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Temporomandibular disease

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908573/does-the-age-of-a-patient-affect-the-outcome-of-temporomandibular-joint-arthroscopic-surgery
#1
Jungsuk Cho, Howard Israel
PURPOSE: Although temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders encompass all age groups, it is generally considered to affect young to middle-age adults. The aim of this investigation was to study patients who met the criteria for TMJ arthroscopy and to determine whether there was a difference in outcomes between younger and older patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective chart review of patients who underwent TMJ operative arthroscopy. The primary variable studied was patient age...
November 9, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907820/preauricular-pilomatricoma-an-uncommon-entity-in-a-dental-pediatric-patient
#2
Poyzan Bozkurt, Mehmet Eray Kolsuz, Ömer Günhan, Erdal Erdem, Kaan Orhan
INTRODUCTION: Pilomatricomas are benign follicular skin appendage tumors, commonly occurring in children and young adults. Most patients admit to dermatologists to seek treatment and are well known by them; however, dental professionals, especially pediatric dentists are not familiar with these tumors. PRESENTATION OF CASE: This report presents a 16-year-old female with preauricular pilomatricoma, located beneath the overlying skin of the temporomandibular region...
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903449/sex-differences-in-the-estrogen-dependent-regulation-of-temporomandibular-joint-remodeling-in-altered-loading
#3
Jennifer L Robinson, Katelyn Cass, Ross Aronson, Thomas Choi, Manshan Xu, Ryan Buttenbaum, Hicham Drissi, Helen H Lu, Jing Chen, Sunil Wadhwa
OBJECTIVE: Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) diseases predominantly afflict women, suggesting a role of estrogen in the disease etiology. Previously, we determined that decreased occlusal loading (DOL) inhibited collagen type II (Col2) expression in the mandibular condylar cartilage (MCC) of female wild-type (WT) mice whereas no change was observed in males. This decrease in chondrogenesis was abolished by estrogen receptor beta (ERβ) deficiency in females. Therefore, the goal of this study was to examine the role of estradiol - ERβ signaling in mediating DOL effects in male mice to further decipher sex differences...
November 26, 2016: Osteoarthritis and Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900241/changes-in-the-salivary-oxidative-status-in-individuals-with-temporomandibular-disorders-and-pain
#4
Claudyane de Almeida, José Miguel Amenábar
Temporomandibular joint disorders are quite common among the general public. Free radicals may play a role in the pathogenesis of joint diseases, and the oxidative stress is an important aspect in the mechanism of TMDs. The use of new biotechnologies has enabled the use of saliva as a diagnostic method. This is the first paper that aims to investigate changes in the oxidative status, through saliva analysis, in individuals who suffer from temporomandibular disorder and pain. Sixty individuals, 54 women and 06 men, aged between 10 and 60, participated in this research...
November 2016: Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898256/comparative-study-of-the-physiotherapeutic-and-drug-protocol-and-low-level-laser-irradiation-in-the-treatment-of-pain-associated-with-temporomandibular-dysfunction
#5
Marcos Fernando Xisto Braga Cavalcanti, Uoston Holder Silva, Ernesto Cesar Pinto Leal-Junior, Rodrigo A B Lopes-Martins, Rodrigo Labat Marcos, Rodney Capp Pallotta, Francesca Diomede, Oriana Trubiani, Natalia De Isla, Lucio Frigo
BACKGROUND: The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a structure of the craniofacial complex affected by neurological diseases. Orthopedic and musculoskeletal changes can also cause temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and pain. Low-level laser (LLL) therapy has been studied in the treatment of temporomandibular jaw (TMJ) dysfunction, and controversial results were obtained. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this work was comparing the physiotherapeutic and drug protocol (PDP) to LLL therapy in the treatment of pain associated with TMD...
November 29, 2016: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891491/mri-in-dentistry-a-future-towards-radiation-free-imaging-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Lav Kumar Niraj, Basavaraj Patthi, Ashish Singla, Ritu Gupta, Irfan Ali, Kuldeep Dhama, Jishnu Krishna Kumar, Monika Prasad
INTRODUCTION: Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), being a technique with huge potential, has become the primary diagnostic investigation for many clinical problems. Its application now has been successfully used in dentistry to maximize the diagnostic certainty. AIM: The present review aims to analyze the applicability, feasibility and efficacy of MRI in the field of dentistry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was performed in main databases like Pub Med Central, Cochrane Library, Embase and Google Scholar from 1970 up to December 2015...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888510/tenosynovial-giant-cell-tumors-of-the-temporomandibular-joint-and-lateral-skull-base-review-of-11-cases
#7
Matthew L Carlson, L Mariel Osetinsky, Eran E Alon, Carrie Y Inwards, John I Lane, Eric J Moore
OBJECTIVES: To elucidate the clinical behavior, treatment, and outcomes of tenosynovial giant cell tumors (TGCT) involving the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and adjacent temporal bone. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series with histopathologic review. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed identifying and collecting data from all cases of TGCT involving the TMJ and adjacent temporal bone that were treated at the authors' center between January 1960 and December 2015...
