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Vincenzo Consalvo, Gerarda Barbieri, Amalia Rosaria Rita Rossetti, Mafalda Romano, Rosaria Contieri, Salvatore Tramontano, Carmela Rescigno, Massimo Infranzi, Domenico Lombardi
INTRODUCTION: The term ectopic thyroid refers to the presence of thyroid tissue located far from its usual anatomic placement and with no vascular connection to the main gland. The presence of swelling in atypical locations is diagnostically differentiated from other pathologies like pleomorphic adenoma or carcinoma, inflammatory lesions like sialadenitis, neurogenic tumors, paraganglioma, fibrolipoma and lymphadenopaties of diverse etiologies. PRESENTATION OF CASE: Here we present the case of a submandibular ectopic thyroid in a 67year old woman...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Domenico Albano, Andrea Borghesi, Giovanni Bosio, Mattia Bertoli, Roberto Maroldi, Raffaele Giubbini, Francesco Bertagna
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate the CT and fluorine-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/CT ((18)F-FDG PET/CT) imaging findings of lung mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma. METHODS: 28 patients with histologically confirmed pulmonary MALT lymphoma who underwent a chest CT and (18)F-FDG PET/CT for staging were retrospectively analysed. The CT images were evaluated to determine morphological pattern of appearance, laterality, localization, number, size, presence of thoracic lymphadenopaties and secondary/combined findings...
November 2017: British Journal of Radiology
Priyanka Chand, Rajeev Dogra, Nidhi Chauhan, Renu Gupta, Pratima Khare
BACKGROUND: Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of lymph nodes is a simple, cost effective, out-patient procedure used for diagnosis of various causes of lymphadenopathies. In tuberculous lymphadenitis, it not only used for the cytological diagnosis but also used for other ancillary testing such as Ziehl- Neelsen staining and AFB Culture. AIMS: Our study was designed to evaluate the cytopathological pattern of FNAC aspirate of patients presenting with lymphadenopathy with special reference to tuberculous lymphadenopathy...
September 2014: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Paola Mapelli, Henry H Tam, Rohini Sharma, Eric O Aboagye, Adil Al-Nahhas
AIM: The objective of this study was to assess the relevance of physiological (68)Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT findings in the pancreas guided by morphological imaging (MI) in comparison with pathological tumour uptake in patients with neuroendocrine tumours (NETs). METHODS: A total of 138 patients with pancreatic NET (pNET; n=38) or non-pNET (n=100) underwent (68)Ga-DOTATATE PET/CT. Pancreatic regions with intensity higher than background were localized with anatomical reference support [head/uncinate process (HUP); body/tail (BT)] and classified as tumour, suspicious or physiological...
June 2014: Nuclear Medicine Communications
Elif Küpeli, Ruhsel Corut, Leyla Memis, Fusun Eyüboglu
SESSION TYPE: Diagnostic BronchoscopyPRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 23, 2012 at 04:30 PM - 05:45 PMPURPOSE: Conventional transbronchial needle aspiration (C-TBNA) has been proven to be a safe, minimally invasive, and cost-effective technique in establishing diagnosis of mediastinal pathologies. We studied the success of C-TBNA in our community practice, in patients with mediastinal lymphadenopaties.METHODS: Technique of C-TBNA was learned solely from the literature, videos and practicing on inanimate models at "Hands-On" courses...
October 1, 2012: Chest
R Dumitru, Andra Scarlat, M lonescu, T Dumitrascu
Double inferior vena cava is a rare congenital anomaly, usually detected by computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. Although asymptomatic, it may have a clinical significance, as it may mimic a para-aortic lymphadenopaty. A case of left-sided duplication of the inferior vena cava in a patient with sigmoid colon cancer is presented. The diagnostic pitfalls and clinical implications are discussed. Accurate preoperative assessment of such an anatomical variant is of utmost importance, this way potentially life-threatening surgical complications, particularly when a minimally invasive approach is planned, are prevented...
July 2012: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
Ciro Cipullo, Bruno Amato, Elena Vigliar, Vincenzo Di Crescenzo, Pio Zeppa
Infectious diseases are one of the main causes of lymph node enlargement both in children and adults and represent a benign and reversible process. Clinical evaluation, serological data, microbiological and molecular tests and imaging techniques are generally used in the diagnosis of reactive lymph nodes determined by infectious diseases but, in some cases, do not assess their origin and nature. Surgical excision and histological control represent the gold standard in the diagnosis of lymphadenopaties, but they might be unnecessary procedures just for diagnostic purposes in benign reactive lymph nodal enlargement...
