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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767759/comparing-auditory-only-and-audiovisual-word-learning-for-children-with-hearing-loss
#1
Jena McDaniel, Stephen Camarata, Paul Yoder
Although reducing visual input to emphasize auditory cues is a common practice in pediatric auditory (re)habilitation, the extant literature offers minimal empirical evidence for whether unisensory auditory-only (AO) or multisensory audiovisual (AV) input is more beneficial to children with hearing loss for developing spoken language skills. Using an adapted alternating treatments single case research design, we evaluated the effectiveness and efficiency of a receptive word learning intervention with and without access to visual speechreading cues...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767737/recent-issues-in-the-use-of-signed-language-assessments-for-diagnosis-of-language-disorders-in-signing-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-children
#2
Jon Henner, Rama Novogrodsky, Jeanne Reis, Robert Hoffmeister
In recent years, normed signed language assessments have become a useful tool for researchers, practitioners, and advocates. Nevertheless, there are limitations in their application, particularly for the diagnosis of language disorders, and learning disabilities. Here, we discuss some of the available normed, signed language assessments and some of their limitations. We have also provided information related to practices that should lead to improvement in the quality of signed language assessments.
May 15, 2018: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761951/-research-on-cortical-cross-modal-reorganization-of-children-with-congenital-severe-deafness-after-cochlear-implant
#3
Xianjun Wang, Maojin Liang, Junpeng Zhang, Hua Huang, Yiqing Zheng
Cochlear implant (CI) is the only method for efficacious treatment of congenital severe deafness at present. However, for children with congenital severe deafness after CI, the mechanism of the structural and functional changes of their cerebral cortex is not clear. This study was based on the cross-modal reorganization of deaf patients. Event related potential (ERP) and source localization technique were used to visualize the change of cortical activity in children with congenital severe deafness during 1-year period (0, 1, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months after CI)...
October 1, 2017: Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue za Zhi, Journal of Biomedical Engineering, Shengwu Yixue Gongchengxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761349/intracochlear-administration-of-steroids-with-a-catheter-during-human-cochlear-implantation-a-safety-and-feasibility-study
#4
Nils K Prenzler, Rolf Salcher, Max Timm, Lutz Gaertner, Thomas Lenarz, Athanasia Warnecke
Suppression of foreign body reaction, improvement of electrode-nerve interaction, and preservation of residual hearing are essential research topics in cochlear implantation. Intracochlear pharmaco- or cell-based therapies can open new horizons in this field. Local drug delivery strategies are desirable as higher local concentrations of agents can be realized and side effects can be minimized compared to systemic administrations. When administered locally at accessible, basal parts of the cochlea, drugs reach apical regions later and in much lower concentrations due to poor diffusion patterns in cochlear fluids...
May 14, 2018: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759684/how-aging-impacts-the-encoding-of-binaural-cues-and-the-perception-of-auditory-space
#5
REVIEW
Ann Clock Eddins, Erol J Ozmeral, David A Eddins
Over the years, the effect of aging on auditory function has been investigated in animal models and humans in an effort to characterize age-related changes in both perception and physiology. Here, we review how aging may impact neural encoding and processing of binaural and spatial cues in human listeners with a focus on recent work by the authors as well as others. Age-related declines in monaural temporal processing, as estimated from measures of gap detection and temporal fine structure discrimination, have been associated with poorer performance on binaural tasks that require precise temporal processing...
May 5, 2018: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759090/perceived-discrimination-and-emotional-reactions-in-people-with-different-types-of-disabilities-a-qualitative-approach
#6
Daniel Pérez-Garín, Patricia Recio, Alejandro Magallares, Fernando Molero, Cristina García-Ael
The purpose of this study is to assess the discourse of people with disabilities regarding their perception of discrimination and stigma. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with ten adults with physical disabilities, ten with hearing impairments and seven with visual impairments. The agreement between the coders showed an excellent reliability for all three groups, with kappa coefficients between .82 and .96. Differences were assessed between the three groups regarding the types of discrimination they experienced and their most frequent emotional responses...
May 15, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757801/effects-of-additional-low-pass-filtered-speech-on-listening-effort-for-noise-band-vocoded-speech-in-quiet-and-in-noise
#7
Carina Pals, Anastasios Sarampalis, Mart van Dijk, Deniz Başkent
OBJECTIVES: Residual acoustic hearing in electric-acoustic stimulation (EAS) can benefit cochlear implant (CI) users in increased sound quality, speech intelligibility, and improved tolerance to noise. The goal of this study was to investigate whether the low-pass-filtered acoustic speech in simulated EAS can provide the additional benefit of reducing listening effort for the spectrotemporally degraded signal of noise-band-vocoded speech. DESIGN: Listening effort was investigated using a dual-task paradigm as a behavioral measure, and the NASA Task Load indeX as a subjective self-report measure...
