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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336666/educational-needs-of-health-professionals-caring-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer
#1
Natalie K Bradford, Rebecca Greenslade, Rachel M Edwards, Rebekah Orford, Jane Roach, Roslyn Henney
BACKGROUND: Young people with cancer have distinct clinical and psychosocial needs during and after cancer treatment. However, as adolescent and young adult (AYA) cancer is rare, and only recently recognized as specialty, health professionals may not have the skills, competence, and confidence to meet the needs of the young patient with cancer. The aim of this study was to identify the learning needs of health professionals providing cancer care to adolescents and young adults before and following the introduction of a state-wide AYA cancer education program...
January 16, 2018: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335810/sexual-and-reproductive-health-education-needs-gender-roles-attitudes-and-acceptance-of-couple-violence-according-to-engaged-men-and-women
#2
Fusun Terzioglu, Gulsah Kok, Gulten Guvenc, Funda Ozdemir, Ilknur Munevver Gonenc, Basak Demirtas Hicyilmaz, Neslihan Yılmaz Sezer
This descriptive study was aimed to evaluate the attitudes of the engaged men and women who are of legal age to marry towards gender roles and acceptance of couple violence, and determine their sexual/reproductive health education needs. It was conducted in two marriage registry offices in Ankara, Turkey. The study sample consisted of 740 participants. Data were collected by using semi-structured form, Gender Roles Attitude Scale and Acceptance of Couple Violence Scale. It was found that the engaged couples had educational needs concerning sexual/reproductive health; socio-demographic characteristics such as gender, age, education, residence, and income level created significant differences in the attitudes related to accepting gender roles and violence; and having an egalitarian attitude towards gender roles decreased the rate of accepting violence between the couples...
January 15, 2018: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334552/effect-of-hiv-self-testing-on-the-number-of-sexual-partners-among-female-sex-workers-in-zambia-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Catherine Oldenburg, Michael M Chanda, Katrina F Ortblad, Magdalene Mwale, Steven Chongo, Nyambe Kamungoma, Catherine Kanchele, Andrew Fullem, Caitlin Moe, Leah G Barresi, Guy D Harling, Till Bärnighausen
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of two health systems approaches to distribute HIV self-tests on the number of female sex workers' client and non-client sexual partners in a randomized controlled trial of HIV self-testing among female sex workers (FSW) in Zambia. DESIGN: Cluster randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Peer educators recruited 965 participants. Peer educator-participant groups were randomized 1:1:1 to one of three arms: 1) delivery of HIV self-tests directly from a peer educator, 2) free facility-based delivery of HIV-self tests in exchange for coupons, or 3) referral to standard HIV testing (standard of care)...
January 13, 2018: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334178/factors-associated-with-perceived-accuracy-of-the-undetectable%C3%A2-%C3%A2-untransmittable-slogan-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-implications-for-messaging-scale-up-and-implementation
#4
H Jonathon Rendina, Jeffrey T Parsons
INTRODUCTION: Recent research has shown high efficacy of HIV treatment for reducing the risk of HIV transmission to sexual partners. As the efficacy of treatment as prevention (TasP) has proliferated, a new messaging campaign, Undetectable = Untransmittable, has been gaining popularity. The purpose of this paper was to assess factors associated with the perceived accuracy of this TasP messaging strategy among a large and diverse sample of gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (GBMSM) in order to inform subsequent efforts at large-scale and implementation of the HIV prevention message...
January 2018: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333923/perception-and-practice-of-hiv-aids-counseling-and-testing-among-secondary-school-adolescents-in-ogun-waterside-local-government-area-ogun-state-southwest-nigeria
#5
Adekunle D Alabi, Olalekan A Oke, Babatunde O Adedokun, Tamramat I Runsewe-Abiodun
A large proportion of Nigerian adolescents are sexually active and the country has one of the highest HIV prevalence among youths globally. This study was done to assess the perception and practice of HIV/AIDS counseling and testing (HCT) among secondary school adolescents in a rural community in Southwest Nigeria. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out using multistage sampling method. The results showed that despite high level of HCT awareness, majority of the adolescents (62.9%) had negative attitude toward it...
January 1, 2018: International Quarterly of Community Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331504/a-systematic-review-of-health-care-provider-perceived-barriers-and-facilitators-to-routine-hiv-testing-in-primary-care-settings-in-the-southeastern-united-states
#6
Kelly Tan, Beth Perry Black
Despite efforts to improve HIV screening and testing, many primary care settings do not follow established guidelines. The purpose of our systematic review was to describe health care providers' perceived barriers and facilitators to testing for HIV at poorly used/novel testing sites in the southeastern United States. PubMed, CINAHL, and Embase databases were searched for peer-reviewed studies of providers' perceived barriers and facilitators to routine HIV testing from January 2016 to April 2017 according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement...
