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Purnima Menon, Phuong Hong Nguyen, Kuntal Kumar Saha, Adiba Khaled, Andrew Kennedy, Lan Mai Tran, Tina Sanghvi, Nemat Hajeebhoy, Jean Baker, Silvia Alayon, Kaosar Afsana, Raisul Haque, Edward A Frongillo, Marie T Ruel, Rahul Rawat
BACKGROUND: Despite recommendations supporting optimal breastfeeding, the number of women practicing exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) remains low, and few interventions have demonstrated implementation and impact at scale. Alive & Thrive was implemented over a period of 6 y (2009-2014) and aimed to improve breastfeeding practices through intensified interpersonal counseling (IPC), mass media (MM), and community mobilization (CM) intervention components delivered at scale in the context of policy advocacy (PA) in Bangladesh and Viet Nam...
October 2016: PLoS Medicine
Lin Yan, Yi Li, Jiang-Tao Tang, Yun-Fei An, Li-Mei Luo, Bo Dai, Yun-Ying Shi, Lan-Lan Wang
OBJECTIVE: A genome-wide association study has identified several gene polymorphisms associated with loss of renal function. The effect of these variants on renal function in kidney transplant recipients receiving immunosuppressive treatment is unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cohort of 189 kidney transplant recipients and their living donors were recruited from West China Hospital of Sichuan University, on whom we assessed the association of five single nucleotide polymorphisms with renal function after kidney transplantation...
October 24, 2016: Pharmacogenetics and Genomics
Zhenchuan Niu, Weijian Zhou, Peng Cheng, Shugang Wu, Xuefeng Lu, Xiaohu Xiong, Hua Du, Yunchong Fu
Six months to more than one year of atmospheric Δ14CO2 were measured in 2014-2015 at one global background site in Waliguan (WLG) and four regional background sites at Shangdianzi (SDZ), Lin'an (LAN), Longfengshan (LFS) and Luhuitou (LHT), China. The objectives of the study are to document the Δ14CO2 background levels at each site and to trace the variations in fossil fuel CO2 (CO2ff) inputs at regional background sites. Δ14CO2 at WLG varied from 7.1±2.9‰ to 32.0±3.2‰ (average 17.1±6.8‰) in 2015, with high values generally in autumn/summer and low values in winter/spring...
October 25, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
Nguyen Huu Hoang, Nguyen Lan Huong, Byul Kim, Jae Kyung Sohng, Yeo Joon Yoon, Je Won Park
A high-performance liquid chromatography with electrospray ionization ion trap tandem mass spectrometry method was developed and validated for the robust profiling and characterization of biosynthetic congeners in the 2-deoxy-aminocyclitol istamycin pathway, from the fermentation broth of Streptomyces tenjimariensis ATCC 31603. Gradient elution on an Acquity CSH C18 column was performed with a gradient of 5 mM aqueous pentafluoropropionic acid and 50% acetonitrile. Sixteen natural istamycin congeners were profiled and quantified in descending order; istamycin A, istamycin B, istamycin A0 , istamycin B0 , istamycin B1 , istamycin A1 , istamycin C, istamycin A2 , istamycin C1 , istamycin C0 , istamycin X0 , istamycin A3 , istamycin Y0 , istamycin B3 , and istamycin FU-10 plus istamycin AP...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
Phuc Van Pham, Ngoc Bich Vu, Thuy Thi-Thanh Dao, Ha Thi-Ngan Le, Lan Thi Phi, Ngoc Kim Phan
Endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) play an important role in angiogenesis. However, they exist in limited numbers in the human body. This study was aimed to produce EPCs, for autologous transplantation, using direct reprogramming of skin fibroblasts under GMP-compliant conditions. Fibroblasts were collected and cultured from the skin in DMEM/F12 medium supplemented with 5% activated platelet-rich plasma and 1% antibiotic-antimycotic solution. They were then transfected with mRNA ETV2 and incubated in culture medium under hypoxia (5% oxygen) for 14 d...
October 24, 2016: In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology. Animal
Yong-Chao Qiao, Jian Shen, Lan He, Xue-Zhi Hong, Fang Tian, Yan-Hong Pan, Ling Liang, Xiao-Xi Zhang, Hai-Lu Zhao
Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes of regulatory T cells (Treg), interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-10, transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Methods. We performed a comprehensive search up to July 2016 for all clinical studies about the changes of Treg, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17, TGF-β, and TNF-α in T2DM patients versus healthy controls. Results. A total of 91 articles (5642 cases and 7378 controls) were included for this meta-analysis...
