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Thyroid ultrasonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29465333/us-fine-needle-aspiration-biopsy-for-thyroid-malignancy-diagnostic-performance-of-seven-society-guidelines-applied-to-2000-thyroid-nodules
#1
Eun Ju Ha, Dong Gyu Na, Jung Hwan Baek, Jin Yong Sung, Ji-Hoon Kim, So Young Kang
Purpose To compare the diagnostic performance of ultrasonography (US)-based fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) criteria from seven international societies in the detection of thyroid malignancy. Materials and Methods This study included a total of 2000 consecutive thyroid nodules (≥1 cm) in 1802 patients with final diagnoses from January 2010 to May 2011. US features of the thyroid nodules were retrospectively reviewed and were classified according to the categories defined by the seven international society guidelines...
February 21, 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459049/erratum-to-inter-exam-agreement-and-diagnostic-performance-of-the-korean-thyroid-imaging-reporting-and-data-system-for-thyroid-nodule-assessment-real-time-versus-static-ultrasonography-eur-j-radiol-98-2018-14-19
#2
Jung Min Bae, Soo Yeon Hahn, Jung Hee Shin, Eun Young Ko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2018: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442060/thyroid-hemiagenesis-associated-with-multinodular-goiter-and-hashimoto-s-thyroiditis
#3
Daniela Bosco, A Cammarata, R Cannarella, R Latino, R Lanteri, A Di Cataldo, A Calogero
Thyroid hemiagenesis is a rare congenital abnormality in which one of the thyroid lobes is not developed. It can be associated with various thyroid diseases, such as Grave's disease, nodular goiter and thyroid neoplasm, rarely with hyperparathyroidism. We report a case of a 50-year old woman with left thyroid lobe agenesis diagnosed by ultrasonography and scintigraphy. Right thyroidectomy was performed and the histopathological examination showed diffuse hyperplasia, multinodular goiter and Hashimoto's thyroiditis...
November 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431403/mildly-elevated-liver-transaminase-levels-causes-and-evaluation
#4
Robert C Oh, Thomas R Hustead, Syed M Ali, Matthew W Pantsari
Mild, asymptomatic elevations (less than five times the upper limit of normal) of alanine transaminase and aspartate transaminase levels are common in primary care. It is estimated that approximately 10% of the U.S. population has elevated transaminase levels. An approach based on the prevalence of diseases that cause asymptomatic transaminase elevations can help clinicians efficiently identify common and serious liver disease. The most common causes of elevated transaminase levels are nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and alcoholic liver disease...
December 1, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431057/evolution-in-the-management-of-thyroid-cancer-an-observational-study-in-two-referral-centres-in-belgium
#5
Bernard Peene, Annick Van den Bruel, Carolien Moyson, Brigitte Decallonne
Objective Thyroid cancer incidence is increasing. The rise is most pronounced for microcancers (≤10 mm, T1a). In 2006, landmark European and American guidelines for the management of thyroid cancer were published. We studied thyroid cancer characteristics and initial management before and after 2006. Methods We conducted a retrospective observational study of non-medullary thyroid cancer patients that underwent thyroidectomy in two Belgian referral centres comparing pre-, per- and post-operative management in a cohort before and after 2006...
February 12, 2018: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430158/delayed-presentation-of-turner-syndrome-challenge-to-optimal-management
#6
Uma Kaimal Saikia, Dipti Sarma, Yogesh Yadav
Background: Turner syndrome (TS) is a chromosomal disorder associated with dysmorphic features and comorbidities, with recent trends focusing on early diagnosis for adequate management. Aim: The aim is to study the age and mode of presentation of TS, associated comorbidities and look for any correlation with the genotype. Material and Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of girls with TS attending the endocrinology clinic of a tertiary care center...
October 2017: Journal of Human Reproductive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422016/malignancy-during-pregnancy-in-japan-an-exceptional-opportunity-for-early-diagnosis
#7
Masayuki Sekine, Yoshiyuki Kobayashi, Tsutomu Tabata, Tamotsu Sudo, Ryuichiro Nishimura, Koji Matsuo, Brendan H Grubbs, Takayuki Enomoto, Tomoaki Ikeda
BACKGROUND: Malignancy during pregnancy has become a significant cause of maternal death in developed countries, likely due to both an older pregnant population, and increases of cervical cancer in younger women. Our aim is to investigate the clinical aspects of malignancy during pregnancy in Japan and to use this information to identify opportunities for earlier detection and treatment. METHODS: We provided a questionnaire to 1508 secondary or tertiary care hospitals in Japan...
