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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144847/explaining-the-sexuality-gap-in-protest-participation
#1
Eric Swank
This study investigated the relationship between sexual orientations and the protest actions of adults in the United States. Drawing from General Social Survey data from 1996 to 2004, we found that lesbians, gays, and bisexuals were more than twice as likely to protest as heterosexuals. To account for this sexuality gap, we used Patrick Egan's (2008) political distinctiveness theories to identify possible underlying causes of these protesting differences. After running several regressions, we found that sexuality and protesting relationships were moderated by issues of educational attainment, marital statuses, metropolitan residencies, political partisanships, governmental grievances, and gender role expectations...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143628/do-the-status-and-empowerment-of-mothers-predict-their-daughters-reproductive-outcomes
#2
Jessica D Gipson, Dawn M Upchurch
BACKGROUND: Despite increased recognition of the important influences of women's status and empowerment on social and health outcomes for women and their families, there are few investigations that examine the extent to which any gains in women's empowerment may be transmitted intergenerationally, that is, between mothers and their daughters. METHODS: This study seeks to address this gap by using data from a unique, longitudinal, and intergenerational dataset from Cebu, Philippines (1994-2009), to examine potential influences of the status of mothers on subsequent reproductive health outcomes among their daughters...
November 8, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142909/transgender-women-s-drug-use-in-the-dominican-republic
#3
Henna Budhwani, Kristine R Hearld, Adrienne N Milner, Elaine McGlaughlin, Rebecca Charow, Rosa Mayra Rodriguez-Lauzurique, Santo Rosario, Robert Paulino-Ramirez
Purpose: Studies on drug use in transgender populations, particularly those in resource-limited settings, are scarce. Considering that drug use can be a coping mechanism to deal with stigma and traumatic experiences, we examined associations between stigma, trauma, and drug use in a national sample of transgender women from the Dominican Republic. Methods: Bivariate analyses examined differences between drug users and abstainers (n=287). Multivariate analyses reported odds ratios (OR) with general drug, marijuana, and cocaine use as outcomes (n=243)...
2017: Transgender Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141612/individual-level-and-community-level-determinants-of-cervical-cancer-screening-among-kenyan-women-a-multilevel-analysis-of-a-nationwide-survey
#4
Fentanesh Nibret Tiruneh, Kun-Yang Chuang, Peter Austin Morton Ntenda, Ying-Chih Chuang
BACKGROUND: Studies on the determinants of cervical cancer screening in sub-Saharan Africa have focused mostly on individual-level characteristics of cervical cancer screening. Therefore, in this study, we included both individual- and community-level indicators to examine the determinants of cervical cancer screening among Kenyan women. METHODS: We analyzed data from the 2014 Kenya Demographic and Health Surveys. Our analysis focused on 9016 married women of reproductive age (15-49 years)...
November 15, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141354/-research-progress-on-unprotected-anal-intercourse-and-its-influencing-factors-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#5
S Lu, D M Li
The prevalence of HIV infections continues to rise among Chinese MSM. This population is prone to has high-risk behaviors including having multiple sexual partners, unprotected anal intercourse (UAI), etc. This paper summarizes the situation of UAI and related influencing factors, including age, educational level, number of sexual partners, recreational drug abusing and related status of discrimination, etc. The purpose of this article is to provide reference for targeted intervention and prevention of HIV among MSM population...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141335/-previous-hiv-testing-behavior-and-related-factors-in-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-gay-bathroom-in-hangzhou-zhejiang-province
#6
X Zhou, X H Pan, M Y Luo, L Chen, L He, H Wang, T T Jiang, Q Q Ma
Objective: To understand the related factors on previous HIV testing behavior among MSM who visit gay bathroom in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province. Methods: Through time-location sampling (TLS) survey, men who had oral sex or anal sex with men in past 6 months were interviewed in the gay bathroom in Hangzhou from October 2015 to January 2016. Software SPSS 22.0 was used to analyze the HIV testing acceptance, sexual behaviors and condom usage of MSM during past 6 months, and χ(2) test and logistic regression model were used for univariate and multivariate analyses...
