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Cesarean scar

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325324/-obstetric-outcome-in-pregnancy-complained-with-pulmonary-hypertension
#1
C X Zhu, W Xiong, J Yang, H Q Chen, G Niu, Z L Wang
Objective: To identify whether pregnancy outcomes vary by the severity of pulmonary hypertension. Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on 78 cases of pregnancies complained with pulmonary hypertension who delivered in the First Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University from 2006 to 2016.The selected cases were divided into three groups according to severity of pulmonary hypertension: mild pulmonary hypertension group (mild PAH group) was defined as a mean pulmonary artery pressure 30-49 mmHg, moderate pulmonary hypertension (moderate PAH group) as mean pulmonary artery pressure 50-69 mmHg and severe pulmonary hypertension (severe PAH group) as mean pulmonary artery pressure 70 mmHg or greater...
December 19, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320992/caesarean-delivery-related-blood-transfusion-correlates-in-a-tertiary-hospital-in-southwest-nigeria
#2
Fatimat M Akinlusi, Kabiru A Rabiu, Idayat A Durojaiye, Adeniyi A Adewunmi, Tawaqualit A Ottun, Yusuf A Oshodi
BACKGROUND: Caesarean delivery carries a risk of major intra-operative blood loss and its performance is often delayed by non-availability of blood and blood products. Unnecessary cross-matching and reservation of blood lead to apparent scarcity in centres with limited supply. This study set out to identify the risk factors for blood transfusion in women who underwent caesarean delivery at a tertiary obstetric unit with a view to ensuring efficient blood utilization. METHODS: A prospective cohort analysis of 906 women who had caesarean deliveries at the Lagos State University Teaching Hospital, Nigeria between January and December, 2011...
January 10, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296054/fine-needle-aspiration-cytology-of-a-cesarean-scar-endometriosis
#3
Jitendra Singh Nigam, Anita Omhare, Ankit Sharma
Endometriosis is the presence of functioning endometrium outside the basement membrane of the uterine endometrium. It affects women of reproductive age and usually presents as a painful nodule over a period of 3 months to 10 years after surgery. Extrapelvic endometriosis is uncommon and more difficult to diagnose due to its variable presentation and is often confused with other surgical conditions. Fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) is a rapid, cost-effective, and accurate diagnostic tool when making this diagnosis...
October 2017: Ci Ji Yi Xue za Zhi, Tzu-chi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290906/cesarean-section-scar-endometrioma-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Madison Kocher, Andrew Hardie, Amanda Schaefer, Thomas McLaren, Mark Kovacs
Endometriomas can occur after any surgery where there is endometrial manipulation, and there are a number of reports of endometriomas developing in the abdominal wall at the site of the Pfannenstiel incision following Cesarean-section. Although this is ultimately a histopathologically-confirmed diagnosis, preoperative imaging including ultrasound, computed tomography, and magnetic resonance imaging may be helpful in the diagnosis and assessment. We report a pathology-confirmed case of Cesarean-section endometrioma with a classic, clinical presentation and imaging findings on computed tomography...
December 2017: Journal of Radiology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285999/the-clinical-characteristics-and-surgical-approach-of-abdominal-wall-endometriosis-a-case-series-of-14-women
#5
Faik Tatli, Orhan Gozeneli, Hacer Uyanikoglu, Ali Uzunkoy, Huseyin Cahit Yalcın, Abdullah Ozgonul, Osman Bardakci, Adnan Incebiyik, Muhammet Emin Guldur
Abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE) is a rare form of endometriosis that usually develops in the scar after cesarean section (CS). Recently, the occurrence of AWE has been increasing together with the increase of CS incidence. AWE can be clinically misdiagnosed as hernia, lipoma, or hematoma. Here we retrospectively analyzed the clinical aspects of AWE and surgical approach in 14 patients from a tertiary hospital, who were treated by surgery, between 2012 and 2017. The mean age was 32.71 ± 8.61 years (range: 19-45)...
