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Low glycemic foods

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737859/association-between-dietary-glycemic-load-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-obese-children-and-adolescents
#1
Angela Cornejo-Monthedoro, Isel Negreiros-Sánchez, Carlos Del Águila, Marlit Ysla-Marquillo, Percy Mayta-Tristán
OBJETIVE: To study the association between the metabolic syndrome (MS) and the glycemic load (GL) of food intake among obese children and adolescents seen in consultation by the endocrinology team in a pediatric referral hospital in Lima, Peru. POPULATION AND METHOD: Cross-sectional study among obese children and adolescents (body mass index ≥ 95 percentile), 10-15 years old. The MS was classified according to criteria of the International Diabetes Federation...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702439/physiological-adaptations-induced-by-swimming-in-mice-fed-a-high-fat-diet
#2
Pedro Augusto Silva Nogueira, Miriam Pimenta Pereira, Jeferson José Gomes Soares, Anderson Ferraz Norton Filho, Izadora Mayumi Fujinami Tanimoto, Ivana Alice Teixeira Fonseca, Homero Oliveira Avelar, Francoise Vasconcelos Botelho, Leonardo Roever, Alexandre Antônio Vieira, Renata Graciele Zanon
This study examined physiological variables of animals fed with a high-fat diet (HFD) or with a normal diet (ND) subjected to swimming at low and moderate level. Over 16 weeks, a group of animals was fed with HFD or ND, and at the 8 weeks, they started swimming with 50% or 80% of the maximum load achieved in the progressive work test. Weekly, body weight and the amount of ingested food were registered. The glycemic level was measured at the beginning, middle and at the end of the experiment. Adipose tissue, gastrocnemius muscles and hearts were collected for morphometry...
June 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674850/enhanced-mannitol-biosynthesis-by-the-fruit-origin-strain-fructobacillus-tropaeoli-crl-2034
#3
Luciana G Ruiz Rodríguez, Kadri Aller, Elena Bru, Luc De Vuyst, Elvira M Hébert, Fernanda Mozzi
Mannitol is a natural low-calorie sugar alcohol produced by certain (micro)organisms applicable in foods for diabetics due to its zero glycemic index. In this work, we evaluated mannitol production and yield by the fruit origin strain Fructobacillus tropaeoli CRL 2034 using response surface methodology with central composite design (CCD) as optimization strategy. The effect of the total saccharide (glucose + fructose, 1:2) content (TSC) in the medium (75, 100, 150, 200, and 225 g/l) and stirring (S; 50, 100, 200, 300 and 350 rpm) on mannitol production and yield by this strain was evaluated by using a 2(2) full-factorial CCD with 4 axial points (α = 1...
July 3, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660239/factors-influencing-diabetes-self-management-among-medically-underserved-patients-with-type-ii-diabetes
#4
Jimmy Reyes, Toni Tripp-Reimer, Edith Parker, Brandi Muller, Helena Laroche
In this study, researchers compare and contrast issues regarding diabetes self-management between persons in good versus poor glycemic control. The sample comprises low-income racially diverse adults with diabetes from four mid-western community health centers; 44 patients participated in eight focus groups divided by control status (HbA1c of > 9 [uncontrolled] or < 7 [controlled]). Themes common to both groups included the impact of dietary restrictions on social interactions, food cravings, the impact of mental health on self-management, and the importance of formal and informal (friends and family) support...
January 2017: Global Qualitative Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615381/yogurt-is-a-low-glycemic-index-food
#5
REVIEW
Thomas Ms Wolever
High yogurt intake is associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). Although several mechanisms could explain this association, this paper addresses the glycemic and insulinemic impact of yogurt. There is evidence that low-glycemic index (GI) and low-glycemic load (GL) diets are associated with a reduced risk of T2DM. The 93 GI values for yogurt in the University of Sydney's GI database have a mean ± SD of 34 ± 13, and 92% of the yogurts are low-GI (≤55). The 43 plain yogurts in the database have a lower GI than the 50 sweetened yogurts, 27 ± 11 compared with 41 ± 11 (P < 0...
