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Correlation of bioelectrical impedance analysis phase angle

Motomu Yoshida, Kimio Asagiri, Suguru Fukahori, Yoshiaki Tanaka, Naoki Hashizume, Shinji Ishii, Nobuyuki Saikusa, Naruki Higashidate, Daisuke Masui, Naoko Komatsuzaki, Hirotomo Nakahara, Minoru Yagi, Yushiro Yamashita
PURPOSE: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate whether evaluating the phase angle (PhA), in a bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) is useful for estimating the nutritional status of severe motor and intellectual disabilities (SMID) patients. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included 31 SMID patients (mean age: 33.9±13.5years, median age: 29years (range: 18-58years), male/female: 23/8). First, each of the parameters from the total study population and the male and female SMID patients were compared with those of healthy Asian subjects...
March 29, 2017: Brain & Development
Dana A Pérez Camargo, Silvia R Allende Pérez, Mónica M Rivera Franco, Nelson E Álvarez Licona, Víctor I Urbalejo Ceniceros, Lilian E Figueroa Baldenegro
Patients with advanced cancer often experience symptoms of disease and treatment that contribute to distress such as weight loss, which is present in up to 85% of cancer patients. Palliative care in these patients focuses on care aimed at improving quality of life. Phase angle (PA) is obtained by bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA) and is associated with cellular function. It is considered a reliable marker of malnutrition. A low PA may suggest deterioration of the cell membrane, which in palliative patients may result in a short-term survival...
March 29, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
Domenico Meleleo, Nicola Bartolomeo, Liliana Cassano, Alessandro Nitti, Giovanna Susca, Giuseppina Mastrototaro, Umberto Armenise, Annapaola Zito, Fiorella Devito, Pietro Scicchitano, Marco Matteo Ciccone
PURPOSE: Conventional Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) or Bioelectrical Impedance Vector Analysis (BIVA) can provide direct evaluations of body composition. The purpose of this study was to evaluate lean and fat mass (FM), and hydration of children involved in daily competitive sports. METHODS: 190 non-athletic [8.2-10.5 years] and 29 competitive children [8.0-10.5 years] were enrolled. They were evaluated: at baseline (t0), 6 months (t1) and one year (t2)...
March 20, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
Elena González, Juan J Díez, Almudena Pérez Torres, María Auxiliadora Bajo, Gloria Del Peso, Rafael Sánchez-Villanueva, Cristina Grande, Olaia Rodríguez, Mónica Coronado, Carmen Gómez Candela, Mariana Díaz-Almirón, Pedro Iglesias, Rafael Selgas
INTRODUCTION: Abdominal fat and its increment over time in particular has become a cardiovascular risk factor in uraemic patients. OBJECTIVES: To analyse changes in abdominal fat in haemodialysis patients over one year and study their possible correlation with the variation in adipocytokine serum levels. As a secondary objective, we tried to validate the data obtained by bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) with data obtained by dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)...
October 26, 2016: Nefrología: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española Nefrologia
ChanUk Yoo, SeongKyo Suh, YoungGyu Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the use of bioelectrical impedance analysis as an appropriate rehabilitation therapy evaluation tool for stroke hemiplegic patients. [Subjects and Methods] A group of 20 stroke patients diagnosed with stroke hemiplegia who underwent stroke rehabilitation from October to November 2015 participated in this study. Using bioelectrical impedance analysis, stroke hemiparalysis patients were examined, and the affected and non-affected sides were compared. This correlation between impedance measurement values and rehabilitation therapy as an assessment tool was determined...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
M Pinheiro, J Mancio, G Conceição, W Ferreira, M Carvalho, A Santos, L Vouga, V Gama Ribeiro, A Leite-Moreira, I Falcão-Pires, N Bettencourt
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: In patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS), frailty is a clinically relevant measure of increased vulnerability that should be included in the preoperative risk assessment. Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) derived phase angle (PA) reflects cell membrane integrity and function. Few studies are available on the relative contribution of adiposity distribution on frailty, and about the influences of frailty and visceral obesity in PA value. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate associations among frailty, visceral fat depots and PA in patients with symptomatic severe AS...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
Urvashi Mulasi, David M Vock, Adam J Kuchnia, Gautam Jha, Naomi Fujioka, Venkatesh Rudrapatna, Manish R Patel, Levi Teigen, Carrie P Earthman
BACKGROUND: Using the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (Academy/ASPEN) Consensus malnutrition definition, we estimated malnutrition prevalence in a sample of individuals with head and neck cancer (HNC) and compared it with the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA). We also investigated the utility of the 50-kHz phase angle (PA) and 200-kHz/5-kHz impedance ratio (IR) to identify malnutrition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen individuals (18 males, 1 female) scheduled to undergo chemoradiotherapy were seen at 5 time points during and up to 3 months after treatment completion...
