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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230263/recent-advances-in-%C3%AE-aminobutyric-acid-gaba-properties-in-pulses-an-overview
#1
REVIEW
Nooshin Nikmaram, B N Dar, Shahin Roohinejad, Mohamed Koubaa, Francisco J Barba, Greiner Ralf, Stuart K Johnson
Beans, peas, and lentils are all types of pulses that are extensively used as foods around the world due to their beneficial effects on human health including their low glycemic index, cholesterol lowering effects, ability to decrease the risk of heart diseases and their protective effects against some cancers. These health benefits are a result of their components such as bioactive proteins, dietary fibers, slowly digested starches, minerals and vitamins, and bioactive compounds. Among these bioactive compounds, γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA), a non-proteinogenic amino acid with numerous reported health benefits (e...
February 23, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228332/calorically-restricted-diets-decrease-pcsk9-in-overweight-adolescents
#2
A E Levenson, C E Milliren, S B Biddinger, C B Ebbeling, H A Feldman, D S Ludwig, S D de Ferranti
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Nutritional therapy is the first line approach to treatment of hyperlipidemia in childhood. Proprotein convertase subtilisin kexin type 9 (PCSK9) is a key regulator of plasma cholesterol levels and a target of novel lipid-lowering pharmacotherapies. We examined the effects of an intensive nutritional intervention on PCSK9 levels in overweight adolescents with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty seven obese and overweight adolescents with CVD risk factors were assigned to either a low fat or low glycemic load diet...
January 3, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208806/orange-pomace-improves-postprandial-glycemic-responses-an-acute-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-crossover-trial-in-overweight-men
#3
C-Y Oliver Chen, Helen Rasmussen, Alison Kamil, Peng Du, Jeffrey B Blumberg
Orange pomace (OP), a fiber-rich byproduct of juice production, has the potential for being formulated into a variety of food products. We hypothesized that OP would diminish postprandial glycemic responses to a high carbohydrate/fat breakfast and lunch. We conducted an acute, randomized, placebo-controlled, double blind, crossover trial with 34 overweight men who consumed either a 255 g placebo (PLA), a low (35% OP (LOP)), or a high (77% (HOP)) dose OP beverage with breakfast. Blood was collected at 0, 10, 20, 30, and 45 min and at 1, 1...
February 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187365/low-glycemic-load-diets-protect-against-metabolic-syndrome-and-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-the-male-nile-rat
#4
Julia Bolsinger, Michelle Landstrom, Andrzej Pronczuk, Andrew Auerbach, K C Hayes
BACKGROUND: Dietary modification helps prevent and manage Metabolic Syndrome (MetS) and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) in humans and Nile rats. Specifically fibrous legumes, like lentils, benefit humans, but whether this reflects a specific change in the Glycemic Load (GLoad) remains controversial. Accordingly, low-GLoad foods were tested in the glucose-sensitive Nile rat. METHODS: 131 male Nile rats aged 3 weeks to 15 months were challenged during four experiments with 15 dietary exposures that varied Glycemic Index (GI, 36-88), GLoad (102-305/2000 kcal), and cumulative GLoad (Cum GLoad=days×GLoad, 181-537g total glucose)...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146277/dietary-guidance-for-pulses-the-challenge-and-opportunity-to-be-part-of-both-the-vegetable-and-protein-food-groups
#5
Stefanie Havemeier, Jennifer Erickson, Joanne Slavin
Pulses are a dry, edible variety of beans, peas, and lentils that have been consumed for 10,000 years. Pulses are rich in plant-based protein and fiber, as well as micronutrients such as iron and potassium. The satiating effect of both fiber and protein assists in managing weight and combating obesity. The high fiber content and low glycemic index of pulses aid people with diabetes in maintaining blood glucose and insulin levels. Pulse consumption may improve serum lipid levels to reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease...
