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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332106/single-center-experience-in-the-surgical-treatment-of-combined-lung-echinococcosis
#1
Shirtaev Bakhytzhan, Sundetov Mukhtar, Kassenbayev Ruslan, Voronin Denis, Ismailova Gulziya
OBJECTIVES: To compare results of surgical treatment and complications of patients with unilateral or bilateral thoracic and combined pulmonary echinococcosis. METHODS: This cross-sectional analysis of a prospective study was conducted in the Department of Thoracic and Pediatric Surgery, Scientific Center of Surgery, Almaty, Kazakhstan among 598 patients with pulmonary echinococcosis, who had surgical treatment with various surgical methods, depending on the prevalence of echinococcosis, as follows: right lung in 357 (59...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331346/predicting-low-resource-intensity-emergency-department-visits-in-children
#2
Margaret Samuels-Kalow, Alon Peltz, Jonathan Rodean, Matthew Hall, Elizabeth R Alpern, Paul L Aronson, Jay G Berry, Kathy N Shaw, Rustin B Morse, Stephen B Freedman, Eyal Cohen, Harold K Simon, Samir S Shah, Yiannis Katsogridakis, Mark I Neuman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Interventions to reduce frequent emergency department (ED) use in children are often limited by the inability to predict future risk. We sought to develop a population-based model for predicting Medicaid-insured children at risk for high frequency of low-resource intensity (LRI) ED visits. METHODS: Retrospective cohort analysis of Medicaid-insured children (age 1-18 years) included in the MarketScan® Medicaid database with ≥1 ED visit(s) in 2013...
January 10, 2018: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331317/resting-state-quantitative-eeg-characteristics-of-insomniac-patients-with-depression
#3
Yunna Kwan, Chorom Baek, Sunhye Chung, Tae Hui Kim, Sungwon Choi
Insomnia is known to show hyperarousal in the central nervous system. However, depression that often coexists with insomnia exhibits hypo-activity in the frontal lobe, which is very different from insomnia. In the present study, we examined wake resting state EEG of insomniac patients with depression to investigate whether they could be conceptualized as spectrum of insomnia or significantly different from insomnia. We compared the absolute power values of EEG spectra of three groups: 15 insomniacs with comorbid depression (CD), age- and sex-matched 15 comorbid-free insomniacs (CFI), and 15 good sleep controls (GSC)...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330993/chemical-composition-of-stones-in-paediatric-urolithiasis
#4
Kiran Imran, Mirza Naqi Zafar, Naureen Fatima, Uzma Ozair, Sajid Sultan, Syed Adibul Hasan Rizvi
BACKGROUND: Chemical composition of stones is one of the important diagnostic criteria for aetiology of stone formation and treatment to prevent recurrence. This paper reports composition of stones in children at a tertiary hospital by Fourier Transformation Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR). METHODS: Between January-June 2015, 412 urinary stones from children were analysed by FTIR. Chi-square tests were used for the comparison of categorical measurements between groups...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330858/long-term-outcomes-of-cochlear-implantation-in-patients-with-high-frequency-hearing-loss
#5
J Thomas Roland, Bruce J Gantz, Susan B Waltzman, Aaron J Parkinson
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the long-term benefits of implantation in patients with high-frequency sensorineural hearing loss, this report provides 5-year follow-up on a group of implant recipients who were subjects of the Cochlear™ Nucleus® Hybrid™ L24 Implant System pivotal clinical study. METHODS: The results of three related clinical studies were compiled to provide outcome data after 1, 3, and 5 years of implant use in a group of subjects who presented with preoperative high-frequency hearing loss and were implanted with a Nucleus Hybrid L24 (Cochlear Ltd...
January 13, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330681/verification-of-nonwords-the-baseword-frequency-effect-in-children-s-pseudohomophone-reading
#6
Simon P Tiffin-Richards, Sascha Schroeder
In this study, we investigated the baseword frequency effect in children and its implications for models of visual word recognition. The baseword frequency effect reflects the finding that response latencies in the lexical decision task to nonwords derived from high-frequency basewords (e.g., GREAN derived from GREEN) are shorter than for those derived from low-frequency basewords (e.g., SLEAT derived from SLEET). Importantly, the baseword frequency effect presents a challenge to current activation-based models of visual word recognition...