May 11, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750677/ce-original-research-understanding-the-hospital-experience-of-older-adults-with-hearing-impairment
#8
Amy Funk, Christina Garcia, Tiara Mullen
Findings from a qualitative study. ABSTRACT: Background: Older hospitalized adults with hearing impairment are vulnerable to adverse outcomes. These patients are at risk for being labeled confused, experiencing a loss of control, experiencing heightened fear and anxiety, and misunderstanding the plan of care. OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study sought to assess the hospital experience of older adults with hearing impairment in order to formulate suggestions for improving nursing care...
May 11, 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749039/repair-the-interface-between-interaction-and-cognition
#9
Saul Albert, J P de Ruiter
Conversational repair is the process people use to detect and resolve problems of speaking, hearing, and understanding. Through repair, participants in social interaction display how they establish and maintain communication and mutual understanding. We argue that repair provides a crucial theoretical interface for research between diverse approaches to studying human interaction. We provide an overview of conversation analytic findings about repair in order to encourage further cross-disciplinary research involving both detailed inductive inquiry and more theory-driven experimental approaches...
April 2018: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742543/psychometric-properties-and-factor-structure-of-a-new-scale-to-measure-hyperacusis-introducing-the-inventory-of-hyperacusis-symptoms
#10
Benjamin Greenberg, Megan Carlos
OBJECTIVES: Despite increasing interest in hyperacusis and other disorders of auditory sensitivity, there is still a lack of valid, standardized assessment tools to measure symptom severity, treatment outcomes, and diagnostic differentiation. Accordingly, this study sought to create a new scale that is reliable, valid, brief, and easy to score with the purpose of filling this gap. DESIGN: Original items were constructed through review of currently existing models of hyperacusis measurement, as well as qualitative data collected from professional audiologists and individuals reporting heightened audiological sensitivity with tinnitus...
May 8, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742542/dynamic-current-focusing-a-novel-approach-to-loudness-coding-in-cochlear-implants
#11
Monique A M de Jong, Jeroen J Briaire, Johan H M Frijns
OBJECTIVES: In an attempt to improve spectral resolution and speech intelligibility, several current focusing methods have been proposed to increase spatial selectivity by decreasing intracochlear current spread. For example, tripolar stimulation administers current to a central electrode and uses the two flanking electrodes as the return pathway, creating a narrower intracochlear electrical field and hence increases spectral resolution when compared with monopolar (MP) stimulation. However, more current is required, and in some patients, specifically the ones with high electrode impedances, full loudness growth cannot be supported because of compliance limits...
May 8, 2018: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740652/novel-ss-31-modified-liposomes-for-improved-protective-efficacy-of-minocycline-against-drug-induced-hearing-loss
#12
Shanshan Hou, Yang Yang, Shuang Zhou, Xiao Kuang, YinXian Yang, Hailing Gao, Zhenjie Wang, Hongzhuo Liu
Hearing loss, which is regarded as a worldwide public health concern, lacks approved therapeutic strategies. Current drug candidates used to treat hearing loss commonly have low efficacy. To achieve the optimum drug efficacy, we designed a liposome system to preload a clinically approved, water-soluble drug, minocycline. Inspired by our previous research, we used a mitochondria-targeting tetrapeptide, SS-31, to modify the surface of liposomes. The results revealed that SS-31 modified, minocycline-loaded liposomes significantly increased hair cell survival against chronic exposure to gentamicin in a zebrafish model...
May 9, 2018: Biomaterials Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735277/age-related-hearing-loss-innovations-in-hearing-augmentation
#13
REVIEW
Yona Vaisbuch, Peter Luke Santa Maria
Age-related hearing loss is a multifactorial condition that affects more than one-third of the aging population. Left untreated it can increase the risk of cognitive decline, dementia, social isolation, depression, and falls. Hearing augmentation devices exhibit improved digital sound processing and Smartphone connectivity. Stigma remains one of the prominent barriers and todays devices offer in the canal models, miniature sizes, and camouflage with the hair or skin color. Although rigorous scientific efforts are made in the research field of inner ear regeneration and some clinical early phase studies do exist, to date, the clinical availability is still some time away...