December 29, 2017: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278969/emergent-primary-cesarean-delivery-and-maternal-operative-morbidity
#6
Eric P Bergh, Luciana A Vieira, Catherine A Bigelow, Jessica R Overbey, Nathan S Fox
BACKGROUND: Surgical speed is in primary cesarean delivery (CD) is not standardized. It is unknown how variations in surgical entry time may affect operative outcomes and maternal morbidity. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether performing a primary CD in labor emergently ("stat") is associated with adverse maternal outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study of all patients who underwent primary CD at The Mount Sinai Hospital during the years of 2011-2016...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245355/endometriosis-associated-malignant-transformation-in-abdominal-surgical-scar-a-prisma-compliant-systematic-review
#7
Anca Mihailovici, Misgav Rottenstreich, Svetlana Kovel, Ilan Wassermann, Noam Smorgick, Zvi Vaknin
BACKGROUND: Endometriosis-associated malignant transformation in abdominal surgical scar (EAMTAS) is a very rare and aggressive phenomenon. Our current article aims to provide a clinical overview, focusing on risk factors affecting survival. METHODS: We performed a Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses-compliant systematic review based on prior reviews and case reports regarding the phenomenon published as abstracts in English, from January 1980 to November 2016...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220081/comment-on-longitudinal-transvaginal-ultrasound-evaluation-of-cesarean-scar-niche-incidence-and-depth-in-the-first-two-years-after-single-or-double-layer-uterotomy-closure-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Marco Scioscia, Piergiorgio Iannone, Danila Morano, Giovanni Pontrelli, Pantaleo Greco
We read with interest a recent article published by Bamberg et al. (1) that takes up an interesting issue previously published on the same journal by Kataoka et al. (2) on uterine niche after a cesarean section (CS). These two prospective studies assessed the risk to develop a uterine wall defect at the site of cesarean scar according to the surgical closure technique. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
December 8, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214637/identification-and-treatment-of-gestational-trophoblastic-neoplasia-located-in-the-cesarean-scar
#9
Xiaoyu Wang, Yuan Li, Junjun Yang, Yonglan He, Ming Wang, Xirun Wan, Yang Xiang
OBJECTIVE: To identify the clinical characteristics of, and the diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for, gestational trophoblastic neoplasia (GTN) located in the cesarean scar. METHODS: The present retrospective analysis was conducted among patients diagnosed with GTN located in the cesarean scar at Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing, China, between June 1, 2006, and May 31, 2016. Clinical features, diagnostic and therapeutic procedures, and outcomes were reviewed...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208846/evaluation-of-the-efficacy-of-ultrasound-guided-local-lauromacrogol-injection-combined-with-aspiration-for-cesarean-scar-pregnancy-a-novel-treatment
#10
Ze-Ying Chai, Li Yu, Man-Man Liu, Tong-Wei Zhu, Feng Qi
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of ultrasound-guided local lauromacrogol injection combined with aspiration for treating cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP). METHODS: From July 2016 to December 2016, 18 patients diagnosed with CSP were treated with ultrasound-guided local lauromacrogol injection combined with aspiration. Clinical data and outcome were analysed. RESULTS: All patients were treated successfully. The amount of bleeding ranged between 10 and 50 mL...
November 28, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197920/abdominal-wall-endometriosis-an-update-in-clinical-imagistic-features-and-management-options
#11
REVIEW
Mihaela Grigore, Demetra Socolov, Ioana Pavaleanu, Ioana Scripcariu, Ana Maria Grigore, Romeo Micu
Abdominal wall endometriosis (AWE) is a rare condition defined by the presence of endometrial tissue in the subcutaneous fatty layer and the muscles of the abdominal wall. It is usually caused by the dissemination of endometrial tissue in the wound at the time of obstetrical and gynecological surgeries. AWE is rare and difficult to diagnose. The most frequent clinical presentation is that of a palpable subcutaneous mass near surgical scars associated with cyclic pain and swelling during menses. AWE may be an underreported pathology partly because it has scarcely received attention in the radiologic literature...
November 29, 2017: Medical Ultrasonography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197083/changes-in-ultrasonography-indicators-of-abnormally-invasive-placenta-during-pregnancy
#12
Giuseppe Calì, Ilan E Timor-Trisch, Josè Palacios-Jaraquemada, Ana Monteaugudo, Francesco Forlani, Gabriella Minneci, Francesca Foti, Danilo Buca, Alessandra Familiari, Giovanni Scambia, Marco Liberati, Francesco D'Antonio
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain whether the prevalence of ultrasonography signs of abnormally invasive placenta (AIP) change during pregnancy. METHODS: The present retrospective analysis included women with a prenatal diagnosis of AIP that was confirmed at delivery between January 1, 2007, and April 30, 2017, at the Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Arnas Civico Hospital, Palermo, Italy. Ultrasonography signs of AIP were recorded at four different intervals during pregnancy: early first (6-9 weeks), first (11-14 weeks), second (15-24 weeks), and third trimester (25-36 weeks)...