2012: Le Infezioni in Medicina
Petar Senjug, Karmen Trutin Ostović, Zorana Miletić, Cedna Tomasović Loncarić, Tajana Stoos-Veić, Branimir Gizdić, Gordana Kaić, Gorana Aralica, Vlatko Pejsa, Ozren Jaksić
Today lymphomas are defined according to a combination of morphology, immunophenotype, genetic features and clinical presentation, so beside the pure cytomorphologic analysis in diagnosis of lymphoma ancillary techniques such as cytochemistry, immunocytochemistry, molecular diagnosis and flow cytometry (FC) are often used. Our goal was to determinate how is information given by fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) and FC correlated with pathohistologic diagnosis and to evaluate ability to diagnose and subclassify malignant lymphomas by FNAC and FC...
March 2010: Collegium Antropologicum
G Caruso, F M Passàli, L Salerni, G Molinaro, M Messina
OBJECTIVE: Lymph nodal disease is one of the most common manifestations of head and neck tuberculosis and is particularly frequent in paediatric patients with an increasing incidence in the last decade. It may represent the manifestation of a systemic tuberculous disease or a clinical entity specific of the neck. Aim of this paper is to retrospectively analyse mycobacterial cervical adenopathies observed in two Paediatric European Centers between 1986 and 2004 and the outcomes of medical or surgical treatment...
December 2009: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
E Peker, A Ayaydin, N Duran
Tularaemia is a zoonotic disease caused by Francisella tularensis . In this report, we have presented an early stage case of tularemia with fever and pharyngitis and two cases from the same non-endemic region with typical lymphadenitis. All three patients were treated with non-specific medications in healthcare centres, the treatment being directed towards symptoms resembling those of upper respiratory tract infections. However, there was no regression in their complaints. Because the first case had been treated earlier, his lymphadenopaties regressed and there was no suppuration...
July 2009: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Ariel Modrykamien, Andrea Arrossi, Anita Reddy
We present a case of a 50-year-old man who presented with progressive shortness of breath, cough, chest pain, and weight loss. His computer tomography (CT) scan of the chest showed a left-sided pleural effusion, subpleural and peribronchovascular nodules, bilateral hilar and mediastinal lymphadenopaties. Traasbronchial biopsies of the lung parenchyma and Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS) with pleural biopsies revealed the presence of noncaseating granulomas. A diagnosis of stage 2 sarcoidosis with pleural involvement was made and treatment with prednisone was started...
April 2009: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
Macrina Gutiérrez-Castro, Beatriz De León-Bojorge, Teresa Cuesta-Mejías, Javier Baquera-Heredia, Alvaro Padilla-Rodríguez, Carlos Ortiz-Hidalgo
Kikuchi-Fujimoto disease also known as histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenopaty (HNL) is a rare entity, originally described in Japanese population, although currently it has been described all over the world. It is more frequent in young women and it is usually located in cervical lymph nodes. We report 14 cases of HNL in Mexican population, their clinicopathological and immunohistochemical study as well as a comparative study with other necrotizing lymphadenopaties due to B or T-cell lymphomas, tuberculosis, Epstein Barr virus infection, and non-specific necrosis...
September 2006: Revista de Investigación Clínica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutrición
Aynur Oguz, Ceyda Karadeniz, Ebru Atike Temel, Elvan Caglar Citak, F Visal Okur
The aim of this study was to evaluate children with lymphadenopathy and clinical approach to the suspicion of malignancy. The authors evaluated 457 patients with peripheral lymphadenopathy, less than 19 years of age, and referred to the Pediatric Oncology Department of Gazi University Medical School during the periods March 1996-April 2004. A total of 346 patients had benign disorders and 111 had malignant pathologies. Excisional biopsies were performed to 134 patients. A specific etiology could be found 39% in the benign group...
