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Posttraumatic stress disorder and cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329305/association-between-spousal-suicide-and-mental-physical-and-social-health-outcomes-a-longitudinal-and-nationwide-register-based-study
#1
Annette Erlangsen, Bo Runeson, James M Bolton, Holly C Wilcox, Julie L Forman, Jesper Krogh, M Katherine Shear, Merete Nordentoft, Yeates Conwell
Importance: Bereavement after spousal suicide has been linked to mental disorders; however, a comprehensive assessment of the effect of spousal suicide is needed. Objective: To determine whether bereavement after spousal suicide was linked to an excessive risk of mental, physical, and social health outcomes when compared with the general population and spouses bereaved by other manners. Design, Setting, and Participants: This nationwide, register-based cohort study conducted in Denmark of 6...
March 22, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304267/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-and-family-functioning-in-adult-children-facing-parental-cancer-a-comparison-study
#2
Ricardo J Teixeira, M Graça Pereira
This study analyzed posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and family functioning in a sample of adult children caregivers of cancer patients and in a group of adult children of nonchronically ill parents. Participants completed measures of family functioning and PTSD symptoms. The parental cancer group was subdivided into PTSD subgroups, and significant differences, on family functioning, were found. In the parental cancer group, the predictors of PTSD symptoms were being a woman and having an enmeshed or chaotic family functioning...
August 1, 2016: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300764/predictors-of-posttraumatic-stress-and-posttraumatic-growth-in-childhood-cancer-survivors
#3
Veronika Koutná, Martin Jelínek, Marek Blatný, Tomáš Kepák
This longitudinal study aims to analyze predictors of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) among gender, age, objective factors of the disease and its treatment, family environment factors and negative emotionality. The sample consisted of 97 childhood cancer survivors (50 girls and 47 boys) aged 11-25 years who were in remission 1.7 to seven years at T1 and four to 12.5 years at T2. Survivors completed a set of questionnaires including the Benefit Finding Scale for Children and the University of California at Los Angeles Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Index...
March 16, 2017: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261754/unmet-need-for-healthcare-services-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer-and-their-parent-carers
#4
Susan M Sawyer, Robyn McNeil, Maria McCarthy, Lisa Orme, Kate Thompson, Sarah Drew, David Dunt
PURPOSE: Cancer in adolescents in and young adults (AYA) has the potential to disrupt health, well-being and developmental trajectories. This study aimed to describe the healthcare support service needs of AYAs with cancer and parent carers and to explore the association of unmet need and emotional distress. METHODS: As part of a national Australian survey of 15-25 year olds with cancer and a nominated parent carer, 196 AYAs reported total and unmet need for 10 clinical services and 204 parents reported on their child's and their own healthcare service needs...
March 6, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151832/the-relationships-among-symptom-distress-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-depression-in-patients-with-female-specific-cancers
#5
Hong-Yi Tung, Yu-Hua Lin, Chia-Chan Kao, Shu-Fen Wu
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) affect women with breast cancer. However, few studies have explored the relationships among PTSS, symptom distress, and depression in association with cancers specific to women in Taiwan. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the relationships among symptom distress, PTSS, and depression in women given a diagnosis of female-specific cancers. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used, and 220 women given a diagnosis of female-specific cancer were recruited from a general hospital in southern Taiwan...
February 2, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110640/effect-of-a-group-intervention-for-children-and-their-parents-who-have-cancer
#6
Mariko Kobayashi, Sue P Heiney, Kaori Osawa, Miwa Ozawa, Eisuke Matsushima
OBJECTIVE: Although support programs for children whose parents have cancer have been described and evaluated, formal research has not been conducted to document outcomes. We adapted a group intervention called CLIMB®, originally developed in the United States, and implemented it in Tokyo, Japan, for school-aged children and their parents with cancer. The purpose of this exploratory pilot study was to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and impact of the Japanese version of the CLIMB® Program on children's stress and parents' quality of life and psychosocial distress...
January 23, 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053919/prevalence-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-breast-cancer-patients-a-meta-analysis
#7
REVIEW
Xin Wu, Jieru Wang, Reuben Cofie, Atipatsa C Kaminga, Aizhong Liu
BACKGROUND: Prevalence estimates of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among breast cancer patients varied widely in existing studies. This study aimed to provide an overall prevalence estimate of PTSD among breast cancer patients, and the prevalence estimates related to specific PTSD diagnosis tools. METHODS: Systematic search of relevant articles was made from seven databases. Freeman-Tukey Double Arcsine Transformation was used to estimate the overall prevalence of PTSD...
December 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936852/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-the-risk-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-among-mothers-of-children-diagnosed-with-cancer-and-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#8
Leilani Greening, Laura Stoppelbein, Kara Cheek
OBJECTIVE: Research findings have indicated that mothers of children diagnosed with life-threatening illnesses can be at risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms (PTSS), with African American mothers being especially vulnerable because of evidence suggesting higher rates of PTSD among both African Americans and women. Race/ethnicity, past trauma exposure and the interaction of these variables were evaluated as risk factors for PTSS, depression, and state and trait anxiety among African American and Caucasian mothers of chronically ill children...
