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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931011/individual-versus-group-decision-making-jurors-reliance-on-central-and-peripheral-information-to-evaluate-expert-testimony
#1
Jessica M Salerno, Bette L Bottoms, Liana C Peter-Hagene
To investigate dual-process persuasion theories in the context of group decision making, we studied low and high need-for-cognition (NFC) participants within a mock trial study. Participants considered plaintiff and defense expert scientific testimony that varied in argument strength. All participants heard a cross-examination of the experts focusing on peripheral information (e.g., credentials) about the expert, but half were randomly assigned to also hear central information highlighting flaws in the expert's message (e...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930785/patients-and-clinicians-views-of-the-psychological-components-of-tinnitus-treatment-that-could-inform-audiologists-usual-care-a-delphi-survey
#2
Dean M Thompson, John Taylor, Deborah A Hall, Dawn-Marie Walker, Mary McMurran, Amanda Casey, David Stockdale, Debbie Featherstone, Derek J Hoare
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine which components of psychological therapies are most important and appropriate to inform audiologists' usual care for people with tinnitus. DESIGN: A 39-member panel of patients, audiologists, hearing therapists, and psychologists completed a three-round Delphi survey to reach consensus on essential components of audiologist-delivered psychologically informed care for tinnitus. RESULTS: Consensus (≥80% agreement) was reached on including 76 of 160 components...
September 19, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925991/a-multiscale-imaging-and-modelling-dataset-of-the-human-inner-ear
#3
Nicolas Gerber, Mauricio Reyes, Livia Barazzetti, Hans Martin Kjer, Sergio Vera, Martin Stauber, Pavel Mistrik, Mario Ceresa, Nerea Mangado, Wilhelm Wimmer, Thomas Stark, Rasmus R Paulsen, Stefan Weber, Marco Caversaccio, Miguel A González Ballester
Understanding the human inner ear anatomy and its internal structures is paramount to advance hearing implant technology. While the emergence of imaging devices allowed researchers to improve understanding of intracochlear structures, the difficulties to collect appropriate data has resulted in studies conducted with few samples. To assist the cochlear research community, a large collection of human temporal bone images is being made available. This data descriptor, therefore, describes a rich set of image volumes acquired using cone beam computed tomography and micro-CT modalities, accompanied by manual delineations of the cochlea and sub-compartments, a statistical shape model encoding its anatomical variability, and data for electrode insertion and electrical simulations...
September 19, 2017: Scientific Data
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924582/data-on-the-effect-of-conductive-hearing-loss-on-auditory-and-visual-cortex-activity-revealed-by-intrinsic-signal-imaging
#4
Manuel Teichert, Jürgen Bolz
This data article provides additional data related to the research article entitled "Simultaneous intrinsic signal imaging of auditory and visual cortex reveals profound effects of acute hearing loss on visual processing" (Teichert and Bolz, 2017) [1]. The primary auditory and visual cortex (A1 and V1) of adult male C57BL/6J mice (P120-P240) were mapped simultaneously using intrinsic signal imaging (Kalatsky and Stryker, 2003) [2]. A1 and V1 activity evoked by combined auditory and visual stimulation were measured before and after conductive hearing loss (CHL) induced by bilateral malleus removal...
October 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922984/cortical-auditory-evoked-potential-caep-and-behavioural-measures-of-auditory-function-in-a-child-with-a-single-sided-deafness
#5
Oscar M Cañete, Suzanne C Purdy, Michel Neeff, Colin R S Brown, Peter R Thorne
OBJECTIVES: To study the changes in behavioural and cortical responses over time in a child with single-sided deafness fitted with a cochlear implant (CI). METHODS: Cortical auditory evoked potentials (CAEPs) in noise (+5 dB signal-to-noise ratio) were recorded and auditory skills were assessed using tests of sound localization, spatial speech perception in noise, and self-ratings of auditory abilities (Listening inventory for education, LIFE and Speech, spatial and qualities of hearing questionnaire, SSQ parental version)...
September 19, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922047/long-term-average-speech-spectra-of-turkish
#6
Mustafa Yüksel, Bülent Gündüz
Long-term average speech spectra (LTASS) are a voice analysis method that is recommended to be used in various areas, such as hearing aid fittings, automatic speaker recognition and voice disorders. Evaluations of LTASS in different languages have been published; however, this analysis has not been conducted for the Turkish. Therefore, the first aim of this study was to conduct this analysis, generate normative values and compare the obtained LTASS curve for the Turkish with those obtained for other languages reported in the literature...
