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Developmental peabody motor scales

Kai Ren, Xiao-Ming Gong, Rong Zhang, Xiu-Hui Chen
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of virtual reality (VR) training on the gross motor function of the lower limb and the fine motor function of the upper limb in children with spastic diplegia cerebral palsy. METHODS: Thirty-five children with spastic diplegia cerebral palsy were randomly assigned to VR training group (n=19) and conventional training group (n=16). The conventional training group received conventional physical therapy and occupational therapy for three months...
October 2016: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
Bianca Mendonça, Barbara Sargent, Linda Fetters
AIM: To investigate whether standardized motor development screening and assessment tools that are used to evaluate motor abilities of children aged 0 to 2 years are valid in cultures other than those in which the normative sample was established. METHOD: This was a systematic review in which six databases were searched. Studies were selected based on inclusion/exclusion criteria and appraised for evidence level and quality. Study variables were extracted. RESULTS: Twenty-three studies representing six motor development screening and assessment tools in 16 cultural contexts met the inclusion criteria: Alberta Infant Motor Scale (n=7), Ages and Stages Questionnaire, 3rd edition (n=2), Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, 3rd edition (n=8), Denver Developmental Screening Test, 2nd edition (n=4), Harris Infant Neuromotor Test (n=1), and Peabody Developmental Motor Scales, 2nd edition (n=1)...
October 4, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Christiane Al-Haddad, Maamoun Abdul Fattah, Larissa Smeets, Hani Tamim, Leila Dirani, Layal Safadieh, Durriyah Sinno, Lama Charafeddine
PURPOSE: To study ophthalmological outcomes of premature children with no retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and correlate with neurodevelopmental outcomes. METHODS: A total of 69 former preterm infants were evaluated at 2 to 7 years of age. Detailed ophthalmologic examinations were performed. Neurodevelopment was assessed using the Peabody Developmental Motor Scale and Wechsler Preschool and Primary Scale of Intelligence. Another 69 healthy children served as controls...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
Lars Adde, Niranjan Thomas, Hima B John, Samuel Oommen, Randi Tynes Vågen, Toril Fjørtoft, Alexander Refsum Jensenius, Ragnhild Støen
BACKGROUND: Most studies on Prechtl's method of assessing General Movements (GMA) in young infants originate in Europe. AIM: To determine if motor behavior at an age of 3 months post term is associated with motor development at 12 months post age in VLBW infants in India. METHODS: 243 VLBW infants (135 boys, 108 girls; median gestational age 31wks, range 26-39wks) were video-recorded at a median age of 11wks post term (range 9-16wks). Certified and experienced observers assessed the videos by the "Assessment of Motor Repertoire - 2-5 Months"...
November 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
Leen Maes, Alexandra De Kegel, Hilde Van Waelvelde, Els De Leenheer, Helen Van Hoecke, Julie Goderis, Ingeborg Dhooge
OBJECTIVES: Hearing-impaired children are at risk for vestibular damage and delayed motor development. Two major causes of congenital hearing loss are cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and connexin (Cx) 26 mutations. Comparison of the motor performance and vestibular function between these specific groups is still underexplored. The objective of this study was to investigate the impact of congenital (c)CMV and Cx26 on the motor performance and vestibular function in 6 months old infants...
August 8, 2016: Ear and Hearing
Fei-Fei Zang, Hong Yang, Qian Han, Jia-Yan Cao, Iris Tomantschger, Magdalena Krieber, Wei Shi, Dan-Dan Luo, Mo Zhu, Christa Einspieler
BACKGROUND: Studies on motor performance and its early markers are rare in China, especially in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants. OBJECTIVE: Apart from the assessment of the inter-scorer agreement, we aimed to analyze to what extent the motor repertoire at 10 to 18weeks postterm was related to neonatal complications, and gross and fine motor performance at 12months after term. STUDY DESIGN: Exploratory prospective study. SUBJECTS: Seventy-four VLBW infants (58 males; mean gestational age=29weeks; mean birth weight=1252g)...
