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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096162/violence-against-children-in-afghanistan-concerns-and-opportunities-for-positive-change
#1
Patrick O'Leary, Cate M Cameron, Ali Lakhani, Jodie M Osborne, Luana de Souza, Kristen Hope, Mohammad S Naimi, Hassan Khan, Qazi S Jawad, Sabir Majidi
Violence against children (VAC) in Afghanistan is a serious issue in the context of many decades of conflict and poverty. To date, limited studies have explored the extent of VAC in Afghanistan and the settings where VAC takes place. To understand (i) the extent of VAC, (ii) settings where VAC takes place, (iii) parental forms of VAC and (iv) regional differences, an interview administered cross-sectional survey was employed among a community sample of 145 children and 104 parents living within Kabul, Torkham, and Jalalabad...
October 30, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982775/a-virtual-asthma-clinic-for-children-fewer-routine-outpatient-visits-same-asthma-control
#2
Lara S van den Wijngaart, Jolt Roukema, Annemie L M Boehmer, Marianne L Brouwer, Cindy A C Hugen, Laetitia E M Niers, Arwen J Sprij, Eleonora R V M Rikkers-Mutsaerts, Bart L Rottier, A Rogier T Donders, Chris M Verhaak, Mariëlle W Pijnenburg, Peter J F M Merkus
eHealth is an appealing medium to improve healthcare and its value (in addition to standard care) has been assessed in previous studies. We aimed to assess whether an eHealth intervention could improve asthma control while reducing 50% of routine outpatient visits.In a multicentre, randomised controlled trial with a 16-month follow-up, asthmatic children (6-16 years) treated in eight Dutch hospitals were randomised to usual care (4-monthly outpatient visits) and online care using a virtual asthma clinic (VAC) (8-monthly outpatient visits with monthly web-based monitoring)...
October 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947323/one-trocar-needlescopic-assisted-inguinal-hernia-repair-in-children-a-novel-technique
#3
Rafik Shalaby, Ibrahim Elsayaad, Omar Alsamahy, Refaat Ibrahem, Adham El-Saied, Maged Ismail, Abdelmoniem Shamseldin, Sameh Shehata, Mohamad Magid
BACKGROUND: Inguinal hernia repair using a percutaneous internal ring suturing technique is an effective alternative technique to conventional laparoscopic hernia repair. It is one of the most commonly used approaches for laparoscopic hernia repair in children. However, most percutaneous techniques have utilized extracorporeal knotting of the suture and burying the knot subcutaneously. This approach has several drawbacks. The aim of this study is to present a modified technique for single cannula needlescopic assisted hernia repair in children...
August 31, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881549/-study-on-the-immunogenicity-and-safety-of-recombinant-b-subunit-whole-cell-cholera-vaccine-infused-with-antacids-in-healthy-population-at-ages-of-2-6-years
#4
T Huang, R C Li, D P Liu
Objective: To assess the immunogenicity and safety of recombinant B-subunit/whole cell cholera vaccine (rBS/WC) oral cholera vaccine (Ora Vacs) infused with antacids in healthy population at ages of 2-6 years. Methods: Between December 2009 and January 2010, we recruited 900 volunteers aged 2-6 years od through giving out recruitment notice for the eligible children's parents from different vaccination clinics of Chongzuo city in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region. This study was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial, and subjects were randomly (2∶1) assigned to receive Cholera vaccine infused with antacids or placebo, and observed for safety...
September 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548706/45-gy-is-not-sufficient-radiotherapy-dose-for-group-iii-orbital-embryonal-rhabdomyosarcoma-after-less-than-complete-response-to-12-weeks-of-arst0331-chemotherapy-a-report-from-the-soft-tissue-sarcoma-committee-of-the-children-s-oncology-group
#5
Ralph P Ermoian, John Breneman, David O Walterhouse, Yueh-Yun Chi, Jane Meza, James Anderson, Douglas S Hawkins, Andrea A Hayes-Jordan, David M Parham, Torunn I Yock, Sarah S Donaldson, Suzanne L Wolden
BACKGROUND: Recent Children's Oncology Group (COG) trials tested the efficacy of reduced therapy in an effort to lessen late effects compared to the Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study (IRS) IV regimen with associated hematologic and hepatic toxicity, and infertility. Here, we analyze the efficacy of 45 Gray (Gy) local radiotherapy (RT) in patients with Group III orbital embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (ERMS) enrolled on the COG low-risk study ARST0331. PROCEDURE: Sixty-two patients with Group III orbital ERMS were treated on ARST0331 with four cycles of vincristine (VCR), dactinomycin (DACT), and cyclophosphamide (CPM; VAC, total cumulative CPM dose 4...