January 12, 2018: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330222/increased-sympathovagal-imbalance-evaluated-by-heart-rate-variability-is-associated-with-decreased-cardiac-t2-and-lv-function-in-transfusion-dependent-thalassemia-patients
#7
Sintip Pattanakuhar, Arintaya Phrommintikul, Adisak Tantiworawit, Sasikarn Konginn, Somdet Srichairattanakool, Siriporn C Chattipakorn, Nipon Chattipakorn
Early detection of iron overload cardiomyopathy is an important strategy in decreasing the mortality rate of patients with transfusion dependent thalassemia (TDT).  Although cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) T2* is effective in detecting cardiac iron deposition, it is costly and not generally available.  We investigated whether heart rate variability (HRV) can be used as a screening method of iron overload cardiomyopathy in TDT patients.  HRV, evaluated by 24-hour Holter monitoring, non-transferrin bound iron (NTBI), serum ferritin, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), and CMR-T2* were determined...
January 12, 2018: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330115/pediatric-onset-evans-syndrome-heterogeneous-presentation-and-high-frequency-of-monogenic-disorders-including-lrba-and-ctla4-mutations
#8
Caroline Besnard, Eva Levy, Nathalie Aladjidi, Marie-Claude Stolzenberg, Aude Magerus-Chatinet, Olivier Alibeu, Patrick Nitschke, Stéphane Blanche, Olivier Hermine, Eric Jeziorski, Judith Landman-Parker, Guy Leverger, Nizar Mahlaoui, Gérard Michel, Isabelle Pellier, Felipe Suarez, Isabelle Thuret, Geneviève de Saint-Basile, Capucine Picard, Alain Fischer, Bénédicte Neven, Frédéric Rieux-Laucat, Pierre Quartier
Evans syndrome (ES) is defined by the combination of autoimmune hemolytic anemia and immune thrombocytopenia. Clinical presentation includes manifestations of immune dysregulation, found in primary immune deficiencies, autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome with FAS (ALPS-FAS), Cytotoxic T Lymphocyte Antigen-4 (CTLA-4) and Lipopolysaccharide-Responsive vesicle trafficking Beige-like and Anchor protein (LRBA) defects. We report the clinical history and genetic results of 18 children with ES after excluding ALPS-FAS...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330044/effects-of-acupuncture-on-the-heart-rate-variability-cortisol-levels-and-behavioural-response-induced-by-thunder-sound-in-beagles
#9
Carolina Elisabetta Martins Maccariello, Carla Caroline Franzini de Souza, Laura Morena, Daniel Penteado Martins Dias, Magda Alves de Medeiros
Sound stimuli such as fireworks, firearms, and claps of thunder have been used as a stress reactivity model for dogs. Acupuncture has been widely used to treat and prevent physiological and behavioural disorders induced by stress. Our study aims to evaluate the effects of acupuncture on cardiac autonomic modulation (heart rate variability - HRV), behavioural (reactivity) and endocrine (cortisol levels) responses in dogs exposed to sounds of thunder. Twenty-four laboratory beagles (12 males and 12 females, 1-6years old) with no history of phobia to thunder were subjected to a sound stimulus that consisted of a standardized recording of thunder over a 150s period with a maximum intensity of 103-104dB...
January 9, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329983/attenuation-of-noise-induced-hyperactivity-in-the-dorsal-cochlear-nucleus-by-pre-treatment-with-mk-801
#10
M W Criddle, D A Godfrey, J A Kaltenbach
It has previously been hypothesized that hyperactivity of central auditory neurons following exposure to intense noise is a consequence of synaptic alterations. Recent studies suggest the involvement of NMDA receptors in the induction of this hyperactive state. NMDA receptors can mediate long term changes in the excitability of neurons through their involvement in excitotoxic injury and long term potentiation and depression. In this study, we examined the effect of administering an NMDA receptor blocker on the induction of hyperactivity in the dorsal cochlear nucleus (DCN) following intense sound exposure...
