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meningosepticum AND vancomycin

I-C Tai, T-P Liu, Y-J Chen, R-I Lien, C-Y Lee, Y-C Huang
Between March and May 2012, three neonates born at a regional maternity hospital developed Elizabethkingia meningoseptica (previously Chryseobacterium meningosepticum) sepsis with meningitis aged <10 days, and were treated successfully with intravenous ciprofloxacin plus vancomycin or piperacillin-tazobactam for three to six weeks. Four (16.6%) of 24 environmental specimens obtained from the nursery and delivery room were positive for this organism. All of the clinical isolates and two isolates from storage boxes for pacifiers and pacifier covers were genetically identical...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
Rajeev Soman, Umang Agrawal, Mitesh Suthar, Ketan Desai, Anjali Shetty
Elizabethkingia meningoseptica, formerly Chryseobacterium meningosepticum usually causes neonatal meningitis and is a rare cause of nosocomial meningitis in adults. E. meningoseptica is resistant to most antibiotics, and the use of inactive drugs as empirical therapy may contribute to poor outcome in many patients. Vancomycin, alone or in combination with rifampicin, has been successful in the treatment of meningitis in infants1. We present a case of E. meningoseptica meningitis in an adult who was treated initially with intravenous vancomycin and oral rifampicin, but did not respond to the treatment...
October 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Carly D'Agostino, Nathaniel J Rhodes, Erik Skoglund, Jason A Roberts, Marc H Scheetz
INTRODUCTION: We sought to describe a case of pharmacodynamically-optimized dosing of piperacillin-tazobactam in a patient that cleared their infections after treatment with high-dose, extended-infusion piperacillin-tazobactam and summarize the literature on the benefits of extended-infusion of beta-lactams. CASE REPORT: At an outside hospital, a 78 year-old male presented with fevers and shortness of breath. He was empirically initiated on standard doses of vancomycin and piperacillin-tazobactam for suspected pneumonia and sepsis...
October 2015: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
Konstantin Boroda, Li Li
Elizabethkingia meningosepticum (EM) is a saprophyte which is ubiquitous in nature, but not normally present in the human flora. Instances of infection are rare in the USA, but EM may be an emerging pathogen among immune-compromised patients. EM can cause a variety of infections, but nosocomial pneumonia and bacteremia have been the most commonly reported among immune-compromised adults. EM has proven difficult to treat with a mortality rate of 23%-41% in adult bacteremia. This is likely due to its resistance to commonly used empiric antibiotics for Gram-negative infections...
2014: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
Burcu Bayrak, Muzaffer Fıncanci, Umut Devrim Bınay, Cansu Çımen, Gülay Ulkü Özkantar Ünlügüneş
Elizabethkingia meningosepticum, a gram-negative opportunistic pathogen may cause life-threatening nosocomial infections especially in newborns and immunosuppressive patients. This bacterium has a peculiar antibiotic resistance profile. It is resistant to most of the antibiotics against gram-negative bacteria and susceptible to antibiotics that are used to treat gram-positive bacteria, such as vancomycin and trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole (SXT). For this reason appropriate treatment of E.meningosepticum infections are based on the proper identification of bacteria...
July 2014: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
V V Shailaja, Ashok Kumar Reddy, M Alimelu, L N R Sadanand
Clinical and microbiological profile of 9 neonates with meningitis by Elizabethkingia meningosepticum identified by 16S ribosomal gene sequencing was studied. All the clinical isolates were resistant to cephalosporins, aminoglycosides, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, β -lactam combinations, carbapenems and only one isolate was susceptible to ciprofloxacin. All the isolates were susceptible to vancomycin. Six of nine neonates died even after using vancomycin, based on susceptibility results. E. meningosepticum meningitis in neonates results in high mortality rate...
2014: International Journal of Pediatrics
Emmy Y Li, Vishal Jhanji
PURPOSE: To report the occurrence of massive lipid deposition in the cornea after Elizabethkingia meningoseptica keratitis. METHODS: A 52-year-old female presented to the ophthalmology outpatient department of the Hong Kong Eye Hospital in January 2012 with complaints of pain, redness, watering and blurred vision in her left eye for 6 days. Past records showed that the patient underwent radiotherapy for mucoepidermoid carcinoma of the maxillary antrum which was later complicated by radiotherpay associated dry eye syndrome in her left eye...
