Read by QxMD icon Read

Satish Rao

Arpitha Rao, Guruprasad Nayak, Sandhya Kumari, Amratha D Prabhu, Nalini Khandige, Sneha Guruprasad Kalthur, Srinivas Mutalik, Guruprasad Kalthur, Satish Kumar Adiga
The present study reports the effect of ethambutol (EMB) on testicular function. Prepubertal and adult male Swiss albino mice were treated with 40, 80, 160mg/kg body weight of EMB, intraperitoneally, every alternate day for 4 weeks. After 2 weeks gap, mice were sacrificed to collect caudal spermatozoa. EMB treatment resulted in a dose-dependent decrease in the testicular weight, sperm count and motility while the percentage of sperm with head abnormalities, immature chromatin (P<0.001) and DNA damage increased (P<0...
August 12, 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
Anthony Lembo, Mark Pimentel, Satish S Rao, Philip Schoenfeld, Brooks Cash, Leonard B Weinstock, Craig Paterson, Enoch Bortey, William P Forbes
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Few treatments have demonstrated efficacy and safety for diarrhea-predominant irritable bowel syndrome (IBS-D). A phase 3, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was performed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of repeat treatment with the nonsystemic antibiotic rifaximin. METHODS: The trial included adults with IBS-D, mean abdominal pain and bloating scores of 3 or more, and loose stool, located at 270 centers in the United States and Europe from February 2012 through June 2014...
August 12, 2016: Gastroenterology
Bharath Rathnakar, Bola Sadashiva Satish Rao, Vijendra Prabhu, Subhash Chandra, Sharada Rai, Anuradha Calicut Kini Rao, Mrinalini Sharma, Pradeep Kumar Gupta, Krishna Kishore Mahato
The present work reports the photo-biomodulatory effect of red (632.8 nm) and near infrared (785 and 830 nm) lasers on burn injury in Swiss albino mice. Animals were induced with a 15-mm full thickness burn injury and irradiated with various fluences (1, 2, 3, 4, and 6 J/cm(2)) of each laser wavelength under study having a constant fluence rate (8.49 mW/cm(2)). The size of the injury following treatment was monitored by capturing the wound images at regular time intervals until complete healing. Morphometric assessment indicated that the group treated with 3-J/cm(2) fluence of 830 nm had a profound effect on healing as compared to untreated controls and various fluences of other wavelengths under study...
August 6, 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
Gangiti Kranthikumar, Nusrath Syed, Hemantkumar Nemade, Satish Pawar, L M Chandra Sekhara Rao, T Subramanyeshwar Rao
INTRODUCTION: Completion thyroidectomy is defined as the surgical removal of the remnant thyroid tissue following procedures of less than total or near-total thyroidectomy. Whether thyroid reoperations are associated with an increased complication risk is controversial. OBJECTIVE: A retrospective analysis was done of patients undergoing completion thyroidectomy for cancer of the thyroid who had undergone surgery elsewhere for solitary thyroid nodule. The incidence of surgical complications in these patients after reoperation was investigated in this study...
2016: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
Titilope Oduyebo, Irogue Igbinosa, Emily E Petersen, Kara N D Polen, Satish K Pillai, Elizabeth C Ailes, Julie M Villanueva, Kim Newsome, Marc Fischer, Priya M Gupta, Ann M Powers, Margaret Lampe, Susan Hills, Kathryn E Arnold, Laura E Rose, Carrie K Shapiro-Mendoza, Charles B Beard, Jorge L Muñoz, Carol Y Rao, Dana Meaney-Delman, Denise J Jamieson, Margaret A Honein
CDC has updated its interim guidance for U.S. health care providers caring for pregnant women with possible Zika virus exposure, to include the emerging data indicating that Zika virus RNA can be detected for prolonged periods in some pregnant women. To increase the proportion of pregnant women with Zika virus infection who receive a definitive diagnosis, CDC recommends expanding real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (rRT-PCR) testing. Possible exposures to Zika virus include travel to or residence in an area with active Zika virus transmission, or sex* with a partner who has traveled to or resides in an area with active Zika virus transmission without using condoms or other barrier methods to prevent infection...
2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
H C Yashavantha Rao, Sreedharamurthy Satish
New antimicrobial agents derived from endosymbio-tic fungi with unique and targeted mode of action are crucially rudimentary to combat multidrug-resistant infections. Most of the fungi isolated as endosymbionts show close morphological feature resemblance to plant pathogenic or free-living forms, and it is difficult to differentiate these different lifestyles. A fungal endosymbiont strain CLB44 was isolated from Combretum latifolium Blume (Combretaceae). CLB44 was then identified as Alternaria longissima based on morphological and internal transcribed spacer (ITS) intervening 5...