February 1, 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140467/a-survey-of-commercially-available-isomaltooligosaccharide-based-food-ingredients
#6
Lee R Madsen, Sarah Stanley, Peter Swann, Jack Oswald
Isomaltooligosaccharides (IMOs) are included in many commercially available food products including protein/fiber bars, shakes, and other dietary supplements. Marketed as "high fiber," "prebiotic soluble fiber," and/or as a "low-calorie, low glycemic sweetener," IMO may be present in significant amounts, for example, more than 15 g/item or serving. Herein, high-pressure anion exchange chromatography with pulsed amperometric detection and high-pressure liquid chromatography with differential refractive index detection are used to compare 7 commercially available IMO-containing bulk food ingredients...
January 31, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114909/low-glycemic-index-diet-exercise-and-vitamin-d-to-reduce-breast-cancer-recurrence-dedica-design-of-a-clinical-trial
#7
Livia S A Augustin, Massimo Libra, Anna Crispo, Maria Grimaldi, Michele De Laurentiis, Massimo Rinaldo, Massimiliano D'Aiuto, Francesca Catalano, Giuseppe Banna, Francesco Ferrau', Rosalba Rossello, Diego Serraino, Ettore Bidoli, Samuele Massarut, Guglielmo Thomas, Davide Gatti, Ernesta Cavalcanti, Monica Pinto, Gabriele Riccardi, Edward Vidgen, Cyril W C Kendall, David J A Jenkins, Gennaro Ciliberto, Maurizio Montella
BACKGROUND: Mechanisms influencing breast cancer (BC) development and recurrence include hyperglycemia, hyperinsulinemia, high insulin-like growth factor-1, high circulating estrogen, inflammation and impaired cellular differentiation/apoptosis. A lifestyle program that targets all the above mechanisms may be warranted. Low glycemic index (GI) foods produce lower post-prandial glucose and insulin responses and have been associated with lower BC risk. Moderate physical activity post-diagnosis reduces BC recurrence and mortality, partly explained by reduced insulin and estrogen levels...
January 23, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111011/the-impact-of-sleep-improvement-on-food-choices-in-adolescents-with-late-bedtimes
#8
Lauren D Asarnow, Stephanie M Greer, Mathew P Walker, Allison G Harvey
PURPOSE: The aim was to investigate the effect of sleep improvement on desire for and intake of weight gain-promoting foods in adolescents with late bedtimes. METHODS: A sample of 42 adolescents with late bedtimes was enrolled in an intervention designed to improve sleep. Their desire for and intake of food in the morning was assessed at before and after treatment. RESULTS: Adolescents with earlier bedtimes at post-treatment relative to pretreatment increased their caloric intake of low glycemic index, fruit, and dairy foods at post-treatment...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092151/issues-in-nutrition-carbohydrates
#9
Margaret E Thompson, Mary Barth Noel
Carbohydrates include sugars, starches, and dietary fibers. Resistant starches resemble fiber in their behavior in the intestinal tract, and may have positive effects on blood glucose levels and the gut microbiome. Fibers are classified as soluble and insoluble, but most fiber-containing foods contain a mixture of soluble and insoluble fiber. Soluble fiber has been shown to lower low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. Many artificial sweeteners and other sugar substitutes are available. Most natural sources of sweeteners also are energy sources...
January 2017: FP Essentials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070324/glycemic-index-of-some-local-staples-in-ghana
#10
Divine Eli-Cophie, Jacob K Agbenorhevi, Reginald A Annan
Glycemic index (GI), a measure of blood glucose level as influenced by foods has become a concern due to the increasing cases of diabetes in Ghana. In spite of this, little is known of the GI of commonly consumed carbohydrate-rich foods of the Ghanaian diet. The GI of five Ghanaian staples: fufu (locally pounded), kenkey (Ga), banku, Tuo Zaafi (TZ), and fufu (Processed powder) were determined in a crossover trial among 10 healthy nondiabetics. Participants were given 50 g portions of pure glucose on two different occasions and subsequently the test foods containing 50 g available carbohydrates...
