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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160511/the-importance-of-audiometric-monitoring-in-patients-with-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis
#1
Karla Anacleto de Vasconcelos, Silvana Maria Monte Coelho Frota, Antonio Ruffino-Netto, Afrânio Lineu Kritski
INTRODUCTION: A total of 771 cases of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) were reported in Brazil in 2014. Treatment of MDR-TB with aminoglycosides can produce serious side effects such as permanent and irreversible hearing loss, which occurs in 5-64% of cases, and severely compromise patient quality of life. The goal of this research was to evaluate auditory and vestibular side effects in patients treated for MDR-TB and to identify associations between these complaints and the type of aminoglycoside used...
September 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157038/applying-u-s-national-guidelines-for-ototoxicity-monitoring-in-adult-patients-perspectives-on-patient-populations-service-gaps-barriers-and-solutions
#2
Dawn Konrad-Martin, Gayla L Poling, Angela C Garinis, Candice E Ortiz, Jennifer Hopper, Keri O'Connell Bennett, Marilyn F Dille
OBJECTIVES: To promote establishment of effective ototoxicity monitoring programs (OMPs), this report reviews the U.S. national audiology guidelines in relation to "real world" OMP application. Background is provided on the mechanisms, risks and clinical presentation of hearing loss associated with major classes of ototoxic medications. DESIGN: This is a non-systematic review using PubMed, national and international agency websites, personal communications between ototoxicity experts, and results of unpublished research...
November 20, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153260/diagnostic-criteria-for-patulous-eustachian-tube-a-proposal-by-the-japan-otological-society
#3
Toshimitsu Kobayashi, Masahiro Morita, Satoshi Yoshioka, Kunihiro Mizuta, Shigeto Ohta, Toshiaki Kikuchi, Tatsuya Hayashi, Akihiro Kaneko, Nobumasa Yamaguchi, Sho Hashimoto, Hiromi Kojima, Shingo Murakami, Haruo Takahashi
Patulous Eustachian Tube (PET) is of increasing importance in otology. However, despite the abundance of diseases requiring a differential diagnosis from PET, such as superior semicircular canal dehiscence syndrome, perilymphatic fistula, acute low-tone sensorineural hearing loss, etc., there are currently no established diagnostic criteria for PET. In view of these circumstances, the Japan Otological Society (JOS) Eustachian Tube Committee proposed the diagnostic criteria for Patulous Eustachian Tube in 2012, in order to promote clinical research on PET...
November 15, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151245/hearing-impairment-caused-by-mutations-in-two-different-genes-responsible-for-nonsyndromic-and-syndromic-hearing-loss-within-a-single-family
#4
Katarzyna Niepokój, Agnieszka M Rygiel, Piotr Jurczak, Aleksandra A Kujko, Dominika Śniegórska, Justyna Sawicka, Alicja Grabarczyk, Jerzy Bal, Katarzyna Wertheim-Tysarowska
Usher syndrome is rare genetic disorder impairing two human senses, hearing and vision, with the characteristic late onset of vision loss. This syndrome is divided into three types. In all cases, the vision loss is postlingual, while loss of hearing is usually prelingual. The vestibular functions may also be disturbed in Usher type 1 and sometimes in type 3. Vestibular areflexia is helpful in making a proper diagnosis of the syndrome, but, often, the syndrome is misdiagnosed as a nonsyndromic hearing loss. Here, we present a Polish family with hearing loss, which was clinically classified as nonsyndromic...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Applied Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150851/outgroup-members-internal-criticism-promotes-intergroup-openness-the-role-of-perceived-risk
#5
Melissa McDonald, Samantha Brindley, Eran Halperin, Tamar Saguy
Research suggests that hearing an outgroup member voice internal criticism increases individuals' openness to the outgroup's perspective. We replicate and extend these findings in the context of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Israeli participants exposed to a Palestinian official voicing internal criticism reported more openness to the Palestinian narrative of the conflict, an effect that was mediated by an increase in participants' perception that Palestinians are open-minded and a subsequent increase in their hope for more positive relations between the two groups...
November 17, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147729/regulation-of-human-research-with-lsd-in-the-united-states-1949-1987
#6
REVIEW
Katherine R Bonson
Human research with hallucinogens such as lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) has been ongoing in the USA since 1949. During the 1960s, LSD was investigated for a variety of psychiatric indications, including the following: as an aid in treatment of schizophrenia; as a means of creating a "model psychosis"; as a direct antidepressant; and as an adjunct to psychotherapy. Studies with all drugs, including LSD, have always been conducted under federal regulatory controls, including the 1938 Food Drug and Cosmetic Act (FDCA; which ensured the safety of drugs) and the 1962 Kefauver-Harris Amendments to the FDCA (which described appropriate scientific methodology and ensured drug efficacy)...
