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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545939/relationship-between-climatic-factors-and-air-quality-with-tuberculosis-in-the-federal-district-brazil-2003-2012
#1
Fernanda Monteiro de Castro Fernandes, Eder de Souza Martins, Daniella Melo Arnaud Sampaio Pedrosa, Maria do Socorro Nantua Evangelista
INTRODUCTION: Despite the high rate of tuberculosis (TB) indicators in Brazil, the Federal District (FD) shows a low prevalence of the disease. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the relationship between climatic factors and air quality with tuberculosis in the Brazilian Federal District. METHODOLOGY: This was an ecological and descriptive study comparing 3927 new cases of TB registered at the Federal District Tuberculosis Control Program with data from the National Institute of Meteorology, Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics, Brazilian Agricultural Research Institute, Brasilia Environmental Institute, and the Federal District Planning Company...
May 22, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541687/bicyclic-alkyl-amino-carbenes-bicaacs-stable-carbenes-more-ambiphilic-than-caacs
#2
Eder Tomás-Mendivil, Max M Hansmann, Cory M Weinstein, Rodolphe Jazzar, Mohand Melaimi, Guy Bertrand
A straightforward strategy allows for the synthesis of storable bicyclic (alkyl)(amino)carbenes (BICAACs), which feature enhanced σ-donating and π-accepting properties compared to monocyclic (alkyl)(amino)carbenes (CAACs). Due to the bicyclo[2.2.2]octane skeleton, the steric environment around the carbene center is different from that of CAACs, and similar to that observed in classical NHCs. The different electronic properties of BICAACs as compared to CAACs allow for ligand exchange reactions not only at a metal center, but also at main group elements...
May 25, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498546/the-use-of-inverted-l-posteromedial-thigh-l-pmt-flap-for-autologous-breast-reconstruction-a-case-report
#3
Mario F Scaglioni, Maximilian Eder, Pietro Giovanoli
The posteromedial thigh (PMT) flap has been described for breast reconstruction in vertical fashion (vPMT). However, it might not incorporate enough soft tissue for reconstruction of a medium size breast. Here, we present a case utilizing the free inverted-L posteromedial thigh (L-PMT) flap for autologous reconstruction of the breast. A 65-year-old woman with a body max index (BMI) of 24.5 kg/m(2) underwent nipple sparring mastectomy and received immediate unilateral breast reconstruction. The flap was raised based on the first medial perforator of the profunda femoris artery (PFA)...
May 12, 2017: Microsurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498001/abce1-a-special-factor-that-orchestrates-translation-at-the-crossroad-between-recycling-and-initiation
#4
Eder Mancera-Martínez, Jailson Brito Querido, Leos Shivaya Valasek, Angelita Simonetti, Yaser Hashem
For many years initiation and termination of mRNA translation have been studied separately. However, a direct link between these two isolated stages has been suggested by the fact that some initiation factors also control termination and can even promote ribosome recycling; i.e. the last stage where post-terminating 80 S ribosomes are split to start a new round of initiation. Notably, it is now firmly established that, among other factors, ribosomal recycling critically requires the NTPase ABCE1. However, several earlier reports have proposed that ABCE1 also somehow participates in the initiation complex assembly...
May 12, 2017: RNA Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497198/diagnostic-performance-of-68-ga-psma-11-hbed-cc-pet-ct-in-patients-with-recurrent-prostate-cancer-evaluation-in-1007-patients
#5
Ali Afshar-Oromieh, Tim Holland-Letz, Frederik L Giesel, Clemens Kratochwil, Walter Mier, Sabine Haufe, Nils Debus, Matthias Eder, Michael Eisenhut, Martin Schäfer, Oliver Neels, Markus Hohenfellner, Klaus Kopka, Hans-Ulrich Kauczor, Jürgen Debus, Uwe Haberkorn
PURPOSE: Since the clinical introduction of (68)Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT, this imaging method has rapidly spread and is now regarded as a significant step forward in the diagnosis of recurrent prostate cancer (PCa). The aim of this study was to analyse the influence of several variables with possible influence on PSMA ligand uptake in a large cohort. METHODS: We performed a retrospective analysis of 1007 consecutive patients who were scanned with (68)Ga-PSMA-11 PET/CT (1 h after injection) from January 2014 to January 2017 to detect recurrent disease...