September 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501019/towards-a-feminist-understanding-of-intersecting-violence-against-women-and-children-in-the-family
#6
Sophie Namy, Catherine Carlson, Kathleen O'Hara, Janet Nakuti, Paul Bukuluki, Julius Lwanyaaga, Sylvia Namakula, Barbrah Nanyunja, Milton L Wainberg, Dipak Naker, Lori Michau
While intimate partner violence (IPV) against women and violence against children (VAC) have emerged as distinct fields of research and programming, a growing number of studies demonstrate the extent to which these forms of violence overlap in the same households. However, existing knowledge of how and why such co-occurrence takes place is limited, particularly in the Global South. The current study aims to advance empirical and conceptual understanding of intersecting IPV and VAC within families in order to inform potential programming...
July 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327419/concomitant-unilateral-post-traumatic-leg-and-foot-compartment-syndrome-in-a-5-years-old-child-case-report
#7
Aissam Elmhiregh, Adel El Feghih, Khaled Faraj
BACKGROUND: Compartment syndrome is one of the most serious orthopedic emergencies [4]. It is usually anticipated and looked at in every single orthopedic case. Early recognition and management of those cases are quite important in order to avoid the devastating consequences of such condition. CASE SUMMARY: This is a case report of a 5 years old child with concomitant unilateral leg and foot compartment syndrome after a roll over trauma. The patient was presented with significant leg and foot swelling, severe pain and absent distal pulses...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211936/reduction-of-cyclophosphamide-dose-for-patients-with-subset-2-low-risk-rhabdomyosarcoma-is-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-recurrence-a-report-from-the-soft-tissue-sarcoma-committee-of-the-children-s-oncology-group
#8
David O Walterhouse, Alberto S Pappo, Jane L Meza, John C Breneman, Andrea Hayes-Jordan, David M Parham, Timothy P Cripe, James R Anderson, William H Meyer, Douglas S Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Failure-free survival (FFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were found to improve on Intergroup Rhabdomyosarcoma Study (IRS) IV (IRS-IV) compared with IRS-III for patients with subset 2 (IRS stage 1, group III nonorbit or stage 3, group I/II) low-risk embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma with the addition of cyclophosphamide (total cumulative cyclophosphamide dose of 26.4 g/m(2) ) to the combination of vincristine and dactinomycin (VAC). The goal of Children's Oncology Group ARST0331 for subset 2 low-risk patients was to reduce the total cumulative cyclophosphamide dose without compromising FFS...
June 15, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164723/what-explains-childhood-violence-micro-correlates-from-vacs-surveys
#9
Shamika Ravi, Rahul Ahluwalia
Violence in childhood is a serious health, social and human rights concern globally, there is, however, little understanding about the factors that explain the various forms of violence in childhood. This paper uses data on childhood violence for 10,042 individuals from four countries. We report Odds Ratios from pooled logit regression analysis with country fixed effects model. There is no gender difference in the overall incidence of childhood violence. The data shows that 78% of girls and 79% of boys have suffered some form of violence before the age of 18 years...
February 5, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104133/liver-transplantation-for-biliary-rhabdomyosarcoma-with-liver-metastasis-report-of-one-case
#10
C-H Shen, K-R Dong, Y-F Tao, G Chen, R-D Li, Q-B Zhang, X-F Zhang, S Zheng, Z-X Wang
BACKGROUND: Liver transplantation in combination with chemotherapy in postoperative biliary rhabdomyosarcoma recurrence of children was evaluated. METHODS: An 8-year-old girl with biliary rhabdomyosarcoma underwent pancreatico-duodenectomy with postoperative vincristine (VCR), adriamycin (Act-D), and cyclophosphamide (CTX) (VAC chemotherapy) (VCR, 1 mg; Act-D, 0.7 mg; CTX, 1500 mg). Two years later, liver metastasis in the left and right lobes was found and was followed by VAC chemotherapy (CTX, 1800 mg; Act-D, 0...
