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Posttraumatic stress disorder and cancer

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101712/posttraumatic-stress-related-psychological-functioning-in-adult-survivors-of-childhood-cancer
#1
Jennifer Allen, Victoria W Willard, James L Klosky, Chenghong Li, D Kumar Srivastava, Leslie L Robison, Melissa M Hudson, Sean Phipps
PURPOSE: The majority of research examining posttraumatic stress symptoms/disorder (PTSS/PTSD) among adult survivors of childhood cancer has been oriented to cancer, assuming that cancer has been the most traumatic experience in their lives. Whether that assumption is valid, and how it might impact assessment of PTSS, is unknown. METHODS: Survivors in the St. Jude Lifetime Cohort study completed an assessment of PTSS without cancer orientation, global psychological functioning, perceived stress, and cancer-related anxiety...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042341/pain-self-management-for-veterans-development-and-pilot-test-of-a-stage-based-mobile-optimized-intervention
#2
Sara S Johnson, Deborah A Levesque, Lynne E Broderick, Dustin G Bailey, Robert D Kerns
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is a significant public health burden affecting more Americans than cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer combined. Veterans are disproportionately affected by chronic pain. Among previously deployed soldiers and veterans, the prevalence of chronic pain is estimated between 44% and 60%. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this research was to develop and pilot-test Health eRide: Your Journey to Managing Pain, a mobile pain self-management program for chronic musculoskeletal pain for veterans...
October 17, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792291/executive-function-in-cancer-patients-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#3
Juan Yang, Juncheng Guo, Xiangling Jiang
Background Cancer patients with posttraumatic stress disorder can lead to their noncompliant behaviors. However, less is known about the neurocognitive functioning of posttraumatic stress disorder in general cancer types or patient populations. The current study attempted to examine the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder and their relationships with executive function in individuals with cancer. Methods A total of 285 cancer patients with posttraumatic stress disorder and 150 healthy individuals were recruited for the present study...
March 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762707/primary-care-for-refugees-challenges-and-opportunities
#4
REVIEW
Ranit Mishori, Shoshana Aleinikoff, Dawn Davis
Since 1975, more than 3 million refugees have settled in the United States, fleeing unrest, conflict, and persecution. Refugees represent diverse ethnic, cultural, religious, socioeconomic, and educational backgrounds. Despite this heterogeneity, there are commonalities in the refugee experience. Before resettlement, all refugees must undergo an overseas medical screening to detect conditions that pose a potential health threat in the United States. On arrival, they should undergo an examination to detect diseases with high prevalence in their country of origin or departure...
July 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645572/longitudinal-associations-between-mental-health-conditions-and-overactive-bladder-in-women-veterans
#5
Catherine S Bradley, Ingrid E Nygaard, Stephen L Hillis, James C Torner, Anne G Sadler
BACKGROUND: One in 5 recently deployed US women veterans report overactive bladder symptoms. Mental health conditions such as depression and anxiety commonly co-occur in women with overactive bladder, but temporal relationships between these outcomes have not been well studied, and the mechanism behind this association is unknown. The Women Veterans Urinary Health Study, a nationwide longitudinal study in recently deployed women veterans, was designed to better understand relationships between overactive bladder and mental health conditions...
October 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613996/personal-resilience-resources-predict-post-stem-cell-transplant-cancer-survivors-psychological-outcomes-through-reductions-in-depressive-symptoms-and-meaning-making
#6
Rebecca A Campo, Lisa M Wu, Jane Austin, Heiddis Valdimarsdottir, Christine Rini
This longitudinal study examined whether post-transplant cancer survivors (N = 254, 9 months to 3 years after stem cell transplant treatment) with greater personal resilience resources demonstrated better psychological outcomes and whether this could be attributed to reductions in depressive symptoms and/or four meaning-making processes (searching for and finding reasons for one's illness; searching for and finding benefit from illness). Hierarchical linear regression analyses examined associations of survivors' baseline personal resilience resources (composite variable of self-esteem, mastery, and optimism), which occurred an average of 1...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599843/psychiatric-care-of-the-radiation-oncology-patient
#7
REVIEW
Emily G Holmes, Jordan A Holmes, Eliza M Park
BACKGROUND: In recent decades, psychiatrists have become increasingly involved in the care of patients with cancer. Psychiatrists are often less familiar with the field of radiation oncology than with other medical specialties. OBJECTIVE: Therefore, it is beneficial for consulting psychiatrists to be familiar with the basic principles of radiation therapy (RT) and its potential neuropsychiatric sequelae. METHODS: We performed a PubMed search to identify articles describing neuropsychiatric symptoms resulting from RT, including anxiety, claustrophobia, posttraumatic stress disorder, and neurocognitive impairment...