January 9, 2018: Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329670/motor-skill-interventions-in-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
REVIEW
Jane J Yu, Cindy H P Sit, Angus F Burnett
OBJECTIVES: To determine the characteristics and effectiveness of motor skill interventions in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD) and to identify potential moderators of training effects using meta-analysis. DATA SOURCES: A search was conducted in six databases (CINAHL Plus, Cochrane Library, Embase, Eric, PsycInfo, and PubMed) for papers published between 1995 and August 2017 using search items which were grouped in three components (motor skill interventions, DCD, and age group of interest)...
January 9, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329375/heterogeneous-redistribution-of-facial-subcategory-information-within-and-outside-the-face-selective-domain-in-primate-inferior-temporal-cortex
#12
Naohisa Miyakawa, Kei Majima, Hirohito Sawahata, Keisuke Kawasaki, Takeshi Matsuo, Naoki Kotake, Takafumi Suzuki, Yukiyasu Kamitani, Isao Hasegawa
The inferior temporal cortex (ITC) contains neurons selective to multiple levels of visual categories. However, the mechanisms by which these neurons collectively construct hierarchical category percepts remain unclear. By comparing decoding accuracy with simultaneously acquired electrocorticogram (ECoG), local field potentials (LFPs), and multi-unit activity in the macaque ITC, we show that low-frequency LFPs/ECoG in the early evoked visual response phase contain sufficient coarse category (e.g., face) information, which is homogeneous and enhanced by spatial summation of up to several millimeters...
January 10, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328259/ultra-high-speed-rf-filtering-switch-based-on-stimulated-brillouin-scattering
#13
Hengyun Jiang, Lianshan Yan, Wei Pan, Bing Luo, Xihua Zou
Radio frequency (RF) filtering switch is highly desired for signal routing or manipulation in the RF system. Based on the stimulated Brillouin scattering effect and the electro-optics Pockels effect, we propose a novel RF filtering switch with a high-frequency filtering precision and a fast switching speed. We have experimentally demonstrated the RF filtering with a high precision of ∼34  MHz, a wide operation bandwidth of ∼18  GHz, and the RF switching at a speed of <100  ps, which is hundreds of times faster than the traditional RF switch...
January 15, 2018: Optics Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328181/super-resolution-image-de-fencing-using-a-nonlocal-nonconvex-prior
#14
Sankaraganesh Jonna, Sukla Satapathy, Rajiv R Sahay
Today's smartphones/phablets/tablets are equipped with cameras that have enabled people to capture their favorite moments. However, images or videos taken at public places using inexpensive low-resolution cameras are often degraded by the presence of occlusions such as fences/barricades. In order to reconstruct a fence-free high-resolution image, we use a video of a scene captured by panning a hand-held camera and model the effects of various degradations. Initially, we obtain the spatial locations of fences by semantic segmentation and subsequently estimate the subpixel motion between the degraded low-resolution frames...
January 10, 2018: Applied Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327801/tense-and-plural-formation-in-welsh-english-bilingual-children-with-and-without-language-impairment
#15
Vasiliki Chondrogianni, Nerys John
BACKGROUND: Grammatical morphology has been shown to be problematic for children with specific language impairment (SLI) or developmental language disorder (DLD). Most research on this topic comes from widely spoken languages, such as English. Despite Welsh being the most extensively spoken indigenous in the UK after English, and Wales being the only official bilingual country in the UK, our knowledge about the morphosyntactic areas of Welsh that may pose problems for Welsh-speaking children with SLI is limited...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327728/diverse-modes-of-clonal-evolution-in-hbv-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma-revealed-by-single-cell-genome-sequencing
#16
Meng Duan, Junfeng Hao, Sijia Cui, Daniel L Worthley, Shu Zhang, Zhichao Wang, Jieyi Shi, Longzi Liu, Xiaoying Wang, Aiwu Ke, Ya Cao, Ruibin Xi, Xiaoming Zhang, Jian Zhou, Jia Fan, Chong Li, Qiang Gao
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a cancer of substantial morphologic, genetic and phenotypic diversity. Yet we do not understand the relationship between intratumor heterogeneity and the associated morphologic/histological characteristics of the tumor. Using single-cell whole-genome sequencing to profile 96 tumor cells (30-36 each) and 15 normal liver cells (5 each), collected from three male patients with HBV-associated HCC, we confirmed that copy number variations occur early in hepatocarcinogenesis but thereafter remain relatively stable throughout tumor progression...