December 2, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159943/retrospective-multicenter-study-of-leaving-the-placenta-in-situ-for-patients-with-placenta-previa-on-a-cesarean-scar
#13
Kei Miyakoshi, Toshimitsu Otani, Eiji Kondoh, Shintaro Makino, Mamoru Tanaka, Satoru Takeda
OBJECTIVE: To investigate maternal outcomes after leaving the placenta in situ for placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) disorders in patients with placenta previa on a cesarean delivery scar. METHODS: The present retrospective study reviewed medical records from women with placenta previa on a cesarean scar underwent perinatal care at secondary- or tertiary-level perinatal centers in Japan between January 1, 2010, and December 31, 2014. Perinatal management was conducted based on each leading obstetrician's discretion...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147816/development-of-pseudoaneurysm-in-cesarean-section-scar-pregnancy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#14
Shunki Kiyokawa, Tatsuyuki Chiyoda, Kazunori Ueno, Keiko Saotome, Seon-Hye Kim, Sakura Nakada
Cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) is a rare type of ectopic pregnancy. It is becoming more common, but it can lead to uterine rupture and severe hemorrhage. Here, we report a case of a 37-year-old woman with CSP complicated with pseudoaneurysm. The pseudoaneurysm emerged following focal injection of methotrexate (MTX) and potassium chloride with systemic MTX treatment. Due to a risk of sudden bleeding, uterine artery embolization (UAE) was recommended, but the patient hoped to avoid this if possible. Because the serum human chorionic gonadotropin level and the gestational sac were still persistent, dilation and curettage were performed with interventional radiologists on standby...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130675/-severe-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-placenta-previa-and-prior-cesarean-delivery
#15
Mi Zhou, Meng Chen, Li Zhang, Guo-Lin He, Lei He, Qiang Wei, Tao Li, Xing-Hui Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the severe adverse pregnancy outcomes in pregnancies with placenta previa and prior cesarean delivery and its risk factors. METHODS: This retrospective casecontrol study reviewed all pregnancies with placenta previa and prior cesarean delivery delivered by repeat cesarean section in our institution between January 2005 and June 2015,and investigated the incidence of severe adverse pregnancy outcome. A composite of severe adverse pregnancy outcomes (including transfusion of 10 units or more red blood cells,maternal ICU admission,unanticipated injuries,repeat operation,hysterectomy,and maternal death) and other maternal and neonatal outcomes were described...
September 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105214/re-risk-of-cesarean-scar-defect-following-single-vs-double-layer-uterine-closure-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-a-di-spiezio-sardo-g-saccone-r-mccurdy-e-bujold-g-bifulco-and-v-berghella-ultrasound-obstet-gynecol-2017-50
#16
COMMENT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095305/umbilical-cord-mesenchyme-stem-cell-local-intramuscular-injection-for-treatment-of-uterine-niche-protocol-for-a-prospective-randomized-double-blinded-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Dazhi Fan, Shuzhen Wu, Shaoxin Ye, Wen Wang, Xiaoling Guo, Zhengping Liu
BACKGROUND: Uterine niche is defined as a triangular anechoic structure at the site of the scar or a gap in the myometrium at the site of a previous caesarean section. The main clinical manifestations are postmenstrual spotting and intrauterine infection, which may seriously affect the daily life of nonpregnant women. Trials have shown an excellent safety and efficacy for the potential of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) as a therapeutic option for scar reconstruction. Therefore, this study is designed to investigate the safety and efficacy of using MSCs in the treatment for the uterine niche...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062659/bilateral-free-flap-breast-reconstruction-outcomes-do-abdominal-scars-affect-bilateral-flaps
#18
Dmytro Unukovych, Edward J Caterson, Matthew J Carty, Jessica Erdmann-Sager, Eric Halvorson, Stephanie A Caterson
BACKGROUND: The incidence of bilateral mastectomies is increasing along with the rates of breast reconstructions. A substantial number of patients will present with abdominal scars after Cesarean section, laparoscopy, laparotomy, and so on. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of prior abdominal scars on complication rates in abdominal bilateral free flap breast reconstruction. METHODS: All consecutive patients with autologous free flap breast reconstruction between 2007 and 2014 were eligible...
September 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29060964/-clinical-analysis-on-hysteroscopic-surgery-for-the-treatment-of-type-%C3%A2-cesarean-scar-pregnancy-in-the-first-trimester
#19
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Z Y Chen, X Y Li, D Zhao, M Zhou, P Xu, X F Huang, X M Zhang
Objective: To investigate the safety and efficacy of hysterosopic management of type Ⅱ cesarean scar pregnancy (CSP) and the value of prophylactic uterine artery embolization (UAE). Methods: Totally 104 patients with type Ⅱ CSP treated with hysteroscopic surgery at the Women's Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, during Jan. 2009 to Jun. 2016 were analyzed retrospectively, 67 patients combined with UAE (UAE group) and 37 patients without combined with UAE (non-UAE group). Laparoscopy or sonography guidance was conducted simultaneously...
October 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038043/laparoscopic-excision-of-a-scar-pregnancy-and-isthmocele-repair
#20
Huseyin Kiyak, Lale Susan Wetherilt, Kerem Doga Seckin, Ibrahim Polat, Pınar Kadirogullari, Tolga Karacan
Laparoscopic excision of a scar pregnancy and isthmocele repair with barbed suture Design Step by step explanation of the laparoscopic excision technique of a scar pregnancy and isthmocele repair Setting Cesarean scar pregnancy occurs as a result of attachment of the products of conception to the uterine scar. In the present case, a 34 year old G4 P1 patient with a history of one miscarriage and one ectopic pregnancy was diagnosed with type 2 cesarean scar pregnancy at 7 weeks of gestation. A Dilation & Curretage was performed at the 8th week of gestation to terminate the pregnancy...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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