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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447257/access-to-health-insurance-coverage-among-sub-saharan-african-migrants-living-in-france-results-of-the-anrs-parcours-study
#1
Nicolas Vignier, Annabel Desgrées du Loû, Julie Pannetier, Andrainolo Ravalihasy, Anne Gosselin, France Lert, Nathalie Lydié, Olivier Bouchaud, Rosemary Dray Spira
BACKGROUND: Migrants' access to care depends on their health insurance coverage in the host country. We aimed to evaluate in France the dynamic and the determinants of health insurance coverage acquisition among sub-Saharan migrants. METHODS: In the PARCOURS life-event retrospective survey conducted in 2012-2013 in health-care facilities in the Paris region, data on health insurance coverage (HIC) each year since arrival in France has been collected among three groups of sub-Saharan migrants recruited in primary care centres (N = 763), centres for HIV care (N = 923) and for chronic hepatitis B care (N = 778)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438439/mother-to-child-transmission-of-hiv-in-brazil-data-from-the-birth-in-brazil-study-a-national-hospital-based-study
#2
Rosa Maria Soares Madeira Domingues, Valeria Saraceni, Maria do Carmo Leal
AIMS: to estimate the mother to child transmission (MTCT) of HIV among infected pregnant women identified in the "Birth in Brazil" study and to evaluate care practices provided in order to identify missed opportunities at preventing the MTCT of HIV infection in the country. METHODS: Descriptive study using data obtained from the consultation of different databases: the "Birth in Brazil" study database and the Brazilian National Information Systems (NIS) databases...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435794/emergency-contraceptive-pills-ecp-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-among-women-working-in-the-entertainment-industry-and-men-in-the-trucking-industry-bhutan
#3
Deki Pem, Tshewang Nidup, Ugyen Wangdi, Dorji Pelzom, Ali Mirzazadeh, Willi McFarland
Emergency contraceptive pills (ECP) were recently made available over the counter in Bhutan. We evaluated knowledge, attitudes, and practices concerning ECP in 2 populations at risk for HIV and STI (sexually transmitted infections): entertainment women (drayang) and male truck drivers and helpers (truckers). Of 179 drayang and 437 truckers intercepted at venues, 73.7 and 21.1%, respectively, had heard of ECP; 47.0% of drayang had used them. Their concerns about ECP use included harm to the body, impact on future pregnancy, side effects, and HIV/STI risk...
February 12, 2018: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434253/association-between-maternal-hiv-disclosure-and-risk-factors-for-perinatal-transmission
#4
Lynn M Yee, Donna V McGregor, Sarah H Sutton, Patricia M Garcia, Emily S Miller
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether maternal disclosure of HIV serostatus is associated with uptake of perinatal HIV transmission prevention interventions. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of women living with HIV enrolled in a perinatal HIV clinic. Women who disclosed their HIV serostatus to sexual partner(s) prior to delivery were compared to non-disclosers. Multivariable logistic regression was performed. RESULTS: Of 209 women, 71.3% (N = 149) disclosed...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432719/a-systematic-review-of-contraceptive-continuation-among-women-living-with-hiv
#5
Catherine S Todd, Tracy C Anderman, Sarah Long, Landon Myer, Linda-Gail Bekker, Greg E Petro, Heidi E Jones
BACKGROUND: Women living with HIV (WLHIV) experience high rates of unmet contraceptive need and unintended pregnancy. Contraceptive method-specific continuation rates and associated factors are critical for guiding providers tasked with both reproductive health (RH) and HIV care. We conducted this systematic review to determine whether contraceptive continuation rates differ between WLHIV and uninfected women and, for WLHIV, whether differences are impacted by method type, antiretroviral therapy (ART) use, or other factors...
