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Douglas Drossman

Peter B Cotton, Qi Pauls, Jamila Keith, Andre Thornhill, Douglas Drossman, April Williams, Valerie Durkalski-Mauldin
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The EPISOD (Evaluating Predictors and Interventions in Sphincter of Oddi Dysfunction) study randomized patients with post-cholecystectomy pain, and little or no objective evidence for biliary obstruction, to sphincterotomy or sham intervention. Results at 1 year showed no benefit for the active treatment. We now report the outcomes at up to 5 years. METHODS: One hundred three patients completing 1 year, and still blinded to treatment allocation, were enrolled and followed by phone every 6 months for a median of 58 months (range, 17-71 months)...
April 25, 2017: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Douglas A Drossman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Lancet. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
W Harley Sobin, Thomas W Heinrich, Douglas A Drossman
Patients with functional GI disorders (FGIDs) are commonplace in the gastroenterologist's practice. A number of these patients may be refractory to peripherally acting agents, yet respond to central neuromodulators. There are benefits and potential adverse effects to using TCAs, SSRIs, SNRIs, atypical antipsychotics, and miscellaneous central neuromodulators in these patients. These agents can benefit mood, pain, diarrhea, constipation, nausea, sleep, and depression. The mechanisms by which they work, the differences between classes and individual agents, and the various adverse effects are outlined...
May 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Max J Schmulson, Douglas A Drossman
Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) are diagnosed and classified using the Rome criteria; the criteria may change over time as new scientific data emerge. The Rome IV was released in May 2016. The aim is to review the main changes in Rome IV. FGIDs are now called disorders of gut-brain interaction (DGBI). Rome IV has a multicultural rather than a Western-culture focus. There are new chapters including multicultural, age-gender-women's health, intestinal microenvironment, biopsychosocial, and centrally mediated disorders...
April 30, 2017: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
Miranda A L van Tilburg, Robyn Lewis Claar, Joan M Romano, Shelby L Langer, Douglas A Drossman, William E Whitehead, Bisher Abdullah, Rona L Levy
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relative contributions of disease activity and psychological factors to self-reported symptoms and disability in children with Crohn's disease. STUDY DESIGN: Participants (n = 127 children age 8-18 years) completed questionnaires on symptom severity and disability, as well as psychological measures assessing anxiety, depression, pain beliefs and coping. Disease activity was measured by the Pediatric Crohn's Disease Activity Index. Structural equation modeling was used to test the effects of disease activity and psychological factors on symptoms and disability...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
Douglas A Drossman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
Hans Törnblom, Douglas A Drossman
Chronic abdominal pain has a widespread impact on the individual and the society. Identifying and explaining mechanisms of importance for the pain experience within a biopsychosocial context are central in order to select treatment that has a chance for symptom reduction. With current knowledge of brain-gut interactions, chronic abdominal pain, which mostly appears in functional gastrointestinal disorders, to a large extent involves pain mechanisms residing within the brain. As such, the use of centrally targeted pharmacotherapy as an effective treatment option is obvious in a selected number of patients...
2017: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
Olga C Aroniadis, Douglas A Drossman, Magnus Simren
BACKGROUND: Alterations in brain-gut communication and the intestinal microenvironment have been implicated in a variety of medical and neuropsychiatric diseases. Three central areas require basic and clinical research: (1) how the intestinal microenvironment interacts with the host immune system, central nervous system and enteric nervous system; (2) the role of the intestinal microenvironment in the pathogenesis of medical and neuropsychiatric disease; (3) the effects of diet, prebiotics, probiotics and fecal microbiota transplantation on the intestinal microenvironment and the treatment of disease...
January 17, 2017: Psychosomatic Medicine
Douglas A Drossman, William L Hasler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Gastroenterology
Laurie Keefer, Douglas A Drossman, Elspeth Guthrie, Magnus Simrén, Kirsten Tillisch, Kevin Olden, Peter J Whorwell
Centrally Mediated Abdominal Pain Syndrome (CAPS), formerly known as Functional Abdominal Pain Syndrome, can be distinguished from other functional GI disorders by its strong central component and relative independence from motility disturbances. CAPS is a result of central sensitization with disinhibition of pain signals rather than increased peripheral afferent excitability. A newly described condition, Narcotic Bowel Syndrome (NBS)/Opioid-Induced GI Hyperalgesia, is characterized by the paradoxical development of or increases in abdominal pain associated with continuous or increasing dosages of opioids...
February 19, 2016: Gastroenterology
Lukas Van Oudenhove, Michael D Crowell, Douglas A Drossman, Albena D Halpert, Laurie Keefer, Jeffrey M Lackner, Tasha B Murphy, Bruce D Naliboff, Rona L Levy
In this paper, we provide a general framework for understanding the functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID) from a biopsychosocial perspective. More specifically, we provide an overview of the recent research on how the complex interactions of environmental, psychological, and biological factors contribute to the development and maintenance of the FGID. We emphasize that considering and addressing all these factors is a conditio sine qua non for appropriate treatment of these conditions. First, we provide an overview of what is currently known about how each of these factors - the environment, including the influence of those in an individual's family, the individual's own psychological states and traits, and the individual's (neuro)physiological make-up - interact to ultimately result in the generation of FGID symptoms...