July 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604592/carbohydrates-from-sources-with-a-higher-glycemic-index-during-adolescence-is-evening-rather-than-morning-intake-relevant-for-risk-markers-of-type-2-diabetes-in-young-adulthood
#6
Tanja Diederichs, Christian Herder, Sarah Roßbach, Michael Roden, Stefan A Wudy, Ute Nöthlings, Ute Alexy, Anette E Buyken
This study investigated whether glycemic index (GI) or glycemic load (GL) of morning or evening intake and morning or evening carbohydrate intake from low- or higher-GI food sources (low-GI-CHO, higher-GI-CHO) during adolescence are relevant for risk markers of type 2 diabetes in young adulthood. Methods: Analyses included DOrtmund Nutritional and Anthropometric Longitudinally Designed (DONALD) study participants who had provided at least two 3-day weighed dietary records (median: 7 records) during adolescence and one blood sample in young adulthood...
June 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587476/do-the-new-fda-guidance-documents-help-improving-performance-of-blood-glucose-monitoring-systems-compared-with-iso-15197
#7
Guido Freckmann, Annette Baumstark, Stefan Pleus
Recently, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) published guidance documents for point-of-care testing (POCT) and over-the-counter (OTC) blood glucose monitoring systems (BGMS). These are expected to improve weaknesses of the already established ISO 15197:2013 standard accuracy evaluation for OTC BGMS; however, the proposed criteria and procedures rather raise new questions. As an example, the OTC guidance stipulates tighter accuracy criteria in the low glycemic range than the POCT guidance for no obvious reason...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559599/the-development-of-low-glycemic-index-cookie-bars-from-foxtail-millet-setaria-italica-arrowroot-maranta-arundinacea-flour-and-kidney-beans-phaseolus-vulgaris
#8
Lily Arsanti Lestari, Emy Huriyati, Yustinus Marsono
Wholegrain foods are becoming increasingly popular as a high fiber dietary supplement recommended for people with diabetes. In Indonesia, the incidence of diabetes mellitus has almost doubled recently and poses a significant health risk with the high prevalence of obesity and cardiovascular diseases. The present research aimed to develop cookie bars from foxtail millet, arrowroot flour, and kidney beans. The physical, chemical, and sensory properties were evaluated by selecting the best formula to test the glycemic index...
May 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513546/edible-plants-and-their-influence-on-the-gut-microbiome-and-acne
#9
REVIEW
Ashley K Clark, Kelly N Haas, Raja K Sivamani
Acne vulgaris affects most people at some point in their lives. Due to unclear etiology, likely with multiple factors, targeted and low-risk treatments have yet to be developed. In this review, we explore the multiple causes of acne and how plant-based foods and supplements can control these. The proposed causative factors include insulin resistance, sex hormone imbalances, inflammation and microbial dysbiosis. There is an emerging body of work on the human gut microbiome and how it mediates feedback between the foods we eat and our bodies...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490113/mitigating-the-in-vitro-enzymatic-digestibility-of-noodles-by-aqueous-extracts-of-malay-cherry-leaves
#10
Yan Zhang, Xiaonan Sui, Dejian Huang
Aqueous extracts of Malay cherry leaves was incorporated into wheat, rice, tapioca, and potato flours with the purpose to formulate noodles with slow digestibility. In vitro digestion studies of these noodle prototypes were carried out to evaluate their digestibility under simulated gastrointestinal conditions. Upon incorporation of 2-8% of aqueous extracts, all four different types of noodles exhibited dose dependency with varying degree of digestibility. The greatest reduction in digestibility was observed in 8% tapioca noodles (69...