September 2016: Early Human Development
Catherine Morgan, Iona Novak, Russell C Dale, Andrea Guzzetta, Nadia Badawi
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy (CP) is caused by a lesion in the developing infant brain. Recent neuroplasticity literature suggests that intensive, task-specific intervention ought to commence early, during the critical period of neural development. AIMS: To determine whether "GAME" (Goals - Activity - Motor Enrichment), a motor learning, environmental enrichment intervention, is effective for improving motor skills in infants at high risk of CP. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Single blind randomised controlled trial of GAME versus standard care...
August 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Rosa M Angulo-Barroso, Ming Li, Denise C C Santos, Yang Bian, Julie Sturza, Yaping Jiang, Niko Kaciroti, Blair Richards, Betsy Lozoff
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Insufficient iron levels for optimal fetal and infant development is a concern during pregnancy and infancy. The goal of this study was to assess the effects of iron supplementation in pregnancy and/or infancy on motor development at 9 months. METHODS: The study was a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of infancy iron supplementation linked to an RCT of pregnancy iron supplementation, conducted in Hebei, China. A total of 1482 infants were randomly assigned to receive placebo (n = 730) or supplemental iron (n = 752) from 6 weeks to 9 months...
April 2016: Pediatrics
Deanne Fay, Tawna Wilkinson, Michelle Wagoner, Danna Brooks, Lauren Quinn, Andrea Turnell
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to evaluate differences in gross motor performance of children 3-5 years of age with motor delays when assessed individually compared to assessment in a group setting among peers with typical development (TD). METHODS: Twenty children with motor delays and 42 children with TD were recruited from a preschool program. A within-subject repeated measures design was used; each child with delay was tested both in an individual setting and in a group setting with two to four peers with TD...
February 25, 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
Sepideh Nazi, Faranak Aliabadi
BACKGROUND: To determine whether using mechanical ventilation in neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) influences motor development of low birth weight (LBW) infants and to compare their motor development with normal birth weight (NBW) infants at the age of 8 to 12 months using Peabody Developmental Motor Scale 2 (PDMS-2). METHODS: This cross sectional study was conducted on 70 LBW infants in two groups, mechanical ventilation (MV) group, n=35 and without mechanical ventilation (WMV) group, n=35 and 40 healthy NBW infants matched with LBW group for age...
2015: Medical Journal of the Islamic Republic of Iran
Marleen Vanvuchelen, Lise Van Schuerbeeck, Marijke Aka Braeken
Children with autism spectrum disorders are at risk for motor problems. However, this area is often overlooked in the developmental evaluation in autism diagnostic clinics. An alternative can be to identify children who should receive intensive motor assessment by using a parent-based screener. The aim of this study was to examine whether the Ages and Stages Questionnaires - second edition may be used to identify gross and fine motor problems in children. High-functioning children with autism spectrum disorder (n = 43, 22-54 m) participated in this study...
February 5, 2016: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
Maja Petkovic, Sylvie Chokron, Jacqueline Fagard
The extent of and reasons for visuo-manual coordination deficits in moderate and late preterm born infants without neurological impairments are not well known. This paper presents a longitudinal study on the visuo-manual development of twelve preterm infants, born after 33-36 weeks of gestation without neurological complications, between the ages of 6 and 12 months. Visuo-manual integration and grasping were assessed using the Peabody Developmental Motor Scales, along with bimanual coordination and handedness tests...
April 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Jill G Zwicker, Steven P Miller, Ruth E Grunau, Vann Chau, Rollin Brant, Colin Studholme, Mengyuan Liu, Anne Synnes, Kenneth J Poskitt, Mikaela L Stiver, Emily W Y Tam
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between morphine exposure and growth of the cerebellum and cerebrum in very preterm neonates from early in life to term-equivalent age, as well as to examine morphine exposure and brain volumes in relation to neurodevelopmental outcomes at 18 months corrected age (CA). STUDY DESIGN: A prospective cohort of 136 very preterm neonates (24-32 weeks gestational age) was serially scanned with magnetic resonance imaging near birth and at term-equivalent age for volumetric measurements of the cerebellum and cerebrum...