January 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032067/association-of-major-dietary-patterns-with-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-in-type-2-diabetic-patients
#11
Zhaleh Shadman, Mahdieh Akhoundan, Nooshin Poorsoltan, Bagher Larijani, Mostafa Qorbani, Mehdi Hedayati, Mohsen Khoshniat Nikoo
BACKGROUND: Role of dietary modifications on the treatment and management of diabetes and complications was shown by many researchers. This study was designed to examine the association of major dietary patterns with diabetes-related cardio-metabolic risk factors in Iranian diabetes. METHODS: Totally, 525 type 2 diabetic subjects with mean age 55 ± 10 yr were included in this cross-sectional study in 2014 that followed for at least two years by the Diabetes and Metabolic disease Clinic of Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran...
November 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005914/the-association-of-bread-and-rice-with-metabolic-factors-in-type-2-diabetic-patients
#12
Mahdieh Akhoundan, Zhaleh Shadman, Parisa Jandaghi, Maryam Aboeerad, Bagher Larijani, Zahra Jamshidi, Hamidreza Ardalani, Mohsen Khoshniat Nikoo
PURPOSE: Carbohydrates are shown to have an important role in blood glucose control, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases risk. This is even more challenging when considering populations consuming refined grains diets. Bread and rice are staple foods which supply main proportion of Iranian calorie intake. This study was designed to investigate the effect of bread and rice intake on blood glucose control, lipid profile and anthropometric measurements in Iranian type 2 diabetic patients...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927976/metabolic-profiling-reveals-differences-in-plasma-concentrations-of-arabinose-and-xylose-after-consumption-of-fiber-rich-pasta-and-wheat-bread-with-differential-rates-of-systemic-appearance-of-exogenous-glucose-in-healthy-men
#13
Andre J Pantophlet, Suzan Wopereis, Coby Eelderink, Roel J Vonk, Johanna H Stroeve, Sabina Bijlsma, Leo van Stee, Ivana Bobeldijk, Marion G Priebe
BACKGROUND: The consumption of products rich in cereal fiber and with a low glycemic index is implicated in a lower risk of metabolic diseases. Previously, we showed that the consumption of fiber-rich pasta compared with bread resulted in a lower rate of appearance of exogenous glucose and a lower glucose clearance rate quantified with a dual-isotope technique, which was in accordance with a lower insulin and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide response. OBJECTIVE: To gain more insight into the acute metabolic consequences of the consumption of products resulting in differential glucose kinetics, postprandial metabolic profiles were determined...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921432/-composition-of-macronutrients-in-the-diabetic-diet
#14
Zdeněk Rušavý, Michal Žourek
The diabetic diet is one of the pillars of diabetes treatment. The rapid development of knowledge relating to the treatment of diabetes also includes diet. The paper focuses on the importance of a diet in the treatment of type 2 diabetes and prevention of atherosclerosis. Its main goal is to assess the impact of a composition of macronutrients on individuals with type 2 diabetes. The paper is divided into several parts, each of which ends with a conclusion. The first part examines weight reduction. The diet aimed at a weight loss is effective, it can effectively prevent diabetes, it leads to improvements in glucose control and reduction of the risk factors for atherosclerosis, however it will not impact on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality until after more than 20 years...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921426/-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#15
Hana Krejčí
The present generation of women of childbearing age more frequently suffer from overweight, obesity, initial as well as fully established metabolic syndrome, which together with postponing motherhood until the third decade in life plays an important role in the increasing incidence of gestational diabetes (GDM) that currently affects about 1/5 of pregnant women. However the causal link between diabetes during pregnancy and metabolic diseases in the whole population is mutual. By way of epigenetic changes, maternal diabetes unfavourably programmes metabolism of the offspring, who tend to transfer the disorder to the next generations...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904578/low-energy-density-diet-weight-loss-maintenance-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-following-a-recent-weight-reduction-program-a-randomized-control-trial
#16