December 12, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811555/targeting-the-endocannabinoid-system-in-psychiatric-illness
#9
Martin A Katzman, Melissa Furtado, Leena Anand
Prevalence of psychiatric disorders continues to rise globally, yet remission rates and patient outcome remain less than ideal. As a result, novel treatment approaches for these disorders are necessary to decrease societal economic burden, as well as increase individual functioning. The recent discovery of the endocannabinoid system has provided an outlet for further research into its role in psychiatric disorders, because efficacy of targeted treatments have been demonstrated in medical illnesses, including cancers, neuropathic pain, and multiple sclerosis...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699737/-cancer-related-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-in-patients-with-cancer
#10
Chia-Chan Kao, Yu-Hua Lin
At least half of patients with cancer experience emotional distress (e.g., posttraumatic stress symptoms). Most of the studies on the emotional distress of Taiwanese cancer patients have focused on issues of depression rather than on posttraumatic stress disorder. The scope of the present article covers the definitions of cancer-related posttraumatic stress disorder (CR-PTSD) and cancer-related posttraumatic stress symptoms (CR-PTSS), identifies the differences and similarities between professional interview and self-administered measurement tools and their applications; analyzes the prevalence of CR-PTSD and CR-PTSS; identifies the possible contributing sociodemographic (younger age, female, low education, low socio-economic status), clinical (advanced stage, undergoing chemotherapy, just completed the therapy), and psychosocial (negative psychological traits, poor social support, and insufficient coping strategies) of CR-PTSD and CR-PTSS; and aggregates the effects of cognitive and psychosocial interventions on CR-PTSD and CR-PTSS...
October 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27466972/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-after-cancer-diagnosis-in-adults-a-meta-analysis
#11
Samantha Swartzman, Josephine N Booth, Alastair Munro, Fabio Sani
BACKGROUND: Since the introduction of serious illness as a potential traumatic stressor in the fourth version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV), research on the prevalence and predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after cancer diagnosis has proliferated. Studies have reported widely varying estimates of the number of people with PTSD after cancer. The aim of this review is to synthesize quantitative data from studies reporting the proportion of people with PTSD among groups of cancer survivors...
July 28, 2016: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27459447/psychiatric-psychological-and-social-determinants-of-health-in-the-nurses-health-study-cohorts
#12
Claudia Trudel-Fitzgerald, Ying Chen, Ankura Singh, Olivia I Okereke, Laura D Kubzansky
OBJECTIVES: To review the contribution of the Nurses' Health Studies (NHS) on factors that influence mental and physical health. METHODS: Narrative review of all published articles using data from the NHS, the NHS II, and the Growing Up Today Study focusing on mental health conditions (e.g., depression, posttraumatic stress disorder, anxiety) and psychosocial resources and stressors (e.g., job strain, interpersonal violence, social relationships, sexual orientation) between 1990 and 2016...
September 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27359345/hope-as-determinant-for-psychiatric-morbidity-in-family-caregivers-of-advanced-cancer-patients
#13
T Rumpold, S Schur, M Amering, A Ebert-Vogel, K Kirchheiner, E K Masel, H Watzke, B Schrank
OBJECTIVE: Home care of advanced cancer patients often has adverse effects on physical and mental health of family caregivers. Little is known about the long-term effects of continuous caregiving on mental health as compared to the effects of bereavement. The objectives of this study were to describe the course of psychiatric morbidity in family caregivers over time, to identify the impact of the patients' death on caregivers, and to explore possible predictor variables for psychiatric morbidity...
June 30, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27321897/caregiver-distress-and-patient-health-related-quality-of-life-psychosocial-screening-during-pediatric-cancer-treatment
#14
Lisa Pierce, Matthew C Hocking, Lisa A Schwartz, Melissa A Alderfer, Anne E Kazak, Lamia P Barakat
BACKGROUND: Reports of acceptability of psychosocial screening are limited, and the utility of screening in identifying risk factors for health-related quality of life (HRQL) of children with cancer has not been established. This study aimed to assess acceptability of screening for parents and evaluate associations between family risk factors and patient HRQL in the first year post-diagnosis. PROCEDURE: Sixty-seven parents of children with cancer completed the Psychosocial Assessment Tool (family risk), Distress Thermometer (caregiver distress), Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Checklist-Civilian 6 (caregiver traumatic stress), PedsQL 4...