December 27, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330973/the-effect-of-sex-education-and-life-skills-for-preventive-sexual-risk-behaviours-among-university-of-students-in-thailand
#7
Katekaew Seangpraw, Rattana Somrongthong, Monchanok Choowanthanapakorn, Ramesh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Currently, the problem of sexual risk behaviour of adolescents has increased worldwide, including Thailand. This study compared the effectiveness of promoting life skills to prevent sexual risk behaviours among university students in the Phayao Province of Thailand. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was employed with a pre- and post-test study for a sample of freshmen university students. The students were then split into an intervention group comprised of 300 students, with a second group of 250 students from the same faculty as the control group...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330640/is-contact-with-children-related-to-legitimizing-beliefs-toward-sex-with-children-among-men-with-pedophilia
#8
Max Geradt, Sara Jahnke, Julia Heinz, Jürgen Hoyer
Among pedophilic men, social contact with children has been discussed as creating a risk situation for sexual abuse. Also, pedophilic men searching for such contact are seen as harboring more beliefs legitimizing sexual contact with children. However, social contact may also decrease false beliefs. We tested these competing views in an anonymous Internet survey with a non-forensic, non-clinical sample of 104 self-classified pedophilic men. Results showed that both increased social and physical contact were significantly linked to fewer legitimizing beliefs toward sex with children, even when controlling for past psychotherapy, educational level, social desirability, and age...
January 12, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329104/contraception-usage-among-young-adult-men-of-a-nigerian-university
#9
Kola Musliudin Owonikoko, Folasade Oyindamola Oyelade, Oluwaseyi Felix Oke, Adewale Samson Adeyemi
Background Family planning services recognize reproductive health as the joint responsibility of both men and women. Efforts need to be shifted to men's own sexual health in order to achieve the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) for reduction of maternal mortality and HIV transmission. Aims To determine the methods of contraception used by young adult men and factors that influence their choice of contraceptive. Methodology A cross-sectional descriptive study was done using structured questionnaires to extract relevant information from consented young male adult between ages of 16 and 24 years of Ladoke Akintola University of Technology (LAUTECH), Ogbomoso, Nigeria...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328349/sexual-dimorphism-in-physical-education-students-of-equal-body-height
#10
Józef Tatarczuk, Ryszard Asienkiewicz, Artur Wandycz
The aim: This paper's aim is to assess the level of development and size of particular body parts and dimorphic differences with regard to body height. Methods: The research was carried out over the period of 1995-2010 on a 1,969-strong cohort of first-year students of physical education, aged 19-21. The following somatic features were measured: body height and weight, breadth of distal femoral epiphysis, breadth of distal brachial epiphysis, four skinfolds, arm circumference, and calf circumference. Using the results, the shares of endomorphy, mesomorphy, and ectomorphy were calculated as well as the mean values of particular features and their supplemental values and regression equations...
January 12, 2018: Anthropologischer Anzeiger; Bericht über die Biologisch-anthropologische Literatur
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324946/realities-and-perspectives-of-adolescent-mothers-in-their-first-pregnancy
#11
Rita de Cássia Andrade Neiva Santos, Raimunda Magalhães da Silva, Maria Veraci Oliveira Queiroz, Herla Maria Furtado Jorge, Aline Veras Morais Brilhante
OBJECTIVE: to understand the trajectory of adolescents regarding the first pregnancy, contemplating realities and perspectives. METHOD: qualitative study, based on the Schütz theoretical framework, with 30 adolescents assisted in an outpatient clinic for adolescents in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil. From the narrative interviews carried out in the first semester of 2013, in the return for the first consultation of the puerperium, the communicative processes were identified, the central ideas and units of meanings expressed in the themes were abstracted: I was dating and became pregnant; realities and perspectives...
January 2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324620/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-vulvar-dermatoses
#12
Colleen K Stockdale, Lori Boardman
Vulvar symptoms of pain, dyspareunia, and pruritus are common and may significantly affect a woman's sense of well-being and sexual function. Despite this, vulvar symptoms are often underreported by women. When identified, however, vulvovaginal symptoms should be addressed by health care providers to optimize care. The evaluation of patients with vulvovaginal complaints begins with a thorough history and physical examination. Biopsy is indicated when concern exists for malignancy or the diagnosis is uncertain...
January 9, 2018: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320942/campus-sexual-assault-future-directions-for-research
#13
Sarah McMahon, Leila Wood, Julia Cusano, Lisa M Macri
Campus sexual assault (CSA) has received unprecedented attention over recent years, resulting in an abundance of federal guidance and mandates. In response, efforts to address and prevent CSA at Institutions of Higher Education (IHE) across the country have grown quickly, including the development and implementation of programs and policies. Because the changes on campuses have occurred at such a rapid pace, a number of gaps exist within the field of CSA research. To ensure that changes on IHE are evidence-based, there is a need to review the existing research available and the inquiry still needed, based on key areas outlined in federal guidance, the expressed needs of campus community members, survivors, and students who commit sexual offenses on college campuses...