November 17, 2017: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140768/public-health-burden-of-hearing-impairment-and-the-promise-of-genomics-and-environmental-research-a-case-study-in-ghana-africa
#7
Samuel Mawuli Adadey, Gordon Awandare, Goffrey Kwabla Amedofu, Ambroise Wonkam
Hearing impairment (HI) is one of the most disabling conditions of major global health burden that contributes adversely to the social and economic development of a country, if not managed properly. A proper assessment of the nationwide burden and etiology of HI is instrumental in the prevention, treatment, and management of the condition. This article sought to perform an expert review of HI in Ghana to determine the present knowledge of its burden and possible causes of the condition. A literature search was conducted in PubMed using the following keywords: "hearing loss" OR "hearing impairment" OR "deafness" AND "Ghana...
November 2017: Omics: a Journal of Integrative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140734/preeclampsia-knowledge-among-women-in-utah
#8
Jessica Wilkinson, Gene Cole
BACKGROUND: Despite the benefits of preeclampsia (PE) education in improving health outcomes, little is known about how often healthcare providers in Utah include PE in prenatal education or how much information women retain. As such, the purpose of this study was to explore PE awareness among mothers in Utah and inquire how often PE is included in prenatal education. Factors associated with PE knowledge were also investigated. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted...
November 15, 2017: Hypertension in Pregnancy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135865/electrode-impedance-fluctuations-as-a-biomarker-for-inner-ear-pathology-after-cochlear-implantation
#9
June Choi, Matthew R Payne, Luke J Campbell, Christo W Bester, Carrie Newbold, Hayden Eastwood, Stephen J O'Leary
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Cochlear implant surgery now aims to preserve residual low frequency hearing. The current research explores whether fluctuations in the electrical impedance of cochlear implant electrodes may act as a biomarker for pathological changes that lead to the delayed loss of residual hearing. STUDY DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a double-blinded randomized trial, where methylprednisolone was administered intravenously before cochlear implantation with a view to preserving residual hearing...
December 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132250/the-influence-of-pilates-exercises-on-body-balance-in-the-standing-position-of-hearing-impaired-people
#10
Jagoda Walowska, Bartosz Bolach, Eugeniusz Bolach
PURPOSE: Hearing impairment may affect the body posture maintenance. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of modified Pilates exercise program on the body posture maintenance in hearing impaired people. METHODS: Eighty students (aged 13-24) were enrolled and randomly allocated into two groups: test group (n = 41) which attended an original program based on modified Pilates exercises and control group (n = 39) which attended standard physical education classes...
November 13, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130442/outcomes-of-hearing-aid-use-by-individuals-with-unilateral-sensorineural-hearing-loss-usnhl
#11
Charles E Bishop, Elgenaid Hamadain, Jason A Galster, Mary Frances Johnson, Christopher Spankovich, Ian Windmill
BACKGROUND: Unilateral sensorineural hearing loss (USNHL) can have a negative impact on functions associated with the advantages of balanced, binaural hearing. Although single-sided deafness, which is a complete loss of audibility in one ear, has gained increased interest in the published research, there is a gap in the literature concerning hearing aid outcomes for individuals with residual, or otherwise "aidable," hearing in the affected ear. PURPOSE: To assess hearing aid outcomes for a group of individuals with USNHL with residual, aidable function...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130441/is-the-device-oriented-subjective-outcome-doso-independent-of-personality
#12
Yu-Hsiang Wu, Kelsey Dumanch, Elizabeth Stangl, Christi Miller, Kelly Tremblay, Ruth Bentler
BACKGROUND: Self-report questionnaires are a frequently used method of evaluating hearing aid outcomes. Studies have shown that personality can account for 5-20% of the variance in response to self-report measures. As a result, these influences can impact results and limit their generalizability when the purpose of the study is to examine the technological merit of hearing aids. To reduce personality influences on self-report outcome data, the Device-Oriented Subjective Outcome (DOSO) was developed...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130440/development-and-pilot-evaluation-of-a-novel-theory-based-intervention-to-encourage-help-seeking-for-adult-hearing-loss
#13
Gabrielle H Saunders, Melissa T Frederick, ShienPei C Silverman, Claus Nielsen, Ariane Laplante-Lévesque
BACKGROUND: Health behavior theories can provide an understanding of hearing health behaviors and, more importantly, can be used to develop theoretically based strategies to change these health behaviors. PURPOSE: To develop a theory-based brief intervention to increase help-seeking for adult hearing loss and to conduct a pilot study to evaluate its feasibility, effectiveness, and impact on hearing beliefs and behaviors. RESEARCH DESIGN: An intervention was designed that could be easily administered by a health-care provider who does not have expertise in audiology-such as a primary care physician, community nurse, or social worker...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130436/hearing-technology-use-and-management-in-school-age-children-reports-from-data-logs-parents-and-teachers
