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Ran Schwarzkopf, Michael Drexler, Michael W Ma, Vanessa M Schultz, Khanhvan T Le, Tal Frenkel Rutenberg, Joseph B Rinehart
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) poses a major challenge. It delays mobilization, increases opioid consumption and side effects, and lengthens hospitalization. This challenge multiplies when treating an opioid-dependent population. We examined whether a novel suspended release local anesthetic, liposomal bupivacaine (LB) would improve pain control and decrease opioid consumption after TKA compared to a standard periarticular injection in opioid-dependent patients...
August 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Lott, Nelson, Toombs
Recombinant human megakaryocyte growth and development factor (rHuMGDF) is a c-mpl ligand that promotes the differentiation of CD34+ precursor cells into megakaryocyte, and then platelets. In experimental animals, injection of this and other c-mpl ligands leads to profound increases in the circulating platelet count in a matter of days. However, c-mpl ligands have also been shown to sensitize platelets to aggregating agents in vitro, raising the possibility that c-mpI ligands may have prothrombotic effects in vivo...
1998: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
M J Paech
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Neurologic deficits after spinal and epidural anesthesia are uncommon and have a variety of pathophysiologic mechanisms. Local anesthetic neurotoxicity may occur, although subarachnoid bupivacaine has an unblemished clinical record. METHODS: A healthy parturient underwent uneventful combined spinal and epidural anesthesia for elective cesarean delivery. Intraspinal drugs administered included hyperbaric bupivacaine 0.5% and fentanyl (subarachnoid) and 2% lidocaine with epinepherine 1:200,000 and meperidine (epidural)...
September 1997: Regional Anesthesia
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