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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089676/multimodal-evaluation-of-the-amygdala-s-functional-connectivity
#1
Rebecca Kerestes, Henry W Chase, Mary L Phillips, Cecile D Ladouceur, Simon B Eickhoff
The amygdala is one of the most extensively studied human brain regions and undisputedly plays a central role in many psychiatric disorders. However, an outstanding question is whether connectivity of amygdala subregions, specifically the centromedial (CM), laterobasal (LB) and superficial (SF) nuclei, are modulated by brain state (i.e., task vs. rest). Here, using a multimodal approach, we directly compared meta-analytic connectivity modeling (MACM) and specific co-activation likelihood estimation (SCALE)-derived estimates of CM, LB and SF task-based co-activation to the functional connectivity of these nuclei as assessed by resting state fmri (rs-fmri)...
January 9, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079169/abnormalities-of-regional-brain-function-in-parkinson-s-disease-a-meta-analysis-of-resting-state-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-studies
#2
PingLei Pan, Yang Zhang, Yi Liu, He Zhang, DeNing Guan, Yun Xu
There is convincing evidence that abnormalities of regional brain function exist in Parkinson's disease (PD). However, many resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) studies using amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (ALFF) have reported inconsistent results about regional spontaneous neuronal activity in PD. Therefore, we conducted a comprehensive meta-analysis using the Seed-based d Mapping and several complementary analyses. We searched PubMed, Embase, and Web of Science databases for eligible whole-brain rs-fMRI studies that measured ALFF differences between patients with PD and healthy controls published from January 1st, 2000 until June 24, 2016...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074492/confirmation-of-resting-state-bold-fluctuations-in-the-human-brainstem-and-spinal-cord-after-identification-and-removal-of-physiological-noise
#3
Shreyas Harita, Patrick W Stroman
PURPOSE: Resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) has been used to investigate networks within the cortex, but its use in the brainstem (BS) and spinal cord (SC) has been limited. This region presents challenges for fMRI, partly because of sources of physiological noise. This study aims to quantify noise contributions to rs-fMRI, and to obtain evidence of resting-state blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) fluctuations. METHODS: Resting-state-fMRI data were obtained from the BS/SC in 16 participants, at 3 Tesla, with T2 -weighted single-shot fast spin-echo imaging...
January 11, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069540/multi-modal-analysis-of-functional-connectivity-and-cerebral-blood-flow-reveals-shared-and-unique-effects-of-propofol-in-large-scale-brain-networks
#4
Maolin Qiu, Dustin Scheinost, Ramachandran Ramani, R Todd Constable
Anesthesia-induced changes in functional connectivity and cerebral blow flow (CBF) in large-scale brain networks have emerged as key markers of reduced consciousness. However, studies of functional connectivity disagree on which large-scale networks are altered or preserved during anesthesia, making it difficult to find a consensus amount studies. Additionally, pharmacological alterations in CBF could amplify or occlude changes in connectivity due to the shared variance between CBF and connectivity. Here, we used data-driven connectivity methods and multi-modal imaging to investigate shared and unique neural correlates of reduced consciousness for connectivity in large-scale brain networks...
January 6, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057091/-resting-state-functional-magnetic-resonance-study-of-brain-function-changes-after-tips-operation-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#5
C Liu, H B Wang, Y Q Yu, M Q Wang, G B Zhang, L Y Xu, J M Wu
Objective: To investigate the brain function changes in cirrhosis patients after transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS), resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI) performed and fractional amplitude of low frequency fluctuation (fALFF) was analyzed. Methods: From January 2014 to February 2016, a total of 96 cirrhotic patients from invasive technology department and infection department in the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University were selected , the blood ammonia data of 96 cirrhotic patients with TIPS operation in four groups were collected after 1, 3, 6 and 12 month, and all subjects performed rs-fMRI scans...