January 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917737/a-pediatric-approach-to-ventilator-associated-events-surveillance
#11
Noelle M Cocoros, Gregory P Priebe, Latania K Logan, Susan Coffin, Gitte Larsen, Philip Toltzis, Thomas J Sandora, Marvin Harper, Julia S Sammons, James E Gray, Donald Goldmann, Kelly Horan, Michael Burton, Paul A Checchia, Matthew Lakoma, Shannon Sims, Michael Klompas, Grace M Lee
OBJECTIVE Adult ventilator-associated event (VAE) definitions include ventilator-associated conditions (VAC) and subcategories for infection-related ventilator-associated complications (IVAC) and possible ventilator-associated pneumonia (PVAP). We explored these definitions for children. DESIGN Retrospective cohort SETTING Pediatric, cardiac, or neonatal intensive care units (ICUs) in 6 US hospitals PATIENTS Patients ≤18 years old ventilated for ≥1 day METHODS We identified patients with pediatric VAC based on previously proposed criteria...
December 5, 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727030/immunisation-practices-in-centres-caring-for-children-with-perinatally-acquired-hiv-a-call-for-harmonisation
#12
Alasdair Bamford, Emma C Manno, Maria Jose Mellado, Vana Spoulou, Laura Marques, Henriette J Scherpbier, Tim Niehues, Agnieszka Oldakowska, Paolo Rossi, Paolo Palma
BACKGROUND: Current national immunisation schedules differ between countries in terms of vaccine formulation, timing of vaccinations and immunisation programme funding and co-ordination. As a result, some HIV infected paediatric population may be left susceptible to vaccine preventable infections. Vaccines used in healthy population should be subjected to high quality ethical research and be explicitly validated for use in children with special vaccination needs such as those infected with HIV...
November 4, 2016: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659869/violence-against-children-in-latin-america-and-caribbean-countries-a-comprehensive-review-of-national-health-sector-efforts-in-prevention-and-response
#13
Andrea L Wirtz, Carmen Alvarez, Alessandra C Guedes, Luisa Brumana, Cecilie Modvar, Nancy Glass
BACKGROUND: Violence against children (VAC) remains a global problem. The health sector has an opportunity and responsibility to be part of the multi-sector collaboration to prevent and respond to VAC. This review aimed to assess the health sector's response to VAC among Latin American & Caribbean (LAC) countries, particularly as it relates to physical violence, sexual violence, and neglect. METHOD: National protocols for the identification and provision of health care to child survivors of violence, abuse and neglect were solicited in partnership with UNICEF and PAHO/WHO country offices within the LAC region...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27535437/outcomes-of-cutaneous-scar-revision-during-surgical-implant-removal-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#14
Jon R Davids, Kevin Diaz, Thu-Ba Leba, Samuel Adams, David E Westberry, Anita M Bagley
BACKGROUND: Children who have had surgery involving the placement of an implant frequently undergo a subsequent surgery for hardware removal. The cosmesis of surgical scars following initial and subsequent surgeries is unpredictable. Scar incision (subsequent surgical incision through the initial scar) or excision (around the initial scar) is selected on the basis of the quality of the initial scar. The outcomes following these techniques have not been determined. METHODS: This prospective, consecutive case series was designed to compare outcomes following surgical scar incision versus excision at the time of implant removal in children with cerebral palsy...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27504554/arterial-and-ventricular-elastance-and-ventriculo-arterial-coupling-in-asthmatic-children
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Esra Akyuz Ozkan, Hashem E Khosroshahi, Mahmut Kilic, U Aliye Gecit, Esra Domur, Perihan Beysel
OBJECTIVE: To compare arterial and ventricular end-systolic elastance and ventriculo-arterial coupling between asthma and healthy children and correlate these all three parameters with pulmonary function tests in subjects with asthma. STUDY DESIGN: Across-sectional analytical study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Department of Pediatrics, Bozok University Medical Faculty,Yozgat, Turkey, from January 2012 to November 2014. METHODOLOGY: Transthoracic and Doppler echocardiography and pulmonary function tests in patients with asthma aged 7 - 12 years and control subjects...