September 18, 2017: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913841/diversion-at-re-entry-using-criminogenic-cbt-review-and-prototypical-program-development
#7
Kirk Heilbrun, Victoria Pietruszka, Alice Thornewill, Sarah Phillips, Rebecca Schiedel
Society and the criminal justice system prioritize the reduction of reoffending risk as part of any criminal justice intervention. The Sequential Intercept Model identifies five points of interception at which justice-involved individuals can be diverted into a more rehabilitative alternative: (1) law enforcement/emergency services; (2) booking/initial court hearings; (3) jails/courts; (4) re-entry; and (5) community corrections/community support. The present article focuses on diversion as part of Intercept 5 - re-entry planning and specialized services in the community...
September 14, 2017: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912959/research-protocol-for-a-complex-intervention-to-support-hearing-and-vision-function-to-improve-the-lives-of-people-with-dementia
#8
Iracema Leroi, Annie Pye, Christopher J Armitage, Anna Pavlina Charalambous, Fofi Constantinidou, Catherine Helmer, Ines Himmelsbach, Sarah Marié, Jahanara Miah, Suzanne Parsons, Jemma Regan, Chryssoula Thodi, Lucas Wolski, Abebaw Mengistu Yohannes, Piers Dawes
BACKGROUND: Hearing and vision impairments are among the most common and disabling comorbidities in people living with dementia. Intervening to improve sensory function could be a means by which the lives of people living with dementia may be improved. However, very few studies have tried to ameliorate outcomes in dementia by improving sensory function. This paper describes the multi-step development of a new intervention designed to support hearing and vision function in people living with dementia in their own homes...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906245/potential-audiological-and-mri-markers-of-tinnitus
#9
Kamakshi V Gopal, Binu P Thomas, Rajesh Nandy, Deng Mao, Hanzhang Lu
BACKGROUND: Subjective tinnitus, or ringing sensation in the ear, is a common disorder with no accepted objective diagnostic markers. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify possible objective markers of tinnitus by combining audiological and imaging-based techniques. RESEARCH DESIGN: Case-control studies. STUDY SAMPLE: Twenty adults drawn from our audiology clinic served as participants. The tinnitus group consisted of ten participants with chronic bilateral constant tinnitus, and the control group consisted of ten participants with no history of tinnitus...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906244/hearing-aid-use-and-mild-hearing-impairment-learnings-from-big-data
#10
Barbra H B Timmer, Louise Hickson, Stefan Launer
BACKGROUND: Previous research, mostly reliant on self-reports, has indicated that hearing aid (HA) use is related to the degree of hearing impairment (HI). No large-scale investigation of the relationship between data-logged HA use and HI has been conducted to date. PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate if objective measures of overall daily HA use and HA use in various listening environments are different for adults with mild HI compared to adults with moderate HI...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906243/pediatric-hearing-aid-management-challenges-among-hispanic-families
#11
Ana Caballero, Karen Muñoz, Karl White, Lauri Nelson, Melanie Domenech-Rodriguez, Michael Twohig
BACKGROUND: Hearing aid fitting in infancy has become more common in the United States as a result of earlier identification of hearing loss. Consistency of hearing aid use is an area of concern for young children, as well as other hearing aid management challenges parents encounter that may contribute to less-than-optimal speech and language outcomes. Research that describes parent hearing aid management experiences of Spanish-speaking Hispanic families, or the extent of their needs, is not available...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906242/safe-use-of-acoustic-vestibular-evoked-myogenic-potential-stimuli-protocol-and-patient-specific-considerations
#12
Cory D F Portnuff, Samantha Kleindienst, Jamie M Bogle
BACKGROUND: Vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs) are commonly used clinical assessments for patients with complaints of dizziness. However, relatively high air-conducted stimuli are required to elicit the VEMP, and ultimately may compromise safe noise exposure limits. Recently, research has reported the potential for noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) from VEMP stimulus exposure through studies of reduced otoacoustic emission levels after VEMP testing, as well as a recent case study showing permanent sensorineural hearing loss associated with VEMP exposure...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906239/auditory-processing-testing-in-the-booth-versus-outside-the-booth
#13
Jay R Lucker
BACKGROUND: Many audiologists believe that auditory processing testing must be carried out in a soundproof booth. This expectation is especially a problem in places such as elementary schools. Research comparing pure-tone thresholds obtained in sound booths compared to quiet test environments outside of these booths does not support that belief. Auditory processing testing is generally carried out at above threshold levels, and therefore may be even less likely to require a soundproof booth...