June 20, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27283164/nccn-guidelines-insights-survivorship-version-1-2016
#15
Crystal S Denlinger, Jennifer A Ligibel, Madhuri Are, K Scott Baker, Gregory Broderick, Wendy Demark-Wahnefried, Debra L Friedman, Mindy Goldman, Lee W Jones, Allison King, Grace H Ku, Elizabeth Kvale, Terry S Langbaum, Mary S McCabe, Michelle Melisko, Jose G Montoya, Kathi Mooney, Mary Ann Morgan, Javid J Moslehi, Tracey O'Connor, Linda Overholser, Electra D Paskett, Jeffrey Peppercorn, M Alma Rodriguez, Kathryn J Ruddy, Tara Sanft, Paula Silverman, Sophia Smith, Karen L Syrjala, Susan G Urba, Mark T Wakabayashi, Phyllis Zee, Nicole R McMillian, Deborah A Freedman-Cass
The NCCN Guidelines for Survivorship provide screening, evaluation, and treatment recommendations for common consequences of cancer and cancer treatment. They are intended to aid health care professionals who work with survivors of adult-onset cancer in the posttreatment period, including those in general oncology, specialty cancer survivor clinics, and primary care practices. Guidance is also provided to help promote physical activity, weight management, and proper immunizations in survivors. This article summarizes the NCCN Survivorship panel's discussions for the 2016 update of the guidelines regarding the management of anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder-related symptoms, and emotional distress in survivors...
June 2016: Journal of the National Comprehensive Cancer Network: JNCCN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27146642/infancy-and-pediatric-cancer-an-exploratory-study-of-parent-psychological-distress
#16
L Vernon, D Eyles, C Hulbert, L Bretherton, M C McCarthy
BACKGROUND: Research on the psychological experiences of parents of infants within pediatric oncology is sparse. This study examined rates and indicative risk factors for psychological distress in parents where there is either an infant patient or infant sibling of a patient. METHODS: Participants were mothers (n = 41) and fathers (n = 25) of infants under 2 years who either had a cancer diagnosis (n = 37; infant patients) or was an infant sibling of an older child with cancer (n = 29; infant siblings) recruited from a single oncology center...
March 2017: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27142443/protocol-for-the-psychotherapeutic-group-intervention-for-facilitating-posttraumatic-growth-in-nonmetastatic-breast-cancer-patients
#17
Catarina Ramos, Isabel Leal, Richard G Tedeschi
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer can be perceived as a traumatic event with disturbing effects on psychological domains such as depression, anxiety, and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. In contrast, growing evidence has shown that posttraumatic growth can occur as a result of coping with breast cancer. Challenging the assumptive world, deliberate rumination, and emotional disclosure are recognized as strong predictors of posttraumatic growth. Group interventions may also increase social support, distress disclosure, and posttraumatic growth...
2016: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27135273/-parental-distress-caused-by-child-s-cancer-diagnosis
#18
K Dietrich, U Leiss, B Griessmeier, A Wiener, A-C Minetzke-Gruner, D Linhart, R Braungart, N Graf, G Wevers-Donauer
INTRODUCTION: Considering that parental well-being influences the healing process of a child significantly, the relevance of psychosocial care of parents with children with cancer is obvious. Since the parental distress has hardly been studied in Germany, this study examines the burdens of parents of children with cancer. In addition, it provides a diagnostic tool that is used to standardize and facilitate the whole patient management. METHODS: n=213 parents have participated in the survey scheduled from September 2013 to September 2014 in pediatric oncology centers...
April 2016: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27040687/posttraumatic-growth-after-motor-vehicle-crashes
#19
Kitty K Wu, Patrick W L Leung, Valda W Cho, Lawrence S C Law
The relationship between sub-dimensions of posttraumatic growth (PTG) and distress was investigated for survivors of motor vehicle crashes (MVC). PTG and symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) for 1045 MVC survivors who attended the Accident and Emergency Services were examined with the Chinese versions of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI) and the Impact of Event Scale-Revised 1 week after the experience of a MVC. A factor structure, which was different from both the original English version of the PTGI and the Chinese version of PTGI for cancer survivors, was identified...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27039206/breast-cancer-survivors-suffer-from-persistent-postmastectomy-pain-syndrome-and-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-orthus-study-a-study-of-the-palliative-care-working-committee-of-the-turkish-oncology-group-tog
#20
Ali Alkan, Zeynep Gulsum Guc, Filiz Cay Senler, Tugba Yavuzsen, Handan Onur, Mutlu Dogan, Ebru Karci, Arzu Yasar, Elif Berna Koksoy, Ozgur Tanriverdi, Serdar Turhal, Yuksel Urun, Asiye Ozkan, Dilsa Mizrak, Hakan Akbulut
PURPOSE: Persistent postmastectomy pain syndrome (PMPS) is one of the most important disturbing symptoms. Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder which is characterized by reactions to reminders of the trauma that has been experienced. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the predictors of PMPS and PTSD in Turkish breast cancer survivors and the correlation between PMPS and PTSD. METHOD: The study is designed as a multicenter survey study...
September 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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