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Thyroid ultrasonography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678501/anatomic-factors-affecting-the-use-of-ultrasound-to-predict-vocal-fold-motion-a-pilot-study
#1
Maheer M Masood, Benjamin Huang, Allie Goins, Trevor G Hackman
PURPOSE: Ultrasonography is a well-established modality for visualization of head and neck anatomy. Using ultrasound to detect vocal fold mobility has been described before, but no study has evaluated factors affecting the exam reliability. The aim of the study is to determine anatomic factors influencing the reliability of ultrasound to detect vocal fold motion. Methods and materials Patients underwent ultrasound evaluation and flexible laryngoscopy to assess vocal fold motion from August 2015 to March 2016...
April 13, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673665/diminished-ovarian-reserve-in-patients-with-psoriasis
#2
Burcu Tuğrul Ayanoğlu, Elif Didem Özdemir, Onur Türkoğlu, Aslıhan Alhan
OBJECTIVE: Psoriasis is a multi-systemic chronic inflammatory skin disease. Previous data suggests that women with some chronic inflammatory diseases have diminished ovarian reserve. This study explores ovarian reserve in patients with psoriasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively analyzed 14 female patients with psoriasis and 35 healthy age and body mass index matched controls. An interview explored demographic characteristics, obstetrical history and menstrual characteristics...
April 2018: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671346/insulin-resistance-is-associated-with-larger-thyroid-volume-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-independently-from-presence-of-thyroid-autoimmunity
#3
Anita Rogowicz-Frontczak, Stanislaw Pilacinski, Anna Teresa Chwialkowska, Dariusz Naskret, Dorota Zozulinska-Ziolkiewicz
To investigate the effect of insulin resistance (IR) on thyroid function, thyroid autoimmunity (AIT) and thyroid volume in type 1 diabetes (T1DM). 100 consecutive patients with T1DM aged 29 (±6) years with diabetes duration 13 (±6) years were included. Exclusion criteria were: history of thyroid disease, current treatment with L-thyroxin or anti-thyroid drugs. Evaluation of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), free thyroid hormones and anti-thyroid antibodies was performed. Thyroid volume was measured by ultrasonography...
April 19, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666959/carney-complex-a-case-with-thyroid-follicular-adenoma-without-a-prkar1a-mutation
#4
Shinji Hattori, Yukou Yamane, Ryoichi Shimomura, Yuki Uchida, Nobuhiko Toyota, Yoshio Miura, Setsujyo Shiota, Yoshitsugu Tajima
BACKGROUND: Carney complex (CNC) is a very rare disease. Although thyroid lesions are included in the diagnostic criteria for CNC, they are an infrequent occurrence. CASE PRESENTATION: The patient was a 69-year-old woman who had undergone the removal of a left atrial myxoma 10 years earlier, at the age of 59. At the time of the operation, thyroid ultrasonography (US) revealed multiple hypoechoic nodules. Thyroid scintigraphy revealed an increased uptake of 99m Tc in these lesions, which was consistent with toxic multinodular goiter, and she was diagnosed with CNC...
April 17, 2018: Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660914/shearwave%C3%A2-elastography-for-evaluation-of-the-elasticity-of-hashimoto-s-thyroiditis
#5
Haifang Liu, Yuping Zhu, Jie Jiao, Jia Yuan, Tianning Pu, Qiang Yong
The aim of this study was to assess the elasticity of Hashimoto's thyroiditis in the different processes via supersonic ShearWave™ Elastography (SWE™). Quantitative information is delivered as Young's modulus value expressed in kilo-Pascal (kPa). 30 healthy female and 30 healthy male individuals aging at 40±20 y had undergone conventional ultrasonography and SWE to determine the influence of gender on elasticity of thyroid. Also 60 female and 60 male patients (mean age, 40±20 y) with Hashimoto's thyroiditis in different processes underwent conventional ultrasonography and SWE to determine the elasticity of thyroid in Hashimoto's thyroiditis...
