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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538224/transcortical-sensory-aphasia-after-left-frontal-lobe-infarction-loss-of-functional-connectivity
#1
Miseon Kwon, Woo Hyun Shim, Sang-Joon Kim, Jong S Kim
BACKGROUND: The underlying mechanism of transcortical sensory aphasia (TSA) caused by lesions occurring in the left frontal lobe remains unclear. We attempted to investigate the mechanism with the use of functional MRI (fMRI). METHODS: We studied 2 patients with TSA after a left frontal infarction identified by diffusion-weighted MRI. As control subjects, a patient with transcortical motor aphasia and a healthy normal adult were chosen. The Korean version of Western Aphasia Battery was performed initially and at 3 months post stroke...
May 25, 2017: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535638/-application-of-long-term-video-electroencephalogram-and-resting-state-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-detection-of-cognition-in-patients-with-benign-epilepsy-of-childhood-with-centrotemporal-spikes
#2
X X Yan, Q Yu, Y T Gao, L T Li, D H Yu, Y Chen, X J Yao, W D Yang, Z J Chen, J Z Yin, Y An, K Tan
Objective: To study the relationship between the changes of brain network and cognition in patients with benign epilepsy of childhood with centrotemporal spikes (BECTS) by using long term video electroencephalogram (VEEG) and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (RS-fMRI) technology. Methods: Eleven patients with right-handed were recruited (from April 2015 to September 2016) from epilepsy specialist outpatients and functional department of neurosurgery of Tianjin Medical University General Hospital...
May 23, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533739/improving-the-test-retest-reliability-of-resting-state-fmri-by-removing-the-impact-of-sleep
#3
Jiahui Wang, Junwei Han, Vinh T Nguyen, Lei Guo, Christine C Guo
Resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) provides a powerful tool to examine large-scale neural networks in the human brain and their disturbances in neuropsychiatric disorders. Thanks to its low demand and high tolerance, resting state paradigms can be easily acquired from clinical population. However, due to the unconstrained nature, resting state paradigm is associated with excessive head movement and proneness to sleep. Consequently, the test-retest reliability of rs-fMRI measures is moderate at best, falling short of widespread use in the clinic...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522971/altered-functional-connectivity-of-the-basal-nucleus-of-meynert-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#4
Hui Li, Xiuqin Jia, Zhigang Qi, Xiang Fan, Tian Ma, Hong Ni, Chiang-Shan R Li, Kuncheng Li
Background: Cholinergic dysfunction plays an important role in mild cognitive impairment (MCI). The basal nucleus of Meynert (BNM) provides the main source of cortical cholinergic innervation. Previous studies have characterized structural changes of the cholinergic basal forebrain in individuals at risk of developing Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, whether and how functional connectivity of the BNM (BNM-FC) is altered in MCI remains unknown. Objective: The aim of this study was to identify alterations in BNM-FC in individuals with MCI as compared to healthy controls (HCs), and to examine the relationship between these alterations with neuropsychological measures in individuals with MCI...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502844/a-novel-approach-to-map-induced-activation-of-neuronal-networks-using-chemogenetics-and-functional-neuroimaging-in-rats-a-proof-of-concept-study-on-the-mesocorticolimbic-system
#5
Theresia J M Roelofs, Jeroen P H Verharen, Geralda A F van Tilborg, Linde Boekhoudt, Annette van der Toorn, Johannes W de Jong, Mieneke C M Luijendijk, Willem M Otte, Roger A H Adan, Rick M Dijkhuizen
Linking neural circuit activation at whole-brain level to neuronal activity at cellular level remains one of the major challenges in neuroscience research. We set up a novel functional neuroimaging approach to map global effects of locally induced activation of specific midbrain projection neurons using chemogenetics (Designer Receptors Exclusively Activated by Designer Drugs (DREADD)-technology) combined with pharmacological magnetic resonance imaging (phMRI) in the rat mesocorticolimbic system. Chemogenetic activation of DREADD-targeted mesolimbic or mesocortical pathways, i...
May 11, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496560/transmodal-learning-of-functional-networks-for-alzheimer-s-disease-prediction
#6
Mehdi Rahim, Bertrand Thirion, Claude Comtat, Gaël Varoquaux
Functional connectivity describes neural activity from resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). This noninvasive modality is a promising imaging biomarker of neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), where the connectome can be an indicator to assess and to understand the pathology. However, it only provides noisy measurements of brain activity. As a consequence, it has shown fairly limited discrimination power on clinical groups. So far, the reference functional marker of AD is the fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET)...