#14
Samantha J Gustafson, Todd A Ricketts, Anne Marie Tharpe
BACKGROUND: Consistency of hearing aid and remote microphone system use declines as school-age children with hearing loss age. One indicator of hearing aid use time is data logging, another is parent report. Recent data suggest that parents overestimate their children's hearing aid use time relative to data logging. The potential reasons for this disparity remain unclear. Because school-age children spend the majority of their day away from their parents and with their teachers, reports from teachers might serve as a valuable and additional tool for estimating hearing aid use time and management...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122415/observer-agreement-for-measurements-in-videolaryngostroboscopy
#15
Jan Wouter Brunings, Sophie Vanbelle, Annemarie Akkermans, Nienke M M Heemskerk, Bernd Kremer, Robert J Stokroos, Laura W J Baijens
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the levels of intraobserver and interobserver agreement for measurements of visuoperceptual variables in videolaryngostroboscopic examinations and compared the observers' behavior during independent versus consensus panel rating. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective study. SETTING: This study was conducted in a single-center tertiary care facility. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-four patients with dysphonia of heterogeneous etiology were included...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119612/are-you-surprised-to-hear-this-longitudinal-spectral-speech-exposure-in-older-compared-to-middle-aged-normal-hearing-adults
#16
Nathalie Giroud, Ulrike Lemke, Philip Reich, Julia Bauer, Susann Widmer, Martin Meyer
Cognitive abilities such as attention or working memory can support older adults during speech perception. However, cognitive abilities as well as speech perception decline with age, leading to the expenditure of effort during speech processing. This longitudinal study therefore investigated age-related differences in electrophysiological processes during speech discrimination, and assessed the extent of enhancement to such cognitive auditory processes through repeated auditory exposure. For that purpose, accuracy and reaction time were compared between 13 older adults (62-76y) and 15 middle-aged (28-52y) controls in an active oddball paradigm which was administered at three consecutive measurement time points at an interval of two weeks, while EEG was recorded...
November 9, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117949/trends-in-hearing-loss-among-adolescents
#17
Tyson S Barrett, Karl R White
OBJECTIVES: Our aim with this article is to evaluate whether the prevalence of hearing loss is increasing among adolescents living in the United States. METHODS: All available data about hearing loss among adolescents from the large, federally funded National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) were analyzed. By using the 4 data releases between 1994 and 2010 (a total of 6891 adolescents), the prevalence of adolescent hearing loss >15 and ≥25 dB at low frequencies (0...
November 8, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117815/health-risk-appraisals-with-aging-adults-an-integrative-review
#18
Vicki Simpson, Lindsey Pedigo
Identification of risk factors unique to the aging experience is vital to support health promotion efforts and prevent loss of independence for the increasing aging population. Health risk appraisals are tools capable of identifying a broad range of factors that affect health; however, these tools were designed for use with predominantly healthy working-age adults. The purpose of this integrative review was to describe uses and adaptations of health risk appraisals with aging adults. A total of 43 articles met inclusion criteria, identifying multiple adaptations necessary to effectively identify the risks faced by aging adults, including those related to activities of daily living, pain, depression, social support/network, vision, hearing, and cognitive status...
November 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112533/abo-blood-group-and-cochlear-status-otoacoustic-emission-markers
#19
Welen Weilu Chen, Kin Tsun Chow, Bradley McPherson
OBJECTIVES: There are an increasing number of research studies examining the effects of ABO blood group on susceptibility to disease. However, little is known regarding the potential relationship between blood group and hearing. Higher risk of noise-induced hearing loss was linked to blood group O in several occupational health studies. Based on this finding, a recent study of cochlear status was conducted with normal-hearing female participants representing equal numbers of the four blood groups in the ABO blood group system...
November 4, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108674/effects-of-vocal-function-exercises-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Vrushali Angadi, Daniel Croake, Joseph Stemple
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the present review was to systematically analyze the evidence for the effectiveness of vocal function exercises (VFEs) in improving voice production. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed by two independent reviewers using PubMed and EBSCOHost to access relevant databases and to locate outcome studies that used VFEs as an intervention. Articles that met inclusion criteria were appraised based on the American Speech-Language and Hearing Association's levels of evidence...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
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