February 2014: Contact Lens & Anterior Eye: the Journal of the British Contact Lens Association
M Dias, K Prashant, R Pai, B Scaria
The Chryseobacterium species are inhabitants of soil and water. In the hospital environment, they exist in water systems and wet surfaces. We report here a case of Chryseobacterium meningosepticum bacteremia in a diabetic nephropathy patient on hemodialysis. He was successfully treated with Vancomycin and ceftazidime for three weeks with good clinical outcome. This is the first case reported in dialysis patients from India.
October 2010: Indian Journal of Nephrology
Adeleye I Adeyemi, Akanmu A Sulaiman, Bamiro B Solomon, Obosi A Chinedu, Inem A Victor
An investigation was carried out during October 2005-September 2006 to determine the prevalence of bloodstream infections in patients attending the outpatient department of the HIV/AIDS clinic at the Lagos University Teaching Hospital in Nigeria. Two hundred and one patients--86 males and 115 females--aged 14-65 years were recruited for the study. Serological diagnosis was carried out on them to confirm their HIV status. Their CD4 counts were done using the micromagnetic bead method. Twenty mL of venous blood sample collected from each patient was inoculated into a pair of Oxoid Signal blood culture bottles for 2-14 days...
August 2010: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
Thitima Lothuvachai, Khanchit Likittanasombat, Samaniya Milindankura, Amporn Sakulsaengprapha, Chagriya Kitiyakara
Chryseobacterium meningosepticum is a lactose-nonfermenting gram-negative bacilli ubiquitously found in the natural and hospital environment. Clinical infection caused by C. meningosepticum is very rare among healthy adults. We present the case of a patient with end-stage renal disease who developed purulent pericarditis with C. meningosepticum infection, which rapidly evolved into cardiac tamponade and death. To our knowledge, this is the first case in which C. meningosepticum caused fatal purulent pericarditis in a hemodialysis patient...
October 2006: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Nisel Ozkalay, Murat Anil, Neval Agus, Mehmet Helvaci, Seral Sirti
Chryseobacterium meningosepticum is a rare pathogen in cases of bacterial meningitis in adults and adolescents. We report on the case history of a 17-year-old boy with thalassemia major and meningitis and sepsis caused by C. meningosepticum in splenectomized. The patient received vancomycin therapy for 21 days and was discharged in a state of complete recovery.
August 2006: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Shalinie Perera, C Palasuntheram
BACKGROUND: Chryseobacterium species are Gram-negative bacteria with an unusual antibiotic profile. Chryseobacterium meningosepticum is the species most commonly encountered as a human pathogen. OBJECTIVES: To study the microbiological, clinical and therapeutic features of C. meningosepticum infections in patients on dialysis, at Sri Jayewardenepura General Hospital (Teaching) (SJGH), and to trace the source of infections. DESIGN: A retrospective descriptive study...
June 2004: Ceylon Medical Journal
Linhua Tan, Xiaonan Sun, Xiongkai Zhu, Zewei Zhang, Jianhua Li, Qiang Shu
BACKGROUND: The pattern of nosocomial pneumonia (NP) in infants in a pediatric surgical ICU after cardiac surgery may differ from that seen in adult ICUs. STUDY OBJECTIVES: The primary aim of this study was to describe the epidemiology of NP in infants after cardiac surgery and, secondarily, to describe the changes of the distribution and antibiotic resistance of the pathogen during the last 3 years. METHODS: Data were collected between June 1999 and June 2002 from 311 consecutive infants who underwent open-heart surgery in our hospital...
