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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724130/early-postimplant-speech-perception-and-language-skills-predict-long-term-language-and-neurocognitive-outcomes-following-pediatric-cochlear-implantation
#1
Cynthia R Hunter, William G Kronenberger, Irina Castellanos, David B Pisoni
Purpose: We sought to determine whether speech perception and language skills measured early after cochlear implantation in children who are deaf, and early postimplant growth in speech perception and language skills, predict long-term speech perception, language, and neurocognitive outcomes. Method: Thirty-six long-term users of cochlear implants, implanted at an average age of 3.4 years, completed measures of speech perception, language, and executive functioning an average of 14...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723686/population-based-study-on-the-epidemiology-of-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease
#2
Saskia G Bruderer, Daniel Bodmer, Nadja A Stohler, Susan S Jick, Christoph R Meier
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Ménière's disease (MD) is a disorder of the inner ear typically showing recurrent acute episodes of vertigo, hearing loss, and tinnitus. Epidemiologic studies on MD are scarce. We assessed the incidence rates (IRs) of MD and describe the characteristics of MD cases, comparing them to control patients without recorded evidence of MD. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a retrospective population-based follow-up study and a nested case-control analysis using data from the UK-based Clinical Practice Research Datalink...
July 20, 2017: Audiology & Neuro-otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722646/noncongruence-between-audiologist-and-patient-preferences-for-patient-centeredness
#3
Vinaya Manchaiah, Ashley L Dockens, Monica Bellon-Harn, Erin S Burns
BACKGROUND: Trends in preferences of both healthcare providers and patients to patient-centeredness have been emphasized in research. However, an understanding of the nature of preferences to patient-centeredness within the context of the audiologist-patient relationship is needed. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to explore the congruence between audiologist and patient preferences for patient-centeredness. RESEARCH DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey design was used to gather data from audiologists and patients with hearing loss...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722645/verification-of-a-proposed-clinical-electroacoustic-test-protocol-for-personal-digital-modulation-receivers-coupled-to-cochlear-implant-sound-processors
#4
Erika L Nair, Rhonda Sousa, Shannon Wannagot
BACKGROUND: Guidelines established by the AAA currently recommend behavioral testing when fitting frequency modulated (FM) systems to individuals with cochlear implants (CIs). A protocol for completing electroacoustic measures has not yet been validated for personal FM systems or digital modulation (DM) systems coupled to CI sound processors. In response, some professionals have used or altered the AAA electroacoustic verification steps for fitting FM systems to hearing aids when fitting FM systems to CI sound processors...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722643/aural-rehabilitation-for-older-adults-with-hearing-loss-impacts-on-quality-of-life-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#5
Helen N Michaud, Louise Duchesne
BACKGROUND: Few systematic reviews have been conducted regarding aural rehabilitation for adults with hearing loss, with none specifically targeting the older adult population. With prevalence rates of hearing loss being highest in older adults, examining the effects of aural rehabilitation on this population is warranted. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of aural rehabilitation on quality of life in an older adult population presenting with hearing loss. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Studies with adults presenting with hearing loss, ≥50 yr of age, with or without hearing aids, receiving interventions such as auditory training, speech-reading, communication strategies training, speech tracking, counseling, or a combination of approaches, and measuring outcomes related to quality of life, in an individual or group format, with or without significant others and with no limitations as to year of publication...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721199/evidence-informed-capacity-building-for-setting-health-priorities-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-framework-and-recommendations-for-further-research
#6
Ryan Li, Francis Ruiz, Anthony J Culyer, Kalipso Chalkidou, Karen J Hofman
Priority-setting in health is risky and challenging, particularly in resource-constrained settings. It is not simply a narrow technical exercise, and involves the mobilisation of a wide range of capacities among stakeholders - not only the technical capacity to "do" research in economic evaluations. Using the Individuals, Nodes, Networks and Environment (INNE) framework, we identify those stakeholders, whose capacity needs will vary along the evidence-to-policy continuum. Policymakers and healthcare managers require the capacity to commission and use relevant evidence (including evidence of clinical and cost-effectiveness, and of social values); academics need to understand and respond to decision-makers' needs to produce relevant research...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719394/cochlear-implantation-in-children-under-12-months-of-age
#7
Samantha McKinney
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Children with congenital hearing loss are being identified earlier, leading to earlier intervention. Current US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) criteria states a child must be 12 months or older for cochlear implantation. The purpose of this article is to review recent publications regarding the benefits of implanting infants under 12 months of age. Topics include: safety and efficacy of surgery, speech and language acquisition outcomes, audiologic components, and limitations...