August 2016: Die Naturwissenschaften
Baker Syed, Hoovinakola Chinnappa Yashavantha Rao, Mysore Nagalingaswamy Nagendra-Prasad, Ashwini Prasad, Ballagere Puttaraju Harini, Pasha Azmath, Devaraju Rakshith, Sreedharamurthy Satish
The present investigation aims to evaluate biomimetic synthesis of silver nanoparticles using endophytic bacterium EH 419 inhabiting Euphorbia hirta L. The synthesized nanoparticles were initially confirmed with change in color from the reaction mixture to brown indicating the synthesis of nanoparticles. Further confirmation was achieved with the characteristic absorption peak at 440 nm using UV-Visible spectroscopy. The synthesized silver nanoparticles were subjected to biophysical characterization using hyphenated techniques...
2016: Scientifica
Prabha M Adhikari, Mukta N Chowta, John T Ramapuram, Satish B Rao, Karthik Udupa, Sahana D Acharya
BACKGROUND: Micronutrients such as B12 and folic acid deficiencies are found in higher number in HIV-infected patients. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a study to examine the effect of Vitamin B12 and folic acid supplementation on neuropsychiatric manifestations, CD4 count, and anthropometric measurements in HIV-positive patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three different groups of HIV patients, namely, HIV patients with tuberculosis, HIV patients with neuropsychiatric manifestations, and asymptomatic HIV patients with 50 patients in each group were included in the study...
July 2016: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
Satish S C Rao, Tanisa Patcharatrakul
Dyssynergic defecation is common and affects up to one half of patients with chronic constipation. This acquired behavioral problem is due to the inability to coordinate the abdominal and pelvic floor muscles to evacuate stools. A detailed history, prospective stool diaries, and a careful digital rectal examination will not only identify the nature of bowel dysfunction, but also raise the index of suspicion for this evacuation disorder. Anorectal physiology tests and balloon expulsion test are essential for a diagnosis...
July 30, 2016: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
Kamalesh Dattaram Mumbrekar, Hassan Venkatesh Goutham, Bejadi Manjunath Vadhiraja, Satish Rao Bola Sadashiva
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 25, 2016: DNA Repair
Amit Agrawal, V Umamaheswara Reddy, S Satish Kumar, Kishor V Hegde, G Malleswara Rao
Transorbital orbitocranial penetrating injuries (TOPIs) are relatively rare, can be caused by high-speed projectile foreign bodies to low-energy trauma (which is rarer), and account for 24% of penetrating head injuries in adults and approximately 45% in children. We report an uncommon nonfatal case of TOPI where a 16-year-old male child sustained injury due to accidental penetration of metal bar into the forehead. A bicoronal flap was raised to remove the metal bar. The patient recovered well, had normal vision, and doing well at follow-up...
June 2016: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
H C Yashavantha Rao, Devaraju Rakshith, D M Gurudatt, Sreedharamurthy Satish
Advanced approach in probing for polyketide antimicrobials requires novel genomics and chromatographic strategies. An endophytic strain CLA68 was isolated from the root of Combretum latifolium Blume (Combretaceae) collected from the Western Ghats of Southern India. Strain CLA68 was then identified as Nocardiopsis prasina by its characteristic culture morphology and analysis of 16S rRNA gene sequence. Biosynthetic polyketide synthase genes were investigated using two pairs of degenerate primers. Ethyl acetate extract of CLA68 exhibited broad spectrum activity against a panel of test human pathogens...
June 2016: Die Naturwissenschaften
Olafur S Palsson, William E Whitehead, Miranda A L van Tilburg, Lin Chang, William Chey, Michael D Crowell, Laurie Keefer, Anthony J Lembo, Henry P Parkman, Satish Sc Rao, Ami Sperber, Brennan Spiegel, Jan Tack, Stephen Vanner, Lynn S Walker, Peter Whorwell, Yunsheng Yang
The Rome IV Diagnostic Questionnaires were developed to screen for functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs), serve as inclusion criteria in clinical trials, and support epidemiological surveys. Separate questionnaires were developed for adults, children/adolescents, and infants/toddlers. For the adult questionnaire, we first surveyed 1,162 adults without gastrointestinal disorders, and recommended the 90(th) percentile symptom frequency as the threshold for defining what is abnormal. Diagnostic questions were formulated and verified with clinical experts using a recursive process...
