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Low glycemic foods

Marion Guerrero-Wyss, Samuel Durán Agüero, Lisse Angarita Dávila
The objective of the current research was to review and update evidence on the dietary effect of the consumption of tagatose in type 2 diabetes, as well as to elucidate the current approach that exists on its production and biotechnological utility in functional food for diabetics. Articles published before July 1, 2017, were included in the databases PubMed, EBSCO, Google Scholar, and Scielo, including the terms "Tagatose", "Sweeteners", "Diabetes Mellitus type 2", "Sweeteners", "D-Tag"...
2018: BioMed Research International
Vajihe Izadi, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Parisa Moosavian, Leila Azadbakht
BACKGROUND: There are no investigations regarding the effects of consuming low-energy-dense diets rich in multiple functional foods on weight-loss maintenance, inflammatory markers, and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors simultaneously. METHOD: This randomized controlled trial design was conducted on 90 men and women who were under a previous weight loss diet. Three months of intervention with recruitment at Allzahra Hospital, Isfahan, Iran, was done. Intervention was conducted following achieving 7-11 kg weight loss...
March 12, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
Joeri Jan Pen, Galina Khorosheva, Ursule Van de Velde, Corinne Debroye, André Huyghebaert, Raoul Rottiers, Bart Keymeulen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Sweetening agents are sugar substitutes with a low glycemic index, used to obtain a better glycemic control in diabetes patients. However, they also may have a role in other subjects, as a high glycemic index is thought to cause many pathological conditions. Unfortunately, not all artificial sweeteners are perceived as sweet as sugar by patients. Consumers refer often to an after taste present in foods sweetened with intensive sweeteners. The objective of this study was to explore whether Zùsto® had a low glycemic index, to replace glucose as a sweetener...
February 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
Kentaro Murakami, Satoshi Sasaki
We investigated the hypothesis that the dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) of Japanese children is associated with both favorable and unfavorable aspects of dietary intake. This cross-sectional study was based on 1-day weighed dietary record data from 3866 children in the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan. The GI of foods was assigned based on a stepwise published strategy using values from common GI databases. Mean dietary GI and GL were, respectively, 63.4 and 108.2 for children aged 1-6 years, 64...
January 2018: Nutrition Research
Neal D Barnard, Susan M Levin, Lise Gloede, Rosendo Flores
BACKGROUND: In research settings, plant-based (vegan) eating plans improve diabetes management, typically reducing weight, glycemia, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol concentrations to a greater extent than has been shown with portion-controlled eating plans. OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to test whether similar benefits could be found using weekly nutrition classes in a typical endocrinology practice, hypothesizing that a vegan eating plan would improve glycemic control, weight, lipid concentrations, blood pressure, and renal function and would do so more effectively than a portion-controlled eating plan...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Siew Ling Tey, Nurhazwani Salleh, Christiani Jeyakumar Henry, Ciaran G Forde
Consumption of reduced energy dense foods and drink has the potential to reduce energy intake and postprandial blood glucose concentrations. In addition, the taste quality of a meal (e.g., sweet or savoury) may play a role in satiation and food intake. The objective of this randomised crossover study was to examine whether energy density and taste quality has an impact on energy intake and postprandial blood glucose response. Using a preload design, participants were asked to consume a sweet ("Cheng Teng") or a savoury (broth) preload soup in high energy density (HED; around 0...
January 31, 2018: Nutrients
Maria L Stewart, Meredith L Wilcox, Marjorie Bell, Mary A Buggia, Kevin C Maki
Resistant starch (RS) is a type of dietary fiber that has been acknowledged for multiple physiological benefits. Resistant starch type 4 (RS4) is a subcategory of RS that has been more intensively studied as new types of RS4 emerge in the food supply. The primary aim of this randomized, double-blind, controlled study was to characterize the postprandial glucose response in healthy adults after consuming a high fiber scone containing a novel RS4 or a low fiber control scone without RS4. Secondary aims included assessment of postprandial insulin response, postprandial satiety, and gastrointestinal tolerance...