Golgis Karimi, Leila Azadbakht, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effects of a low energy dense diet on weight maintenance and cardiovascular risks following a recent weight reduction. Therefore, we assessed if weight maintenance, lipid profiles, and glycemic control differ between low energy density (LED) diet and usual diet consumers following a recent weight reduction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized controlled clinical trial study in a parallel design, we recruited 70 patients with the history of weight reduction in the recent 1 year...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903520/visceral-adiposity-and-metabolic-syndrome-after-very-high-fat-and-low-fat-isocaloric-diets-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Vivian L Veum, Johnny Laupsa-Borge, Øyvin Eng, Espen Rostrup, Terje H Larsen, Jan Erik Nordrehaug, Ottar K Nygård, Jørn V Sagen, Oddrun A Gudbrandsen, Simon N Dankel, Gunnar Mellgren
BACKGROUND: Different aspects of dietary pattern, including macronutrient and food profiles, may affect visceral fat mass and metabolic syndrome. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that consuming energy primarily from carbohydrate or fat in diets with similar food profiles would differentially affect the ability to reverse visceral adiposity and metabolic syndrome. DESIGN: Forty-six men (aged 30-50 y) with body mass index (in kg/m(2)) >29 and waist circumference >98 cm were randomly assigned to a very high-fat, low-carbohydrate (VHFLC; 73% of energy fat and 10% of energy carbohydrate) or low-fat, high-carbohydrate (LFHC; 30% of energy fat and 53% of energy carbohydrate) diet for 12 wk...
January 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854513/child-care-exposure-influences-childhood-adiposity-at-2-years-analysis-from-the-rolo-study
#18
Helena Scully, Goiuri Alberdi, Ricardo Segurado, Aoife McNamara, Karen Lindsay, Mary Horan, Eilis Hennessy, Eileen Gibney, Fionnuala McAuliffe
BACKGROUND: The first 2 years of life are instrumental for childhood physical development. Factors contributing to childhood obesity are difficult to determine; child care exposure is one to consider, by influencing food preference and physical activity development. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of child care exposure with adiposity at 2 years. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the secondary analysis of the prospective ROLO study (randomized control trial of low glycemic index diet) in Dublin, Ireland...
November 17, 2016: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804063/metformin-reduces-lipogenesis-markers-in-obese-mice-fed-a-low-carbohydrate-and-high-fat-diet
#19
Karla Nayara de Oliveira Santana, Deborah Farias Lelis, Keila Lopes Mendes, Jamille Fernandes Lula, Alanna Fernandes Paraíso, João Marcus Oliveira Andrade, John David Feltenberger, Junio Cota, Diego Vicente da Costa, Alfredo Mauricio Batista de Paula, André Luiz Sena Guimarães, Sérgio Henrique Sousa Santos
Lipogenesis is the process by which fatty acids are synthesized. In metabolic syndrome, an insulin resistant state along with high plasma levels of free fatty acids (FFA) and hyperglycemia may contribute to the lipogenic process. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of oral administration of metformin on the expression of lipogenic genes and glycemic profile in mice fed with low-carbohydrate high-fat diet by evaluating their metabolic profile. SWISS male mice were divided into 4 groups (N = 7) that were fed with standard (ST), standard plus metformin (ST + MET), low-carbohydrate high-fat diet (LCHFD) and low-carbohydrate high-fat diet plus metformin (LCHFD + MET) (100 mg kg(-1) diet) diets respectively...
December 2016: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779892/examining-diet-related-care-practices-among-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-focus-on-glycemic-index-choices
#20
Hayford M Avedzi, Nonsikelelo Mathe, Stephanie Bearman, Kate Storey, Jeffrey A Johnson, Steven T Johnson
We examined self-care dietary practices and usual intakes among adults with Type 2 diabetes in Alberta, Canada, using data from the Healthy Eating and Active Living for Diabetes study. Participants completed a modified Fat/Sugar/Fruit/Vegetable Screener and answered questions about the number of days per week they followed specific diabetes self-care dietary recommendations. Capillary blood samples were collected to assess glycemic control measured by hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). ANOVA was used to examine differences in dietary self-care, intakes, and glycemic control across categories of days/week of practicing recommended dietary behaviour...
March 2017: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
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