February 18, 2016: Gastroenterology
Douglas A Drossman
Functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs), the most common diagnoses in gastroenterology are recognized by morphological and physiological abnormalities that often occur in combination including motility disturbance, visceral hypersensitivity, altered mucosal and immune function, altered gut microbiota and altered central nervous system processing. Research on these gut-brain interaction disorders is based on using specific diagnostic criteria. The Rome Foundation has played a pivotal role in creating diagnostic criteria thus operationalizing the dissemination of new knowledge in the field of FGIDs...
February 19, 2016: Gastroenterology
Motoyori Kanazawa, Shigemi Nakajima, Tadayuki Oshima, William E Whitehead, Ami D Sperber, Olafur S Palsson, Douglas A Drossman, Hiroto Miwa, Shin Fukudo
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Reliable diagnostic instruments for measuring the presence of functional gastrointestinal disorders based on the Rome III criteria have been lacking in Japan. The aims of the present study were to translate and validate the Rome III diagnostic questionnaire which was widely used in Western countries. METHODS: The original version of Rome III diagnostic questionnaire was translated from English into Japanese through 3 independent forward translations, resolution, back translation and reconciliation of the differences...
October 1, 2015: Journal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
Ben Saypol, Douglas A Drossman, Max J Schmulson, Carolina Olano, Albena Halpert, Ademola Aderoju, Lin Chang
BACKGROUND: Quality communication skills and increased multicultural sensitivity are universal goals, yet teaching them have remained a challenge for educators. OBJECTIVE: To document the process and participant responses to Interactive Theater when used as a method to teach physician/patient communication and cross-cultural competency. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Three projects are reported. They were collaborations between Theater Delta, the UNC Center for Functional GI and Motility Disorders, the Rome Foundation, the World Gastroenterology Organization, and the American Gastroenterological Association...
May 2015: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
Jan Gaertner, Waldemar Siemens, Michael Camilleri, Andrew Davies, Douglas A Drossman, Lynn R Webster, Gerhild Becker
Opioid-induced constipation (OIC) is a frequent symptom in patients treated with opioids and impacts the patients' quality of life. However, there is no generally accepted definition for OIC. The aims of this study were to identify definitions for OIC in clinical trials and Cochrane Reviews and to compile assessment tools and outcome measures that were used in clinical trials. In a systematic review, 5 databases (MEDLINE, PubMed, The Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and EMBASE) were searched to identify clinical trials assessing OIC in adult patients or healthy volunteers...
January 2015: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
Bizhan Ahmadi, Peyman Arab, Mohammad Javad Zahedi, Sara Shafieipour, Douglas A Drossman, Ghodseyeh Banivaheb
BACKGROUND In spite of the increasing trend in opioid abusers worldwide, the prevalence of narcotic bowel syndrome (NBS) is undetermined. We aimed to estimate the prevalence of NBS and other opioid bowel dysfunction (OBD) in opioid abusers in Kerman, southeast Iran. According to the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to assess the prevalence of NBS in opioid abusers. METHODS By referring to addiction treatment centers in Kerman city and in a cross-sectional study, 577 subjects with opium or opioid subtracts abuse were included in our study...
October 2014: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
Douglas Drossman, Eva Szigethy
OBJECTIVES: The paradoxical development of chronic abdominal pain is an underrecognized side effect of opioid use. Narcotic bowel syndrome (NBS), occurring in a small proportion of chronic opioid users, consists of chronic or intermittent abdominal pain, which often increases in severity despite continued or escalating dosages of opioids prescribed to relieve pain. METHODS: A PubMed search was conducted using terms such as "narcotic bowel syndrome" and "opioid hyperalgesia" through January 2014...
September 10, 2014: American Journal of Gastroenterology Supplements (Print)
Eva Szigethy, Marc Schwartz, Douglas Drossman
Prescription opioid use for chronic non-cancer pain has reached epidemic levels in the USA. With this increased use is the recognition of serious opioid-related gastrointestinal complications such as narcotic bowel syndrome (NBS) and opioid-induced constipation (OIC). NBS consists of a paradoxical worsening of abdominal pain with escalating doses of opioids and is likely mediated by the central nervous system. Therapy requires an intensive multidisciplinary approach to detoxification. OIC is the most common gastrointestinal side effect of opioids...
October 2014: Current Gastroenterology Reports
Douglas A Drossman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2014: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Peter B Cotton, Valerie Durkalski, Joseph Romagnuolo, Qi Pauls, Evan Fogel, Paul Tarnasky, Giuseppe Aliperti, Martin Freeman, Richard Kozarek, Priya Jamidar, Mel Wilcox, Jose Serrano, Olga Brawman-Mintzer, Grace Elta, Patrick Mauldin, Andre Thornhill, Robert Hawes, April Wood-Williams, Kyle Orrell, Douglas Drossman, Patricia Robuck
IMPORTANCE: Abdominal pain after cholecystectomy is common and may be attributed to sphincter of Oddi dysfunction. Management often involves endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with manometry and sphincterotomy. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether endoscopic sphincterotomy reduces pain and whether sphincter manometric pressure is predictive of pain relief. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS: Multicenter, sham-controlled, randomized trial involving 214 patients with pain after cholecystectomy without significant abnormalities on imaging or laboratory studies, and no prior sphincter treatment or pancreatitis randomly assigned (August 6, 2008-March 23, 2012) to undergo sphincterotomy or sham therapy at 7 referral medical centers...
May 2014: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
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