the mean depth of a reference group of 30 male children without pectus excavatum...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525639/concentrations-of-organophosphate-flame-retardants-and-plasticizers-in-urine-from-young-children-in-queensland-australia-and-associations-with-environmental-and-behavioural-factors
#4
Chang He, Karin English, Christine Baduel, Phong Thai, Paul Jagals, Robert S Ware, Yan Li, Xianyu Wang, Peter D Sly, Jochen F Mueller
In recent years, the production and usage volumes of organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs) has increased substantially. Certain OPFRs are suspected reproductive toxins, carcinogenic, and neurotoxic. Insufficient information is available on human exposure pathways to these chemicals, particularly in Australia. We aim to assess the association between OPFR concentrations in the urine of children to environmental and behavioural risk factors. Concentrations of eight OPFRs and eleven metabolites were measured in the urine of 51 children, aged 3-29 months, in Southeast Queensland, Australia and compared to their behavioural and environmental risk factor data obtained by an online questionnaire...
July 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440163/severity-and-management-of-postabortion-complications-among-women-in-zimbabwe-2016-a-cross-sectional-study
#5
Mugove Gerald Madziyire, Chelsea B Polis, Taylor Riley, Elizabeth A Sully, Onikepe Owolabi, Tsungai Chipato
OBJECTIVES: Abortion complications cause significant morbidity and mortality. We aimed to assess the severity and factors associated with abortion complications (induced or spontaneous), and the management of postabortion care (PAC) in Zimbabwe. DESIGN: Prospective, facility-based 28 day survey among women seeking PAC and their providers. SETTING: 127 facilities in Zimbabwe with the capacity to provide PAC, including all central and provincial hospitals, and a sample of primary health centres (30%), district/general/mission hospitals (52%), private (77%) and non-governmental organisation (NGO) (68%) facilities...
February 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29356875/upper-metastable-limit-osmolality-of-urine-as-a-predictor-of-kidney-stone-formation-in-children
#6
Tadeusz Porowski, Jan K Kirejczyk, Piotr Mrozek, Piotr Protas, Agata Kozerska, Łukasz Łabieniec, Krzysztof Szymański, Anna Wasilewska
High fluid intake has been universally recommended for kidney stone prophylaxis. We evaluated 24-h urine osmolality regarded as the best biomarker of optimal hydration and upper metastable limit osmolality after water evaporation from urine sample to the onset of spontaneous crystallization and its usefulness as a new risk index that would describe an individual lithogenic potential. We collected 24-h urine from 257 pediatric patients with kidney stones and 270 controls. After volume and osmolality assessment, the urine samples were subjected to volume reduction in vacuum rotavapor continued to the onset of an induced urinary crystallization...
January 22, 2018: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326182/variations-in-childbirth-interventions-in-high-income-countries-protocol-for-a-multinational-cross-sectional-study
#7
Anna Seijmonsbergen-Schermers, Thomas van den Akker, Katrien Beeckman, Annick Bogaerts, Monalisa Barros, Patricia Janssen, Lorena Binfa, Eva Rydahl, Lucy Frith, Mechthild M Gross, Berglind Hálfdánsdóttir, Deirdre Daly, Jean Calleja-Agius, Patricia Gillen, Anne Britt Vika Nilsen, Eugene Declercq, Ank de Jonge
INTRODUCTION: There are growing concerns about the increase in rates of commonly used childbirth interventions. When indicated, childbirth interventions are crucial for preventing maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality, but their routine use in healthy women and children leads to avoidable maternal and neonatal harm. Establishing ideal rates of interventions can be challenging. This study aims to describe the range of variations in the use of commonly used childbirth interventions in high-income countries around the world, and in outcomes in nulliparous and multiparous women...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318498/collection-and-preservation-of-urinary-proteins-using-a-fluff-pulp-diaper
#8
Weiwei Qin, Zhenhuan Du, Youhe Gao
Change is the most fundamental property of a biomarker. In contrast to the blood, which is under homeostatic controls, urine reflects changes in the body earlier and is more sensitive, thus making it a better biomarker source. Moreover, drawing blood from infants and toddlers is difficult and not tolerated well. For patients limited by language, communicating their chief complaint is difficult. Thus, monitoring biomarkers in urine can provide valuable clues for the diagnosis of diseases, especially pediatric diseases...
