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Sitaram Gayatri, Martis W Cowles, Vidyasiri Vemulapalli, Donghang Cheng, Zu-Wen Sun, Mark T Bedford
Signal transduction in response to stimuli relies on the generation of cascades of posttranslational modifications that promote protein-protein interactions and facilitate the assembly of distinct signaling complexes. Arginine methylation is one such modification, which is catalyzed by a family of nine protein arginine methyltransferases, or PRMTs. Elucidating the substrate specificity of each PRMT will promote a better understanding of which signaling networks these enzymes contribute to. Although many PRMT substrates have been identified, and their methylation sites mapped, the optimal target motif for each of the nine PRMTs has not been systematically addressed...
2016: Scientific Reports
Uk-Il Ju, Jong-Wan Park, Hyoung-Sook Park, Sang Jeong Kim, Yang-Sook Chun
The transcriptional factor hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) is induced under hypoxia and plays crucial roles in cancer progression and angiogenesis. Protein arginine methyltransferases (PRMTs), 11 isoforms of which have been identified so far, modulates the functions of diverse proteins by catalyzing arginine methylation in post-translational level. PRMT9 (alternatively named FBXO11) and PRMT11 (FBXO10) are expected to have the E3 ubiquitin ligase activity through their F-box domains as well as the methyltrasferase activity...
September 4, 2015: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Andrea Hadjikyriacou, Yanzhong Yang, Alexsandra Espejo, Mark T Bedford, Steven G Clarke
Human protein arginine methyltransferase (PRMT) 9 symmetrically dimethylates arginine residues on splicing factor SF3B2 (SAP145) and has been functionally linked to the regulation of alternative splicing of pre-mRNA. Site-directed mutagenesis studies on this enzyme and its substrate had revealed essential unique residues in the double E loop and the importance of the C-terminal duplicated methyltransferase domain. In contrast to what had been observed with other PRMTs and their physiological substrates, a peptide containing the methylatable Arg-508 of SF3B2 was not recognized by PRMT9 in vitro...
July 3, 2015: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Yanzhong Yang, Andrea Hadjikyriacou, Zheng Xia, Sitaram Gayatri, Daehoon Kim, Cecilia Zurita-Lopez, Ryan Kelly, Ailan Guo, Wei Li, Steven G Clarke, Mark T Bedford
The human genome encodes a family of nine protein arginine methyltransferases (PRMT1-9), whose members can catalyse three distinct types of methylation on arginine residues. Here we identify two spliceosome-associated proteins-SAP145 and SAP49-as PRMT9-binding partners, linking PRMT9 to U2 snRNP maturation. We show that SAP145 is methylated by PRMT9 at arginine 508, which takes the form of monomethylated arginine (MMA) and symmetrically dimethylated arginine (SDMA). PRMT9 thus joins PRMT5 as the only mammalian enzymes capable of depositing the SDMA mark...
2015: Nature Communications
Yi-Chun Wang, Jing-Doo Wang, Chin-Han Chen, Yi-Wen Chen, Chuan Li
We developed a novel BLAST-Based Relative Distance (BBRD) method by Pearson's correlation coefficient to avoid the problems of tedious multiple sequence alignment and complicated outgroup selection. We showed its application on reconstructing reliable phylogeny for nucleotide and protein sequences as exemplified by the fmr-1 gene and dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase, respectively. We then used BBRD to resolve 124 protein arginine methyltransferases (PRMTs) that are homologues of nine mammalian PRMTs. The tree placed the uncharacterized PRMT9 with PRMT7 in the same clade, outside of all the Type I PRMTs including PRMT1 and its vertebrate paralogue PRMT8, PRMT3, PRMT6, PRMT2 and PRMT4...
March 2015: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
Jeffry R Cook, Jin-Hyung Lee, Zhi-Hong Yang, Christopher D Krause, Nicole Herth, Ralf Hoffmann, Sidney Pestka
We have identified a protein, FLJ12673 or FBXO11, that contains domains characteristically present in protein arginine methyltransferases (PRMTs). Immuno-purified protein expressed from one of the four splice variants in HeLa cells and in Escherichia coli exhibited methyltransferase activity. Monomethylarginine, symmetric, and asymmetric dimethylarginine (SDMA, ADMA) were formed on arginine residues. Accordingly, we have designated the protein PRMT9. PRMT9 is the third member of the PRMT family that forms SDMA modifications in proteins...
April 7, 2006: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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