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Low glycemic foods

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927976/metabolic-profiling-reveals-differences-in-plasma-concentrations-of-arabinose-and-xylose-after-consumption-of-fiber-rich-pasta-and-wheat-bread-with-differential-rates-of-systemic-appearance-of-exogenous-glucose-in-healthy-men
#1
Andre J Pantophlet, Suzan Wopereis, Coby Eelderink, Roel J Vonk, Johanna H Stroeve, Sabina Bijlsma, Leo van Stee, Ivana Bobeldijk, Marion G Priebe
BACKGROUND: The consumption of products rich in cereal fiber and with a low glycemic index is implicated in a lower risk of metabolic diseases. Previously, we showed that the consumption of fiber-rich pasta compared with bread resulted in a lower rate of appearance of exogenous glucose and a lower glucose clearance rate quantified with a dual-isotope technique, which was in accordance with a lower insulin and glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide response. OBJECTIVE: To gain more insight into the acute metabolic consequences of the consumption of products resulting in differential glucose kinetics, postprandial metabolic profiles were determined...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921432/-composition-of-macronutrients-in-the-diabetic-diet
#2
Zdeněk Rušavý, Michal Žourek
The diabetic diet is one of the pillars of diabetes treatment. The rapid development of knowledge relating to the treatment of diabetes also includes diet. The paper focuses on the importance of a diet in the treatment of type 2 diabetes and prevention of atherosclerosis. Its main goal is to assess the impact of a composition of macronutrients on individuals with type 2 diabetes. The paper is divided into several parts, each of which ends with a conclusion. The first part examines weight reduction. The diet aimed at a weight loss is effective, it can effectively prevent diabetes, it leads to improvements in glucose control and reduction of the risk factors for atherosclerosis, however it will not impact on cardiovascular morbidity and mortality until after more than 20 years...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921426/-gestational-diabetes-mellitus
#3
Hana Krejčí
The present generation of women of childbearing age more frequently suffer from overweight, obesity, initial as well as fully established metabolic syndrome, which together with postponing motherhood until the third decade in life plays an important role in the increasing incidence of gestational diabetes (GDM) that currently affects about 1/5 of pregnant women. However the causal link between diabetes during pregnancy and metabolic diseases in the whole population is mutual. By way of epigenetic changes, maternal diabetes unfavourably programmes metabolism of the offspring, who tend to transfer the disorder to the next generations...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904578/low-energy-density-diet-weight-loss-maintenance-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-disease-following-a-recent-weight-reduction-program-a-randomized-control-trial
#4
Golgis Karimi, Leila Azadbakht, Fahimeh Haghighatdoost, Ahmad Esmaillzadeh
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the effects of a low energy dense diet on weight maintenance and cardiovascular risks following a recent weight reduction. Therefore, we assessed if weight maintenance, lipid profiles, and glycemic control differ between low energy density (LED) diet and usual diet consumers following a recent weight reduction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomized controlled clinical trial study in a parallel design, we recruited 70 patients with the history of weight reduction in the recent 1 year...
2016: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903520/visceral-adiposity-and-metabolic-syndrome-after-very-high-fat-and-low-fat-isocaloric-diets-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Vivian L Veum, Johnny Laupsa-Borge, Øyvin Eng, Espen Rostrup, Terje H Larsen, Jan Erik Nordrehaug, Ottar K Nygård, Jørn V Sagen, Oddrun A Gudbrandsen, Simon N Dankel, Gunnar Mellgren
BACKGROUND: Different aspects of dietary pattern, including macronutrient and food profiles, may affect visceral fat mass and metabolic syndrome. OBJECTIVE: We hypothesized that consuming energy primarily from carbohydrate or fat in diets with similar food profiles would differentially affect the ability to reverse visceral adiposity and metabolic syndrome. DESIGN: Forty-six men (aged 30-50 y) with body mass index (in kg/m(2)) >29 and waist circumference >98 cm were randomly assigned to a very high-fat, low-carbohydrate (VHFLC; 73% of energy fat and 10% of energy carbohydrate) or low-fat, high-carbohydrate (LFHC; 30% of energy fat and 53% of energy carbohydrate) diet for 12 wk...