December 20, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047432/su-g-iep1-11-resting-state-fluctuation-of-bold-signal-amplitude-for-mapping-cerebrovascular-reactivity-in-presurgical-functional-mri
#6
P Wang, P Hou, S Kesler, R Colen, A Kumar, S Prabhu, H Liu
PURPOSE: Cerebrovascular reactivity (CVR) MRI with hypercapnia challenges, such as a breath-hold (BH) task, has been proposed to indicate areas with neurovascular uncoupling potentials for presurgical functional MRI (fMRI). This study aimed to explore the use of resting-state (RS) fMRI, in particular, the RS fluctuation of amplitude (RSFA) for detecting the impaired CVR and compare with BH MRI in patients with gliomas. METHODS: The BH and RS fMRI from six patients as part of their presurgical fMRI studies were analyzed...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044431/abnormal-resting-state-neural-activity-and-connectivity-of-fatigue-in-parkinson-s-disease
#7
Jie-Jin Zhang, Jian Ding, Jun-Yi Li, Min Wang, Yong-Sheng Yuan, Li Zhang, Si-Ming Jiang, Xi-Xi Wang, Lin Zhu, Ke-Zhong Zhang
AIMS: Fatigue is a common burdensome problem in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD), but its pathophysiological mechanisms are poorly understood. This study aimed at investigating the neural substrates of fatigue in patients with PD. METHODS: A total of 17 PD patients with fatigue, 32 PD patients without fatigue, and 25 matched healthy controls were recruited. The 9-item fatigue severity scale (FSS) was used for fatigue screening and severity rating. Resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (RS-fMRI) data were obtained from all subjects...
January 3, 2017: CNS Neuroscience & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28041652/abnormal-spontaneous-brain-activity-in-type-2-diabetic-retinopathy-revealed-by-amplitude-of-low-frequency-fluctuations-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#8
Z-L Wang, L Zou, Z-W Lu, X-Q Xie, Z-Z Jia, C-J Pan, G-X Zhang, X-M Ge
AIM: To explore the altered spontaneous cerebral activity patterns and impaired functional regions in patients with diabetic retinopathy (DR) using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) based on the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (ALFF) algorithm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one patients with DR (mean age, 54.9±9.9 years; 11 females) and 17 healthy control subjects (54.8±5.7 years; 9 females) were prospectively studied. The DR patients underwent laboratory tests...
December 29, 2016: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018183/changed-hub-and-corresponding-functional-connectivity-of-subgenual-anterior-cingulate-cortex-in-major-depressive-disorder
#9
Huawang Wu, Hui Sun, Jinping Xu, Yan Wu, Chao Wang, Jing Xiao, Shenglin She, Jianwei Huang, Wenjin Zou, Hongjun Peng, Xiaobing Lu, Guimao Huang, Tianzi Jiang, Yuping Ning, Jiaojian Wang
Major depressive disorder (MDD) is one of the most prevalent mental disorders. In the brain, the hubs of the brain network play a key role in integrating and transferring information between different functional modules. However, whether the changed pattern in functional network hubs contributes to the onset of MDD remains unclear. Using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) and graph theory methods, we investigated whether alterations of hubs can be detected in MDD. First, we constructed the whole-brain voxel-wise functional networks and calculated a functional connectivity strength (FCS) map in each subject in 34 MDD patients and 34 gender-, age- and education level-matched healthy controls (HCs)...
2016: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018124/cross-frequency-rs-fmri-network-connectivity-patterns-manifest-differently-for-schizophrenia-patients-and-healthy-controls
#10
Robyn L Miller, Maziar Yaesoubi, Vince D Calhoun
Patterns of resting state fMRI functional network connectivity in schizophrenia patients have been shown to differ markedly from that of healthy controls. While some studies have explored connectivity within fixed frequency bands, the question of network phase synchrony across disparate frequency bands, or cross-frequency connectivity, has remained surprisingly underexplored. Computational modeling at the neuronal scale however has long acknowledged the existence of coupled fast and slow subsystems. Here we present preliminary evidence that cross-frequency coupling exists at the network level, that it patterns in meaningful ways over functional domains, and that this patterning differs between the healthy population and individuals with diagnosed schizophrenia...