February 9, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431293/il-17a-g197g-association-between-nox-and-gestational-age-in-a-south-african-birth-cohort
#6
P Nansook, R N Naidoo, S Muttoo, K Asharam, P Ramkaran, A Phulukdaree, A A Chuturgoon
Interleukin (IL-)17A, plays a role in pathogenic defence, but is implicated in chronic inflammatory diseases, and has recently been associated with variable pregnancy outcomes. We investigated the role of maternal IL-17-[G197A]-specific effects of third-trimester IL-17 mRNA expression, NOx exposure levels and other variables on gestational age, in the Mother and Child in the Environment (MACE) birth cohort in South Africa. A total of 327 participants were genotyped for IL-17-[G197A] by polymerase chain reaction restriction-fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP)...
February 12, 2018: International Journal of Immunogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426583/-use-of-new-technologies-by-adolescents-in-the-search-for-health-information
#7
Minerva Blázquez Barba, Dolores Gómez Romero, Isidora Frontaura Fernández, Abdón Camacho Ojeda, Francisco M Rodríguez Salas, Higinio Toriz Cano
OBJECTIVE: To describe Internet sources used by adolescents to consult health information and their sociodemographic characteristics, as well as to identify the variables that influence the choice of Internet site. DESIGN: Cross-sectional descriptive study. Survey adapted from the questionnaire validated by Rideout. PARTICIPANTS AND LOCATION: Adolescents aged 12-18 from 4schools in rural municipalities. RESULTS: The study included a total of 405 adolescents, of whom 51...
February 6, 2018: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426333/contraceptive-use-and-pregnancy-rates-among-women-receiving-antiretroviral-therapy-in-malawi-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#8
Hannock Tweya, Caryl Feldacker, Salem Gugsa, Sam Phiri
BACKGROUND: In 2011, family planning (FP) services were integrated at Martin Preuss Centre (MPC), in urban Lilongwe, Malawi. To date, no previous study evaluated pregnancy rates among HIV-positive women after the integration of FP services into HIV care at the facility. In this study, we investigated whether integration of FP services into HIV clinical care led to increased use of contraceptives and decreased pregnancy rates. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort analysis of HIV-positive women from 15 to 49 years of age who accessed antiretroviral therapy (ART) services at MPC...
February 9, 2018: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424001/use-of-trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-during-pregnancy-and-risk-of-spontaneous-abortion-a-nested-case-control-study
#9
Flory T Muanda, Odile Sheehy, Anick Bérard
AIMS: Data available on the fetal safety of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole exposure during pregnancy remains scarce and inconclusive. A previous study assessing the link between use TMP-SMX exposure during pregnancy and the risk of spontaneous abortion (SA) did not control for protopathic bias and indication bias. METHODS: We conducted a nested control study (n= 77 429 pregnancies including 7039 cases of SA and 70 390 controls) within the Quebec Pregnancy Cohort...
February 8, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407429/concurrent-validity-between-instruments-of-assessment-of-motor-development-in-infants-exposed-to-hiv
#10
Cristhina Bonilha Huster Siegle, Cristina Dos Santos Cardoso de Sá
BACKGROUND: Exposure to HIV during pregnancy is a risks to development. Exposed child should have assessed its development since birth. Alberta Infant Motor Scale is a tool which assess gross motor skills, with easy application and low cost. Up to now, this scale had not proven its validity for the population exposed to HIV. It's necessary to compare its with a gold standard tool, Bayley scale, which assess gross and fine motor skills, has a high cost and longer application time required...