January 12, 2018: Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327701/distribution-of-killer-immunoglobulin-like-receptor-genes-in-hiv-infected-long-term-non-progressors-from-mumbai-india
#17
Vijay R Chavan, Zakiya Ansari, Preeti Mehta, Jayanti Mania-Pramanik
BACKGROUND: Few reports suggest the association of killer immunoglobulin-like receptors of natural killer cells with human immunodeficiency virus infection. India with world's third largest population of human immunodeficiency virus / acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, offers scope to study such association. OBJECTIVE: Current study (2010-2015) was designed to evaluate if killer immunoglobulin-like receptors gene polymorphisms are associated with HIV infection outcomes specifically, with long term non progressors...
January 12, 2018: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327545/-study-on-therapeutic-effects-of-arthroscopic-repair-on-medial-patellar-retinaculum-acute-injury
#18
Min Ren, Ping Zhen, Yu-Jun Fang, Xiao-Long Ren, Chen-Po Dang, Fei-Yi Hou, Shen-Song Li
OBJECTIVE: To accurately define the injury position of medial patellar retinaculum with acute injury under the guiding of high frequency ultrasonography, and to study therapeutic effects of suture operation on medial patellar retinaculum in the injuried position. METHODS: From June 2009 to March 2014, there were 17 patients with acute patellar dislocation, 6 males and 11 females with average age of (16.2±6.2) years old. The duration time of patellar dislocation was 2 weeks...
January 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327159/efficacy-and-safety-of-third-line-molecular-targeted-therapy-in-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma-resistant-to-first-line-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-receptor-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitor-and-second-line-therapy
#19
Hiroki Ishihara, Toshio Takagi, Tsunenori Kondo, Hidekazu Tachibana, Kazuhiko Yoshida, Kenji Omae, Junpei Iizuka, Hirohito Kobayashi, Kazunari Tanabe
BACKGROUND: The number of studies evaluating the efficacy and safety of third-line molecular-targeted therapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) is limited. METHODS: The data for 48 patients with disease progression after first-line vascular endothelial growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) and second-line targeted therapy were evaluated. Patients with prior cytokine therapy were excluded. Overall survival (OS) after first- and second-line therapy initiation was compared between patients with and without third-line therapy...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325586/high-frequency-percussive-ventilation-increases-alveolar-recruitment-in-early-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-an-experimental-physiological-and-ct-scan-study
#20
Thomas Godet, Matthieu Jabaudon, Raïko Blondonnet, Aymeric Tremblay, Jules Audard, Benjamin Rieu, Bruno Pereira, Jean-Marc Garcier, Emmanuel Futier, Jean-Michel Constantin
BACKGROUND: High frequency percussive ventilation (HFPV) combines diffusive (high frequency mini-bursts) and convective ventilation patterns. Benefits include enhanced oxygenation and hemodynamics, and alveolar recruitment, while providing hypothetic lung-protective ventilation. No study has investigated HFPV-induced changes in lung aeration in patients with early acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). METHODS: Eight patients with early non-focal ARDS were enrolled and five swine with early non-focal ARDS were studied in prospective computed tomography (CT) scan and animal studies, in a university-hospital tertiary ICU and an animal laboratory...
January 11, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
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