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gliomatosis children

Derek R Johnson, Julie B Guerin, Caterina Giannini, Jonathan M Morris, Lawrence J Eckel, Timothy J Kaufmann
Radiologists play a key role in brain tumor diagnosis and management and must stay abreast of developments in the field to advance patient care and communicate with other health care providers. In 2016, the World Health Organization (WHO) released an update to its brain tumor classification system that included numerous significant changes. Several previously recognized brain tumor diagnoses, such as oligoastrocytoma, primitive neuroectodermal tumor, and gliomatosis cerebri, were redefined or eliminated altogether...
November 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
Ian F Pollack, Regina I Jakacki, Lisa H Butterfield, Ronald L Hamilton, Ashok Panigrahy, Daniel P Normolle, Angela K Connelly, Sharon Dibridge, Gary Mason, Theresa L Whiteside, Hideho Okada
Recurrent high-grade gliomas (HGGs) of childhood have an exceedingly poor prognosis with current therapies. Accordingly, new treatment approaches are needed. We initiated a pilot trial of vaccinations with peptide epitopes derived from glioma-associated antigens (GAAs) overexpressed in these tumors in HLA-A2+ children with recurrent HGG that had progressed after prior treatments. Peptide epitopes for three GAAs (EphA2, IL13Rα2, survivin), emulsified in Montanide-ISA-51, were administered subcutaneously adjacent to intramuscular injections of poly-ICLC every 3 weeks for 8 courses, followed by booster vaccines every 6 weeks...
December 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Namit Singhal, Vinay Agarwal
Gliomatosis cerebri (GC) is a diffuse infiltrating glial neoplasm of astrocytic origin. GC in children is rare and difficult to diagnose, often presenting with a variety of signs and symptoms that may mimic myriad conditions. We discuss here the presentation and diagnosis of GC in a child who was initially treated on lines of tubercular encephalitis, with transient clinical relief and disappearance of enhancing component of the disease on magnetic resonance imaging. In this report, we highlight the limitations of clinical presentation and neuroimaging as well as the essential role of histological evaluation for the diagnosis of GC in children...
October 2015: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
Vamsi Krishna Yerramneni, Srinivasa Rao Vinjamuri, A K Purohit, C Sundaram
BACKGROUND: Gliomatosis cerebri is characterized by diffuse infiltration of glial cells with preservation of neuronal architecture. It is an uncommon glial neoplasm of astrocytic origin that occurs in adults and is exceedingly rare in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The authors retrospectively analyzed the data of 6 patients of gliomatosis cerebri operated between 2007 and 2012. RESULT: All patients underwent surgical decompression, followed by chemoradiotherapy...
October 2015: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Alberto Broniscer, Omar Chamdine, Scott Hwang, Tong Lin, Stanley Pounds, Arzu Onar-Thomas, Sheila Shurtleff, Sariah Allen, Amar Gajjar, Paul Northcott, Brent A Orr
Gliomatosis cerebri (GC), a rare and deadly CNS neoplasm characterized by involvement of at least three cerebral lobes, predominantly affects adults. While a few small series have reported its occurrence in children, little is known about the molecular characteristics of pediatric GC. We reviewed clinical, radiological, and histological features of pediatric patients with primary GC treated at our institution over 15 years. Targeted sequencing of mutational hotspots in H3F3A, IDH1/2, and BRAF, and genome-wide analysis of DNA methylation and copy number abnormalities was performed in available tumors...
February 2016: Acta Neuropathologica
Arnault Tauziede-Espariat, Andre Maues de Paula, Melanie Pages, Annie Laquerriere, Emilie Caietta, Benoit Delpont, Gabriel Viennet, Elisabeth Medeiros de Bustos, Thierry Moulin, Christine Barnerias, Elodie Vauleon, Jacques Grill, Dan Chiforeanu, Alexandre Vasiljevic, Pascale Varlet
BACKGROUND: Primary leptomeningeal gliomatosis (PLG) is a poorly recognized tumor of the central nervous system. OBJECTIVE: To describe the histopathological, immunohistochemical, and molecular features of PLG. METHODS: Results of our multicentric retrospective study of 6 PLG cases (3 pediatric and 3 adult) were compared with literature data. RESULTS: The mean age was 54.7 years for adults and 8.7 years for children, with 3 males and 3 females...