January 4, 2018: Science China. Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304223/treatment-of-isolated-sternal-fracture-with-a-vacuum-bell-in-an-8-year-old-boy
#9
Sergio B Sesia, Daniel M Heinrich, Gregor J Kocher, Frank-Martin Haecker
Isolated sternal fractures are very rare in children. Pain management is the method of choice, but surgery may be indicated in selected cases with dislocated fractures. However, the indication for open reduction of sternal fractures is discussed controversially. To the best of our knowledge, we present the first report of a child with displaced isolated sternal fracture who was successfully treated by conservative means using a vacuum bell.
May 1, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228902/a-methodological-consideration-for-blood-lead-concentrations-obtained-from-the-earlobe-in-japanese-adults-occupationally-unexposed-to-lead
#10
Nozomi Tatsuta, Kunihiko Nakai, Miyuki Iwai-Shimada, Futoshi Mizutani, Katsuyuki Murata, Yoichi Chisaki, Hiroshi Satoh
BACKGROUND: Neuropsychological effects of considerably low levels of lead exposure are observed in children, and a reliable and possibly painless technique that can detect such levels is required for the assessment of such exposure. We examined whether the blood lead (BPb) concentrations obtained from the earlobe were as valid and useful as those from the median cubital vein. METHODS: Paired blood samples were collected from the earlobe and cubital vein of 112 Japanese participants occupationally unexposed to lead, and the BPb levels were determined using ICP-MS...
December 11, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149735/carbamazepine-lamotrigine-levetiracetam-and-valproic-acid-in-dried-blood-spots-with-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry-method-development-and-validation
#11
Camilla Linder, Anna Hansson, Sara Sadek, Lars L Gustafsson, Anton Pohanka
Monitoring of antiepileptic drugs in children with epilepsy require multiple visits at a clinic for blood collection. Dried blood spot sampling is an alternative way of collection, performed at home by self-collection and can save time and costs for patients and family members. The aim was to develop and validate an LC-MS/MS dried blood spot method for carbamazepine, lamotrigine, levetiracetam and valproic acid with the requirements of using standard equipment and material in a routine laboratory setting. Whatman-903 filter paper was utilized, and discs were punched into a 96 well plate with an automated puncher and barcode reading...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102668/lead-exposure-in-young-children-over-a-5-year-period-from-urban-environments-using-alternative-exposure-measures-with-the-us-epa-ieubk-model-a-trial
#12
Brian Gulson, Alan Taylor, Marc Stifelman
The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Integrated Exposure Uptake Biokinetic (IEUBK) model has been widely used to predict blood lead (PbB) levels in children especially around industrial sites. Exposure variables have strongly focussed on the major contribution of lead (Pb) in soil and interior dust to total intake and, in many studies, site-specific data for air, water, diet and measured PbB were not available. We have applied the IEUBK model to a comprehensive data set, including measured PbB, for 108 children monitored over a 5-year period in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia...
February 2018: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941556/subgaleal-hematoma-at-the-contralateral-side-of-scalp-trauma-in-an-adult
#13
Ching-En Chen, Zen-Zhon Liao, Yen-Heng Lee, Cheng-Chieh Liu, Chi-Kao Tang, Yi-Rong Chen
BACKGROUND: Subgaleal hematoma (SGH), an abnormal accumulation of blood under the galeal aponeurosis of the scalp, is more commonly observed in newborns and children. According to previous cases, the etiology of SGH includes mild head trauma, vacuum-assisted vaginal delivery, contusion, and hair braiding or pulling. CASE REPORT: A 39-year-old healthy worker came to our emergency department (ED) due to scalp lacerations from an accident that caused severe twisting of his hair...
November 2017: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913129/evaluating-the-content-and-quality-of-intrapartum-care-in-vaginal-births-an-example-of-a-state-hospital
#14
Zekiye Karaçam, Döndü Arslan Kurnaz, Gizem Güneş
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the research was to assess the content and quality of the intrapartum care offered in vaginal births in Turkey, based on the example of a state hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between January 1(st), 2013 and December 31(st), 2014 at Aydın Maternity and Children's Hospital. The study sample consisted of 303 women giving vaginal birth, who were recruited into the study using the method of convenience sampling...
