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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748267/-sex-education-and-prevention-of-sexual-violence-contributions-to-a-differential-sensitive-prevention-of-sexualised-violence
#1
REVIEW
Martin Wazlawik, Bernd Christmann, Arne Dekker
Prevention of sexual violence against children and adolescents obtains high priority in educational contexts. This is due to the massive (possible) psychosocial impacts of sexual victimization as well as to the considerable prevalence rates that are reported in current studies. Preventive approaches are predominantly native to violence prevention and sex education where they are characterized by independent lines of tradition and positions. This contribution outlines their empirically largely unexplained relation with a focus on the history and development of the discourses of sex education...
July 26, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746167/factors-associated-with-prevalent-hiv-infection-among-kenyan-msm-the-anza-mapema-study
#2
Colin P Kunzweiler, Robert C Bailey, Duncan O Okall, Susan M Graham, Supriya D Mehta, Fredrick O Otieno
BACKGROUND: In order to inform future HIV treatment and care programs for men who have sex with men (MSM), we assessed the prevalence of and factors associated with previously diagnosed out-of-care (PDOC) or newly diagnosed out-of-care (NDOC) HIV infection among MSM enrolled in the prospective Anza Mapema cohort study. METHODS: Participants were aged >18, reported oral or anal sex with a man in the past 6 months, and were not already in HIV care or taking antiretroviral therapy in the past 3 months...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745556/gonorrhoea-in-greenland-incidence-and-previous-preventive-measures-a-review-to-improve-future-strategies
#3
Sine Berntsen, Anders Peder Højer Karlsen, Michael Lynge Pedersen, Gert Mulvad
Gonorrhoea continues to be a significant health challenge in Greenland. The aim of this study was to describe the development of gonorrhoea in Greenland through time including incidence rates and previous measures taken to address the challenge. A systematic literature search in PubMed, Embase and The Cochrane Library was conducted. Furthermore, local archives were searched in the Health Clinic in Nuuk for relevant literature. From the 1940s the incidence of gonorrhoea increased steadily with a steep incline around 1970, possibly as a consequence of changes in living conditions and urbanisation...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744983/an-evaluation-of-a-clinical-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-education-intervention-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#4
Julia Raifman, Amy Nunn, Catherine E Oldenburg, Madeline C Montgomery, Alexi Almonte, Allison L Agwu, Renata Arrington-Sanders, Philip A Chan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of an HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) education intervention on PrEP awareness and use among men who have sex with men (MSM) attending a sexually transmitted diseases (STD) clinic. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: Men who have sex with men STD clinic patients. STUDY DESIGN: We estimated a difference-in-differences linear regression model, comparing MSM whose first visit to the clinic was before ("control") or after ("treatment") intervention implementation and controlling for patient...
July 25, 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742690/do-surgeons-react-a-retrospective-analysis-of-surgeons-response-to-harassment-of-a-colleague-during-simulated-operating-theatre-scenarios
#5
Hannah Gostlow, Camila Vega Vega, Nicholas Marlow, Wendy Babidge, Guy Maddern
OBJECTIVE: To assess and report on surgeons' ability to identify and manage incidences of harassment. BACKGROUND: The Royal Australasian College of Surgeons is committed to driving out discrimination, bullying, harassment, and sexual harassment from surgical training and practice, through changing the culture of the workplace. To eradicate these behaviors, it is first critical to understand how the current workforce responds to these actions. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of video data of an operating theatre simulation was conducted to identify how surgeons, from a range of experience levels, react to instances of harassment...
July 24, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741332/willingness-to-use-hiv-pre-exposure-prophylaxis-among-gay-men-other-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-transgender-women-in-myanmar
#6
Bridget L Draper, Zaw Min Oo, Zaw Win Thein, Poe Poe Aung, Vanessa Veronese, Claire Ryan, Myo Thant, Chad Hughes, Mark Stoové
INTRODUCTION: HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has emerged as a key component of contemporary HIV combination prevention strategies. To explore the local suitability of PrEP, country-specific acceptability studies are needed to inform potential PrEP implementation. In the context of Myanmar, in addition to resource constraints, HIV service access by gay men, other men who have sex with men, and transgender women (GMT) continues to be constrained by legislative and community stigma and marginalization...
July 26, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741190/-data-on-the-sexual-health-of-providers-and-clients-of-sexual-services-for-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-germany
#7
Sarah Kramer, Axel J Schmidt, Ulrich Marcus
Little is known about the sexual health of male providers and clients of transactional sex. The data of participants of the European MSM Internet Survey (EMIS-DE; N = 50,086) who live in Germany were analysed. The outcomes were testing for and diagnoses of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), partner numbers, illicit drug use, and sexual happiness in two populations: (1) men who offered and (2) men who paid for transactional sex in the past 12 months.In the age group of under 30 years (n = 19,138), providers of sexual services (escorts) were compared with non-providers; in the age group of 30 years and above (n = 30,948), we compared men who paid for sexual services with those who did not...