March 2016: Neurosurgery
Aria Fallah, Alexander G Weil, Samir Sur, Ian Miller, Prasanna Jayakar, Glenn Morrison, Sanjiv Bhatia, John Ragheb
OBJECT: Pediatric brain tumors may be associated with medically intractable epilepsy for which surgery is indicated. The authors sought to evaluate the efficacy of epilepsy surgery for seizure control in pediatric patients with brain tumors. METHODS: The authors performed a retrospective review of consecutive patients undergoing resective epilepsy surgery related to pediatric brain tumors at Miami Children's Hospital between June 1986 and June 2014. Time-to-event analysis for seizure recurrence was performed; an "event" was defined as any seizures that occurred following resective epilepsy surgery, not including seizures and auras in the 1st postoperative week...
December 2015: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Emilie George, Allison Settler, Scott Connors, Jeffrey P Greenfield
Gliomatosis cerebri is a rare glial tumor that carries a poor prognosis. Seen in both adults and children, gliomatosis cerebri appears to differ in these populations as with adult versus pediatric glioblastoma. We present 10 children who either presented to the Weill Cornell Medical College or enrolled in the institution's Gliomatosis Cerebri International Registry alongside a cohort of 89 pediatric patients reported in the literature between 2000 and 2014. Age ranged from 4 months to 21 years, with a male to female ratio of 1...
March 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
Ibrahim Qaddoumi, Mehmet Kocak, Atmaram S Pai Panandiker, Gregory T Armstrong, Cynthia Wetmore, John R Crawford, Tong Lin, James M Boyett, Larry E Kun, Fredrick A Boop, Thomas E Merchant, David W Ellison, Amar Gajjar, Alberto Broniscer
BACKGROUND: Epidermal growth factor receptor is overexpressed in most pediatric high-grade gliomas (HGG). Since erlotinib had shown activity in adults with HGG, we conducted a phase II trial of erlotinib and local radiotherapy (RT) in children with newly diagnosed HGG. METHODS: Following maximum surgical resection, patients between 3 and 21 years with non-metastatic HGG received local RT at 59.4 Gy (54 Gy for spinal tumors and those with ≥70% brain involvement)...
2014: Frontiers in Oncology
Maryam Fouladi, John P Perentesis, Christine L Phillips, Sarah Leary, Joel M Reid, Renee M McGovern, Ashish M Ingle, Charlotte H Ahern, Matthew M Ames, Peter Houghton, L Austin Doyle, Brenda Weigel, Susan M Blaney
BACKGROUND: We report results of a phase I trial designed to estimate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), describe dose-limiting toxicities (DLT), and characterize the pharmacokinetic profile of MK-2206, an AKT inhibitor, in children with refractory or recurrent malignancies. PROCEDURE: MK-2206 was administered either every other day (Schedule 1), or once a week (Schedule 2) in a 28-day cycle. Dose escalations in increments of ∼30% were independently made in each part using the rolling-six design...
July 2014: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
Neggy Rismanchi, John R Crawford
Internuclear ophthalmoplegia (INO) is a rare disorder of conjugate lateral gaze that has been described in a number of neurologic conditions including multiple sclerosis, stroke and less commonly brain tumors. We describe a series of 3 boys (11, 12, 15 years) diagnosed with primary central nervous system tumors (pilomyxoid variant astrocytoma, anaplastic oligoastrocytoma, gliomatosis cerebri) who developed bilateral INO as a manifestation of progressive disease. Time from diagnosis to development of bilateral INO ranged from 13-36 months...
December 2013: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Jianhui Zhao, Xinhua Bao, Na Fu, Jintang Ye, Ting Li, Yun Yuan, Chunyu Zhang, Yao Zhang, Yuehua Zhang, Jiong Qin, Xiru Wu
A malignant neoplasm in the central nervous system with diffuse white matter changes on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is rare in children. It could be misdiagnosed as acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. This report presents our experience based on 4 patients (3 male, 1 female; aged 7-13 years) whose MRI showed diffuse lesions in white matter and who were initially diagnosed with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis. All of the patients received corticosteroid therapy. After brain biopsy, the patients were diagnosed with gliomatosis cerebri, primitive neuroectodermal tumor and central nervous system lymphoma...
August 2014: Journal of Child Neurology
Dominique Figarella-Branger, Céline Chappe, Laëtitia Padovani, Sandy Mercurio, Carole Colin, Fabien Forest, Corinne Bouvier
Glial and glioneuronal tumors in children and adult demonstrate distinctive clinical, neuroradiological and molecular features depending on the pathological subtype and within a same subgroup according to the age. In children, gliomas are mainly located in the infratentorial part of the brain. They are most often benign and circumscribed but infiltrative tumors with dismal prognosis are recorded within the pons (DIGP) or the thalamus. Glioblastomas are very rare in children. In contrast, gliomas in adult mainly occur in the cerebral hemispheres and the most frequent subtype is glioblastoma...