November 30, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27854513/child-care-exposure-influences-childhood-adiposity-at-2-years-analysis-from-the-rolo-study
#6
Helena Scully, Goiuri Alberdi, Ricardo Segurado, Aoife McNamara, Karen Lindsay, Mary Horan, Eilis Hennessy, Eileen Gibney, Fionnuala McAuliffe
BACKGROUND: The first 2 years of life are instrumental for childhood physical development. Factors contributing to childhood obesity are difficult to determine; child care exposure is one to consider, by influencing food preference and physical activity development. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association of child care exposure with adiposity at 2 years. METHODS: Data were collected as part of the secondary analysis of the prospective ROLO study (randomized control trial of low glycemic index diet) in Dublin, Ireland...
November 17, 2016: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804063/metformin-reduces-lipogenesis-markers-in-obese-mice-fed-a-low-carbohydrate-and-high-fat-diet
#7
Karla Nayara de Oliveira Santana, Deborah Farias Lelis, Keila Lopes Mendes, Jamille Fernandes Lula, Alanna Fernandes Paraíso, João Marcus Oliveira Andrade, John David Feltenberger, Junio Cota, Diego Vicente da Costa, Alfredo Mauricio Batista de Paula, André Luiz Sena Guimarães, Sérgio Henrique Sousa Santos
Lipogenesis is the process by which fatty acids are synthesized. In metabolic syndrome, an insulin resistant state along with high plasma levels of free fatty acids (FFA) and hyperglycemia may contribute to the lipogenic process. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of oral administration of metformin on the expression of lipogenic genes and glycemic profile in mice fed with low-carbohydrate high-fat diet by evaluating their metabolic profile. SWISS male mice were divided into 4 groups (N = 7) that were fed with standard (ST), standard plus metformin (ST + MET), low-carbohydrate high-fat diet (LCHFD) and low-carbohydrate high-fat diet plus metformin (LCHFD + MET) (100 mg kg(-1) diet) diets respectively...
December 2016: Lipids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779892/examining-diet-related-care-practices-among-adults-with-type-2-diabetes-a-focus-on-glycemic-index-choices
#8
Hayford M Avedzi, Nonsikelelo Mathe, Stephanie Bearman, Kate Storey, Jeffrey A Johnson, Steven T Johnson
We examined self-care dietary practices and usual intakes among adults with Type 2 diabetes in Alberta, Canada, using data from the Healthy Eating and Active Living for Diabetes study. Participants completed a modified Fat/Sugar/Fruit/Vegetable Screener and answered questions about the number of days per week they followed specific diabetes self-care dietary recommendations. Capillary blood samples were collected to assess glycemic control measured by hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). ANOVA was used to examine differences in dietary self-care, intakes, and glycemic control across categories of days/week of practicing recommended dietary behaviour...
October 25, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754766/the-effects-of-different-high-protein-low-carbohydrates-proprietary-foods-on-blood-sugar-in-healthy-subjects
#9
Alessandra Lodi, Bettina Karsten, Gerardo Bosco, Manuel Gómez-López, Paula Paraguassú Brandão, Antonino Bianco, Antonio Paoli
: The aim of this study was to analyze the effects on blood sugar concentrations through the calculation of the glycemic score (GS) of 10 different high-protein low-carbohydrates (CHOs) proprietary foods that are commonly used as meals during very low-CHO ketogenic diets or during low-CHO diets. Fourteen healthy females were tested for their glycemic response curve elicited by 1000 kJ of glucose three times within a 3-week period (one test each week) compared with one of 10 test foods once on separate days twice a week...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27752491/effect-of-wheat-flour-noodles-with-bombyx-mori-powder-on-glycemic-response-in-healthy-subjects
#10
Wanhee Suk, JiEun Kim, Do-Yeon Kim, Hyunjung Lim, Ryowon Choue
Recent trial results suggest that the consumption of a low glycemic index (GI) diet is beneficial in the prevention of high blood glucose levels. Identifying active hypoglycemic substances in ordinary foods could be a significant benefit to the management of blood glucose. It has been hypothesized that noodles with Bombyx mori powder are a low GI food. We evaluated GI and changes in postprandial glucose levels following consumption of those noodles and compared them with those following consumption of plain wheat flour noodles (control) and glucose (reference) in healthy subjects...