September 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513187/stress-and-response-to-treatment-insights-from-a-pilot-study-using-a-4-week-contemplative-self-healing-meditation-intervention-for-posttraumatic-stress-in-breast-cancer
#8
Emanuela Offidani, Janey C Peterson, Joseph Loizzo, Anne Moore, Mary E Charlson
Along with symptoms of anxiety and depression, many breast cancer survivors experience symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) that may worsen in the setting of other stressful life events. The aim of this pilot study was to evaluate whether a 4-week version of our Contemplative Self-Healing program would have different effects in reducing PTSD symptoms between breast cancer survivors with or without chronic stress at baseline. PTSD symptoms were measured using the Impact of Events scale (IES). A linear mixed model analysis was used to evaluate within patients changes in IES score...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496365/prevalence-and-prognosis-of-stress-disorders-a-review-of-the-epidemiologic-literature
#9
REVIEW
Jaimie L Gradus
Given the ubiquity of traumatic events, it is not surprising that posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) - a common diagnosis following one of these experiences - is characterized as conferring a large burden for individuals and society. Although there is recognition of the importance of PTSD diagnoses throughout psychiatry, the literature on other diagnoses one may receive following a stressful or traumatic event is scant. This review summarizes the literature on stress disorders (classified according to the International Classification of Diseases, 10th Edition [ICD-10]), including acute stress reaction, PTSD, adjustment disorder and unspecified stress reactions...
2017: Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489491/risk-factors-for-symptoms-of-prescription-opioid-misuse-do-older-adults-differ-from-younger-adult-patients
#10
Gerald Cochran, Daniel Rosen, Rebecca M McCarthy, Rafael J Engel
Limited research is available regarding the health risks associated with opioid medication misuse among middle age (50-64 years) and older adults (65 and older). Understanding the misuse symptom risk profiles of these populations has potential to advance the national opioid epidemic response. A survey was conducted in four community pharmacies in southwestern Pennsylvania among adult, non-cancer patients filling opioid medications (N = 318) regarding opioid medication misuse symptoms and misuse risk factors...
August 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475593/association-between-social-support-and-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-among-chinese-patients-with-ovarian-cancer-a-multiple-mediation-model
#11
Chunli Liu, Yi Zhang, Hong Jiang, Hui Wu
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms can develop after person experiences one or more traumatic events. Little research, however, has been done on PTSD symptoms of patients with ovarian cancer. The present study aimed to estimate the prevalence of PTSD symptoms in patients with ovarian cancer in China; the effects of demographic and clinical variables on PTSD symptoms; multiple mediation roles in the association between social support and PTSD symptoms in patients with ovarian cancer in China. We collected demographic and clinical information of patients with ovarian cancer in the first and second hospitals of China Medical University between January 1, 2014 and December 31, 2015...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472536/cancer-as-a-stressful-life-event-perceptions-of-children-with-cancer-and-their-peers
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Katianne M Howard Sharp, Jennifer J Lindwall, Victoria W Willard, Alanna M Long, Karen M Martin-Elbahesh, Sean Phipps
BACKGROUND: The medical traumatic stress model is commonly applied to childhood cancer, assuming that the diagnosis of cancer is a traumatic event. However, to the authors' knowledge, little is known regarding what specifically children perceive as stressful about cancer or how it compares with other stressful events more often experienced by children. METHODS: Children with cancer (254 children) and demographically similar peers without a history of serious illness (202 children) identified their most stressful life event as part of a diagnostic interview assessing for symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)...
September 1, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421677/mindfulness-and-its-efficacy-for-psychological-and-biological-responses-in-women-with-breast-cancer
#13
Elisabeth Kenne Sarenmalm, Lena B Mårtensson, Bengt A Andersson, Per Karlsson, Ingrid Bergh
Many breast cancer survivors have to deal with a variety of psychological and physiological sequelae including impaired immune responses. The primary purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to determine the efficacy of a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) intervention for mood disorders in women with breast cancer. Secondary outcomes were symptom experience, health status, coping capacity, mindfulness, posttraumatic growth, and immune status. This RTC assigned 166 women with breast cancer to one of three groups: MBSR (8 weekly group sessions of MBSR), active controls (self-instructing MBSR) and non-MBSR...