July 2013: Bulletin du Cancer
Francesco P Bernardini, Juan O Croxatto, Paolo Nozza, Andrea Rossi, Paolo Capris
PURPOSE: To describe a rare case of primary diffuse leptomeningeal gliomatosis (PDLG) presenting with progressive proptosis and direct involvement of the optic nerve sheath in a child and review of the relevant literature. METHODS: Retrospective review of a single case and systematic literature review of 26 biopsy-proven cases reported in the MEDLINE-indexed English literature. A 10-year-old girl developed proptosis and progressive visual loss associated with thickening of the optic nerve sheaths and dilation of the subarachnoid spaces with multilobulated appearance of the brain meninges and thickened peripheral nerve root sheaths...
March 2013: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Paul H Phillips
Although PTC most frequently occurs in obese females of childbearing age, the syndrome occurs in children as well.(3),(5) Prepubertal children with PTC have a lower incidence of obesity compared with adults and there is no sex predilection. The onset of puberty is best defined by the onset of secondary sexual characteristics such has menarche, pubic hair, and breast development. Children with PTC have a higher incidence of associated conditions and cranial nerve deficits compared with adults. Similar to adult patients, children are at risk for the development of permanent visual loss...
2012: International Ophthalmology Clinics
Anna Maria Buccoliero, Francesca Castiglione, Duccio Rossi Degl'Innocenti, Chiara Francesca Gheri, Lorenzo Genitori, Gian Luigi Taddei
Mutations in IDH1 gene are observed in gliomas with significant differences according to histotype, grade, prognosis, and age. We analyzed the IDH1 gene mutations frequency in 42 gliomas from 40 children (14 pilocytic astrocytomas; 3 pilomyxoid astrocytomas; 3 diffuse astrocytomas; 1 gliomatosi cerebri; 8 subependymal giant cell astrocytomas; 2 anaplastic astrocytomas; 9 glioblastomas). No IDH1 mutation was detected. Our results indicate that there is no IDH1 gene involvement in the onset and progression of pediatric astrocytomas...
October 2012: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology
Mizuhiko Terasaki, Eric Bouffet, Mitsuhide Maeda, Yasuo Sugita, Yutaka Sawamura, Motohiro Morioka
INTRODUCTION: Pilomyxoid astrocytoma (PMA) is a rare variant of pilocytic astrocytoma. Compared with pilocytic astrocytoma, PMA is more aggressive, has a higher rate of local recurrence, and often disseminates to the leptomeninges. Leptomeningeal gliomatosis is another rare but often intractable neoplasm. PMA presenting as leptomeningeal gliomatosis can be a therapeutic challenge, particularly in young children for whom many pediatric oncologists consider radiation therapy only as a back-up treatment...
January 2012: Neurologist
Deepti Narasimhaiah, Catherine Miquel, Elisabeth Verhamme, Paul Desclée, Guy Cosnard, Catherine Godfraind
Recently, mutations in IDH1 and IDH2 have been reported as an early and common genetic alteration in diffuse gliomas, being possibly followed by 1p/19q loss in oligodendrogliomas and TP53 mutations in astrocytomas. Lately, IDH1 mutations have also been identified in adult gliomatosis cerebri (GC). The aim of our study was to test the status of IDH1/2, p53 and of chromosomes 1 and 19 in a series of 12 adult and three pediatric GC. For all tumors, clinico-radiologic characteristics, histopathologic features, status of IDH1/2, p53 and of chromosomes 1 and 19 were evaluated...
February 2012: Neuropathology: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
Jason F Harrison, Hope T Richard, Ty W Abel, Jeffrey S Sosnowski, Anthony M Martino
Gliomatosis cerebri is an uncommon glial neoplasm that is exceedingly rare in children and difficult to diagnose. The authors describe the presentation and diagnosis of GC in 3 children ages 12, 14, and 16 years. These children exhibited signs and symptoms of increased intracranial pressure as well as other vague or site specific neurological signs. Because clinical presentation, CSF analysis, and neuroimaging were nonspecific, a stereotactic biopsy to obtain tissue for pathological review was ultimately necessary to confirm the diagnosis...
September 2010: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Hope T Richard, Jason F Harrison, Ty W Abel, Paul Maertens, Anthony M Martino, Jeffrey S Sosnowski
Gliomatosis cerebri (GC) is a diffuse infiltrating glial neoplasm of astrocytic origin. GC in children is rare and difficult to diagnose, often presenting with a variety of signs and symptoms that may mimic encephalitis. We discuss here the presentation and diagnosis of GC in 2 children who were initially suspected to have acute disseminating encephalomyelitis. In this report we underscore the limitations of relying on clinical presentation and neuroimaging as well as the essential role of pathologic evaluation for the diagnosis of GC in children...
August 2010: Pediatrics
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