May 4, 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734179/the-effectiveness-of-parental-questionnaires-in-the-assessment-of-speech-language-and-auditory-function-in-children
#14
Renee Fabus, Abbey L Berg, Yula C Serpanos, Mary Jo Cooley Hidecker
OBJECTIVE: This study investigates the use of a parental questionnaire to determine its effectiveness as a screening tool in identifying speech-language and/or auditory impairments in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Parents completed speech-language (n = 36) or audiology (n = 23) questionnaires prior to their child's speech-language and/or auditory evaluations. The speech-language and audiology evaluations were conducted by clinicians at three different universities not familiar with the administration and scoring of the parental questionnaires...
May 7, 2018: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733894/cochlear-hair-cell-regeneration-an-emerging-opportunity-to-cure-noise-induced-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#15
REVIEW
Ibrahima Youm, Wei Li
In mammals, cochlear hair cells have a pivotal role in transducing mechanical energy into electrical signals. Cochlear hair cells are sensitive to acoustic trauma, drug insults, aging, and environmental or genetic influences that can cause permanent hearing loss. Currently, much research is focusing on noise-induced sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). Noise-induced SNHL is primarily caused by damage to hair cells of the cochlear sensory epithelium. Here, we summarize progress in restoring the sensory epithelium after SNHL resulting from noise exposure...
May 4, 2018: Drug Discovery Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731472/the-impact-of-language-input-on-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-preschool-children-who-use-listening-and-spoken-language
#16
Ronda Rufsvold, Ye Wang, Maria C Hartman, Sonia B Arora, Elaine R Smolen
The researchers investigated the effects of adult language input on the quantity of language, vocabulary development, and understanding of basic concepts of deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) children who used listening and spoken language. Using audio recording and Language ENvironment Analysis (LENA) software, the study involved 30 preschool DHH children who used spoken language as their communication modality and 11 typically hearing same-age peers. The children's language and the language spoken to them during all waking hours over a 2-day period (16 hours per day) were recorded and analyzed quantitatively and were compared to the children's performance on the Boehm Test of Basic Concepts and the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test...
2018: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731471/hearing-managers-of-deaf-workers-a-phenomenological-investigation-in-the-restaurant-industry
#17
Hayley Stokar, John Orwat
The study examined the experiences of hearing managers of Deaf restaurant employees regarding accommodation and social integration. Deaf workers who use American Sign Language have different social and accommodation needs than hearing coworkers, but most hearing managers are unfamiliar with these needs. Using stigma theory to frame issues of workplace accommodation and social integration, the researchers collected data through site observation and in-depth semistructured interviews with 6 hearing managers of high-volume restaurants and 6 Deaf employees...
2018: American Annals of the Deaf
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728466/first-person-julia-abitbol
#18
(no author information available yet)
First Person is a series of interviews with the first authors of a selection of papers published in Journal of Cell Science, helping early-career researchers promote themselves alongside their papers. Julia Abitbol is the first author on 'Mice harbouring an oculodentodigital dysplasia-linked Cx43 G60S mutation have severe hearing loss', published in Journal of Cell Science. Julia is a PhD student in the lab of Dale Laird at the University of Western Ontario, Canada, investigating the mechanisms of connexin-induced hearing loss...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726933/genetic-landscape-of-auditory-dysfunction
#19
Michael R Bowl, S D M Brown
Over the past 25 years, human and mouse genetics research together has identified several hundred genes essential for mammalian hearing, leading to a greater understanding of the molecular mechanisms underlying auditory function. However, from the number of still as yet uncloned human deafness loci and the findings of large-scale mouse mutant screens, it is clear we are still far from identifying all of the genes critical for auditory function. In particular, while we have made great progress in understanding the genetic bases of congenital and early-onset hearing loss, we have only just begun to elaborate upon the genetic landscape of age-related hearing loss...
May 2, 2018: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723243/it-s-the-deceiver-not-the-receiver-no-individual-differences-when-detecting-deception-in-a-foreign-and-a-native-language
#20
Marvin K H Law, Simon A Jackson, Eugene Aidman, Mattis Geiger, Sally Olderbak, Sabina Kleitman
Individual differences in lie detection remain poorly understood. Bond and DePaulo's meta-analysis examined judges (receivers) who were ascertaining lies from truths and senders (deceiver) who told these lies and truths. Bond and DePaulo found that the accuracy of detecting deception depended more on the characteristics of senders rather than the judges' ability to detect lies/truths. However, for many studies in this meta-analysis, judges could hear and understand senders. This made language comprehension a potential confound...
2018: PloS One
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