October 7, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Flavia Feijó Nunes, Lílian Bassani, Sabrina Alves Fernandes, Maria Eugênia Deutrich, Bianca Coccaro Pivatto, Cláudio Augusto Marroni
Background: Patients with liver disease often present protein-energy malnutrition. The assessment of food intake is very important in the investigation regarding the "health-disease" process. Objective: To assess dietary intake of cirrhotic patients through food record during 3 days, correlating it with the nutritional status of the patient and the stage of the disease. Methods: Cirrhotic outpatients from the Santa Casa de Misericórdia Hospital, RS, Brazil, were assessed...
October 2016: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Mustafa Kemal Kilic, Muhammet Cemal Kizilarslanoglu, Gunes Arik, Basak Bolayir, Ozgur Kara, Hacer Dogan Varan, Fatih Sumer, Mehmet Emin Kuyumcu, Meltem Halil, Zekeriya Ulger
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is an important problem for older adults, leading to morbidity and mortality; therefore, early detection with a precise method is essential. We aimed to investigate the role of bioelectrical impedance analysis-derived phase angle as a determinant of sarcopenia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross section of 263 community-dwelling and hospitalized older adults (>65 years) were assessed in terms of sarcopenia with bioelectrical indices and anthropometric measurements...
September 2, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
Georgi Vassilev, Till Hasenberg, Johannes Krammer, Peter Kienle, Ulrich Ronellenfitsch, Mirko Otto
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is proven to be the most effective therapy for obesity. However, the targeted weight reduction is not always achieved. Reliable predictors for postoperative success are rare. Also, most available predictors, such as gender and socioeconomic status, cannot be influenced. The aim of the study was to assess the reliability of the phase angle (PhA) as a predictor of weight reduction and body composition after bariatric surgery. METHODS: One hundred seventy-three patients (127 with Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and 46 with sleeve gastrectomy), treated between January 2004 and December 2012, were included into this prospective trial...
March 2017: Obesity Surgery
Fernando Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Carlos Cristi-Montero, Katherine González-Ruíz, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez
Muscle strength can define the general muscular fitness (MF) measurable through hand-grip strength (HG), which is a factor that relates to the health of people of different ages. In this study we evaluated the muscle strength together with a bioimpedance electric analysis in 223 healthy Colombian adult subjects. The bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA) was conducted to determine the resistance (R), reactance (Xc) and phase angle (PhA). We classified the subjects into three groups (for tertiles), obtaining lower values of R and Xc in subjects with lower HG, plus a high correlation between PhA and HG...
July 2, 2016: Nutrients
Bojan Knap, Miha Arnol, Karmen Romozi, Andreja Marn Pernat, Jakob Gubenšek, Rafael Ponikvar, Jadranka Buturović-Ponikvar, Željka Večerić-Haler
Malnutrition is very common and connected with high morbidity and mortality of patients on chronic hemodialysis. A cross-sectional, longitudinal study was performed in maintenance dialysis patients intending to determine association between modified Subjective Global Assessment (SGA), serum albumin and mortality. Cross-sectional study of phase angle (PhA) values and other indices of bioelectrical impedance body analysis (BIA) were correlated to biochemical data and malnutrition-inflammation score (MIS). In the group of 184 hemodialysis patients, we found 39 malnourished patients...
June 2016: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
Monika Łątka, Kinga Wójtowicz, Tomasz Drożdż, Ewelina Dąbrowska, Przemko Kwinta, Jacek Antoni Pietrzyk, Dorota Drożdż
BACKGROUND: Electrical bioimpedance analysis (BIA) is becoming more widely used in clinical practice as a method of body composition analysis. In healthy children blood pressure (BP) changes with age, body mass and height. Until now the relation between water compartments and BP in healthy children has not been evaluated. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between body composition as well as water compartments (measured by electrical bioimpedance) and BP. METHODS: The study was performed in 72 children (32 girls and 40 boys) aged: 6-7 and 12-13 years...