February 1, 2018: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406430/abacavir-lamivudine-and-tenofovir-emtricitabine-in-pregnant-women-with-hiv-laboratory-and-clinical-outcomes-in-an-observational-national-study
#11
Marco Floridia, Carmela Pinnetti, Marina Ravizza, Giulia Masuelli, Carlo Personeni, Matilde Sansone, Anna Degli Antoni, Giovanni Guaraldi, Arsenio Spinillo, Beatrice Tassis, Serena Dalzero, Giuseppina Liuzzi, Enrica Tamburrini
BACKGROUND: Abacavir-lamivudine (ABC/3TC) and tenofovir-emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) represent in the guidelines of several countries, including Italy and United States, the preferred nucleoside/nucleotide backbones of antiretroviral regimens. We assessed their profile in pregnancy using data from a national observational study. METHODS: Laboratory measures (CD4, HIV-RNA, lipid profile, glucose, haemoglobin, ALT) and pregnancy outcomes (preterm delivery, low birthweight, nonelective cesarean section, birthweight Z-score, congenital defects, HIV transmission, maternal weight gain, pregnancy complications) were compared following prenatal exposure to ABC/3TC or TDF/FTC...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403207/hematological-parameters-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-pregnant-women-on-antiretroviral-therapy-in-aminu-kano-teaching-hospital-kano-north-western-nigeria
#12
Ibrahim Abdulqadir, Sagir Gumel Ahmed, Aisha Gwarzo Kuliya, Jamilu Tukur, Aminu Abba Yusuf, Abubakar Umar Musa
CONTEXT: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) scourge continues to affect young women within the reproductive age group and pregnancy is a recognized indication for the use antiretroviral (ARV) drugs among HIV-positive women. AIMS: The aim is to determine the combined effect of pregnancy, HIV and ARV drugs on the hematological parameters of the pregnant women. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a comparative cross-sectional study conducted among 70 each of HIV-positive and negative pregnant women...
January 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403103/involving-both-parents-in-hiv-prevention-during-pregnancy-and-breastfeeding
#13
Benjamin H Chi, Nora E Rosenberg, Oliver Mweemba, Kimberly A Powers, Chifundo Zimba, Suzanne Maman, Margaret Kasaro, Katie R Mollan, Jeffrey Sa Stringer, Wilbroad Mutale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29401270/impact-of-timing-of-antiretroviral-treatment-and-birth-weight-on-mother-to-child-human-immunodeficiency-virus-transmission-findings-from-an-18-month-prospective-cohort-of-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-mother-infant-pairs-during-the-transition-from-option
#14
Thu-Ha Dinh, Angela Mushavi, Ray W Shiraishi, Beth Tippett Barr, Shirish Balachandra, Gerald Shambira, Justice Nyakura, Sekesai Zinyowera, Mufuta Tshimanga, Owen Mugurungi, Peter H Kilmarx
Background: Preventing mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus transmission (MTCT) depends on early initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART). We report the 18-month MTCT risk during the transition from Option A to Option B+ in Zimbabwe, and assess whether ART preconception could eliminate MTCT in breastfeeding populations. Methods: In 2013, we consecutively recruited a nationally representative sample of 6051 infants aged 4-12 weeks and their mothers from 151 immunization clinics using a multistage stratified cluster sampling method...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400025/strengthening-implant-provision-and-acceptance-in-south-africa-with-the-%C3%A2-any-woman-any-place-any-time%C3%A2-approach-an-essential-step-towards-reducing-unintended-pregnancies
#15
H Rees, D Pillay, S Mullick, M Chersich
Progress in reducing unintended pregnancies in South Africa is slow. The implant, introduced in 2014, expanded the range of available longacting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) and held much promise. Uptake, however, has declined precipitously, in spite of its ‘unmatched effectiveness’ and high levels of satisfaction for most users. We propose policy and provider interventions to raise implant use, underscored by a ‘LARC-first’ approach. Contraceptive counselling should focus on the particular benefits of LARCs and methods be presented in order of effectiveness...
November 1, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396773/dolutegravir-in-pregnancy-effects-on-hiv-positive-women-and-their-infants
#16
Riikka Bornhede, Sandra Soeria-Atmadja, Katarina Westling, Karin Pettersson, Lars Navér
The development of new drugs for treatment of HIV has increased the efficacy and the quality of life together with decreased unwanted side-effect for people living with HIV. The integrase inhibitor dolutegravir has in short time become part of the first-line treatment in many countries, but is not a recommended first-line drug in pregnancy. As there are few publications of dolutegravir use during pregnancy, we found it valuable to analyze the Stockholm pregnancy cohort. A retrospective analysis of all pregnant women and their infants exposed to dolutegravir at Karolinska University Hospital, 2014-August 2017...