July 24, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741188/-sexually-transmitted-infections-in-germany-the-current-epidemiological-situation
#8
Viviane Bremer, Sandra Dudareva-Vizule, Susanne Buder, Matthias An der Heiden, Klaus Jansen
Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) can impair sexual health. Surveillance and study data were used to provide an overview over STIs in Germany. We estimated 3900 new HIV diagnoses in 2015. Of newly diagnosed infections, 57% were attributed to men who have sex with men (MSM). It was further estimated that there were 3200 new HIV infections and 84,700 people living with HIV in 2015. A total of 6834 syphilis infections were recorded in 2015, which corresponds to an increase of 149% since 2009. The incidence in men was 16-times higher than in women...
July 24, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741187/-sexuality-education-on-the-internet-from-dr-sommer-to-dr-google
#9
REVIEW
Nicola Döring
Female and male adolescents in Germany are increasingly using the Internet to find information about sexuality and sexual health. This review paper summarizes what we know about the status quo of online sexuality education in Germany.Based on a systematic literature review including 40 papers from international, peer-reviewed journals spanning 2010-2017, this paper first describes different aspects of the sexuality-related online search behavior of adolescents: its prevalence, predictors, topics and contexts...
July 24, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740435/barriers-and-facilitators-to-cervical-cancer-screening-among-pakistani-and-somali-immigrant-women-in-oslo-a-qualitative-study
#10
Abdi A Gele, Samera A Qureshi, Prabhjot Kour, Bernadette Kumar, Esperanza Diaz
Norway has a low incidence and mortality rate of cervical cancer, which is mainly due to the high participation rate of women in cervical cancer screening. However, the attendance of cervical cancer screening was reported to be low among immigrant women. For this reason, we conducted a qualitative study to obtain better insight into perceived barriers and challenges to cervical cancer screening among Somali and Pakistani women in the Oslo region. A convenient sample of 35 (18 Pakistani, 17 Somali) women were recruited for the study in collaboration with Somali and Pakistani community partners...
2017: International Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737361/-sex-education-in-tunisia-students%C3%A2-%C3%A2-expectations-and-teachers%C3%A2-conceptions
#11
Sameh Hrairi
Health education, as defined by the World Health Organization (WHO 1983), includes sex education. In Tunisia, there is a growing interest in sexuality issues, in contrast with the reigning conservative culture, challenging the taboos and restrictions imposed by religion. A global sex education strategy is therefore required in Tunisian in schools to help students understand their body and its biological functions, construct a real sexual identity and adopt behaviours that promote a healthy and low-risk lifestyle...
July 10, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735698/childhood-predictors-of-adult-functional-outcomes-in-the-multimodal-treatment-study-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-mta
#12
Arunima Roy, Lily Hechtman, L Eugene Arnold, James M Swanson, Brooke S G Molina, Margaret H Sibley, Andrea L Howard
OBJECTIVE: Recent results from the Multimodal Treatment Study of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD; MTA) have demonstrated impairments in several functioning domains in adults with childhood ADHD. The childhood predictors of these adult functional outcomes are not adequately understood. The objective of the present study was to determine the effects of childhood demographic, clinical, and family factors on adult functional outcomes in individuals with and without childhood ADHD from the MTA cohort...
August 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735166/fidelity-in-school-based-child-sexual-abuse-prevention-programs-a-systematic-review
#13
Jenny Lynas, Russell Hawkins
The aim of this study was to systematically review and evaluate the quality of the school-based child sexual abuse prevention education research in terms of implementation fidelity. A comprehensive literature search in PsycINFO, Medline, Education Resource Information Centre (ERIC) and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials was conducted. Articles included peer-reviewed, primary research studies related to the delivery of child sexual abuse prevention education programs within school settings published since 1996...
July 20, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733567/prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-erectile-dysfunction-in-male-patients-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-in-a-teaching-hospital-in-west-malaysia
#14
A Enoma, S M Ching, F K Hoo, S F S Omar
INTRODUCTION: Erectile dysfunction (ED) has been associated with the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and chronic diseases. Sexual dysfunction data of male patients infected with HIV are still scarce in Malaysia, and ED appears to be under-reported. Therefore, this study aims to determine the prevalence and predictors of ED among male HIV patients at the University Malaya Medical Centre. METHODS: A cross sectional study was conducted among male HIV patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) attending the outpatient clinic of a teaching hospital in Malaysia...