November 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139071/the-outcomes-of-an-educational-program-involving-men-as-motivators-to-encourage-women-to-be-screened-for-cervical-cancer
#7
Jeniffer Rwamugira, Johanna E Maree, Nokuthula Mafutha
Cervical cancer is a major health problem in South Africa. Despite having a national, population-based screening program, screening coverage is as low as 13%. Based on the role men could play in increasing cervical cancer screening and the low level of knowledge, men living in the study setting had about this health issue, we developed and pilot tested an educational program aimed at empowering men to teach their female partners and family members about cervical cancer and motivate them to be screened. The study setting was Ward 23 in Muldersdrift, a semi-urban, resource poor area situated northeast of Johannesburg...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136181/dating-and-relationship-violence-among-16-19-year-olds-in-england-and-wales-a-cross-sectional-study-of-victimization
#8
Honor Young, Catherine Turney, James White, Chris Bonell, Ruth Lewis, Adam Fletcher
Background: Dating and relationship violence (DRV) is under-researched in the UK, especially among Further Education (FE) students. This study examines the association between DRV victimization and socio-demographic characteristics, sexual identity and dating and relationship behaviours among 16-19 year olds FE students. Methods: Cross-sectional self-report data were collected from 1751 students aged 16-19 at six FE settings in England and Wales. Factor analysis examined the structure of DRV victimization by gender...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135988/evolution-of-acute-hepatitis-c-virus-infection-in-a-large-european-city-trends-and-new-patterns
#9
César Garriga, Sandra Manzanares-Laya, Patricia García de Olalla, Pilar Gorrindo, Sabela Lens, Ricard Solà, María Martínez-Rebollar, Montserrat Laguno, Jordi Navarro, Xavier Torras, Mercè Gurguí, María-Jesús Barberá, Josep Quer, Eva Masdeu, Pere Simón, Miriam Ros, Anna de Andrés, Joan A Caylà
The aims of this study were to describe the evolution of acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections since 2004 and to determine its associated factors. Acute HCV infections diagnosed in Barcelona from 2004 to 2015 were included. Incidence ratios (IR) were then estimated for sex and age groups. Cases were grouped between 2004-2005, 2006-2011 and 2012-2015, and their incidence rate ratios (IRR) were calculated. In addition, risk factors for acute HCV infection were identified using multinomial logistic regression for complete, available and multiple imputed data...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132501/low-education-levels-are-associated-with-early-age-of-sexual-debut-drug-use-and-risky-sexual-behaviours-among-young-indigenous-australians
#10
Handan Wand, Joanne Bryant, Heather Worth, Marian Pitts, John M Kaldor, Dea Delaney-Thiele, James Ward
Background: Earlier age at sexual debut is associated with drug and alcohol use, risky sexual behaviours and sexually transmissible infections (STI). Methods: In the present study, 2320 young Indigenous Australians were surveyed. Results: Most study participants had sex for the first time when they were 14 years or younger (79% and 67% for males and females respectively). More than 80% of participants were categorised as being in the high-risk category for the combined sexual risk factors (i.e. not using condoms, drunk or high at last sexual act, or three or more sexual partners in the past year)...
November 14, 2017: Sexual Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132281/constrained-relationship-agency-as-the-risk-factor-for-intimate-partner-violence-in-different-models-of-transactional-sex
#11
Rebecca Fielding-Miller, Kristin Dunkle
Women who engage in transactional sex are more likely to experience intimate partner violence (IPV) and are at higher risk of HIV. However, women engage in transactional sex for a variety of reasons and the precise mechanism linking transactional sex and IPV is not fully understood. We conducted a behavioural survey with a cross-sectional sample of 401 women attending 1 rural and 1 urban public antenatal clinic in Swaziland between February and June 2014. We used structural equation modelling to identify and measure constrained relationship agency (CRA) as a latent variable, and then tested the hypothesis that CRA plays a significant role in the pathway between IPV and transactional sex...
December 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132278/gendered-childcare-norms-evidence-from-rural-swaziland-to-inform-innovative-structural-hiv-prevention-approaches-for-young-women
#12
Pinky N Shabangu, Michelle R Brear
Addressing discriminatory gender norms is a prerequisite for preventing HIV in women, including young women. However, the gendered expectation that women will perform unpaid childcare-related labour is rarely conceptualised as influencing their HIV risk. Our aim was to learn from members of a rural Swazi community about how gendered childcare norms. We performed sequential, interpretive analysis of focus group discussion and demographic survey data, generated through participatory action research. The results showed that gendered childcare norms were firmly entrenched and intertwined with discriminatory norms regarding sexual behaviour...
December 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131695/time-since-first-acting-on-same-sex-attraction-and-recreational-drug-use-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-msm-is-there-an-effect-of-gay-age
#13
Cara E Rice, Sara A Vasilenko, Stephanie T Lanza, John A Davis, Karen S Fields, Melissa Ervin, Abigail Norris Turner
BACKGROUND: Men who have sex with men (MSM) have higher rates of substance use compared to men who have sex with women. Among MSM, drug use is linked to higher-risk sexual behavior and acquisition of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesize that time since first acting on one's same sex attraction, or one's "gay age", could be predictive of drug using behavior. METHODS: We examined this question among 176 MSM, aged 18-35, presenting at a public sexual health clinic...