February 2, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395997/prevention-of-malaria-in-pregnancy
#17
REVIEW
Meghna Desai, Jenny Hill, Silke Fernandes, Patrick Walker, Christopher Pell, Julie Gutman, Kassoum Kayentao, Raquel Gonzalez, Jayne Webster, Brian Greenwood, Michel Cot, Feiko O Ter Kuile
Malaria remains one of the most preventable causes of adverse birth outcomes. Intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy (IPTp) with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine is used to prevent malaria, but resistance to this drug combination has decreased its efficacy and new alternatives are needed. In Africa, a meta-analysis showed three-course or monthly IPTp with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine to be safe and more effective than the original two-course sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine strategy, prompting WHO to update its policy in 2012...
January 30, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394890/incidence-aetiology-and-outcomes-of-obstetric-related-acute-kidney-injury-in-malawi-a-prospective-observational-study
#18
William R Cooke, Ulla K Hemmilä, Alison L Craik, Chimwemwe J Mandula, Priscilla Mvula, Ausbert Msusa, Gavin Dreyer, Rhys Evans
BACKGROUND: Obstetric-related acute kidney injury (AKI) is thought to be a key contributor to the overall burden of AKI in low resource settings, causing significant and preventable morbidity and mortality. However, epidemiological data to corroborate these hypotheses is sparse. This prospective observational study aims to determine the incidence, aetiology and maternal-fetal outcomes of obstetric-related AKI in Malawi. METHODS: Women greater than 20 weeks gestation or less than 6 weeks postpartum admitted to obstetric wards at a tertiary hospital in Blantyre, Malawi, and at high-risk of AKI were recruited between 21st September and 11th December 2015...
February 2, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394247/health-and-socio-demographic-profile-of-women-of-reproductive-age-in-rural-communities-of-southern-mozambique
#19
Charfudin Sacoor, Beth Payne, Orvalho Augusto, Faustino Vilanculo, Ariel Nhacolo, Marianne Vidler, Prestige Tatenda Makanga, Khátia Munguambe, Tang Lee, Eusébio Macete, Peter von Dadelszen, Esperança Sevene
Reliable statistics on maternal morbidity and mortality are scarce in low and middle-income countries, especially in rural areas. This is the case in Mozambique where many births happen at home. Furthermore, a sizeable number of facility births have inadequate registration. Such information is crucial for developing effective national and global health policies for maternal and child health. The aim of this study was to generate reliable baseline socio-demographic information on women of reproductive age as well as to establish a demographic surveillance platform to support the planning and implementation of the Community Level Intervention for Pre-eclampsia (CLIP) study, a cluster randomized controlled trial...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390577/24-month-hiv-free-survival-among-infants-born-to-hiv-positive-women-enrolled-in-option-b-program-in-kigali-rwanda-the-kabeho-study
#20
Michelle M Gill, Heather J Hoffman, Dieudonne Ndatimana, Placidie Mugwaneza, Laura Guay, Gilles F Ndayisaba, Emily A Bobrow, Anita Asiimwe, Lynne M Mofenson
Lifelong antiretroviral therapy (ART) provision to all pregnant HIV-positive women ("Option B+") has been recommended by the World Health Organization since 2013, but there remain limited data on the effects of Option B+ on long-term HIV-free survival in breastfeeding HIV-exposed infants. The Kigali Antiretroviral and Breastfeeding Assessment for the Elimination of HIV (Kabeho) study enrolled HIV-positive women from the third trimester of pregnancy to 2 weeks postpartum in 14 heath facilities implementing Option B+ in Kigali, Rwanda...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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