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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892156/a-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-polydextrose-as-a-fiber-in-a-wet-and-dry-matrix-on-glycemic-control
#1
Sajida Rahman, Anqi Zhao, Di Xiao, Eunyoung Park, Indika Edirisinghe, Britt M Burton-Freeman
Functional fibers can help Americans increase their fiber intake by incorporating extracted or synthesized fibers into food products. The United States Food and Drug Administration has recently proposed that "added" fibers must demonstrate a physiological health benefit, such as glucose control, to be included on the Nutrition Facts label as a dietary fiber. The objective of this study was to assess the effects of polydextrose (PDX), a water-soluble glucose polymer resistant to mammalian digestion, on postprandial glucose concentrations when added to relatively high moisture (beverage) versus low moisture (bar) food products...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870473/short-term-effects-of-a-low-glycemic-index-carob-containing-snack-on-energy-intake-satiety-and-glycemic-response-in-normal-weight-healthy-adults-results-from-two-randomized-trials
#2
Emilia Papakonstantinou, Nickolaos Orfanakos, Paul Farajian, Anastasia E Kapetanakou, Ifigenia P Makariti, Nikolaos Grivokostopoulos, Marie-Ann Ha, Panagiotis N Skandamis
OBJECTIVES: The potential positive health effects of carob-containing snacks are largely unknown. Therefore, the aims of these studies were to determine the glycemic index (GI) of a carob snack compared with chocolate cookie containing equal amounts of available carbohydrates and to compare the effects of a carob versus chocolate cookie preload consumed as snack before a meal on (a) short-term satiety response measured by subsequent ad libitum meal intake, (b) subjective satiety as assessed by visual analog scales and (c) postprandial glycemic response...
October 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867097/nutritional-composition-in-relation-to-glycemic-potential-of-popular-indian-rice-varieties
#3
V S S Prasad, A Hymavathi, V Ravindra Babu, T Longvah
Diabetes, a chronic hyperglycemic disorder, is a public health concern in India. High glycemic carbohydrate foods are linked to higher risk of diabetes. The chemical composition and in vivo glycemic potential of popular Indian rice varieties namely Jaya, Lalat, NDR-97, PR-113, Salivahana, Sasyasree, Savithri, Tellahamsa, Triguna, Varalu and one hybrid DRRH-3, having wide agronomical and grain morphological features were studied. Nutrient composition varied prominently among different varieties. Resistant starch (RS) content (2...
January 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853992/effect-of-incorporating-bay-leaves-in-cookies-on-postprandial-glycemia-appetite-palatability-and-gastrointestinal-well-being
#4
Imran Khan, Seema Shah, Jamil Ahmad, Aiman Abdullah, Stuart K Johnson
BACKGROUND: Previous studies of patients with type 2 diabetes showed that capsules containing 1, 2, and 3 g of bay leaves lower fasting blood glucose, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and total cholesterol concentrations after 30 days of treatment. However, the acute effect of bay leaves on postprandial glycemic and appetite responses has not yet been determined. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the effect of cookies containing different doses of bay leaves on postprandial glycemia, appetite, palatability, and gastrointestinal well-being in healthy subjects...
August 30, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28851931/dietary-glycemic-index-glycemic-load-and-cancer-risk-results-from-the-epic-italy-study
#5
S Sieri, C Agnoli, V Pala, S Grioni, F Brighenti, N Pellegrini, G Masala, D Palli, A Mattiello, S Panico, F Ricceri, F Fasanelli, G Frasca, R Tumino, V Krogh
Factors linked to glucose metabolism are involved in the etiology of several cancers. High glycemic index (GI) or high glycemic load (GL) diets, which chronically raise postprandial blood glucose, may increase cancer risk by affecting insulin-like growth factor. We prospectively investigated cancer risk and dietary GI/GL in the EPIC-Italy cohort. After a median 14.9 years, 5112 incident cancers and 2460 deaths were identified among 45,148 recruited adults. High GI was associated with increased risk of colon and bladder cancer...