February 8, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412392/coexistence-of-diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-and-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-in-a-patient-affected-by-hashimoto-s-thyroiditis
#8
Maria Trovato, Giuseppe Giuffrida, Antonino Seminara, Simone Fogliani, Vittorio Cavallari, Rosaria Maddalena Ruggeri, Alfredo Campennì
Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common type of thyroid cancer. On the contrary, primary thyroid lymphoma (PTL) is a rare disease, accounting for 2% to 5% of all thyroid malignancies. Despite several cases in which both PTC and PTL arise in the setting of Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT), the coexistence of both tumors in HT patients is very rare. Herein we report the case of a 66-year-old woman with long-standing nodular HT under replacement therapy, who presented with a fast, painless enlargement in the right anterior side of the neck...
December 2017: Archives of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409478/parathyroid-cysts-experience-of-a-rare-phenomenon-at-a-single-institution
#9
Peipei Xu, Xiaotian Xia, Meifang Li, Minggao Guo, Zhili Yang
BACKGROUND: Parathyroid cysts are relatively uncommon lesions and are often misdiagnosed. We evaluate our experience in the diagnosis of and therapy to correct parathyroid cystic lesions. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed a series of 32 patients with parathyroid cysts who were admitted to our department between July 2011 and November 2016. Clinical pathological features of the patients, including age, gender, location, size, ultrasonography, histopathology, surgery, and follow-up, were analyzed...
February 6, 2018: BMC Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402848/do-statins-affect-thyroid-volume-and-nodule-size-in-patients-with-hyperlipidemia-in-a-mildly-to-moderately-iodine-deficient-region-a-prospective-study
#10
Canan Demir, Cuneyd Anil, Yusuf Bozkus, Umut Mousa, Altug Kut, Asli Nar, Neslihan B Tutuncu
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the anti-proliferative pleiotropic effects of statins on thyroid function, volume and nodularity. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: One hundred and six hyperlipidemic patients were included in this prospective study. Sixty nine patients in the statin groups received atorvastatin (16 patients received 10 mg, 18 received 20 mg) or rosuvastatin (20 patients received 10 mg, 15 received 20 mg); 37 patients in the control group assessed as not requiring drugs only made lifestyle changes...
January 23, 2018: Medical Principles and Practice: International Journal of the Kuwait University, Health Science Centre
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398964/stimulated-serum-thyroglobulin-levels-versus-unstimulated-serum-thyroglobulin-in-the-follow-up-of-patients-with-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#11
Saumya Sara Sunny, Julie Hephzibah, David Mathew, Joseph Dian Bondu, Nylla Shanthly, Regi Oommen
Serum thyroglobulin (Tg) and thyroid whole-body radioiodine scintigraphy (TWBS) are used in the follow-up of patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) after total thyroidectomy. Symptoms of hypothyroidism are frequent as patients discontinue levothyroxine 1 month before visit, favoring the use of unstimulated serum Tg (uSTg) only. This study was done to determine the reliability of stimulated serum Tg levels (sSTg) over uSTg. A total of 650 patients with PTC came for follow-up between June 2011 and 2016...
January 2018: World Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393083/factors-that-influence-sample-adequacy-in-liquid-based-cytology-after-ultrasonography-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-of-thyroid-nodules-a-single-center-study
#12
Yoo Jin Lee, Dong Wook Kim, Soo Jin Jung, Hye Jin Baek
OBJECTIVE: The factors that influence the acquisition of adequate samples during liquid-based cytology (LBC) remain unclear. This study aimed to identify factors that affect cytological adequacy in LBC after ultrasonography (US)-guided fine-needle aspiration (US-FNA) of thyroid nodules. STUDY DESIGN: From January 2017 to May 2017, a single radiologist performed US-FNA to diagnose 112 thyroid nodules in 112 consecutive patients. Based on US findings after US-FNA, the size, location, position, composition, calcification, and vascularity of each nodule, as well as the US-based diagnosis, were investigated by the same radiologist...
January 23, 2018: Acta Cytologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392045/importance-of-sonoelastography-in-assessing-non-thyroid-neck-masses
#13
Mustafa Şahin, İdil Tatar, Aydın Kurt, Ömer Bayır, Güleser Saylam, Baki Hekimoğlu, Hakan Korkmaz
Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and value of sonoelastography in assessing non-thyroid neck masses. Methods: Non-thyroid neck masses requiring surgical interventions were evaluated using conventional B-mode ultrasonography (US) (size, short/long axis rate, shape, hilum, echogenity, calcification, necrosis, and peripheral edema) and sonoelastograpy (SE) with strain ratio (SR) and elasticity score (ES) before surgery. These parameters were compared with the histopathological examination...