August 2016: IEEE Signal Processing Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017919/relationship-of-a-common-oxtr-gene-variant-to-brain-structure-and-default-mode-network-function-in-healthy-humans
#11
Junping Wang, Meredith N Braskie, George W Hafzalla, Joshua Faskowitz, Katie L McMahon, Greig I de Zubicaray, Margaret J Wright, Chunshui Yu, Paul M Thompson
A large body of research suggests that oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene polymorphisms may influence both social behaviors and psychiatric conditions related to social deficits, such as autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), schizophrenia, and mood and anxiety disorders. However, the neural mechanism underlying these associations is still unclear. Relative to controls, patients with these psychiatric conditions show differences in brain structure, and in resting state fMRI (rs-fMRI) signal synchronicity among default mode network (DMN) regions (also known as functional connectivity)...
December 23, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017880/aberrant-spontaneous-low-frequency-brain-activity-in-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-meta-analysis-of-resting-state-fmri-studies
#12
REVIEW
PingLei Pan, Lin Zhu, TingTing Yu, HaiCun Shi, Bing Zhang, Ruomeng Qin, Xiaolei Zhu, Lai Qian, Hui Zhao, Hong Zhou, Yun Xu
Recent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) studies have provided strong evidence of abnormal spontaneous brain activity in amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). However, the conclusions have been inconsistent. A meta-analysis of whole-brain rs-fMRI studies that measured differences in the amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (ALFF) between aMCI patients and healthy controls was conducted using the Seed-based d Mapping software package. Twelve studies reporting 14 datasets were included in the meta-analysis...
December 23, 2016: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017196/relationship-between-resting-state-functional-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-memory-function-in-mesial-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#13
Shenggen Chen, Lin Chen, Huapin Huang, Wanhui Lin
OBJECT: To study memory impairment mechanisms of the medial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) by analyzing the functional connectivity (FC) through resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI). METHODS: Rs-fMRI data were acquired from 13 patients with left MTLE and 11 patients with right MTLE. Another 13 healthy volunteers were selected as controls. The altered FC pattern between the unilateral hippocampus and other regions of the brain in MTLE patients was compared to that of the normal control group...
January 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009983/abnormal-brain-functional-connectivity-leads-to-impaired-mood-and-cognition-in-hyperthyroidism-a-resting-state-functional-mri-study
#14
Ling Li, Mengmeng Zhi, Zhenghua Hou, Yuqun Zhang, Yingying Yue, Yonggui Yuan
Patients with hyperthyroidism frequently have neuropsychiatric complaints such as lack of concentration, poor memory, depression, anxiety, nervousness, and irritability, suggesting brain dysfunction. However, the underlying process of these symptoms remains unclear. Using resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI), we depicted the altered graph theoretical metric degree centrality (DC) and seed-based resting-state functional connectivity (FC) in 33 hyperthyroid patients relative to 33 healthy controls...
December 21, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006783/altered-long-and-short-range-functional-connectivity-in-patients-with-betel-quid-dependence-a-resting-state-functional-mri-study
#15
Tao Liu, Jianjun Li, Zhiqiang Zhang, Qiang Xu, Guangming Lu, Shixiong Huang, Mengjie Pan, Feng Chen
OBJECTIVE: Addiction is a chronic relapsing brain disease. Brain structural abnormalities may constitute an abnormal neural network that underlies the risk of drug dependence. We hypothesized that individuals with Betel Quid Dependence (BQD) have functional connectivity alterations that can be described by long- and short-range functional connectivity density(FCD) maps. METHODS: We tested this hypothesis using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data from subjects of the Han ethnic group in Hainan, China...
2016: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003850/cerebral-targeting-of-acupuncture-at-combined-acupoints-in-treating-essential-hypertension-an-rs-fmri-study-and-curative-effect-evidence
#16
Yanjie Wang, Yu Zheng, Shanshan Qu, Jiping Zhang, Zheng Zhong, Jialing Zhang, Huanlin Huang, Miaokeng Li, Yiwen Xu, Junqi Chen, Lei Wang, Genevieve Zara Steiner, Chunzhi Tang, Yong Huang
The study attempted to explore that the synergistic effect of acupoints combination is not a simple superposition of single acupoint's effect by comparing and analyzing the changes of blood pressure (BP), SF-36, and brain regions after acupuncture treatment. 47 patients were randomly divided into LR3+KI3 group, LR3 group, and KI3 group. Subjects received Rs-fMRI scan, BP measurement, and SF-36 questionnaires before and after treatment and short-term acupuncture treatment. After treatment, there were no significant differences in BP and SF-36 among 3 groups, compared to the case before treatment, SBP of 3 groups decreased, and DBP significantly decreased while vitality and mental health significantly increased in LR3+KI3 group...