July 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27396590/evaluation-of-the-new-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-ventilator-associated-event-module-and-criteria-in-critically-ill-children-in-greece
#16
Elias Iosifidis, Elpis Chochliourou, Asimenia Violaki, Elisavet Chorafa, Stavroula Psachna, Afroditi Roumpou, Maria Sdougka, Emmanuel Roilides
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the new adult Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) ventilator-associated event (VAE) module in critically ill children and compare with the traditionally used CDC definition for ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). DESIGN Retrospective observational study of mechanically ventilated children in a pediatric intensive care unit in Greece January 1-December 31, 2011. METHODS Assessment of new adult CDC VAE module including 3 definition tiers: ventilator-associated condition (VAC), infection-related VAC, and possible/probable ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAE-VAP); comparison with traditional CDC criteria for clinically defined pneumonia in mechanically ventilated children (PNEU-VAP)...
October 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27329936/bridging-the-gaps-a-global-review-of-intersections-of-violence-against-women-and-violence-against-children
#17
REVIEW
Alessandra Guedes, Sarah Bott, Claudia Garcia-Moreno, Manuela Colombini
BACKGROUND: The international community recognises violence against women (VAW) and violence against children (VAC) as global human rights and public health problems. Historically, research, programmes, and policies on these forms of violence followed parallel but distinct trajectories. Some have called for efforts to bridge these gaps, based in part on evidence that individuals and families often experience multiple forms of violence that may be difficult to address in isolation, and that violence in childhood elevates the risk of violence against women...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27220835/adverse-events-in-pediatric-patients-receiving-long-term-oral-and-intravenous-antibiotics
#18
Jennifer Leontine Murphy, Norman Fenn, Laura Pyle, Heather Heizer, Shannon Hughes, Yosuke Nomura, Jason Child, Sarah K Parker
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Children receiving long-term antibiotic therapy (LTAT) at Children's Hospital Colorado (CHCO) are treated with both oral and intravenous (i.v.) agents and often experience complications not comprehensively described by the literature. We sought to describe adverse drug events (ADEs) and venous access complications (VACs) in pediatric patients managed with oral and i.v. antibiotics so as to inform clinical decision-making, drug monitoring, and patient counseling at CHCO...
June 2016: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27044493/violence-against-children-surveys-vacs-towards-a-global-surveillance-system
#19
Laura F Chiang, Howard Kress, Steven A Sumner, Jessie Gleckel, Philbert Kawemama, Rebecca N Gordon
OBJECTIVE: To describe the Violence Against Children Surveys (VACS). The survey is a national, household survey that systematically measures the prevalence, nature and consequences of sexual, physical and emotional violence against children. DESIGN: This report provides information about the history, implementation, ethical protections, utility, results, limitations, and future directions of the VACS work. RESULTS: The study has been implemented in 11 countries in Africa, Asia and the Caribbean, providing each of these countries with baseline data and momentum to address violence against children as a public health and human rights priority...
April 2016: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26979135/status-of-vaccine-research-and-development-for-shigella
#20
REVIEW
Sachin Mani, Thomas Wierzba, Richard I Walker
Shigella are gram-negative bacteria that cause severe diarrhea and dysentery. In 2013, Shigella infections caused an estimated 34,400 deaths in children less than five years old and, in 2010, an estimated 40,000 deaths in persons older than five years globally. New disease burden estimates from newly deployed molecular diagnostic assays with increased sensitivity suggest that Shigella-associated morbidity may be much greater than previous disease estimates from culture-based methods. Primary prevention of this disease should be based on universal provision of potable water and sanitation methods and improved personal and food hygiene...
June 3, 2016: Vaccine
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