October 2016: IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Signal Processing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487641/concordance-of-the-resting-state-networks-in-typically-developing-6-to-7-year-old-children-and-healthy-adults
#7
Cody L Thornburgh, Shalini Narayana, Roozbeh Rezaie, Bella N Bydlinski, Frances A Tylavsky, Andrew C Papanicolaou, Asim F Choudhri, Eszter Völgyi
Though fairly well-studied in adults, less is known about the manifestation of resting state networks (RSN) in children. We examined the validity of RSN derived in an ethnically diverse group of typically developing 6- to 7-year-old children. We hypothesized that the RSNs in young children would be robust and would reliably show significant concordance with previously published RSN in adults. Additionally, we hypothesized that a smaller sample size using this robust technique would be comparable in quality to pediatric RSNs found in a larger cohort study...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480993/cognitive-and-neuroimaging-changes-in-healthy-immigrants-upon-relocation-to-a-high-altitude-a-panel-study
#8
Xiaoming Chen, Qian Zhang, Jiye Wang, Jie Liu, Wenbin Zhang, Shun Qi, Hui Xu, Chen Li, Jinsong Zhang, Haitao Zhao, Shanshan Meng, Dan Li, Huanyu Lu, Michael Aschner, Bin Li, Hong Yin, Jingyuan Chen, Wenjing Luo
BACKGROUND: Cognitive and neuroimaging changes under chronic high-altitude exposure have never been followed up and dynamically assessed. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the cognitive and brain structural/functional alterations associated with chronic high-altitude exposure. METHODS: Sixty-nine college freshmen that were immigrating to Tibet were enrolled and followed up for two years. Neuropsychological tests, including verbal/visual memory and simple/recognition reaction time, were utilized to determine whether the subjects' cognitive function had changed in response to chronic high-altitude exposure...
May 8, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479103/linking-graph-features-of-anatomical-architecture-to-regional-brain-activity-a-multi-modal-mri-study
#9
Tien-Wen Lee, Shao-Wei Xue
BACKGROUND: Previous empirical research has treated regional neural responses and network architecture separately. However, anecdotal reports have suggested a close relationship between the two. This study aims to investigate the influence of structural connectivity on regional spontaneous activities. METHODS: Datasets of structural magnetic resonance imaging (sMRI), resting state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) and diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) of 36 right-handed healthy subjects (average age 27...
May 4, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469571/diminished-posterior-precuneus-connectivity-with-the-default-mode-network-differentiates-normal-aging-from-alzheimer-s-disease
#10
Bernadet L Klaassens, Joop M A van Gerven, Jeroen van der Grond, Frank de Vos, Christiane Möller, Serge A R B Rombouts
Both normal aging and Alzheimer's disease (AD) have been associated with a reduction in functional brain connectivity. It is unknown how connectivity patterns due to aging and AD compare. Here, we investigate functional brain connectivity in 12 young adults (mean age 22.8 ± 2.8), 12 older adults (mean age 73.1 ± 5.2) and 12 AD patients (mean age 74.0 ± 5.2; mean MMSE 22.3 ± 2.5). Participants were scanned during 6 different sessions with resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (RS-fMRI), resulting in 72 scans per group...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458637/group-cognitive-behavior-therapy-reversed-insula-subregions-functional-connectivity-in-asthmatic-patients
#11
Yuqun Zhang, Yuan Yang, Rongrong Bian, Yingying Yin, Zhenghua Hou, Yingying Yue, Huanxin Chen, Yonggui Yuan
Background: Group cognitive behavior therapy (GCBT) is an effective treatment in improving self-management behaviors and quality of life for asthmatic patients. However, the mechanisms by which GCBT improves asthma-related clinical symptoms remain unknown. Previous studies have indicated that insula is an important region involved in the neuropathology of asthma. Therefore, we examined the possible alteration of functional connectivity (FC) in insula subregions after GCBT in asthmatic patients. Methods: Forty-two asthmatic patients and 60 healthy controls (HCs) received resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) scan and clinical assessments, 17 asthmatic patients completed GCBT treatment consisting of 8 sessions, and then received rs-fMRI scan and clinical assessments...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456172/structural-connectome-topology-relates-to-regional-bold-signal-dynamics-in-the-mouse-brain
#12
Sarab S Sethi, Valerio Zerbi, Nicole Wenderoth, Alex Fornito, Ben D Fulcher
Brain dynamics are thought to unfold on a network determined by the pattern of axonal connections linking pairs of neuronal elements; the so-called connectome. Prior work has indicated that structural brain connectivity constrains pairwise correlations of brain dynamics ("functional connectivity"), but it is not known whether inter-regional axonal connectivity is related to the intrinsic dynamics of individual brain areas. Here we investigate this relationship using a weighted, directed mesoscale mouse connectome from the Allen Mouse Brain Connectivity Atlas and resting state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) time-series data measured in 184 brain regions in eighteen anesthetized mice...
April 2017: Chaos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442352/the-effect-of-regulatory-mode-on-procrastination-bi-stable-parahippocampus-connectivity-with-dorsal-anterior-cingulate-and-anterior-prefrontal-cortex
#13
Chenyan Zhang, Yan Ni, Tingyong Feng
Previous research has elucidated that procrastination can be influenced by regulatory mode orientations. However, the neural mechanism of regulatory modes affecting procrastination is not well understood. To address this question, we employed resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (RS-fMRI) to test the influence of two regulatory modes (assessment and locomotion) on procrastination. The behavioral results showed that procrastination was positively correlated with assessment orientation but negatively correlated with locomotion orientation...