November 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129463/patterns-of-e-cigarette-use-frequency-national-adult-tobacco-survey-2012-2014
#14
Saida R Sharapova, Tushar Singh, Israel T Agaku, Sara M Kennedy, Brian A King
INTRODUCTION: Accounting for occasional or intermittent e-cigarette use has yielded higher estimates of current use among U.S. adults. However, frequency of e-cigarette use by population subgroups is not well described. This study assessed e-cigarette use frequency by sociodemographic characteristics and other tobacco product use among U.S. adults. METHODS: This study analyzed combined data from the 2012-2013 (n=60,192) and 2013-2014 (n=75,233) National Adult Tobacco Survey, a telephone-based survey of U...
November 3, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127865/which-information-on-women-s-issues-in-epilepsy-does-a-community-pharmacist-need-to-know-a-delphi-consensus-study
#15
Ramzi Shawahna
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and achieve consensus on a core list of important knowledge items that community pharmacists should know on women's issues in epilepsy. METHODS: This was a consensual study using a modified Delphi technique. Knowledge items were collected from the literature and from nine key contacts who were interviewed on their views on what information community pharmacists should have on women's issues in epilepsy. More knowledge items were suggested by five researchers with interest in women's issues who were contacted to rate and comment on the knowledge items collected...
November 8, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126824/video-intervention-to-increase-perceived-self-efficacy-for-condom-use-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-female-adolescents
#16
Julie S Downs, Amie M Ashcraft, Pamela J Murray, Elise D Berlan, Wändi Bruine de Bruin, Joan Eichner, Baruch Fischhoff, Janie A Leary, Robert B McCall, Elizabeth Miller, Jennifer Salaway, Janell Smith-Jones, Gina S Sucato
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of the Seventeen Days interactive video on young women's perceived self-efficacy for using condoms six months after being offered the intervention, relative to a control. DESIGN: Multisite randomized controlled trial SETTING: Twenty participating health clinics and county health departments in Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia PARTICIPANTS: Sexually active females ages 14 to 19 INTERVENTIONS: Seventeen Days (treatment intervention; sex education) versus Driving Skills for Life (control intervention; driving education) MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Perceived self-efficacy for condom use RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: Participants in the Seventeen Days group reported higher perceived condom acquisition self-efficacy after six months than those in the driving group...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125516/evaluation-of-spina-bifida-transitional-care-practices-in-the-united-states
#17
Maryellen S Kelly, Judy Thibadeau, Sara Struwe, Lisa Ramen, Lijing Ouyang, Jonathan Routh
PURPOSE: Recent studies have revealed that the lack of continuity in preparing patients with spina bifida to transition into adult-centered care may have detrimental health consequences. We sought to describe current practices of transitional care services offered at spina bifida clinics in the US. METHODS: Survey design followed the validated transitional care survey by the National Cystic Fibrosis center. Survey was amended for spina bifida. Face validity was completed...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125323/examining-the-effects-of-mtv-s-16-and-pregnant-on-adolescent-girls-sexual-health-the-implications-of-character-affinity-pregnancy-risk-factors-and-health-literacy-on-message-effectiveness
#18
Elizabeth Behm-Morawitz, Jennifer Stevens Aubrey, Hillary Pennell, Kyung Bo Kim
Health communication strategies to decrease teen pregnancies include the employment of entertainment-education (E-E), which involves embedding health messages in an entertainment media vehicle that is relatable and attractive to the intended audience. MTV's 16 and Pregnant is an example of such an effort as an E-E documentary-style reality show that aimed to reduce the U.S. teen pregnancy rate. A pretest-posttest experiment was conducted with 147 adolescent girls (ages 14-18) to investigate the effectiveness of 16 and Pregnant on beliefs, attitudes, and intentions to avoid teen pregnancy...
November 10, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124944/human-rights-of-refugee-survivors-of-sexual-and-gender-based-violence-with-communication-disability
#19
Julie Marshall, Helen Barrett
Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (United Nations, 1948 ) states that all people have the right to seek, receive and impart information using any means. Ensuring that people with communication disability achieve this right is inherently challenging. For people with communication disability, who are refugee-survivors of sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV), additional human rights are challenged, including the right to education, protection from discrimination, a safe place to live, security of person and legal protection...
November 10, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124541/hiv-acquisition-and-transmission-potential-among-african-american-men-who-have-sex-with-men-and-women-in-three-u-s-cities
#20
Heather A Joseph, Yi Pan, Maria Mendoza, Nina T Harawa, Jennifer Lauby, Sybil G Hosek, Ricky N Bluthenthal, Mary Milnamow, Maria Isabel Fernandez, William L Jeffries, Lisa Belcher, Gregorio A Millett
Black men who have sex with men and women (BMSMW) are at increased HIV risk, but few efficacious interventions meet their unique needs. Three HIV prevention interventions were evaluated with a common protocol. Baseline data were pooled to describe sexual behavior involving transmission risk with male, female, and male-to-female transgender partners and identify factors associated with transmission risk. BMSMW from Los Angeles, Philadelphia, and Chicago who reported sexual risk and bisexual behavior in the past year were recruited via modified chain referral sampling and community recruitment...
November 9, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
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