June 2017: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729198/e-cigarette-awareness-perceived-harmfulness-and-ever-use-among-u-s-adults
#15
Irene Pericot-Valverde, Diann E Gaalema, Jeffrey S Priest, Stephen T Higgins
The overarching aims of this study are to (a) estimate and update knowledge on rates and predictors of awareness, perceived harmfulness, and ever use of e-cigarettes among U.S. adults and (b) to utilize that information to identify risk-factor profiles associated with ever use. Data were collected from the 2015 Health Information National Trends Survey (N=3738). Logistic regression was used to explore relationships between sociodemographics (gender, age, race/ethnicity, sexual orientation, educational attainment, income, and census region), current use of other tobacco products (conventional cigarettes, cigars, and smokeless tobacco), ever use of alternative products (hookah, pipes, roll-your-own cigarettes, and snus) and e-cigarette awareness, perceived harm, and ever use...
July 17, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727762/sexual-diversity-in-the-united-states-results-from-a-nationally-representative-probability-sample-of-adult-women-and-men
#16
Debby Herbenick, Jessamyn Bowling, Tsung-Chieh Jane Fu, Brian Dodge, Lucia Guerra-Reyes, Stephanie Sanders
In 2015, we conducted a cross-sectional, Internet-based, U.S. nationally representative probability survey of 2,021 adults (975 men, 1,046 women) focused on a broad range of sexual behaviors. Individuals invited to participate were from the GfK KnowledgePanel®. The survey was titled the 2015 Sexual Exploration in America Study and survey completion took about 12 to 15 minutes. The survey was confidential and the researchers never had access to respondents' identifiers. Respondents reported on demographic items, lifetime and recent sexual behaviors, and the appeal of 50+ sexual behaviors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727662/paraphilic-thoughts-behaviors-and-sex-addiction-in-a-sample-of-persons-who-use-drugs-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Jales Clemente, Sandra Cristina Pillon, Jair de Jesus Mari, Claudio Jeronimo da Silva, Paulo Roberto Henrique Santana, Alessandra Diehl
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of paraphilic thoughts/behaviors (including paraphilic disorders) with and without sexual addiction and sexual-related conditions in a sample of substance disorder patients. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of substance-dependent individuals who sought outpatient treatment in São Paulo, Brazil. Data included sociodemographic information, drug of choice, responses to questions about sexual behavior, and to the following standardized questionnaires: (a) Sexual Addiction Screening Test, and (b) Childhood Trauma Questionnaire...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727389/schooling-impacts-on-the-overactive-bladder-diagnosis-in-women
#18
Larissa R Ferreira, Monica O Gameiro, Paulo R Kawano, Hamilto A Yamamoto, Rodrigo Guerra, Leonardo O Reis, João L Amaro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the overactive bladder (OAB) diagnosis using OAB-V8 and ICIQ-OAB questionnaires in women with different schooling and cultural levels. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three hundred and eighty six healthy women answered a clinical questionnaire filling out information about schooling, demographic and gynecological data. The OAB-V8 and ICIQ-OAB questionnaires were used to evaluate OAB diagnosis and symptoms; and the QS-F questionnaire, to determine the sexual function...
July 20, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726803/quality-of-life-in-men-with-klinefelter-syndrome-the-impact-of-genotype-health-socioeconomics-and-sexual-function
#19
Anne Skakkebæk, Philip J Moore, Simon Chang, Jens Fedder, Claus H Gravholt
PurposeKlinefelter syndrome (KS) is associated with lower socioeconomic status and greater morbidity. However, relatively little is known about the quality of life for men with KS, or how KS and other factors combine to determine it.MethodsA total of 132 men with KS were recruited in clinics, and 313 matched controls were identified by Statistics Denmark. Demographics, socioeconomic status, health problems and behaviors, sexual function, medical follow-up, and mental and physical quality of life (MQoL and PQoL, respectively) were assessed for all participants through surveys...
July 20, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724743/improving-the-healthcare-response-to-domestic-violence-and-abuse-in-sexual-health-clinics-feasibility-study-of-a-training-support-and-referral-intervention
#20
Alex Hardip Sohal, Neha Pathak, Sarah Blake, Vanessa Apea, Judith Berry, Jayne Bailey, Chris Griffiths, Gene Feder
OBJECTIVES: Sexual health and gynaecological problems are the most consistent and largest physical health differences between abused and non-abused female populations. Sexual health services are well placed to identify and support patients experiencing domestic violence and abuse (DVA). Most sexual health professionals have had minimal DVA training despite English National Institute for Health and Care Excellence recommendations. We sought to determine the feasibility of an evidence-based complex DVA training intervention in female sexual health walk-in services (IRIS ADViSE: Identification and Referral to Improve Safety whilst Assessing Domestic Violence in Sexual Health Environments)...
July 19, 2017: Sexually Transmitted Infections
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