April 22, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439672/altered-intra-and-interregional-synchronization-in-the-absence-of-the-corpus-callosum-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#14
Long Zuo, Shuangkun Wang, Junliang Yuan, Hua Gu, Yang Zhou, Tao Jiang
Agenesis of the corpus callosum (AgCC) can result in subtle to severe cognitive deficits. Individuals with impaired cognition often show abnormalities on resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). This study used rs-fMRI to investigate changes in regional homogeneity (ReHo) and functional connectivity (FC) among individuals with AgCC. AgCC individuals (n = 10) and age-, sex-, and education-matched healthy control subjects (n = 19) were included in this study. The ReHo values were calculated to represent spontaneous brain activity...
April 24, 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435932/default-mode-network-subsystems-are-differentially-disrupted-in-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#15
Danielle R Miller, Scott M Hayes, Jasmeet P Hayes, Jeffrey M Spielberg, Ginette Lafleche, Mieke Verfaellie
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a psychiatric disorder characterized by debilitating re-experiencing, avoidance, and hyperarousal symptoms following trauma exposure. Recent evidence suggests that individuals with PTSD show disrupted functional connectivity in the default mode network, an intrinsic network that consists of a midline core, a medial temporal lobe (MTL) subsystem, and a dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (dMPFC) subsystem. The present study examined whether functional connectivity in these subsystems is differentially disrupted in PTSD...
May 2017: Biological Psychiatry: Cognitive Neuroscience and Neuroimaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424611/modafinil-induced-changes-in-functional-connectivity-in-the-cortex-and-cerebellum-of-healthy-elderly-subjects
#16
Miriam Punzi, Tommaso Gili, Laura Petrosini, Carlo Caltagirone, Gianfranco Spalletta, Stefano L Sensi
In the past few years, cognitive enhancing drugs (CEDs) have gained growing interest and the focus of investigations aimed at exploring their use to potentiate the cognitive performances of healthy individuals. Most of this exploratory CED-related research has been performed on young adults. However, CEDs may also help to maintain optimal brain functioning or compensate for subtle and or subclinical deficits associated with brain aging or early-stage dementia. In this study, we assessed effects on resting state brain activity in a group of healthy elderly subjects undergoing acute administration of modafinil, a wakefulness-promoting agent...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420981/age-related-difference-in-functional-brain-connectivity-of-mastication
#17
Chia-Shu Lin, Ching-Yi Wu, Shih-Yun Wu, Hsiao-Han Lin, Dong-Hui Cheng, Wen-Liang Lo
The age-related decline in motor function is associated with changes in intrinsic brain signatures. Here, we investigated the functional connectivity (FC) associated with masticatory performance, a clinical index evaluating general masticatory function. Twenty-six older adults (OA) and 26 younger (YA) healthy adults were recruited and assessed using the masticatory performance index (MPI) and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). We analyzed the rs-fMRI FC network related to mastication, which was constructed based on 12 bilateral mastication-related brain regions according to the literature...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420972/multi-modal-multi-measure-and-multi-class-discrimination-of-adhd-with-hierarchical-feature-extraction-and-extreme-learning-machine-using-structural-and-functional-brain-mri
#18
Muhammad Naveed Iqbal Qureshi, Jooyoung Oh, Beomjun Min, Hang Joon Jo, Boreom Lee
Structural and functional MRI unveil many hidden properties of the human brain. We performed this multi-class classification study on selected subjects from the publically available attention deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD-200 dataset of patients and healthy children. The dataset has three groups, namely, ADHD inattentive, ADHD combined, and typically developing. We calculated the global averaged functional connectivity maps across the whole cortex to extract anatomical atlas parcellation based features from the resting-state fMRI (rs-fMRI) data and cortical parcellation based features from the structural MRI (sMRI) data...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408865/tau-pathology-distribution-in-alzheimer-s-disease-corresponds-differentially-to-cognition-relevant-functional-brain-networks
#19
Oskar Hansson, Michel J Grothe, Tor Olof Strandberg, Tomas Ohlsson, Douglas Hägerström, Jonas Jögi, Ruben Smith, Michael Schöll
Neuropathological studies have shown that the typical neurofibrillary pathology of hyperphosphorylated tau protein in Alzheimer's disease (AD) preferentially affects specific brain regions whereas others remain relatively spared. It has been suggested that the distinct regional distribution profile of tau pathology in AD may be a consequence of the intrinsic network structure of the human brain. The spatially distributed brain regions that are most affected by the spread of tau pathology may hence reflect an interconnected neuronal system...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406312/repeatability-of-graph-theoretical-metrics-derived-from-resting-state-functional-networks-in-paediatric-epilepsy-patients
#20
Michael J Paldino, Zili D Chu, Mary L Chapieski, Farahnaz Golriz, Wei Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To measure the repeatability of metrics that quantify brain network architecture derived from resting-state functional MRI in a cohort of paediatric patients with epilepsy. METHODS: We identified patients with: (1) epilepsy; (2) brain MRI at 3 T; (3) two identical resting-state functional MRI acquisitions performed on the same day. Undirected, weighted networks were constructed based on the resting-state time series using a range of processing parameters including parcellation size and graph threshold...
May 23, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
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