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GLP1 stroke

R C Bonadonna, C Borghi, A Consoli, M Volpe
AIMS: Diabetes treatments aim at preventing undesirable metabolic effects of hyperglycemia and at preventing/reducing tissue damage, including cardiovascular (CV) events. For approval, novel diabetes drugs undergo early systematic investigation to assess CV safety. This review provides an updated analysis of the results of recent studies examining novel diabetes medications and CV outcomes. DATA SYNTHESIS: The new regulatory guidelines enforce adjudication of all CV events when testing novel diabetes drugs...
September 2016: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
Craig W Younce, Jianli Niu, Jennifer Ayala, Melissa A Burmeister, Layton H Smith, Pappachan Kolattukudy, Julio E Ayala
The incretin hormone glucagon-like peptide-1 (Glp1) is cardioprotective in models of ischemia-reperfusion injury, myocardial infarction and gluco/lipotoxicity. Inflammation is a factor in these models, yet it is unknown whether Glp1 receptor (Glp1r) agonists are protective against cardiac inflammation. We tested the hypothesis that the Glp1r agonist Exendin-4 (Ex4) is cardioprotective in mice with cardiac-specific monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 overexpression. These MHC-MCP1 mice exhibit increased cardiac monocyte infiltration, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, apoptosis, fibrosis and left ventricular dysfunction...
November 2014: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
M Hanefeld, X Ganz, C Nolte
Hypoglycemia is a common and potentially life-threatening adverse effect of inappropriate diabetes treatment. Typical cardiac complications are ischemia with angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, stroke and arrhythmias, such as atrial fibrillation (AF), ventricular tachycardia and heart failure. Elderly multimorbid patients with type 2 diabetes and polypharmacy and/or cardiac autonomous neuropathy represent a very high risk group for cardiovascular complications associated with hypoglycemia. Targets for glycemic control have to be adapted to the risk of hypoglycemia with a priority of stable glucose homeostasis without rapid fluctuations...
May 2014: Herz
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