September 2016: Preventive Nutrition and Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733400/dietary-glycemic-index-glycemic-load-and-refined-carbohydrates-are-associated-with-risk-of-stroke-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-urban-chinese-women
#11
Danxia Yu, Xianglan Zhang, Xiao-Ou Shu, Hui Cai, Honglan Li, Ding Ding, Zhen Hong, Yong-Bing Xiang, Yu-Tang Gao, Wei Zheng, Gong Yang
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic evidence on dietary carbohydrates and stroke risk remains controversial. Very few prospective cohort studies have been conducted in Asian populations, who usually consume a high-carbohydrate diet and have a high burden of stroke. OBJECTIVE: We examined dietary glycemic index (GI), glycemic load (GL), and intakes of refined and total carbohydrates in relation to risks of total, ischemic, and hemorrhagic stroke and stroke mortality. DESIGN: This study included 64,328 Chinese women, aged 40-70 y, with no history of cardiovascular disease, diabetes, or cancer...
November 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27718762/low-carbohydrate-diet-is-associated-with-reduced-risk-of-metabolic-syndrome-in-tehranian-adults
#12
Parvin Mirmiran, Golaleh Asghari, Hossein Farhadnejad, Ghazaleh Eslamian, Firoozeh Hosseini-Esfahani, Fereidoun Azizi
This cohort study was conducted to examine the association of low carbohydrate diet (LCD) score with risk of incident metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components after 3.6 years of follow-up in 2044 healthy adults within framework of the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study. The LCD was calculated according to intakes of carbohydrate, monounsaturated fatty acids, refined grains, vegetable protein, fiber, n3/n6 polyunsaturated fatty acids ratio and glycemic load (GL), using a food frequency questionnaire at baseline...
October 9, 2016: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649232/sustaining-effect-of-intensive-nutritional-intervention-combined-with-health-education-on-dietary-behavior-and-plasma-glucose-in-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients
#13
Rui Fan, Meihong Xu, Junbo Wang, Zhaofeng Zhang, Qihe Chen, Ye Li, Jiaojiao Gu, Xiaxia Cai, Qianying Guo, Lei Bao, Yong Li
Diabetes mellitus is very common in elderly Chinese individuals. Although nutritional intervention can provide a balanced diet, the sustaining effect on at-home dietary behavior and long-term plasma glucose control is not clear. Consequently, we conducted a long-term survey following one month of experiential nutritional intervention combined with health education. Based on the Dietary Guidelines for a Chinese Resident, we found that the food items met the recommended values, the percentages of energy provided from fat, protein, and carbohydrate were more reasonable after one year...
September 13, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627075/-changes-in-nutritional-recommendations-for-a-healthy-population-and%C3%A2-their-influence-on-a-diabetic-diet
#14
Michal Anděl, Ludmila Brunerová, Pavel Dlouhý, Jan Polák, Jan Gojda, Pavel Kraml
UNLABELLED: Recently, thousands of papers brought knowledge about effects of nutrients on cellular level, in experimental animals and in human experiments on one side, the results of epidemiological studies on the other side have suggested the nutrients and foods for healthy diet and nutrients and foods, which should be consumed only in limited amount. Among foods, which should be avoided, those with higher content of trans-fatty acids. Their daily intake should not exceed 1 % of total energy intake...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27605962/the-concept-of-low-glycemic-index-and-glycemic-load-foods-as-panacea-for-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-prospects-challenges-and-solutions
#15
Chinedum Ogbonnaya Eleazu
BACKGROUND: This article examines the concepts of low glycemic indices (GIs) and glycemic load (GL) foods as key drivers in the dietary management of type 2 diabetes as well as their shortcomings. The controversies arising from the analysis of glycemic index (GI) and GL of foods such as their reproducibility as well as their relevance to the dietary management of type 2 diabetes are also discussed. METHODS: Search was conducted in relevant electronic databases such as: Pubmed, Google Scholar, HINARI, the Cochrane library, Popline, LILACS, CINAHL, EMBASE, etc to identify the current status of knowledge regarding the controversies surrounding management of diabetes with low GI and GL foods...