July 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718710/compressed-air-noise-reductions-from-using-advanced-air-gun-nozzles-in-research-and-development-environments
#8
Kurt Prieve, Amanda Rice, Peter C Raynor
The aims of this study were to evaluate sound levels produced by compressed air guns in research and development (R&D) environments, replace conventional air gun models with advanced noise-reducing air nozzles, and measure changes in sound levels to assess the effectiveness of the advanced nozzles as engineering controls for noise. Ten different R&D manufacturing areas that used compressed air guns were identified and included in the study. A-weighted sound level and Z-weighted octave band measurements were taken simultaneously using a single instrument...
August 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716503/effectiveness-of-otolith-repositioning-maneuvers-and-vestibular-rehabilitation-exercises-in-elderly-people-with-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-a-systematic-review
#9
Karyna Figueiredo Ribeiro, Bruna S Oliveira, Raysa V Freitas, Lidiane M Ferreira, Nandini Deshpande, Ricardo O Guerra
INTRODUCTION: Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo (BPPV) is highly prevalent in elderly people. This condition is related to vertigo, hearing loss, tinnitus, poor balance, gait disturbance, and an increase in risk of falls, leading to postural changes and quality of life decreasing. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes obtained by clinical trials on the effectiveness of Otolith Repositioning Maneuver (ORM) and Vestibular Rehabilitation (VR) exercises in the treatment of BPPV in elderly...
June 29, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716312/ethical-considerations-in-noise-induced-hearing-loss-research
#10
Stéphane F Maison, Steven D Rauch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 14, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715930/transcription-analysis-of-cochlear-development-in-minipigs
#11
Qinghua Wang, Yan Zhang, Weiwei Guo, Yu Liu, Hong Wei, Shiming Yang
CONCLUSIONS: The critical stage for cochlear gene regulation in the embryo is E49-E56. These data provide a valuable resource to help elucidate gene regulation in cochlear development and will benefit ear-related studies, especially those that focus on gene and stem cell therapies in hearing loss. OBJECTIVES: To investigate gene regulation in cochlear development and provide reference information for ear-related research. METHODS: Total RNA extraction from the Bama miniature pig cochlea was performed at five time points that covered most of the cochlea development process (E42, E49, E56, E91, P13)...
July 18, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714100/why-is-it-so-hard-to-reach-agreement-on-terminology-the-case-of-developmental-language-disorder-dld
#12
Dorothy V M Bishop
A recent project entitled CATALISE used the Delphi method to reach a consensus on terminology for unexplained language problems in children. 'Developmental language disorder' (DLD) was the term agreed by a panel of 57 experts. Here I reflect on points of difficulty that arose when attempting to reach a consensus, using qualitative information from comments made by panel members to illustrate the kinds of argument used. One issue of debate was the use of labels, in particular the term 'disorder', which was seen as having both pros and cons...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713292/cognitive-attachment-model-of-voices-evidence-base-and-future-implications
#13
Katherine Berry, Filippo Varese, Sandra Bucci
There is a robust association between hearing voices and exposure to traumatic events. Identifying mediating mechanisms for this relationship is key to theories of voice hearing and the development of therapies for distressing voices. This paper outlines the Cognitive Attachment model of Voices (CAV), a theoretical model to understand the relationship between earlier interpersonal trauma and distressing voice hearing. The model builds on attachment theory and well-established cognitive models of voices and argues that attachment and dissociative processes are key psychological mechanisms that explain how trauma influences voice hearing...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708444/counselling-users-of-hearing-technology-a-comprehensive-literature-review
#14
Alex Meibos, Karen Muñoz, Jared Schultz, Tanner Price, John J Whicker, Ana Caballero, Laurel Graham
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to determine the scope of peer-reviewed empirical research related to counselling in audiology with patients using hearing technology and to identify limitations and gaps to guide recommendations for future research. DESIGN: A rapid evidence assessment was used to identify relevant articles for the review. STUDY SAMPLE: Eighteen articles met the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: Three themes were identified: (1) audiologist counselling perspectives, (2) counselling communication trends in practice and (3) audiologist experiences with professional training and reported patient outcomes...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708437/are-hearing-aid-owners-able-to-identify-and-self-report-handling-difficulties-a-pilot-study