February 13, 2016: Gastroenterology
Satish Sc Rao, Adil E Bharucha, Giuseppe Chiarioni, Richelle Felt-Bersma, Charles Knowles, Allison Malcolm, Arnold Wald
This report defines criteria and reviews the epidemiology, pathophysiology, and management of common anorectal disorders: fecal incontinence (FI), functional anorectal pain and functional defecation disorders. FI is defined as the recurrent uncontrolled passage of fecal material for at least 3 months. The clinical features of FI are useful for guiding diagnostic testing and therapy. Anorectal manometry and imaging are useful for evaluating anal and pelvic floor structure and function. Education, antidiarrheals and biofeedback therapy are the mainstay of management; surgery may be useful in refractory cases...
March 25, 2016: Gastroenterology
Enrique Coss-Adame, Satish S C Rao
Noncardiac chest pain is a term that encompasses all causes of chest pain after a cardiac source has been excluded. This article focuses on esophageal sources for chest pain. Esophageal chest pain (ECP) is common, affects quality of life, and carries a substantial health care burden. The lack of a systematic approach toward the diagnosis and treatment of ECP has led to significant disability and increased health care costs for this condition. Identifying the underlying cause(s) or mechanism(s) for chest pain is key for its successful management...
November 2015: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Jia-Jye Lee, Josephine Galatioto, Satish Rao, Francesco Ramirez, Kevin D Costa
Marfan syndrome (MFS) is an autosomal dominant disease of the connective tissue due to mutations in the fibrillin-1 gene (FBN1). This study aimed at characterizing microelastic properties of the ascending aortic wall and lung parenchyma tissues from wild type (WT) and age-matched Fbn1 hypomorphic mice (Fbn1(mgR/mgR) mice) to identify tissue-specific biomechanical effects of aging and disease in MFS. Atomic force microscopy was used to indent lung parenchyma and aortic wall tissues, using Hybrid Eshelby Decomposition analysis to extract layer-specific properties of the intima and media...
October 2016: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
P R Sakunthala Devi, A Gopala Reddy, G S Rao, C S V Satish Kumar, G Boobalan
AIM: The aim was to assess the pharmacokinetic (PK) interaction of curcumin and glibenclamide (GL) in diabetic rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats induced with diabetes were divided into 2 groups of six rats in each. Group I: GL (6 mg/kg po once daily) treatment in diabetic rats and group 2: Curcumin (50 mg/Kg po once daily) + GL (dose as above) in diabetic rats. Blood samples were collected at pre-determined time intervals for kinetic analysis after the first and last oral dosing of GL for single and multiple dose studies, respectively...
April 2015: Veterinary World
Satish S C Rao, Kulthep Rattanakovit, Tanisa Patcharatrakul
Constipation is a heterogeneous, polysymptomatic, multifactorial disease. Acute or transient constipation can be due to changes in diet, travel or stress, and secondary constipation can result from drug treatment, neurological or metabolic conditions or, rarely, colon cancer. A diagnosis of primary chronic constipation is made after exclusion of secondary causes of constipation and encompasses several overlapping subtypes. Slow-transit constipation is characterized by prolonged colonic transit in the absence of pelvic floor dysfunction...
May 2016: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Kamalesh Dattaram Mumbrekar, Hassan Venkatesh Goutham, Bejadi Manjunath Vadhiraja, Satish Rao Bola Sadashiva
BACKGROUND: A range of individual radiosensitivity observed in humans can influence individual's susceptibility toward cancer risk and radiotherapy outcome. Therefore, it is important to measure the variation in radiosensitivity and to identify the genetic factors influencing it. METHODS: By adopting a pathway specific genotype-phenotype design, we established the variability in cellular radiosensitivity by performing γ-H2AX foci assay in healthy individuals. Further, we genotyped ten selected SNPs in candidate genes XRCC3 (rs861539), XRCC4 (rs1805377), XRCC5 (rs3835), XRCC6 (rs2267437), ATM (rs3218698, rs1800057), LIG4 (rs1805388), NBN (rs1805794), RAD51 (rs1801320) and PRKDC (rs7003908), and analysed their influence on observed variation in radiosensitivity...
April 2016: DNA Repair
Arindam Chakraborty, Prabha Adhikari, Shalini Shenoy, Satish Rao, B Dhanashree, Vishwas Saralaya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2016: Microbial Pathogenesis
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"