May 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329305/association-between-spousal-suicide-and-mental-physical-and-social-health-outcomes-a-longitudinal-and-nationwide-register-based-study
#14
Annette Erlangsen, Bo Runeson, James M Bolton, Holly C Wilcox, Julie L Forman, Jesper Krogh, M Katherine Shear, Merete Nordentoft, Yeates Conwell
Importance: Bereavement after spousal suicide has been linked to mental disorders; however, a comprehensive assessment of the effect of spousal suicide is needed. Objective: To determine whether bereavement after spousal suicide was linked to an excessive risk of mental, physical, and social health outcomes when compared with the general population and spouses bereaved by other manners. Design, Setting, and Participants: This nationwide, register-based cohort study conducted in Denmark of 6...
May 1, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304267/posttraumatic-stress-disorder-symptoms-and-family-functioning-in-adult-children-facing-parental-cancer-a-comparison-study
#15
Ricardo J Teixeira, M Graça Pereira
This study analyzed posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms and family functioning in a sample of adult children caregivers of cancer patients and in a group of adult children of nonchronically ill parents. Participants completed measures of family functioning and PTSD symptoms. The parental cancer group was subdivided into PTSD subgroups, and significant differences, on family functioning, were found. In the parental cancer group, the predictors of PTSD symptoms were being a woman and having an enmeshed or chaotic family functioning...
August 1, 2016: Research and Theory for Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300764/predictors-of-posttraumatic-stress-and-posttraumatic-growth-in-childhood-cancer-survivors
#16
Veronika Koutná, Martin Jelínek, Marek Blatný, Tomáš Kepák
This longitudinal study aims to analyze predictors of posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) among gender, age, objective factors of the disease and its treatment, family environment factors and negative emotionality. The sample consisted of 97 childhood cancer survivors (50 girls and 47 boys) aged 11-25 years who were in remission 1.7 to seven years at T1 and four to 12.5 years at T2. Survivors completed a set of questionnaires including the Benefit Finding Scale for Children and the University of California at Los Angeles Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Index...
March 16, 2017: Cancers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261754/unmet-need-for-healthcare-services-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer-and-their-parent-carers
#17
Susan M Sawyer, Robyn McNeil, Maria McCarthy, Lisa Orme, Kate Thompson, Sarah Drew, David Dunt
PURPOSE: Cancer in adolescents in and young adults (AYA) has the potential to disrupt health, well-being and developmental trajectories. This study aimed to describe the healthcare support service needs of AYAs with cancer and parent carers and to explore the association of unmet need and emotional distress. METHODS: As part of a national Australian survey of 15-25 year olds with cancer and a nominated parent carer, 196 AYAs reported total and unmet need for 10 clinical services and 204 parents reported on their child's and their own healthcare service needs...
July 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28151832/the-relationships-among-symptom-distress-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-and-depression-in-patients-with-female-specific-cancers
#18
Hong-Yi Tung, Yu-Hua Lin, Chia-Chan Kao, Shu-Fen Wu
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) affect women with breast cancer. However, few studies have explored the relationships among PTSS, symptom distress, and depression in association with cancers specific to women in Taiwan. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to explore the relationships among symptom distress, PTSS, and depression in women given a diagnosis of female-specific cancers. METHODS: A cross-sectional design was used, and 220 women given a diagnosis of female-specific cancer were recruited from a general hospital in southern Taiwan...
February 2, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110640/effect-of-a-group-intervention-for-children-and-their-parents-who-have-cancer
#19
Mariko Kobayashi, Sue P Heiney, Kaori Osawa, Miwa Ozawa, Eisuke Matsushima
OBJECTIVE: Although support programs for children whose parents have cancer have been described and evaluated, formal research has not been conducted to document outcomes. We adapted a group intervention called CLIMB®, originally developed in the United States, and implemented it in Tokyo, Japan, for school-aged children and their parents with cancer. The purpose of this exploratory pilot study was to examine the feasibility, acceptability, and impact of the Japanese version of the CLIMB® Program on children's stress and parents' quality of life and psychosocial distress...
October 2017: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053919/prevalence-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-among-breast-cancer-patients-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Xin Wu, Jieru Wang, Reuben Cofie, Atipatsa C Kaminga, Aizhong Liu
BACKGROUND: Prevalence estimates of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) among breast cancer patients varied widely in existing studies. This study aimed to provide an overall prevalence estimate of PTSD among breast cancer patients, and the prevalence estimates related to specific PTSD diagnosis tools. METHODS: Systematic search of relevant articles was made from seven databases. Freeman-Tukey Double Arcsine Transformation was used to estimate the overall prevalence of PTSD...
December 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
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