2016: Journal of Diabetes Research
Manyu Lan, Yaoqiu Kuang
The impact of women's education on fertility is of interest to researchers, particularly in China. However, few studies have provided well-founded assessments of how women's education, workforce experience, and birth control policy jointly affect fertility in China. This study, conducted in Guangdong Province, aimed to analyze how these three factors influenced the timing of births and affected women at different stages of their reproductive lives. We used census data for Guangdong Province (1990, 2000, and 2010) to make cross-sectional age-specific comparisons to examine the effects of women's education and workforce participation on fertility outcomes under China's One Child Policy...
2016: SpringerPlus
Junli Yue, Dongzhe Song, Wanlu Lu, Ying Lu, Wei Zhou, Xuelian Tan, Lan Zhang, Dingming Huang
INTRODUCTION: microRNAs (miRNAs) have been identified to be closely related to inflammatory diseases. The aim of our study was to identify expression profiles of miRNAs associated with inflammation in apical periodontitis (AP) lesions and human periodontal ligament fibroblasts (HPDLFs) inflammation. METHODS: Total RNAs were extracted from 10 AP lesions, 6 control tissues, and HPDLFs using lysis buffer. Expressions of miRNAs (miR-29b, 106b, 125b, 143, 155, and 198) were detected by real-time polymerase chain reaction...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Endodontics
Nicholas W Sterling, Guangwei Du, Mechelle M Lewis, Steven Swavely, Lan Kong, Martin Styner, Xuemei Huang
Cortical atrophy has been documented in both Parkinson's disease (PD) and healthy aging, but its relationship to changes in subcortical white matter is unknown. This was investigated by obtaining T1- and diffusion-weighted images from 76 PD and 70 controls at baseline and 18 and 36 months, from which cortical volumes and underlying subcortical white matter axial diffusivity (AD), radial diffusivity (RD), and fractional anisotropy (FA) were determined. Twelve of 69 cortical subregions had significant group differences, and for these, underlying subcortical white matter was explored...
September 28, 2016: Neurobiology of Aging
Zhihong Hu, L Jeffrey Medeiros, Zi Chen, Weina Chen, Shaoying Li, Sergej N Konoplev, Xinyan Lu, Lan V Pham, Ken H Young, Wei Wang, Shimin Hu
MYC rearrangement in mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is rare, and its clinicopathologic significance is not well defined. We report 17 cases of MCL with 8q24/MYC rearrangement, detected at the time of initial diagnosis of MCL in 10 patients and subsequently during the clinical course in 7 patients. There were 12 men and 5 women with a median age of 61 years (range, 49 to 81 y). Fourteen patients had lymphadenopathy (Ann Arbor stage III/IV), and 3 patients presented with a leukemic pattern without lymphadenopathy...
October 21, 2016: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
Johnny Phong Do, Min Xu, Seung-Hee Lee, Wei-Cheng Chang, Siyu Zhang, Shinjae Chung, Tyler J Yung, Jiang Lan Fan, Kazunari Miyamichi, Liqun Luo, Yang Dan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 24, 2016: ELife
Feng Wang, Minhuan Lan, Wai-Pong To, Kai Li, Chun-Nam Lok, Pengfei Wang, Chi-Ming Che
We report an amphiphilic macromolecule containing a cyclometalated gold(iii) complex that self-assembles into nano-sized micelles and also displays a long-lived emissive triplet excited state with a lifetime of 84 μs in degassed water. This amphiphilic Au(III) complex exhibits good biocompatibility and activity towards in vitro photo-toxicity, as well as enhanced permeability and retention effects in vivo.
October 24, 2016: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Wenjing Yang, Xianguo Fu, Juan Liao, Xiaoyan Guo, Fenghua Lan
Objective To construct a eukaryotic expression vector of human fragile X mental retardation 1 (FMR1) gene and establish stably transfected HeLa cells. Methods The full-length FMR1 cDNA fragment was amplified by PCR and inserted into eukaryotic expression vector pEGFP-N2 using restriction enzyme. The recombinant plasmid pEGFP-N2-FMR1, after identified by restriction digestion and DNA sequencing, was transfected into HeLa cells by lipofectamine 2000. The stably transfected cell line was obtained by screening with G418...