April 13, 2018: Clinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649016/thyroid-cancer-management-from-a-suspicious-nodule-to-targeted-therapy
#6
Francesco Perri, Antonio Giordano, Salvatore Pisconti, Franco Ionna, Maria G Chiofalo, Francesco Longo, Davide Leopardo, Giuseppina Della Vittoria Scarpati, Luciano Pezzullo
Thyroid nodules are very common, and their frequency is four to five times higher in women than in men. Most of them are benign, with only a very little percentage revealing a malignant neoplasm. About 50% of thyroid nodules are detected by self-palpation of neck, whereas the other 50% are diagnosed by neck ultrasonography and following fine-needle aspiration. Management of thyroid nodules is very difficult, because benign nodules are prevalent, whereas thyroid carcinoma is uncommon, representing only 1% of all malignancies...
April 11, 2018: Anti-cancer Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642533/rhabdomyolysis-in-a-young-girl-with-van-wyk-grumbach-syndrome-due-to-severe-hashimoto-thyroiditis
#7
Alberto Leonardi, Laura Penta, Marta Cofini, Lucia Lanciotti, Nicola Principi, Susanna Esposito
Background: Autoimmune hypothyroidism (Hashimoto thyroiditis; HT) is the most common postnatal thyroid disease. Clinical manifestations of HT vary according to disease severity. Due to the pleiotropic effects of thyroid hormone, less common signs and symptoms of HT can occur, leading to a delay in diagnosis. Case presentation: A 9-year-old girl of Indian origin was admitted for a one-week history of widespread myalgia, fatigue, muscle weakness, difficulty walking, and a significant increase in weight (approximately 2 kg) without any changes in daily habits...
April 9, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29624094/percutaneous-ethanol-injection-for-benign-cystic-and-mixed-thyroid-nodules
#8
A Ozderya, K Aydin, N Gokkaya, S Temizkan
BACKGROUND/AIM: We aimed to determine the effect of percutaneous ethanol injection (PEI) on volume of cystic and mixed thyroid nodules, thyroid function tests (TFTs), antibody titers and cytological changes for 1 year. METHODS: Fifty-five nodules of 53 patients with cystic and mixed properties treated with PEI were included. Nodule volumes, TFTs, thyroid autoantibodies were analyzed at baseline, 6th and 12th months. Fine needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) was performed to PEI applied nodules in the 12th month...
April 6, 2018: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613968/dosimetry-based-treatment-for-graves-disease
#9
Steve L Hyer, Brenda Pratt, Matthew Gray, Sarah Chittenden, Yong Du, Clive L Harmer, Glenn D Flux
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study was to assess the long-term outcome of a personalized dosimetry approach in Graves' disease aiming to render patients euthyroid from a planned thyroid absorbed dose of 60 Gy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 284 patients with Graves' disease were followed prospectively following administration of radioiodine calculated to deliver an absorbed dose of 60 Gy. Patients with cardiac disease were excluded. Outcomes were analysed at yearly intervals for up to 10 years with a median follow-up of 37...