February 2004: Chest
Jeffrey T Kirby, Helio S Sader, Timothy R Walsh, Ronald N Jones
Limited data are available on Chryseobacterium spp. leading to an evaluation of the patient demographics and susceptibility patterns for Chryseobacterium spp. collected in the first 5 years of the SENTRY Antimicrobial Surveillance Program (1997 to 2001). Fifty isolates (24 Chryseobacterium meningosepticum, 20 Chryseobacterium indologenes, two Chryseobacterium gleum, and 4 Chryseobacterium spp. isolates) were collected. The highest Chryseobacterium prevalence was detected among the elderly. The most active antimicrobials were the newer quinolones (garenoxacin, gatifloxacin, and levofloxacin, each with a MIC at which 90 percent of the isolates are inhibited [MIC(90)] of 1 micro g/ml and 98...
January 2004: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Serdal Güngör, Metehan Ozen, Aysehan Akinci, Riza Durmaz
OBJECTIVE: To report epidemiologic, bacteriologic, and clinical features of a Chryseobacterium meningosepticum outbreak. DESIGN: Outbreak investigation. SETTING: A neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) of a referral teaching hospital. METHODS: During 2 weeks in September 2001, four neonates in the NICU developed sepsis and underwent laboratory investigation. Multiple samples were obtained for cultures from endotracheal tubes, mechanical ventilators and humidifier boxes, infant incubators, parenteral and antiseptic solutions, feeding bottles, sinks, faucets, doors, and healthcare workers...
August 2003: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
K S Seetha, I Bairy, P G Shivananda
In this study, we noticed a high incidence of bacteraemia in high-risk patients especially due to nonfermenter gram negative bacilli (NFGNB) and coagulase negative staphylococci (CoNS). Bacteraemia caused by some rare bacteria such as Moraxella spp., Aeromonas spp., Flavobacterium meningosepticum was also noted during the study. Antibiotic resistance pattern showed that many isolates were Multi Drug Resistant (MDR). This can be attributed to nosocomial-infection, which may occur due to more and more invasive procedures for diagnosis and therapy during long stay of patients in the hospital...
August 2002: Indian Journal of Medical Sciences
M S Tekerekoglu, R Durmaz, M Ayan, Z Cizmeci, A Akinci
The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiological and clinical features of an outbreak due to Chryseobacterium meningosepticum. During a 11-day period, the outbreak was observed among four newborns in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) in a teaching hospital. All patients yielded C. meningosepticum in their blood cultures, in addition one was colonised in the throat. Antimicrobial susceptibility assay showed complete resistance to penicillins, cephalosporins, aminoglycosides, imipenem, aztreonam, and tetracycline, sensitivity to ciprofloxacin and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole...
January 2003: New Microbiologica
G Gunnarsson, H Baldursson, I Hilmarsdottir
This is the first report of septic arthritis of the knee caused by Chryseobacterium meningosepticum. The infection was associated with a penetrating injury to the joint. The patient was cured by flushing of the joint and antibiotic treatment.
2002: Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Ronald N. Jones, Mary S. Barrett
The in vitro antimicrobial activity of SCH 27899 (everninomycin), a novel oligosaccharide compound of the everninomycin class, was compared with vancomycin, chloramphenicol, clinafloxacin, teicoplanin and doxycycline against 428 clinical strains of bacteria. Everninomycin base exhibited the greatest antimicrobial activity compared to other formulations against all strains tested (MIC90: 0.25 microg/ml) followed by clinafloxacin and teicoplanin (MIC90: 0.5 microg/ml), vancomycin (MIC90: 2 microg/ml), and doxycycline (MIC90: 16 microg/ml)...
September 1995: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
S N Hoque, J Graham, M E Kaufmann, S Tabaqchali
From September 1994 to May 1996, a strain of multi-resistant Chryseobacterium (Flavobacterium) meningosepticum was isolated from eight neonates on a neonatal intensive care unit. The strain was resistant to ampicillin, ceftazidime, imipenem, gentamicin, ciprofloxacin and trimethoprim-sulphamethoxazole, susceptible to piperacillin and amikacin, and had variable susceptibility to rifampicin and vancomycin. Two neonates were infected (one had pneumonia and one septicaemia and meningitis); the remaining six neonates were colonized in the respiratory secretions...
March 2001: Journal of Hospital Infection
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