January 26, 2018: Nutrients
Francesco Di Pierro, Pietro Putignano, Nicola Villanova
BACKGROUND: Berberine, an alkaloid with both glucose- and cholesterol-lowering action, is also characterized by an anti-diarrheal effect. Consequently, berberine-based therapies are recommended for diabetic patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) or gut discomfort caused by metformin. AIM: As the anti-glycemic and cholesterol-lowering action of berberine is improved by co-administration with P-glycoprotein inhibitors and naturally derived statins, we have analyzed the effect of the food supplement Berberol®K (hereafter referred to as BSM) containing, berberine, silymarin, and a highly standardized red yeast rice containing monacolins K and KA in the ratio 1:1 but no secondary monacolins, dehydromonacolins, or citrinin (Monakopure™-K20)...
January 16, 2018: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
Motahareh Makhdoomi Arzati, Niyaz Mohammadzadeh Honarvar, Ahmad Saedisomeolia, Siyamand Anvari, Mohammad Effatpanah, Raoofe Makhdoomi Arzati, Mir Saeed Yekaninejad, Rezvan Hashemi, Mahmoud Djalali
Background: Lipid and glycemic abnormalities are prevalent in diabetes leading to long term complications. Use of safe and natural foods instead of medications is now considered by many scientists. Objectives: This study aimed at determining the effect of ginger on lipid and glucose levels of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Methods: In a double-blind placebo-controlled trial, 50 patients with type 2 diabetes were randomly allocated to 2 groups of intervention (n = 25) and placebo (n = 25)...
October 2017: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Anna Jeznach-Steinhagen, Joanna Ostrowska, Aneta Czerwonogrodzka-Senczyna, Iwona Boniecka, Wioletta Gronostajska
Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is currently the most common chronic liver disease in the developed world. Nowadays, in the adult population of Europe it is estimated at 14% to 21%. Its most important risk factors are obesity and metabolic syndrome. Introducing lifestyle changes such as: dietary intervention and increased physical activity are the first-line treatment and are intended to support not only NAFLD but also associated diseases such as obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes and dyslipidemia...
December 22, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Kentaro Murakami, Satoshi Sasaki
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the dietary glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) of Japanese adults, as well as their nutritional correlates, in the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan. METHOD: Dietary data from 15 618 adults aged ≥20 y, collected using a 1-d weighed dietary record, were analyzed. The GI of foods was assigned based on a stepwise published strategy using values from common GI databases. RESULTS: Mean (SD) dietary GI and GL were 65...
February 2018: Nutrition
Hunter S Waldman, Benjamin M Krings, JohnEric W Smith, Matthew J McAllister
OBJECTIVE: Investigations into the relationship between dietary carbohydrate restriction and health are mixed. Current guidelines for nutrition promote low-fat foods and higher carbohydrate consumption for optimal health and weight loss. However, high-fat, low-carbohydrate diets are revealing both intra- and extracellular adaptations that have been shown to elicit favorable cardiometabolic changes associated with obesity. Moreover, dietary fat is associated with higher satiety levels from the hormones adiponectin, leptin, and cholecystokinin...
February 2018: Nutrition
Jesús G Arámburo-Gálvez, Noé Ontiveros, Marcela J Vergara-Jiménez, Dalia Magaña-Ordorica, Martina H Gracia-Valenzuela, Francisco Cabrera-Chávez
Sugar-free (SF), sugar-reduced (SR), or low-glycemic-index (low GI) cereal products could be helpful for the dietary treatment of disorders related to glucose homeostasis. However, access and economic aspects are barriers that could hamper their consumption. Thus, the availability and price of such cereal products were evaluated in Northwestern México. The products were categorized in 10 groups. The data were collected in five cities by store visitation (from November 2015 to April 2016). The availability in specialized stores and supermarkets was expressed as availability rates based on the total number of products...
December 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Elizabeth A Pletsch, Bruce R Hamaker
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Consumption of whole vs. refined grain foods is recommended by nutrition or dietary guideline authorities of many countries, yet specific aspects of whole grains leading to health benefits are not well understood. Gastric emptying rate is an important consideration, as it is tied to nutrient delivery rate and influences glycemic response. Our objective was to explore two aspects of cooked rice related to gastric emptying, (1) whole grain brown vs. white rice and (2) potential effect of elevated levels of slowly digestible starch (SDS) and resistant starch (RS) from high-amylose rice...