November 26, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876531/patient-centered-quality-of-life-measures-after-alloplastic-temporomandibular-joint-replacement-surgery
#8
X Alakailly, D Schwartz, N Alwanni, C Demko, M A Altay, Y Kilinc, D A Baur, F Quereshy
The purpose of this study was to evaluate patient-reported outcome measures of quality of life (QoL) for patients with end-stage temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disease who have undergone TMJ prosthetic replacement. The records of 36 patients who had undergone alloplastic total joint replacement procedures were analyzed. Patients were treated using either TMJ Concepts or Biomet/Lorenz prosthetics. Patients were asked to complete a 12-item TMJ-S-QoL survey, which encompassed questions pertaining to pain, speech, chewing function, and various aspects of social life and mental health...
November 19, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867065/condylar-resorptions-and-orthodontic-surgical-treatment-state-of-the-art
#9
Joël Ferri, Romain Nicot, Jean-Michel Maes, Gwénael Raoul, Ludovic Lauwers
Resorption of the mandibular condyle [RMC] is a disease of the temporomandibular joints, with multifactorial origins. The clinical manifestations take the form essentially of joint pain and occlusal disorders, depending on the rate at which the condyle is affected. X-ray imaging shows that the condyle is reduced in volume, flattened and displaced backwards, with loss of cortical substance in advanced forms. The aim of this article is to recall some pathophysiological features and then to review all the diagnostic and etiological factors and discuss possible modes of management...
November 17, 2016: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857093/rheumatoid-arthritis-an-update-for-general-dental-practitioners
#10
S de Souza, R K Bansal, J Galloway
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a common chronic inflammatory autoimmune disorder which significantly impacts patients' lives and can lead to permanent disability. Inflammation in RA not only affects joints; but can affect organs including the heart and lungs. Early diagnosis, initiation of intensive drug therapy, and a multidisciplinary care approach have vastly improved the long-term prognosis for those living with the condition. However, RA patients often present with co-morbidities which add to the complexity of clinical management...
November 18, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856966/longitudinal-stability-of-common-tmj-structural-disorders
#11
E L Schiffman, M Ahmad, L Hollender, K Kartha, R Ohrbach, E L Truelove, L Zhang, J S Hodges, E Sommers, G C Anderson, Y M Gonzalez, X Guo, J O Look
The longitudinal course of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc displacement (DD) and degenerative joint disease (DJD) has never been conclusively described with magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography, respectively. This 8-y observational study's objective was to assess the longitudinal stability of DD and DJD among 401 subjects. The Validation Project provided baseline measures; follow-up was performed in the TMJ Impact Project. With magnetic resonance imaging, 2 radiologists rendered a consensus diagnosis of normal/indeterminate, DD with reduction, or DD without reduction...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852959/percutaneous-dilatational-tracheostomy-in-ankylosing-spondylitis-bechterew-disease-is-feasible-and-not-associated-with-higher-complication-rates
#12
Uwe Hamsen, Oliver Kamp, Chris Kaczmarek, Mirko Aach, Christian Waydhas, Thomas A Schildhauer, Oliver Jansen
BACKGROUND: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a common disease with an incidence of approximately 0.5% in Europe, causing severe limitations of axial spine mobility and cervical kyphosis. Deformities of the cervical spine and the temporomandibular joints could increase the risk of complications while performing an intubation or tracheostomy. The percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) is a standard procedure in intensive care medicine. However, the combination of cervical kyphosis and osteoporosis makes patient positioning challenging...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836550/temporomandibular-joint-tmj-arthroscopic-lysis-and-lavage-outcomes-and-rate-of-progression-to-open-surgery
#13
Omar Breik, Vishakha Devrukhkar, George Dimitroulis
PURPOSE: Arthroscopic lysis and lavage has been shown to be effective in the management of a variety of TMJ (Temporomandibular joint) diseases. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the medium to long-term outcomes of TMJ arthroscopic lysis and lavage and determine factors associated with progression to open surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective cohort study of a single operator series was performed over a 6-year period from 2006 to 2012. The variables of gender, age and category (Dimitroulis classification) were compared to evaluate factors associated with success of arthroscopy and progression to open surgery...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834414/psychosocial-aspects-and-temporomandibular-disorders-in-dental-students
#14
Cibele Oliveira de Melo Rocha, Raniel Fernandes Peixoto, Camila Maria Bastos Machado Resende, Arthur César de Medeiros Alves, Ângelo Giuseppe Roncalli da Oliveira, Gustavo Augusto Seabra Barbosa
OBJECTIVE: Dental students have high levels of anxiety that can affect not only academic performance but also increase the risk for other diseases. It is believed that the increase in the incidence of chronic orofacial pain in temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) may have an impact on the quality of life and general health of subjects. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of TMD in dental students and its association with general health, quality of life, and anxiety. METHOD AND MATERIALS: Ninety students were evaluated by four questionnaires to determine the prevalence and severity of TMD (Fonseca's questionnaire) and to quantify general health (General Health Questionnaire - GHQ), quality of life (World Health Organization Quality of Life - Brief version - WHOQOL-brief) and anxiety levels (State-Trait Anxiety Index - STAI)...