May 12, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494455/the-clinical-impact-of-bet-v-6-in-birch-pollen-sensitized-patients
#6
Donata Gellrich, Katharina Eder, Marion San Nicoló, Alexander Berghaus, Moritz Gröger
BACKGROUND: Bet v 6, a minor birch pollen allergen, is commercially available for allergen-specific IgE antibody testing. However, there is hardly any literature on the clinical impact of Bet v 6. The aim of the present study was to analyze if testing specific IgE against Bet v 6 can add valuable benefit to the standard diagnostics of birch pollen-sensitized patients, especially in patients with unknown sensitization-eliciting allergens. METHODS: Birch pollen-sensitized patients with missing IgE reactivity against Bet v 1, 2, and 4 were tested for specific IgE antibodies against Bet v 6...
May 12, 2017: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483498/design-of-a-randomized-trial-to-determine-the-optimum-protein-intake-to-preserve-lean-body-mass-and-to-optimize-response-to-a-promyogenic-anabolic-agent-in-older-men-with-physical-functional-limitation
#7
Shalender Bhasin, Caroline M Apovian, Thomas G Travison, Karol Pencina, Grace Huang, Lynn L Moore, Wayne W Campbell, Andrew Howland, Ruo Chen, Martha R Singer, Mitali Shah, Richard Eder, Haley Schram, Richelle Bearup, Yusnie M Beleva, Ashley C McCarthy, Zhouying Li, Erin Woodbury, Jennifer McKinnon, Thomas W Storer, Shehzad Basaria
The dietary protein allowance for older men to maintain lean body mass and muscle strength and to accrue optimal anabolic responses to promyogenic stimuli is poorly characterized. The OPTIMEN trial was designed to assess in older men with moderate physical dysfunction and insufficient habitual protein intake (<recommended dietary allowance, RDA, 0.8g·kg(-1)·d(-1)) the efficacy of consuming diets containing 163% RDA (1.3g·kg(-1)·d(-1)) for protein, compared to RDA, to increase lean mass, muscle performance, and physical function...
May 5, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481921/low-sodium-diet-induces-atherogenesis-regardless-of-lowering-blood-pressure-in-hypertensive-hyperlipidemic-mice
#8
Fernanda B Fusco, Diego J Gomes, Kely C S Bispo, Veronica P Toledo, Denise F Barbeiro, Vera L Capelozzi, Luzia N S Furukawa, Ana P P Velosa, Walcy R Teodoro, Joel C Heimann, Eder C R Quintao, Marisa Passarelli, Edna R Nakandakare, Sergio Catanozi
This study investigated the influence of sodium restriction and antihypertensive drugs on atherogenesis utilizing hypertensive (H) low-density lipoprotein-receptor knockout mice treated or not with losartan (Los) or hydralazine (Hyd) and fed low-sodium (LS) or normal-sodium (NS) chow. Despite reducing the blood pressure (BP) of H-LS mice, the LS diet caused arterial lipid infiltration due to increased plasma total cholesterol (TC) and triglycerides (TG). Los and Hyd reduced the BP of H-LS mice, and Los effectively prevented arterial injury, likely by reducing plasma TG and nonesterified fatty acids...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480616/transferable-organic-semiconductor-nanosheets-for-application-in-electronic-devices
#9
Simon J Noever, Michael Eder, Fabio Del Giudice, Jan Martin, Franz X Werkmeister, Stefan Hallwig, Stefan Fischer, Oliver Seeck, Nils-Eike Weber, Clemens Liewald, Fritz Keilmann, Andrey Turchanin, Bert Nickel
A method has been developed to stabilize and transfer nanofilms of functional organic semiconductors. The method is based on crosslinking of their topmost layers by low energy electron irradiation. The films can then be detached from their original substrates and subsequently deposited onto new solid or holey substrates retaining their structural integrity. Grazing incidence X-ray diffraction, X-ray specular reflectivity, and UV-Vis spectroscopy measurements reveal that the electron irradiation of ≈50 nm thick pentacene films results in crosslinking of their only topmost ≈5 nm (3-4 monolayers), whereas the deeper pentacene layers preserve their pristine crystallinity...