April 2, 2018: Nuclear Medicine Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599750/postoperative-neck-ultrasonography-surveillance-after-thyroidectomy-in-patients-with-medullary-thyroid-carcinoma-a-multicenter-study
#10
Hye Shin Ahn, Dong Wook Kim, Yoo Jin Lee, Chang Yoon Lee, Ji-Hoon Kim, Yoon Jung Choi, Song Lee, Inseon Ryoo, Jung Yin Huh, Jin Yong Sung, Jin Young Kwak, Hye Jin Baek
Background: For detecting tumor recurrence of medullary thyroid carcinoma (MTC) in the neck, an appropriate frequency and interval of postoperative ultrasonography (US) surveillance remains unclear. This study aimed to assess an appropriate interval and frequency of postoperative neck US surveillance for detecting tumor recurrence in patients who had undergone thyroid surgery due to MTC. Methods: A total of 86 patients who had undergone thyroid surgery for the treatment of MTC and had at least one postoperative US follow-up examination at any of nine affiliated hospitals were included...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29595320/thyroid-nodules-and-cancer-in-children-and-adolescents-affected-by-hashimoto-s-thyroiditis
#11
Ji-Hye Won, Ji Ye Lee, Hyun Sook Hong, Sun Hye Jeong
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the rates of thyroid nodules and cancer in pediatric cases of Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) in Korea. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 89 pediatric and adolescent patients (age, 3-18.0 years) with HT who underwent thyroid ultrasonography (US) at our institution from February 2006 to July 2016. The diagnosis of HT was based on the presence of thyroid autoantibodies. The presence of any thyroid nodules with US and cytopathologic features was analyzed...
March 29, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29594053/indeterminate-thyroid-nodules-a-pragmatic-approach
#12
Aly Bernard Khalil, Roberto Dina, Karim Meeran, Ali M Bakir, Saf Naqvi, Alia Al Tikritti, Nader Lessan, Maha T Barakat
Background: Fine needle aspiration (FNA) cytology fails to provide a conclusive diagnosis in a subset of thyroid lesions labeled as "indeterminate" (Thy3). In this study, we aimed at ascertaining the prevalence of Thy3 thyroid nodules in a hitherto unreported ethnic group (residents of the United Arab Emirates). Methods: We retrospectively examined 688 FNA of the thyroid performed on 584 patients. Samples were reported using the Royal College of Physicians' (RCP) Thy classification...
January 2018: European Thyroid Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593648/appropriate-frequency-and-interval-of-neck-ultrasonography-surveillance-during-the-first-10-years-after-total-thyroidectomy-in-patients-with-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#13
Yoo Jin Lee, Dong Wook Kim, Gi Won Shin, Young Jin Heo, Jin Wook Baek, Young Jun Cho, Young Mi Park, Ha Kyoung Park, Tae Kwun Ha, Do Hun Kim, Soo Jin Jung, Ji Sun Park, Ki Jung Ahn, Hye Jin Baek
Background: No previous study has employed the frequency and interval of follow-up ultrasonography (US) during the first 10 years after total thyroidectomy in patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). The aim of this study was to determine the appropriate frequency and interval of follow-up US during the first 10 years in patients who have undergone total thyroidectomy for PTC. Methods: Two hundred seventy-two patients underwent total thyroidectomy for PTC at our institution from January 2006 to December 2007...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593440/graves-disease-in-central-ghana-clinical-characteristics-and-associated-factors
#14
Osei Sarfo-Kantanka, Fred Stephen Sarfo, Eunice Oparebea Ansah, Ishmael Kyei
Background: Graves disease (GD) has increased in prevalence over the past decade in Africa. Despite this, the condition is not well described, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. Objective: We have described the clinical characteristics and associated factors of GD in a cohort of patients attending a resource-limited setting tertiary hospital. Methods: Patients were examined thoroughly and systematically tested for the degree of clinical and biochemical thyroid status...
2018: Clinical Medicine Insights. Endocrinology and Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29592980/metastatic-pheochromocytoma-in-men-2a-a-rare-association
#15
Rimesh Pal, Ashu Rastogi, Santosh Kumar, Anil Bhansali
A 45-year-old woman was diagnosed as having multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A in 2014. She had bilateral pheochromocytoma, medullary thyroid carcinoma and biopsy-proven cutaneous lichen amyloidosis in the interscapular area. She underwent bilateral adrenalectomy; following which, she achieved clinical and biochemical remission. She was planned for total thyroidectomy at a later date; however, she was lost to follow-up. She presented to us again in December 2016 with abdominal pain. Examination revealed hypertension with postural drop...