November 10, 2016: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816790/roles-of-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-in-the-temporomandibular-joint
#15
Akiko Mino-Oka, Takashi Izawa, Takehiro Shinohara, Hiroki Mori, Akihiro Yasue, Shuhei Tomita, Eiji Tanaka
OBJECTIVE: Temporomandibular joint osteoarthritis (TMJ-OA) is a degenerative disease characterized by permanent cartilage loss. Articular cartilage is maintained in a low-oxygen environment. The chondrocyte response to hypoxic conditions involves expression of hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α), which induces chondrocytes to increase expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Here, we investigated the role of HIF-1α in mechanical load effects on condylar cartilage and subchondral bone in heterozygous HIF-1α-deficient mice (HIF-1α(+/-))...
October 28, 2016: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811440/temporomandibular-disorders-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-clinical-study
#16
C Kurtoglu, M Kurkcu, Y Sertdemir, S Ozbek, C C Gürbüz
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to evaluate the prevalence and type of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty-four patients having RA treatment at Cukurova University in Rheumatology Clinic were enrolled to the study. Demographic and rheumatologic data were recorded. The patients were examined in Dental Faculty by using Research Diagnostic Criteria/TMD (RDC/TMD) axis I and answered RDC/TMD axis II Biobehavioral Questionnaire...
November 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801528/symptoms-and-signs-of-temporomandibular-disorders-in-patients-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#17
Xuan Zhang, Fangman Chen, Li Chen, Bolei Li, Shuhao Xu, Dixin Cui, Lixia Yu, Ming Liu, Xiaojun Shi, Qi Li, Yu Li
OBJECTIVES: Both temporomandibular disorder (TMD) and knee osteoarthritis (KOA) are prevalent joint diseases; however, an association between them has not been reported. Therefore, this study investigated the prevalence of the specific symptoms and signs of TMDs (SSTs) in patients with KOA. METHODS: In total, 200 patients with KOA and 150 healthy individuals were recruited. The prevalence of specific SSTs in patients with mild or severe KOA was compared with the prevalence of specific SSTs in the control group and the results were analysed using a chi-square test...
November 1, 2016: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769739/open-surgery-assisted-with-arthroscopy-to-treat-synovial-chondromatosis-of-the-temporomandibular-joint
#18
G Bai, C Yang, Y Qiu, M Chen
Open surgery and arthroscopy for the treatment of synovial chondromatosis (SC) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) have their advantages and disadvantages. The aim of this study was to report the application and results of the combined use of these two methods in the treatment of SC and the indications for use. A total of 36 patients with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) confirmation of SC, treated from 2010 to 2015, were included. Patients with tumours in the upper articular cavity and with the extended margin of the medial groove still in-between the medial crest of the condyle and infratemporal space on coronal MRI were selected to undergo open surgery with the assistance of arthroscopy to clear the loose bodies and affected synovium...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755443/unusual-extensive-synovial-chondromatosis-of-the-temporomandibular-joint
#19
Teun Wllem Floris Pappot, John J A Brouns, John Joosten
Synovial chondromatosis is a benign, usually monoarticular synovial disease characterized by osteocartilaginous loose body formation within the synovium and joint space. The authors present a patient with an unusually extensive form of this disease, and discuss clinical impact and patient care.
October 14, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737360/drugs-or-disease-evaluating-salivary-function-in-ra-patients
#20
Sandra Regina Torres, Carlos Henrique Silva Pedrazas, Marcos Paulo Veloso Correia, Mario Newton Leitão de Azevedo, Thaís Zamprogno, Arley Silva, Lucio Souza Gonçalves, José Angelo de Souza Papi
Oral complications of RA may include temporomandibular joint disorders, mucosa alterations and symptoms of dry mouth. The aim of this study was to evaluate the salivary gland function of subjects with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) comparing it to healthy controls. Subjects with other systemic conditions known to affect salivary functions were excluded. A questionnaire was applied for the evaluation of xerostomia. Resting and chewing-stimulated salivary flow rates (SFR) were obtained under standard conditions. There were 145 subjects included of the study (104 RA and 38 controls)...
October 10, 2016: Brazilian Oral Research
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