May 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Hsieh-ching Chen, Lin-ju Kang, Chia-ling Chen, Keh-chung Lin, Fei-chuan Chen, Katie P H Wu
AIMS: To examine the differences in efficacy of home-based constraint-induced therapy (CIT) on functional outcomes and motor control in two age groups of children with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Twenty-three children with spastic unilateral CP receiving 4-week home-based CIT by a therapist were divided into younger (6-8 years; n = 11) and older (9-12 years; n = 12) groups. The home-based CIT involved intensive functional training of the more affected upper-limb while restraining the less affected upper-limb...
2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
Alexandra De Kegel, Leen Maes, Ingeborg Dhooge, Helen van Hoecke, Els De Leenheer, Hilde Van Waelvelde
BACKGROUND: Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infection is the most important etiology of non-hereditary childhood hearing loss and an important cause of neurodevelopmental delay. The current study aimed to investigate the early motor development of symptomatic and asymptomatic cCMV infected children with and without sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). METHODS: Sixty-four children with a cCMV infection, without cerebral palsy, were compared to a control group of 107 normal hearing children...
January 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Zuo Luan, Weipeng Liu, Suqing Qu, Kan Du, Sheng He, Zhaoyan Wang, Yinxiang Yang, Caiying Wang, Xiaojun Gong
Cerebral palsy (CP) is a chronic nervous system disease that severely damages the physical and developmental health of children. Traditional treatment brings about only improvement of mild to moderate CP, but severe CP still lacks effective interventions. To explore safety and efficacy of using neural progenitor cells (NPCs) to treat CP in children, we performed NPCs transplantation in 45 patients with severe CP by injecting NPCs derived from aborted fetal tissue into the lateral ventricle. Gross Motor Function Measures (GMFM), the Peabody Developmental Motor Scale-Fine Motor (PDMS-FM) test and a unified survey questionnaire designed specifically for children with CP were used to evaluate neurological function of the patients...
March 27, 2012: Cell Transplantation
Qing Du, Xuan Zhou, Xueqiang Wang, Sun Chen, Xiaoyan Yang, Nan Chen, Juping Liang, Weiwei Deng, Kun Sun
BACKGROUND: Delayed motor development is reported in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). Exercise is widely used to facilitate motor development and improve motor ability. Exercise for adolescents and adults with CHD has been extensively studied. However, the evidence of exercise for infants with CHD is sparse. This study aims to identify the effect of passive movement and active exercise on motor development within very young CHD infants with cardiac catheterization. METHODS/DESIGN: A prospective and randomized controlled trial will be conducted in very young CHD infants with cardiac catheterization...
2015: Trials
Hsieh-Chun Hsieh, Hung-Yu Lin, Wen-Hsin Chiu, Ling Fu Meng, Chun Kai Liu
OBJECTIVE: This study used a novel device to make video games accessible to children with developmental disabilities (DD) by modifying the training software and interfaces to enhance motor training. METHOD: In the pretest-posttest design, 20 children (13 boys, 7 girls; mean age=5.2 yr) with DD received adaptive upper-limb motor rehabilitation consisting of fifteen 30-min individual sessions 3 times per week for 5 wk. RESULTS: Improvement in Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual Motor Integration and Peabody Developmental Motor Scales, Second Edition, scores for children with DD indicated significant differences between pretest and posttest...
July 2015: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Kristy Azbell, Lisa Dannemiller
PURPOSE: This case report documents limitations of body structures and function, activity, and participation for an infant with arthrogryposis multiplex congenita and reports frequency and timing of interventions for this child. SUMMARY OF KEY POINTS: The infant was followed from 11 days to 9 months of age while receiving occupational therapy and physical therapy on alternating weeks, with orthopedic visits for lower extremity serial casting. Passive range of motion improved and pain scores decreased during passive range of motion...
2015: Pediatric Physical Therapy
E G Duerden, J Foong, V Chau, H Branson, K J Poskitt, R E Grunau, A Synnes, J G Zwicker, S P Miller
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Adverse neurodevelopmental outcome is common in children born preterm. Early sensitive predictors of neurodevelopmental outcome such as MR imaging are needed. Tract-based spatial statistics, a diffusion MR imaging analysis method, performed at term-equivalent age (40 weeks) is a promising predictor of neurodevelopmental outcomes in children born very preterm. We sought to determine the association of tract-based spatial statistics findings before term-equivalent age with neurodevelopmental outcome at 18-months corrected age...
August 2015: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
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