August 29, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28850662/macromolecular-traits-in-the-african-rice-oryza-glaberrima-and-in-glaberrima-sativa-crosses-and-their-relevance-to-processing
#6
Mauro Marengo, Alberto Barbiroli, Francesco Bonomi, Maria Cristina Casiraghi, Alessandra Marti, Maria Ambrogina Pagani, John Manful, Seth Graham-Acquaah, Enzio Ragg, Dimitrios Fessas, Johannes A Hogenboom, Stefania Iametti
Molecular properties of proteins and starch were investigated in 2 accessions of Oryza glaberrima and Oryza sativa, and in one NERICA cross between the 2 species, to assess traits that could be relevant to transformation into specific foods. Protein nature and organization in O. glaberrima were different from those in O. sativa and in NERICA. Despite the similar cysteine content in all samples, thiol accessibility in O. glaberrima proteins was higher than in NERICA or in O. sativa. Inter-protein disulphide bonds were important for the formation of protein aggregates in O...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819632/detection-of-islet-cell-immune-reactivity-with-low-glycemic-index-foods-is-this-a-concern-for-type-1-diabetes
#7
Datis Kharrazian, Martha Herbert, Aristo Vojdani
Dietary management of autoimmune diabetes includes low glycemic foods classified from the glycemic index, but it does not consider the role that immunoreactive foods may play with the immunological etiology of the disease. We measured the reactivity of either monoclonal or polyclonal affinity-purified antibodies to insulin, insulin receptor alpha, insulin receptor beta, zinc transporter 8 (ZnT8), tyrosine phosphatase-based islet antigen 2 (IA2), and glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) 65 and 67 against 204 dietary proteins that are commonly consumed...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802846/effect-of-domestic-cooking-on-the-starch-digestibility-predicted-glycemic-indices-polyphenol-contents-and-alpha-amylase-inhibitory-properties-of-beans-phaseolis-vulgaris-and-breadfruit-treculia-africana
#8
E Chinedum, S Sanni, N Theressa, A Ebere
The effect of processing on starch digestibility, predicted glycemic indices (pGI), polyphenol contents and alpha amylase inhibitory properties of beans (Phaseolis vulgaris) and breadfruit (Treculia africana) was studied. Total starch ranged from 4.3 to 68.3g/100g, digestible starch ranged from 4.3 to 59.2 to 65.7g/100g for the raw and processed legumes; Resistance starch was not detected in most of the legumes except in fried breadfruit and the starches in both the raw and processed breadfruit were more rapidly digested than those from raw and cooked beans...
August 9, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794212/addition-of-rye-bran-and-pea-fiber-to-pork-meatballs-enhances-subjective-satiety-in-healthy-men-but-does-not-change-glycemic-or-hormonal-responses-a-randomized-crossover-meal-test-study
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ursula Kehlet, Josephine Kofod, Jens J Holst, Christian Ritz, Margit D Aaslyng, Anne Raben
Background: The development of high-protein, fiber-rich foods targeting appetite control could be an efficient tool in obesity prevention.Objectives: We investigated whether ad libitum energy intake (EI), appetite, and metabolic markers in a meal context were affected by 1) fiber addition (rye bran and pea fiber) to pork meatballs, 2) the food matrix of the fiber (fiber meatballs compared with fiber bread), or 3) the protein source (animal compared with vegetable protein patties).Methods: In a crossover design, 40 healthy men [mean ± SD: body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)), 22...
September 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768835/associations-of-dairy-intake-with-incident-prediabetes-or-diabetes-in-middle-aged-adults-vary-by-both-dairy-type-and-glycemic-status
#10
Adela Hruby, Jiantao Ma, Gail Rogers, James B Meigs, Paul F Jacques
Background: Inconsistent evidence describes the association between dietary intake of dairy and milk-based products and type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk.Objective: Our objective was to assess associations between consumption of milk-based products, incident prediabetes, and progression to T2D in the Framingham Heart Study Offspring Cohort.Methods: Total dairy and milk-based product consumption was assessed by ≤4 food-frequency questionnaires across a mean of 12 y of follow-up in 2809 participants [mean ± SD age: 54...