March 2017: Turkish Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390266/pycnodysostosis-with-novel-gene-mutation-and-sporadic-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma-a-case-report
#14
Xiulin Shi, Caoxin Huang, Fangsen Xiao, Wei Liu, Jinyang Zeng, Xuejun Li
RATIONALE: Pycnodysostosis is a rare autosomal recessive skeletal dysplasia caused by a mutation in the cathepsin K encoded by cathepsin K gene (CTSK). Medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) is also a relatively rare type of primary thyroid carcinoma. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 31-year-old woman presenting a short stature and a palpable nodule in the front of her neck that had gradually increased in size during the last 2 years was referred to our department. She has experienced multiple fractures at lower limbs in the last 2 decades...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387664/papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-presenting-as-a-cystic-neck-lesion-case-series
#15
Sethu T Subha, Mohd-Adzreil Bakri, Hisyam Salleh, Mohamad Doi, Abdul-Jalil Nordin
Introduction: Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) constitutes 75-85% of all thyroid cancers. PTC usually presents as a subtle, commonly slow-growing, painless thyroid mass or a solitary nodule in the neck. This presentation of a cystic neck lump, without the presence of a thyroid nodule, may imitate the course of a benign disease, thus delaying diagnosis and proper treatment. Case Report: Three cases that had been initially presented as a cystic neck lesion in which a benign etiology was considered primarily were compiled in this study...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383423/cervical-lymph-node-metastases-of-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-in-the-central-and-lateral-compartments-in-children-and-adolescents-predictive-factors
#16
C Spinelli, F Tognetti, S Strambi, R Morganti, M Massimino, P Collini
PROBLEM STATEMENT: The aim of our study was to identify predictive factors for lymph node metastases (LNM) in children and adolescents with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) and their impact on survival. METHODS: The authors conducted an Italian multicentric retrospective analysis on 132 pediatric patients (0-18 years old) affected by PTC between 2000 and 2014. The investigated variables were demographic characteristics of the patients, clinicopathological features of PTCs, and persistence/recurrence of disease...
January 30, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29379243/evaluation-of-parenchymal-thyroid-diseases-with-multiparametric-ultrasonography
#17
Duzgun Yildirim, Deniz Alis, Alev Bakir, Fethi E Ustabasioglu, Cesur Samanci, Bulent Colakoglu
Aim: Differential diagnosis of parenchymal thyroid diseases by gray-scale ultrasound is quite difficult for a radiologist as the findings are very similar to each other. In this study we aimed to assess some quantitative spectral Doppler parameters, resistivity index (RI), acceleration time (AT), and quantitative elastography [shear wave velocity (SWV)] together to show their reliability for differential diagnosis of parenchymal thyroid diseases. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively reviewed findings of 227 patients (179 females, 48 males) that underwent spectral Doppler ultrasound and acoustic radiation force impulse between October 2013 and March 2016...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374470/association-of-thyroid-nodules-with-adiposity-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study-in-china
#18
Bin Song, Zhihua Zuo, Juan Tan, Jianjin Guo, Weiping Teng, Yibing Lu, Chao Liu
BACKGROUND: The association between thyroid nodules and adiposity remains controversial. We performed a cross-sectional, community-based study to examine whether thyroid nodules are associated with overweight and obesity, as defined with body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference. METHODS: The study included 1482 subjects (≥20 years of age; residing in Nanjing, China) receiving questionnaire interview, anthropometric measurements, laboratory tests and thyroid ultrasonography in 2009-2010...
January 27, 2018: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360693/the-relationship-between-semiquantitative-parameters-derived-from-technetium-99m-metoxyisobutylisonitrile-dual-phase-parathyroid-single-photon-emission-computed-tomography-images-and-disease-severity-in-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#19
Derya Çayir, Mine Araz, Ali Yalçindağ, Erman Çakal
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between multiple semiquantitative indices on technetium-99m metoxyisobutylisonitrile (Tc-99m MIBI) parathyroid single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and clinical, laboratory, and radiological data was investigated in primary hyperparathyroidism. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Ninety-three patients who had a histopathologically confirmed single parathyroid adenoma (PT) were enrolled. Regions of interests were drawn around the PT, neighboring thyroid (T), and background in early and late planar images and isocontour regions of interests around the adenoma in SPECT images (PT SPECT)...
January 22, 2018: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354013/ultrasonographic-interval-changes-in-solid-thyroid-nodules-after-ultrasonography-guided-fine-needle-aspiration
#20
Ik Jung Hwang, Dong Wook Kim, Yoo Jin Lee, Hye Jung Choo, Soo Jin Jung, Hye Jin Baek
Objective: None of the previous studies have investigated the interval change in ultrasonography (US) features of solid thyroid nodules (STNs) after US-guided fine-needle aspiration (US-FNA). This study aimed to assess the prevalence and characteristics of US interval changes in STNs after US-FNA. Materials and Methods: This study included 257 STNs in 257 patients in whom thyroid US and initial US-FNA had been performed by two radiologists from January 2015 to June 2015...
January 2018: Korean Journal of Radiology: Official Journal of the Korean Radiological Society
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