2016: Przegla̧d Lekarski
Małgorzata Pigłowska, Tomasz Kostka, Wojciech Drygas, Anna Jegier, Joanna Leszczyńska, Mirosława Bill-Bielecka, Magdalena Kwaśniewska
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this analysis was to investigate the relationship between body composition, metabolic parameters and endothelial function among physically active healthy middle-aged and older men. METHODS: Out of 101 asymptomatic men prospectively tracked for traditional cardiovascular risk factors (mean observation period 25.1 years), 55 metabolically healthy individuals who maintained stable leisure time physical activity (LTPA) level throughout the observation and agreed to participate in the body composition assessment were recruited (mean age 60...
April 27, 2016: Lipids in Health and Disease
Andreas Zouridakis, Yannis V Simos, Ioannis I Verginadis, Konstantinos Charalabopoulos, Vasilios Ragos, Evangelia Dounousi, Georgios Boudouris, Spyridon Karkabounas, Angelos Evangelou, Dimitrios Peschos
Chronic kidney disease is a condition that promotes oxidative stress. There are conflicting evidence about the role of hemodialysis on oxidative stress, that are mostly related with the various types of membrane materials used, the quality and type of dialysate, the method used, etc. The phase angle (PhA), which is determined with bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), measures the functionality of cell membranes. In this study, the correlation of the PhA with parameters of oxidative stress is attempted for the first time...
June 2016: Renal Failure
Donata Ringaitiene, Dalia Gineityte, Vaidas Vicka, Tadas Zvirblis, Ieva Norkiene, Jurate Sipylaite, Algimantas Irnius, Juozas Ivaskevicius
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Phase angle (PA), which is obtained from bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), is a non-invasive method for measuring altered electrical properties of biological tissues. It has been recognised as an objective prognostic marker of disease severity and frailty. The aim of this study is to determine whether PA is a marker of malnutrition and postoperative morbidity in low operative risk patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in a tertiary hospital...
December 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Baerbel Sturtzel, Ibrahim Elmadfa, Gerald Ohrenberger
To investigate how the energy intake of institutionalized long-term-care patients through the regular nontherapeutic meals provision is associated with the nutritional status and the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI). A 9 month longitudinal, observational study. Long-term-care Hospital. 66 long-term-care patients with multiple medical conditions and solely oral food-intake. 47 (71 %) patients, predominantly women (n = 39/47), with a mean age of 83.04 (±9.58) years completed study time and 19 (29 %) deceased...
2016: SpringerPlus
Maria Cristina Gonzalez, Thiago G Barbosa-Silva, Renata M Bielemann, Dympna Gallagher, Steven B Heymsfield
BACKGROUND: The phase angle (PA) has been used as a prognostic marker in several clinical situations. Nevertheless, its biological meaning is not completely understood. OBJECTIVE: We verified how body-composition components could explain the PA. DESIGN: The trial was a cross-sectional study involving 1442 participants (women: 58.5%; Caucasian: 40.2%) from body-composition studies. Labeled tritium dilution and total-body potassium were used to estimate total-body water (TBW) and intracellular water (ICW), respectively...
March 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Tobias A Marsen, Justinus Beer, Helmut Mann
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Protein-energy wasting (PEW) is increasingly becoming a clinical problem in maintenance hemodialysis patients and guidelines call for nutritional interventions. Serum prealbumin (transthyretin) represents a critical nutritional marker positively correlated with patient survival and negatively correlated with morbidity. Nutritional counseling, oral supplementation as well as intradialytic parenteral nutrition (IDPN) are recommended to fight PEW, however clinical trials on their use are scarce...
December 12, 2015: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
David H Fukuda, Jeffrey R Stout, Jordan R Moon, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Kristina L Kendall, Jay R Hoffman
Raw bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) data [resistance (R); reactance (Xc)] through bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA) and phase angle (PhA) have been used to evaluate cellular function and hydration status. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of resistance training (RT) on classic and specific BIVA in elderly women. Twenty women (mean ± SD; age: 71.9 ± 6.9 years; BMI: 24.5 ± 3.0 kg m(-2)) completed a 6-month RT program. Whole-body, single-frequency BIA, body geometry, and leg strength (5RM) measures were completed at baseline (t0), 3 months (t3), and 6 months (t6)...
February 2016: Experimental Gerontology
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