May 8, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473624/p-y317h-is-a-new-jak2-gain-of-function-mutation-affecting-the-ferm-domain-in-a-myelofibrosis-patient-with-calr-mutation
#10
Laura Eder-Azanza, Cristina Hurtado, David Navarro-Herrera, Paula Aranaz, Francisco J Novo, José L Vizmanos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 4, 2017: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468216/a-rare-case-of-malignant-fibrous-histiocytoma-undifferentiated-high-grade-pleomorphic-sarcoma-of-malar-region
#11
Éder A Sigua-Rodriguez, Douglas Rangel Goulart, Afonso Celso de Moraes Manzano, Luciana Asprino
Malignant fibrous histiocytoma is a sarcoma with rare occurrence in the oral and maxillofacial region; surgery is the most reliable treatment. Inadequate resection of the sarcoma on the oral and maxillofacial region is associated with a high incidence of local recurrence and a poor prognosis. Only few patients of malignant fibrous histiocytoma of the malar region have been previously reported in the literature. The authors report a new patient of malignant fibrous histiocytoma on the right malar region that treated a complete tumor surgical excision without lymph node dissection...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462464/establishment-of-a-molding-procedure-to-facilitate-formulation-development-for-co-extrudates
#12
Simone Eder, Michela Beretta, Andreas Witschnigg, Ioannis Koutsamanis, Karin Eggenreich, Johannes G Khinast, Gerold Koscher, Amrit Paudel, Klaus Nickisch, Maika Friedrich, Eleonore Froehlich, Eva Roblegg
Co-extrusion offers a number of advantages over conventional manufacturing techniques. However, the setup of a co-extrusion line is cost- and time-intense and formulation development is challenging. This work introduces a novel procedure to test the applicability of a co-extruded reservoir-type system at an early product development stage. We propose vacuum compression molding (VCM), a fast procedure that requires only small material amounts, for the manufacturing of cylindrical reservoir-type system. To this end, the commercially available co-extruded product NuvaRing(®) and variations thereof were used as test systems...
May 1, 2017: AAPS PharmSciTech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462190/mechanical-evaluation-of-the-use-of-conventional-and-locking-miniplate-screw-systems-used-in-sagittal-split-ramus-osteotomy
#13
Zarina Tatia Barbosa Vieira Santos, Douglas Rangel Goulart, Eder Alberto Sigua-Rodriguez, Leandro Pozzer, Sergio Olate, José Ricardo Albergaria-Barbosa
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the mechanical resistance of four different osteosyntheses modeled in two different sagittal split ramus osteotomy (SSRO) designs and to determine the linear loading in a universal testing machine. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An in vitro experiment was conducted with 40 polyurethane hemimandibles. The samples were divided into two groups based on osteotomy design; Group I, right angles between osteotomies and Group II, no right angles between osteotomies...
April 2017: Journal of the Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461531/defining-outcome-measures-for-psoriatic-arthritis-a-report-from-the-grappa-omeract-working-group
#14
Alexis Ogdie, Maarten de Wit, Kristina Callis Duffin, Willemina Campbell, Jeffrey Chau, Laura C Coates, Lihi Eder, Musaab Elmamoun, Oliver FitzGerald, Dafna D Gladman, Niti Goel, Jana James, Umut Kalyoncu, John Latella, Chris Lindsay, Philip J Mease, Denis O'Sullivan, Ingrid Steinkoenig, Vibeke Strand, William Tillett, Ana-Maria Orbai
The Group for Research and Assessment of Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis (GRAPPA)-Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) Core Set working group recently published the updated 2016 psoriatic arthritis (PsA) core domain set, a set of disease features that should be measured in all clinical trials. At the GRAPPA annual meeting in July 2016, the PsA working group presented the updated PsA core domain set endorsed by 90% of participants at OMERACT in May 2016 and drafted a roadmap for the development of the PsA core outcome measurement set...
May 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459743/the-use-of-gmp-produced-bone-marrow-derived-stem-cells-in-combination-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-ards-an-animal-model
#15
Ergin Kocyildirim, Nayra Cárdenes, Antony Ting, Eder Cáceres, Christian BermUdez, Mauricio Rojas
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is the result of a wide variety of disorders, which can be associated with different clinical disorders or systemic diseases directly affecting the lungs. Currently, the only existing therapy is limited to supportive care. In a 6 hour pilot study, we analyzed the use of the combination of both stem cell and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) strategies to prevent or treat severe lung injury. A total of 11 sheep were used. Five sheep received Escherichia coli endotoxin as a control group (group 1)...