January 1, 2018: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320584/the-male-aesthetic-patient-facial-anatomy-concepts-of-attractiveness-and-treatment-patterns
#14
Terrence C Keaney, Robert Anolik, André Braz, Michael Eidelman, Joseph A Eviatar, Jeremy B Green, Derek H Jones, Vic A Narurkar, Anthony M Rossi, Conor J Gallagher
<p>BACKGROUND: The number of nonsurgical aesthetic procedures performed in men is growing rapidly. However, there are limited data on treatment principles and goals for the male aesthetic patient.</p> <p>OBJECTIVE: To review the objective data available on male aging and aesthetics and to synthesize with expert opinion on treatment considerations specific to male patients.</p> <p>METHODS: Expert advisors met to discuss anatomical differences in male versus female facial anatomy related to aging, facial treatment preferences in aesthetically oriented men, and current dosing data for facial injectable treatments in male versus female patients...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320447/parents-perspectives-on-family-sexuality-communication-from-middle-school-to-high-school
#15
Jennifer M Grossman, Lisa J Jenkins, Amanda M Richer
Parents' conversations with teens about sex and relationships can play a critical role in improving teenage reproductive health by reducing teens' risky sexual behavior. However, little is known about how teen-parent communication changes from early to middle adolescence and how parents can tailor their communication to address their teens' changing development and experiences during these periods. In this longitudinal qualitative study, U.S. parents (N = 23) participated in interviews when their teens were in early adolescence, then again when the teens were in middle adolescence...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318503/university-students-knowledge-attitudes-and-sources-of-information-about-zika-virus
#16
Ashley N Plaster, Julia E Painter, Dylan H Tjersland, Kathryn H Jacobsen
Colleges and universities are valuable partners for community health education outreach targeted to young adults. After the outbreak of Zika virus infection in the Americas was declared to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on February 1, 2016, postsecondary institutions played an important role in educating at-risk communities about health promotion and disease prevention strategies. In April 2016, we recruited 613 undergraduate students from a large public university to complete a survey about their Zika-related knowledge, attitudes, and information seeking behaviors...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318134/sexual-health-education-at-home-attitude-and-practice-of-iranian-parents
#17
Jila Ganji, Mohammad Hassan Emamian, Raziyeh Maasoumi, Afsanah Keramat, Effat Merghati Khoei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310654/pattern-and-determinants-of-contraceptive-usage-among-women-of-reproductive-age-from-the-digo-community-residing-in-kwale-kenya-results-from-a-cross-sectional-household-survey
#18
Vernon Mochache, Amyn Lakhani, Hajara El-Busaidy, Marleen Temmerman, Peter Gichangi
BACKGROUND: Contraceptive usage has been associated with improved maternal and child health (MCH) outcomes. Despite significant resources being allocated to programs, there has been sub-optimal uptake of contraception, especially in the developing world. It is important therefore, to granulate factors that determine uptake and utilization of contraceptive services so as to inform effective programming. METHODS: Between March and December 2015, we conducted a cross-sectional survey among women of reproductive age (WRA) from the Digo community residing in Kwale County, Kenya...
January 8, 2018: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305774/exploring-body-image-contraceptive-use-and-sexual-health-outcomes-among-an-ethnically-diverse-sample-of-women
#19
Virginia Ramseyer Winter, Lindsay Ruhr, Danielle Pevehouse, Sarah Pilgrim
This cross-sectional study examined the links between body appreciation, contraceptive use, and sexual health outcomes. Body appreciation has been shown to influence contraceptive use in homogenous samples of women. However, a common problem in body image literature is a lack of racial and ethnic diversity with regard to sample; this study was able to take steps toward overcoming that limitation. A sample of 499 women aged 18-56 (M = 26.24; SD = 6.15) was recruited via Reddit.com-White (29.3%, n = 120), Asian (19%, n = 78), Black (17...
January 5, 2018: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303048/body-mapping-as-a-youth-sexual-health-intervention-and-data-collection-tool
#20
Candice Lys, Dionne Gesink, Carol Strike, June Larkin
In this article, we describe and evaluate body mapping as (a) an arts-based activity within Fostering Open eXpression Among Youth (FOXY), an educational intervention targeting Northwest Territories (NWT) youth, and (b) a research data collection tool. Data included individual interviews with 41 female participants (aged 13-17 years) who attended FOXY body mapping workshops in six communities in 2013, field notes taken by the researcher during the workshops and interviews, and written reflections from seven FOXY facilitators on the body mapping process (from 2013 to 2016)...
January 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
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