September 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904749/do-you-hear-what-i-see-vocalization-relative-to-visual-detection-rates-of-hawaiian-hoary-bats-lasiurus-cinereus-semotus
#14
Paulo Marcos Gorresen, Paul M Cryan, Kristina Montoya-Aiona, Frank J Bonaccorso
Bats vocalize during flight as part of the sensory modality called echolocation, but very little is known about whether flying bats consistently call. Occasional vocal silence during flight when bats approach prey or conspecifics has been documented for relatively few species and situations. Bats flying alone in clutter-free airspace are not known to forgo vocalization, yet prior observations suggested possible silent behavior in certain, unexpected situations. Determining when, why, and where silent behavior occurs in bats will help evaluate major assumptions of a primary monitoring method for bats used in ecological research, management, and conservation...
September 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899890/what-is-the-impact-of-research-champions-on-integrating-research-in-mental-health-clinical-practice-a-quasiexperimental-study-in-south-london-uk
#15
Sherifat Oduola, Til Wykes, Dan Robotham, Tom K J Craig
OBJECTIVES: Key challenges for mental health healthcare professionals to implement research alongside clinical activity have been highlighted, such as insufficient time to apply research skills and lack of support and resources. We examined the impact of employing dedicated staff to promote research in community mental health clinical settings. DESIGN: Quasiexperiment before and after study. SETTING: South London and Maudsley National Health Service Foundation Trust...
September 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898410/the-client-s-perspective-on-experiences-of-psychotherapy-a-practice-friendly-review
#16
Ladislav Timulak, Daragh Keogh
Recent decades have seen a significant increase in the number of studies exploring client perspectives on, and experiences of, psychotherapy. The present article provides a practice friendly overview of this research, identifying common domains of inquiry, and providing examples of findings relevant to practitioners. Research in this area can be categorized in terms of the client's perspective pertaining to theoretical constructs, studies of client satisfaction, and qualitative studies that are either open-ended or explore specific aspects of client experiences...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895459/hearing-loss-following-posterior-fossa-microvascular-decompression-a-systematic-review
#17
Matthew Bartindale, Matthew Kircher, William Adams, Neelam Balasubramanian, Jeffrey Liles, Jason Bell, John Leonetti
Objectives (1) Determine the prevalence of hearing loss following microvascular decompression (MVD) for trigeminal neuralgia (TN) and hemifacial spasm (HFS). (2) Demonstrate factors that affect postoperative hearing outcomes after MVD. Data Sources PubMed-NCBI, Scopus, CINAHL, and PsycINFO databases from 1981 to 2016. Review Methods Systematic review of prospective cohort studies and retrospective reviews in which any type of hearing loss was recorded after MVD for TN or HFS. Three researchers extracted data regarding operative indications, procedures performed, and diagnostic tests employed...
September 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894831/assessment-and-improvement-of-sound-quality-in-cochlear-implant-users
#18
REVIEW
Meredith T Caldwell, Nicole T Jiam, Charles J Limb
OBJECTIVES: Cochlear implants (CIs) have successfully provided speech perception to individuals with sensorineural hearing loss. Recent research has focused on more challenging acoustic stimuli such as music and voice emotion. The purpose of this review is to evaluate and describe sound quality in CI users with the purposes of summarizing novel findings and crucial information about how CI users experience complex sounds. DATA SOURCES: Here we review the existing literature on PubMed and Scopus to present what is known about perceptual sound quality in CI users, discuss existing measures of sound quality, explore how sound quality may be effectively studied, and examine potential strategies of improving sound quality in the CI population...
June 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892946/indian-perspectives-on-graft-materials-used-for-repair-of-tympanic-membrane
#19
REVIEW
Manu Malhotra, Saurabh Varshney, Rashmi Malhotra, Poonam Joshi
INTRODUCTION: Repair of Tympanic Membrane (TM) is one of the most common surgeries performed by the otologists. Literature reveals that Indian surgeons have contributed substantially in the research on techniques and graft materials used for the repair of tympanic membrane, though no review has been written so far highlighting their contributions. AIM: To summarize and analyse the contributions of Indian authors who have used different graft materials for repair of TM and their studies listed in Medline search...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892281/transgenerational-and-developmental-plasticity-at-the-molecular-level-lessons-from-daphnia
#20
Alison M Bell, Laura R Stein
Listen to the news and you are bound to hear that researchers are increasingly interested in the biological manifestations of trauma that reverberate through the generations. Research in this area can be controversial in the public realm, provoking societal issues about personal responsibility (are we really born free or are we born with the burden of our ancestors' experience?). It is also a touchy subject within evolutionary biology because it provokes concerns about Lamarckianism and general scepticism about the importance of extra-genetic inheritance (Laland et al...
September 11, 2017: Molecular Ecology
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