May 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453742/blinded-contractility-analysis-in-hipsc-cardiomyocytes-in-engineered-heart-tissue-format-comparison-with-human-atrial-trabeculae
#16
Ingra Mannhardt, Alexandra Eder, Berengere Dumotier, Maksymilian Prondzynski, Elisabeth Krämer, Martin Traebert, Klaus-Dieter Söhren, Frederik Flenner, Konstantina Stathopoulou, Marc D Lemoine, Lucie Carrier, Torsten Christ, Thomas Eschenhagen, Arne Hansen
Objective: Human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CM) may serve as a new assay for drug testing in a human context, but their validity particularly for the evaluation of inotropic drug effects remains unclear. In this blinded analysis, we compared the effects of 10 indicator compounds with known inotropic effects in electrically stimulated (1.5 Hz) hiPSC-CM-derived 3 dimensional engineered heart tissue (EHT) and human atrial trabeculae (hAT). Methods and results: Human EHTs were prepared from iCell® hiPSC-CM, hAT obtained at routine heart surgery...
April 27, 2017: Toxicological Sciences: An Official Journal of the Society of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448166/changes-in-motorcycle-related-injuries-and-deaths-after-mandatory-motorcycle-helmet-law-in-a-district-of-vietnam
#17
Ninh Thi Ha, David Ederer, Van Anh Vo Ha, An Van Pham, Anthony Mounts, Leisha Nolen, David Sugerman
OBJECTIVE: Our study measured the change in head injuries and deaths among motorcycle users in Cu Chi district, a suburban district of Ho Chi Minh City. METHODS: Hospital records for road traffic injuries (RTI) were collected from the Cu Chi Trauma Centre and motorcycle-related death records were obtained from mortality registries in commune health offices. Head injury severity was categorised using the Abbreviated Injury Score (AIS). Rate ratios (RR) were used to compare rates pre- and post-law (2005/06-2009/10)...
April 27, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447893/ultra-small-solid-archaeolipid-nanoparticles-for-active-targeting-to-macrophages-of-the-inflamed-mucosa
#18
Leticia Herminia Higa, Horacio Emanuel Jerez, Marcelo Alexandre de Farias, Rodrigo Villares Portugal, Eder Lilia Romero, Maria Jose Morilla
AIM: Develop nanoparticulate agents for oral targeted delivery of dexamethasone (Dex) to macrophages of inflamed mucosa. MATERIALS & METHODS: Solid archaeolipid nanoparticles (SAN-Dex) (compritol/Halorubrum tebenquichense polar archaeolipids/soybean phosphatidylcholine/Tween-80 4; 0.9; 0.3; 3% w/w) loaded with Dex were prepared. Their mucopenetration, stability under digestion and in vitro anti-inflammatory activity, were determined. RESULTS: Ultra-small SAN-Dex strongly reduced the levels of TNF-α, IL-6 and IL-12 on J774A1 cells stimulated with lipopolysaccharides as compared with free Dex or loaded in ordinary solid lipid nanoparticles-Dex...
April 27, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445060/asymmetric-synthesis-of-carbocyclic-propellanes
#19
Lisa M Schneider, Volker M Schmiedel, Tommaso Pecchioli, Dieter Lentz, Christian Merten, Mathias Christmann
A modular synthesis of functionalized carbocyclic propellanes was developed. Formation of the first of two quaternary bridgehead centers has been achieved by desymmetrization of prostereogenic ketones by either Hajos-Parrish-Eder-Sauer-Wiechert-type processes or Werner's catalytic asymmetric Wittig reaction. The obtained bicyclic enones were subjected to conjugate additions upon which the remaining ring was formed by olefin metathesis. All bridges are amenable to further derivatization, which renders those compounds useful as central units in fragment-based drug discovery or as ligand scaffolds...
May 5, 2017: Organic Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443387/microwave-activated-carbons-from-tucum%C3%A3-astrocaryum-aculeatum-seed-for-efficient-removal-of-2-nitrophenol-from-aqueous-solutions
#20
Cibele S Umpierres, Pascal S Thue, Eder C Lima, Glaydson S Dos Reis, Irineu A S de Brum, Wagner S de Alencar, Silvio L P Dias, Guilherme L Dotto
Activated carbons (ACs) prepared from tucumã seed (Astrocaryum aculeatum) were used for 2-nitrophenol removal from aqueous solutions. The ACs were characterized by elemental analysis, FTIR, N2 adsorption/desorption isotherms, TGA, hydrophobicity/hydrophilicity balance, and total of acidic and basic groups. The ACs showed to have hydrophilic surfaces and they presented high specific surface areas (up to 1318 m(2) g(-1)). In batch optimization studies, maximum removal was obtained at pH 7, contact time of 30 min, adsorbent dosage 1...
May 9, 2017: Environmental Technology
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