November 2016: Xi Bao Yu Fen Zi Mian Yi Xue za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Cellular and Molecular Immunology
Anupam Priyadarshi, Sandip Mandal, S Lan Smith, Hidekatsu Yamazaki
We develop moment closure approximations to represent micro-scale spatial variability in the concentrations of nutrients (N), phytoplankton (P) and zooplankton (Z) in an NPZ model, which we apply to examine the impact of different levels of micro-scale variability on both ecosystem dynamics and trophic transfer. Accounting explicitly for both the mean-field and fluctuating components of each prognostic variable in the NPZ model yields different dynamics for the mean-field concentrations, as well as lower phytoplankton biomass and greater zooplankton biomass, compared to the conventional NPZ model without micro-scale variability...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Theoretical Biology
Fang Lan, Shaohua Ma, Jin Ma, Qi Yang, Qiangying Yi, Yao Wu, Zhongwei Gu
A combination strategy of moderate self-polymerization and assembly technique was proposed to fabricate superparamagnetic surface imprinted nanocomposites (SSINs) for efficient protein recognition. Homogeneous Fe3O4/Poly (methyl methacrylate) (PMMA)/Poly (dihydroxyphenylacetic acid) (PDOPA) SSINs were obtained via self-polymerization of DOPA on the surface of Fe3O4/PMMA nanospheres in the presence of lysozyme (Lyz) as a template. The Lyz-imprinted Fe3O4/PMMA/PDOPA SSINs possessed average diameters of 200nm, high magnetic content, high saturation magnetization, as well as excellent specific recognition capacity toward Lyz template, exhibiting their great potential for biomacromolecular recognition...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Jilei Zhang, Jingjing Su, Mengxing Wang, Ying Zhao, Qian Yao, Qiting Zhang, Haifeng Lu, Hui Zhang, Shuo Wang, Ge-Fei Li, Yi-Lan Wu, Feng-Di Liu, Yan-Hui Shi, Jianqi Li, Jian-Ren Liu, Xiaoxia Du
BACKGROUND: The precuneus/posterior cingulate cortex, which has been associated with pain sensitivity, plays a pivotal role in the default mode network. However, information regarding migraine-related alterations in resting-state brain functional connectivity in the default mode network and in local regional spontaneous neuronal activity is not adequate. METHODS: This study used functional magnetic resonance imaging to acquire resting-state scans in 22 migraineurs without aura and in 22 healthy matched controls...
December 2016: Journal of Headache and Pain
Xiaosheng He, Xutao Lin, Muyan Cai, Dejun Fan, Xiuting Chen, Lei Wang, Xiaojian Wu, Ping Lan, Jianping Wang
Cytoplasmic polyadenylation element-binding protein 4 (CPEB4), a zinc-finger-containing sequence-specific RNA-binding protein, has been associated with tumor proliferation, invasion, and migration. Expression of CPEB4 and its prognostic significance in human colorectal cancer (CRC) have not been studied. The aim of the present study was to investigate expression of CPEB4 and its prognostic significance in CRC. Expression of CPEB4 in CRC tissues from two independent cohorts was examined by immunohistochemistry...
October 22, 2016: Virchows Archiv: An International Journal of Pathology
Ling Zhang, Xiao-Lan Cao, Shi-Bin Wang, Wei Zheng, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Bao-Liang Zhong, Gang Wang, Yu-Tao Xiang
OBJECTIVE: This is a meta-analysis of the prevalence of bipolar disorders (BD) in the general population of China. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted via the following databases: PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), WanFang and SinoMed. Studies on the prevalence of BD in the general population in China were identified. Statistical analyses were performed using the Comprehensive Meta-Analysis program. RESULTS: Altogether 32 studies conducted between 1984 and 2013 with 470,411 participants met the inclusion criteria for the analysis; the median age was 44...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Z J Liu, T Q Lan, H Li, X Gao, H Zhang
The effect of sulfite pretreatment to overcome recalcitrance of lignocellulose (SPORL) on composition, structure, enzymatic hydrolysis and cellulase adsorption profiles of sugarcane bagasse (SCB) was investigated. SPORL gave a higher SCB hydrolysis yield (85.33%) compared to dilute acid pretreatment (DA) (64.39%). The SEM pictures showed that SPORL SCB structure became more disordered and looser, suggesting SPORL SCB was more accessible to cellulase. The zeta potential of SPORL SCB suspension (-21.89mV) was significantly different from that of DA SCB (-12...
October 15, 2016: Bioresource Technology
Shanzheng Lu, Ganggang Shi, Xiaoxi Xu, Grace Wang, Xu Lan, Peng Sun, Xiang Li, Baoren Zhang, Xiangying Gu, Thomas E Ichim, Hao Wang
BACKGROUND: The endometrial regenerative cell (ERC) is a novel type of adult mesenchymal stem cell isolated from menstrual blood. Previous studies demonstrated that ERCs possess unique immunoregulatory properties in vitro and in vivo, as well as the ability to differentiate into functional hepatocyte-like cells. For these reasons, the present study was undertaken to explore the effects of ERCs on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced acute liver injury (ALI). METHODS: An ALI model in C57BL/6 mice was induced by administration of intraperitoneal injection of CCl4...
October 22, 2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
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