2016: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999530/disturbed-interhemispheric-functional-connectivity-rather-than-structural-connectivity-in-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#17
Rongfeng Qi, Chang Liu, Yifei Weng, Qiang Xu, Liya Chen, Fangyu Wang, Long J Zhang, Guang M Lu
Neuroimaging studies have demonstrated that irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)-a relapsing functional bowel disorder-presents with disrupted brain connections. However, little is known about the alterations of interhemispheric functional connectivity and underlying structural connectivity in IBS. This study combined resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to investigate changes in interhemispheric coordination in IBS patients. Resting-state functional and structural magnetic resonance images were acquired from 65 IBS patients and 67 healthy controls (HCs; matched for age, sex and educational level)...
2016: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994546/decreased-subcortical-and-increased-cortical-degree-centrality-in-a-nonclinical-college-student-sample-with-subclinical-depressive-symptoms-a-resting-state-fmri-study
#18
Cuihua Gao, Liu Wenhua, Yanli Liu, Xiuhang Ruan, Xin Chen, Lingling Liu, Shaode Yu, Raymond C K Chan, Xinhua Wei, Xinqing Jiang
Abnormal functional connectivity (FC) at rest has been identified in clinical depressive disorder. However, very few studies have been conducted to understand the underlying neural substrates of subclinical depression. The newly proposed centrality analysis approach has been increasingly used to explore the large-scale brain network of mental diseases. This study aimed to identify the degree centrality (DC) alteration of the brain network in subclinical depressive subjects. Thirty-seven candidates with subclinical depression and 34 well-matched healthy controls (HCs) were recruited from the same sample of college students...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993673/propofol-attenuates-low-frequency-fluctuations-of-resting-state-fmri-bold-signal-in-the-anterior-frontal-cortex-upon-loss-of-consciousness
#19
Xiaolin Liu, Kathryn K Lauer, B Douglas Ward, Christopher Roberts, Suyan Liu, Suneeta Gollapudy, Robert Rohloff, William Gross, Guangyu Chen, Zhan Xu, Jeffrey R Binder, Shi-Jiang Li, Anthony G Hudetz
Recent studies indicate that spontaneous low-frequency fluctuations (LFFs) of resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rs-fMRI) blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) signals are driven by the slow (<0.1Hz) modulation of ongoing neuronal activity synchronized locally and across remote brain regions. How regional LFFs of the BOLD fMRI signal are altered during anesthetic-induced alteration of consciousness is not well understood. Using rs-fMRI in 15 healthy participants, we show that during administration of propofol to achieve loss of behavioral responsiveness indexing unconsciousness, the fractional amplitude of LFF (fALFF index) was reduced in comparison to wakeful baseline in the anterior frontal regions, temporal pole, hippocampus, parahippocampal gyrus, and amygdala...
December 16, 2016: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989909/altered-regional-homogeneity-of-brain-spontaneous-signals-in-siv-infected-rhesus-macaque-model
#20
Jing Zhao, Bin Jing, Feng Chen, Jiaojiao Liu, Yuanyuan Wang, Hongjun Li
BACKGROUND: Regional homogeneity (ReHo), a measurement from resting-state functional magnetic imaging (rs-fMRI) to reflect local synchronization of brain activities, has been widely explored in previous studies of neurological diseases. SIV infected model for detecting the neurological changes with progression was studied. METHODS: In the study, six rhesus macaques infected by simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) were scanned by resting-state fMRI at the following time points: before SIV inoculation (baseline), 12weeks and 24weeks post inoculation (12wpi, 24wpi)...
October 27, 2016: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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