#15
Rebecca J Bennett, Carly Meyer, Michelle Olaithe, Dunay Schmulian, Robert H Eikelboom
OBJECTIVE: Although clinician administered surveys evaluating hearing aid handling skills exist, the development of a self-administered version may reduce clinical load, save consultation time, and facilitate more frequent use than face-to-face consultations allow. However, there is currently no evidence to support whether hearing aid owners can accurately self-report hearing aid handling skills via self-report survey that systematically evaluates the ability to accurately perform the individual aspects of hearing aid handling required for effective hearing aid management...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703883/associations-between-cardiovascular-disease-and-its-risk-factors-with-hearing-loss-a-cross-sectional-analysis
#16
Hsern Ern Ivan Tan, Nick Si Rui Lan, Matthew William Knuiman, Mark Laurence Divitini, De Wet Swanepoel, Michael Hunter, Christopher Gerard Brennan-Jones, Joseph Hung, Robert Henry Eikelboom, Peter Luke Santa Maria
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between hearing loss and cardiovascular disease risk factors. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: Participants were recruited between May 2010 and December 2015 and answered a health and risk factor questionnaire. Physical and biochemical assessments were performed. SETTING: A community based population. PARTICIPANTS: 5,107 participants born within the years 1946-1964 enrolled in the Busselton Healthy Ageing Study...
July 13, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701967/a-novel-integrating-virtual-reality-approach-for-the-assessment-of-the-attachment-behavioral-system
#17
Irene Alice Chicchi Giglioli, Gabriella Pravettoni, Dolores Lucia Sutil Martín, Elena Parra, Mariano A Raya
Virtual reality (VR) technology represents a novel and powerful tool for behavioral research in psychological assessment. VR provides simulated experiences able to create the sensation of undergoing real situations. Users become active participants in the virtual environment seeing, hearing, feeling, and actuating as if they were in the real world. Currently, the most psychological VR applications concern the treatment of various mental disorders but not the assessment, that it is mainly based on paper and pencil tests...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701413/a-directly-comparative-two-gate-case-control-diagnostic-accuracy-study-of-the-pure-tone-screen-and-hearcheck-screener-tests-for-identifying-hearing-impairment-in-school-children
#18
Obioha C Ukoumunne, Chris Hyde, Mara Ozolins, Zhivko Zhelev, Sam Errington, Rod S Taylor, Claire Benton, Joanne Moody, Laura Cocking, Julian Watson, Heather Fortnum
OBJECTIVES: This study directly compared the accuracy of two audiometry-based tests for screening school children for hearing impairment: the currently used test, pure tone screen and a device newly applied to children, HearCheck Screener. DESIGN: Two-gate case-control diagnostic test accuracy study. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Hearing impaired children ('intended cases') aged 4-6 years were recruited between February 2013 and August 2014 from collaborating audiology services...
July 11, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700448/linguistic-context-versus-semantic-competition-in-word-recognition-by-younger-and-older-adults-with-cochlear-implants
#19
Nicole M Amichetti, Eriko Atagi, Ying-Yee Kong, Arthur Wingfield
OBJECTIVES: The increasing numbers of older adults now receiving cochlear implants raises the question of how the novel signal produced by cochlear implants may interact with cognitive aging in the recognition of words heard spoken within a linguistic context. The objective of this study was to pit the facilitative effects of a constraining linguistic context against a potential age-sensitive negative effect of response competition on effectiveness of word recognition. DESIGN: Younger (n = 8; mean age = 22...
July 11, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700447/impact-of-hearing-aid-technology-on-outcomes-in-daily-life-iii-localization
#20
Jani A Johnson, Jingjing Xu, Robyn M Cox
OBJECTIVE: Compared to basic-feature hearing aids, premium-feature hearing aids have more advanced technologies and sophisticated features. The objective of this study was to explore the difference between premium-feature and basic-feature hearing aids in horizontal sound localization in both laboratory and daily life environments. We hypothesized that premium-feature hearing aids would yield better localization performance than basic-feature hearing aids. DESIGN: Exemplars of premium-feature and basic-feature hearing aids from two major manufacturers were evaluated...
July 11, 2017: Ear and Hearing
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