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Meng-Chiao Ho, Wuxian Shi, Agnes Rinaldo-Matthis, Peter C Tyler, Gary B Evans, Keith Clinch, Steven C Almo, Vern L Schramm
Inhibition of human purine nucleoside phosphorylase (PNP) stops growth of activated T-cells and the formation of 6-oxypurine bases, making it a target for leukemia, autoimmune disorders, and gout. Four generations of ribocation transition-state mimics bound to PNP are structurally characterized. Immucillin-H (K*i(1/4) 58 pM, first generation)contains an iminoribitol cation with four asymmetric carbons. DADMe-Immucillin-H (K*i(1/4) 9 pM, second-generation),uses a methylene-bridged dihydroxypyrrolidine cation with twoasymmetric centers...
March 16, 2010: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Cang-Bao Xu, Yaping Zhang, Emelie Stenman, Lars Edvinsson
The role of sphingosine kinase (SphK) on basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF)-induced proliferation of cerebral, aortic and coronary smooth muscle cells (SMC) was addressed using D-erythro-N,N-dimethylsphingosine (DMS), an inhibitor of SphK which blocks conversion of sphingosine to sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P). DMS concentration-dependently reduced the bFGF-induced proliferation of rat cerebral and aortic, and human coronary SMC. This suggests that SphK is one of the key enzymes in the mitogenic response to bFGF in vascular SMC as supported by the finding that S1P stimulated proliferation of SMC...
October 2002: Atherosclerosis
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