October 2006: Pediatric Hematology and Oncology
M A Allende Bandrés, M Izuel Rami, E Urbieta Sanz, I Villar Fernández, J Carcelén Andrés
Antiepileptic hypersensitivity syndrome (SHA) is a rare (1/1.000 to 1/10.000 in new exposures) but potentially life-threatening syndrome that occurs after exposure to an anticonvulsant, most commonly the aromatic ones such as phenytoin, carbamazepine or phenobarbital. Clinical features of this syndrome include cutaneous reactions, fever, lymphadenopaties, eosinophilia and internal organ involvement (mainly liver, but also kidney, CNS, heart or lung). We present a case report of a 61-year-old woman treated with phenobarbital who developed a cutaneous eruption attributed to this drug...
January 2004: Farmacia Hospitalaria
Saban Gürcan, Müşerref Tatman Otkun, Metin Otkun, Osman Kürşat Arikan, Burçin Ozer
The aim of this study was to investigate the source and the size of a tularemia outbreak in a village located in a non-endemic area. Five patients from the same village were admitted to hospital with the same complaints all within one week of September 2001. Tularemia was suspected and a diagnosis was made after physical and anamnesis examinations. The village was visited the same week that the patients were admitted to the hospital, in the January and April 2002. The villagers were examined and screened serologically by microagglutination method and the water sources were investigated bacteriologically...
February 29, 2004: Yonsei Medical Journal
L. Cocchi, M. Mongiovetti, R. Giacchino, G. Barasolo, L. Rizzi, R. Maserati
Patients and methods: This is a retrospective study performed on HIV-positive patients discharged from our Institution from January 1993 through December 1998 with a diagnosis of bacterial pneumonia. Cases of TB or atypical micobacterial infection were excluded from this analysis. Causative organisms were identified, when possible, by taking into account positive cultures from diverse sources (blood, sputum, pleural fluid and others). Results: In the 6-yr period we considered, 120 patients were identified. Among them, we were able to obtain clinical and imaging data on 98 cases...
1999: Le Infezioni in Medicina
E Raise, L Guerra, D Viza, G Pizza, C De Vinci, M L Schiattone, L Rocaccio, M Cicognani, F Gritti
The efficiency of HIV-1 specific transfer factor (TF) administration, combined with Zidovudine (ZDV), in asymptomatic persistent generalised lymphadenopaty, or AIDS related complex (ARC) patients was evaluated. Twenty patients were randomly assigned to receive only ZDV (1st group) or ZDV together with HIV-1-specific TF (2nd group). HIV-1-specific TF was administered orally at 2 x 10(7) cell equivalent daily for 15 days, and thereafter once a week for up to 6 months. There were no significant differences between the two groups in clinical evolution, red blood cells, haemoglobin, lymphocytes, CD20 subset, transaminases, beta-2-microglobulin, p24 antigen...
1996: Biotherapy
P J Morillas Blasco, M A González Martínez, E Ferrandis Perepérez, E Serrano Badía, F Guallart Doménech, R Ferrer Jiménez
Kikuchi-Fujimoto's disease (histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis) is a benign, self-limited disease of unknown cause that often presents with persistently enlarged cervical lymph nodes that are unresponsive to antibiotic therapy. The disease should be considered in the differential diagnosis of cervical lymphadenopaty: viral infection, tuberculosis, hyperplastic lymphadenopathy, and metastatic disease. It can be confused histologically with malignant lymphoma.
May 1996: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
S Jiménez, T Molero, C Santana, R Mataix, L Guerra, L Florensa, S Woessner, J J Malcorra
PURPOSE: The splenic lymphoma with circulating villous lymphocytes (SLCVL) is an infrequent disease included within the low grade non Hodgkin's lymphoma, B-cell type. The results of the study of four patients are reported. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Clinical, cytological, immunophenotypic, ultrastructural, evolutive and therapeutic data have been revised in all the cases. RESULTS: Two males and 2 females of 76, 66, 68 and 62 years, respectively were diagnosed as having SLCVL...
December 1995: Sangre
K Ebe, S Eguchi, K Yamakawa, H Hashimoto, T Yokoyama, T Nakanishi, S Fujihara, M Hara
A patient with immunoblastic lymphadenopaty which evolved into immunoblastic sarcoma is reported. A 48-year-old female was admitted to our department because of cough and fever. A diagnosis of immunoblastic lymphadenopathy had been made two years before the present admission. Physical examination revealed generalized lymphadenopathy. Chest radiograms showed a left hilar mass. The pulmonary tumor and enlarged lymphnodes were treated by irradiation. Although there was marked improvement at first, she experienced several relapses...
October 1983: Gan No Rinsho. Japan Journal of Cancer Clinics
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