October 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422059/mismatch-between-probiotic-benefits-in-trials-versus-food-products
#11
Mary J Scourboutakos, Beatriz Franco-Arellano, Sarah A Murphy, Sheida Norsen, Elena M Comelli, Mary R L'Abbé
Probiotic food products contain a variety of different bacterial strains and may offer different health effects. The objective was to document the prevalence and dosage of probiotic strains in the Canadian food supply and to review the literature investigating these strains in order to understand what health benefits these products may offer. The Food Label Information Program was used to identify probiotic-containing products in the food supply. PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase were searched for randomized controlled trials that tested the health effects of these strains in humans...
April 19, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416368/nutritional-management-in-women-with-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-a-review-study
#12
REVIEW
Zeinab Faghfoori, Siavash Fazelian, Mahdi Shadnoush, Reza Goodarzi
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is endocrine disorder in women of reproductive age, which leads to reproductive, hormonal and metabolic abnormalities. Due to the presence of insulin resistance, PCOS increases the risk of chronic diseases like type 2 diabetes, hypertension, lipid disorders, cardiovascular diseases and malignancies such as breast and endometrial cancer. The actual cause of this syndrome is unknown but environmental factors such as dietary habits play an important role in prevention and treatment and lifestyle modifications are the most important therapeutic strategies in these patients...
April 5, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406437/low-glycemic-index-prototype-isomaltulose-update-of-clinical-trials
#13
REVIEW
Constanze Christin Maresch, Sebastian Friedrich Petry, Stephan Theis, Anja Bosy-Westphal, Thomas Linn
Low glycemic index diets are supposed to achieve a more beneficial effect on blood glucose control in people with diabetes mellitus and may also provide metabolic benefits for the general population. A prototype of a low-glycemic index carbohydrate is the natural occurring disaccharide isomaltulose that can be commercially produced from sucrose (beet sugar) to industrial scale. It is currently used in various food and drink applications as well as special and clinical nutrition feeds and formula diet as a food ingredient and alternative sugar...
April 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405345/lower-glycemic-load-meals-reduce-diurnal-glycemic-oscillations-in-women-with-risk-factors-for-gestational-diabetes
#14
Nathalie V Kizirian, Janina Goletzke, Shannon Brodie, Fiona S Atkinson, Tania P Markovic, Glynis P Ross, Anette Buyken, Jennie P Brand-Miller
OBJECTIVE: Maternal glycemia plays a key role in fetal growth. We hypothesized that lower glycemic load (GL) meals (lower glycemic index, modestly lower carbohydrate) would substantially reduce day-long glucose variability in women at risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: A crossover study of 17 women (mean±SD age 34.8±4 years; gestational weeks 29.3±1.3; body mass index 23.8±4.7 kg/m(2)) who consumed a low GL or a high GL diet in random order, 1-day each, over 2 consecutive days...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405340/association-of-physiological-and-psychological-health-outcomes-with-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#15
Jeanette M Garcia, Daniel Cox, David J Rice
PURPOSE: To examine the association between change in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and sedentary behavior (SB) over a 6-month period with physiological and psychological factors in adults with type 2 diabetes (T2D). METHODS: Participants included 26 middle-aged (mean age=56.1±10.8 years; 42% women), overweight/obese (mean body mass index (BMI) =37.22±8.78 kg/m(2)) adults who had been diagnosed with T2D within the past 5 years (mean HbA1c=7...
2017: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399076/effects-of-a-10-day-intensive-health-promotion-program-combining-diet-and-physical-activity-on-body-composition-physical-fitness-and-blood-factors-of-young-adults-a-randomized-pilot-study
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Kyoung Soon Lee, Jae Koo Lee, Young Ran Yeun
BACKGROUND A lifestyle characterized by poor eating habits and physical inactivity is a risk factor for multiple lifestyle diseases in young adults. This study assessed the effects of implementing an intensive 10-day health promotion program combining diet and physical activities on body composition, physical fitness, and biochemical parameters of young adults. MATERIAL AND METHODS In this randomized pilot study, 30 female undergraduate students were randomly allocated to an intervention and a control group...