September 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764058/effect-of-polishing-on-glycemic-index-and-antioxidant-properties-of-red-and-white-basmati-rice
#11
G M Somaratne, B D R Prasantha, G R Dunuwila, A Chandrasekara, D G N G Wijesinghe, D C S Gunasekara
Four different pigmented dark-red (red) and non-pigmented white basmati rice varieties were tested for their nutrient composition, glycemic index (GI), total phenolic content (TPC), total anthocyanin content (TAC) and antioxidant activity (AOA) at 10% and 100% polished levels. The red basmati had higher content of ash, protein, fat, TPC, TAC and AOA than white basmati. Red and white basmati varieties can be classified as low GI and medium GI rice, respectively. The degree of polishing had no effect on the GI...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756038/association-between-glycemic-load-and-cognitive-function-in-community-dwelling-older-adults-results-from-the-brain-in-motion-study
#12
Anna Garber, Ilona Csizmadi, Christine M Friedenreich, Tolulope T Sajobi, Richard S Longman, Amanda V Tyndall, Lauren L Drogos, Margie H Davenport, Marc J Poulin
BACKGROUND: Impaired glucose tolerance is a risk factor for non-age-related cognitive decline and is also associated with measures of physical activity (PA) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). A low glycemic load (GL) diet can aid in the management of blood glucose levels, but little is known about its effect on cognition with poor glucoregulation. OBJECTIVE: We assessed the relation between GL and cognitive function by glucoregulation and possible mediatory effects by CRF and PA in older adults from the Brain in Motion Study...
July 17, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750803/metabolic-profiling-of-cb1-neutral-antagonists
#13
Herbert H Seltzman, Rangan Maitra, Katharine Bortoff, Jay Henson, Patricia H Reggio, Daniel Wesley, Joseph Tam
PIMSR is among the first neutral antagonists for the CB1R and was demonstrated pharmacologically to bind to the CB1R, yet not alter calcium flux. It was further shown computationally to be able to stabilize both the active and inactive states of CB1R revealing the molecular interactions that mechanistically afford the property of neutral antagonism. PIMSR shows dramatic positive effects in reducing weight, food intake, and adiposity as well as in improving glycemic control and lipid homeostasis in high-fat diet-induced obese mice, but also shows increased ALT and liver weight as markers of liver injury with chronic administration...
2017: Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746163/the-potential-contribution-of-dietary-factors-to-breast-cancer-prevention
#14
Niva Shapira
Breast cancer (BC), the leading cancer in women, is increasing in prevalence worldwide, concurrent with western metabolic epidemics, that is, obesity, metabolic syndrome, and diabetes, and shares major risk factors with these diseases. The corresponding potential for nutritional contributions toward BC prevention is reviewed and related to critical stages in the life cycle and their implications for carcinogenic and pathometabolic trajectories. BC initiation potentially involves diet-related pro-oxidative, inflammatory, and procarcinogenic processes, that interact through combined lipid/fatty acid peroxidation, estrogen metabolism, and related DNA-adduct/depurination/mutation formation...
September 2017: European Journal of Cancer Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737859/association-between-dietary-glycemic-load-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-obese-children-and-adolescents
#15
Angela Cornejo-Monthedoro, Isel Negreiros-Sánchez, Carlos Del Águila, Marlit Ysla-Marquillo, Percy Mayta-Tristán
OBJETIVE: To study the association between the metabolic syndrome (MS) and the glycemic load (GL) of food intake among obese children and adolescents seen in consultation by the endocrinology team in a pediatric referral hospital in Lima, Peru. POPULATION AND METHOD: Cross-sectional study among obese children and adolescents (body mass index ≥ 95 percentile), 10-15 years old. The MS was classified according to criteria of the International Diabetes Federation...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702439/physiological-adaptations-induced-by-swimming-in-mice-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#16
Pedro Augusto Silva Nogueira, Miriam Pimenta Pereira, Jeferson José Gomes Soares, Anderson Ferraz Norton Filho, Izadora Mayumi Fujinami Tanimoto, Ivana Alice Teixeira Fonseca, Homero Oliveira Avelar, Francoise Vasconcelos Botelho, Leonardo Roever, Alexandre Antônio Vieira, Renata Graciele Zanon
This study examined physiological variables of animals fed with a high-fat diet (HFD) or with a normal diet (ND) subjected to swimming at low and moderate level. Over 16 weeks, a group of animals was fed with HFD or ND, and at the 8 weeks, they started swimming with 50% or 80% of the maximum load achieved in the progressive work test. Weekly, body weight and the amount of ingested food were registered. The glycemic level was measured at the beginning, middle and at the end of the experiment. Adipose tissue, gastrocnemius muscles and hearts were collected for morphometry...