March 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Shanmugam Shobana, Ravi Poovizhi Selvi, Vasudevan Kavitha, Nagamuthu Gayathri, Gunasekaran Geetha, Rajagopal Gayathri, Parthasarthy Vijayalakshmi, K Kandappa Gounder Balasubramaniam, Vaidya Ruchi, Vasudevan Sudha, Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Ranjit Unnikrishnan, Nagappa Gurusiddappa Malleshi, C Jk Henry, Kamala Krishnaswamy, Viswanathan Mohan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Finger millet (Eleusine coracana L.) (FM) is rich in dietary fibre and is therefore expected to elicit a lower glycemic response compared to other grains. However, there is little data on the glycemic properties of FM-based products. We evaluated the nutritional, sensory and glycemic properties of decorticated millet with lower polish (DFM-LDP), flakes (FMF), vermicelli (FMV) and extruded snack (FMES) (both FMV and FMES with 7-8% added soluble fibre). METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: The nutrient contents of the FM products were evaluated by standard AOAC (Association of Official Analytical Chemists) and AACC (American Association of Cereal Chemists) methods...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Belinda Lennerz, Jochen K Lennerz
BACKGROUND: Treatment success in obesity remains low, and recently food addiction has been delineated as an underlying etiologic factor with therapeutic relevance. Specifically, current treatment focuses on reduced food intake and increase of physical activity, whereas interventions for addiction encompass behavioral therapy, abstinence, and environmental interventions such as taxation, restrictions on advertising, and regulation of school menus. CONTENT: Here, we reviewed the pertinent literature on food addiction with a specific focus on the role of high-glycemic-index carbohydrates in triggering addictive symptoms...
January 2018: Clinical Chemistry
Pernilla Sandvik, Margaretha Nydahl, Iwona Kihlberg, Ingela Marklinder
There is a wide variety of commercial bread types and the present study identifies potential pitfalls in consumer evaluations of bread from a health perspective. The aim is to describe consumers' health-related perceptions of bread by exploring which health-related quality attributes consumers associate with bread and whether there are differences with regard to age, gender and education level. A postal and web-based sequential mixed-mode survey (n = 1134, 62% responded online and 38% by paper) with open-ended questions and an elicitation task with pictures of commercial breads were used...
February 1, 2018: Appetite
Habtu Shumoy, Katleen Raes
This review covers the nutritional significance of tef cereal as compared to other common cereals with emphasis on carbohydrate content and starch digestibility, protein content, iron and zinc bioavailability and antioxidant potentials. Tef is a gluten free cereal and contains the highest iron and calcium among other cereals. It has high micro- and macro- nutritional profile and is becoming globally popular in the healthy grain food chain. Tef starch has a high gelatinization temperature, an essential precondition in the preparation of low glycemic index foods...
December 2017: Plant Foods for Human Nutrition
Ponnie R Dolo, Libin Yao, Chao Li, Xiaocheng Zhu, Linsen Shi, Jason Widjaja
BACKGROUND: Possible mechanisms underlying diabetes remission following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) include eradication of putative factor(s) with duodenal-jejunal bypass. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to observe the effects of duodenal-jejunal transit on glucose tolerance and diabetes remission in gastric bypass rat model. METHOD: In order to verify the effect of duodenal-jejunal transit on glucose tolerance and diabetes remission in gastric bypass, 22 type 2 diabetes Sprague-Dawley rat models established through high-fat diet and low-dose streptozotocin (STZ) administered intraperitoneally were assigned to one of three groups: gastric bypass with duodenal-jejunal transit (GB-DJT n = 8), gastric bypass without duodenal-jejunal transit (RYGB n = 8), and sham (n = 6)...
November 2, 2017: Obesity Surgery
Shi-Ying Shao, Wei-Jie Xu, Jing Tao, Jian-Hua Zhang, Xin-Rong Zhou, Gang Yuan, Yan Yang, Jing Zhang, Hong-Yan Zhang, Qiang Xu, Xiu-Xin Deng, Shu-Hong Hu, Mu-Xun Zhang, Zhe-Long Liu, Xue-Feng Yu
Food intake has a great influence on blood glucose in patients with diabetes. This study was to determine the glycemic index (GI) and glycemic load (GL) of a particular pomelo named Majia pomelo and its effects on postprandial glucose (PPG) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D). Twenty healthy subjects and 20 T2D patients (controlled on lifestyle measures and/or metformin) were tested on 2 separate days with 50 g of glucose and 50 g equivalent of carbohydrates from Majia pomelo for GI measurement. To test effects of Majia pomelo on PPG, 19 hospitalized T2D patients (controlled on insulin therapy) were selected for a 9-day study...
October 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
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