April 11, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392166/legume-consumption-is-inversely-associated-with-type-2-diabetes-incidence-in-adults-a-prospective-assessment-from-the-predimed-study
#17
Nerea Becerra-Tomás, Andrés Díaz-López, Núria Rosique-Esteban, Emilio Ros, Pilar Buil-Cosiales, Dolores Corella, Ramon Estruch, Montserrat Fitó, Lluís Serra-Majem, Fernando Arós, Rosa Maria Lamuela-Raventós, Miquel Fiol, José Manuel Santos-Lozano, Javier Díez-Espino, Olga Portoles, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Legumes, a low-energy, nutrient-dense and low glycemic index food, have shown beneficial effects on glycemic control and adiposity. As such, legumes are widely recommended in diabetic diets, even though there is little evidence that their consumption protects against type 2 diabetes. Therefore the aim of the present study was to examine the associations between consumption of total legumes and specific subtypes, and type 2 diabetes risk. We also investigated the effect of theoretically substituting legumes for other protein- or carbohydrate-rich foods...
March 24, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28356276/dietary-intake-and-adipose-tissue-content-of-long-chain-n-3-pufas-and-subsequent-5-y-change-in-body-weight-and-waist-circumference
#18
Marianne U Jakobsen, Lise Madsen, Flemming Skjøth, Tina L Berentzen, Jytte Halkjær, Anne Tjønneland, Erik B Schmidt, Thorkild Ia Sørensen, Karsten Kristiansen, Kim Overvad
Background: Adding long-chain n-3 (ω-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) to a rodent diet reduces fat mass and prevents the development of obesity, but evidence of a similar effect in humans is rather limited.Objectives: We investigated the associations between dietary intake and adipose tissue content of long-chain n-3 PUFAs and subsequent 5-y change in body weight and waist circumference in humans. Effect modification by the carbohydrate:protein ratio and glycemic index was also investigated.Design: A total of 29,152 participants included in the Diet, Cancer, and Health cohort were followed...
May 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338063/greater-postprandial-glucose-excursions-and-inadequate-nutrient-intake-in-youth-with-type-1-diabetes-and-celiac-disease
#19
Anna Pham-Short, Kim C Donaghue, Geoffrey Ambler, Sarah Garnett, Maria E Craig
The gluten free diet (GFD) has a high glycemic index and low-fiber content, which potentially influences glycemic excursions in type 1 diabetes (T1D) and celiac disease (CD). Participants in this case-control study of youth with T1D+CD (n = 10) and T1D only (n = 7) wore blinded continuous glucose monitoring systems for six days. Blood glucose levels (BGLs) were compared between groups for each meal, including pre-meal, peak, 2-hour postprandial and time-to-peak. Participants consumed a test-breakfast of GF cereal and milk for three days and kept weighed food diaries; nutrient intake was analyzed and compared to national recommendations...
March 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333086/the-effect-of-a-breakfast-rich-in-slowly-digestible-starch-on-glucose-metabolism-a-statistical-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
REVIEW
Sophie Vinoy, Alexandra Meynier, Aurélie Goux, Nathalie Jourdan-Salloum, Sylvie Normand, Rémi Rabasa-Lhoret, Olivier Brack, Julie-Anne Nazare, François Péronnet, Martine Laville
Starch digestibility may have an effect on the postprandial blood glucose profile. The aim of this meta-analysis was to analyze the relationship between Slowly Digestible Starch (SDS) levels and plasma glucose appearance and disappearance rates, as well as other parameters of glucose metabolism, after healthy subjects consumed cereal products that differed in SDS content. Three randomized controlled clinical trials that included a total of 79 subjects were identified. Using binary classification for the variables (high versus low levels, more than 12 g of SDS per portion, and less than 1 g of SDS per portion, respectively), we found that there was a 15-fold higher chance of having a low rate of appearance of exogenous glucose (RaE) after consumption of a high-SDS product...
March 23, 2017: Nutrients
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