March 2017: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872995/eva-vacuum-formed-alternative-splinting-of-alveolar-fractures-in-primary-dentition-a-case-report
#15
Konstantina Chatzidimitriou, Nikos N Lygidakis, Nick A Lygidakis
Alveolar fractures treatment includes repositioning of displaced segments and splinting. In children, splinting procedures may occasionally present clinical problems resulting from fewer teeth available for splinting or presence of occlusal disturbances. An alternative clinical approach for splinting in alveolar fractures of primary dentition is described. CLINICAL CASE: A 4.5-year-old girl was referred to our clinic 8 hours after a fall accident. Clinical examination revealed mandibular alveolar process segmental fracture in the right canine area with frontal dislodgement of the labial cortical bone resulting to occluding inability...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858343/comparison-of-indoor-air-sampling-and-dust-collection-methods-for-fungal-exposure-assessment-using-quantitative-pcr
#16
Jennie Cox, Reshmi Indugula, Stephen Vesper, Zheng Zhu, Roman Jandarov, Tiina Reponen
Evaluating fungal contamination indoors is complicated because of the many different sampling methods utilized. In this study, fungal contamination was evaluated using five sampling methods and four matrices for results. The five sampling methods were a 48 hour indoor air sample collected with a Button™ inhalable aerosol sampler and four types of dust samples: a vacuumed floor dust sample, newly settled dust collected for four weeks onto two types of electrostatic dust cloths (EDCs) in trays, and a wipe sample of dust from above floor surfaces...
October 18, 2017: Environmental Science. Processes & Impacts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803198/variability-of-indoor-fungal-microbiome-of-green-and-non-green-low-income-homes-in-cincinnati-ohio
#17
Kanistha Coombs, Diana Taft, Doyle V Ward, Brett J Green, Ginger L Chew, Behrouz Shamsaei, Jaroslaw Meller, Reshmi Indugula, Tiina Reponen
"Green" housing is designed to use low-impact materials, increase energy efficiency and improve occupant health. However, little is known about the indoor mycobiome of green homes. The current study is a subset of a multicenter study that aims to investigate the indoor environment of green homes and the respiratory health of asthmatic children. In the current study, the mycobiome in air, bed dust and floor dust was compared between green (study site) and non-green (control site), low-income homes in Cincinnati, Ohio...
January 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741228/craniocerebral-birth-injuries-in-term-newborn-infants-a-retrospective-series
#18
Pieter Nachtergaele, Frank Van Calenbergh, Lieven Lagae
OBJECTIVE: In an attempt to further define the spectrum of cranial birth injuries, we analyzed 21 consecutive cranial birth injuries in term neonates presenting to the neurosurgical department of our institution over the period 1994-2015. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review from the medical records of the University Hospitals of the KU Leuven, from 1994 to 2015. We included 21 infants of 36-week gestational age or older with a diagnosis of cranial birth injury...
November 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714634/-pectus-excavatumn-and-carinatum-in-children-and-adolescents-what-to-say-what-to-do
#19
Pierre Lascombes, Isabelle Ruchonnet-Métrailler, Maurice Beghetti, Armand Bottani, James Wilde
In children presenting with a pectus excavatum (PE) or pectus carinatum (PC) an underlying syndrome including Marfan's syndrome needs to be excluded. In adolescents, severe chest wall deformities may cause cardiac or respiratory problems but most commonly they have a psychological impact. The conservative treatment is a Vacuum Bell for PE, and a Dynamic Compression System for PC ; they play an increasing role in young patients. These devices need to be worn multiple hours per day for several months for an optimal result...
February 15, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679077/occurrence-of-imidacloprid-carbendazim-and-other-biocides-in-italian-house-dust-potential-relevance-for-intakes-in-children-and-pets
#20
Severyn Salis, Cecilia Testa, Paola Roncada, Sara Armorini, Nicola Rubattu, Angelo Ferrari, Roberto Miniero, Gianfranco Brambilla
The occurrence of pesticides intended for non-agricultural use was investigated in 206 dust samples drawn from vacuum-cleaner bags from residential flats in Italy. The multi-residue analysis targeted on 95 different active principles was performed with UPLC-MS/MS, with a Limit of Quantification (LOQ) of 0.008 μg/g dry weight. The results indicated the presence of imidacloprid (IMI) and carbendazim (CARB) in 30% and 26% of the samples, with a mean and P95 concentration between 1.6 and 39 and between 0.08 and 4...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Environmental Science and Health. Part. B, Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes
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