June 2016: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598983/low-glycemic-index-diet-reduces-body-fat-and-attenuates-inflammatory-and-metabolic-responses-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#16
Júnia Maria Geraldo Gomes, Sabrina Pinheiro Fabrini, Rita de Cássia Gonçalves Alfenas
Objective: The aim of this study was to verify the effects of glycemic index (GI) on body composition, and on inflammatory and metabolic markers concentrations in patients with type 2 diabetes. Subjects and methods: In this randomized controlled parallel trial, twenty subjects (aged 42.4 ± 5.1 years, BMI 29.2 ± 4.8 kg.m-2) were allocated to low GI (LGI) (n = 10) or high GI (HGI) (n = 10) groups. Body composition, inflammatory and metabolic markers were assessed at baseline and after 30 days of intervention...
September 5, 2016: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595215/stages-of-change-concept-of-the-transtheoretical-model-for-healthy-eating-links-health-literacy-and-diabetes-knowledge-to-glycemic-control-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes
#17
Hsu-Min Tseng, Shu-Fen Liao, Yu-Ping Wen, Yuh-Jue Chuang
AIMS: Health literacy has been recognized as a key construct associated with clinical outcomes; however, few studies have explored the mechanism underlying the association. The transtheoretical model (TTM) has long been considered a useful conceptualization in the process of intentional behavior change. Stages of change lies at the heart of the TTM as studies of change have found that people move through a series of stages when modifying behavior. This study focuses on the role of knowledge and stages of change (SOC) as serial mediators linking health literacy to glycemic control...
August 29, 2016: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27562982/new-approaches-to-feline-diabetes-mellitus-glucagon-like-peptide-1-analogs
#18
REVIEW
Chen Gilor, Adam J Rudinsky, Melanie J Hall
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Incretin-based therapies are revolutionizing the field of human diabetes mellitus (DM) by replacing insulin therapy with safer and more convenient long-acting drugs. MECHANISM OF ACTION: Incretin hormones (glucagon-like peptide-1 [GLP-1] and glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide [GIP]) are secreted from the intestinal tract in response to the presence of food in the intestinal lumen. GLP-1 delays gastric emptying and increases satiety. In the pancreas, GLP-1 augments insulin secretion and suppresses glucagon secretion during hyperglycemia in a glucose-dependent manner...
September 2016: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27549354/the-glycemic-response-to-fibre-rich-foods-and-their-relationship-with-gastric-emptying-and-motor-functions-an-mri-study
#19
R Gopirajah, Keshav Prakash Raichurkar, Rajkumar Wadhwa, C Anandharamakrishnan
The chief motor functions of human stomach, namely receiving, storing, mixing and emptying, influence the absorption of ingested food and hence determine the glycemic response to the meal. However, among these functions, the gastric emptying pattern of the stomach is essentially regulated by the meal characteristics such as particle size, volume, nutrient composition and viscosity. Understanding the complex relationship between the stomach motor functions and the physicochemical characteristics of meal on glycemic control needs more attention in the formulation of functional foods...
September 14, 2016: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546328/assessment-of-glycemic-load-and-intake-of-carbohydrates-in-the-diet-of-wroclaw-medical-university-students-poland
#20
Dorota Różańska, Anna Kawicka, Klaudia Konikowska, Agnieszka Salomon, Katarzyna Zatońska, Andrzej Szuba, Bożena Regulska-Ilow
BACKGROUND: Glycemic Load (GL) is one of the indicators that can be used to assess the nutritional value of the diet. The results of numerous studies have shown that high glycemic index and/or high GL diets were associated with increased risk for type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and cancer. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate dietary GL, intake of food products which are source of carbohydrates and contribution of particular carbohydrates in students' diets...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
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