June 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674850/enhanced-mannitol-biosynthesis-by-the-fruit-origin-strain-fructobacillus-tropaeoli-crl-2034
#17
Luciana G Ruiz Rodríguez, Kadri Aller, Elena Bru, Luc De Vuyst, Elvira M Hébert, Fernanda Mozzi
Mannitol is a natural low-calorie sugar alcohol produced by certain (micro)organisms applicable in foods for diabetics due to its zero glycemic index. In this work, we evaluated mannitol production and yield by the fruit origin strain Fructobacillus tropaeoli CRL 2034 using response surface methodology with central composite design (CCD) as optimization strategy. The effect of the total saccharide (glucose + fructose, 1:2) content (TSC) in the medium (75, 100, 150, 200, and 225 g/l) and stirring (S; 50, 100, 200, 300 and 350 rpm) on mannitol production and yield by this strain was evaluated by using a 2(2) full-factorial CCD with 4 axial points (α = 1...
July 3, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660239/factors-influencing-diabetes-self-management-among-medically-underserved-patients-with-type-ii-diabetes
#18
Jimmy Reyes, Toni Tripp-Reimer, Edith Parker, Brandi Muller, Helena Laroche
In this study, researchers compare and contrast issues regarding diabetes self-management between persons in good versus poor glycemic control. The sample comprises low-income racially diverse adults with diabetes from four mid-western community health centers; 44 patients participated in eight focus groups divided by control status (HbA1c of > 9 [uncontrolled] or < 7 [controlled]). Themes common to both groups included the impact of dietary restrictions on social interactions, food cravings, the impact of mental health on self-management, and the importance of formal and informal (friends and family) support...
January 2017: Global Qualitative Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615381/yogurt-is-a-low-glycemic-index-food
#19
Thomas Ms Wolever
High yogurt intake is associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Although several mechanisms could explain this association, this paper addresses the glycemic and insulinemic impact of yogurt. There is evidence that low-glycemic index (GI) and low-glycemic load (GL) diets are associated with a reduced risk of T2DM. The 93 GI values for yogurt in the University of Sydney's GI database have a mean ± SD of 34 ± 13, and 92% of the yogurts are low-GI (≤55). The 43 plain yogurts in the database have a lower GI than the 50 sweetened yogurts, 27 ± 11 compared with 41 ± 11 (P < 0...
July 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604592/carbohydrates-from-sources-with-a-higher-glycemic-index-during-adolescence-is-evening-rather-than-morning-intake-relevant-for-risk-markers-of-type-2-diabetes-in-young-adulthood
#20
Tanja Diederichs, Christian Herder, Sarah Roßbach, Michael Roden, Stefan A Wudy, Ute Nöthlings, Ute Alexy, Anette E Buyken
This study investigated whether glycemic index (GI) or glycemic load (GL) of morning or evening intake and morning or evening carbohydrate intake from low- or higher-GI food sources (low-GI-CHO, higher-GI-CHO) during adolescence are relevant for risk markers of type 2 diabetes in young adulthood. Methods: Analyses included DOrtmund Nutritional and Anthropometric Longitudinally Designed (DONALD) study participants who had provided at least two 3-day weighed dietary records (median: 7 records) during adolescence and one blood sample in young adulthood...
June 10, 2017: Nutrients
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