March 28, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575838/-study-on-the-relationship-between-ultrasonographic-features-of-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-and-central-cervical-lymph-node-metastasis
#16
X Q Wang, W Wei, X Wei, Y Xu, H L Wang, X J Xing, S Zhang
Objective: To investigate the correlation between ultrasonographic features of papillary thyroid carcinoma and central cervical lymph node metastasis. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed 486 patients with papillary thyroid carcinoma(PTC), pathologically confirmed after surgery in Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute & Hospital. All patients were divided into central cervical lymph node metastasis group and non-metastasis group. No lateral cervical lymph node metastasis was found in preoperative ultrasonography and postoperative pathology...
March 23, 2018: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558300/thyroid-imaging-reporting-and-data-system-ti-rads-a-user-s-guide
#17
Franklin N Tessler, William D Middleton, Edward G Grant
In 2017, the Thyroid Imaging Reporting and Data System (TI-RADS) Committee of the American College of Radiology (ACR) published a white paper that presented a new risk-stratification system for classifying thyroid nodules on the basis of their appearance at ultrasonography (US). In ACR TI-RADS, points in five feature categories are summed to determine a risk level from TR1 to TR5. Recommendations for biopsy or US follow-up are based on the nodule's ACR TI-RADS level and its maximum diameter. The purpose of this article is to offer practical guidance on how to implement and apply ACR TI-RADS based on the authors' experience with the system...
April 2018: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550843/-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-and-ultrasonogrpahy-in-differentiated-thyroid-carcinoma-patients-with-elevated-serum-levels-of-antithyroglobulin-antibody-negative-tg-and-whole-body-131-i-scan
#18
Jiao Liu, Baoping Liu, Yanxia Yu, Fangfang Chao, Yan Liu, Xingmin Han
OBJECTIVE: In the follow-up of patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC), several patients had elevated serum levels of antithyroglobulin antibody (TgAb), undetectable serum thyroglobulin (Tg), and negative radioiodine whole body scan (131 I-WBS). We describe the use of neck ultrasonography (US) and fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18 F-FDG PET/CT) imaging in these patients to investigate this clinically challenging problem and propose treating...
March 20, 2018: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549631/combined-braf-v600e-analysis-and-99m-tc-mibi-scintigraphy-can-be-a-useful-diagnostic-tool-in-differentiated-thyroid-cancer-patients-with-incomplete-bio-chemical-response-to-first-radioiodine-therapy-rait-a-pilot-investigation
#19
A Campennì, R M Ruggeri, M Siracusa, S A Pignata, F Di Mauro, A Vento, F Trimarchi, S Baldari
PURPOSE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the possible diagnostic role of the combined performance of BRAF mutation analysis and MIBI scintigraphy in papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) patients with incomplete bio-chemical response to first radioiodine therapy (RAIT) performed for thyroid remnant ablation. METHODS: The records of 15 PTC patients with bio-chemical incomplete response to first RAIT were retrospectively analyzed. BRAFV600E analysis on primary tumor samples was obtained in all cases along with neck ultrasonography and99m Tc-MIBI scintigraphy of the neck-thorax regions at first follow-up...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546281/diagnostic-accuracy-of-ultrasound-with-color-flow-doppler-in-children-with-thyroid-nodules
#20
Anthony W Gannon, Jill E Langer, Richard Bellah, Sarah Ratcliffe, Jennifer Pizza, Sogol Mostoufi-Moab, Anne R Cappola, Andrew J Bauer
Context: Thyroid nodules are increasingly recognized in children and are associated with a greater risk for thyroid cancer compared to adults. Thyroid ultrasound is the favored tool for evaluation of thyroid nodules; however, there are limited data regarding the accuracy of thyroid ultrasound to confirm features associated with a low risk of thyroid cancer in children. Objectives: We examined whether thyroid ultrasound is capable of accurately identifying thyroid nodules at a low risk of malignancy in children...
March 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
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